Applications of Process Engineering Principles in Materials Processing, Energy and Environmental Technologies

An EPD Symposium in Honor of Professor Ramana G. Reddy

Author: Shijie Wang,Michael L Free,Shafiq Alam,Mingming Zhang,Patrick R. Taylor

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319510916

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 571

View: 423

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This collection offers new research findings, innovations, and industrial technological developments in extractive metallurgy, energy and environment, and materials processing. Technical topics included in the book are thermodynamics and kinetics of metallurgical reactions, electrochemical processing of materials, plasma processing of materials, composite materials, ionic liquids, thermal energy storage, energy efficient and environmental cleaner technologies and process modeling. These topics are of interest not only to traditional base ferrous and non-ferrous metal industrial processes but also to new and upcoming technologies, and they play important roles in industrial growth and economy worldwide.

Principles of Chemical Engineering Processes

Material and Energy Balances, Second Edition

Author: Nayef Ghasem,Redhouane Henda

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1482222280

Category: Science

Page: 468

View: 2383

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Principles of Chemical Engineering Processes: Material and Energy Balances introduces the basic principles and calculation techniques used in the field of chemical engineering, providing a solid understanding of the fundamentals of the application of material and energy balances. Packed with illustrative examples and case studies, this book: Discusses problems in material and energy balances related to chemical reactors Explains the concepts of dimensions, units, psychrometry, steam properties, and conservation of mass and energy Demonstrates how MATLAB® and Simulink® can be used to solve complicated problems of material and energy balances Shows how to solve steady-state and transient mass and energy balance problems involving multiple-unit processes and recycle, bypass, and purge streams Develops quantitative problem-solving skills, specifically the ability to think quantitatively (including numbers and units), the ability to translate words into diagrams and mathematical expressions, the ability to use common sense to interpret vague and ambiguous language in problem statements, and the ability to make judicious use of approximations and reasonable assumptions to simplify problems This Second Edition has been updated based upon feedback from professors and students. It features a new chapter related to single- and multiphase systems and contains additional solved examples and homework problems. Educational software, downloadable exercises, and a solutions manual are available with qualifying course adoption.

Ullmann's Processes and Process Engineering

Author: Wiley-VCH

Publisher: Wiley-VCH

ISBN: 9783527310968

Category: Science

Page: 2319

View: 626

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Ullmann's Processes and Process Engineering is tailor-made for anyone interested in industrial chemical processes, unit operations, process engineering, reactor design and optimization. Based on the very latest edition of the 40-volume Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry, the contents represent an up-to-date source of information. The detailed and thoroughly edited articles are written by renowned experts from industry and academia. The three volumes provide coverage on all aspects of processes an process engineering. The major headings are: Separation Processes Separation and Classification Mixing Particle Technology Heat Generation Processes under Special Conditions Principles of Process Engineering Reactor Types A keyword index and an author index complete the contents of this handbook. Top-quality illustrations, clear diagrams and charts combined with the extensive use of tables enhance the presentation and provide a unique level of detail. Thus, this handbook is an invaluable and convenient source of information for chemical engineers, chemists, patent attorneys, marketing manager and all those involved in the chemical process industry.

Introduction to Food Process Engineering

Author: P. G. Smith

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781441976628

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 510

View: 7202

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This is a new book on food process engineering which treats the principles of processing in a scientifically rigorous yet concise manner, and which can be used as a lead in to more specialized texts for higher study. It is equally relevant to those in the food industry who desire a greater understanding of the principles of the food processes with which they work. This text is written from a quantitative and mathematical perspective and is not simply a descriptive treatment of food processing. The aim is to give readers the confidence to use mathematical and quantitative analyses of food processes and most importantly there are a large number of worked examples and problems with solutions. The mathematics necessary to read this book is limited to elementary differential and integral calculus and the simplest kind of differential equation.

Principles of Process Planning

A logical approach

Author: G. Halevi,R. Weill

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401112509

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 399

View: 4689

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Process planning determines how a product is to be manufactured and is therefore a key element in the manufacturing process. It plays a major part in determining the cost of components and affects all factory activities, company competitiveness, production planning, production efficiency and product quality. It is a crucial link between design and manufacturing. There are several levels of process planning activities. Early in product engineering and development, process planning is responsible for determining the general method of production. The selected general method of production affects the design constraints. In the last stages of design, the designer has to consider ease of manufacturing in order for it to be economic. The part design data is transferred from engineering to manufacturing and process planners develop the detailed work package for manufacturing a part. Dimensions and tolerances are determined for each stage of processing of the workpiece. Process planning determines the sequence of operations and utilization of machine tools. Cutting tools, fixtures, gauges and other accessory tooling are also specified. Feeds, speeds and other parameters of the metal cutting and forming processes are determined.

Food Process Engineering Operations

Author: George D. Saravacos,Zacharias B. Maroulis

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1420083546

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 594

View: 7975

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A unique and interdisciplinary field, food processing must meet basic process engineering considerations such as material and energy balances, as well as the more specialized requirements of food acceptance, human nutrition, and food safety. Food engineering, therefore, is a field of major concern to university departments of food science, and chemical and biological engineering as well as engineers and scientists working in various food processing industries. Part of the notable CRC Press Contemporary Food Engineering series, Food Process Engineering Operations focuses on the application of chemical engineering unit operations to the handling, processing, packaging, and distribution of food products. Chapters 1 through 5 open the text with a review of the fundamentals of process engineering and food processing technology, with typical examples of food process applications. The body of the book then covers food process engineering operations in detail, including theory, process equipment, engineering operations, and application examples and problems. Based on the authors’ long teaching and research experience both in the US and Greece, this highly accessible textbook employs simple diagrams to illustrate the mechanism of each operation and the main components of the process equipment. It uses simplified calculations requiring only elementary calculus and offers realistic values of food engineering properties taken from the published literature and the authors’ experience. The appendix contains useful engineering data for process calculations, such as steam tables, engineering properties, engineering diagrams, and suppliers of process equipment. Designed as a one or two semester textbook for food science students, Food Process Engineering Operations examines the applications of process engineering fundamentals to food processing technology making it an important reference for students of chemical and biological engineering interested in food engineering, and for scientists, engineers, and technologists working in food processing industries.

Chemical and Energy Process Engineering

Author: Sigurd Skogestad

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1420087568

Category: Science

Page: 440

View: 9139

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Emphasizing basic mass and energy balance principles, Chemical and Energy Process Engineering prepares the next generation of process engineers through an exemplary survey of energy process engineering, basic thermodynamics, and the analysis of energy efficiency. By emphasizing the laws of thermodynamics and the law of mass/matter conservation, the author builds a strong foundation for performing industrial process engineering calculations. The book’s systematic treatment applies these core principles on a macro-level scale, allowing for more manageable calculations. The development of new processes is demanding and exciting. The instruction within these pages enables engineers to understand and analyze existing processes and primes them for participation in the development of new ones.

Microstructural Principles of Food Processing and Engineering

Author: José Miguel Aguilera,David W. Stanley

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780834212565

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 432

View: 5914

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An Aspen Food Engineering Series Book. This new edition provides a comprehensive reference on food microstructure, emphasizing its interdisciplinary nature, rooted in the scientific principles of food materials science and physical chemistry. The book details the techniques available to study food microstructure, examines the microstructure of basic food components and its relation to quality, and explores how microstructure is affected by specific unit operations in food process engineering. Descriptions of a number of food-related applications provide a better understanding of the complexities of the microstructural approach to food processing. Color plates.

Parts Fabrication

Principles and Process

Author: Richard Crowson

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780849355547

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 412

View: 3983

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Today's fast-paced manufacturing culture demands a handbook that provides how-to, no-holds-barred, no-frills information. Completely revised and updated, the Handbook of Manufacturing Engineering is now presented in four volumes. Keeping the same general format as the first edition, this latest edition not only provides more information but makes it more accessible. Each individual volume narrows the focus while broadening the coverage, giving you immediate access to the information you need. Volume Three, Parts Fabrication: Principles and Process discusses efficient deductive and systematic approaches to machine debugging while providing a refresher on the principles of structural mechanics. Edited by Richard Crowson with contributions from experts in each field, the book focuses on establishing communication between manufacturing and design engineers and machine-building technicians. The discussions of engineering design fundamentals, free-body diagrams, stresses, forces, and strength of materials help readers understand and solve counter-intuitive problems. The coverage includes material characteristics of metals, conventional fabrication processes, laser welding, modeling, and nontraditional machining methods. Assisting design engineers and machine builders in the successful execution of their tasks, the book recommends steps to improve technical problem solving and communication techniques. It provides understanding of how to incorporate deductive reasoning, systematic engineering, human interaction, and corporate cultural influences into manufacturing processes.

Introduction to Food Process Engineering

Author: Albert Ibarz,Gustavo V. Barbosa-Canovas

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1482219662

Category: Science

Page: 722

View: 5008

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Consumer expectations are systematically growing, with demands for foods with a number of attributes, which are sometimes difficult for manufacturers to meet. The engineering processes that are needed to obtain top-quality foods are a major challenge due to the diversity of raw materials, intermediates, and final products. As in any other enterprise, the food industry must optimize each of the steps in the production chain to attain the best possible results. There is no question that a very important aspect to take into consideration when developing a process, designing a food factory, or modifying existing facilities is the in-depth knowledge of the basic engineering aspects involved in a given project. Introduction to Food Process Engineering covers the fundamental principles necessary to study, understand, and analyze most unit operations in the food engineering domain. It was conceived with two clear objectives in mind: 1) to present all of the subjects in a systematic, coherent, and sequential fashion in order to provide an excellent knowledge base for a number of conventional and unconventional processes encountered in food industry processing lines, as well as novel processes at the research and development stages; 2) to be the best grounding possible for another CRC Press publication, Unit Operations in Food Engineering, Second Edition, by the same authors. These two books can be consulted independently, but at the same time, there is a significant and welcomed match between the two in terms of terminology, definitions, units, symbols, and nomenclature. Highlights of the book include: Dimensional analysis and similarities Physicochemistry of food systems Heat and mass transfer in food Food rheology Physical properties Water activity Thermal processing Chilling and freezing Evaporation Dehydration Extensive examples, problems, and solutions

Philosophy and Engineering: Reflections on Practice, Principles and Process

Author: Diane P Michelfelder,Natasha McCarthy,David E. Goldberg

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400777620

Category: Philosophy

Page: 431

View: 4435

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Building on the breakthrough text Philosophy and Engineering: An Emerging Agenda, this book offers 30 chapters covering conceptual and substantive developments in the philosophy of engineering, along with a series of critical reflections by engineering practitioners. The volume demonstrates how reflective engineering can contribute to a better understanding of engineering identity and explores how integrating engineering and philosophy could lead to innovation in engineering methods, design and education. The volume is divided into reflections on practice, principles and process, each of which challenges prevalent assumptions and commitments within engineering and philosophy. The volume explores the ontological and epistemological dimensions of engineering and exposes the falsity of the commonly held belief that the field is simply the application of science knowledge to problem solving. Above all, the perspectives collected here demonstrate the value of a constructive dialogue between engineering and philosophy and show how collaboration between the disciplines casts light on longstanding problems from both sides. The chapters in this volume are from a diverse and international body of authors, including philosophers and engineers, and represent a highly select group of papers originally presented in three different conferences. These are the 2008 Workshop on Philosophy and Engineering (WPE-2008) held at the Royal Academy of Engineering; the 2009 meeting of the Society for Philosophy and Technology (SPT-2009) at the University of Twente in the Netherlands; and the Forum on Philosophy, Engineering, and Technology (fPET-2010), held in Golden, Colorado at the Colorado School of Mines.

Introduction to Process Engineering and Design

Author: Shuchen B Thakore,Bharat I Bhatt

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Education

ISBN: 9351341798

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 3315

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Introduction to Process Engineering and Design covers basic principles to design alternate systems, develop process diagrams and select the best alternative to be adopted. Multiple industrial examples provided in the book will enhance the skills of the readers for innovative designs. Salient Features: • Focuses on process design of chemical plants and equipment • State-of-the-art technique of supercritical extraction, reactive distillation, short path distillation discussed • Process Flow-charts are provided throughout the book

Industrial and Process Furnaces

Principles, Design and Operation

Author: Barrie Jenkins,Peter Mullinger

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0080558062

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 544

View: 2778

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Industrial and Process Furnaces provides a comprehensive reference to all aspects of furnace operation and design, with coverage of key topics that plant and process engineers and operators need to understand, including the combustion process and its control, furnace fuels, efficiency, burner design and selection, aerodynamics, heat release profiles, furnace atmosphere, safety and emissions. * Helps to understand complex heat and mass transfer and combustion problems * Outlines the key elements of furnace theory for optimum design * Shows how to achieve best possible furnace operation * Practical, stepped approach breaks topics down to their constituent parts for clarity and easier solution * Practical examples further assist in the analysis of real-world problems Developed by authors with experience of a wide range of industrial applications, this book is written for chemical and process engineers, mechanical, design and combustion engineers and students. It is ideal for both task-based problem solving and more detailed analysis work. * Up-to-date and comprehensive reference covering not only the principles of best practice operation but also the essential elements of furnace theory and design that are essential for engineers and all practitioners who use or work with furnaces, ovens and combustion based systems * Invaluable coverage of all key process furnace applications; an ideal resource for chemical and process, mechanical, design and combustion engineers and students for both task based problem solving and more detailed analysis work. * Takes a holistic, stepped approach to complex heat and mass transfer and combustion problems, breaking topics down to their constituent parts for easy understanding and solution * Case studies and practical examples further assist in the application of complex analysis to real-world problems * Unlike other books written specifically on combustion or furnace operation, this book covers all aspects of furnace and combustion operation, including the combustion process and its control, furnace fuels, efficiency, burner design and selection, aerodynamics, heat release profiles, furnace atmosphere ad emissions, and brings all these elements together to show how to achieve optimum design and operation. * Practical chapters on fuel handling, furnace control, emissions control and regulations, construction and maintenance practice ensure that this book provides the most comprehensive single reference on Industrial Furnaces available.

Process and Operation Planning

Revised Edition of The Principles of Process Planning: A Logical Approach

Author: G. Halevi

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402016530

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 335

View: 1164

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Process planning detennines how a product is to be manufactured and is therefore a key element in the manufacturing process. It plays a major part in detennining the cost of components and affects all factory activities, company competitiveness, production planning, production efficiency and product quality. It is a crucial link between design and manufacturing. In spite of the importance of process planning in the manufacturing cycle, there is no fonnal methodology which can be used, or can help to train personnel for this job. Process planning activities are predominantly labor intensive, depending on the experience and the skill and intuition of the planner, and therefore often precludes a thorough analysis and optimization of the process plan which nearly always results in higher than necessary production costs, delays, errors and non-standardization of processes. Process planning is regarded as an art and not a science. Research in the field of process planning has indicated that all experts have their own expertise and one expert's experience might be different from that of another. It is rare, therefore, for two planners to produce the same process. Each process will produce the part as specified, although different processes will result in different processing times and costs. The question is, who is an expert? By definition an expert is one 'having or manifesting the knowledge, skill and experience needed for success in a particular field or endeavor', or 'one who has acquired special skill in or knowledge and mastery of something'.

Fundamental Principles of Manufacturing Processes

Author: Robert H. Todd,Dell K. Allen,Leo Alting

Publisher: Industrial Press Inc.

ISBN: 9780831130503

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 164

View: 2626

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The key to understanding how to produce products with low response time, low inventory, and flexibility can be found in this important text. Using a systematic approach, this unique analysis of contemporary manufacturing processes identifies family characteristics of individual processes to facilitate learning. Using the same classification system, detailed descriptions of each individual process can be found in the Manufacturing Processes Reference Guide by the same authors. Identifies and studies six families of shaping processes that change the basic geometry of shape of a workpiece (Mechanical Mass Reducing, Thermal Mass Reducing, Chemical Mass Reducing, Mass Conserving, Consolidation, and Joining) and four families of nonshaping processes that modify the engineering and aesthetic properties of materials (Hardening, Softening, Surface Preparation, and Surface Coatings). This classification, or taxonomy, now used in the United States and Europe, is a valuable tool in identifying processes and their capabilities.

Lignocellulose Biorefinery Engineering

Principles and Applications

Author: Hongzhang Chen

Publisher: Woodhead Publishing

ISBN: 0081001452

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 274

View: 9617

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Biomass resources and their refining are key research topics internationally as alternatives to fossil fuel resources and oil refining. This book explores the heterogeneous nature of lignocellulosic biomass, which restricts its use as a raw material, and describes the theoretical basis of the lignocellulose refinery. It puts forward the theory of the integrated biomass refinery system, which produces multiple products, including biofuels, biomaterials, biochemicals, food and feed based on careful fractionation of the raw material. Chapter 1 introduces the significance and development of lignocellulose biorefining. Chapter 2 gives the theoretical basis of lignocellulose biorefinery engineering. Chapters 3 to 6 describe in detail biomass refinery engineering from the perspectives of feedstocks, conversions, products and processes respectively. Models of integrated industrial biomass refinery chains are presented in Chapter 7. Finally, Chapter 8 considers future trends in lignocellulose biorefining. Explores mechanisms of selective fractionation of biomass based on biomass structural characteristics and product requirements Addresses biological, physical and chemical conversion technologies, as well as combinations of different methods based on the biomass material characteristics This thorough exploration of lignocellulose biorefining is written by an expert from a key research institute in this field

Augmentation Mammaplasty E-Book

Redefining the Patient and Surgeon Experience

Author: John B. Tebbetts

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0323074677

Category: Medical

Page: 616

View: 5044

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2010 PROSE Awards Honorable Mention, Clinical Medicine! John B. Tebbetts, MD, a pioneer in the field of breast augmentation, redefines the surgeon/patient experience in this comprehensive book. By exhaustively covering everything you need to know about breast augmentation, Dr. Tebbets allows for tightly focused guidance that is principle- rather than experienced-based, with numerous decision-making algorithms and outcome-based techniques, not just one-answer solutions. The book addresses topics that range from anesthesia and case studies of specific implants to practical matters like practice management. Focuses exclusively on breast augmentation to make coverage as comprehensive as possible. Includes much-needed information on practice management, including patient consent, systems analysis, marketing, and data acquisitions. Addresses pre-, intra-, and postoperative care of patient for guidance from start to finish. Utilizes a separate chapter for each approach to breast augmentation: inframammary, axillary, periaereolar, or umbilical. Incorporates case studies of specific implants to help you make the right decision for your patients. Details TEPID (Tissue characteristics of the Envelope and Parenchyma, the Implant, and Dimensions and filler dynamics of the implant) system: the first three-dimensional modeling system for quantitating tissue characteristics. Provides 15 decision-making algorithms for all aspects of implant selection, surgery, and complications----the only published resource to do so.

Handbook of Polymer Synthesis, Characterization, and Processing

Author: Enrique Saldivar-Guerra,Eduardo Vivaldo-Lima

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118480775

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 644

View: 5272

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Covering a broad range of polymer science topics, Handbook of Polymer Synthesis, Characterization, and Processing provides polymer industry professionals and researchers in polymer science and technology with a single, comprehensive handbook summarizing all aspects involved in the polymer production chain. The handbook focuses on industrially important polymers, analytical techniques, and formulation methods, with chapters covering step-growth, radical, and co-polymerization, crosslinking and grafting, reaction engineering, advanced technology applications, including conjugated, dendritic, and nanomaterial polymers and emulsions, and characterization methods, including spectroscopy, light scattering, and microscopy.

Biological Wastewater Treatment, Revised and Expanded

Author: Carlos D.M. Filipe,C.P. Leslie Grady, Jr.

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780849306730

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 1092

View: 1864

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Written by noted experts in the field sharing extensive academic and industrial experience, this thoroughly updated Second Edition covers commonly used and new suspended and attached growth reactors. The authors discuss combined carbon and ammonia oxidation, activated sludge, biological nutrient removal, aerobic digestion, anaerobic processes, lagoons, trickling filters, rotating biological contactors, fluidized beds, and biologically aerated filters. They integrate the principles of biochemical processes with applications in the real world-communicating approaches to the conception, design, operation, and optimization of biochemical unit operations in a comprehensive yet lucid manner.