We As Freemen

Plessy V. Ferguson

Author: Medley, Keith Medley

Publisher: Pelican Publishing

ISBN: 1455613932

Category: History

Page: 256

View: 6125

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Plessy V. Ferguson

A Brief History with Documents

Author: Brook Thomas

Publisher: Macmillan

ISBN: 9780312137434

Category: History

Page: 205

View: 3220

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In 1896, The Supreme Court's Plessy v. Ferguson decision made legal a system of "separate but equal" racial segregation not overruled until 1954. Using the full text of the Court's opinion, along with a selection of responses to the ruling, Brook Thomas allows students to re-create a context of the complicated debates and conditions in which the decision took place.

Searching for Equality

Sex Discrimination, Parental Leave, and the Swedish Model with Comparisons to EU, UK, and US Law

Author: Laura Carlson

Publisher: Lustu Forlag

ISBN: N.A

Category: Law

Page: 438

View: 436

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Achieving economic equality between men and women is a challenge to every country. The approach taken politically and legally in Sweden is to encourage greater economic independence of women from the family through paid work, as well as men assuming a greater share of unpaid work. This work takes the Swedish approach to the problem of economic equality and compares it to the legal systems as found in the EU, UK and US. The efforts in Sweden have made within the context of the parameters of the Swedish model of labor, in which the preferred mechanism of resolution is agreement between the social partners and not legislation. To this end, the role of the social partners as well as collective agreements are analyzed in addition to the statutory schemes in each of these four systems. Both Sweden and the UK are subject to the parameters as set out by Community law. The recent emphasis in the UK has been on a family friendly workplace, to be achieved at least in part through flexible working. In the US, the focus has been on discriminatory behavior as a societal phenomenon, with concerns as to balancing family and work new to the legislative scheme. Each of these four systems is also analyzed with respect to access to justice issues, particularly the allocation of attorney's fees, the remedies available under the statutes as well as the statute of limitations with respect to sex discrimination claims.

Slavery & the Law

Author: Paul Finkelman

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers

ISBN: 1461642345

Category: History

Page: 480

View: 4874

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In this book, prominent historians of slavery and legal scholars analyze the intricate relationship between slavery, race, and the law from the earliest Black Codes in colonial America to the passage of the Fugitive Slave Law and the Dred Scott decision prior to the Civil War. Slavery & the Law's wide-ranging essays focus on comparative slave law, auctioneering practices, rules of evidence, and property rights, as well as issues of criminality, punishment, and constitutional law.

Dispossessing the Wilderness

Indian Removal and the Making of the National Parks

Author: Mark David Spence

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780195142433

Category: History

Page: 190

View: 5246

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National parks like Yellowstone, Yosemite, and Glacier preserve some of this country's most cherished wilderness landscapes. While visions of pristine, uninhabited nature led to the creation of these parks, they also inspired policies of Indian removal. By contrasting the native histories of these places with the links between Indian policy developments and preservationist efforts, this work examines the complex origins of the national parks and the troubling consequences of the American wilderness ideal. The first study to place national park history within the context of the early reservation era, it details the ways that national parks developed into one of the most important arenas of contention between native peoples and non-Indians in the twentieth century.

Castle Valley, America

hard land, hard-won home

Author: Nancy Jacobus Taniguchi

Publisher: Utah State Univ Pr

ISBN: N.A

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 365

View: 4531

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In Castle Valley, coal mining and the railroad attracted diverse, multiethnic communities and a fair share of historic characters, from Butch Cassidy to Mother Jones. Taniguchi has written an epic history that is not just local history but American history writ locally.

Color Blind Justice

Albion Tourg?e and the Quest for Racial Equality from the Civil War to Plessy v. Ferguson

Author: Mark Elliott

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199708347

Category: Law

Page: 400

View: 6711

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Civil War officer, Reconstruction "carpetbagger," best-selling novelist, and relentless champion of equal rights--Albion Tourg?e battled his entire life for racial justice. Now, in this engaging biography, Mark Elliott offers an insightful portrait of a fearless lawyer, jurist, and writer, who fought for equality long after most Americans had abandoned the ideals of Reconstruction. Elliott provides a fascinating account of Tourg?e's life, from his childhood in the Western Reserve region of Ohio (then a hotbed of abolitionism), to his years as a North Carolina judge during Reconstruction, to his memorable role as lead plaintiff's counsel in the landmark Supreme Court case Plessy v. Ferguson. Tourg?e's brief coined the phrase that justice should be "color-blind," and his career was one long campaign to make good on that belief. A redoubtable lawyer and an accomplished jurist, Tourg?e's writings represent a mountain of dissent against the prevailing tide of racial oppression. A poignant and inspiring study in courage and conviction, Color-Blind Justice offers us an unforgettable portrayal of Albion Tourg?e and the principles to which he dedicated his life.

The Plessy Case

A Legal-historical Interpretation

Author: Charles A. Lofgren

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 0195056841

Category: Law

Page: 269

View: 7377

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In 1896 the U.S. Supreme Court case Plessy v. Ferguson upheld "equal but separate accommodations for the white and colored races" on all passenger railways within the state of Louisiana. In this account with implications for present-day America, Lofgren traces the roots of this landmark case in the post-Civil War South and pinpoints its moorings in the era's constitutional, legal, and intellectual doctrines. After reviewing de facto racial separation and the shift by southern states to legislated transportation segregation, he shows that the Fourteenth Amendment became a ready vehicle for legitimating classification by race. At the same time, scientists and social scientists were proclaiming black racial inferiority and lower courts were embracing separate-but-equal in ordinary law suits. Within this context, a group of New Orleans blacks launched a judicial challenge to Louisiana's 1890 Separate Car Law and carried the case to the Supreme Court, where the resulting opinions by Justices Henry Billings Brown and John Marshall Harlan pitted legal doctrines and "expert" opinion about race against the idea of a color-blind Constitution. Throughout his account, Lofgren probes the intellectual premises that shaped this important episode in the history of law and race in America--an episode that still raises troubling questions about racial classification and citizenship--revealing its dynamics and place in the continuum of legal change.

Multicultural America

A Multimedia Encyclopedia

Author: Carlos E. Cortés

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1506332781

Category: Social Science

Page: 2528

View: 1507

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This comprehensive title is among the first to extensively use newly released 2010 U.S. Census data to examine multiculturalism today and tomorrow in America. This distinction is important considering the following NPR report by Eyder Peralta: “Based on the first national numbers released by the Census Bureau, the AP reports that minorities account for 90 percent of the total U.S. growth since 2000, due to immigration and higher birth rates for Latinos.” According to John Logan, a Brown University sociologist who has analyzed most of the census figures, “The futures of most metropolitan areas in the country are contingent on how attractive they are to Hispanic and Asian populations.” Both non-Hispanic whites and blacks are getting older as a group. “These groups are tending to fade out,” he added. Another demographer, William H. Frey with the Brookings Institution, told The Washington Post that this has been a pivotal decade. “We’re pivoting from a white-black-dominated American population to one that is multiracial and multicultural.” Multicultural America: A Multimedia Encyclopedia explores this pivotal moment and its ramifications with more than 900 signed entries not just providing a compilation of specific ethnic groups and their histories but also covering the full spectrum of issues flowing from the increasingly multicultural canvas that is America today. Pedagogical elements include an introduction, a thematic reader’s guide, a chronology of multicultural milestones, a glossary, a resource guide to key books, journals, and Internet sites, and an appendix of 2010 U.S. Census Data. Finally, the electronic version will be the only reference work on this topic to augment written entries with multimedia for today’s students, with 100 videos (with transcripts) from Getty Images and Video Vault, the Agence France Press, and Sky News, as reviewed by the media librarian of the Rutgers University Libraries, working in concert with the title’s editors.

The Myth of "ethnic Conflict"

Politics, Economics, and "cultural" Violence

Author: Beverly Crawford,Ronnie D. Lipschutz

Publisher: University of California International &

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 580

View: 4958

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America

A Narrative History

Author: W. W. Norton & Company, Incorporated

Publisher: W. W. Norton

ISBN: 9780393668933

Category: History

Page: N.A

View: 4897

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I Dissent

Great Opposing Opinions in Landmark Supreme Court Cases

Author: Mark V. Tushnet

Publisher: Beacon Press

ISBN: 9780807000366

Category: Law

Page: 229

View: 3670

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A distinguished Supreme Court scholar introduces and explains sixteen influential cases from throughout the Court's history and offers a sense of what could have developed if the dissents were instead the majority opinions, looking at each case in terms of its political, social, economic, and cultural context. Original.

A People's History of the United States

1492-Present

Author: Howard Zinn

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317325303

Category: History

Page: 744

View: 1624

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This is a new edition of the radical social history of America from Columbus to the present. This powerful and controversial study turns orthodox American history upside down to portray the social turmoil behind the "march of progress". Known for its lively, clear prose as well as its scholarly research, A People's History is the only volume to tell America's story from the point of view of - and in the words of - America's women, factory workers, African-Americans, Native Americans, the working poor, and immigrant laborers. As historian Howard Zinn shows, many of America's greatest battles - the fights for fair wage, an eight-hour workday, child-labor laws, health and safety standards, universal suffrage, women's rights, racial equality - were carried out at the grassroots level, against bloody resistance. Covering Christopher Columbus's arrival through the Clinton years A People's History of the United States, which was nominated for the American Book Award in 1981, is an insightful analysis of the most important events in US history.

Slavery in the Modern World

A History of Political, Social, and Economic Oppression

Author: Junius P. Rodriguez

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 185109783X

Category: History

Page: 778

View: 1820

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This work is the first encyclopedia on the labor practices that constitute modern-day slavery—and the individuals and organizations working today to eradicate them.

To Ask for an Equal Chance

African Americans in the Great Depression

Author: Cheryl Lynn Greenberg

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers

ISBN: 9781442200517

Category: History

Page: 200

View: 5737

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The Great Depression hit Americans hard, but none harder than African Americans and the working poor. To Ask for an Equal Chance explores black experiences during this period and the intertwined challenges posed by race and class. "Last hired, first fired," black workers lost their jobs at twice the rate of whites, and faced greater obstacles in their search for economic security. Black workers, who were generally urban newcomers, impoverished and lacking industrial skills, were already at a disadvantage. These difficulties were intensified by an overt, and in the South legally entrenched, system of racial segregation and discrimination. New federal programs offered hope as they redefined government's responsibility for its citizens, but local implementation often proved racially discriminatory. As Cheryl Lynn Greenberg makes clear, African Americans were not passive victims of economic catastrophe or white racism; they responded to such challenges in a variety of political, social, and communal ways. The book explores both the external realities facing African Americans and individual and communal responses to them. While experiences varied depending on many factors including class, location, gender and community size, there are also unifying and overarching realities that applied universally. To Ask for an Equal Chance straddles the particular, with examinations of specific communities and experiences, and the general, with explorations of the broader effects of racism, discrimination, family, class, and political organizing.