Principles of Cyber-Physical Systems

Author: Rajeev Alur

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 0262029111

Category: Computers

Page: 464

View: 1181

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A foundational text that offers a rigorous introduction to the principles of design, specification, modeling, and analysis of cyber-physical systems.

Introduction to Embedded Systems

A Cyber-Physical Systems Approach

Author: Edward Ashford Lee,Sanjit A. Seshia

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 0262533812

Category: Computers

Page: 568

View: 7796

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An introduction to the engineering principles of embedded systems, with a focus on modeling, design, and analysis of cyber-physical systems.

Cyber-Physical Systems: Decision Making Mechanisms and Applications

Author: Kostas Siozios,Dimitrios Soudris,Elias Kosmatopoulos

Publisher: River Publishers

ISBN: 8793609094

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 292

View: 1633

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As systems continue to evolve they rely less on human decision-making and more on computational intelligence. This trend in conjunction with the available technologies for providing advanced sensing, measurement, process control, and communication lead towards the new field of the CyberPhysical System (CPS). CyberPhysical systems are expected to play a major role in the design and development of future engineering platforms with new capabilities that far exceed today's levels of autonomy, functionality and usability. Although these systems exhibit remarkable characteristics, their design and implementation is a challenging issue, as numerous (heterogeneous) components and services have to be appropriately modeled and simulated together. The problem of designing efficient CPS becomes far more challenging in case the target system has to meet also real-time constraints. CyberPhysical Systems: Decision Making Mechanisms and Applications describes essential theory, recent research and large-scale user cases that addresses urgent challenges in CPS architectures. In particular, it includes chapters on: Decision making for large scale CPSModeling of CPS with emphasis at the control mechanismsHardware/software implementation of the control mechanismsFault-tolerant and reliability issues for the control mechanismsCyberPhysical user-cases that incorporate challenging decision making

Cyber-Physical Systems

Foundations, Principles and Applications

Author: Houbing Song,Danda B Rawat,Sabina Jeschke,Christian Brecher

Publisher: Morgan Kaufmann

ISBN: 0128038748

Category: Computers

Page: 514

View: 9318

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Cyber-Physical Systems: Foundations, Principles and Applications explores the core system science perspective needed to design and build complex cyber-physical systems. Using Systems Science’s underlying theories, such as probability theory, decision theory, game theory, organizational sociology, behavioral economics, and cognitive psychology, the book addresses foundational issues central across CPS applications, including System Design -- How to design CPS to be safe, secure, and resilient in rapidly evolving environments, System Verification -- How to develop effective metrics and methods to verify and certify large and complex CPS, Real-time Control and Adaptation -- How to achieve real-time dynamic control and behavior adaptation in a diverse environments, such as clouds and in network-challenged spaces, Manufacturing -- How to harness communication, computation, and control for developing new products, reducing product concepts to realizable designs, and producing integrated software-hardware systems at a pace far exceeding today's timeline. The book is part of the Intelligent Data-Centric Systems: Sensor-Collected Intelligence series edited by Fatos Xhafa, Technical University of Catalonia. Indexing: The books of this series are submitted to EI-Compendex and SCOPUS Includes in-depth coverage of the latest models and theories that unify perspectives, expressing the interacting dynamics of the computational and physical components of a system in a dynamic environment Focuses on new design, analysis, and verification tools that embody the scientific principles of CPS and incorporate measurement, dynamics, and control Covers applications in numerous sectors, including agriculture, energy, transportation, building design and automation, healthcare, and manufacturing

Cyber-Physical Systems

Author: Raj Rajkumar,Dionisio de Niz,Mark Klein

Publisher: Addison-Wesley Professional

ISBN: 0133416151

Category: Computers

Page: 416

View: 1124

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Learn the State of the Art in Embedded Systems and Embrace the Internet of Things The next generation of mission-critical and embedded systems will be “cyber physical”: They will demand the precisely synchronized and seamless integration of complex sets of computational algorithms and physical components. Cyber-Physical Systems is the definitive guide to building cyber-physical systems (CPS) for a wide spectrum of engineering and computing applications. Three pioneering experts have brought together the field’s most significant work in one volume that will be indispensable for all practitioners, researchers, and advanced students. This guide addresses CPS from multiple perspectives, drawing on extensive contributions from leading researchers. The authors and contributors review key CPS challenges and innovations in multiple application domains. Next, they describe the technical foundations underlying modern CPS solutions—both what we know and what we still need to learn. Throughout, the authors offer guiding principles for every facet of CPS development, from design and analysis to planning future innovations. Comprehensive coverage includes Understanding CPS drivers, challenges, foundations, and emerging directions Building life-critical, context-aware, networked systems of medical devices Creating energy grid systems that reduce costs and fully integrate renewable energy sources Modeling complex interactions across cyber and physical domains Synthesizing algorithms to enforce CPS control Addressing space, time, energy, and reliability issues in CPS sensor networks Applying advanced approaches to real-time scheduling Securing CPS: preventing “man-in-the-middle” and other attacks Ensuring logical correctness and simplifying verification Enforcing synchronized communication between distributed agents Using model-integration languages to define formal semantics for CPS models Register your product at informit.com/register for convenient access to downloads, updates, and corrections as they become available.

Cyber-Physical Systems

Integrated Computing and Engineering Design

Author: Fei Hu

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1466577010

Category: Computers

Page: 398

View: 4191

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Cyber-physical systems (CPSs) have quickly become one of the hottest computer applications today. With their tight integration of cyber and physical objects, it is believed CPSs will transform how we interact with the physical world, just like the Internet transformed how we interact with one another. A CPS could be a system at multiple scales, from large smart bridges with fluctuation detection and responding functions, to autonomous cars and tiny implanted medical devices. Cyber-Physical Systems: Integrated Computing and Engineering Design supplies comprehensive coverage of the principles and design of CPSs. It addresses the many challenges that must be overcome and outlines a roadmap of how to get there. Emphasizes the integration of cyber computing and physical objects control Covers important CPS theory foundations and models Includes interesting case studies of several important civilian and health care applications that illustrate the CPS design process Addresses the collaboration of the sensing and controlling of a physical system with robust software architecture Explains how to account for random failure events that can occur in a real CPS environment Presented in a systematic manner, the book begins by discussing the basic concept underlying CPSs and examining some challenging design issues. It then covers the most important design theories and modeling methods for a practical CPS. Next, it moves on to sensor-based CPSs, which use embedded sensors and actuators to interact with the physical world. The text presents concrete CPS designs for popular civilian applications, including building and energy management. Reflecting the importance of human health care in society, it includes CPS examples of rehabilitation applications such as virtual reality-based disability recovery platforms.

Handbuch Industrie 4.0

Geschäftsmodelle, Prozesse, Technik

Author: Gunther Reinhart

Publisher: Carl Hanser Verlag GmbH Co KG

ISBN: 3446454586

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 700

View: 891

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Die Automatisierung der Produktion wird sich weiter beschleunigen. Grund dafür ist die so genannte 4. industrielle Revolution, die in den nächsten Jahren die Art, wie Produkte entwickelt, gefertigt und vertrieben werden, vollständig verändern wird. Durch die digitale Vernetzung der Kunden, Produzenten und Lieferanten werden sich völlig neue Prozesse etablieren. Das vorliegende Handbuch beschreibt - wie sich die Unternehmen mit Hilfe überall verfügbarer Rechnerleistung (Cloud) und sinnvoll genutzter Datenbankkapazitäten (Big Data) neue Geschäftsfelder erschließen können - wie durch den Einsatz neuer Technologien kundenindividuelle Produkte und Services wirtschaftlich darstellbar sind - wie die vorhandenen Ressourcen auf die digitale Fabrik (Smart Factory) umgestellt werden können - wie die Schnittstellen und die Verknüpfung mit der vorhandenen Informationstechnologie aussehen und wie neue Strukturen und Abläufe etabliert werden - wie die rechtlichen und sicherheitstechnischen Rahmenbedingungen aussehen. Viele verfügbaren Automatisierungskomponenten, Werkzeug- und Verarbeitungsmaschinen sind bereits Industrie 4.0-fähig. Die Herausforderung liegt in der Realisierung einer leistungsfähigen Echtzeitkommunikation zwischen diesen so genannten Cyber-physischen Systemen. Jedes Unternehmen, das in den nächsten Jahren wettbewerbsfähig bleiben möchte, befasst sich bereits konkret mit Industrie 4.0. Dieses Handbuch ist ein unverzichtbarer Begleiter auf dem Weg in dieses neue Industrie-Zeitalter.

Security and Privacy in Cyber-Physical Systems

Foundations, Principles, and Applications

Author: Houbing Song,Glenn A. Fink,Sabina Jeschke

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 111922604X

Category: Computers

Page: 472

View: 7449

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Overview of security and privacy in cyber-physical systems -- Network security and privacy for cyber-physical systems -- Tutorial on information theoretic metrics quantifying privacy in cyber-physical systems -- Cyber-physical systems and national security concerns -- Legal considerations of cyber-physical systems and the Internet of Things -- Key management -- Secure registration and remote attestation of IoT devices joining the cloud : the Stack4Things case of study -- Context awareness for adaptive access control management in IoT environments -- Data privacy issues in distributed security monitoring system -- Privacy protection for cloud-based robotic networks -- Network coding technique : security challenges and applications -- Lightweight crypto and security -- Cyber-physical vulnerabilities of wireless sensor networks in smart cities -- Towards detecting data integrity attacks in smart grid -- Survey on data security and privacy in wireless sensor systems for health -- Security of smart buildings -- The internet of postal things : making the postal infrastructure smarter -- Security and privacy issues in the internet of cows -- Admission control based load protection in the smart grid

Cyber Physical Systems

Architectures, Protocols and Applications

Author: Chi (Harold) Liu,Yan Zhang

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1482208989

Category: Computers

Page: 249

View: 6812

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Cyber Physical Systems: Architectures, Protocols and Applications helps you understand the basic principles and key supporting standards of CPS. It analyzes different CPS applications from the bottom up, extracting the common characters that form a vertical structure. It presents mobile sensing platforms and their applications toward interrelated paradigms, highlighting and briefly discussing different types of mobile sensing platforms and the functionalities they offer. It then looks at the naming, addressing, and profile services of CPS and proposes a middleware component to meet the requirements of dynamic applications and sensors/actuators deployment/configurations across different platforms. The middle chapters of the book present a context-aware sensor search, selection, and ranking model which addresses the challenge of efficiently selecting a subset of relevant sensors out of a large set of sensors with similar functionality and capabilities. The authors consider various topics in the energy management of CPS and propose a novel energy-efficient framework. They also present the fundamental networking technologies of CPS and focus on machine-to-machine communications for CPS, specifically the open technologies such as IPv6-based solutions that can be integrated into IoT and enable wireless sensor communications. In the book's final chapters, the authors bring you up to date on mobile cloud computing (MCC) research activities that enhance the capabilities of resource-constrained smart devices in CPS sensory environments. They also present a few representative CPS applications, including connected healthcare, gaming in public transport crowds, and a series of MCC-enabled emerging CPS applications. You will find that these application fields fully demonstrate the great potential of applying CPS in public life.

Cyber-Physical Systems

Innovationsmotoren für Mobilität, Gesundheit, Energie und Produktion

Author: acatech

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3642275672

Category: Computers

Page: 48

View: 8008

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Schon heute arbeiten etwa 98 Prozent der Mikroprozessoren eingebettet in Alltagsgegenständen und Geräten, über Sensoren und Aktoren mit der Außenwelt verbunden. Zunehmend werden sie untereinander und in das Internet vernetzt. Die physikalische Welt verschmilzt mit der virtuellen Welt, dem Cyberspace. Es entstehen Cyber-Physical Systems. Zukünftige Cyber-Physical Systems werden in bisher kaum vorstellbarer Weise Beiträge zu Sicherheit, Effizienz, Komfort und Gesundheit der Menschen leisten und tragen damit zur Lösung zentraler Herausforderungen unserer Gesellschaft bei, wie die alternde Bevölkerung, Ressourcenknappheit, Mobilität oder Energiewandel. Deutschland hat die Chance, sich mit innovativen Cyber-Physical Systems im internationalen Wettbewerb einen führenden Platz zu sichern. Welche Voraussetzungen dafür zu schaffen sind und wie Deutschland die technischen, politischen und gesellschaftlichen Hürden auf dem Weg dorthin bewältigen kann, benennt acatech in dieser Stellungnahme.​​

Projektmanagement am Rande des Chaos

Sozialtechniken für komplexe Systeme

Author: Alfred Oswald,Jens Köhler,Roland Schmitt

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3662557568

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 279

View: 1542

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Die Autoren zeigen in diesem Buch, dass Komplexität ein Geschenk ist, das man für die erfolgreiche Durchführung von Projekten nutzbar machen kann, sei es um Neues zu erschaffen oder auch um Bestehendes zu ändern. Dabei ist das Methodenparadigma im Projektmanagement derzeit massiv im Umbruch. Durch Vernetzung einer Vielzahl von Einflussgrößen sind Projekte komplexe Gebilde, die mit klassischen Methoden, die auf Ursache-Wirkung-Ansätzen beruhen, nicht bewältigt werden können. Komplexität und das damit verbundene Phänomen der Selbstorganisation bieten eine große Chance, indem sie als wesentliche Treiber für die Durchführung von Projekten genutzt werden können. Dies erfordert die Prinzipien der Komplexität zu identifizieren und für das Projektmanagement einzusetzen. Damit werden ganz eigene und neuartige Kompetenzanforderungen an die beteiligten Personen gestellt. In diesem Buch werden neueste Erkenntnisse aus den Naturwissenschaften und der Hirnforschung verwendet und in ein praxisorientiertes Framework übertragen. Es wird dargelegt, was Komplexität ist, welche Möglichkeiten der Komplexitätsregulation es in Projekten gibt und wie Selbstorganisation für das Management von Projekten angewendet werden kann.

Secure and Trustworthy Transportation Cyber-Physical Systems

Author: Yunchuan Sun,Houbing Song

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9811038929

Category: Computers

Page: 159

View: 9802

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This book comprehensively reviews the cyber security and privacy issues in transportation cyber-physical systems (TCPSs). It examines theories and various state-of-the-art technologies and methodologies. Starting with a survey of the latest solutions in TCPSs, it introduces a smart-transport-system architecture design based on cyber-physical systems. It then discusses in detail the principles and metrics of evaluating safety and privacy in TCPSs and elaborates the verification and analysis of secure, robust and trustworthy TCPSs. Moreover, it demonstrates the advanced and novel tools commonly used in practice by several researchers. Lastly it provides an exhaustive case study on the authentication and attestation in TCPSs. This book is of interest not only to readers in the field of TCPSs, but also to those in interdisciplinary fields, such as energy, healthcare, bio-engineering etc.

agendaCPS

Integrierte Forschungsagenda Cyber-Physical Systems

Author: Eva Geisberger,Manfred Broy

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3642290981

Category: Computers

Page: 297

View: 4796

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Der rasche Fortschritt der Informationstechnik ermöglicht, in Kombination mit der Mikrosystemtechnik, immer leistungsfähigere softwareintensive eingebettete Systeme und integrierte Anwendungen. Zunehmend werden diese untereinander, aber auch mit Daten und Diensten im Internet vernetzt. So entstehen intelligente Lösungen, die mithilfe von Sensoren und Aktoren Prozesse der physikalischen Welt erfassen, sie mit der virtuellen Softwarewelt verbinden und in Interaktion mit den Menschen überwachen und steuern. Auf diese Weise entstehen sogenannte Cyber-Physical Systems, Die agendaCPS gibt einen umfassenden Überblick über das Phänomen der Cyber-Physical Systems und die damit verbundenen vielfältigen Herausforderungen. Sie illustriert, welchen Stellenwert das Thema für Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft hat: Revolutionäre Anwendungen von Cyber-Physical Systems adressieren technische und gesellschaftliche Trends und Bedürfnisse; gleichzeitig durchdringen und verknüpfen sie immer mehr Lebensbereiche. Zu den Anwendungen zählen erweiterte Mobilität, intelligente Städte, integrierte telemedizinische Versorgung, Sicherheit sowie vernetzte Produktion und Energiewandel. Die agendaCPS zeigt auf, welche Technologien die Grundlage von Cyber-Physical Systems bilden und welches Innovationspotenzial ihnen innewohnt. Zudem macht sie deutlich, welche Forschungs- und Handlungsfelder besonders wichtig sind. Anhand von Zukunftsszenarien werden wesentliche Anwendungsdomänen dargestellt, allen voran integrierte Mobilität, Telemedizin und intelligente Energieversorgung. In diesen Zusammenhängen werden Chancen, aber auch Risiken für Deutschland durch Cyber-Physical Systems deutlich.

Logical Foundations of Cyber-Physical Systems

Author: André Platzer

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319635873

Category: Mathematics

Page: 639

View: 1922

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Cyber-physical systems (CPSs) combine cyber capabilities, such as computation or communication, with physical capabilities, such as motion or other physical processes. Cars, aircraft, and robots are prime examples, because they move physically in space in a way that is determined by discrete computerized control algorithms. Designing these algorithms is challenging due to their tight coupling with physical behavior, while it is vital that these algorithms be correct because we rely on them for safety-critical tasks. This textbook teaches undergraduate students the core principles behind CPSs. It shows them how to develop models and controls; identify safety specifications and critical properties; reason rigorously about CPS models; leverage multi-dynamical systems compositionality to tame CPS complexity; identify required control constraints; verify CPS models of appropriate scale in logic; and develop an intuition for operational effects. The book is supported with homework exercises, lecture videos, and slides.

Zukunft der Arbeit in Industrie 4.0

Author: Alfons Botthof,Ernst Andreas Hartmann

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3662459159

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 167

View: 575

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Das Zukunftsprojekt „Industrie 4.0“, das ein zentrales Element der Hightech-Strategie der Bundesregierung darstellt, zielt auf die Informatisierung der klassischen Industrien, wie z. B. der industriellen Produktion. Auf dem Weg zum Internet der Dinge soll durch die Verschmelzung der virtuellen mit der physikalischen Welt zu Cyber-Physical Systems und dem dadurch möglichen Zusammenwachsen der technischen Prozesse mit den Geschäftsprozessen der Produktionsstandort Deutschland in ein neues Zeitalter geführt werden. Das Technologieprogramm „Autonomik für Industrie 4.0“ des Bundesministeriums für Wirtschaft und Energie (BMWi) ist Teil des Zukunftsprojekts „Industrie 4.0“. Im Kontext dieses Programms ist der vorliegende Band entstanden. Das Buch gibt einen Überblick über mögliche Wege in die die Zukunft der Arbeit unter den Bedingungen von Autonomik und Industrie 4.0. Zentrale Herausforderungen, Chancen und Risiken werden aus Sicht der Forschung, der Industrie und der Sozialpartner benannt. Beispielhafte Gestaltungslösungen aus den Bereichen Produktions- und Automatisierungstechnik, Robotik, Virtual Engineering, Landmaschinen und Lernfabriken illustrieren die im Buch dargestellten Trends.

A 21st Century Cyber-Physical Systems Education

Author: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Computer Science and Telecommunications Board,Committee on 21st Century Cyber-Physical Systems Education

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309451639

Category: Computers

Page: 106

View: 7083

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Cyber-physical systems (CPS) are “engineered systems that are built from, and depend upon, the seamless integration of computational algorithms and physical components.†CPS can be small and closed, such as an artificial pancreas, or very large, complex, and interconnected, such as a regional energy grid. CPS engineering focuses on managing inter- dependencies and impact of physical aspects on cyber aspects, and vice versa. With the development of low-cost sensing, powerful embedded system hardware, and widely deployed communication networks, the reliance on CPS for system functionality has dramatically increased. These technical developments in combination with the creation of a workforce skilled in engineering CPS will allow the deployment of increasingly capable, adaptable, and trustworthy systems. Engineers responsible for developing CPS but lacking the appropriate education or training may not fully understand at an appropriate depth, on the one hand, the technical issues associated with the CPS software and hardware or, on the other hand, techniques for physical system modeling, energy and power, actuation, signal processing, and control. In addition, these engineers may be designing and implementing life-critical systems without appropriate formal training in CPS methods needed for verification and to assure safety, reliability, and security. A workforce with the appropriate education, training, and skills will be better positioned to create and manage the next generation of CPS solutions. A 21st Century Cyber-Physical Systems Education examines the intellectual content of the emerging field of CPS and its implications for engineering and computer science education. This report is intended to inform those who might support efforts to develop curricula and materials; faculty and university administrators; industries with needs for CPS workers; and current and potential students about intellectual foundations, workforce requirements, employment opportunities, and curricular needs.

Applied Cyber-Physical Systems

Author: Sang C. Suh,U. John Tanik,John N. Carbone,Abdullah Eroglu

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461473365

Category: Computers

Page: 253

View: 7371

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Applied Cyber-Physical Systems presents the latest methods and technologies in the area of cyber-physical systems including medical and biological applications. Cyber-physical systems (CPS) integrate computing and communication capabilities by monitoring, and controlling the physical systems via embedded hardware and computers. This book brings together unique contributions from renowned experts on cyber-physical systems research and education with applications. It also addresses the major challenges in CPS, and then provides a resolution with various diverse applications as examples. Advanced-level students and researchers focused on computer science, engineering and biomedicine will find this to be a useful secondary text book or reference, as will professionals working in this field.