Pregnancy Discrimination and the American Worker

Author: Michelle D. Deardorff,James G. Dahl

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137533293

Category: Political Science

Page: 238

View: 9580

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This book explores how the federal courts have addressed the two primary federal statutory protections found in the Pregnancy Discrimination Act and the Americans with Disabilities Act and how law mediates conflict between workplace expectations and the realities of pregnancy. While pregnancy discrimination has been litigated under both, these laws establish different forms of equality. Formal equality requires equal treatment of pregnant women in the workplace, and substantive equality requires the worker's needs to be accommodated by the employer. Drawing from a unique database of 1,112 cases, Deardorff and Dahl discuss how courts have addressed pregnancy through these two different approaches to equality. The authors explore the implications for gender equality and the evolution of how pregnancy and pregnancy-related conditions in employment can be addressed by employers.

Babygate

How to Survive Pregnancy and Parenting in the Workplace

Author: Dina Bakst,Phoebe Taubman,Elizabeth Gedmark

Publisher: The Feminist Press at CUNY

ISBN: 1558618627

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 320

View: 1668

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Moms-to-be get tons of advice on strollers, sleep training, and post-baby workouts. What they don't get is straight talk about navigating the workplace during pregnancy and new parenthood - factors that put many women's jobs in jeopardy. That's why Babygate is essential: the first and only guide to supply parents with the tools they need to keep their jobs. Babygate breaks down the laws on topics across the parenthood spectrum in clear, conversational language, and includes a state-by-state guide so readers know exactly how they're protected (or not) in their hometowns. Best of all, Babygate includes a road map for confronting family-responsibilities discrimination, and a concrete plan for creating a more family-friendly nation. In Babygate, three legal experts share practical tips, real-life stories from moms and dads, and key legal information to spotlight the protections expecting and new parents have (and don't have) in the workplace. This step-by-step guide covers everything from morning sickness to maternity leave to confronting discrimination on the job. Includes quizzes, charts, checklists, sample letters to employers, and a comprehensive breakdown of individual state laws on pregnancy, parenthood, and the workplace.

Discrimination at Work

Comparing European, French, and American Law

Author: Marie Mercat-Bruns

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520283805

Category: Social Science

Page: 362

View: 1845

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Includes interviews with American professors of law.

A Primer on American Labor Law

Author: William B. Gould IV

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107244749

Category: Law

Page: N.A

View: 4096

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A Primer on American Labor Law is an accessible guide for non-specialists and labor lawyers - labor and management representatives, students and general practice lawyers, and trade unionists, government officials and academics from other countries. It covers topics such as the National Labor Relations Act, unfair labor practices, the collective bargaining relationship, dispute resolution, the public sector and public-interest labor law. This updated fifth edition contains extensive new materials covering developments that include the repeal or change in public employee labor law and the development of case law relating to wrongful dismissals and pension reform in the public sector; bankruptcy in both the private and public sector; ADA litigation and 2008 amendments of that statute; new cases on all subjects, but particularly Bush and Obama NLRB decisions, sexual harassment, sexual orientation, and retaliation; and the globalization of labor disputes in labor-management relations in the United States, with particular reference to professional sports disputes and the extraterritoriality of American labor law generally.

Here's the Plan.

Your Practical, Tactical Guide to Advancing Your Career During Pregnancy and Parenthood

Author: Allyson Downey

Publisher: Seal Press

ISBN: 1580056199

Category: Family & Relationships

Page: 240

View: 1723

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For many women in their 20's and 30's, the greatest professional hurdle they'll need to overcome has little to do with their work life. The most focused, confident, and ambitious women can find themselves derailed by a tiny little thing: a new baby. While more workplaces are espousing family-friendly cultures, women are still subject to a "parenting penalty" and high-profile conflicts between parenting and the workplace are all over the news: from the controversy over companies covering the costs of egg-freezing to the debate over parental leave and childcare inspired by Mark Zuckerberg's two-month paternity leave. Here's the Plan offers an inventive and inspiring roadmap for working mothers steering their careers through the parenting years. Author Allyson Downey—founder of weeSpring, the “Yelp for baby products,” and mother of two young children—advises readers on all practical aspects of ladder-climbing while parenting, such as negotiating leave, flex time, and promotions. In the style of #GIRLBOSS or Nice Girls Don't Get the Corner Office, Here's the Plan is the definitive guide for ambitious mothers, written by one working mother to another.

Immigrant, Inc.

Why Immigrant Entrepreneurs Are Driving the New Economy (and how they will save the American worker)

Author: Richard T. Herman,Robert L. Smith

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780470570302

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 256

View: 1175

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A provocative look at the remarkable contributions of high-skill immigrant entrepreneurs in America Both a revelation and a call-to-action, Immigrant, Inc. explores the uncommon skill and drive of America's new immigrants and their knack for innovation and entrepreneurship. From the techies who created icons of the new economy-Intel, Google, eBay and Sun Microsystems-to the young engineers tinkering with solar power and next-generation car batteries, immigrants have proven themselves to be America's competitive advantage. With a focus on legal immigrants and their odyssey from homeland to start-up, this unique book Explores the psyche, cultural nuances, skills, and business strategies that help immigrants achieve remarkable success Explains how immigrants will create the American jobs of the future-if we let them Whether you are a CEO, a civic leader, or an entrepreneur yourself, Immigrant, Inc. warns of the peril of anti-immigrant attitudes and a hostile immigration process. It also explains how any American can tap their "inner immigrant" to transform their lives and their companies. Written by an immigration lawyer who represents immigrant entrepreneurs and a journalist who specializes in international culture, the authors have a front-row seat to this phenomenon, offering a fascinating glimpse into the mindset of the most persistent entrepreneurs of the era.

Breastfeeding Rights in the United States

Author: Karen M. Kedrowski,Michael E. Lipscomb

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 9780275991364

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 175

View: 7322

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Breastfeeding Rights in the United States offers the most detailed critical analysis of breastfeeding law and policy to date, including an examination of their larger social contexts.

Lifetime Disadvantage, Discrimination and the Gendered Workforce

Author: Susan Bisom-Rapp,Malcolm Sargeant

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316810712

Category: Law

Page: N.A

View: 7330

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Lifetime Disadvantage, Discrimination and the Gendered Workforce fills a gap in the literature on discrimination and disadvantage suffered by women at work by focusing on the inadequacies of the current law and the need for a new holistic approach. Each stage of the working life cycle for women is examined with a critical consideration of how the law attempts to address the problems that inhibit women's labour force participation. By using their model of lifetime disadvantage, the authors show how the law adopts an incremental and disjointed approach to resolving the challenges, and argue that a more holistic orientation towards eliminating women's discrimination and disadvantage is required before true gender equality can be achieved. Using the concept of resilience from vulnerability theory, the authors advocate a reconfigured workplace that acknowledges yet transcends gender.

Human Rights in Labor and Employment Relations

International and Domestic Perspectives

Author: James A. Gross,Lance A. Compa

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 9780913447987

Category: Political Science

Page: 237

View: 9828

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The concept of human rights at work has advanced significantly in the last decade. The authors of the essays in Human Rights in Labor and Employment Relations focus in various ways on how the promotion and protection of human rights at workplaces here and around the world posit a new set of values and approaches that challenge every orthodoxy in the employment relations field, every practice and rule based in that orthodoxy, and even the underlying premises and intellectual foundations of contemporary labor and employment systems. The authors constitute a diverse and accomplished group of human rights activists, practitioners, and scholars. Implementing the theme of the volume, they address a wide range of important subjects: worker health and safety, child labor, worker freedom of association, migrant and forced labor, the human rights obligations of employers, workplace discrimination, and workers with disabilities. The authors also discuss the implications of their findings for labor and employment research and, where relevant, make pragmatic proposals for change. Contributors: Susanne M. Bruyére, Cornell University; Lance Compa, Cornell University; James A. Gross, Cornell University; Jeffrey Hilgert, Cornell University; Barbara Murray, International Labour Organization; Tonia Novitz, University of Bristol; Maria L. Ontiveros, University of San Francisco Law School; Edward E. Potter, Director of Global Workplace Rights, Coca-Cola Company and U.S. Employer Delegate, International Labour Organization Conference; Marika McCauley Sine, Global Stakeholder Engagement Manager, Coca-Cola Company; Rebecca Smith, National Employment Law Project; Burns H. Weston, University of Iowa

Balancing Pregnancy and Work

How to Make the Most of the Next 9 Months on the Job

Author: Nancy Hall

Publisher: Rodale

ISBN: 9781579547875

Category: Family & Relationships

Page: 272

View: 7060

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A practical guide combines personal stories, anecdotes, and a wealth of advice on such topics as telling a boss about a pregnancy, protecting one's rights, understanding health coverage and labor laws, planning a maternity leave, and combating pregnancy symptoms on the job. Original. 35,000 first printing.

Birthing a Slave

Motherhood and Medicine in the Antebellum South

Author: Marie Jenkins Schwartz

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9780674022027

Category: History

Page: 401

View: 8999

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The deprivations and cruelty of slavery have overshadowed our understanding of the institution's most human dimension: birth. We often don't realize that after the United States stopped importing slaves in 1808, births were more important than ever; slavery and the southern way of life could continue only through babies born in bondage. In the antebellum South, slaveholders' interest in slave women was matched by physicians struggling to assert their own professional authority over childbirth, and the two began to work together to increase the number of infants born in the slave quarter. In unprecedented ways, doctors tried to manage the health of enslaved women from puberty through the reproductive years, attempting to foster pregnancy, cure infertility, and resolve gynecological problems, including cancer. Black women, however, proved an unruly force, distrustful of both the slaveholders and their doctors. With their own healing traditions, emphasizing the power of roots and herbs and the critical roles of family and community, enslaved women struggled to take charge of their own health in a system that did not respect their social circumstances, customs, or values. Birthing a Slave depicts the competing approaches to reproductive health that evolved on plantations, as both black women and white men sought to enhance the health of enslaved mothers--in very different ways and for entirely different reasons. Birthing a Slave is the first book to focus exclusively on the health care of enslaved women, and it argues convincingly for the critical role of reproductive medicine in the slave system of antebellum America.

Unfinished Business

Paid Family Leave in California and the Future of U.S. Work-Family Policy

Author: Ruth Milkman,Eileen Appelbaum

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 080146949X

Category: Political Science

Page: 152

View: 1513

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Unfinished Business documents the history and impact of California's paid family leave program, the first of its kind in the United States, which began in 2004. Drawing on original data from fieldwork and surveys of employers, workers, and the larger California adult population, Ruth Milkman and Eileen Appelbaum analyze in detail the effect of the state’s landmark paid family leave on employers and workers. They also explore the implications of California’s decade-long experience with paid family leave for the nation, which is engaged in ongoing debate about work-family policies. Milkman and Appelbaum recount the process by which California workers and their allies built a coalition to win passage of paid family leave in the state legislature, and lay out the lessons for advocates in other states and localities, as well as the nation. Because paid leave enjoys extensive popular support across the political spectrum, campaigns for such laws have an excellent chance of success if some basic preconditions are met. Do paid family leave and similar programs impose significant costs and burdens on employers? Business interests argue that they do and routinely oppose any and all legislative initiatives in this area. Once the program took effect in California, this book shows, large majorities of employers themselves reported that its impact on productivity, profitability, and performance was negligible or positive. Unfinished Business demonstrates that the California program is well managed and easy to access, but that awareness of its existence remains limited. Moreover, those who need the program’s benefits most urgently—low-wage workers, young workers, immigrants, and disadvantaged minorities—are least likely to know about it. As a result, the long-standing pattern of inequality in access to paid leave has remained largely intact.

Institutional Inequality and the Mobilization of the Family and Medical Leave Act

Rights on Leave

Author: Catherine R. Albiston

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139491466

Category: Law

Page: N.A

View: 8680

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How do Family and Medical Leave Act rights operate in practice in the courts and in the workplace? This empirical study examines how institutions and social practices transform the meaning of these rights to recreate inequality. Workplace rules and norms built around the family wage ideal, the assumption that disability and work are mutually exclusive, and management's historical control over time all constrain opportunities for social change. Yet workers can also mobilize rights as a cultural discourse to change the social meaning of family and medical leave. Drawing on theoretical frameworks from social constructivism and new institutionalism, this study explains how institutions transform rights to recreate systems of power and inequality but at the same time also provide opportunities for law to change social structure. It provides a fresh look at the perennial debate about law and social change by examining how institutions shape the process of rights mobilization.

Disabling Interpretations

The Americans with Disabilities Act in Federal Court

Author: Susan Gluck Mezey

Publisher: University of Pittsburgh Pre

ISBN: 0822972794

Category: Law

Page: 235

View: 3608

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Annotation "Susan Mezey argues that the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) of 1990 has not fulfilled its potential primarily because of the judiciary's "disabling interpretations" in adjudicating ADA claims. In a decade of litigation, judicial interpretation of the law has largely constricted the parameters of disability rights and excluded large numbers of claimants from the reach of the law. The Supreme Court has not interpreted the act broadly, as was intended by Congress, and this method of decision making has been for the most part mirrored by the courts below. The high court's rulings to expand state sovereign immunity and insulate states from liability in damage suits have also caused claimants to become enmeshed in litigation and have encouraged defendants to challenge other laws affecting disability rights. Despite the law's strong civil rights rhetoric, disability rights remain an imperfectly realized goal."--BOOK JACKET.Title Summary field provided by Blackwell North America, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Documenting Desegregation

Racial and Gender Segregation in Private Sector Employment Since the Civil Rights Act

Author: Kevin Stainback,Donald Tomaskovic-Devey

Publisher: Russell Sage Foundation

ISBN: 1610447883

Category: Social Science

Page: 412

View: 493

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Enacted nearly fifty years ago, the Civil Rights Act codified a new vision for American society by formally ending segregation and banning race and gender discrimination in the workplace. But how much change did the legislation actually produce? As employers responded to the law, did new and more subtle forms of inequality emerge in the workplace? In an insightful analysis that combines history with a rigorous empirical analysis of newly available data, Documenting Desegregation offers the most comprehensive account to date of what has happened to equal opportunity in America—and what needs to be done in order to achieve a truly integrated workforce. Weaving strands of history, cognitive psychology, and demography, Documenting Desgregation provides a compelling exploration of the ways legislation can affect employer behavior and produce change. Authors Kevin Stainback and Donald Tomaskovic-Devey use a remarkable historical record—data from more than six million workplaces collected by the U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) since 1966—to present a sobering portrait of race and gender in the American workplace. Progress has been decidedly uneven: black men, black women, and white women have prospered in firms that rely on educational credentials when hiring, though white women have advanced more quickly. And white men have hardly fallen behind—they now hold more managerial positions than they did in 1964. The authors argue that the Civil Rights Act's equal opportunity clauses have been most effective when accompanied by social movements demanding changes. EEOC data show that African American men made rapid gains in the 1960s at the height of the Civil Rights movement. Similarly, white women gained access to more professional and managerial jobs in the 1970s as regulators and policymakers began to enact and enforce gender discrimination laws. By the 1980s, however, racial desegregation had stalled, reflecting the dimmed status of the Civil Rights agenda. Racial and gender employment segregation remain high today, and, alarmingly, many firms, particularly in high-wage industries, seem to be moving in the wrong direction and have shown signs of resegregating since the 1980s. To counter this worrying trend, the authors propose new methods to increase diversity by changing industry norms, holding human resources managers to account, and exerting renewed government pressure on large corporations to make equal employment opportunity a national priority. At a time of high unemployment and rising inequality, Documenting Desegregation provides an incisive re-examination of America's tortured pursuit of equal employment opportunity. This important new book will be an indispensable guide for those seeking to understand where America stands in fulfilling its promise of a workplace free from discrimination.

Public Librarian's Human Resources Handbook

Employer Rights and Responsibilities

Author: David Allen Baldwin

Publisher: Libraries Unlimited

ISBN: 9781563086182

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 186

View: 6238

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Whether you are a library supervisor with a few employees or an adminstrator with an entire human resources system, there are specific rights, responsibilities, and regulations that you must conform to. In plain language and with a practical, straightforward approach, Baldwin tells you about employment law relating to personnel recruitment and selection; the employment relationship; collective bargaining; wage and hour laws; employment benefits; discrimination laws; health, safety, and privacy; discipline and discharge; and income replacement. By informing themselves of these basic rights and regulations, librarians and library managers will be better equipped to deal with or avoid altogether some of the potential problems that arise between employers and employees in the public library arena. The book also reviews effective management techniques as a way to avoid potentially serious personnel problems. A glossary of employment terms is included.

Sex Discrimination and Sexual Harassment in the Work Place

Author: Lawrence Solotoff,Henry S. Kramer

Publisher: Law Journal Press

ISBN: 9781588520623

Category: Law

Page: 600

View: 3435

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This book covers such topics as: the FAMLA; the development of sex discrimination and sexual harassment statutes; "glass ceiling" and "glass wall" issues in professional and academic settings.

American Law in the Age of Hypercapitalism

The Worker, the Family, and the State

Author: Ruth Colker

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 0814772188

Category: Law

Page: 268

View: 6875

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Since the fall of communism, laissez-faire capitalism has experienced renewed popularity. Flush with victory, the United States has embraced a particularly narrow and single-minded definition of capitalism and aggressively exported it worldwide. The defining trait of this brand of capitalism is an unwavering reverence for the icons of the market. Although promoted as a laissez-faire form of capitalism, it actually reflects the very evils of selfishness and greed by entrepreneurs that concerned Adam Smith. Capitalism, however, can thrive without an extreme emphasis on efficiency and personal autonomy. Americans often forget that theirs is a rather peculiar form of capitalism, that other Western nations successfully maintain capitalistic systems that are fundamentally more balanced and nuanced in their effect on society. The unnecessarily inhumane aspects of American capitalism become apparent when compared to Canadian and Western European societies, with their more generous policies regarding affirmative action, accommodation for disabled persons, and family and medical leave for pregnant woman and their partners. In American Law in the Age of Hypercapitalism, Ruth Colker examines how American law purports to reflect--and actively promotes--a laissez-faire capitalism that disproportionately benefits the entrepreneurial class. Colker proposes that the quality of American life depends also on fairness and equality rather than simply the single-minded and formulaic pursuit of efficiency and utility.

The Working Woman's Pregnancy Book

Author: Marjorie Greenfield

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 030014511X

Category: Pregnancy

Page: 584

View: 4577

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This up-to-date guide addresses all the subjects you would expect to find in an authoritative book on pregnancy "plus" issues of special concern to the 60 to 80 percent of women who hold jobs during their pregnancies: . Is my workplace safe for my developing baby? . When should I tell my employer that I am expecting? . How can I handle the discomforts of pregnancy when I need to work? . What laws will protect me when I take medical leave? The answers to these questions and myriad others can be found in the pages of this practical and reassuring book.Dr. Marjorie Greenfield draws from her experiences as an obstetrician and working mom, and from more than a hundred interviews with mothers ranging from factory workers to high-powered attorneys, to create a unique resource for working women. Dr. Greenfield includeschecklists for multitasking working moms-to-be, helpful illustrations, stories and advice from experienced mothers, and information on everything from planning a pregnancy to balancing life after the baby is born. "The Working Woman s Pregnancy Book" is an invaluable expert resource that will inform, reassure, and empower any working woman throughout the miraculous journey of her pregnancy."