Power and the State

Author: Martin J. Smith

Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education

ISBN: 1137116129

Category: Political Science

Page: 288

View: 6094

In this important new text, Martin Smith reassesses traditional debates about power and how they understand the nature and impact of the state. He develops an analysis of the new forms of state power that have developed in response to the perceived challenges of globalization and governance.

Power, Knowledge, and Politics

Policy Analysis in the States

Author: John A. Hird

Publisher: Georgetown University Press

ISBN: 9781589013919

Category: Political Science

Page: 256

View: 4151

If knowledge is power, then John Hird has opened the doors for anyone interested in public policymaking and policy analysis on the state level. A beginning question might be: does politics put gasoline or sugar in the tank? More specifically, in a highly partisan political environment, is nonpartisan expertise useful to policymaking? Do policy analysts play a meaningful role in decision making? Does policy expertise promote democratic decision making? Does it vest power in an unelected and unaccountable elite, or does it become co-opted by political actors and circumstances? Is it used to make substantive changes or just for window-dressing? In a unique comparative focus on state policy, Power, Knowledge, and Politics dissects the nature of the policy institutions that policymakers establish and analyzes the connection between policy research and how it is actually used in decision making. Hird probes the effects of politics and political institutions—parties, state political culture and dynamics, legislative and gubernatorial staffing, partisan think tanks, interest groups—on the nature and conduct of nonpartisan policy analysis. Through a comparative examination of institutions and testing theories of the use of policy analysis, Hird draws conclusions that are more useful than those derived from single cases. Hird examines nonpartisan policy research organizations established by and operating in U.S. state legislatures—one of the most intense of political environments—to determine whether and how nonpartisan policy research can survive in that harsh climate. By first detailing how nonpartisan policy analysis organizations came to be and what they do, and then determining what state legislators want from them, he presents a rigorous statistical analysis of those agencies in all 50 states and from a survey of 800 state legislators. This thoroughly comprehensive look at policymaking at the state level concludes that nonpartisan policy analysis institutions can play an important role—as long as they remain scrupulously nonpartisan.

Imperial Power and Popular Politics

Class, Resistance and the State in India, 1850-1950

Author: Rajnarayan Chandavarkar

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521596923

Category: History

Page: 388

View: 9621

In this series of interconnected essays, Rajnarayan Chandavarkar offers a powerful revisionist analysis of the relationship between class and politics in India between the Mutiny and Independence. Dr Chandavarkar rejects the 'Orientalist' view of Indian social and economic development as exceptional and somehow distinct from that prevailing in capitalist societies elsewhere, and reasserts the critical role of the working classes in shaping the pattern of Indian capitalist development. Sustained in argument and elegant in exposition, these essays represent a major contribution not only to the history of the Indian working classes, but to the history of industrial capitalism and colonialism as a whole. Imperial Power and Popular Politics will be essential reading for all scholars and students of recent political, economic, and social history, social theory, and cultural and colonial studies.

Power and Politics in Globalization

The Indispensable State

Author: Howard H. Lentner

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415948852

Category: Political Science

Page: 227

View: 2678

First published in 2004. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

In the Shadow of Power

States and Strategies in International Politics

Author: Robert Powell

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691004570

Category: Political Science

Page: 310

View: 7795

Robert Powell argues persuasively and elegantly for the usefulness of formal models in studying international conflict and for the necessity of greater dialogue between modeling and empirical analysis. Powell makes it clear that many widely made arguments about the way states act under threat do not hold when subjected to the rigors of modeling. In doing so, he provides a more secure foundation for the future of international relations theory. Powell argues that, in the Hobbesian environment in which states exist, a state can respond to a threat in at least three ways: (1) it can reallocate resources already under its control; (2) it can try to defuse the threat through bargaining and compromise; (3) it can try to draw on the resources of other states by allying with them. Powell carefully outlines these three responses and uses a series of game theoretic models to examine each of them, showing that the models make the analysis of these responses more precise than would otherwise be possible. The advantages of the modeling-oriented approach, Powell contends, have been evident in the number of new insights they have made possible in international relations theory. Some argue that these advances could have originated in ordinary-language models, but as Powell notes, they did not in practice do so. The book focuses on the insights and intuitions that emerge during modeling, rather than on technical analysis, making it accessible to readers with only a general background in international relations theory.

Power in Business and the State

An Historical Analysis of Its Concentration

Author: Frank Bealey

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134540094

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 240

View: 1683

It is commonplace that political power is becoming more centralized and remote: faceless people, sometimes in unknown places, determine our circumstances and our opportunities. This ground breaking book argues that this happened through a slow development which began before globalization. Power in Business and the State queries our freedom to make our own history. Current circumstances may be so far from our own choosing that our history is now being made for us, rather than something we control ourselves. Political power is so centralized, and economic power so concentrated, that popular control of democratic government has become increasingly difficult. The sheer magnitude of the author's research underpinning this book, and the uncluttered methodological framework in which it is presented, provides a highly readable text.

Ethnic Politics and State Power in Africa

Author: Philip Roessler

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107176077

Category: Political Science

Page: 420

View: 7490

This book models the trade-off that rulers of weak, ethnically-divided states face between coups and civil war. Drawing evidence from extensive field research in Sudan and the Democratic Republic of the Congo combined with statistical analysis of most African countries, it develops a framework to understand the causes of state failure.

A Political Geography of Latin America

Author: Jonathan R. Barton

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134828071

Category: Science

Page: 264

View: 1731

The nation-states and peoples of South and Central America, Cuba, Haiti and the Dominican Republic, that together form the political geographical region of Latin America, encompass a wide range of societies, politics and economies. This text exposes the differences between places, regions and countries, individuals and societies, offering an invaluable insight into the themes of political and economic development, and provides a guide to understanding power and space relations. From the Antarctic to the tropical jungles, the coastal communities to the highland villages, the mega-cities to isolated rural existence, the political geographies of lives, localities, cities and rurality are too sophisticated to be subjected to generalizations. Adopting a critical human geography perspective, Jonathon Barton provides an understanding of similarities, difference and sophisticated human geographies.

Power and Politics in California

Author: Ken Debow,John C Syer

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317345312

Category: Political Science

Page: 272

View: 3339

Now in its ninth edition,Power and Politics in California continues its tradition of asking Californians to take a hard and systematic look at their state governance, and engage themselves in a critical analysis of what is working, what is not, and what changes need to be made for the state to meet the increasingly formidable challenges it faces.The era of Arnold is now in its mid-stages, and the rise of this very different political personality has had significant impacts on the state. This ninth edition provides analysis of Governor Schwarzenegger in context and looks forward to how California's fiscal condition, educational system, and response to diversity will play a vital role in shaping the state's politics in the future.

The Politics of the World-Economy

The States, the Movements and the Civilizations

Author: Immanuel Wallerstein

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521277600

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 191

View: 2084

In these essays, written (with one exception) between 1978 and 1982, Immanuel Wallerstein elaborates on the political and theoretical implications of the world-systems perspective outlined in his celebrated books The Modern World-System and The Capitalist World-Economy. Whereas those books centred on the historical development of the modern world-system, the essays in this volume explore the nature of world politics in the light of Wallerstein's analysis of the world-system and capitalist world-economy. Throughout, the essays offer new perspectives on the central issues of political debate today: the roles of the USA and the USSR in the world-system, the relations of the Third World states to the capitalist 'core', and the potential for socialist or revolutionary change. Different sections deal with the three major political institutions of the modern world-system: the states, the antisystemic movements, and the civilizations. The states are a classic rubric of political analysis. For Wallerstein, the limits of sovereignty are at least as important as the powers - these limits deriving from the obligatory location of the modern state in the interstate system. Social movements are a second classic rubric. For Wallerstein, the principal questions are the degree to which such movements are antisystemic, and the dilemmas state power poses for antisystemic movements. Civilizations, in contrast, are not normally seen as a political institution. That however is for Wallerstein the key to the analysis of their role in the contemporary world, and thereby a key to understanding the politics of social science.

Politics In The American States: A Comparative Analysis

Author: Virginia Gray,Russell L Hanson

Publisher: CQ Press

ISBN: 1608719987

Category: Political Science

Page: 570

View: 4812

Fully updated--and with new coeditor Thad Kousser--the tenth edition brings together the high caliber research you expect from this trusted text, with comprehensive and comparative analysis of the fifty states. Students will appreciate the book's glossary, the fully up-todate tables and figures, and the maps showcasing comparative data. A companion website includes downloadable graphics and data.

Mapping Power

The Political Economy of Electricity in India’s States

Author: Navroz K. Dubash

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199093741

Category: Political Science

Page: 400

View: 9441

Electricity is critical to enabling India’s economic growth and providing a better future for its citizens. In spite of several decades of reform, the Indian electricity sector is unable to provide high-quality and affordable electricity for all, and grapples with the challenge of poor financial and operational performance. To understand why, Mapping Power provides the most comprehensive analysis of the political economy of electricity in India’s states. With chapters on fifteen states by scholars of state politics and electricity, this volume maps the political and economic forces that constrain and shape decisions in electricity distribution. Contrary to conventional wisdom, it concludes that attempts to depoliticize the sector are misplaced and could worsen outcomes. Instead, it suggests that a historically grounded political economy analysis helps understand the past and devise reforms to simultaneously improve sectoral outcomes and generate political rewards. These arguments have implications for the challenges facing India’s electricity future, including providing electricity to all, implementing government reform schemes, and successfully managing the rise of renewable energy.

State Formation and Political Legitimacy

Author: Ronald Cohen,Judith Drick Toland

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 9781412835060

Category: Political Science

Page: 204

View: 5062

The evolution of the state from earlier forms of political organization is associated with revolutionary changes in the structure of inequality. These magnify distinctions in rank and power that outweigh anything previously known in so-called primitive societies. This volume explains how and why people came to accept and even identify themselves with this new form of authority. The introduction provides a new theory of legitimacy by synthesizing and uniting earlier theories from psychological, cultural-materialist, rational choice, and Marxist approaches. The case studies which follow present a wide range of materials on cultures in both Western and non-Western settings, and across a number of different historical periods. Included are examples from Africa, Asia, Europe, and the New World. Older states such as Ur, Inca, and medieval France are examined along with more contemporary states including Indonesia, Tanzania, and the revolutionary beginnings of the United States. Using a variety of approaches the contributors show in each instance how the state obtained and used its power, then attempted to have its power accepted as the natural order under the protection of supra-naturally ordained authority. No matter how tyrannical or benign, the cases show that state power must be justified by faith and experience that demonstrates its value to the participants. Through such analysis, the book demonstrates that states must be capable of enforcing their rule, but that they cannot deceive populations into accepting state domination. Indeed, the book suggests that social evolution moves toward less coercive rule and increased democratization. Ronald Cohen is a political anthropologist who has taught at the Universities of Toronto, McGill, Northwestern, and Ahmadu Bello, and is on the faculty of the University of Florida. He has carried out field research in Africa, the Arctic and Washington. His major works include The Kanuri of Borno, Dominance and Defiance, Origins of the State, and a book in preparation on food policy and agricultural transformation in Africa. Judith D. Toland is a lecturer at University College, Northwestern University, and the College of Arts and Sciences, Loyola University of Chicago. She is the director of her own corporate and non-profit consulting firm. She has done fieldwork in Ayacucho, Peru and has written widely on the Inca State.

State Power

Author: Bob Jessop

Publisher: Polity

ISBN: 074563320X

Category: Political Science

Page: 301

View: 8339

General Introduction What is the State? A Preliminary Definition of the State 'Putting this Book in its Place' PART I: THEORIZING THE STATE 1. The Development of the Strategic-Relational Approach Three Sources of the Strategic-Relational State Approach The First Phase in the Strategic-Relational Approach The Second Phase of the Strategic-Relational Approach The Third Phase of the Strategic-Relational Approach Interim Strategic-Relational Conclusions 2. Bringing the State Back in (Yet Again) Introduction The Marxist Revival and the Strategic-Relational Approach Strategic-Relational Tendencies in the Second Wave New Directions of Research Conclusions PART II: SOURCES OF THE STRATEGIC-RELATIONAL APPROACH 3. Marx on Political Representation and the State What does The Eighteenth Brumaire accomplish? On Periodization The Political Stage The Social Content of Politics The State Apparatus and Its Trajectory More on Political Representation Conclusions 4. Gramsci on the Geography of State Power Spatializing the Philosophy of Praxis Gramsci and the Southern Question Gramsci on Americanism and Fordism Gramsci on Territoriality and State Power Gramsci and International Relations Conclusions 5. Poulantzas on the State as a Social Relation Marxist Theory and Political Strategy New Methodological Considerations The State and Political Class Struggle The Relational Approach and Strategic Selectivity Re-Reading Poulantzas Exceptional Elements in the Contemporary State Periodizing the Class Struggle The Spatio-Temporal Matrix of the State Conclusions 6. Foucault on State, State Formation, and Statecraft Foucault and the "Crisis of Marxism" Poulantzas and Foucault compared The Analytics of Power versus State Theory Foucault as a Genealogist of Statecraft With Foucault beyond Foucault Conclusions PART III APPLYING THE STRATEGIC-RELATIONAL APPROACH 7. The Gender Selectivities of the State Analyzing Gender Selectivities Gender Selectivities in the State Strategic Selectivity and Strategic Action Political Representation The Architecture of the State Conclusions 8. Spatiotemporal Dynamics and Temporal Sovereignty Globalization Defined Globalization and the Spatial Turn Some Spatio-Temporal Contradictions of Globalizing Capitalism The Implications of Globalization for (National) States Conclusions 9. Multiscalar Metagovernance in the European Union State-Centric Perspectives Governance-Centric Approaches Changes in Statehood in Advanced Capitalist Societies The EU as a Schumpeterian Workfare Post-National Regime The European Union and Multiscalar Metagovernance Conclusions 10. Complexity, Contingent Necessity, Semiosis, and the SRA Complexity and Contingent Necessity Complexity and the Selection of Selections Semiosis and Complexity Reduction Towards a New Strategic-Relational Agenda Conclusions

State, Power and Politics in the Making of the Modern Middle East

Author: Roger Owen

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134432917

Category: Political Science

Page: 296

View: 3232

Roger Owen has fully revised and updated his authoritative text to take into account the latest developments in the Middle East. This book continues to serve as an excellent introduction for newcomers to the modern history and politics of this fascinating region. This third edition continues to explore the emergence of individual Middle Eastern states since the fall of the Ottoman Empire at the end of the First World War and the key themes that have characterized the region since then.

Water, Power and Politics in the Middle East

The Other Israeli-Palestinian Conflict

Author: Jan Sel

Publisher: I.B.Tauris

ISBN: 0857717855

Category: Nature

Page: 224

View: 6797

Water, Power and Politics in the Middle East provides an original and critical analysis of the nature and causes of the Palestinian water crisis. Though much has been written on Middle East water problems, the existing literature tends to reproduce particular assumptions and perspectives. Little is said about structural contexts and constraints, about internal water conflicts, about the difficulties that confront states in controlling their domestic water arenas, or about uncertainties surrounding scientific and technical data. Jan Selby’s important new work exposes the inadequacies of many of the current arguments and raises the profile of issues that have been underplayed. He draws on not just the conventional sources but those that are often omitted - testimonies from local water engineers and administrators, narrative accounts of people’s everyday experiences of water crises, and eyewitness accounts of people’s coping strategies. He argues that the water crisis needs to be approached from a range of scales and perspectives - from the long historical patterns of state formation and development within which water crises emerge, to the practices through which people adapt to water shortages in the course of their everyday interaction - and he frames the problems in relation to broader patterns of politics, political economy, state formation and development. The result is a refreshing and hard-hitting analysis that will interest scholars and practitioners in Middle East studies, water policy, politics and international relations, and environmental management. This original analysis of the Middle East water problems highlights questions and issues which have so far only received minimal attention. The author develops a multi-layered account of the nature and causes of the conflict and the Palestinian water crisis. Each chapter addresses a particular aspect of the Israeli-Palestine water conflict and the author uses these to illustrate both the broader nature of Israeli-Palestinian relations and factors that the existing water literature underplays or simply gets wrong. The book will interest students, scholars and practitioners in a wide range of disciplines including Middle East studies, politics and international relations, water policy, geography, environmental studies and environmental management.

The Managerial State

Power, Politics and Ideology in the Remaking of Social Welfare

Author: John Clarke,Janet Newman

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780803976122

Category: Social Science

Page: 176

View: 6564

This original analysis of the creation of new state forms critically examines the political forces that enabled `more and better management' to be presented as a solution to the problems of the welfare state in Britain. Examining the micro-politics within public service, the authors draw links between politics, policies and organizational power to present an incisive and dynamic account of the restructuring of social welfare. Clarke and Newman expose the tensions and contradictions in the managerial state and trace the emergence of new dilemmas in the provision of public services. They show that these problems are connected to the recurring difficulties in defining `the public' that receives these services. In partic

Comprehensive Modern Political Analysis

Author: N. Jayapalan

Publisher: Atlantic Publishers & Dist

ISBN: 9788126900459


Page: 376

View: 9670

The Book Deals With All Aspects Of Modern Political Analysis In Detail. In This Book The Nature And Scope Of Politics Is Beautifully Described In The First Chapter. In The Following Chapters The Main Features Of The Study I.E., Behaviouralism, Group Theory, Game Theory, Political Culture And Political Socialisation Have Been Discussed In A Clear And Lucid Way. The Chapters On Political Participation And Political Evaluation Have Been Presented In A Pleasing Manner So As To Cater To The Needs Of The Students Of Politics And Public Administration. In The Last Chapter, Theories Of Social Change Highlight The Political Ideas Of Mahatma Gandhi And Mao Tse-Tung In An Excellent Manner. Greater Importance Has Been Given In This Chapter To The Methods Of Gandhiji To Achieve His Ends In All Fields For The Welfare Of The People.

Power Without Force

The Political Capacity of Nation-States

Author: Robert W. Jackman

Publisher: University of Michigan Press

ISBN: 9780472082360

Category: Political Science

Page: 194

View: 7107

DIVExplores the ways states build political capacity; discusses how states learn to resolve conflict politically rather than violently /div