Portraits in Science

Author: Ann Moyal

Publisher: National Library Australia

ISBN: 0642106169

Category: Australia

Page: 203

View: 750

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Twelve of Australia's leading scientists speak about their lives and their work. They convey the variety, excitement and accomplishment of science, explore its processes and reveal its challenges. Together their informal stories illuminate a remarkable landscape of science in Australia and shed fascinating light on the formative influences that have shaped these men and women towards a life in science.

Marie Curie

And the Science of Radioactivity

Author: Naomi Pasachoff

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0195092147

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 109

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Examines the life of the Polish-born scientist who, with her husband Pierre, was awarded a 1903 Nobel Prize for discovering radium.

Ernest Rutherford

And the Explosion of Atoms

Author: J. L. Heilbron

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190284196

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 144

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An engaging biography that captures the excitement of the early days of nuclear physics, Ernest Rutherford tells the story of the down-to-earth New Zealander who became one of the foremost pioneers of subatomic physics. Rutherford's achievements were numerous and included: * Inventing a detector for electromagnetic waves * Discovering the existence of alpha and beta rays in uranium radiation * Creating (with Frederick Soddy) the "disintegration theory" of radioactivity, which regards radioactive phenomena as atomic -- not molecular -- processes * Demonstrating that the inner structures of elements correspond with a group of lines that characterize them, which could then be assigned an atomic number and, more important, the properties of each element could be defined by this number * And his greatest contribution of all - he discovered that the atom had a nucleus and that it contained the positively charged proton From his early days as a scholarship student to the end of his life as he continued to work in his lab, Ernest Rutherford reveals the life and times of one of the greatest minds of the twentieth century. Oxford Portraits in Science is an on-going series of scientific biographies for young adults. Written by top scholars and writers, each biography examines the personality of its subject as well as the thought process leading to his or her discoveries. These illustrated biographies combine accessible technical information with compelling personal stories to portray the scientists whose work has shaped our understanding of the natural world.

Michael Faraday

Physics and Faith

Author: Colin A. Russell

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0195117638

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 124

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A biography of the nineteenth-century English scientist whose religious beliefs guided his exploration of electricity and magnetism.

Gregor Mendel

And the Roots of Genetics

Author: Edward Edelson

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0195150201

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 112

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Explores the life of Gregor Mendel, an Austrian monk whose experiments with pea plants became a foundation for modern genetics.

Galileo Galilei

First Physicist

Author: James MacLachlan

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0195131703

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 128

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Examines the personality, thought processes, scientific discoveries, and life of an important figure who helped to shape our understanding of the natural world.

Enrico Fermi

And the Revolutions of Modern Physics

Author: Dan Cooper,Enrico Fermi

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 019511762X

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 117

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A biography of the Nobel Prize-winning physicist whose work led to the discovery of nuclear fission, the basis of nuclear power and the atom bomb.

Ivan Pavlov

Exploring the Animal Machine

Author: Daniel Todes

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190283009

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 112

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Hailed as the "Prince of World Physiology," Ivan Pavlov continues to influence scientists today. His pioneering research on digestion, the brain, and behavior still provides important insights into the minds of animals--including humans--and is an inspiring example of imaginative experimental technique. Pavlov graduated from the theological seminary in his native Ryazan, Russia, in 1869 but almost immediately switched to medicine and enrolled at St. Petersburg University. He became interested in the physiology of circulation and digestion, which led him to the study of conditional and unconditional reflexes. He conducted thousands of experiments with dogs, developing a way to use a dogs salivary glands as a window through which to observe the workings of its brain. Pavlov lived through the Russian Revolution and the civil war that followed it. Lenin himself recognized his genius and provided financial backing for his research; the new Soviet government built a research complex dedicated exclusively to his experiments. Pavlov was honored for his contributions to science with the Nobel Prize for Physiology in 1904. Oxford Portraits in Science is an ongoing series of scientific biographies for young adults. Written by top scholars and writers, each biography examines the personality of its subject as well as the thought process leading to his or her discoveries. These illustrated biographies combine accessible technical information with compelling personal stories to portray the scientists whose work has shaped our understanding of the natural world.

Johannes Kepler and the New Astronomy

Author: James R. Voelkel

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 019515021X

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 144

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A biography of the German astronomer who discovered three laws of planetary motion.

Francis Crick and James Watson

And the Building Blocks of Life

Author: Edward Edelson

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190286156

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 112

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The names of James Watson and Francis Crick are bound together forever because the scientific discovery they made was truly a joint enterprise. As Edward Edelson reveals in this intriguing biography, Watson and Crick were the first to describe the structure of deoxyribonucleic acid, or DNA, the molecule that carries our genes and determines everything from the color of our eyes to the shape of our fingernails. Even though Watson and Crick's collaboration lasted only a few years, their achievement was enough to tie their names together forever in the history of science and to establish a firm footing for what was then a radical new branch of science: molecular biology. In doing so, they paved the way for the early detection of genetic diseases such as sickle-cell anemia, and for new scientific leaps such as animal cloning.

Alexander Graham Bell

Making Connections

Author: Naomi Pasachoff

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0195099087

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 144

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Examines the personality as well as the thought processes which led this inventor to his discoveries which have helped our understanding of the natural world.

Isaac Newton

And the Scientific Revolution

Author: Gale E. Christianson

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199762368

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 160

View: 7008

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In 1665, when an epidemic of the plague forced Cambridge University to close, Isaac Newton, then a young, undistinguished scholar, returned to his childhood home in rural England. Away from his colleagues and professors, Newton embarked on one of the greatest intellectual odysseys in the history of science: he began to formulate the law of universal gravitation, developed the calculus, and made revolutionary discoveries about the nature of light. After his return to Cambridge, Newton's genius was quickly recognized and his reputation forever established. This biography also allows us to see the personal side of Newton, whose life away from science was equally fascinating. Quarrelsome, quirky, and not above using his position to silence critics and further his own career, he was an authentic genius with all too human faults.

Albert Einstein

And the Frontiers of Physics

Author: Jeremy Bernstein

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0195092759

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 189

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Examines the personality as well as the thought process which led this physicist to his discoveries which have helped shape our understanding of the natural world.

Louis Pasteur and the Hidden World of Microbes

Author: Louise E. Robbins

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190284048

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 144

View: 5304

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Chronicling Louis Pasteur's rise from humble beginnings to international fame, Louis Pasteur and the Hidden World of Microbes investigates the complex life of a man who revolutionized our understanding of disease. Alongside Pasteur's pioneering work with microorganisms, his innovative use of heat to kill harmful organisms in food--a process now known as "pasteurization"--and his development of the rabies vaccine, Louise Robbins places Pasteur in the context of his risky scientific methods and his rigid family and political beliefs. Robbins's reveals a man of genius with sometimes troubling convictions. Louis Pasteur and the Hidden World of Microbes is a fascinating look at one of the most important scientific minds of the last two centuries. Oxford Portraits in Science is an on-going series of scientific biographies for young adults. Written by top scholars and writers, each biography examines the personality of its subject as well as the thought process leading to his or her discoveries. These illustrated biographies combine accessible technical information with compelling personal stories to portray the scientists whose work has shaped our understanding of the natural world.

Portraits of discovery

profiles in scientific genius

Author: George Greenstein

Publisher: Wiley

ISBN: 9780471191384

Category: Science

Page: 232

View: 9695

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An award-winning author chronicles the lives and work of ten scientists, including George Gamow, Annie Jump Canon, Cecilia Payne, and Luiz Alvarez, whose brilliant insight produced extraordinary breakthroughs in their respective disciplines.

Women in Science

50 Fearless Pioneers who Changed the World

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 1607749769

Category: Young Adult Nonfiction

Page: 127

View: 1285

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A charmingly illustrated gift book profiling 50 famous women scientists from the ancient Greek mathematician, philosopher, and astronomer, Hypatia, to Marie Curie, a physicist and chemist.

Faces of Science

Author: Mariana Ruth Cook,Gerard Piel

Publisher: W W Norton & Company Incorporated

ISBN: 9780393061185

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 174

View: 6122

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Collects portraits of people behind some of the modern scientific community's most significant discoveries, including Francis Crick, Richard Leakey, and Miriam Rothschild, and contains short autobiographical essays.

Microsculpture

Portraits of Insects

Author: Levon Biss

Publisher: Abrams

ISBN: 168335138X

Category: Photography

Page: 144

View: 8638

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"You will never look at a beetle or a moth the same way again." --WIRED "Art meets science to dazzling effect." --The Guardian Microsculptureis a unique photographic study of insects in mind-blowing magnification that celebrates the wonders of nature and science. Levon Biss’s photographs capture in breathtaking detail the beauty of the insect world and are printed in large-scale format to provide an unforgettable viewing experience. Each picture in Microsculpture is created from approximately 8,000 individual photographs. Segments of the specimen are lit and photographed separately using microscope lenses, then “stacked” to maintain sharp focus throughout. These images are then combined to create a single high-resolution file. From start to finish, each portrait takes approximately 4 weeks to create. The project has captured the attention of the world with features in WIRED and New Scientist. Microsculpture has been exhibited at the Oxford University Museum of Natural History and the Xposure 2016 International Photography Festival in Sharjah, U.A.E. It has been viewed by over half a mil­lion people so far and will be touring museums around the world from 2017 onward. The entomology collection has significant cultural and historical value, containing the world’s oldest pinned insect specimen and many thousands of insects collected by pioneering Victorian explorers and biologists such as Charles Darwin and Alfred Russell Wallace.

Portraits of Resilience

Author: Daniel Jackson,David A. Karp

Publisher: Mit Press

ISBN: 9780262036788

Category: College students

Page: 152

View: 9993

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Photographs and stories of people who have coped with and overcome depression, anxiety, trauma, and other challenges. More than 15 million Americans grapple with depression in a given year, and 40 million are affected by anxiety disorders. And yet these people are often invisible, hidden, unacknowledged. At once a photo essay and a compendium of life stories, Portraits of Resilience brings us face to face with twenty-two extraordinary individuals, celebrating the wisdom they have gained on the frontline of a contemporary battle. We hear from a young man who was struck with a debilitating sadness just when his life seemed to have turned around, and a medical student whose self-image was transformed by an antidepressant. We meet a physicist whose troubles led him to reassess the role human connection played in his life, an overachiever who developed one of her closest friendships in a mental hospital, and administrative assistant who grew up with an abusive parent but learned to heal and create a new life for herself. No one is immune to depression or anxiety; all of these narrators achieved success as students, faculty, or staff in the demanding world of MIT. The pressures of a competitive and high-pressure environment will be familiar to many. And the mysterious and overwhelming grip of depression will be recognized by those who have suffered from it. But the search for purpose and meaning that pervades these stories is relevant to everyone. These wise people give us not only solace and reassurance as we face our own challenges, but also the inspiration that challenges can be overcome -- and that happiness, while elusive, can eventually be found.

Portraits of Courage

A Commander in Chief's Tribute to America's Warriors

Author: George W. Bush

Publisher: Crown

ISBN: 0804189781

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 192

View: 5257

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#1 New York Times bestseller | Amazon "Best Books of the Month" A vibrant collection of oil paintings and stories by President George W. Bush honoring the sacrifice and courage of America’s military veterans. With Forewords by former First Lady Laura Bush and General Peter Pace, 16th Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. Growing out of President Bush’s own outreach and the ongoing work of the George W. Bush Institute's Military Service Initiative, Portraits of Courage brings together sixty-six full-color portraits and a four-panel mural painted by President Bush of members of the United States military who have served our nation with honor since 9/11—and whom he has come to know personally. Our men and women in uniform have faced down enemies, liberated millions, and in doing so showed the true compassion of our nation. Often, they return home with injuries—both visible and invisible—that intensify the challenges of transitioning into civilian life. In addition to these burdens, research shows a civilian-military divide. Seventy-one percent of Americans say they have little understanding of the issues facing veterans, and veterans agree: eighty-four percent say that the public has "little awareness" of the issues facing them and their families. Each painting in this meticulously produced hardcover volume is accompanied by the inspiring story of the veteran depicted, written by the President. Readers can see the faces of those who answered the nation’s call and learn from their bravery on the battlefield, their journeys to recovery, and the continued leadership and contributions they are making as civilians. It is President Bush’s desire that these stories of courage and resilience will honor our men and women in uniform, highlight their family and caregivers who bear the burden of their sacrifice, and help Americans understand how we can support our veterans and empower them to succeed. President Bush will donate his net author proceeds from PORTRAITS OF COURAGE to the George W. Bush Presidential Center, a non-profit organization whose Military Service Initiative works to ensure that post-9/11 veterans and their families make successful transitions to civilian life with a focus on gaining meaningful employment and overcoming the invisible wounds of war.