Pregnancy Discrimination and the American Worker

Author: Michelle D. Deardorff,James G. Dahl

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137533293

Category: Political Science

Page: 238

View: 7146

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This book explores how the federal courts have addressed the two primary federal statutory protections found in the Pregnancy Discrimination Act and the Americans with Disabilities Act and how law mediates conflict between workplace expectations and the realities of pregnancy. While pregnancy discrimination has been litigated under both, these laws establish different forms of equality. Formal equality requires equal treatment of pregnant women in the workplace, and substantive equality requires the worker's needs to be accommodated by the employer. Drawing from a unique database of 1,112 cases, Deardorff and Dahl discuss how courts have addressed pregnancy through these two different approaches to equality. The authors explore the implications for gender equality and the evolution of how pregnancy and pregnancy-related conditions in employment can be addressed by employers.

Public Librarian's Human Resources Handbook

Employer Rights and Responsibilities

Author: David Allen Baldwin

Publisher: Libraries Unlimited

ISBN: 9781563086182

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 186

View: 7594

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Whether you are a library supervisor with a few employees or an adminstrator with an entire human resources system, there are specific rights, responsibilities, and regulations that you must conform to. In plain language and with a practical, straightforward approach, Baldwin tells you about employment law relating to personnel recruitment and selection; the employment relationship; collective bargaining; wage and hour laws; employment benefits; discrimination laws; health, safety, and privacy; discipline and discharge; and income replacement. By informing themselves of these basic rights and regulations, librarians and library managers will be better equipped to deal with or avoid altogether some of the potential problems that arise between employers and employees in the public library arena. The book also reviews effective management techniques as a way to avoid potentially serious personnel problems. A glossary of employment terms is included.

Institutional Inequality and the Mobilization of the Family and Medical Leave Act

Rights on Leave

Author: Catherine R. Albiston

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139491466

Category: Law

Page: N.A

View: 3673

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How do Family and Medical Leave Act rights operate in practice in the courts and in the workplace? This empirical study examines how institutions and social practices transform the meaning of these rights to recreate inequality. Workplace rules and norms built around the family wage ideal, the assumption that disability and work are mutually exclusive, and management's historical control over time all constrain opportunities for social change. Yet workers can also mobilize rights as a cultural discourse to change the social meaning of family and medical leave. Drawing on theoretical frameworks from social constructivism and new institutionalism, this study explains how institutions transform rights to recreate systems of power and inequality but at the same time also provide opportunities for law to change social structure. It provides a fresh look at the perennial debate about law and social change by examining how institutions shape the process of rights mobilization.

Pregnant Pause

An International Legal Analysis of Maternity Discrimination

Author: Anne-Marie Mooney Cotter

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317076206

Category: Law

Page: 388

View: 8452

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Maternity Discrimination is an ever increasingly important area of the law around the world, affecting both women and men as they juggle parenthood and the workplace. Pregnant Pause provides readers with a better understanding of the issue of maternity discrimination and inequality by looking at the primary role of legislation, and its impact on the court process at both national and international levels for those suffering maternity discrimination. It also discusses the two most important trade agreements of our day - namely the North American Free Trade Agreement and the European Union Treaty - in a historical and compelling analysis of maternity discrimination and employment. By providing a detailed examination of the relationship between maternity issues in the workplace and the law, the book will be an important read for all those concerned with equality.

Fundamentals of Employment Law

Author: Kerry E. Notestine,American Bar Association. Tort and Insurance Practice Section

Publisher: American Bar Association

ISBN: 9781570738067

Category: Law

Page: 774

View: 8721

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Health Services and Health Hazards: The Employee’s Need to Know

The Employee's Need to Know

Author: Richard H. Egdahl,Diana C. Walsh

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461299489

Category: Medical

Page: 184

View: 8378

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Close followers of the evolution of the Series on Industry and Health Care will recognize in this fourth volume some continuity and some change. The essential concept behind the series remains: here, as before, we are looking to private industry as a potential agent of change in the American health care delivery system. We have made some structural accommodations, however, to comments received from readers in industry and in health services. The original concept of a topical monograph supplemented by a separate hardbound volume of background papers has yielded to the present formula in which each volume is complete in itself. The series continues to draw much of its material from interdisciplinary working conferences convened by the Bos ton University Center for Industry and Health Care. Rather than publish confer ence proceedings, we have again undertaken to analyze the discussions and to integrate with them some timely background materials. Readers have found this format a major improvement over traditional conference reports and sum maries.

Work and the Workplace

A Resource for Innovative Policy and Practice

Author: Sheila H. Akabas,Paul A. Kurzman

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231510152

Category: Social Science

Page: 320

View: 9716

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For more than twenty years Sheila H. Akabas and Paul A. Kurzman have written extensively about workers and work organizations, and given leadership to the occupational social welfare movement worldwide. Recognized as leaders in their field, Akabas and Kurzman offer an invaluable and comprehensive look at the innovative ways in which management, labor organizations, government, and social workers can better respond to the needs of workers, their families, and communities. The authors consider the social, psychological, and economic conditions in the world of work; the domino impact of unemployment upon individuals, families, organizations, and communities; and the inadequacy of insurance, benefit and support systems, intended to respond to personal and systematic crises. They also provide case histories that illustrate how collaboration among management, labor, social work, and government opens new options for workers, their families, and those seeking entry into the workplace. The authors' discussion provides contemporary illustrations of evidence-based best practices that respond to the needs of the modern workplace. They analyze the barriers to entry into the workforce; the tension between work and family obligations; the sometime unsupportive nature of many jobs and settings; and work implications for persons with chronic or acute illnesses. In the concluding chapter, the authors assess current trends as they offer an optimistic review of the possibilities and positive future potential represented by career counseling, pre-retirement preparation, disability management, executive coaching, manpower programming, and managed care. Throughout the book, Akabas and Kurzman include case studies to illustrate innovative practice and provide study questions for each chapter.

Babygate

How to Survive Pregnancy and Parenting in the Workplace

Author: Dina Bakst,Phoebe Taubman,Elizabeth Gedmark

Publisher: The Feminist Press at CUNY

ISBN: 1558618627

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 320

View: 920

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Moms-to-be get tons of advice on strollers, sleep training, and post-baby workouts. What they don't get is straight talk about navigating the workplace during pregnancy and new parenthood - factors that put many women's jobs in jeopardy. That's why Babygate is essential: the first and only guide to supply parents with the tools they need to keep their jobs. Babygate breaks down the laws on topics across the parenthood spectrum in clear, conversational language, and includes a state-by-state guide so readers know exactly how they're protected (or not) in their hometowns. Best of all, Babygate includes a road map for confronting family-responsibilities discrimination, and a concrete plan for creating a more family-friendly nation. In Babygate, three legal experts share practical tips, real-life stories from moms and dads, and key legal information to spotlight the protections expecting and new parents have (and don't have) in the workplace. This step-by-step guide covers everything from morning sickness to maternity leave to confronting discrimination on the job. Includes quizzes, charts, checklists, sample letters to employers, and a comprehensive breakdown of individual state laws on pregnancy, parenthood, and the workplace.

Encyclopedia of Human Services and Diversity

Author: Linwood H. Cousins

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1483370836

Category: Social Science

Page: 1632

View: 9783

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Encyclopedia of Human Services and Diversity is the first encyclopedia to reflect the changes in the mission of human services professionals as they face today’s increasingly diverse service population. Diversity encompasses a broad range of human differences, including differences in ability and disability, age, education level, ethnicity, gender, geographic origin, religion, sexual orientation, socioeconomic class, and values. Understanding the needs and problems of Asian Americans, Hispanic Americans, the deaf, the blind, the LGBT community, and many other groups demands an up-to-date and cutting-edge reference. This three-volume encyclopedia provides human services students, professors, librarians, and practitioners the reference information they need to meet the needs of an increasingly diverse population. Features: 600 signed entries are organized A-to-Z across three volumes. Entries, authored by key figures in the field, conclude with cross references and further readings. A Reader’s Guide groups related articles within broad, thematic areas, such as aging, community mental health, family and child services, substance abuse, etc. A detailed index, the Reader’s Guide, and cross references combine for search-and-browse in the electronic version. A helpful Resource Guide guides students to classic books, journals, and web sites, and a glossary assists them with the terminology of the field. Available in both print and electronic formats, Encyclopedia of Human Services and Diversity is an ideal reference for students, practitioners, faculty and librarians.

For Whose Protection?

Reproductive Hazards and Exclusionary Policies in the United States and Britain

Author: Sally Jane Kenney

Publisher: University of Michigan Press

ISBN: 9780472081769

Category: Law

Page: 375

View: 9736

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Probes the complex issues that underlie policies regarding women's reproduction and the workplace.

Mexican Americans & the Law

El Pueblo Unido Jamas Sera Vencido!

Author: Reynaldo Anaya Valencia

Publisher: University of Arizona Press

ISBN: 9780816522798

Category: Law

Page: 197

View: 5274

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The experience of Mexican Americans in the United States has been marked by oppression at the hands of the legal systemÑbut it has also benefited from successful appeals to the same system. Mexican Americans and the Law illustrates how Mexican Americans have played crucial roles in mounting legal challenges regarding issues that directly affect their political, educational, and socioeconomic status. Each chapter highlights historical contexts, relevant laws, and policy concerns for a specific issue and features abridged versions of significant state and federal cases involving Mexican Americans. Beginning with People v. Zammora (1940), the trial that was a precursor to the Zoot Suit Riots in Los Angeles during World War II, the authors lead students through some of the most important and precedent-setting cases in American law: - Educational equality: from segregation concerns in MŽndez v. Westminster (1946) to unequal funding in San Antonio Independent School District vs. Rodr’guez (1973) - Gender issues: reproductive rights in Madrigal v. Quilligan (1981), workplace discrimination in EEOC v. Hacienda Hotel (1989), sexual violence in Aguirre-Cervantes v. INS (2001) - Language rights: _–iguez v. Arizonans for Official English (1995), Garc’a v. Gloor (1980), Serna v. Portales Municipal Schools (1974) - Immigration-: search and seizure questions in U.S. v. Brignoni-Ponce (1975) and U.S. v. Mart’nez-Fuerte (1976); public benefits issues in Plyler v. Doe (1982) and League of United Latin American Citizens v. Wilson (1997) - Voting rights: redistricting in White v. Regester (1973) and Bush v. Vera (1996) - Affirmative action: Hopwood v. State of Texas (1996) and Coalition for Economic Equity v. Wilson (1997) - Criminal justice issues: equal protection in Hern‡ndez v. Texas (1954); jury service in Hern‡ndez v. New York (1991); self incrimination in Miranda v. Arizona (1966); access to legal counsel in Escobedo v. Illinois (1964) With coverage as timely as the 2003 Supreme Court decision on affirmative action, Mexican Americans and the Law offers invaluable insight into legal issues that have impacted Mexican Americans, other Latinos, other racial minorities, and all Americans. Discussion questions, suggested readings, and Internet sources help students better comprehend the intricacies of law.

The Columbia History of Post-World War II America

Author: Mark C Carnes

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231511809

Category: History

Page: 544

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Beginning with an analysis of cultural themes and ending with a discussion of evolving and expanding political and corporate institutions, The Columbia History of Post-World War II America addresses changes in America's response to the outside world; the merging of psychological states and social patterns in memorial culture, scandal culture, and consumer culture; the intersection of social practices and governmental policies; the effect of technological change on society and politics; and the intersection of changing belief systems and technological development, among other issues. Many had feared that Orwellian institutions would crush the individual in the postwar era, but a major theme of this book is the persistence of individuality and diversity. Trends toward institutional bigness and standardization have coexisted with and sometimes have given rise to a countervailing pattern of individualized expression and consumption. Today Americans are exposed to more kinds of images and music, choose from an infinite variety of products, and have a wide range of options in terms of social and sexual arrangements. In short, they enjoy more ways to express their individuality despite the ascendancy of immense global corporations, and this volume imaginatively explores every facet of this unique American experience.

On Strike and on Film

Mexican American Families and Blacklisted Filmmakers in Cold War America

Author: Ellen R. Baker

Publisher: UNC Press Books

ISBN: 1469606542

Category: History

Page: 368

View: 9162

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In 1950, Mexican American miners went on strike for fair working conditions in Hanover, New Mexico. When an injunction prohibited miners from picketing, their wives took over the picket lines--an unprecedented act that disrupted mining families but ultimately ensured the strikers' victory in 1952. In On Strike and on Film, Ellen Baker examines the building of a leftist union that linked class justice to ethnic equality. She shows how women's participation in union activities paved the way for their taking over the picket lines and thereby forcing their husbands, and the union, to face troubling questions about gender equality. Baker also explores the collaboration between mining families and blacklisted Hollywood filmmakers that resulted in the controversial 1954 film Salt of the Earth. She shows how this worker-artist alliance gave the mining families a unique chance to clarify the meanings of the strike in their own lives and allowed the filmmakers to create a progressive alternative to Hollywood productions. An inspiring story of working-class solidarity, Mexican American dignity, and women's liberation, Salt of the Earth was itself blacklisted by powerful anticommunists, yet the movie has endured as a vital contribution to American cinema.

The Betrayal of Work

How Low-wage Jobs Fail 30 Million Americans And Their Families

Author: Beth Shulman

Publisher: The New Press

ISBN: 1595587292

Category: Social Science

Page: 255

View: 5002

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Following its publication in hardcover, the critically acclaimed Betrayal of Work became one of the most influential policy books about economic life in America; it was discussed in the pages of Newsweek, Business Week, Fortune, the Washington Post, Newsday, and USA Today, as well as in public policy journals and in broadcast interviews, including a one-on-one with Bill Moyers on PBS’s NOW. The American Prospect’s James K. Galbraith’s praise was typical: “Shulman’s slim and graceful book is a model combination of compelling portraiture, common sense, and understated conviction.” Beth Shulman’s powerfully argued book offers a full program to address the injustice faced by the 30 million Americans who work full time but do not make a living wage. As the influential Harvard Business School newsletter put it, Shulman “specifically outlines how structural changes in the economy may be achieved, thus expanding opportunities for all Americans.” This edition includes a new afterword that intervenes in the post-election debate by arguing that low-wage work is an urgent moral issue of our time.

American Law in the Age of Hypercapitalism

The Worker, the Family, and the State

Author: Ruth Colker

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 0814772188

Category: Law

Page: 268

View: 1995

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Since the fall of communism, laissez-faire capitalism has experienced renewed popularity. Flush with victory, the United States has embraced a particularly narrow and single-minded definition of capitalism and aggressively exported it worldwide. The defining trait of this brand of capitalism is an unwavering reverence for the icons of the market. Although promoted as a laissez-faire form of capitalism, it actually reflects the very evils of selfishness and greed by entrepreneurs that concerned Adam Smith. Capitalism, however, can thrive without an extreme emphasis on efficiency and personal autonomy. Americans often forget that theirs is a rather peculiar form of capitalism, that other Western nations successfully maintain capitalistic systems that are fundamentally more balanced and nuanced in their effect on society. The unnecessarily inhumane aspects of American capitalism become apparent when compared to Canadian and Western European societies, with their more generous policies regarding affirmative action, accommodation for disabled persons, and family and medical leave for pregnant woman and their partners. In American Law in the Age of Hypercapitalism, Ruth Colker examines how American law purports to reflect--and actively promotes--a laissez-faire capitalism that disproportionately benefits the entrepreneurial class. Colker proposes that the quality of American life depends also on fairness and equality rather than simply the single-minded and formulaic pursuit of efficiency and utility.

Pregnancy and Power

A Short History of Reproductive Politics in America

Author: Rickie Solinger

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 0814741193

Category: History

Page: 312

View: 7292

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A sweeping chronicle of women's battles for reproductive freedom throughout American history, Pregnancy and Power explores the many forces—social, racial, economic, and political—that have shaped women’s reproductive lives in the United States. Leading historian Rickie Solinger argues that a woman’s control over her body involves much more than the right to choose an abortion. Reproductive politics were at play when slaveholders devised breeding schemes, when the U.S. government took Indian children from their families in the nineteenth century, and when doctors pressed Latina women to be sterilized in the 1970s. Tracing the diverse plot lines of women’s reproductive lives throughout American history, Solinger redefines the idea of reproductive freedom, putting race and class at the center of the effort to control sex and pregnancy in America over time. Solinger asks which women have how many children under what circumstances, and shows how reproductive experiences have been encouraged or coerced, rewarded or punished, honored or exploited over the last 250 years. Viewed in this way, the debate over reproductive rights raises questions about access to sex education and prenatal care, about housing laws, about access to citizenship, and about which women lose children to adoption and foster care. Pregnancy and Power shows that a complete understanding of reproductive politics must take into account the many players shaping public policy—lawmakers, educators, employers, clergy, physicians—as well as the consequences for women who obey and resist these policies. Tracing the diverse plotlines of women's reproductive lives throughout American history, Solinger redefines the idea of reproductive freedom, putting race and class at the center of the struggle to control sex and pregnancy in America.

Your Best Pregnancy

The Ultimate Guide to Easing the Aches, Pains, and Uncomfortable Side Effects During Each Stage of Your Pregnancy

Author: Jill Hoefs, MPT,Denise Jagroo, DPT, MTC, WCS

Publisher: Demos Medical Publishing

ISBN: 1617052035

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 192

View: 1102

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Have a safe, healthy, and comfortable pregnancy. Written by two physical therapists with over twenty years of combined experience helping women ease sore feet, aching backs, incessant peeing, and many other uncomfortable conditions, Your Best Pregnancy provides simple solutions and easy exercises to help women feel their best from head to toe. Through detailed photographs, illustrations, and down-to-earth advice that is both medically substantiated as well as easy to understand, you will learn how to: Treat the most uncomfortable symptoms during pregnancy, such as back and shoulder pain, bladder issues, night cramps, sciatica, swelling, and varicose veins. Maintain a healthy pregnancy, even while on bed rest. Correctly strengthen the pelvic floor and core to prevent diastasis recti. Nurse, lift, and care for a baby (or babies) using proper body mechanics to avoid strain and injury. "Your Best Pregnancy is fun, interesting, and supportive. It feels like sitting down with a knowledgeable and trusted friend to talk about all the challenging and usually-not-discussed issues of pregnancy. We keep a copy at our practice to offer advice to patients." óMARC LEVIN, MD, FAMILY PHYSICIAN, MATERNITY CARE COORDINATOR, INSTITUTE FOR FAMILY HEALTH "A must read if you're pregnant or just had a baby and wonder why your body feels the way it does!... A perfect go-to book for every pregnant woman, whether it's your first or fourth pregnancy." óSTACEY J. FUTTERMAN, PT, MPT, WCS, BCB-PMD, OWNER OF 5 POINT PHYSICAL THERAPY PLLC IN NEW YORK CITY "Your Best Pregnancy is like having two best friends on speed dial who just happen to also be physical therapists, and in Hoefs' case, an experienced mom. They give new and professional mothers the scoop on all things health, with an approachable helping of medical knowledge and a touch of sass." óLESLIE GOLDMAN, MPH, WOMEN'S HEALTH WRITER, LESLIEGOLDMANWRITES.COM

Mothers on the Job

Maternity Policy in the U.S. Workplace

Author: Lise Vogel

Publisher: Rutgers University Press

ISBN: 9780813519197

Category: Political Science

Page: 202

View: 3172

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Women's increasing demands for protection and benefits in the workplace, especially with regard to maternity leave, have sparked more than a century of controversy among feminists on how best to serve the needs of working women. This debate continues to divide the feminist community. One side believes women are better served by emphasizing equality with men--pregnancy should be treated like any other "disability." The other side wants to recognize difference--special provisions should apply only to pregnant women. Lise Vogel examines the evolution of this debate on pregnant women in the workplace, looking at theoretical as well as practical implications. Vogel begins by assessing the history of the contemporary debate on pregnancy policy in the U.S. Since the middle of the nineteenth-century, American women have been torn by the contradictory demands of motherhood and the workplace. Pregnancy was grounds for dismissal from work and few employers took action to protect pregnant workers. To counter this, early twentieth-century feminists and reformers emphasized female specificity and women's special role. In the 1960s activists adopted a strategy framed on equality, which moved away from the earlier emphasis on differences. The use of equality strategies to cover the female-specific phenomenon of pregnancy turned out to have problems. Now women's special needs were denied and ignored. These difficulties and a series of court cases in the 1980s triggered debates in the feminist legal community. Vogel looks at the litigation and debates, which pitted advocates of gender-neutral strategies against critics who called for female-specific policies. Vogel argues that, in terms of practical benefits, women will be served best by a gender-neutral approach to pregnancy policy. She encourages equality advocates to recognize the inherent diversity of individuals, and points out the need to be sensitive to individual factors of race and class, as well as sex.

Managing Nonprofit Organizations in a Policy World

Author: Shannon K. Vaughan,Shelly Arsneault

Publisher: CQ Press

ISBN: 1483322777

Category: Political Science

Page: 432

View: 9522

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If nonprofits influence policy, make policy, are affected by policy, and are subject to policy, then shouldn't every nonprofit manager fully understand the policy world in which they operate? In explicitly tying the policy realm to management skills, Shannon Vaughan and Shelly Arsneault's foundational book sheds new light on how nonprofit managers can better navigate policymaking and regulatory contexts to effectively lead their organizations. Managing Nonprofit Organizations in a Policy World provides a comprehensive overview of the nonprofit sector and the policy environment, with a focus on skills and strategies managers can use to advance the causes of their organizations. Abundant examples and rich case studies explore the complexity of the policy-nonprofit relationship and highlight both management challenges and successes. While coverage of the nuts-and-bolts is in here, what sets this book apart is tying everyday management to the broader view of how nonprofits can thrive within the policy ecosystem.

The Union Member's Complete Guide

Everything You Want--and Need--to Know about Working Union

Author: Michael Mauer

Publisher: Union Communication Services, Inc.

ISBN: 9780965948616

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 160

View: 6926

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An easy-to-read, thorough explanation of what unions are, how they work, and the rights and responsibilities of membership. Countless workers today became union members only because they took jobs in previously organized workplaces and have little understanding of how unions work. This book gives them that basic understanding and answers bedrock questions about such things as the structure of the labor movement, how contracts are negotiated, the grievance process, core labor laws, their union's role in their community and a whole lot more.