Portraits in Science

Author: Ann Moyal

Publisher: National Library Australia

ISBN: 0642106169

Category: Australia

Page: 203

View: 7840

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Twelve of Australia's leading scientists speak about their lives and their work. They convey the variety, excitement and accomplishment of science, explore its processes and reveal its challenges. Together their informal stories illuminate a remarkable landscape of science in Australia and shed fascinating light on the formative influences that have shaped these men and women towards a life in science.

Women in Science

Portraits from a World in Transition

Author: Vivian Gornick

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 172

View: 8363

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Through interviews with women scientists from a variety of disciplines, this book explores the world of scientific research, identifying the obstacles women have had to surmount and tracing their contributions to the demystification of scientific work

Portraits of discovery

profiles in scientific genius

Author: George Greenstein

Publisher: Wiley

ISBN: 9780471191384

Category: Science

Page: 232

View: 3491

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An award-winning author chronicles the lives and work of ten scientists, including George Gamow, Annie Jump Canon, Cecilia Payne, and Luiz Alvarez, whose brilliant insight produced extraordinary breakthroughs in their respective disciplines.

Art in Science

Selections from EMERGING INFECTIOUS DISEASES

Author: Polyxeni Potter,Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 019931571X

Category: Medical

Page: 256

View: 5907

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Since 1995, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has published Emerging Infectious Diseases, a public health journal that endeavors to improve scientific understanding of disease emergence, prevention, and elimination. Widely known for its leading research in infectious disease, EID is also recognized for its unique aesthetic, which brings together visual art from across periods and, through prose, makes it relatable to the journal's science-minded readership. In Art in Science: Selections from Emerging Infectious Diseases, the journal's highly popular fine-art covers are contextualized with essays that address how the featured art relates to science, and to us all. Through the combined covers and essays, the journal's contents -- topics such as infections, contagions, disease emergence, antimicrobial resistance -- find larger context amid topics such as poverty and war, the hazards of global travel, natural disasters, and human-animal interactions. This collection of 92 excerpts and covers from Emerging Infectious Diseases will be of interest to readers of the journal or to anyone who wishes to reach across the aisle between art and science.

Imaging a Career in Science

The Iconography of Antoine Laurent Lavoisier

Author: Marco Beretta

Publisher: Science History Publications

ISBN: 9780881352948

Category: Science

Page: 126

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Companion to Science in the Twentieth Century

Author: John Krige,Dominique Pestre

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9780415286060

Category: History

Page: 941

View: 3960

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This work on science in the 20th century represents work in America, Europe and Asia. It includes such topics as the countries that have made the most significant contributions, the relationship between science and industry and the importance of instrumentation.

Companion Encyclopedia of Science in the Twentieth Century

Author: John Krige,Dominique Pestre

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113648339X

Category: History

Page: 978

View: 9395

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With over forty chapters, written by leading scholars, this comprehensive volume represents the best work in America, Europe and Asia. Geographical diversity of the authors is reflected in the different perspectives devoted to the subject, and all major disciplinary developments are covered. There are also sections concerning the countries that have made the most significant contributions, the relationship between science and industry, the importance of instrumentation, and the cultural influence of scientific modes of thought. Students and professionals will come to appreciate how, and why, science has developed - as with any other human activity, it is subject to the dynamics of society and politics.

Marie Curie

And the Science of Radioactivity

Author: Naomi Pasachoff

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0195092147

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 109

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Examines the life of the Polish-born scientist who, with her husband Pierre, was awarded a 1903 Nobel Prize for discovering radium.

Photography, Natural History and the Nineteenth-Century Museum

Exchanging Views of Empire

Author: Kathleen Davidson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351106872

Category: Photography

Page: 234

View: 5951

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The Victorian era heralded an age of transformation in which momentous changes in the field of natural history coincided with the rise of new visual technologies. Concurrently, different parts of the British Empire began to more actively claim their right to being acknowledged as indispensable contributors to knowledge and the progress of empire. This book addresses the complex relationship between natural history and photography from the 1850s to the 1880s in Britain and its colonies: Australia, New Zealand and, to a lesser extent, India. Coinciding with the rise of the modern museum, photography’s arrival was timely, and it rapidly became an essential technology for recording and publicising rare objects and valuable collections. Also during this period, the medium assumed a more significant role in the professional practices and reputations of naturalists than has been previously recognized, and it figured increasingly within the expanding specialized networks that were central to the production and dissemination of new knowledge. In an interrogation that ranges from the first forays into museum photography and early attempts to document collecting expeditions to the importance of traditional and photographic portraiture for the recognition of scientific discoveries, this book not only recasts the parameters of what we actually identify as natural history photography in the Victorian era but also how we understand the very structure of empire in relation to this genre at that time.

Aspects of Natural Language Processing

Essays Dedicated to Leonard Bolc on the Occasion of His 75th Birthday

Author: Malgorzata Marciniak,Agnieszka Mykowiecka

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642047343

Category: Computers

Page: 449

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Leonard Bolc has played an important role in the Polish computer science community. This Festschrift, published to honor Leonard Bolc on his 75th birthday, includes papers by leading researchers, former students and colleagues to celebrate his scientific career.

Portrait of a Lady

Women in Science: Participation Issues and Perspectives in a Globalized Research System

Author: Sveva Avveduto,Lucio Pisacane

Publisher: Gangemi Editore Spa

ISBN: 884927954X

Category: Social Science

Page: 96

View: 9194

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Which factors prevent a larger female participation in the scientific and research careers? This book analyzes recent data and figures about women researchers in R&D and Higher Education institutions, their motivations, the reasons and causes determining the still persisting gender gap. The various scholars suggest possible strategies for obtaining a better gender balance in the scientific systems, and highlight policy measures for institutions to ease the participation of women in science, research and technology studies and careers. The final aim is to contribute to change the scientific gender bias paradigm into cooperation between genders in science and to involve in reflection and subsequent actions not only women but the scientific community at large, institutions, national and European political bodies concerned in research and science policy. Sveva Avveduto, is research director at the Institute for Research on Population and Social Policies of the Italian National Research Council. Her main research interests concern science and education policy, and science and society issues. She is the leader of CNR-IRPPS research activities in SMART, RESPECT and EVIDENCE Projects financed by the European Commission. Lucio Pisacane, sociologist, is researcher at the Institute for Research on Population and Social Policies of the Italian National Research Council. From 2007 he has been working for CNR focusing on social policy research programmes and on studies on higher education. The book contains contribution by: Supakwadee Amatayakul, Maria Cristina Antonucci, Sveva Avveduto, Marco Chioatto, Fabienne Crettaz von Roten, Cristina Mangia, Aurelija Novelskaite, Nico Pitrelli, Lucio Pisacane, Kate Purcell, Ulf Sandstrom, Nikolina Sretenova, Christian Suter, Catherine Vidal, Alison E. Woodward.

Portraits of Pioneers in Psychology

Author: Donald A. Dewsbury,Ludy T. Benjamin, Jr.,Michael Wertheimer

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 1317828941

Category: Psychology

Page: 320

View: 6311

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This sixth book in the Portraits of Pioneers in Psychology Series preserves the diversity that has characterized earlier volumes as it brings to life psychologists who have made substantial contributions to the field of the history of psychology. These chapters illustrate the pioneering endeavors of such significant figures, and are written in a lively, engaging style by authors who themselves have achieved a reputation as excellent scholars in the history of psychology. Several of the chapters are based on the author's personal acquaintance with a pioneer, and new, previously unavailable information about these luminaries is presented in this volume. Each of these volumes provides glimpses into the personal and scholarly lives of 20 giants in the history of psychology. Prominent scholars provide chapters on a pioneer who made important contributions in their own area of expertise. A special section in each volume provides portraits of the editors and authors, containing interesting information about the relationship between the pioneers and the psychologists who describe them. Utilizing an informal, personal, sometimes humorous, style of writing, the books will appeal to students and instructors interested in the history of psychology. Each of the six volumes in this series contains different profiles, thereby bringing more than 120 of the pioneers in psychology more vividly to life.

Portraits of Pioneers in Psychology

Author: Gregory A. Kimble,Michael Wertheimer

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 1135647798

Category: Psychology

Page: 428

View: 5352

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This fourth book in the series continues the tradition of the popular earlier volumes by offering lively and entertaining information about some of contemporary psychology's most illustrious ancestors. The 21 chapters, many of them written by today's most visible and eminent authors, concentrate on the lives and achievements of major psychologists from a variety of areas. Created for undergraduate and graduate courses in the history of psychology, the variety of pioneers represented provide enough flexibility to also use it as a supplemental reader in other psychology courses. Each of the five volumes in this series contains different profiles thereby bringing more than 100 of the pioneers in psychology more vividly to life.

Portrait of a Scientific Racist

Alfred Holt Stone of Mississippi

Author: James G. Hollandsworth

Publisher: LSU Press

ISBN: 9780807134832

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 344

View: 8723

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In the years after Reconstruction, racial tension soared, as many white southerners worried about how to deal with the millions of free African Americans among them -- an issue they termed the "negro problem." In an attempt to maintain the status quo, white supremacists resurrected old proslavery arguments and sought new justification in scientific theories purporting to "prove" people of African descent inherently inferior to whites. In Portrait of a Scientific Racist James G. Hollandsworth, Jr., reveals how the conjectures of one of the country's most prominent racial theorists, Alfred Holt Stone, helped justify a repressive racial order that relegated African Americans to the margins of southern society in the early 1900s. In this revealing biography, Hollandsworth examines the thoughts and motives of this renowned man, focusing primarily on Stone's most intensive period of theorizing, from 1900 to 1910. A committed and vocal white supremacist, Stone believed black southern workers were inherently lazy, a trait he attributed to their African genes and heritage. He asserted that slavery helped improve the black race but that opportunities still existed during Reconstruction to mold the freedmen into efficient workers. Stone's central -- yet unspoken -- goal was to devise a way to maintain an obedient, productive labor force willing to work for low wages. Writing from both Washington, D.C., and his cotton plantation in the Mississippi Delta, Stone published numerous essays and collected more than 3000 articles and pamphlets on the "American Race Problem" -- including those written by bitter racists and enthusiastic "race boosters." Though Stone lacked the credentials typically associated with scholarly experts of the time, he became an authority on the subject of black Americans, in part because of his close friendship with fellow scientific racist and statistician Walter F. Willcox. An early member of the American Economic Association and other academic groups, Stone went on to serve as head scholar of a division for race studies within the Carnegie Foundation. Interestingly, Stone recruited W. E. B. Du Bois and Booker T. Washington to collaborate with him on a major study for the Foundation, continuing his tendency to incorporate all perspectives into his study of race. Hollandsworth uses Stone's extensive correspondence with Willcox, Du Bois, and Washington, as well as his personal writings -- both published and unpublished -- to reveal the secrets of this misguided, yet fascinating, figure.

Human Significance in Theology and the Natural Sciences

An Ecumenical Perspective with Reference to Pannenberg, Rahner, and Zizioulas

Author: Christopher L. Fisher

Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers

ISBN: 162189231X

Category: Religion

Page: 368

View: 2478

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The medieval worldview that regarded human beings as at the center of God's plans for His universe has long been regarded as obsolete; its synthesis of Christian theology and Greek philosophy having collapsed under the weight of Copernicus, Galileo, and Darwin. The popular stereotype is that Science, both in the Copernican revolution that dethroned the earth-centered view of the cosmos and in subsequent developments in evolutionary theory and general relativity, has marginalized and trivialized human existence, revealing humanity's "place in the cosmos" to be accidental, peripheral, and ultimately meaningless. However, an investigation into both modern Christian theology and contemporary twenty-first century Science reveals just the opposite, providing solid evidence in the interdisciplinary dialogue concerning the significance of humanity within the universe. In this important study, Christopher Fisher analyzes several modern theologians, including Wolfhart Pannenberg, Karl Rahner, and John Zizioulas, to reveal how contemporary ecumenical theology is deeply and intrinsically committed to a high view of human cosmic significance as a consequence of Christianity's indelible Trinitarian and incarnational faith. Fisher then demonstrates how research in contemporary natural Science confirms this finding in its own way, as recent primate intelligence studies, artificial intelligence research, and even the quest for extra-terrestrial intelligence reveal the wonder of human uniqueness. A contemporary version of the teleological argument also resurfaces in consideration of cosmic evolutionary perspectives on human existence. Even ecological concerns take on a new poignancy with the realization that, among material creatures, only human beings are capable of addressing the world's situation. This interdisciplinary study uncovers the surprising coherence and convergence of Christian Theology and Natural Science on the subject of human existence and significance here at the beginning of the twenty-first century, and it highlights the very unique role of humanity in global and cosmic history.