Principles of Geographical Information Systems

Author: Peter A. Burrough,Rachael McDonnell,Rachael A. McDonnell,Christopher D. Lloyd

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198742843

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 432

View: 9126

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Geographical data are used in so many aspects of our lives today, from disaster relief operations to finding directions on our cellphones. Geographical Information Systems (GIS) are the software tools that turn raw data into useful information that can help us understand our world better.Principles of Geographical Information Systems presents a strong theoretical basis for GIS-often lacking in other texts-and an account of its practice. Through real-world examples, this text clearly explains the importance of spatial data and the information systems based upon them in solving arange of practical problems.

Geographic Information Systems for Transportation

Principles and Applications

Author: Harvey J. Miller,Shih-Lung Shaw

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780195123944

Category: Science

Page: 458

View: 3134

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GIS data and tools are revolutionizing transportation research and decision making, allowing transportation analysts and professionals to understand and solve complex transportation problems that were previously impossible. Here, Miller and Shaw present a comprehensive discussion of fundamental geographic science and the applications of these principles using GIS and other software tools. By providing thorough and accessible discussions of transportation analysis within a GIS environment, this volume fills a critical niche in GIS-T and GIS literature.

Fundamentals of GIS 2nd Edition Update with Integrated Lab Manual

Author: Michael N. DeMers

Publisher: Wiley

ISBN: 9780471426097

Category: Science

Page: 656

View: 8858

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The Updated Second Edition of Fundamentals of Geographic Information Systems includes thirteen laboratory exercises integrated into the text itself. The labs are linked to particular chapter where the concepts described in the reading can be practiced immediately in a laboratory setting. The second edition of this well-received text on principles of geographic information systems (GIS) continues the author\'s style of "straight talk" in its presentation. The writing is accessible and easy to follow. Unlike most other texts, this book covers GIS design and modeling, reflecting the belief that modeling and analysis are at the heart of GIS. This enables students to understand how to use a GIS and what it does.

Geographic Information Systems and Science

Author: Paul A. Longley,Mike Goodchild,David J. Maguire,David W. Rhind

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470721448

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 560

View: 9141

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The Third Edition of this bestselling textbook has been fully revised and updated to include the latest developments in the field and still retains its accessible format to appeal to a broad range of students. Now divided into five clear sections the book investigates the unique, complex and difficult problems that are posed by geographic information and together they build into a holistic understanding of the key principles of GIS. This is the most current, authoritative and comprehensive treatment of the field, that goes from fundamental principles to the big picture of: GIS and the New World Order security, health and well-being digital differentiation in GIS consumption the core organizing role of GIS in Geography the greening of GIS grand challenges of GIScience science and explanation Key features: Four-colour throughout Associated website with free online resources Teacher’s manual available for lecturers A complete learning resource, with accompanying instructor links, free online lab resources and personal syllabi Includes learning objectives and review boxes throughout each chapter New in this edition: Completely revised with a new five part structure: Foundations; Principles; Techniques; Analysis; Management and Policy All new personality boxes of current GIS practitioners New chapters on Distributed GIS, Map Production, Geovisualization, Modeling, and Managing GIS

Geographical Information Systems in Archaeology

Author: James Conolly,Mark Lake

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521793300

Category: Social Science

Page: 338

View: 1606

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Geographical Information Systems has moved from the domain of the computer specialist into the wider archaeological community, providing it with an exciting new research method. This clearly written but rigorous book provides a comprehensive guide to that use. Topics covered include: the theoretical context and the basics of GIS; data acquisition including database design; interpolation of elevation models; exploratory data analysis including spatial queries; statistical spatial analysis; map algebra; spatial operations including the calculation of slope and aspect, filtering and erosion modeling; methods for analysing regions; visibility analysis; network analysis including hydrological modeling; the production of high quality output for paper and electronic publication; and the use and production of metadata. Offering an extensive range of archaeological examples, it is an invaluable source of practical information for all archaeologists, whether engaged in cultural resource management or academic research. This is essential reading for both the novice and the advanced user.

Computing in Geographic Information Systems

Author: Narayan Panigrahi

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1482223147

Category: Mathematics

Page: 303

View: 6263

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Capable of acquiring large volumes of data through sensors deployed in air, land, and sea, and making this information readily available in a continuous time frame, the science of geographical information system (GIS) is rapidly evolving. This popular information system is emerging as a platform for scientific visualization, simulation, and computation of spatio-temporal data. New computing techniques are being researched and implemented to match the increasing capability of modern-day computing platforms and easy availability of spatio-temporal data. This has led to the need for the design, analysis, development, and optimization of new algorithms for extracting spatio-temporal patterns from a large volume of spatial data. Computing in Geographic Information Systems considers the computational aspects, and helps students understand the mathematical principles of GIS. It provides a deeper understanding of the algorithms and mathematical methods inherent in the process of designing and developing GIS functions. It examines the associated scientific computations along with the applications of computational geometry, differential geometry, and affine geometry in processing spatial data. It also covers the mathematical aspects of geodesy, cartography, map projection, spatial interpolation, spatial statistics, and coordinate transformation. The book discusses the principles of bathymetry and generation of electronic navigation charts. The book consists of 12 chapters. Chapters one through four delve into the modeling and preprocessing of spatial data and prepares the spatial data as input to the GIS system. Chapters five through eight describe the various techniques of computing the spatial data using different geometric and statically techniques. Chapters nine through eleven define the technique for image registration computation and measurements of spatial objects and phenomenon. Examines cartographic modeling and map projection Covers the mathematical aspects of different map projections Explores some of the spatial analysis techniques and applications of GIS Introduces the bathymetric principles and systems generated using bathymetric charts Explains concepts of differential geometry, affine geometry, and computational geometry Discusses popular analysis and measurement methods used in GIS This text outlines the key concepts encompassing GIS and spatio-temporal information, and is intended for students, researchers, and professionals engaged in analysis, visualization, and estimation of spatio-temporal events.

Introduction to Geographic Information Systems

Author: Kang-tsung Chang

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Higher Education

ISBN: 1259613445

Category: Science

Page: 448

View: 3423

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Introduction to Geographic Information Systems, 8th edition is designed to provide students in a first or second GIS course with a solid foundation in both GIS concepts and the use of GIS. Introduction to GIS strikes a careful balance between GIS concepts and hands-on applications. The main portion of the chapter presents GIS terms and concepts and helps students learn how each one fits into a complete GIS system. At the end of each chapter, an application section with 2-7 tasks presents students with actual GIS exercises and the necessary data to solve the problem.

Introducing Geographic Information Systems with ArcGIS

A Workbook Approach to Learning GIS

Author: Michael D. Kennedy

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 111833034X

Category: Science

Page: 672

View: 4371

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An integrated approach that combines essential GIS background with a practical workbook on applying the principles in ArcGIS 10.0 and 10.1 Introducing Geographic Information Systems with ArcGISintegrates a broad introduction to GIS with a software-specific workbook for Esri's ArcGIS. Where most courses make do using two separate texts, one covering GIS and another the software, this book enables students and instructors to use a single text with an integrated approach covering both in one volume with a common vocabulary and instructional style. This revised edition focuses on the latest software updates—ArcGIS 10.0 and 10.1. In addition to its already successful coverage, the book allows students to experience publishing maps on the Internet through new exercises, and introduces the idea of programming in the language Esri has chosen for applications (i.e., Python). A DVD is packaged with the book, as in prior editions, containing data for working out all of the exercises. This complete, user-friendly coursebook: Is updated for the latest ArcGIS releases—ArcGIS 10.0 and 10.1 Introduces the central concepts of GIS and topics needed to understand spatial information analysis Provides a considerable ability to operate important tools in ArcGIS Demonstrates new capabilities of ArcGIS 10.0 and 10.1 Provides a basis for the advanced study of GIS and the study of the newly emerging field of GIScience Introducing Geographic Information Systems with ArcGIS, Third Edition is the ideal guide for undergraduate students taking courses such as Introduction to GIS, Fundamentals of GIS, and Introduction to ArcGIS Desktop. It is also an important guide for professionals looking to update their skills for ArcGIS 10.0 and 10.1.

Geospatial Analysis

A Comprehensive Guide to Principles, Techniques and Software Tools

Author: Michael John De Smith,Michael F. Goodchild,Paul Longley

Publisher: Troubador Publishing Ltd

ISBN: 1905886608

Category: Mathematics

Page: 394

View: 6387

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Addresses a range of analytical techniques that are provided within modern Geographic Information Systems and related geospatial software products. This guide covers: the principal concepts of geospatial analysis; core components of geospatial analysis; and, surface analysis, including surface form analysis, gridding and interpolation methods.

Geographic Information Systems for Geoscientists

Modelling with GIS

Author: Graeme Bonham-Carter

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080424200

Category: Science

Page: 398

View: 4163

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Introduction to GIS. Spatial data models. Spatial data structures. Spatial data input. Visualization and query of spatial data. Spatial data transformations. Tools for map analysis: single maps. Tools for map analysis: map pairs. Tools for map analysis: multiple maps.

Thinking about GIS

Geographic Information System Planning for Managers

Author: Roger F. Tomlinson

Publisher: ESRI, Inc.

ISBN: 1589481585

Category: Science

Page: 238

View: 867

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Describes how to implement a successful geographic information system.

Web GIS

Principles and Applications

Author: Pinde Fu,Jiulin Sun

Publisher: Esri Press

ISBN: 9781589482456

Category: Computers

Page: 296

View: 6933

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This book offers a balance of principles, concepts, and techniques to guide readers toward an understanding of how the World Wide Web can expand and modernize the way you use GIS technology.--[book cover]

Community Participation and Geographical Information Systems

Author: William J. Craig,Trevor M. Harris,Daniel Weiner

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780203469484

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 416

View: 2492

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Have you ever considered how much effect information technology has on society throughout the world? Progress often places lower income and marginalized communities at a distinct disadvantage. Community Participation and Geographic Information Systems, however, offers a detailed look at numerous incidences around the world where communities have actually taken control of the technology and really used it to their advantage. This is presented in the form of case studies and models such as Philadelphia's neighborhoods, the Atlanta Project, and neighborhood revitalization in Minneapolis, reflect on public participation in GIS concepts, best practices, constraints and opportunities.

Geographical Information Systems

An Introduction

Author: Julie Delaney,Kimberly Van Niel

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 214

View: 7745

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Geographical Information Systems, 2nd edition is designed to give a sound introduction to GIS for students with little or no knowledge of the subject. Using real world examples, this new edition provides a concise introduction to the theory and practice of GIS. Interviews are included throughout the text with people using GIS beyond academia. These interviewees provide succinct opinions of the complexities of the field and comment on the real-world issues. This is designed to get students interested in the theory because they can see the real-world application. In a field which is typically heavy in the use of software specific labels and terminology, the simplicity of this text is designed for the applied GIS user rather than the technical, computing science GIS population. The text is ideal for students new to GIS and does not assume prior knowledge. The book is structured to provide a cumulative learning experience and gradually leads the student through the subject matter. There is a strong pedagogical focus with new examples with new GIS application and Australian stories and interviews included to add insight to the modern GIS direction.