Presidentialism, Parliamentarism, and Democracy

Author: Jose Antonio Cheibub

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521542449

Category: Political Science

Page: 202

View: 2743

DOWNLOAD NOW »
This book questions the reasons why presidential democracies more likely to break down than parliamentary ones.

Presidentialism and Democracy in Latin America

Author: Scott Mainwaring

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521576147

Category: Political Science

Page: 493

View: 671

DOWNLOAD NOW »
David J. Samuels and Matthew S. Shugart provide the first systematic analysis of how democratic constitutional design shapes party politics.

Einführung in die Politikwissenschaft

Author: Thomas Bernauer,Detlef Jahn,Patrick M. Kuhn,Stefanie Walter

Publisher: UTB

ISBN: 3825245357

Category: Political Science

Page: 640

View: 3073

DOWNLOAD NOW »
Dieses Grundlagenwerk vermittelt die wichtigsten Konzepte, Methoden und Forschungsinhalte der Politikwissenschaft. Dank guter Lesbarkeit und vielen Beispielen ist es auch für Leserinnen und Leser geeignet, die keine oder nur geringe Vorkenntnisse besitzen. • Teil I ist dem Prozess der empirisch-analytischen Forschung gewidmet. Er vermittelt, wie Theorien zu politischen Phänomenen entwickelt und empirisch getestet werden. • Teil II befasst sich mit den wichtigsten Akteuren, Mechanismen und Institutionen politischer Systeme – mit besonderem Augenmerk auf die politischen Systeme Deutschlands, Österreichs, der Schweiz und der Europäischen Union. • Teil III beschäftigt sich mit der internationalen Politik sowie den Ursachen und Auswirkungen der Globalisierung.

Staatstätigkeiten, Parteien und Demokratie

Festschrift für Manfred G. Schmidt

Author: Klaus Armingeon

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3658018534

Category: Political Science

Page: 647

View: 885

DOWNLOAD NOW »
Manfred G. Schmidt ist einer der führenden Politikwissenschaftler Europas. Drei Themen bilden Schwerpunkte in seinem reichhaltigen Werk. Machen Parteien einen Unterschied für das staatliche Handeln? Diese Frage bildet den ersten Schwerpunkt seines Schaffens: In welchen Politikbereichen und unter welchen Bedingungen schlägt sich die Regierungsbeteiligung einer Partei in unterschiedlichen Staatstätigkeiten nieder? Der zweite Schwerpunkt ist die Demokratietheorie. Hier geht es ihm um eine vergleichende Rekonstruktion und Evaluation der verschiedenen Demokratietheorien. Die Arbeiten von Manfred G. Schmidt sind grundsätzlich international vergleichend angelegt. Dennoch galt seine besondere Aufmerksamkeit den politischen Systemen Deutschlands. Dies ist der dritte Schwerpunkt. Die Analyse der politischen Institutionen, des Parteienwettbewerbs und der wohlfahrtsstaatlichen Entwicklung in Deutschland seit dem 19. Jahrhundert waren Gegenstand von vielen Monographien und Aufsätzen. Er betonte insbesondere die Interaktionen von Institutionen und Parteien, die die Bundesrepublik Deutschland auf einem ‚mittleren Weg’ hielten – und schloss damit sowohl an seine international vergleichenden Analysen der Sozial-, Wirtschafts-, Bildungs- und Arbeitsmarktpolitik als auch an seine demokratietheoretischen Überlegungen an. Die Beiträge der Festschrift setzen sich mit dem Werk von Manfred G. Schmidt auseinander. Sie würdigen kritisch seine Verdienste, nehmen seine Befunden und Fragestellungen auf und führen sie in empirischen oder theoretisch-konzeptionellen Analysen weiter.​

Soziologie - Kapitalismus - Kritik

Eine Debatte

Author: Klaus Dörre,Stephan Lessenich,Hartmut Rosa

Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag

ISBN: 351873234X

Category: Social Science

Page: 327

View: 8525

DOWNLOAD NOW »
Einst gehörte es zu den zentralen Aufgaben der Soziologie, die moderne Gesellschaft über die sozialen Voraussetzungen und Konsequenzen ihrer Krisenhaftigkeit aufzuklären. Diesem heute oft vernachlässigten Anliegen fühlen sich die Autoren dieses Bandes verpflichtet und stellen die Frage nach dem zeitdiagnostischen Potential soziologischer Analyse in den Mittelpunkt einer Debatte. Zeitdiagnostisch fundierte Gesellschaftskritik, so eine ihrer Thesen, gehört zum Kerngeschäft der Soziologie. Eine zweite besagt, daß jede Gesellschaftskritik der Gegenwart notwendig auch Kapitalismuskritik sein muß. Anhand von drei unterschiedlichen, aber komplementären Perspektiven auf aktuelle Prozesse der Landnahme, der Aktivierung und der Beschleunigung wird eine soziologische Kritik der Gegenwartsgesellschaft entfaltet, die zugleich Ansatzpunkte für politisches Handeln aufzeigt.

Democratic Transitions

Modes and Outcomes

Author: Sujian Guo,Gary A Stradiotto

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 131775106X

Category: Political Science

Page: 138

View: 4740

DOWNLOAD NOW »
Democratic transitions have occurred in many countries in various regions across the globe, such as Southern Europe, Latin America, Africa, East and Southeast Asia, Eastern Europe and the Middle East, and these nations have undergone simuntaneously political, economic and social transformations. Yet, the patterns and characteristics of transitions have varied significantly, and different modes of transition have resulted in different outcomes. This book offers cross-national comparisons of democratic transition since the turn of the twentieth century and asks what makes democracies succeed or fail. In doing so it explores the influence the mode of transition has on the longevity or durability of the democracy, by theoretically examining and quantitatively testing this relationship. The authors argue that the mode of transition directly impacts the success and failure of democracy, and suggest that cooperative transitions, where opposition groups work together with incumbent elites to peacefully transition the state, result in democracies that last longer and are associated with higher measures of democratic quality. Based on a cross-national dataset of all democratic transitioning states since 1900, this book will be of great interest to students and scholars of international politics, comparative politics and democracy, and democratization studies.

Parliaments and Government Formation

Unpacking Investiture Rules

Author: José Antonio Cheibub

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198747012

Category: Legislative bodies

Page: 296

View: 304

DOWNLOAD NOW »
Parliaments are the cornerstone of democracy. In many countries, the cabinet or government emerges from parliament. A general election produces a new parliament and the party composition of parliament helps determine which party or parties get to form the government. Yet we know very little about the institutional rules and practices under which the government 'emerges from' the parliament in these political systems. To better understand this, this volume exploresthe role of national parliaments in the process of government formation in 16 political systems - ranging from the United Kingdom to Germany, India and the European Union. How parliaments are involvedin government formation varies dramatically from country to country. Each chapter explores the origins of these rules and their consequences.

Degrees of Democracy

Politics, Public Opinion, and Policy

Author: Stuart N. Soroka,Christopher Wlezien

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521868335

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 241

View: 6058

DOWNLOAD NOW »
This book develops and tests a 'thermostatic' model of public opinion and policy and examines both responsiveness and representation across a range of policy domains in the United States, the United Kingdom, and Canada, concluding that representative democratic government functions surprisingly well.

The Oxford Handbook of Legislative Studies

Author: Shane Martin,Thomas Saalfeld,Kaare W. Strøm

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191019070

Category: Political Science

Page: 800

View: 4535

DOWNLOAD NOW »
Legislatures are political bodies essential to democracy and the rule of law. They present social scientists with numerous intriguing puzzles, with far-reaching implications for our understanding of political institutions. Why, and how, have these ancient assemblies, established in pre-democratic times, survived the transition to mass democracies? How have they adapted? How do they structure such processes as budgeting, legislation, and executive oversight? How do their members get selected, and what consequences flow from differences in these rules? What roles do committees and political parties play in contemporary legislatures? What functions do legislatures perform in autocratic, semi-democratic or recently democratized societies? What explains the similarities and differences in legislative rules, powers and recruitment? What are the policy and other consequences of variation in how legislatures are organized and function? The 33 chapters in The Oxford Handbook of Legislative Studies, written by 47 of the most distinguished legislative scholars, provide a comprehensive and up-to-date description and assessment of the state of the art in legislative studies. Key themes explored include theoretical paradigms and methodological approaches to the study of legislatures, representation and legislative careers, internal organization, the role of parties within legislatures and the role of legislatures in policy making and accountability. The Handbook also explores the emergence of parliaments in historical and contemporary contexts, including new democracies and trans-national institutions.

Arguing Comparative Politics

Author: Alfred C. Stepan

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780198299974

Category: Political Science

Page: 369

View: 8913

DOWNLOAD NOW »
Assembling articles by one of the foremost scholars in comparative politics, this volume covers the important works and ideas in the field from the last thirty years, most notably the nature of contemporary democracy and its prospects. It begins with a personal analysis of the intellectual, and often political, reasons why and how Stepan chose to engage in certain critical arguments over the last thirty years. Dividing into three sections, the volume then explores state and society, constructing polities, and varieties of democracies. It contains articles on civil society, political society, economic society, and a usable state and compares and contrasts the incentive systems and political practices of parliamentarianism, presidentialism, and semi-presidentialism.

Patronal Politics

Author: Henry E. Hale

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107073510

Category: Political Science

Page: 536

View: 1837

DOWNLOAD NOW »
This book proposes a new way of understanding events throughout the world that are usually interpreted as democratization, rising authoritarianism, or revolution. Where the rule of law is weak and corruption pervasive, what may appear to be democratic or authoritarian breakthroughs are often just regular, predictable phases in longer-term cyclic dynamics - patronal politics. This is shown through in-depth narratives of the post-1991 political history of all post-Soviet polities that are not in the European Union. This book also includes chapters on czarist and Soviet history and on global patterns.

Political Order and Power Transition in Hong Kong

Author: Pang-kwong Li

Publisher: Chinese University Press

ISBN: 9789622017832

Category: Political Science

Page: 253

View: 7211

DOWNLOAD NOW »
Divided into two volumes, The Teachings of Modern Christianity on Law, Politics, and Human Nature offers a landmark collection of writings from twenty Christian thinkers of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries and analyses of their work by leading contemporary religious scholars.With selections from the works of Jacques Maritain, Gustavo Gutiérrez, Dorothy Day, Pope John Paul II, Susan B. Anthony, Karl Barth, Dietrich Bonhoeffer, Reinhold Niebuhr, Martin Luther King Jr., Nikolai Berdyaev, Vladimir Lossky, and others, Volume 2 illustrates the different venues, vectors, and sometimes-conflicting visions of what a Christian understanding of law, politics, and society entails. The collection includes works by popes, pastors, nuns, activists, and theologians writing from within the Catholic, Protestant, and Orthodox Christian traditions. Addressing racism, totalitarianism, sexism, and other issues, many of the figures in this volume were the victims of church censure, exile, imprisonment, assassination, and death in Nazi concentration camps. These writings amplify the long and diverse tradition of modern Christian social thought and its continuing relevance to contemporary pluralistic societies. The volume speaks to questions regarding the nature and purpose of law and authority, the limits of rule and obedience, the care and nurture of the needy and innocent, the rights and wrongs of war and violence, and the separation of church and state. The historical focus and ecumenical breadth of this collection fills an important scholarly gap and revives the role of Christian social thought in legal and political theory.The first volume of The Teachings of Modern Christianity on Law Politics, and Human Nature includes essays by leading contemporary religious scholars, exploring the ideas, influences, and intellectual and cultural contexts of the figures from this volume.