Power, Prayer and Production

The Jola of Casamance, Senegal

Author: Olga F. Linares

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521040358

Category: Philosophy

Page: 284

View: 2302

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The Jola (Diola) are intensive wet-rice cultivators in the Lower Casamance region of Senegal. In this study, the author examines the reasons behind startling contrasts in the organization of agricultural tasks among three Jola communities located within a 45-kilometre radius from Ziguinchor. In Sambujat, situated in the non-Islamisized region south of the river, wet rice is a monocrop cultivated by both men and women. In Jipalom, in the Kajamutay region north of the river, Islam and cash cropping have been adopted; and in Fatiya, in the so-called 'Mandingized' region of the Kalunay, social relations have become hierarchical and this has had profound effects on the cropping system and on the division of labour. The author examines the shift of power relations over time, and their effects on the way in which production has been organized by age and gender, kin and class. Larger issues dealt with are Islamization, women's labour and the introduction of cash cropping. A concluding section places the history of Jola labour relations within the context of the political economy of Senegal.

Faith and Freedom in Galatia and Senegal

The Apostle Paul, Colonists and Sending Gods

Author: Aliou Cissé Niang

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9047428676

Category: Religion

Page: 198

View: 6464

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Seeing Paul as “sociopostcolonial hermeneut” Niang reads Gal 2:11-15 and 3:26-29 as bringing about alternative communities among the colonized Galatians through a countercolonial story of faith that reshapes them into free children of God; a new creation in Christ.

Ecology of Practice

Author: Nyerges

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134387261

Category: Social Science

Page: 259

View: 7034

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First Published in 1998. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Worldmark Encyclopedia of Cultures and Daily Life: Africa

Author: Timothy L. Gall,Jeneen Hobby

Publisher: Gale / Cengage Learning

ISBN: 9781414448831

Category: Reference

Page: 704

View: 7270

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Provides information on more than five hundred cultures of the world, covering twenty different areas of daily life including clothing, food, language, and religion.

Sacred Rice

An Ethnography of Identity, Environment, and Development in Rural West Africa

Author: Joanna Davidson

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780199358687

Category: Climatic changes

Page: 272

View: 643

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Sacred Rice explores the cultural intricacies through which Jola farmers in West Africa are responding to their environmental and economic conditions given the centrality of a crop--rice--that is the lynchpin for their economic, social, religious, and political worlds. Based on more than ten years of author Joanna Davidson's ethnographic and historical research on rural Guinea-Bissau, this book looks at the relationship among people, plants, and identity as it explores how a society comes to define itself through the production, consumption, and reverence of rice. It is a narrative profoundly tied to a particular place, but it is also a story of encounters with outsiders who often mediate or meddle in the rice enterprise. Although the focal point is a remote area of West Africa, the book illuminates the more universal nexus of identity, environment, and development, especially in an era when many people--rural and urban--are confronting environmental changes that challenge their livelihoods and lifestyles.

Seeds and Survival

Crop Genetic Resources in War and Reconstruction in Africa

Author: Paul Richards,Guido Ruivenkamp,Roy van der Drift,International Plant Genetic Resources Institute

Publisher: Bioversity International

ISBN: 9290433493

Category: Crops

Page: 61

View: 6027

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Longing for Exile

Migration and the Making of a Translocal Community in Senegal, West Africa

Author: Michael C. Lambert

Publisher: Heinemann Educational Books

ISBN: 9780325070858

Category: Education

Page: 191

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Based on more than three years of rural and urban ethnographic research, this book is a study of the ways urbanization has become deeply embedded in the social, cultural, and economic life of a Senegalese community.

Money matters

instability, values, and social payments in the modern history of West African communities

Author: Jane I. Guyer

Publisher: Heinemann Educational Publishers

ISBN: 9780435089573

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 331

View: 5320

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By examining currency and value in African communities, this collection highlights ordinary people's conceptions of money, their innovations in its use, and the interactions between indigenous and international monetary systems. Money Matterscomplements the new history of imperialism, suggests fresh ways of analyzing money in developing areas, and contributes to a new economic anthropology of West Africa.

Land, Labour and Entrustment

West African Female Farmers and the Politics of Difference

Author: Pamela Kea

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004182322

Category: Social Science

Page: 218

View: 2430

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Challenging portrayals of West African female farmers as a homogenous group, the present study provides an ethnographic account of the contractual relations established between female hosts and migrants, in the exchange of land and labour for agrarian production in The Gambia.

Masquerades of Modernity

Power and Secrecy in Casamance, Senegal

Author: Ferdinand De Jong

Publisher: Edinburgh University Press

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 228

View: 3460

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How do those on the margins of modernity face the challenges of globalization? This book demonstrates that secrecy is one of the means by which a society on the fringe of modernity produces itself as locality. Focusing on initiation rituals, masked performances and modern art, this study shows that rituals and performances long deemed obsolete, serve the insertion of their performers in the world at their own terms.The Jola and Mandinko people of the Casamance region in Senegal have always used their rituals and performances to incorporate the impact of Islam, colonialism, capitalism, and contemporary politics. Their performances of secrecy have accommodated these modern powers and continue to do so today. The performers incorporate the modern and redefine modernity through secretive practices. Their traditions are not modern inventions, but traditional ways of dealing with modernity.This book will interest anthropologists, historians, political scientists and all those studying how globalisation affects peripheral societies. It shows that secrecy, performed as a weapon of the weak, empowers their performers. Secrecy serves to mark boundaries and define the local in the global.