Practical and Applied Hydrogeology

Author: Zekâi Şen

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0128005815

Category: Science

Page: 424

View: 3285

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Applications in Hydrogeology for Geoscientists presents the most recent scientific developments in the field that are accessible yet rigorous enough for industry professionals and academic researchers alike. A multi-contributed reference that features the knowledge and experience of the field’s experts, the book’s chapters span the full scope of hydrogeology, introducing new approaches and progress in conceptualization, simulation of groundwater flow and transport, and progressive hydro-geophysical methods. Each chapter includes examples of recent developments in hydrogeology, groundwater, and hydrology that are underscored with perspectives regarding the challenges that are facing industry professionals, researchers, and academia. Several sub-themes—including theoretical advances in conceptualization and modeling of hydro-geologic challenges—connect the chapters and weave the topics together holistically. Advances in research are aided by insights arising from observations from both field and laboratory work. Introduces new approaches and progress in hydrogeology, including conceptualization, simulated groundwater flow and transport, and cutting edge hydro-geophysical methods Features more than 100 figures, diagrams, and illustrations to highlight major themes and aid in the retention of key concepts Presents a holistic approach to advances in hydrogeology, from the most recent developments in reservoirs and hydraulics to analytic modeling of transient multi-layer flow and aquifer flow theory Integrates real life data, examples and processes, making the content practical and immediately implementable

Applied Hydrogeology for Scientists and Engineers

Author: Zekai Sen

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1351466062

Category: Science

Page: 464

View: 3839

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In order to properly plan, design, and operate groundwater resources projects, it is necessary to measure - over time or distance - pertinent groundwater variables such as drawdown and discharge in the field. Applied Hydrogeology for Scientists and Engineers shows how to assess and interpret these data by subsurface geological setup and processing. The book helps readers estimate relevant groundwater parameters such as storativity, transmissivity, and leakage coefficient. The text addresses many interrelated disciplines such as geology, hydrology, hydrogeology, engineering, petroleum geology, and water engineering. Traditional and current models for application are presented. One of the unique features of the book is the inclusion of new and previously unpublished ideas, concepts, techniques, approaches, and procedures developed by the author. Among these are hydrogeophysical concepts, slope matching techniques, volumetric approach solution for complicated groundwater flows, non-Darcian flow law applications, aquifer sample functions, dimensionless-type straight line methods, non-linear flow-type curves, discharge calculations from early time-drawdown data, storage coefficient estimation procedure for quasi-steady state flow, and much more. The pitfalls in aquifer test analysis are also detailed. Fractured medium flow adds yet another dimension to the book. Each method is supplemented by actual field data applications from worldwide case studies. Applied Hydrogeology for Scientists and Engineers covers the topics of groundwater reservoirs, the evaluation of aquifer parameters, aquifer and flow properties, flow properties and bore hole tests, aquifer tests in porous and fractured media, well hydraulics, groundwater flow and aquifer tests, and field measurements and their interpretations. This new reference also works well as a post-graduate textbook on the subject. Applied Hydrogeology for Scientists and Engineers expands the reader's knowledge by providing valuable information not found in any other publication.

Applied Drought Modeling, Prediction, and Mitigation

Author: Zekâi Şen

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0128024224

Category: Science

Page: 484

View: 6522

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Applied Drought Modelling, Prediction, and Mitigation provides a practical guide to new and recent methodologies for drought characterizations, change modeling, down-scaling, and future predictions. The modeling procedures covered by the book include recent advancements in regional drought extent, coverage, intensity, and water deficit predictions, which are increasingly significant given current climate change impacts on water resources. Each modeling procedure is explained theoretically prior to the mathematical derivation, and includes book examples, exercises, and case studies that supplement the applied and practical material, thus making the approaches accessible and applicable to the reader. Presents new and recent methodologies for drought characterizations, change modeling, down-scaling, and future predictions Includes online modeling tools to help readers quickly solve drought related problems Presents methodologies, including drought features (duration, intensity, and magnitude) at any desired risk level Include case studies from arid and semi-arid regions

Practical Hydrogeology: Principles and Field Applications, Third Edition

Author: Willis D. Weight

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Education

ISBN: 9781260116892

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 800

View: 2306

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Publisher's Note: Products purchased from Third Party sellers are not guaranteed by the publisher for quality, authenticity, or access to any online entitlements included with the product. Master the latest advances in hydrogeology using this fully updated resource This thoroughly revised guide clearly explains cutting-edge hydrogeology techniques that can be applied in the field. Featuring contributions from leading experts, Practical Hydrogeology: Principles and Field Applications, Third Edition, shows how to plan and conduct site investigations, avoid pitfalls in the field, interpret a wide array of data types gathered, and prepare water-quality reports. You will get complete coverage of key procedures, including aquifer testing, groundwater sampling, water-quality assessment, aquifer characterization, and tracer tests. This third edition has been reorganized and expanded with up-to-date information, a new chapter, review questions, and real-world examples. Coverage includes:•Field hydrogeology•The geology of hydrogeology•Aquifer properties•Groundwater flow•Pumping tests•Slug testing•Aquifer hydraulics•Water chemistry sampling•Groundwater/surface-water interaction•Vadose-zone analysis•Karst hydrogeology and tracer tests•Drilling and well completion

Applied Geophysics in Hydrogeological and Engineering Practice

Author: W.E. Kelly,S. Mareš

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080870359

Category: Science

Page: 288

View: 6777

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Engineering geology and hydrogeology are applied sciences which utilize other applied sciences such as geophysics to solve practical problems. The book is written in the monograph format with seven chapters. The first chapter introduces the engineering and hydrogeological tasks to be discussed in the book. Relations between the physical, geomechanical and hydrogeological parameters are discussed in chapters three and five. Methods for field measurements and interpretation of field data are discussed in chapters four and six. Some special methods not routinely used in current practice are discussed in chapter seven. To illustrate and analyze the various applications, the authors have drawn from the extensive literature including many studies not previously described in english texts. Theoretical analyzes are supplemented by numerous examples. This book is addressed to university students of geology especially engineering geology and hydrogeology, geophysics and earth sciences, and post graduate, reseachers, and practising engineering geologists, geotechnical engineers, and hydrogeologists.

Practical Problems in Groundwater Hydrology

Author: E. Scott Bair,Terry D. Lahm

Publisher: Prentice Hall

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 168

View: 2477

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This is the first groundwater hydrology book composed entirely of genuine, applied problems covering a range of groundwater hydrology topics. Includes 21 exercises that help sharpen quantitative skills, require data analysis and concept exploration, and incorporate current image and graphic technologies. Uses a unique case-study approach to common groundwater problems and current situations; applies exercises to well-documented case studies that use intriguing story lines to provide a central issue for each exercise. Features EXCEL based problems, encouraging readers to apply concepts to complete the exercises with immediate graphical and quantitative feedback. A useful reference for groundwater engineers.

Practical Handbook of Soil, Vadose Zone, and Ground-Water Contamination

Assessment, Prevention, and Remediation, Second Edition

Author: J. Russell Boulding,Jon S. Ginn

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420032147

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 728

View: 2440

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A synthesis of years of interdisciplinary research and practice, the second edition of this bestseller continues to serve as a primary resource for information on the assessment, remediation, and control of contamination on and below the ground surface. Practical Handbook of Soil, Vadose Zone, and Ground-Water Contamination: Assessment, Prevention, and Remediation, Second Edition includes important new developments in site characterization and soil and ground water remediation that have appeared since 1995. Presented in an easy-to-read style, this book serves as a comprehensive guide for conducting complex site investigations and identifying methods for effective soil and ground water cleanup. Remediation engineers, ground water and soil scientists, regulatory personnel, researchers, and field investigators can access the latest data and summary tables to illustrate key advantages and disadvantages of various remediation methods.

Nuclear Geophysics

Applications in Hydrology, Hydrogeology, Engineering Geology, Agriculture and Environmental Science

Author: V.I. Ferronsky

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 331912451X

Category: Science

Page: 522

View: 4434

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The fundamentals of methods in nuclear geophysics and their practical applications in engineering geology, hydrology, hydrogeology, agriculture and environmental science are discussed in this book. The methods and apparatus based on absorption and scattering of gamma and neutron radiation for determination of density and soil moisture in natural conditions are presented in Chapters 2, 3, and 4. The theoretical fundamentals and installations of the penetration logging techniques where gamma, gamma-gamma and neutron logging in combination with static penetration form common complexes for engineering geology and hydrogeology exploration without boring holes are described. The developed constructions and practical use penetration logging installations for applications on land and marine shelves are described in Chapters 5, 6, 7, and 8. The physical fundamentals for the use of the natural stable and radioactive isotopes for study of the global hydrological cycle are provided. The experimental data, origin and distribution of cosmogenic and radiogenic isotopes in the oceans, atmospheric moisture, surface and underground waters are presented in Chapters 9, 10, and 11. The sources and conditions of the radioactive contamination of the natural waters are discussed in Chapters 12 and 13. This book will be of interest to scientists and researchers who use nuclear geophysics methods in engineering geology, hydrology, hydrogeology and hydrogeoecology. Lecturers, students, and postgraduates in these subjects will also find it useful.

Applied Stochastic Hydrogeology

Author: Yoram Rubin

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780198031543

Category: Science

Page: 416

View: 8063

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Stochastic Subsurface Hydrogeology is the study of subsurface, geological heterogeneity, and its effects on flow and transport process, using probabilistic and geostatistical concepts. This book presents a rational, systematic approach for analyzing and modeling subsurface heterogeneity, and for modeling flow and transport in the subsurface, and for prediction and decision-making under uncertainty. The book covers the fundamentals and practical aspects of geostatistics and stochastic hydrogeology, coupling theoretical and practical aspects, with examples, case studies and guidelines for applications, and provides a summary and review of the major developments in these areas.

Manual of Applied Field Hydrogeology

Author: Willis D. Weight,John L. Sonderegger

Publisher: McGraw Hill Professional

ISBN: 9780070696396

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 608

View: 6716

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Stay leagues ahead with this hands-on guide to practicing field hydrogeology For actual procedures and real-world decisions not explained in textbooks, look to The Manual of Applied Field Hydrogeology. Expert authors Willis Weight and John Songeregger provide plenty of practical examples to help you: Stay on top of what can go wrong, and prevent mishaps, injuries, and disasters Investigate contamination at hazardous waste sites safely and accurately Provide prescriptions for site cleanup Assess the quality and the quantity of an aquifer Work with mining operations on both contamination prevention and new water sources Design a single-well pumping test that's as effective as multiple wells Locate sources of groundwater Take a groundwater sample Log a drill hole Install a monitoring well Analyze a slug test More!

Applied Hydrogeology of Fractured Rocks

Author: B. B. S. Singhal,R. P. Gupta,Ravi P. Gupta

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780412758300

Category: Science

Page: 400

View: 9811

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Hydrology is a topical and growing subject, as the earth's water resources become scarcer and more vulnerable. Although more than half the surface area of continents is covered with hard fractured rocks, there has until now been no single book available dealing specifically with fractured rock hydrogeology. This book deals comprehensively with the fundamental principles for understanding these rocks, as well as with exploration techniques and assessment. It also provides in-depth discussion of structural mapping, remote sensing, geophysical exploration, GIS, field hydraulic testing, groundwater quality and contamination, geothermal reservoirs, and resources assessment and management. Hydrogeological aspects of various lithology groups, including crystalline rocks, volcanic rocks, carbonate rocks and clastic formations, are dealt with separately, using and discussing examples from all over the world. Applied Hydrogeology of Fractured Rocks will be an invaluable reference source for postgraduate students, researchers, exploration scientists, and engineers engaged in the field of groundwater development in fractured rock areas.

Fractured Rock Hydrogeology

Author: John M. Sharp

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1315778823

Category: Science

Page: 408

View: 1403

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Fractured rocks extend over much of the world, cropping out in shields, massifs, and the cores of major mountain ranges. They also form the basement below younger sedimentary rocks; at depth; they represent a continuous environment of extended and deep regional groundwater flow. Understanding of groundwater flow and solute transport in fractured rocks is vital for analysis of water resources, water quality and environmental protection, geotechnical and engineering projects, and geothermal energy production. Book chapters include theoretical and practical analyses using numerical modelling, geochemistry, isotopes, aquifer tests, laboratory tests, field mapping, geophysics, geological analyses, and some unique combinations of these types of investigation. Current water resource and geotechnical problems in many countries—and the techniques now used to address them—are also discussed. The importance of geological interpretation is re-emphasised in analysing the hydrogeology of fractured, mostly crystalline rocks and in how critical this is for understanding their hydrology and the wise utilisation of resources. This is indeed hydrogeology in its broadest sense. The importance of, but great difficulty in, extending or upscaling fractured rock hydraulic properties is also made clear. This book is aimed at practicing hydrogeologists, engineers, ecologists, resource managers, and perhaps most importantly, students and earth scientists not yet familiar with the ubiquity and importance of fractured rock systems.

Introduction to Geostatistics

Applications in Hydrogeology

Author: P. K. Kitanidis

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521587471

Category: Science

Page: 249

View: 2603

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Introduction to Geostatistics presents practical techniques for engineers and applied geophysicists who routinely encounter interpolation and estimation problems when analyzing data from field observations. Requiring no background in statistics, and with a unique approach that synthesizes classic and geostatistical methods, this book presents linear estimation methods for practitioners and advanced students. Well illustrated with exercises and worked examples, taken from hydrogeology Introduction to Geostatistics is suitable for graduate-level courses in earth sciences and environmental engineering, and also for self-study.

Ground-Water Microbiology and Geochemistry

Author: Frank Chapelle

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780471348528

Category: Nature

Page: 477

View: 3886

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Up-to-date coverage and a unique, multidisciplinary approach The ongoing effort to protect our valuable ground-water resources necessarily involves scientists and engineers from many disciplines. Ground-Water Microbiology and Geochemistry, Second Edition is designed to bridge the historical lack of communication among these disciplines by detailing-in language that cuts across specialties-the impact of microorganisms and microbial processes on ground-water systems. Carefully revised to reflect the many recent discoveries that have been made in the field, the Second Edition begins with an overview of microbiology, ideal for hydrologists and others who may lack formal training in the field. These initial chapters systematically cover the kinds of microorganisms found in subsurface environments, focusing on their growth, metabolism, genetics, and ecology. The second part of the book offers a hydrologic perspective on how microbial processes affect ground-water geochemistry in pristine systems. It also introduces the different classes of ground-water systems, and gives an overview of techniques for sampling subsurface environments. Readers gain an understanding of biogeochemical cycling in ground-water systems-in coverage unique to this book-and how ground-water chemistry can be used to study microbial processes in aquifer systems. The final section of the book deals with the biodegradation of human-introduced contaminants in ground-water systems, with an up-to-date review of the physiology, biochemistry, and redox conditions that favor biodegradation processes. Ground-Water Microbiology and Geochemistry, Second Edition is important reading for geoscientists, hydrologists, and environmental engineers, as well as for water planners and lawyers involved in environmental issues. It also serves as a compelling text for upper-level undergraduate and graduate courses in ground-water chemistry.

Tracers and Modelling in Hydrogeology

TraM'2000 ; Proceedings of TraM'2000, the International Conference on Tracers and Modelling in Hydrogeology Held at Liège, Belgium, in May 2000

Author: Alain Dassargues

Publisher: IAHS Press

ISBN: 9781901502213

Category: Groundwater flow

Page: 571

View: 6897

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Subsurface Solute Transport Models and Case Histories

With Applications to Radionuclide Migration

Author: Vyacheslav G. Rumynin

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400713061

Category: Science

Page: 815

View: 5274

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The book addresses the development of the basic knowledge of the subsurface solute transfer with a particular emphasis on field data collection and analysis coupled with modeling (analytical and numerical) tool application. The relevant theoretical developments are concerned mainly with the formulation and solution of deterministic mass-transport equations for a wide range of engineering issues in groundwater quality assessment and forecasting. The book gives many computational examples and case studies drawn from the conducted field investigations. The analyzed problems are as follows: investigation and prediction of groundwater contamination by industrial contaminants and solutions (radionuclides, chloride and nitrate brine) with special focus on the effect of (a) aquifer heterogeneity, anisotropy, and dual porosity, (b) density contrast existing between industrial waste and groundwater, or in density-stratified artesian and coastal groundwater systems; (c) physicochemical interactions that play a major role in retarding (e.g. adsorption) or enhancing (e.g. interactions between dissolved species and mobile colloids) contaminant transport; prediction of the effects of pumping on groundwater quality at wellfields; groundwater dating using stable and radioactive isotopes for prediction and assessment of contamination potential; field and laboratory tests’ design and analysis, and monitoring data interpretation; partitioning of surface and subsurface flows using isotope techniques. One of the most essential topics addressed in the book is the migration and fate of radionuclides. Model development is motivated by field data analysis from a number of radioactively contaminated sites in the Russian Federation: near-surface radioactive waste disposal sites and deep-well radioactive waste injection sites. They play a unique role in the advancement of knowledge of the subsurface behavior and fate of many hazardous radionuclides and can be considered as field-scale laboratories. Thus, the book, along with theoretical findings, contains field information, which will facilitate the understanding of subsurface solute transport and the development of a methodology for practical applications to groundwater hydrology.

Applied groundwater hydrology

a British perspective

Author: Richard Allen Downing,W. B. Wilkinson

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: N.A

Category: Religion

Page: 340

View: 9935

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Hydrogeology is a crucial and increasingly topical subject. Groundwater is one of the world's most vital resources, providing a large proportion of the water supplies in many countries. Although naturally of very high quality, groundwater is being insidiously polluted by the careless andignorant actions of man. This book reflects the concern of specialists about the deterioration of groundwater quality as a result of waste disposal, acid rain, drainage, and agricultural practices. It discusses the feasibility of harnessing geothermal energy and the repercussions of deep disposal of nuclear waste. Recentresearch and practical methodologies used in hydrogeology are described, and consideration is given to recent management changes in the water industry and the integration of groundwater development with other water sources. This book will be of interest to all who are concerned with the developmentof groundwater resources and with maintaining their quality.

Applied Chemical Hydrogeology

Author: Alan E. Kehew

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 368

View: 9386

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Offers an overall introduction to the field of chemical hydrology, useful to professionals from a wide variety of training backgrounds. Provides working professionals with an all-in-one source of reference to hydrogeological literature. Brings together basic concepts from organic chemistry and microbiology to support their applications to hydrogeology and presents examples from the literature that use these concepts. The emphasis is on practical, real-world problems, with coverage of the theoretical basics but a focus on applications. For hydrogeologists, environmental scientists, environmental specialists, soil scientists, and hydrologists.