Principles of Terrestrial Ecosystem Ecology

Author: F Stuart Chapin III,Pamela A. Matson,Peter Vitousek

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781441995049

Category: Science

Page: 529

View: 8047

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Features review questions at the end of each chapter; Includes suggestions for recommended reading; Provides a glossary of ecological terms; Has a wide audience as a textbook for advanced undergraduate students, graduate students and as a reference for practicing scientists from a wide array of disciplines

Principles of Terrestrial Ecosystem Ecology

Author: F. Stuart Chapin III,Pamela A. Matson,Harold A. Mooney

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387216634

Category: Science

Page: 442

View: 635

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Features review questions at the end of each chapter; Includes suggestions for recommended reading; Provides a glossary of ecological terms; Has a wide audience as a textbook for advanced undergraduate students, graduate students and as a reference for practicing scientists from a wide array of disciplines

Principles of Terrestrial Ecosystem Ecology

Author: F. Stuart Chapin, III,Pamela A. Matson,Harold A. Mooney

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780387954431

Category: Nature

Page: 436

View: 9129

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Features review questions at the end of each chapter; Includes suggestions for recommended reading; Provides a glossary of ecological terms; Has a wide audience as a textbook for advanced undergraduate students, graduate students and as a reference for practicing scientists from a wide array of disciplines

Terrestrial Ecosystem Ecology

Principles and Applications

Author: Göran I. Ågren,Folke O. Andersson

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107011078

Category: Nature

Page: 330

View: 1049

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Explains the structure, function and dynamics of terrestrial ecosystems and demonstrates the application of ecosystem ecology to current environmental problems.

Principles of Ecosystem Stewardship

Resilience-Based Natural Resource Management in a Changing World

Author: F Stuart Chapin III,Gary P. Kofinas,Carl Folke

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780387730332

Category: Nature

Page: 401

View: 9259

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The world is undergoing unprecedented changes in many of the factors that determine its fundamental properties and their in- ence on society. These changes include climate; the chemical c- position of the atmosphere; the demands of a growing human population for food and ?ber; and the mobility of organisms, ind- trial products, cultural perspectives, and information ?ows. The magnitude and widespread nature of these changes pose serious challenges in managing the ecosystem services on which society depends. Moreover, many of these changes are strongly in?uenced by human activities, so future patterns of change will continue to be in?uenced by society’s choices and governance. The purpose of this book is to provide a new framework for n- ural resource management—a framework based on stewardship of ecosystems for human well-being in a world dominated by unc- tainty and change. The goal of ecosystem stewardship is to respond to and shape change in social-ecological systems in order to s- tain the supply and opportunities for use of ecosystem services by society. The book links recent advances in the theory of resilience, sustainability, and vulnerability with practical issues of ecosystem management and governance. The book is aimed at advanced undergraduates and beginning graduate students of natural resource management as well as professional managers, community leaders, and policy makers with backgrounds in a wide array of d- ciplines, including ecology, policy studies, economics, sociology, and anthropology.

Fundamentals of Ecosystem Science

Author: Kathleen C. Weathers,David L. Strayer,Gene E. Likens

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0080916805

Category: Nature

Page: 326

View: 9677

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Ecosystem science has developed into a major part of contemporary ecology, and it is now applied to diagnose and solve a wide range of important environmental problems. Fundamentals of Ecosystem Science provides a compact and comprehensive introduction to modern ecosystem science. Written by a group of experts, this book covers major concepts of ecosystem science, biogeochemistry, and energetics. Addresses, contrasts, and compares both terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems Combines general lessons, concepts, frameworks, and challenges in highly accessible synthesis chapters Presents firsthand case studies, written by leaders in the field, offering personal insights into how adopting an ecosystem approach led to innovations, new understanding, management changes, and policy solutions

Plant Physiological Ecology

Author: Hans Lambers,F. Stuart Chapin III,Thijs L. Pons

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1475728557

Category: Science

Page: 540

View: 4397

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This textbook is remarkable for emphasising that the mechanisms underlying plant physiological ecology can be found at the levels of biochemistry, biophysics, molecular biology and whole-plant physiology. The authors begin with the primary processes of carbon metabolism and transport, plant-water relations, and energy balance. After considering individual leaves and whole plants, these physiological processes are then scaled up to the level of the canopy. Subsequent chapters discuss mineral nutrition and the ways in which plants cope with nutrient-deficient or toxic soils. The book then looks at patterns of growth and allocation, life-history traits, and interactions between plants and other organisms. Later chapters deal with traits that affect decomposition of plant material and with plant physiological ecology at the level of ecosystems and global environmental processes.

Ecological Assessment of Environmental Degradation, Pollution and Recovery

Author: O. Ravera

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0444600213

Category: Science

Page: 384

View: 1569

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The Ispra Course on Ecological Assessment of Environmental Degradation, Pollution and Recovery'' was structured according to the following topics: (a) terrestrial and aquatic ecosystem concept; (b) structure, functions and evolution of the ecosystem in relation to the natural and anthropogenic influences, and (c) concept of stress, assessment and restoration of terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems. These general concepts were developed in a series of lectures presented by well-known experts in their specific fields, taking into account the ecological principles and environmental management. For the various aspects of the environmental problems, the state-of-the-art, the principles of restoration techniques, the results obtained by their application and the research needs to acquire a better knowledge of the ecological processes, were discussed. The lectures were illustrated by several case studies concerning forests, lakes, reservoirs, rivers, soil and the interrelations between air and terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems. This book contains the lectures presented at the course, reviewed by the authors, and complemented throughout with numerous figures and tables.

Urban Ecosystems

Ecological Principles for the Built Environment

Author: Frederick R. Adler,Colby J. Tanner

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107244293

Category: Nature

Page: N.A

View: 9887

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As humans have come to dominate the earth, the ideal of studying and teaching ecology in pristine ecosystems has become impossible to achieve. Our planet is now a mosaic of ecosystems ranging from the relatively undisturbed to the completely built, with the majority of people living in urban environments. This accessible introduction to the principles of urban ecology provides students with the tools they need to understand these increasingly important urban ecosystems. It builds upon the themes of habitat modification and resource use to demonstrate how multiple ecological processes interact in cities and how human activity initiates chains of unpredictable unintended ecological consequences. Broad principles are supported throughout by detailed examples from around the world and a comprehensive list of readings from the primary literature. Questions, exercises and laboratories at the end of each chapter encourage discussion, hands-on study, active learning, and engagement with the world outside the classroom window.

Untangling Ecological Complexity

The Macroscopic Perspective

Author: Brian A. Maurer

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226511320

Category: Science

Page: 251

View: 3949

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Ecologists increasingly find themselves called upon to address the impacts of global change on biodiversity. Yet most studies of biodiversity focus solely on intensive, experimental analyses of localized ecological communities. In Untangling Ecological Complexity, Brian A. Maurer argues for a more pluralistic approach, showing how ecologists might enhance their ability to tackle global problems by incorporating broader spatial and temporal perspectives into their research. Maurer begins by reviewing the strengths and limitations of reductionist experimental approaches. Although these studies have produced much valuable data, their small scale restricts the kinds of inferences that can be drawn from them. Maurer then demonstrates how statistical methods can be used to identify processes (such as dispersal or nonrandom extinction) that operate across broad geographic scales, yet which also have profound impacts on local ecosystems. This macroscopic perspective, Maurer suggests, provides a powerful tool for untangling ecological complexity.

Soil Ecology and Ecosystem Services

Author: Diana H. Wall,Richard D. Bardgett,Valerie Behan-Pelletier,Jeffrey E. Herrick,T. Hefin Jones,Karl Ritz,Johan Six,Donald R. Strong,Wim H. van der Putten

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191632562

Category: Science

Page: 424

View: 896

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This multi-contributor, international volume synthesizes contributions from the world's leading soil scientists and ecologists, describing cutting-edge research that provides a basis for the maintenance of soil health and sustainability. The book covers these advances from a unique perspective of examining the ecosystem services produced by soil biota across different scales - from biotic interactions at microscales to communities functioning at regional and global scales. The book leads the user towards an understanding of how the sustainability of soils, biodiversity, and ecosystem services can be maintained and how humans, other animals, and ecosystems are dependent on living soils and ecosystem services.

Terrestrial Ecosystems

Author: John D. Aber,Jerry M. Melillo

Publisher: Brooks/Cole Publishing Company

ISBN: 9780120417551

Category: Science

Page: 556

View: 3255

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Covering the complexities and interconnected nature of the world, as well as the impact of mankind on the environment, this interdisciplinary book presents a holistic view of ecosystem function and is designed to help students understand and predict the environmental future of the Earth. The authors provide a complete view of the environment--from the Taiga Forests of interior Alaska to the desert plains of the Serengeti. While retaining the previous edition's basic four-part structure, the authors have reviewed every topic (and consulted the recent literature in each case) in order to present the most complete and accurate picture of the state of ecosystem studies today.

Ecology and Ecosystem Conservation

Author: Oswald J. Schmitz

Publisher: Island Press

ISBN: 9781597265980

Category: Science

Page: 184

View: 7405

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Meeting today’s environmental challenges requires a new way of thinking about the intricate dependencies between humans and nature. Ecology and Ecosystem Conservation provides students and other readers with a basic understanding of the fundamental principles of ecological science and their applications, offering an essential overview of the way ecology can be used to devise strategies to conserve the health and functioning of ecosystems. The book begins by exploring the need for ecological science in understanding current environmental issues and briefly discussing what ecology is and isn’t. Subsequent chapters address critical issues in conservation and show how ecological science can be applied to them. The book explores questions such as: • What is the role of ecological science in decision making? • What factors govern the assembly of ecosystems and determine their response to various stressors? • How does Earth’s climate system function and determine the distribution of life on Earth? • What factors control the size of populations? • How does fragmentation of the landscape affect the persistence of species on the landscape? • How does biological diversity influence ecosystem processes? The book closes with a final chapter that addresses the need not only to understand ecological science, but to put that science into an ecosystem conservation ethics perspective.

Ecological Principles of Agriculture

Author: Laura E. Powers,Robert McSorley

Publisher: Delmar Pub

ISBN: 9780766806535

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 433

View: 5389

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Ecological Principles of Agriculture is a text for post-secondary students of agriculture and ecology. Its strength can be found in its versatility. Agricultural students with no prior coursework in ecology will find it invaluable as an introduction to ecological principles, while ecology students will gain insight into the practical application of these principles with respect to agriculture. This text will help readers understand the ecological processes inherent in any agricultural system as well as their implications in agricultural management. Without learning every type of agricultural practice (an impossible task), readers will come away with an understanding of how to apply these principles to agricultural design, management and problem-solving in very specific situations. ALSO AVAILABLE - INSTRUCTOR'S SUPPLEMENT: Instructor's Manual (ISBN# 0-7668-0654-5). Call Customer Support to Order.

Introductory Ecology

Author: Peter Cotgreave,Irwin Forseth

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1444311344

Category: Science

Page: 288

View: 8887

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In this age of increasing human domination of the Earth's biological and physical resources, a basic understanding of ecology is more important than ever. Students need a textbook that introduces them to the basic principles of ecological science, one that is relevant to today's world, and one that does not overwhelm them with detail and jargon. Peter Cotgreave and Irwin Forseth have designed this book to meet the needs of these students, by providing a basic synthesis of how individual organisms interact with their physical environment, and with each other, to generate the complex ecosystems we see around us. The unifying theme of the book is biodiversity-its patterns, causes, and the growing worldwide threats to it. Basic ecological principles are illustrated using clearly described examples from the current ecological literature. This approach makes the book valuable to all students studying ecology. Examples have been chosen carefully to represent as wide a range of ecosystems (terrestrial and aquatic, northern and southern hemisphere) and life forms (animal, plant and microbe) as possible. Particular attention is paid to consequences of global change on organisms, populations, ecological communities and ecosystems. The end result is a text that presents a readable and persuasive picture of how the Earth's natural systems function, and how that functioning may change over the coming century. Features include: · strong coverage of applied and evolutionary ecology · applications of ecology to the real world · a question-orientated approach · the only comprehensive treatment of ecology written for the introductory student · an emphasis on definitions of key words and phrases · an integration of experimental, observational and theoretical material · examples drawn from all over the world and a wide variety of organisms · a logical structure, building from the response of individual organisms to physical factors, through population growth and population interactions, to community structure and ecosystem function · suggested further reading lists for each chapter · boxes to explain key concepts in more depth · dedicated textsite featuring additional information and teaching aids www.blackwellpublishing.com/cotgreave Peter Cotgreave is an animal ecologist who has worked for the University of Oxford and the Zoological Society of London. His research interests centre on abundance and rarity within animal communities. Irwin Forseth is a plant physiological ecologist who has taught introductory ecology and plant ecology at the University of Maryland since 1982. His research focuses on plant responses to the environment. The authors have studied organisms as diverse as green plants, insects and mammals in habitats from deserts to tropical rainforests. They have worked in ecological research and education in Africa, Asia, North and South America, Europe and the Caribbean.

Community Ecology

Processes, Models, and Applications

Author: Herman A. Verhoef,Peter J. Morin

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199228973

Category: Science

Page: 247

View: 1651

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This is an up-to-date study of patterns and processes involving two or more species. The book strikes a balance between plant and animal species and among studies of marine, freshwater and terrestrial communities.

Theoretical Ecosystem Ecology

Understanding Element Cycles

Author: Goran I. Agren,Ernesto Bosatta

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521646512

Category: Nature

Page: 252

View: 4991

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The cycling of elements such as carbon and nitrogen is of central importance in ecology, particularly when humans are causing changes to element cycles on a global scale. In this 1996 book a rigorous mathematical framework is developed to model how element cycles operate and interact in plants and soils, forming the foundations of a new ecosystem theory. From a few basic equations, powerful predictions can be generated covering a wide range of ecological phenomena related to element cycling. These predictions are tested extensively against field and laboratory studies of agricultural and forest ecosystems. This work will be of interest to graduate students and researchers in theoretical ecology, soil science, forestry and biogeochemistry.

Ecology

Principles and Applications

Author: J. L. Chapman,M. J. Reiss

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521588027

Category: Nature

Page: 330

View: 440

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The second edition has been brought up to date with current syllabuses by the addition of further material on the key issue of conservation providing coverage of the principles of conservation and using case studies to provide examples of conservation policies in practice.

Ecology of Desert Systems

Author: Walter G. Whitford

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080504995

Category: Science

Page: 343

View: 4501

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Conventional wisdom considers deserts stark, harsh regions that support few living things. Most people also believe that water alone makes the desert bloom. Ecology of Desert Systems challenges these conventional views. This volume explores a broad range of topics of interest to ecosystem, population, community, and physiological ecologists. Climate, weather patterns, geomorphology, and wind and water processes are examined as variables that affect the distribution of biota through fundamental ecosystem processes. Descriptions of morphological, behavioral, and physiological adaptations of desert biota illuminate, through the lens of patch dynamics, principles for understanding observed patterns of primary production, nutrient cycling, and the effects of consumers. Desertification, and the techniques for monitoring and quantifying it, is examined within the framework of desert ecosystem patterns and processes. * Focuses on the interactions of climate, soil, and biota along a spectrum of spatial and temporal scales * Details the role of animals in desert ecosystems and landscape processes * Examines watershed scale processes, the ecology of ephemeral lakes, and the ecological changes identified with desertification * Outlines the fundamental concepts relevant to sustainable development of arid lands

Climate Change Biology

Author: Lee Hannah

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 012799923X

Category: Science

Page: 470

View: 7255

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Climate Change Biology, 2e examines the evolving discipline of human-induced climate change and the resulting shifts in the distributions of species and the timing of biological events. The text focuses on understanding the impacts of human-induced climate change by drawing on multiple lines of evidence, including paleoecology, modeling, and current observation. This revised and updated second edition emphasizes impacts of human adaptation to climate change on nature and greater emphasis on natural processes and cycles and specific elements. With four new chapters, an increased emphasis on tools for critical thinking, and a new glossary and acronym appendix, Climate Change Biology, 2e is the ideal overview of this field. Expanded treatment of processes and cycles Additional exercises and elements to encourage independent and critical thinking Increased on-line supplements including mapping activities and suggested labs and classroom activities.