Posthumanism in the Age of Humanism

Mind, Matter, and the Life Sciences after Kant

Author: Edgar Landgraf,Gabriel Trop,Leif Weatherby

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing USA

ISBN: 1501335685

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 352

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The literary and scientific renaissance that struck Germany around 1800 is usually taken to be the cradle of contemporary humanism. Posthumanism in the Age of Humanism shows how figures like Immanuel Kant and Johann Wolfgang Goethe as well as scientists specializing in the emerging modern life and cognitive sciences not only established but also transgressed the boundaries of the "human.†? This period so broadly painted as humanist by proponents and detractors alike also grappled with ways of challenging some of humanism's most cherished assumptions: the dualisms, for example, between freedom and nature, science and art, matter and spirit, mind and body, and thereby also between the human and the nonhuman. Posthumanism is older than we think, and the so-called "humanists†? of the late Enlightenment have much to offer our contemporary re-thinking of the human.

A Genealogy of Cyborgothic

Aesthetics and Ethics in the Age of Posthumanism

Author: Dongshin Yi

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351962507

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 172

View: 4079

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In his provocative and timely study of posthumanism, Dongshin Yi adopts an imaginary/imaginative approach to exploring the transformative power of the cyborg, a strategy that introduces balance to the current discourses dominated by the practicalities of technoscience and the dictates of anthropocentrism. Proposing the term "cyborgothic" to characterize a new genre that may emerge from gothic literature and science fiction, Yi introduces mothering as an aesthetic and ethical practice that can enable a posthumanist relationship between human and non-human beings. Yi examines the cyborg's literary manifestations in novels, including The Mysteries of Udolpho, Frankenstein, Dracula, Arrowsmith, and He, She and It, alongside philosophical and critical texts such as Edmund Burke's A Philosophical Enquiry into the Origins of Our ideas of the Sublime and Beautiful, Immanuel Kant's Critique of Judgment, John Stuart Mill's Utilitarianism and System of Logic, William James's essays on pragmatism, ethical treaties on otherness and things, feminist writings on motherhood, and recent studies of posthumanism. Arguing humans imagine the cyborg in ways that are seriously limited by fear of the unknown and current understandings of science and technology, Yi identifies in gothic literature a practice of the beautiful that extends the operation of sensibility, heightened by gothic manifestations or situations, to surrounding objects and people so that new feelings flow in and attenuate fear. In science fiction, which demonstrates how society has accommodated science, Yi locates ethical corrections to the anthropocentric trajectory that such accommodation has taken. Thus, A Genealogy of Cyborgothic imagines a new literary genre that helps envision a cyborg-friendly, non-anthropocentric posthuman society. Encoded with gothic literature's aesthetic embrace of fear and science fiction's ethical criticism of anthropocentrism, the cyborgothic retains the prospective nature of these genres and develops mothering as an aesthetico-ethical practice that both humans and cyborgs should perform.

Human Nature in an Age of Biotechnology

The Case for Mediated Posthumanism

Author: Tamar Sharon

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400775547

Category: Philosophy

Page: 241

View: 6173

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New biotechnologies have propelled the question of what it means to be human – or posthuman – to the forefront of societal and scientific consideration. This volume provides an accessible, critical overview of the main approaches in the debate on posthumanism, and argues that they do not adequately address the question of what it means to be human in an age of biotechnology. Not because they belong to rival political camps, but because they are grounded in a humanist ontology that presupposes a radical separation between human subjects and technological objects. The volume offers a comprehensive mapping of posthumanist discourse divided into four broad approaches—two humanist-based approaches: dystopic and liberal posthumanism, and two non-humanist approaches: radical and methodological posthumanism. The author compares and contrasts these models via an exploration of key issues, from human enhancement, to eugenics, to new configurations of biopower, questioning what role technology plays in defining the boundaries of the human, the subject and nature for each. Building on the contributions and limitations of radical and methodological posthumanism, the author develops a novel perspective, mediated posthumanism, that brings together insights in the philosophy of technology, the sociology of biomedicine, and Michel Foucault’s work on ethical subject constitution. In this framework, technology is neither a neutral tool nor a force that alienates humanity from itself, but something that is always already part of the experience of being human, and subjectivity is viewed as an emergent property that is constantly being shaped and transformed by its engagements with biotechnologies. Mediated posthumanism becomes a tool for identifying novel ethical modes of human experience that are richer and more multifaceted than current posthumanist perspectives allow for. The book will be essential reading for students and scholars working on ethics and technology, philosophy of technology, poststructuralism, technology and the body, and medical ethics.

Posthumanism

Author: Pramod K. Nayar

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0745688578

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 208

View: 976

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This timely book examines the rise of posthumanism as both a material condition and a developing philosophical-ethical project in the age of cloning, gene engineering, organ transplants and implants. Nayar first maps the political and philosophical critiques of traditional humanism, revealing its exclusionary and ‘speciesist’ politics that position the human as a distinctive and dominant life form. He then contextualizes the posthumanist vision which, drawing upon biomedical, engineering and techno-scientific studies, concludes that human consciousness is shaped by its co-evolution with other life forms, and our human form inescapably influenced by tools and technology. Finally the book explores posthumanism’s roots in disability studies, animal studies and bioethics to underscore the constructed nature of ‘normalcy’ in bodies, and the singularity of species and life itself. As this book powerfully demonstrates, posthumanism marks a radical reassessment of the human as constituted by symbiosis, assimilation, difference and dependence upon and with other species. Mapping the terrain of these far-reaching debates, Posthumanism will be an invaluable companion to students of cultural studies and modern and contemporary literature.

Alien Chic

Posthumanism and the Other Within

Author: Neil Badmington

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415310239

Category: Social Science

Page: 203

View: 3433

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Alien Chic provides a cultural history of the alien since the 1950s, asking ourselves why our attitudes to aliens have shifted from fear to affection, and what this can tell us about how we now see ourselves and others. Neil Badmington explores our relationship with aliens, inscribed in films such as The War of the Worlds, Mars Attacks!, Mission to Mars and Independence Day; and how thinkers such as Descartes, Barthes, Freud, Lyotard and Derrida have conceptualised what it means to be human (and post-human). Alien Chic examines the the concept of posthumanism in an age when the lines between what is human and what is non-human are increasingly blurred by advances in science and technology, for example genetic cloning and engineering, and the development of AI and cyborgs. Questioning whether our current embracing of all things 'alien' - in the form of extraterrestrial gadgets or abduction narratives, for instance - stems from a desire to reaffirm ourselves as 'human', this is an original and thought-provoking contribution to the study of posthumanism.

Tod in stiller Nacht

Thomas Andreassons sechster Fall

Author: Viveca Sten

Publisher: Kiepenheuer & Witsch

ISBN: 3462309234

Category: Fiction

Page: 400

View: 3439

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Viveca Stens sechster Bestseller – ein spannender Krimi über falsche Hoffnungen und unermessliche Schande Es ist tiefster Winter auf Sandhamn, ein eisiger Sturm fegt durch die leeren Straßen. An Heiligabend nimmt eine verängstigte Frau das letzte Schiff auf die Insel. Als man ihre gefrorene Leiche am ersten Weihnachtstag vor dem Seglerhotel findet, wird Thomas Andreasson nach Sandhamn gerufen. Die eisige Stille des friedlichen Tages wird jäh gestört, als der leblose Körper einer Frau vor dem Hotel gefunden wird. Die Ermittlungen Thomas Andreassons zeigen, dass es sich bei dem Opfer um eine prominente Kriegsberichterstatterin handelt, die zahlreichen Morddrohungen ausgesetzt war. Fremdenfeindliche Zwischentöne und ein besonders professioneller Mörder machen den Fall für Thomas noch verzwickter. Da geschieht ein zweiter Mord ... In der Zwischenzeit kämpft Thomas’ Jugendfreundin Nora mit ganz anderen Problemen. Ihre berufliche Integrität als Bankjuristin ist infrage gestellt. Schließlich muss sie eine Entscheidung treffen, die ihr ganzes Leben verändern wird. Viveca Sten hat in Deutschland eine riesige Fangemeinde, die gespannt auf weitere Fälle wartet – täglich bekommen wir Post von Fans. Dieser neue Fall wird alle Erwartungen übertreffen ...

Posthuman Suffering and the Technological Embrace

Author: Anthony Miccoli

Publisher: Lexington Books

ISBN: 0739126334

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 141

View: 3916

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Posthuman Suffering investigates the core assumptions of posthumanist discourse via philosophy, cultural studies, psychoanalytic theory, and close textual and filmic readings of Thomas Pynchon's The Crying of Lot 49, Don DeLillo's White Noise and Steven Spielberg's film, AI: Artificial Intelligence, bringing the more ontological and epistemological implications of posthumanism to the forefront. In the age of technology our own limitations are legitimized as unique to the human condition.

Das terrestrische Manifest

Author: Bruno Latour

Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag

ISBN: 3518758047

Category: Political Science

Page: 150

View: 9822

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Eine Serie politischer Unwetter hat die Welt durcheinandergebracht. Die Instrumente, mit denen wir uns früher orientierten, funktionieren nicht mehr. Verstanden wir Politik lange als einen Zeitstrahl, der von einer lokalen Vergangenheit in eine globale Zukunft führen würde, realisieren wir nun, dass der Globus für unsere Globalisierungspläne zu klein ist. Der Weg in eine behütetere Vergangenheit erweist sich ebenfalls als Fiktion. Wir hängen in der Luft, der jähe Absturz droht. In dieser brisanten Situation gilt es zuallererst, wieder festen Boden unter den Füßen zu gewinnen und sich dann neu zu orientieren. Bruno Latour unternimmt den Versuch, die Landschaft des Politischen neu zu vermessen und unsere politischen Leidenschaften auf neue Gegenstände auszurichten. Jenseits überkommener Unterscheidungen wie links und rechts, fortschrittlich und reaktionär plädiert er für eine radikal materialistische Politik, die nicht nur den Produktionsprozess einbezieht, sondern auch die ökologischen Bedingungen unserer Existenz.

The Posthuman Body in Superhero Comics

Human, Superhuman, Transhuman, Post/Human

Author: Scott Jeffery

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137549505

Category: Social Science

Page: 264

View: 9602

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This book examines the concepts of Post/Humanism and Transhumanism as depicted in superhero comics. Recent decades have seen mainstream audiences embrace the comic book Superhuman. Meanwhile there has been increasing concern surrounding human enhancement technologies, with the techno-scientific movement of Transhumanism arguing that it is time humans took active control of their evolution. Utilising Deleuze and Guattari’s notion of the rhizome as a non-hierarchical system of knowledge to conceptualize the superhero narrative in terms of its political, social and aesthetic relations to the history of human technological enhancement, this book draws upon a diverse range of texts to explore the way in which the posthuman has been represented in superhero comics, while simultaneously highlighting its shared historical development with Post/Humanist critical theory and the material techno-scientific practices of Transhumanism.

Architectural Principles in the Age of Cybernetics

Author: Christopher Hight

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134173849

Category: Architecture

Page: 248

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A theoretical history of anthropomorphism and proportion in modern architecture, this volume brings into focus the discourse around proportion with current problems of post-humanism in architecture alongside the new possibilities made available through digital technologies. The book examines how the body and its ordering has served as a central site of architectural discourse in recent decades, especially in attempts to reformulate architecture’s relationship to humanism, modernism and technology. Challenging some concepts and categories of architectural history and situates current debates within a broader cultural and technological context, Hight makes complex ideas easily accessible. Extensively illustrated and written without academic jargon for an informed but non-specialized architectural audience, this book elucidates the often obscure debates of avant-garde architectural discourse and design, while demonstrating how these debates have affected everyday places and concepts of architecture. As a result, it will appeal to professional architects, academics and students, combining as it does an insightful introduction to the fundamental issues of architectural history and theory over the past fifty years with entirely new formulations of what that history is and means.

How We Became Posthuman

Virtual Bodies in Cybernetics, Literature, and Informatics

Author: N. Katherine Hayles

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226321394

Category: Philosophy

Page: 364

View: 8850

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In this age of DNA computers and artificial intelligence, information is becoming disembodied even as the "bodies" that once carried it vanish into virtuality. While some marvel at these changes, envisioning consciousness downloaded into a computer or humans "beamed" Star Trek-style, others view them with horror, seeing monsters brooding in the machines. In How We Became Posthuman, N. Katherine Hayles separates hype from fact, investigating the fate of embodiment in an information age. Hayles relates three interwoven stories: how information lost its body, that is, how it came to be conceptualized as an entity separate from the material forms that carry it; the cultural and technological construction of the cyborg; and the dismantling of the liberal humanist "subject" in cybernetic discourse, along with the emergence of the "posthuman." Ranging widely across the history of technology, cultural studies, and literary criticism, Hayles shows what had to be erased, forgotten, and elided to conceive of information as a disembodied entity. Thus she moves from the post-World War II Macy Conferences on cybernetics to the 1952 novel Limbo by cybernetics aficionado Bernard Wolfe; from the concept of self-making to Philip K. Dick's literary explorations of hallucination and reality; and from artificial life to postmodern novels exploring the implications of seeing humans as cybernetic systems. Although becoming posthuman can be nightmarish, Hayles shows how it can also be liberating. From the birth of cybernetics to artificial life, How We Became Posthuman provides an indispensable account of how we arrived in our virtual age, and of where we might go from here.

Eve

The Empyrean Age

Author: Tony Gonzales

Publisher: Hachette UK

ISBN: 0575085819

Category: Fiction

Page: 528

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A man wakes, trapped inside a cloning vat. He has no idea how he got there, no idea where he is, and no idea who he is. But someone is trying to kill him, and they're about to succeed ... A disgraced Foreign ambassador leaves his post humiliated, and ignored by his superiors, only to meet Ameline - a woman who seems to know everything about him, and an alarming amount about a conspiracy to overthrow the government. And on a back-water world during an economic crisis a worker called Tibus Heth leads a revolt against the corporation which earns him an unexpected and mysterious ally with astounding influence, and an inclination to aid his revolutionary ideas ...

An Introduction to Animals and Visual Culture

Author: R. Malamud

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137009845

Category: Social Science

Page: 167

View: 8802

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A fascinating exploration of the way in which animals are 'framed' - contextualized, decontextualized - in contemporary visual culture. Written in a highly engaging style, this book challenges the field, dealing with some highly controversial aspects of animal exploitation and boldly examines material that is seldom discussed within animal studies.

Versunkene Städte

Roman

Author: Paolo Bacigalupi

Publisher: Heyne Verlag

ISBN: 3641098327

Category: Fiction

Page: 480

View: 965

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Jede Zukunft beginnt mit einer scheinbar unlösbaren Frage ... Unsere Welt ist nicht mehr dieselbe. Nach der Klimakatastrophe und dem Anstieg des Meeresspiegels sind zahlreiche Küstenregionen überflutet. Rohstoffmangel, genetische Manipulationen und politische Wirren haben ihr Übriges getan, um die Welt ins Chaos zu stürzen. Die beiden Kinder Mahlia und Mouse sind Flüchtlinge, die das Gebiet der Versunkenen Städte verlassen wollen – die Gegend, die früher einmal Washington DC genannt wurde. Im angrenzenden Dschungel treffen sie auf einen schwer verletzten Halbmenschen und wollen ihm helfen, als sie von einem Trupp Kindersoldaten entdeckt und voneinander getrennt werden. Auf einmal steht Mahlia vor der schwersten Entscheidung ihres Lebens: Soll sie alles für ihren Freund riskieren? Oder soll sie nach dem einen Ort suchen, an dem Frieden und Freiheit noch möglich zu sein scheinen ...

Ins Freie

Roman

Author: Joshua Ferris

Publisher: Luchterhand Literaturverlag

ISBN: 3641108276

Category: Fiction

Page: 352

View: 7089

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Vor allem kann man davonlaufen. Nur nicht vor den Dämonen des eigenen Ichs Der Anwalt Tim Farnsworth hat alles, was man sich wünschen kann im Leben: Er ist glücklich verheiratet, liebt seine pubertierende Tochter, hat ein schönes Haus und ziemlich viel Erfolg in seinem Beruf. Und doch steht er eines Tages auf und geht fort. Nicht, weil er möchte, sondern weil er muss, weil ihn etwas treibt, das stärker ist als sein Körper, sein Geist und sein Wille. Er macht sich auf den Weg hinaus ins Freie, ohne Rücksicht auf Wetter, Familie oder Job, läuft oft meilenweit, bevor er wieder zu sich kommt. Und er kann sich nicht erklären, warum er zerstört, was er am meisten liebt.

Representations of the Post/human

Monsters, Aliens and Others in Popular Culture

Author: Elaine L. Graham

Publisher: Manchester University Press

ISBN: 9780719054426

Category: Biotechnology

Page: 259

View: 6858

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This work draws together a wide range of literature on contemporary technologies and their ethical implications. It focuses on advances in medical, reproductive, genetic and information technologies.