Principles of Linguistic Change, Social Factors

Author: William Labov

Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell

ISBN: 9780631179160

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 592

View: 4506

DOWNLOAD NOW »
This volume presents the long-anticipated results of several decades of inquiry into the social origins and social motivation of linguistic change. Written by one of the founders of modern sociolinguistics Features the first complete report on the Philadelphia project designed to establish the social location of the leaders of linguistic change Includes chapters on social class, neighborhood, ethnicity, gender, and social networks that delineate the leaders of linguistic change as women of the upper working class with a high density of interaction within their neighborhoods and a high proportion of weak ties outside of it

Principles of Linguistic Change, Cognitive and Cultural Factors

Author: William Labov

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1405112158

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 448

View: 5629

DOWNLOAD NOW »
Written by the world-renowned pioneer in the field of modern sociolinguistics, this volume examines the cognitive and cultural factors responsible for linguistic change, tracing the life history of these developments, from triggering events to driving forces and endpoints. Explores the major insights obtained by combining sociolinguistics with the results of dialect geography on a large scale Examines the cognitive and cultural influences responsible for linguistic change Demonstrates under what conditions dialects diverge from one another Establishes an essential distinction between transmission within the community and diffusion across communities Completes Labov?s seminal Principles of Linguistic Change trilogy

Principles of Linguistic Change, Social Factors

Author: William Labov

Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell

ISBN: 9780631179160

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 592

View: 9802

DOWNLOAD NOW »
This volume presents the long-anticipated results of several decades of inquiry into the social origins and social motivation of linguistic change. Written by one of the founders of modern sociolinguistics Features the first complete report on the Philadelphia project designed to establish the social location of the leaders of linguistic change Includes chapters on social class, neighborhood, ethnicity, gender, and social networks that delineate the leaders of linguistic change as women of the upper working class with a high density of interaction within their neighborhoods and a high proportion of weak ties outside of it

Language and Woman's Place

Text and Commentaries

Author: Robin Tolmach Lakoff

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780195347173

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 320

View: 6967

DOWNLOAD NOW »
The 1975 publication of Robin Tolmach Lakoff's Language and Woman's Place, is widely recognized as having inaugurated feminist research on the relationship between language and gender, touching off a remarkable response among language scholars, feminists, and general readers. For the past thirty years, scholars of language and gender have been debating and developing Lakoff's initial observations. Arguing that language is fundamental to gender inequality, Lakoff pointed to two areas in which inequalities can be found: Language used about women, such as the asymmetries between seemingly parallel terms like master and mistress, and language used by women, which places women in a double bind between being appropriately feminine and being fully human. Lakoff's central argument that "women's language" expresses powerlessness triggered a controversy that continues to this day. The revised and expanded edition presents the full text of the original first edition, along with an introduction and annotations by Lakoff in which she reflects on the text a quarter century later and expands on some of the most widely discussed issues it raises. The volume also brings together commentaries from twenty-six leading scholars of language, gender, and sexuality, within linguistics, anthropology, modern languages, education, information sciences, and other disciplines. The commentaries discuss the book's contribution to feminist research on language and explore its ongoing relevance for scholarship in the field. This new edition of Language and Woman's Place not only makes available once again the pioneering text of feminist linguistics; just as important, it places the text in the context of contemporary feminist and gender theory for a new generation of readers.

Dialect Diversity in America

The Politics of Language Change

Author: William Labov

Publisher: University of Virginia Press

ISBN: 0813933277

Category: Social Science

Page: 192

View: 1336

DOWNLOAD NOW »
The sociolinguist William Labov has worked for decades on change in progress in American dialects and on African American Vernacular English (AAVE). In Dialect Diversity in America, Labov examines the diversity among American dialects and presents the counterintuitive finding that geographically localized dialects of North American English are increasingly diverging from one another over time. Contrary to the general expectation that mass culture would diminish regional differences, the dialects of Los Angeles, Dallas, Chicago, Birmingham, Buffalo, Philadelphia, and New York are now more different from each other than they were a hundred years ago. Equally significant is Labov's finding that AAVE does not map with the geography and timing of changes in other dialects. The home dialect of most African American speakers has developed a grammar that is more and more different from that of the white mainstream dialects in the major cities studied and yet highly homogeneous throughout the United States. Labov describes the political forces that drive these ongoing changes, as well as the political consequences in public debate. The author also considers the recent geographical reversal of political parties in the Blue States and the Red States and the parallels between dialect differences and the results of recent presidential elections. Finally, in attempting to account for the history and geography of linguistic change among whites, Labov highlights fascinating correlations between patterns of linguistic divergence and the politics of race and slavery, going back to the antebellum United States. Complemented by an online collection of audio files that illustrate key dialectical nuances, Dialect Diversity in America offers an unparalleled sociolinguistic study from a preeminent scholar in the field.

Linguistic Variation and Change

Author: Scott F. Kiesling

Publisher: Edinburgh University Press

ISBN: 074863763X

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 208

View: 9262

DOWNLOAD NOW »
The study of variation and change is at the heart of the sociolinguistics. Providing a wide survey of the field, this textbook is organised around three constraints on variation: linguistic structure, social structure and identity, and social and linguistic perception. By considering both structure and meaning, Scott F. Kiesling examines the most important issues surrounding variation theory, including canonical studies and terms as well as challenges to them.

An Introduction to Contact Linguistics

Author: Donald Winford

Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell

ISBN: 9780631212508

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 434

View: 7953

DOWNLOAD NOW »
This book is a comprehensive introduction to the study of language contact and its outcomes, as well as the social and linguistic factors involved. Provides a comprehensive introduction to the field of contact linguistics. Examines a wide range of language contact phenomena from both general linguistic and sociolinguistic perspectives. Offers an account of current approaches to all of the major types of contact-induced change. Discusses the general processes and principles that are at work in cases of contact.

Introducing Sociolinguistics

Author: Miriam Meyerhoff

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1135284431

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 368

View: 7753

DOWNLOAD NOW »
This second edition of Miriam Meyerhoff’s highly successful textbook is supported by the Routledge Sociolinguistics Reader and online resources common to both books. It provides a solid, up-to-date appreciation of the interdisciplinary nature of the field covering foundation issues, recent advances and current debates. It presents familiar or classic data in new ways, and supplements the familiar with fresh examples from a wide range of languages and social settings. It clearly explains the patterns and systems that underlie language variation in use, as well as the ways in which alternations between different language varieties index personal style, social power and national identity. New features of the second edition: a wider range of approaches to politeness theory incorporating an international range of research expanded sections on multi-lingualism and code-switching, social class, dialect contact and tracking change over time linkage to the new Routledge Sociolinguistics Reader which can be used alongside this textbook, allowing students to supplement and build on material covered in the textbook. a shared website serving both Reader and Textbook which includes web- and video-links, interactive exercises and an expanded online glossary at: www.routledge.com/textbooks/meyerhoff a refreshed text design to assist navigation through textbook and reader. Each chapter includes exercises that enable readers to engage critically with the text, break-out boxes making connections between sociolinguistics and linguistic or social theory, and brief, lively add-ons guaranteed to make the book a memorable and enjoyable read. With a full glossary of terms and suggestions for further reading, this text gives students all the tools they need for an excellent command of sociolinguistics.

Linguistic Variation and Change

Author: Scott F Kiesling

Publisher: Edinburgh University Press

ISBN: 0748688315

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 208

View: 7677

DOWNLOAD NOW »
A comprehensive study of variation and change, including current debates in the area.

Linguistic Borrowing in Bilingual Contexts

Author: Fredric W. Field

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9789027230652

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 252

View: 2484

DOWNLOAD NOW »
A number of previous approaches to linguistic borrowing and contact phenomena in general have concluded that there are no formal boundaries whatsoever to the kinds of material that can pass from one language into another. At the same time, various hierarchies illustrate that some things are indeed more likely to be borrowed than others. Linguistic Borrowing in Bilingual Contexts addresses both, by examining claims of no absolute limits and synthesizing various hierarchies. It observes that all contact phenomena are systematic, and borrowing is no exception. Regarding forms, the determining factors lie in the nature of the morphological systems in contact and how they relate to one another. Two principles are proposed to determine the nature of the systematicity and interaction: the Principle of System Compatibility (PSC), and its corollary, the Principle of System Incompatibility (PSI). Together, these principles provide a consistent account of the possibilities and limits to borrowing.

The Handbook of Historical Sociolinguistics

Author: Juan Manuel Hernández-Campoy,Juan Camilo Conde-Silvestre

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 111825726X

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 704

View: 6796

DOWNLOAD NOW »
Written by an international team of leading scholars, this groundbreaking reference work explores the nature of language change and diffusion, and paves the way for future research in this rapidly expanding interdisciplinary field. Features 35 newly-written essays from internationally acclaimed experts that reflect the growth and vitality of the burgeoning area of historical sociolinguistics Examines how sociolinguistic theoretical models, methods, findings, and expertise can be used to reconstruct a language's past in order to explain linguistic changes and developments Bridges the gap between the past and the present in linguistic studies Structured thematically into sections exploring: origins and theoretical assumptions; methods for the sociolinguistic study of the history of languages; linguistic and extra-linguistic variables; historical dialectology, language contact and diffusion; and attitudes to language

General Linguistics

Author: Edward Sapir,Pierre Swiggers

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 9783110195194

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 582

View: 4509

DOWNLOAD NOW »
Volume I of Edward Sapir's Collected Works contains the reedition of Sapir's papers and reviews in general linguistics, in the philosophy of language and linguistics (the origin of language; general semantics; the construction of an international auxiliary language), as well as his articles on 'language' and 'dialect' written for the Encyclopedia of Social Sciences. The texts have been reedited and supplied with an introductory study and notes. The introductory studies assess Sapir's contribution to the linguistic study of the various topics dealt with. Volume I also contains a reprint of retrospective appraisals of Sapir's work in general linguistics written by Zellig Harris and Stanley Newman.

Verbal Behavior

Author: B. F. Skinner

Publisher: B. F. Skinner Foundation

ISBN: 0989983900

Category: Psychology

Page: 1025

View: 2529

DOWNLOAD NOW »
In 1934, at the age of 30, B. F. Skinner found himself at a dinner sitting next to Professor Alfred North Whitehead. Never one to lose an opportunity to promote behaviorism, Skinner expounded its main tenets to the distinguished philosopher. Whitehead acknowledged that science might account for most of human behavior but he would not include verbal behavior. He ended the discussion with a challenge: "Let me see you," he said, "account for my behavior as I sit here saying, 'No black scorpion is falling upon this table.'" The next morning Skinner began this book. It took him over twenty years to complete. This book extends the laboratory-based principles of selection by consequences to account for what people say, write, gesture, and think. Skinner argues that verbal behavior requires a separate analysis because it does not operate on the environment directly, but rather through the behavior of other people in a verbal community. He illustrates his thesis with examples from literature, the arts, and sciences, as well as from his own verbal behavior and that of his colleagues and children. Perhaps it is because this theoretical work provides a way to approach that most human of human behavior that Skinner ofter called Verbal Behavior his most important work.

Variationist Sociolinguistics

Change, Observation, Interpretation

Author: Sali A. Tagliamonte

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1444344455

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 424

View: 5128

DOWNLOAD NOW »
Variationist Sociolinguistics: Change, Observation, Interpretation presents a comprehensive, intermediate level examination of Language Variation and Change, the branch of sociolinguistics concerned with linguistic variation in spoken and written language. Represents the most up-to-date coverage of the history, developments, and methodologies of variationist sociolinguistics Addresses all aspects of linguistic variation, including areas not usually covered in introductory texts, e.g. the phonological, morpho-syntactic, discourse/pragmatic Outlines comparative sociolinguistic approach, data collection, methodological issues; and addresses state-of-the-art contemporary quantitative methods and statistical practice Features cutting-edge research at an appropriate level to facilitate student learning Engages students throughout with a variety of pedagogical features, including Mini Quizzes to test comprehension, extensive Exercises at the end of each chapter, the opportunity to do hands-on quantitative analysis of a never-before published data set, and Notes and Tips that offer insight into conducting sociolinguistic research. Extra materials and answers to the exercises are available at www.wiley.com/go/tagliamonte

A handbook of varieties of English

a multimedia reference tool. Morphology and syntax

Author: Bernd Kortmann

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 9783110175325

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 1226

View: 9765

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Africa, South and Southeast Asia

Author: Rajend Mesthrie

Publisher: Mouton De Gruyter

ISBN: 9783110196382

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 655

View: 2165

DOWNLOAD NOW »
"The accompanying CD-ROM contains interactive maps and speech samples that supplement the printed articles and offer material and data for further research."--Book cover.

The Pacific and Australasia

Author: Kate Burridge,Bernd Kortmann

Publisher: Mouton De Gruyter

ISBN: 9783110196375

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 618

View: 6487

DOWNLOAD NOW »
This new multimedia textbook covers the phonology, morphology and syntax of varieties of English in the Americas and the Caribbean. It is accompanied by an interactive CD-ROM. The articles, written by widely acclaimed specialists, provide concise and comprehensive information on the phonetic, morphological and syntactic characteristics of each variety discussed. They are followed by exercises and study questions that can be used for classroom assignments as well as for self study in preparation for exams. The multimedia CD-ROM contains sound samples, speech recordings, interactive and synchronized maps, an extensive bibliography on relevant research literature,and links to pertinent websites.

Course in General Linguistics

Author: Ferdinand de Saussure

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 1472508823

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 288

View: 3021

DOWNLOAD NOW »
Ferdinand de Saussure is commonly regarded as one of the fathers of 20th Century Linguistics. His lectures, posthumously published as the Course in General Linguistics ushered in the structuralist mode which marked a key turning point in modern thought. Philosophers such as Jacques Derrida and Roland Barthes, psychoanalysts such as Jacques Lacan, the anthropologist ClaudeLevi-Strauss and linguists such as Noam Chomsky all found an important influence for their work in the pages of Saussure's text. Published 100 years after Saussure's death, this new edition of Roy Harris's authoritative translation is now available in the Bloomsbury Revelations series with a substantial new introduction exploring Saussure's contemporary influence and importance.

Dialect Contact and Identity

A Case Study of Exogamous Sui Clans

Author: James Norris Stanford

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Anthropological linguistics

Page: 638

View: 7915

DOWNLOAD NOW »