Principles of Linguistic Change, Social Factors

Author: William Labov

Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell

ISBN: 9780631179160

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 592

View: 9635

DOWNLOAD NOW »
This volume presents the long-anticipated results of several decades of inquiry into the social origins and social motivation of linguistic change. Written by one of the founders of modern sociolinguistics Features the first complete report on the Philadelphia project designed to establish the social location of the leaders of linguistic change Includes chapters on social class, neighborhood, ethnicity, gender, and social networks that delineate the leaders of linguistic change as women of the upper working class with a high density of interaction within their neighborhoods and a high proportion of weak ties outside of it

Principles of Linguistic Change, Cognitive and Cultural Factors

Author: William Labov

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1405112158

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 448

View: 2464

DOWNLOAD NOW »
Written by the world-renowned pioneer in the field of modern sociolinguistics, this volume examines the cognitive and cultural factors responsible for linguistic change, tracing the life history of these developments, from triggering events to driving forces and endpoints. Explores the major insights obtained by combining sociolinguistics with the results of dialect geography on a large scale Examines the cognitive and cultural influences responsible for linguistic change Demonstrates under what conditions dialects diverge from one another Establishes an essential distinction between transmission within the community and diffusion across communities Completes Labov?s seminal Principles of Linguistic Change trilogy

Principles of Linguistic Change, Social Factors

Author: William Labov

Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell

ISBN: 9780631179160

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 592

View: 860

DOWNLOAD NOW »
This volume presents the long-anticipated results of several decades of inquiry into the social origins and social motivation of linguistic change. Written by one of the founders of modern sociolinguistics Features the first complete report on the Philadelphia project designed to establish the social location of the leaders of linguistic change Includes chapters on social class, neighborhood, ethnicity, gender, and social networks that delineate the leaders of linguistic change as women of the upper working class with a high density of interaction within their neighborhoods and a high proportion of weak ties outside of it

Principles of Linguistic Change, Internal Factors

Author: William Labov

Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell

ISBN: 9780631179146

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 664

View: 8194

DOWNLOAD NOW »
This book develops the general principles of linguistic change that form the foundations of historical linguistics, dialectology and sociolinguistics. Demonstrates the social as well as cognitive relevance of linguistic research Shows that rapid linguistic change is in progress in the cities of America and England so that urban dialects are becoming more and more differentiated Discusses factors that govern the internal development of linguistic structures: the mechanisms of change, the constraints on change, and the ways in which change is embedded in the larger linguistic system

Language and Woman's Place

Text and Commentaries

Author: Robin Tolmach Lakoff

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780195347173

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 320

View: 1919

DOWNLOAD NOW »
The 1975 publication of Robin Tolmach Lakoff's Language and Woman's Place, is widely recognized as having inaugurated feminist research on the relationship between language and gender, touching off a remarkable response among language scholars, feminists, and general readers. For the past thirty years, scholars of language and gender have been debating and developing Lakoff's initial observations. Arguing that language is fundamental to gender inequality, Lakoff pointed to two areas in which inequalities can be found: Language used about women, such as the asymmetries between seemingly parallel terms like master and mistress, and language used by women, which places women in a double bind between being appropriately feminine and being fully human. Lakoff's central argument that "women's language" expresses powerlessness triggered a controversy that continues to this day. The revised and expanded edition presents the full text of the original first edition, along with an introduction and annotations by Lakoff in which she reflects on the text a quarter century later and expands on some of the most widely discussed issues it raises. The volume also brings together commentaries from twenty-six leading scholars of language, gender, and sexuality, within linguistics, anthropology, modern languages, education, information sciences, and other disciplines. The commentaries discuss the book's contribution to feminist research on language and explore its ongoing relevance for scholarship in the field. This new edition of Language and Woman's Place not only makes available once again the pioneering text of feminist linguistics; just as important, it places the text in the context of contemporary feminist and gender theory for a new generation of readers.

Historical Linguistics and Biblical Hebrew

Steps Toward an Integrated Approach

Author: Robert Rezetko,Ian Young

Publisher: Society of Biblical Lit

ISBN: 1628370467

Category: Religion

Page: 720

View: 8352

DOWNLOAD NOW »
!DOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" html meta content="text/html; charset=ISO-8859-1" http-equiv="content-type" body A philologically robust approach to the history of ancient Hebrew In this book the authors work toward constructing an approach to the history of ancient Hebrew that overcomes the chasm of academic specialization. The authors illustrate how cross-textual variable analysis and variation analysis advance research on Biblical Hebrew and correct theories based on extra-linguistic assumptions, intuitions, and ideologies by focusing on variation of forms/uses in the Masoretic text and variation between the Masoretic text and other textual traditions. Features: A unique approach that examines the nature of the sources and the description of their language together Extensive bibliography for further research Tables of linguistic variables and parallels

An Introduction to Sociolinguistics

Author: Ronald Wardhaugh,Janet M. Fuller

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118732405

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 448

View: 7190

DOWNLOAD NOW »
Fully updated to reflect the most recent scholarship in the field and revised to include many more pedagogical features, An Introduction to Sociolinguistics, 7th Edition builds on its foundation as the most preeminent textbook in sociolinguistics, updated for today’s students. • Significantly revised discussions throughout each of the book’s four key parts reflect the state of the field today • Includes new chapters on Pragmatics, Discourse Analysis, and Sociolinguistics and Education • Incorporates innovative new perspectives drawn from linguistic anthropology • Provides an accessible history of the development of sociolinguistic thought and how this fast-moving field is integral to our lives • Includes numerous opportunities for students to engage with ideas presented in the text through a new glossary, new Explorations and end-of-chapter exercises, links, and key concepts • New companion website includes links and resources for students

Language and Linguistic Diversity in the US

An Introduction

Author: Susan Tamasi,Lamont Antieau

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136579052

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 380

View: 998

DOWNLOAD NOW »
This highly engaging textbook presents a linguistic view of the history, society, and culture of the United States. It discusses the many languages and forms of language that have been used in the US – including standard and nonstandard forms of English, creoles, Native American languages, and immigrant languages from across the globe – and shows how this distribution and diversity of languages has helped shape and define America as well as an American identity. The volume introduces the basic concepts of sociolinguistics and the politics of language through cohesive, up-to-date and accessible coverage of such key topics as dialectal development and the role of English as the majority language, controversies concerning language use in society, languages other than English used in the US, and the policies that have directly or indirectly influenced language use. These topics are presented in such a way that students can examine the inherent diversity of the communicative systems used in the United States as both a form of cultural enrichment and as the basis for socio-political conflict. The author team outlines the different viewpoints on contemporary issues surrounding language in the US and contextualizes these issues within linguistic facts, to help students think critically and formulate logical discussions. To provide opportunities for further examination and debate, chapters are organized around key misconceptions or questions ("I don't have an accent" or "Immigrants don't want to learn English"), bringing them to the forefront for readers to address directly. Language and Linguistic Diversity in the US is a fresh and unique take on a widely taught topic. It is ideal for students from a variety of disciplines or with no prior knowledge of the field, and a useful text for introductory courses on language in the US, American English, language variation, language ideology, and sociolinguistics.

Introducing Sociolinguistics

Author: Miriam Meyerhoff

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 0429018770

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 376

View: 3736

DOWNLOAD NOW »
This third edition of Miriam Meyerhoff’s highly successful textbook provides a solid, up-to-date appreciation of the interdisciplinary nature of the field and covers foundation issues, recent advances and current debates. It presents familiar or classic data in new ways, and supplements the familiar with fresh examples from a wide range of languages and social settings. It clearly explains the patterns and systems that underlie language variation in use, as well as the ways in which alternations between different language varieties index personal style, social power and national identity. New features of the third edition: Every chapter has been revised and updated with current research in the field, including material on sexuality, polylanguaging and lifespan change; Additional Connections with theory and Facts: No, really? are included throughout; Data from sign languages, historical linguistics and Asia-Pacific sociolinguistics have been revised and expanded; A brand new companion website featuring more examples and exercises can be found at www.routledge.com/textbooks/meyerhoff. Chapters include exercises that enable readers to engage critically with the text, break-out boxes making connections between sociolinguistics and linguistic or social theory, and brief, lively add-ons guaranteed to make the book a memorable and enjoyable read. With a full glossary of terms and suggestions for further reading, this text gives students all the tools they need for an excellent command of sociolinguistics. It can also be used in conjunction with The Routledge Sociolinguistics Reader, Doing Sociolinguistics and the online resources shared by all three books.

Linguistic Borrowing in Bilingual Contexts

Author: Fredric Field

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9027296111

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 255

View: 5520

DOWNLOAD NOW »
A number of previous approaches to linguistic borrowing and contact phenomena in general have concluded that there are no formal boundaries whatsoever to the kinds of material that can pass from one language into another. At the same time, various hierarchies illustrate that some things are indeed more likely to be borrowed than others. Linguistic Borrowing in Bilingual Contexts addresses both, by examining claims of no absolute limits and synthesizing various hierarchies. It observes that all contact phenomena are systematic, and borrowing is no exception. Regarding forms, the determining factors lie in the nature of the morphological systems in contact and how they relate to one another. Two principles are proposed to determine the nature of the systematicity and interaction: the Principle of System Compatibility (PSC), and its corollary, the Principle of System Incompatibility (PSI). Together, these principles provide a consistent account of the possibilities and limits to borrowing.

An Introduction to Contact Linguistics

Author: Donald Winford

Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell

ISBN: 9780631212508

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 434

View: 2362

DOWNLOAD NOW »
This book is a comprehensive introduction to the study of language contact and its outcomes, as well as the social and linguistic factors involved. Provides a comprehensive introduction to the field of contact linguistics. Examines a wide range of language contact phenomena from both general linguistic and sociolinguistic perspectives. Offers an account of current approaches to all of the major types of contact-induced change. Discusses the general processes and principles that are at work in cases of contact.

Course in General Linguistics

Author: Ferdinand de Saussure

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 1472508823

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 288

View: 9436

DOWNLOAD NOW »
Ferdinand de Saussure is commonly regarded as one of the fathers of 20th Century Linguistics. His lectures, posthumously published as the Course in General Linguistics ushered in the structuralist mode which marked a key turning point in modern thought. Philosophers such as Jacques Derrida and Roland Barthes, psychoanalysts such as Jacques Lacan, the anthropologist ClaudeLevi-Strauss and linguists such as Noam Chomsky all found an important influence for their work in the pages of Saussure's text. Published 100 years after Saussure's death, this new edition of Roy Harris's authoritative translation is now available in the Bloomsbury Revelations series with a substantial new introduction exploring Saussure's contemporary influence and importance.

Sociophonetics

An Introduction

Author: Erik Thomas

Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education

ISBN: 1137285613

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 272

View: 7513

DOWNLOAD NOW »
Sociophonetics – the interface of sociolinguistics and phonetics – is a field that has expanded rapidly in recent years. A subject that requires both methodological and theoretical assessment for study, sociophonetics has never before been presented in a way that ties these fundamental strands together so successfully. This comprehensive and user friendly introduction seamlessly marries the dual cores of sociophonetics into one accessible text. In a methodical and structured approach, Sociophonetics: An Introduction:  Provides detailed analysis of phonetic variables, discussing consonants, vowels, prosody and voice quality  Includes clear and thorough explanations of how to measure linguistic phenomena and conduct acoustic analyses and perception experiments  Contains almost 200 illustrations of phonetic processes and 'field marks' for the examination of sociolinguistic variables  Covers a variety of theoretical approaches, including exemplar theory and cognitive sociolinguistics  Examines, through theoretical issues, how sociolinguistics, phonetics and cognitive linguistics are linked Thomas' innovative and friendly introduction to sociophonetics presents both a guide for advanced beginners as well as a basis for further development of professional research.

Linguistic Variation and Change

Author: Scott F Kiesling

Publisher: Edinburgh University Press

ISBN: 0748688315

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 208

View: 2532

DOWNLOAD NOW »
A comprehensive study of variation and change, including current debates in the area.

Handbook of Perceptual Dialectology

Author: Daniel Long,Dennis R. Preston

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9027296057

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 412

View: 4476

DOWNLOAD NOW »
The Handbook of Perceptual Dialectology, Volume 2, expands on the coverage of both regions and methodologies in the investigation of nonlinguists' perceptions of language variety. New areas studied include Canada (anglophone and francophone), Cuba, Hungary, Italy, Korea, and Mali, and most prominent among the new approaches are studies of the salience of specific linguistic features in variety identification and assessment. As in Volume I, the reader will find in these chapters everything from the statistical treatment of the ratings of dialect attributes to studies of the actual discourses of nonlinguists discussing language variety. Dialectologists, sociolinguistics, ethnographers, and applied linguists who work in areas where language variety is a concern will appreciate the findings and methods of these studies, but social scientists of every sort who want to understand the role of language in the cultural lives of ordinary people will also find much of interest here.

The Cambridge Handbook of Linguistic Anthropology

Author: N. J. Enfield,Paul Kockelman,Jack Sidnell

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139992325

Category: Social Science

Page: N.A

View: 4831

DOWNLOAD NOW »
The field of linguistic anthropology looks at human uniqueness and diversity through the lens of language, our species' special combination of art and instinct. Human language both shapes, and is shaped by, our minds, societies, and cultural worlds. This state-of-the-field survey covers a wide range of topics, approaches and theories, such as the nature and function of language systems, the relationship between language and social interaction, and the place of language in the social life of communities. Promoting a broad vision of the subject, spanning a range of disciplines from linguistics to biology, from psychology to sociology and philosophy, this authoritative handbook is an essential reference guide for students and researchers working on language and culture across the social sciences.

The Handbook of Historical Sociolinguistics

Author: Juan Manuel Hernández-Campoy,Juan Camilo Conde-Silvestre

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 111825726X

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 704

View: 6291

DOWNLOAD NOW »
Written by an international team of leading scholars, this groundbreaking reference work explores the nature of language change and diffusion, and paves the way for future research in this rapidly expanding interdisciplinary field. Features 35 newly-written essays from internationally acclaimed experts that reflect the growth and vitality of the burgeoning area of historical sociolinguistics Examines how sociolinguistic theoretical models, methods, findings, and expertise can be used to reconstruct a language's past in order to explain linguistic changes and developments Bridges the gap between the past and the present in linguistic studies Structured thematically into sections exploring: origins and theoretical assumptions; methods for the sociolinguistic study of the history of languages; linguistic and extra-linguistic variables; historical dialectology, language contact and diffusion; and attitudes to language

Socio-onomastics

The pragmatics of names

Author: Terhi Ainiala,Jan-Ola Östman

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company

ISBN: 9027265690

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 231

View: 6798

DOWNLOAD NOW »
The volume seeks to establish socio-onomastics as a field of linguistic inquiry not only within sociolinguistics, but also, and in particular, within pragmatics. The linguistic study of names has a very long history, but also a history sometimes fraught with skepticism, and thus often neglected by linguists in other fields. The volume takes on the challenge of instituting onomastic study into linguistics and pragmatics by focusing on recent trends within socio-onomastics, interactional onomastics, contact onomastics, folk onomastics, and linguistic landscape studies. The volume is an introduction to these fields – with the introductory chapter giving an overview of, and an update on, recent onomastic study – and in addition offers detailed in-depth analyses of place names, person names, street names and commercial names from different perspectives: historically, as well as from the point of view of the impact of globalization and glocalization. All the chapters focus on the use and function of names and naming, on changes in name usage, and on the reasons for, processes in, and results of names in contact.

An Introduction to Applied Linguistics

Author: Norbert Schmitt

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134656114

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 352

View: 5632

DOWNLOAD NOW »
An Introduction to Applied Linguistics, Second Edition provides a complete, authoritative and up-to-date overview of the state of the field. Each of the 15 chapters offers an extended survey of a central element of Applied Linguistics and is co-authored by two leading international specialists, thus ensuring a full and balanced treatment of the topic covered. The book is divided into three sections: a description of language and language use; essential areas of enquiry; and the four skills and testing. An Introductory chapter familiarises readers with key issues and recurrent themes whilst hands-on activities and further reading sections for each chapter encourage practical analysis and wider reading. For this new edition, each chapter has been fully revised in line with new research and thinking in Applied Linguistics. With its accessible style, broad coverage and practical focus, this book is ideal for students of applied linguistics, TESOL, and second language pedagogy as well as practicing teachers and researchers wishing to update their knowledge.