Portraits in Science

Author: Ann Moyal

Publisher: National Library Australia

ISBN: 0642106169

Category: Australia

Page: 203

View: 6297

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Twelve of Australia's leading scientists speak about their lives and their work. They convey the variety, excitement and accomplishment of science, explore its processes and reveal its challenges. Together their informal stories illuminate a remarkable landscape of science in Australia and shed fascinating light on the formative influences that have shaped these men and women towards a life in science.

Women in Science

Portraits from a World in Transition

Author: Vivian Gornick

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 172

View: 9550

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Through interviews with women scientists from a variety of disciplines, this book explores the world of scientific research, identifying the obstacles women have had to surmount and tracing their contributions to the demystification of scientific work

Portraits of discovery

profiles in scientific genius

Author: George Greenstein

Publisher: Wiley

ISBN: 9780471191384

Category: Science

Page: 232

View: 2443

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An award-winning author chronicles the lives and work of ten scientists, including George Gamow, Annie Jump Canon, Cecilia Payne, and Luiz Alvarez, whose brilliant insight produced extraordinary breakthroughs in their respective disciplines.

Art in Science

Selections from EMERGING INFECTIOUS DISEASES

Author: Polyxeni Potter,Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 019931571X

Category: Medical

Page: 256

View: 8070

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Since 1995, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has published Emerging Infectious Diseases, a public health journal that endeavors to improve scientific understanding of disease emergence, prevention, and elimination. Widely known for its leading research in infectious disease, EID is also recognized for its unique aesthetic, which brings together visual art from across periods and, through prose, makes it relatable to the journal's science-minded readership. In Art in Science: Selections from Emerging Infectious Diseases, the journal's highly popular fine-art covers are contextualized with essays that address how the featured art relates to science, and to us all. Through the combined covers and essays, the journal's contents -- topics such as infections, contagions, disease emergence, antimicrobial resistance -- find larger context amid topics such as poverty and war, the hazards of global travel, natural disasters, and human-animal interactions. This collection of 92 excerpts and covers from Emerging Infectious Diseases will be of interest to readers of the journal or to anyone who wishes to reach across the aisle between art and science.

Companion to Science in the Twentieth Century

Author: John Krige,Dominique Pestre

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9780415286060

Category: History

Page: 941

View: 1235

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This work on science in the 20th century represents work in America, Europe and Asia. It includes such topics as the countries that have made the most significant contributions, the relationship between science and industry and the importance of instrumentation.

Companion Encyclopedia of Science in the Twentieth Century

Author: John Krige,Dominique Pestre

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113648339X

Category: History

Page: 978

View: 8839

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With over forty chapters, written by leading scholars, this comprehensive volume represents the best work in America, Europe and Asia. Geographical diversity of the authors is reflected in the different perspectives devoted to the subject, and all major disciplinary developments are covered. There are also sections concerning the countries that have made the most significant contributions, the relationship between science and industry, the importance of instrumentation, and the cultural influence of scientific modes of thought. Students and professionals will come to appreciate how, and why, science has developed - as with any other human activity, it is subject to the dynamics of society and politics.

Imaging a Career in Science

The Iconography of Antoine Laurent Lavoisier

Author: Marco Beretta

Publisher: Science History Publications

ISBN: 9780881352948

Category: Science

Page: 126

View: 4744

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Photography, Natural History and the Nineteenth-Century Museum

Exchanging Views of Empire

Author: Kathleen Davidson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351106872

Category: Photography

Page: 234

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The Victorian era heralded an age of transformation in which momentous changes in the field of natural history coincided with the rise of new visual technologies. Concurrently, different parts of the British Empire began to more actively claim their right to being acknowledged as indispensable contributors to knowledge and the progress of empire. This book addresses the complex relationship between natural history and photography from the 1850s to the 1880s in Britain and its colonies: Australia, New Zealand and, to a lesser extent, India. Coinciding with the rise of the modern museum, photography’s arrival was timely, and it rapidly became an essential technology for recording and publicising rare objects and valuable collections. Also during this period, the medium assumed a more significant role in the professional practices and reputations of naturalists than has been previously recognized, and it figured increasingly within the expanding specialized networks that were central to the production and dissemination of new knowledge. In an interrogation that ranges from the first forays into museum photography and early attempts to document collecting expeditions to the importance of traditional and photographic portraiture for the recognition of scientific discoveries, this book not only recasts the parameters of what we actually identify as natural history photography in the Victorian era but also how we understand the very structure of empire in relation to this genre at that time.

Portrait of a Lady

Women in Science: Participation Issues and Perspectives in a Globalized Research System

Author: Sveva Avveduto,Lucio Pisacane

Publisher: Gangemi Editore Spa

ISBN: 884927954X

Category: Social Science

Page: 96

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Which factors prevent a larger female participation in the scientific and research careers? This book analyzes recent data and figures about women researchers in R&D and Higher Education institutions, their motivations, the reasons and causes determining the still persisting gender gap. The various scholars suggest possible strategies for obtaining a better gender balance in the scientific systems, and highlight policy measures for institutions to ease the participation of women in science, research and technology studies and careers. The final aim is to contribute to change the scientific gender bias paradigm into cooperation between genders in science and to involve in reflection and subsequent actions not only women but the scientific community at large, institutions, national and European political bodies concerned in research and science policy. Sveva Avveduto, is research director at the Institute for Research on Population and Social Policies of the Italian National Research Council. Her main research interests concern science and education policy, and science and society issues. She is the leader of CNR-IRPPS research activities in SMART, RESPECT and EVIDENCE Projects financed by the European Commission. Lucio Pisacane, sociologist, is researcher at the Institute for Research on Population and Social Policies of the Italian National Research Council. From 2007 he has been working for CNR focusing on social policy research programmes and on studies on higher education. The book contains contribution by: Supakwadee Amatayakul, Maria Cristina Antonucci, Sveva Avveduto, Marco Chioatto, Fabienne Crettaz von Roten, Cristina Mangia, Aurelija Novelskaite, Nico Pitrelli, Lucio Pisacane, Kate Purcell, Ulf Sandstrom, Nikolina Sretenova, Christian Suter, Catherine Vidal, Alison E. Woodward.

Aspects of Natural Language Processing

Essays Dedicated to Leonard Bolc on the Occasion of His 75th Birthday

Author: Malgorzata Marciniak,Agnieszka Mykowiecka

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642047343

Category: Computers

Page: 449

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Leonard Bolc has played an important role in the Polish computer science community. This Festschrift, published to honor Leonard Bolc on his 75th birthday, includes papers by leading researchers, former students and colleagues to celebrate his scientific career.

Human Significance in Theology and the Natural Sciences

An Ecumenical Perspective with Reference to Pannenberg, Rahner, and Zizioulas

Author: Christopher L. Fisher

Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers

ISBN: 162189231X

Category: Religion

Page: 368

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The medieval worldview that regarded human beings as at the center of God's plans for His universe has long been regarded as obsolete; its synthesis of Christian theology and Greek philosophy having collapsed under the weight of Copernicus, Galileo, and Darwin. The popular stereotype is that Science, both in the Copernican revolution that dethroned the earth-centered view of the cosmos and in subsequent developments in evolutionary theory and general relativity, has marginalized and trivialized human existence, revealing humanity's place in the cosmos to be accidental, peripheral, and ultimately meaningless. However, an investigation into both modern Christian theology and contemporary twenty-first century Science reveals just the opposite, providing solid evidence in the interdisciplinary dialogue concerning the significance of humanity within the universe. In this important study, Christopher Fisher analyzes several modern theologians, including Wolfhart Pannenberg, Karl Rahner, and John Zizioulas, to reveal how contemporary ecumenical theology is deeply and intrinsically committed to a high view of human cosmic significance as a consequence of Christianity's indelible Trinitarian and incarnational faith. Fisher then demonstrates how research in contemporary natural Science confirms this finding in its own way, as recent primate intelligence studies, artificial intelligence research, and even the quest for extra-terrestrial intelligence reveal the wonder of human uniqueness. A contemporary version of the teleological argument also resurfaces in consideration of cosmic evolutionary perspectives on human existence. Even ecological concerns take on a new poignancy with the realization that, among material creatures, only human beings are capable of addressing the world's situation. This interdisciplinary study uncovers the surprising coherence and convergence of Christian Theology and Natural Science on the subject of human existence and significance here at the beginning of the twenty-first century, and it highlights the very unique role of humanity in global and cosmic history.

Marie Curie

And the Science of Radioactivity

Author: Naomi Pasachoff

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0195092147

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 109

View: 9833

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Examines the life of the Polish-born scientist who, with her husband Pierre, was awarded a 1903 Nobel Prize for discovering radium.

Portraits of Pioneers in Psychology

Author: Donald A. Dewsbury,Ludy T. Benjamin, Jr.,Michael Wertheimer

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 1317828941

Category: Psychology

Page: 320

View: 552

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This sixth book in the Portraits of Pioneers in Psychology Series preserves the diversity that has characterized earlier volumes as it brings to life psychologists who have made substantial contributions to the field of the history of psychology. These chapters illustrate the pioneering endeavors of such significant figures, and are written in a lively, engaging style by authors who themselves have achieved a reputation as excellent scholars in the history of psychology. Several of the chapters are based on the author's personal acquaintance with a pioneer, and new, previously unavailable information about these luminaries is presented in this volume. Each of these volumes provides glimpses into the personal and scholarly lives of 20 giants in the history of psychology. Prominent scholars provide chapters on a pioneer who made important contributions in their own area of expertise. A special section in each volume provides portraits of the editors and authors, containing interesting information about the relationship between the pioneers and the psychologists who describe them. Utilizing an informal, personal, sometimes humorous, style of writing, the books will appeal to students and instructors interested in the history of psychology. Each of the six volumes in this series contains different profiles, thereby bringing more than 120 of the pioneers in psychology more vividly to life.

Presentation of Data in Science

Publications, slides, posters, overhead projections, tape-slides, television Principles and practices for authors and teachers

Author: L. Reynolds,D. Simmonds

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400983549

Category: Medical

Page: 232

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Basic essentials for black-and-white artwork 137 11. 2. 11. 2. 1. Paper 137 11. 2. 2. Pencils 141 11. 2. 3. Inks 142 11. 2. 4. Pens 142 11. 2. 5. Rulers and set squares 143 11. 2. 6. Templates and stencils 143 11. 2. 7. Erasers 144 Scalpels 144 11. 2. S. 11. 2. 9. Burnishers 144 11. 2. 10. Adhesives 152 11. 2. 11. Drafting tape 152 11. 2. 12. Drawing boards 153 11. 3. Other useful items for black-and-white artwork 153 11. 3. 1. Self-adhesive tapes 153 11. 3. 2. Dry-transfer symbols and lettering 154 11. 3. 3. Tone sheets 155 11. 3. 4. 'Pounce' powder 156 11. 3. 5. Fixatives and varnishes 156 11. 4. Additional materials for colour and OHP work 157 11. 4. 1. Self-adhesive colour sheets 157 11. 4. 2. Paints 157 11. 4. 3. Brushes 157 11. 4. 4. Cells and foils (acetate sheets) 158 11. 5. Working comfort 158 11. 5. 1. Organisation 158 11. 5. 2. Furniture 158 11. 5. 3. Lighting 159 12. Basic techniques 160 12. 1. Care and preparation of paper 160 12. 2. Ink work 160 12. 2. 1. Use of technical drawing pens 160 12. 2. 2. Blotting 163 12. 2. 3. Drawing ink lines 163 12. 2. 4. Finishing-off ink lines 165 12. 2. 5. Use of templates and stencils 165 12. 2. 6. Short cuts 165 12. 3. Correcting errors in ink work 167 12. 3. 1.

Michael Faraday

Physics and Faith

Author: Colin A. Russell

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190283556

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 128

View: 9354

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Michael Faraday (1791-1867), the son of a blacksmith, described his education as "little more than the rudiments of reading, writing, and arithmetic at a common day-school." Yet from such basics, he became one of the most prolific and wide-ranging experimental scientists who ever lived. As a bookbinder's apprentice with a voracious appetite for learning, he read every book he got his hands on. In 1812 he attended a series of chemistry lectures by Sir Humphry Davy at London's prestigious Royal Institution. He took copious and careful notes, and, in the hopes of landing a scientific job, bound them and sent them to the lecturer. Davy was impressed enough to hire the 21-year-old as a laboratory assistant. In his first decade at the Institution, Faraday discovered benzene, isobutylene, and two chlorides of carbon. But despite these and other accomplishments in chemistry, he is chiefly remembered for his work in physics. In 1831 he proved that magnetism could generate an electric current, thereby establishing the field of electromagnetism and leading to the invention of the dynamo. In addition to his extraordinary scientific activities, Faraday was a leader in his church, whose faith and wish to serve guided him throughout his career. An engaging public speaker, he gave popular lectures on scientific subjects, and helped found a tradition of scientific education for children and laypeople that continues to this day. Oxford Portraits in Science is an ongoing series of scientific biographies for young adults. Written by top scholars and writers, each biography examines the personality of its subject as well as the thought process leading to his or her discoveries. These illustrated biographies combine accessible technical information with compelling personal stories to portray the scientists whose work has shaped our understanding of the natural world.