Practical meta-analysis

Author: Mark W. Lipsey,David B. Wilson

Publisher: Sage Publications, Inc

ISBN: 9780761921677

Category: Social Science

Page: 247

View: 6878

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What research designs and methodological features qualify a study for meta-analysis and which disqualify it? What types of research reports are appropriate for the meta-analysis? What is the cultural and linguistic range of the studies to be included? By integrating and translating the current methodological and statistical work into a practical guide, the authors address these questions to provide readers with a state-of-the-art introduction to the various approaches to doing meta-analysis. Through the use of a simple metaphor, that of meta-analysis as a form of survey research in which research reports, rather than individual people, are surveyed, the authors show readers how to develop a coding form for their meta-analysis, how to select and gather various research reports for the study, how to code the appropriate information about each study's characteristics, and how to analyze the resulting data using various software packages.

Applied Meta-analysis for Social Science Research

Author: Noel A. Card

Publisher: Guilford Press

ISBN: 1609184998

Category: Psychology

Page: 377

View: 2943

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Offering pragmatic guidance for planning and conducting a meta-analytic review, this book is written in an engaging, nontechnical style that makes it ideal for graduate course use or self-study. The author shows how to identify questions that can be answered using meta-analysis, retrieve both published and unpublished studies, create a coding manual, use traditional and unique effect size indices, and write a meta-analytic review. An ongoing example illustrates meta-analytic techniques. In addition to the fundamentals, the book discusses more advanced topics, such as artifact correction, random- and mixed-effects models, structural equation representations, and multivariate procedures. User-friendly features include annotated equations; discussions of alternative approaches; and "Practical Matters" sections that give advice on topics not often discussed in other books, such as linking meta-analytic results with theory and the utility of meta-analysis software programs.

Handbuch Methoden der empirischen Sozialforschung

Author: Nina Baur,Jörg Blasius

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3531189395

Category: Social Science

Page: 1086

View: 7123

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Das Handbuch ist das erste im deutschen Sprachraum, in dem qualitative und quantitative Methoden gleichberechtigt dargestellt werden und in dem systematisch nach Gemeinsamkeiten und Unterschieden hinsichtlich Problemen, Prinzipien, Vorgehensweisen, Standards und Gütekriterien für beide Forschungstraditionen gefragt wird. Um diese Fragen zu beantworten, diskutieren ausgewiesene Experten in 88 Beiträgen den aktuellen Stand der Forschung und bieten Forschenden, Lehrenden und Studierenden einen detaillierten Überblick über die verschiedenen Methoden der empirischen Sozialforschung. Ein besonderer Schwerpunkt liegt dabei auf der Datenerhebung, also auf standardisierten und offenen Befragungen, aber es werden auch viele weitere aktuell verwendete Datentypen vorgestellt.

Meta-analysis: Oxford Bibliographies Online Research Guide

Author: Oxford University Press

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780199802517

Category: Social Science

Page: 24

View: 9650

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This ebook is a selective guide designed to help scholars and students of social work find reliable sources of information by directing them to the best available scholarly materials in whatever form or format they appear from books, chapters, and journal articles to online archives, electronic data sets, and blogs. Written by a leading international authority on the subject, the ebook provides bibliographic information supported by direct recommendations about which sources to consult and editorial commentary to make it clear how the cited sources are interrelated related. A reader will discover, for instance, the most reliable introductions and overviews to the topic, and the most important publications on various areas of scholarly interest within this topic. In social work, as in other disciplines, researchers at all levels are drowning in potentially useful scholarly information, and this guide has been created as a tool for cutting through that material to find the exact source you need. This ebook is a static version of an article from Oxford Bibliographies Online: Social Work, a dynamic, continuously updated, online resource designed to provide authoritative guidance through scholarship and other materials relevant to the study and practice of social work. Oxford Bibliographies Online covers most subject disciplines within the social science and humanities, for more information visit www.aboutobo.com.

Publication Bias in Meta-Analysis

Prevention, Assessment and Adjustments

Author: Hannah R. Rothstein,Alexander J. Sutton,Michael Borenstein

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 047087015X

Category: Mathematics

Page: 374

View: 4810

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Publication bias is the tendency to decide to publish a study based on the results of the study, rather than on the basis of its theoretical or methodological quality. It can arise from selective publication of favorable results, or of statistically significant results. This threatens the validity of conclusions drawn from reviews of published scientific research. Meta-analysis is now used in numerous scientific disciplines, summarizing quantitative evidence from multiple studies. If the literature being synthesised has been affected by publication bias, this in turn biases the meta-analytic results, potentially producing overstated conclusions. Publication Bias in Meta-Analysis examines the different types of publication bias, and presents the methods for estimating and reducing publication bias, or eliminating it altogether. Written by leading experts, adopting a practical and multidisciplinary approach. Provides comprehensive coverage of the topic including: Different types of publication bias, Mechanisms that may induce them, Empirical evidence for their existence, Statistical methods to address them, Ways in which they can be avoided. Features worked examples and common data sets throughout. Explains and compares all available software used for analysing and reducing publication bias. Accompanied by a website featuring software, data sets and further material. Publication Bias in Meta-Analysis adopts an inter-disciplinary approach and will make an excellent reference volume for any researchers and graduate students who conduct systematic reviews or meta-analyses. University and medical libraries, as well as pharmaceutical companies and government regulatory agencies, will also find this invaluable.

Concise Epidemiologic Principles and Concepts

Guidelines for Clinicians and Biomedical Researchers

Author: Laurens Holmes, Jr.; Franklin Opara

Publisher: AuthorHouse

ISBN: 1491810025

Category: Science

Page: 338

View: 9709

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This textbook describes the basics of research in medical, clinical, and biomedical settings as well as the concepts and application of epidemiologic designs in research conduct. Design transcends statistical techniques, and no matter how sophisticated a statistical modeling, errors of design/sampling cannot be corrected. The authors of this textbook have presented a complex field in a very simplified and reader-friendly manner with the intent that such presentation will facilitate the understanding of design process and epidemiologic thinking in clinical and biomedical research. Covers these relevant topics in epidemiology: Case-Cohort Design Prospective Case-Control Quantitative Evidence Synthesis (QES) Instant Cohort Design & Case-Crossover Design Effect Modification & Interaction Epidemiologic Tree - Molecular Epidemiology & Health Disparities Epidemiologic Challenge – “Big Data”, mHealth, Social Media 3 “Ts” - Team Science, Transdisciplinary Research, Translational Research Bias, Random error, Confounding Systems Science & Evidence Discovery Research is presented as an exercise around measurement, with measurement error inevitable in its conduct—hence the inherent uncertainties of all findings in clinical and biomedical research. Concise Epidemiologic Principles and Concepts covers research conceptualization, namely research objectives, questions, hypothesis, design, implementation, data collection, analysis, results, and interpretation. While the primary focus of epidemiology is to assess the relationship between exposure (risk or predisposing factor) and outcome (disease or health-related event), causal association is presented in a simplified manner, including the role of quantitative evidence synthesis (meta-analysis) in causal inference. Epidemiology has evolved over the past three decades resulting in several fields being developed. This text presents in brief the perspectives and future of epidemiology in the era of the molecular basis of medicine. With molecular epidemiology, we are better equipped with tools to identify molecular biologic indicators of risk as well as biologic alterations in the early stages of disease.

The Handbook of Social Work Research Methods

Author: Bruce Thyer

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1452278881

Category: Social Science

Page: 672

View: 6112

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Click on the Supplements tab above for further details on the different versions of SPSS programs. The canonical Handbook is completely updated with more student-friendly features The Handbook of Social Work Research Methods is a cutting-edge volume that covers all the major topics that are relevant for Social Work Research methods. Edited by Bruce Thyer and containing contributions by leading authorities, this Handbook covers both qualitative and quantitative approaches as well as a section that delves into more general issues such as evidence based practice, ethics, gender, ethnicity, International Issues, integrating both approaches, and applying for grants. New to this Edition More content on qualitative methods and mixed methods More coverage of evidence-based practice More support to help students effectively use the Internet A companion Web site at www.sagepub.com/thyerhdbk2e containing a test bank and PowerPoint slides for instructors and relevant SAGE journal articles for students. This Handbook serves as a primary text in the methods courses in MSW programs and doctoral level programs. It can also be used as a reference and research design tool for anyone doing scholarly research in social work or human services.

Rehabilitation Research - E-Book

Principles and Applications

Author: Russell Carter,Jay Lubinsky,Elizabeth Domholdt

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0323290965

Category: Medical

Page: 512

View: 7372

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Covering the full range of rehabilitation research with a clear, easy-to-understand approach, this resource will help you analyze and apply research to practice. Rehabilitation Research: Principles and Applications examines traditional experimental designs as well as nonexperimental and emerging approaches, including qualitative research, single-system design, outcomes research, and survey research. Clinical case studies and references will enhance your skills as a scientist-practitioner. Written by noted educators Russell Carter and Jay Lubinsky, this book emphasizes evidence-based practice within physical therapy, occupational therapy, and other rehabilitation professions. Discipline-specific examples are drawn from three major fields: physical therapy, occupational therapy, and speech-language pathology. Unique! Coverage of non-experimental research includes chapters on clinical case reports and qualitative research, so you can understand a wide range of research methods and when it is most appropriate to use each type. Expanded Single-Subject Design chapter provides a more thorough explanation and examples of multiple baselines, alternating treatments, and interactions -- designs that can be use in everyday clinical practice. Finding Research Literature chapter includes step-by-step descriptions of literature searches within different rehab professions. Student resources on a companion Evolve website allow you to review important concepts with exercises and discussion questions, research article analyses, and a downloadable spreadsheet. Unique! New Evidence-Based Practice chapter provides an overview of the important concepts of EBP and the WHO model of health and disease. Discussion questions on the companion Evolve website provide you with ideas for further study. Unique! Research article analyses on Evolve provide more in-depth analysis and demonstrate the writing style you should employ. New authors Russell Carter and Jay Lubinsky bring an interdisciplinary focus and a stronger emphasis on evidence-based practice.

Public Communication Campaigns

Author: Ronald E. Rice,Charles K. Atkin

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1452289786

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 392

View: 4128

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In this new, fully revised and expanded fourth edition of Public Communication Campaigns, Rice and Atkin provide readers with a comprehensive, up-to-date look into the field of public communication campaigns. The subject of campaigns has become increasingly high profile in the academic world in the decade since the last edition, and hundreds of new studies on campaign theory and practice have been published since 2001. Largely rewritten to reflect the latest theories and research, this text continues in the tradition of ongoing improvement and expansion into new areas.

The Psychology Research Handbook

A Guide for Graduate Students and Research Assistants

Author: Frederick T. L. Leong,James T. Austin

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 0761930221

Category: Psychology

Page: 516

View: 6441

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A comprehensive, easy-to-understand guide to the entire research process, this book quickly and efficiently equips advanced students and research assistants to conduct a full-scale investigation. The book is organized around the idea of a 'research script' that is, it follows the standard mode of research planning and design, data collection and analysis, and results writing. The volume contains 35 chapters, some co-authored by advanced graduate students who give their fellow students a touch of the 'real world' adding to the clarity and practicality of many chapters.

Oxford Handbook of Clinical Geropsychology

Author: Nancy A. Pachana,Ken Laidlaw

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191029106

Category: Psychology

Page: 600

View: 664

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Throughout the world, the population of older adults continues to grow. The rise in geriatric populations has seen an increase in research on clinical diagnostic, assessment, and treatment issues aimed at this population. Clinical geropsychologists have increased their interest both in providing mental health services as well as developing approaches to improve quality of life for all older adults. The Oxford Handbook of Clinical Geropsychology is a landmark publication in this field, providing broad and authoritative coverage of the research and practice issues in clinical geropsychology today, as well as innovations expanding the field's horizons. Comprising chapters from the foremost scholars in clinical geropsychology from around the world, the handbook captures the global proliferation of activity in this field. In addition to core sections on topics such as sources of psychological distress, assessment, diagnosis, and intervention, the handbook includes valuable chapters devoted to methodological issues such as longitudinal studies and meta-analyses in the field, as well as new and emerging issues such as technological innovations and social media use in older populations. Each chapter offers a review of the most pertinent international literature, outlining current issues as well as important cultural implications and key practice issues where relevant, and identifying possibilities for future research and policy applications. The book is essential to all psychology researchers, practitioners, educators, and students with an interest in the mental health of older adults. In addition, health professionals - including psychiatrists, social workers, mental health nurses, and trainee geriatric mental heatlh workers - will find this a invaluable resource. Older adults comprise a growing percentage of the population worldwide. Clinical psychologists with an interest in older populations have increased the amount of research and applied knowledge about effectively improving mental health later in life, and this book captures that information on an international level. The book addresses how to diagnose, assess and treat mental illness in older persons, as well as ways to improve quality of life in all older persons. It has a great breadth of coverage of the area, including chapters spanning how research is conducted to how new technologies such as virtual reality and social media are used with older people to improve mental health. The book would appeal to all psychology researchers, practitioners, educators and students with an interest in the mental health of older adults. It would also appeal to other health professionals, including psychiatrists, social workers, and mental health nurses who work with older people. It is a valuable resource for trainee geriatric mental health workers because it highlights key readings and important practice implications in the field.

Social Work Practice Research for the Twenty-First Century

Author: Anne E. Fortune,Philip McCallion,Katharine Briar-Lawson

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231512643

Category: Social Science

Page: 320

View: 3909

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Social work professionals must demonstrate their effectiveness to legislators and governments, not to mention clients and incoming practitioners. A thorough evaluation of the activities, ethics, and outcomes of social work practice is critical to maintaining investment and interest in the profession and improving the lives of underserved populations. Incorporating the concerns of a new century into a consideration of models for practice research, this volume builds on the visionary work of William J. Reid (1928-2003) who transformed social work research through empirically based and task-centered approaches-and, more recently, synthesized intervention knowledge for framing future study. This collection reviews the task-centered model and other contemporary Evidence-Based Practice models for working with individuals, families, groups, communities, and organizations. Essays demonstrate the value of these pragmatic approaches in the United States and international settings. Contributors summarize state-of-the-art methods in several key fields of service, including children and families, aging, substance abuse, and mental health. They also evaluate the research movement itself, outlining an agenda for today's sociopolitical landscape and the profession. This volume inspires practice research to prioritize evidence as a base for the profession.

The SAGE Handbook of Nonverbal Communication

Author: Valerie Manusov,Miles L. Patterson

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9781412904049

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 587

View: 3861

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This Handbook provides an up-to-date discussion of the central issues in nonverbal communication and examines the research that informs these issues. Editors Valerie Manusov and Miles Patterson bring together preeminent scholars, from a range of disciplines, to reveal the strength of nonverbal behavior as an integral part of communication.

Meta-Study of Qualitative Health Research

A Practical Guide to Meta-Analysis and Meta-Synthesis

Author: Barbara L. Paterson

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780761924159

Category: Medical

Page: 162

View: 8094

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Meta-study is an exciting new opportunity for the analysis and synthesis of qualitative research findings. Over the last two decades, a wide range of methods and approaches originating from the social and health sciences have provided a wealth of new knowledge sources from which to develop theory. This book provides step-by-step directions for how to conduct a meta-study, as well as recommendations for tools and standards for the application of this approach. Meta-study entails an exhaustive analysis of the theory, method, and findings of research in a substantive area. These analytic processes form the foundation upon which a credible synthesis of new knowledge can be explored. Meta-study permits investigators to: { look beyond individual findings { critically interpret variations and contradictions in the body of available research { move toward the potential for knowledge synthesis The authors of this timely volume: { differentiate between meta-analysis and meta-synthesis { write in a how-to style { illustrate each step with examples from their own meta-study projects in the substantive field of chronic illness { use their own experience with performing a meta-study to explain the process, including past mistakes and retrospective insight

Wellbeing: A Complete Reference Guide, Interventions and Policies to Enhance Wellbeing

Author: Felicia A. Huppert,Cary L. Cooper

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118716167

Category: Psychology

Page: 704

View: 8772

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Using an evidence-based approach and case studies from a widerange of life domains, Interventions and Policies to EnhanceWellbeing examines the most successful existing strategies topromote wellbeing and mental health. Discusses the results of the latest research in the science ofwellbeing and their implications for improved learning, creativity,productivity, relationships, and health Covers interventions for individuals across the lifespan, aswell as those for organizations, communities, and entirepopulations Looks at policy initiatives and approaches with a focus on theintegration of new technology and the role of the media Part of the six-volume Wellbeing: A Complete ReferenceGuide, which brings together leading research from across thesocial sciences

Research Methods in Second Language Acquisition

A Practical Guide

Author: Alison Mackey,Susan M. Gass

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1444347322

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 272

View: 4478

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Research Methods in Second Language Acquisition: A Practical Guideis an informative guide to research design and methodology for graduate students and scholars. Each chapter of this volume offers background, step-by-step guidance, and relevant studies to create comprehensive coverage of each method. Includes chapters by expert scholars on an array of topics, including second language writing and reading, meta-analyses, research replication, qualitative data collection and analysis, and more Includes feature boxes in each chapter highlighting relevant research studies, discussion questions and suggested further readings Utilizes research methods and tools from varied fields of study including education, linguistics, psychology, and sociology

Evaluation Theory, Models, and Applications

Author: Daniel L. Stufflebeam,Chris L. S. Coryn

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118870220

Category: Education

Page: 800

View: 9008

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The golden standard evaluation reference text Now in its second edition, Evaluation Theory, Models, andApplications is the vital text on evaluation models, perfectfor classroom use as a textbook, and as a professional evaluationreference. The book begins with an overview of the evaluation fieldand program evaluation standards, and proceeds to cover the mostwidely used evaluation approaches. With new evaluation designs andthe inclusion of the latest literature from the field, thisSecond Edition is an essential update for professionals andstudents who want to stay current. Understanding and choosingevaluation approaches is critical to many professions, andEvaluation Theory, Models, and Applications, Second Editionis the benchmark evaluation guide. Authors Daniel L. Stufflebeam and Chris L. S. Coryn, widelyconsidered experts in the evaluation field, introduce and describe23 program evaluation approaches, including, new to this edition,transformative evaluation, participatory evaluation, consumerfeedback, and meta-analysis. Evaluation Theory, Models, andApplications, Second Edition facilitates the process ofplanning, conducting, and assessing program evaluations. Thehighlighted evaluation approaches include: Experimental and quasi-experimental design evaluations Daniel L. Stufflebeam's CIPP Model Michael Scriven's Consumer-Oriented Evaluation Michael Patton's Utilization-Focused Evaluation Robert Stake's Responsive/Stakeholder-Centered Evaluation Case Study Evaluation Key readings listed at the end of each chapter direct readers tothe most important references for each topic. Learning objectives,review questions, student exercises, and instructor supportmaterials complete the collection of tools. Choosing fromevaluation approaches can be an overwhelming process, butEvaluation Theory, Models, and Applications, Second Editionupdates the core evaluation concepts with the latest research,making this complex field accessible in just one book.

Evaluation

A Systematic Approach

Author: Peter H. Rossi,Mark W. Lipsey,Gary T. Henry

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1506307876

Category: Social Science

Page: 360

View: 4831

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The long-awaited new edition is here! Evaluation: A Systematic Approach, by Peter H. Rossi, Mark W. Lipsey, and Gary T. Henry, is the best-selling comprehensive introduction to the field of program evaluation, covering the range of evaluation research activities used in appraising the design, implementation, effectiveness, and efficiency of social programs. Evaluation domains are presented in a coherent framework that not only explores each, but recognizes their interrelationships, their role in improving social programs and the outcomes they are designed to affect, and their embeddedness in social and political context. Relied on as the “gold standard” by professors, students, and practitioners for 40 years, the new Eighth Edition includes a new practical chapter on planning an evaluation, entirely new examples throughout, and a major re-organization of the book’s content to better serve the needs of program evaluation courses