Principles of Cyber-Physical Systems

Author: Rajeev Alur

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 0262029111

Category: Computers

Page: 464

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A foundational text that offers a rigorous introduction to the principles of design, specification, modeling, and analysis of cyber-physical systems.

Cyber-Physical Systems: Decision Making Mechanisms and Applications

Author: Kostas Siozios,Dimitrios Soudris,Elias Kosmatopoulos

Publisher: River Publishers

ISBN: 8793609094

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 292

View: 1050

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As systems continue to evolve they rely less on human decision-making and more on computational intelligence. This trend in conjunction with the available technologies for providing advanced sensing, measurement, process control, and communication lead towards the new field of the CyberPhysical System (CPS). CyberPhysical systems are expected to play a major role in the design and development of future engineering platforms with new capabilities that far exceed today's levels of autonomy, functionality and usability. Although these systems exhibit remarkable characteristics, their design and implementation is a challenging issue, as numerous (heterogeneous) components and services have to be appropriately modeled and simulated together. The problem of designing efficient CPS becomes far more challenging in case the target system has to meet also real-time constraints. CyberPhysical Systems: Decision Making Mechanisms and Applications describes essential theory, recent research and large-scale user cases that addresses urgent challenges in CPS architectures. In particular, it includes chapters on: Decision making for large scale CPSModeling of CPS with emphasis at the control mechanismsHardware/software implementation of the control mechanismsFault-tolerant and reliability issues for the control mechanismsCyberPhysical user-cases that incorporate challenging decision making

Introduction to Embedded Systems

A Cyber-Physical Systems Approach

Author: Edward Ashford Lee,Sanjit Arunkumar Seshia

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 0262340526

Category: Computers

Page: 568

View: 7330

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The most visible use of computers and software is processing information for human consumption. The vast majority of computers in use, however, are much less visible. They run the engine, brakes, seatbelts, airbag, and audio system in your car. They digitally encode your voice and construct a radio signal to send it from your cell phone to a base station. They command robots on a factory floor, power generation in a power plant, processes in a chemical plant, and traffic lights in a city. These less visible computers are called embedded systems, and the software they run is called embedded software. The principal challenges in designing and analyzing embedded systems stem from their interaction with physical processes. This book takes a cyber-physical approach to embedded systems, introducing the engineering concepts underlying embedded systems as a technology and as a subject of study. The focus is on modeling, design, and analysis of cyber-physical systems, which integrate computation, networking, and physical processes. The second edition offers two new chapters, several new exercises, and other improvements. The book can be used as a textbook at the advanced undergraduate or introductory graduate level and as a professional reference for practicing engineers and computer scientists. Readers should have some familiarity with machine structures, computer programming, basic discrete mathematics and algorithms, and signals and systems.

Cyber-Physical Systems

Foundations, Principles and Applications

Author: Houbing Song,Danda B Rawat,Sabina Jeschke,Christian Brecher

Publisher: Morgan Kaufmann

ISBN: 0128038748

Category: Computers

Page: 514

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Cyber-Physical Systems: Foundations, Principles and Applications explores the core system science perspective needed to design and build complex cyber-physical systems. Using Systems Science’s underlying theories, such as probability theory, decision theory, game theory, organizational sociology, behavioral economics, and cognitive psychology, the book addresses foundational issues central across CPS applications, including System Design -- How to design CPS to be safe, secure, and resilient in rapidly evolving environments, System Verification -- How to develop effective metrics and methods to verify and certify large and complex CPS, Real-time Control and Adaptation -- How to achieve real-time dynamic control and behavior adaptation in a diverse environments, such as clouds and in network-challenged spaces, Manufacturing -- How to harness communication, computation, and control for developing new products, reducing product concepts to realizable designs, and producing integrated software-hardware systems at a pace far exceeding today's timeline. The book is part of the Intelligent Data-Centric Systems: Sensor-Collected Intelligence series edited by Fatos Xhafa, Technical University of Catalonia. Indexing: The books of this series are submitted to EI-Compendex and SCOPUS Includes in-depth coverage of the latest models and theories that unify perspectives, expressing the interacting dynamics of the computational and physical components of a system in a dynamic environment Focuses on new design, analysis, and verification tools that embody the scientific principles of CPS and incorporate measurement, dynamics, and control Covers applications in numerous sectors, including agriculture, energy, transportation, building design and automation, healthcare, and manufacturing

C in a Nutshell

Author: Peter Prinz,Tony Crawford

Publisher: O'Reilly Germany

ISBN: 9783897213449

Category: C (Computer program language)

Page: 602

View: 5806

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Cyber-Physical Systems

Integrated Computing and Engineering Design

Author: Fei Hu

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1466577010

Category: Computers

Page: 398

View: 4258

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Cyber-physical systems (CPSs) have quickly become one of the hottest computer applications today. With their tight integration of cyber and physical objects, it is believed CPSs will transform how we interact with the physical world, just like the Internet transformed how we interact with one another. A CPS could be a system at multiple scales, from large smart bridges with fluctuation detection and responding functions, to autonomous cars and tiny implanted medical devices. Cyber-Physical Systems: Integrated Computing and Engineering Design supplies comprehensive coverage of the principles and design of CPSs. It addresses the many challenges that must be overcome and outlines a roadmap of how to get there. Emphasizes the integration of cyber computing and physical objects control Covers important CPS theory foundations and models Includes interesting case studies of several important civilian and health care applications that illustrate the CPS design process Addresses the collaboration of the sensing and controlling of a physical system with robust software architecture Explains how to account for random failure events that can occur in a real CPS environment Presented in a systematic manner, the book begins by discussing the basic concept underlying CPSs and examining some challenging design issues. It then covers the most important design theories and modeling methods for a practical CPS. Next, it moves on to sensor-based CPSs, which use embedded sensors and actuators to interact with the physical world. The text presents concrete CPS designs for popular civilian applications, including building and energy management. Reflecting the importance of human health care in society, it includes CPS examples of rehabilitation applications such as virtual reality-based disability recovery platforms.

Cyber-Physical Systems

Author: Raj Rajkumar,Dionisio de Niz,Mark Klein

Publisher: Addison-Wesley Professional

ISBN: 0133416151

Category: Computers

Page: 416

View: 2967

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Learn the State of the Art in Embedded Systems and Embrace the Internet of Things The next generation of mission-critical and embedded systems will be “cyber physical”: They will demand the precisely synchronized and seamless integration of complex sets of computational algorithms and physical components. Cyber-Physical Systems is the definitive guide to building cyber-physical systems (CPS) for a wide spectrum of engineering and computing applications. Three pioneering experts have brought together the field’s most significant work in one volume that will be indispensable for all practitioners, researchers, and advanced students. This guide addresses CPS from multiple perspectives, drawing on extensive contributions from leading researchers. The authors and contributors review key CPS challenges and innovations in multiple application domains. Next, they describe the technical foundations underlying modern CPS solutions—both what we know and what we still need to learn. Throughout, the authors offer guiding principles for every facet of CPS development, from design and analysis to planning future innovations. Comprehensive coverage includes Understanding CPS drivers, challenges, foundations, and emerging directions Building life-critical, context-aware, networked systems of medical devices Creating energy grid systems that reduce costs and fully integrate renewable energy sources Modeling complex interactions across cyber and physical domains Synthesizing algorithms to enforce CPS control Addressing space, time, energy, and reliability issues in CPS sensor networks Applying advanced approaches to real-time scheduling Securing CPS: preventing “man-in-the-middle” and other attacks Ensuring logical correctness and simplifying verification Enforcing synchronized communication between distributed agents Using model-integration languages to define formal semantics for CPS models Register your product at informit.com/register for convenient access to downloads, updates, and corrections as they become available.

Secure and Trustworthy Transportation Cyber-Physical Systems

Author: Yunchuan Sun,Houbing Song

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9811038929

Category: Computers

Page: 159

View: 4177

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This book comprehensively reviews the cyber security and privacy issues in transportation cyber-physical systems (TCPSs). It examines theories and various state-of-the-art technologies and methodologies. Starting with a survey of the latest solutions in TCPSs, it introduces a smart-transport-system architecture design based on cyber-physical systems. It then discusses in detail the principles and metrics of evaluating safety and privacy in TCPSs and elaborates the verification and analysis of secure, robust and trustworthy TCPSs. Moreover, it demonstrates the advanced and novel tools commonly used in practice by several researchers. Lastly it provides an exhaustive case study on the authentication and attestation in TCPSs. This book is of interest not only to readers in the field of TCPSs, but also to those in interdisciplinary fields, such as energy, healthcare, bio-engineering etc.

Cyber Physical Systems

Architectures, Protocols and Applications

Author: Chi (Harold) Liu,Yan Zhang

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1482208989

Category: Computers

Page: 249

View: 8968

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Cyber Physical Systems: Architectures, Protocols and Applications helps you understand the basic principles and key supporting standards of CPS. It analyzes different CPS applications from the bottom up, extracting the common characters that form a vertical structure. It presents mobile sensing platforms and their applications toward interrelated paradigms, highlighting and briefly discussing different types of mobile sensing platforms and the functionalities they offer. It then looks at the naming, addressing, and profile services of CPS and proposes a middleware component to meet the requirements of dynamic applications and sensors/actuators deployment/configurations across different platforms. The middle chapters of the book present a context-aware sensor search, selection, and ranking model which addresses the challenge of efficiently selecting a subset of relevant sensors out of a large set of sensors with similar functionality and capabilities. The authors consider various topics in the energy management of CPS and propose a novel energy-efficient framework. They also present the fundamental networking technologies of CPS and focus on machine-to-machine communications for CPS, specifically the open technologies such as IPv6-based solutions that can be integrated into IoT and enable wireless sensor communications. In the book's final chapters, the authors bring you up to date on mobile cloud computing (MCC) research activities that enhance the capabilities of resource-constrained smart devices in CPS sensory environments. They also present a few representative CPS applications, including connected healthcare, gaming in public transport crowds, and a series of MCC-enabled emerging CPS applications. You will find that these application fields fully demonstrate the great potential of applying CPS in public life.

Industrie 4.0 in Produktion, Automatisierung und Logistik

Anwendung · Technologien · Migration

Author: Thomas Bauernhansl,Michael ten Hompel,Birgit Vogel-Heuser

Publisher: Springer Vieweg

ISBN: 9783658046811

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 648

View: 3663

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Führende Wissenschaftler und Technologen beantworten in dem neuen Standardwerk zum Thema Industrie 4.0 die Fragestellungen: Was genau ist Industrie 4.0? Wie wird sie Produktion, Automatisierung und Logistik verändern? Was sind die Erfolgsfaktoren bei der Einführung? Welche Technologien werden das Rennen machen und wie sieht die IT der Zukunft aus? Ausgehend von ersten Anwendungen diskutieren die Autoren die wichtigsten Fragen aus Sicht der Wirtschaft und stellen einen Fahrplan für eine erfolgreiche Einführung von Industrie 4.0 vor. Ein zentraler Bestandteil des Werkes und Voraussetzung für jede Investition ist die detaillierte Beschreibung der Herausforderungen und Anforderungen an die IT anhand anschaulicher Praxisbeispiele. Die Themen reichen dabei von Basistechnologien über die vertikale und horizontale Integration bis hin zu cyber-physischen Systemen und zur Mensch-Maschine-Interaktion. Aber auch Aspekte der Datensicherheit werden behandelt. Abgerundet wird der 360-Grad-Rundumblick zum Thema Industrie 4.0. durch einen Ausblick auf die Zukunft. Ein Standardwerk zu Industrie 4.0, das in keinem Unternehmen fehlen darf.

Security and Privacy in Cyber-Physical Systems

Foundations, Principles, and Applications

Author: Houbing Song,Glenn A. Fink,Sabina Jeschke

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 111922604X

Category: Computers

Page: 472

View: 9645

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Overview of security and privacy in cyber-physical systems -- Network security and privacy for cyber-physical systems -- Tutorial on information theoretic metrics quantifying privacy in cyber-physical systems -- Cyber-physical systems and national security concerns -- Legal considerations of cyber-physical systems and the Internet of Things -- Key management -- Secure registration and remote attestation of IoT devices joining the cloud : the Stack4Things case of study -- Context awareness for adaptive access control management in IoT environments -- Data privacy issues in distributed security monitoring system -- Privacy protection for cloud-based robotic networks -- Network coding technique : security challenges and applications -- Lightweight crypto and security -- Cyber-physical vulnerabilities of wireless sensor networks in smart cities -- Towards detecting data integrity attacks in smart grid -- Survey on data security and privacy in wireless sensor systems for health -- Security of smart buildings -- The internet of postal things : making the postal infrastructure smarter -- Security and privacy issues in the internet of cows -- Admission control based load protection in the smart grid

Applied Cyber-Physical Systems

Author: Sang C. Suh,U. John Tanik,John N. Carbone,Abdullah Eroglu

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461473365

Category: Computers

Page: 253

View: 8399

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Applied Cyber-Physical Systems presents the latest methods and technologies in the area of cyber-physical systems including medical and biological applications. Cyber-physical systems (CPS) integrate computing and communication capabilities by monitoring, and controlling the physical systems via embedded hardware and computers. This book brings together unique contributions from renowned experts on cyber-physical systems research and education with applications. It also addresses the major challenges in CPS, and then provides a resolution with various diverse applications as examples. Advanced-level students and researchers focused on computer science, engineering and biomedicine will find this to be a useful secondary text book or reference, as will professionals working in this field.

Logical Foundations of Cyber-Physical Systems

Author: André Platzer

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319635873

Category: Mathematics

Page: 639

View: 6503

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Cyber-physical systems (CPSs) combine cyber capabilities, such as computation or communication, with physical capabilities, such as motion or other physical processes. Cars, aircraft, and robots are prime examples, because they move physically in space in a way that is determined by discrete computerized control algorithms. Designing these algorithms is challenging due to their tight coupling with physical behavior, while it is vital that these algorithms be correct because we rely on them for safety-critical tasks. This textbook teaches undergraduate students the core principles behind CPSs. It shows them how to develop models and controls; identify safety specifications and critical properties; reason rigorously about CPS models; leverage multi-dynamical systems compositionality to tame CPS complexity; identify required control constraints; verify CPS models of appropriate scale in logic; and develop an intuition for operational effects. The book is supported with homework exercises, lecture videos, and slides.

Smart Water Grids

A Cyber-Physical Systems Approach

Author: Panagiotis Tsakalides,Athanasia Panousopoulou,Grigorios Tsagkatakis,Luis Montestruque

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1351986163

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 348

View: 6910

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This book will present the best practices for designing, implementing, and deploying cyber-physical systems tailored to the needs of smart water grids. These grids can utilize the intelligence, autonomy, and adaptability offered by CPS for data on consumption, new alternatives for water treatment and reusability, and the impacts of climate change on water sources and urban infrastructure. It will examine topics such as smart sensing, distributed processing, networked control, enabling technologies, and heterogeneous networked topologies, and will also include case studies which will cover different aspects of the water life cycle, such as desalination, distribution, treatment, and recycling.

A 21st Century Cyber-Physical Systems Education

Author: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Computer Science and Telecommunications Board,Committee on 21st Century Cyber-Physical Systems Education

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309451639

Category: Computers

Page: 106

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Cyber-physical systems (CPS) are “engineered systems that are built from, and depend upon, the seamless integration of computational algorithms and physical components.†CPS can be small and closed, such as an artificial pancreas, or very large, complex, and interconnected, such as a regional energy grid. CPS engineering focuses on managing inter- dependencies and impact of physical aspects on cyber aspects, and vice versa. With the development of low-cost sensing, powerful embedded system hardware, and widely deployed communication networks, the reliance on CPS for system functionality has dramatically increased. These technical developments in combination with the creation of a workforce skilled in engineering CPS will allow the deployment of increasingly capable, adaptable, and trustworthy systems. Engineers responsible for developing CPS but lacking the appropriate education or training may not fully understand at an appropriate depth, on the one hand, the technical issues associated with the CPS software and hardware or, on the other hand, techniques for physical system modeling, energy and power, actuation, signal processing, and control. In addition, these engineers may be designing and implementing life-critical systems without appropriate formal training in CPS methods needed for verification and to assure safety, reliability, and security. A workforce with the appropriate education, training, and skills will be better positioned to create and manage the next generation of CPS solutions. A 21st Century Cyber-Physical Systems Education examines the intellectual content of the emerging field of CPS and its implications for engineering and computer science education. This report is intended to inform those who might support efforts to develop curricula and materials; faculty and university administrators; industries with needs for CPS workers; and current and potential students about intellectual foundations, workforce requirements, employment opportunities, and curricular needs.

Optimal Mobile Sensing and Actuation Policies in Cyber-physical Systems

Author: Christophe Tricaud,YangQuan Chen

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781447122623

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 170

View: 6752

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A successful cyber-physical system, a complex interweaving of hardware and software with some part of the physical environment, depends on proper identification of the, often pre-existing, physical element. A bespoke “cyber” part of the system may then be designed from scratch. Optimal Mobile Sensing and Actuation Strategies in Cyber-physical Systems focuses on distributed-parameter systems the dynamics of which can be modelled with partial differential equations. These are very challenging to observe, their states and inputs being distributed throughout a spatial domain. Consequently, systematic approaches to the optimization of sensor location have to be devised for parameter estimation. The text begins by reviewing the field of cyber-physical systems and introducing background notions of distributed parameter systems and optimal observation theory. New research problems are then defined within this framework. Two important problems considered are optimal mobile sensor trajectory planning and the accuracy effects and allocation of remote sensors. These are followed up with a solution to the problem of optimal robust estimation. Actuation policies are then introduced into the framework with the purpose of improving estimation and optimizing the trajectories of both sensors and actuators simultaneously. The large number of illustrations within the text will assist the reader to visualize the application of the methods proposed. A group of similar examples are used throughout the book to help the reader assimilate the material more easily. The monograph concentrates on the use of methods for which a cyber-physical-systems infrastructure is required. The methods are computationally heavy and require mobile sensors and actuators with communications abilities. Application examples cover fields from environmental science to national security so that readers are encouraged to link the ideas of cyber-physical systems with their own research.

Unersättliche Neugier

Innovation in einer fragilen Zukunft

Author: Helga Nowotny

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783931659738

Category: Creative ability

Page: 203

View: 859

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Die Moderne ist durch den Verlust von Gewißheiten geprägt, was sie nicht hindert, neue zu suchen. Die historisch einmalige Präferenz für das Neue, die mit der modernen Naturwissenschaft institutionalisiert wurde, hat Ungewißheiten mit sich gebracht, die aus dem erweiterten Handlungsraum und technischen Möglichkeiten resultieren. So endlos das Potential menschlicher Kreativität und der sie antreibenden Neugier scheinen mag, stößt sie dort auf Grenzen, wo das, was wissenschaftlich und technisch machbar ist, als gesellschaftlich unerwünscht gilt. Die wissenschaftliche Neugier soll gezähmt werden, doch gleichzeitig hat die Gesellschaft eine kollektive Wette auf die fragile Zukunft abgeschlossen. Sie lautet: Innovation. Im Buch werden die sich daraus ergebenden Spannungen analysiert und die ihnen zugrundeliegende Ambivalenz als kulturelle Ressource identifiziert. Um die Zukunft anders als in utopischen und dystopischen Bildern zu denken, müssen wir, ob wir wollen oder nicht, modern bleiben.

Extreme Programming

die revolutionäre Methode für Softwareentwicklung in kleinen Teams ; [das Manifest]

Author: Kent Beck

Publisher: Pearson Deutschland GmbH

ISBN: 9783827321398

Category:

Page: 186

View: 5923

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