Private Security and Public Policing

Author: Trevor Jones,Tim Newburn

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198265697

Category: Political Science

Page: 288

View: 1537

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In this first major empirical study of its kind, the authors examine the growth of 'private' policing and its relationship with, and implications for, the public police service. Beginning with a critique of the sociology of policing, the authors then provide a detailed analysis of the concepts of public and private, and examine the boundaries between different forms of policing. Using data from the first ever survey of the private security sector in Britain, the authors provide estimatesof the numbers of employees and firms in the industry; the range of services and products offered; and the attitudes of those at senior levels in private security organizations. Competiting theoretical explanations for the growth of private policing are then considered. The book then examines policing at the local level. Using a case study of the London Borough of Wandsworth, the authors examine the range of individuals and organizations involved in policing on the ground. They describe and analyse the activities of the full range of 'policing' bodies, including the public police force, investigatory and regulatory agencies attached to national and local government, and private security organizations. Using this analysis, the authors offer a thorough reconceptualization of what is meant by 'policing' in the late modern era, and consider the implications of this for the public police service and for the future of policing generally.

Qualitative Research in Criminology (1999)

Author: Fiona Brookman,Lesley Noaks,Emma Wincup

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351141422

Category: Social Science

Page: 194

View: 3820

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Published in 1999, this text brings together detailed reflexive accounts of authors’ experiences of conducting research on a variety of criminological topics. The broad aim of the book is to critically review how qualitative methods can be effectively deployed in the area of criminology. The conclusions reached in the text are diverse, reflecting the range of qualitative methods considered and the particular criminological topics to which they are applied. A common theme throughout is that whilst qualitative research can help to provide valid and meaningful information on criminological issues, researchers need to carefully reflect upon both the methodological and ethical dimensions of their work. The book will appeal to those who wish to understand the experience of conducting qualitative research on aspects of crime and criminal justice. This will include undergraduate and postgraduate students undertaking research for the first time, as well as experienced researchers and teachers. This book was originally published as part of the Cardiff Papers in Qualitative Research series edited by Paul Atkinson, Sara Delamont and Amanda Coffey. The series publishes original sociological research that reflects the tradition of qualitative and ethnographic inquiry developed at Cardiff. The series includes monographs reporting on empirical research, edited collections focussing on particular themes, and texts discussing methodological developments and issues.

Organised crime

a catalyst in the Europeanisation of national police and prosecution agencies?

Author: Monica den Boer

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 559

View: 8762

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Police Community Support Officers

Cultures and Identities within Pluralised Policing

Author: Megan O'Neill

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 019252559X

Category: Law

Page: 192

View: 918

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Police Community Support Officers: Cultures and Identities within Pluralised Policing presents the first in-depth ethnographic study of Police Community Support Officers (PCSOs) since the creation of the role in 2002. Situated within the tradition of police ethnographies, this text examines the working worlds of uniformed patrol support staff in two English police forces. Based on over 350 hours of direct observation and 33 interviews with PCSOs and police constables in both urban and rural contexts, Police Community Support Officers offers a detailed analysis of the operational and cultural realities of pluralised policing from within. Using a dramaturgic framework, the author finds that PCSOs have been undermined by their own organisations from the beginning, which has left a lasting legacy in terms of their relationships and interactions with police officer colleagues. The implications of this for police cultures, community policing approaches and the success of pluralisation are examined. The author argues that while PCSOs can have similar occupational experiences to constables, their particular circumstances have led to a unique occupational culture, one which has implications for existing police culture theories. The book considers these findings in light of budget reductions and police reforms occurring across the sector, processes in which PCSOs are particularly vulnerable.

Criminal Justice Research: Inspiration Influence and Ideation

Inspiration Influence and Ideation

Author: Ian K McKenzie,Ray Bull

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351785702

Category: Social Science

Page: 260

View: 9085

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This title was first published in 2002: A collection of criminal justice researchers select a number of books, documents, papers and such like, that they believe to be important and influential in the field of criminal justice research. Each author has written a description and critique of the selected item and have discussed the impact of each of them with regards to formulating or developing their own research. The authors also speculate onb the direction they believe the area in question might be expected to develop in the first 10-15 years of the 21st century. The definition of crimnal justice, in this book, is a broad one, and that is reflected in the combination of criminologists, psychologists, sociologists and experts on social and public administration. In all the book attempts to examine the inspirations, influences and thought processes which underpin criminal justice research efforts.

CCTV and Policing

Public Area Surveillance and Police Practices in Britain

Author: Benjamin Jervis Goold

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780199265145

Category: Law

Page: 244

View: 9787

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CCTV and Policing is the first major published work to present a comprehensive assessment of the impact of CCTV on the police in Britain. Drawing extensively upon empirical research, the volume examines how the police in Britain first became involved in public area surveillance, and how they have since attempted to use CCTV technology to prevent, respond to, and investigate crime. In addition, the volume also provides a detailed analysis of the legality of CCTV surveillance in light of recent changes to the Data Protection Act and the incorporation of the European Convention on Human Rights. Challenging many existing accounts of the relationship between the police and new surveillance technologies, CCTV and Policing breaks new ground in policing and surveillance theory, and argues that it is time for a major reassessment of both our understanding of how the police respond to technological change, and of the role played by such technologies in our society.

Policing and Security in Practice

Challenges and Achievements

Author: T. Prenzler

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137007788

Category: Social Science

Page: 227

View: 4316

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This volume addresses critical questions about how to achieve the best outcomes from police and security providers by reviewing and critiquing the scientific literature and identifying best practice guidelines. Chapters cover a range of topical issues, including legitimacy, organised crime, public protests and intelligence and investigations.

Policing after the act

police governance after the Police and Magistratess̓ Courts Act 1994

Author: Trevor Jones,Tim Newburn

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780853747048

Category: Law enforcement

Page: 229

View: 3861

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Bouncers

Violence and Governance in the Night-time Economy

Author: Dick Hobbs

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780199252244

Category: Law

Page: 323

View: 7194

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In recent years, the expansion of night-time leisure has emerged as a key indicator of post-industrial urban prosperity, attracting investment, creating employment, and re-generating the built environment. These leisure economies are youth-dominated, focusing upon the sale and consumption of alcohol. Unprecedented numbers of young people now flock to town centres that are crammed with bars, pubs, and clubs, and the resulting violent disorder has over run police resources that remain geared to the drinking patterns and alcohol cultures of previous generations. Post-industrial re-structuring has spawned an increasingly complex mass of night-time leisure options through which numerous licit and illicit commercial opportunities flow. Yet, regardless of the fashionable and romantic notions of many contemporary urban theorists, it is alcohol, mass intoxication, and profit rather than 'cultural regeneration,' which lies at the heart of this rapidly expanding dimension of post-industrial urbanism. Private security in the bulky form of bouncers fills the void left by the public police. These men (only 7% are women), whose activities are barely regulated by the State, are dominated by a powerful subculture rooted in routine violence and intimidation. Using ethnography, participant observation, and extensive interviews with all the main players, this controversial book charts the emergence of the bouncer as one of the most graphic symbols in the iconography of post-industrial Britain.

Crime and Security

Author: Benjamin Jervis Goold,Lucia Zedner

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing Company

ISBN: N.A

Category: Law

Page: 508

View: 1037

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This volume brings together a wide range of contributions from leading scholars in the field and includes international and comparative perspectives on the challenges posed by the rise of the 'security society'.

Violent Racism

Victimization, Policing, and Social Context

Author: Benjamin Bowling

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 377

View: 2056

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This book gives us a detailed examination of the official documents--and of the historical origins--of racist violence in Britain. The author also employs the findings of this examination, as presented alongside an in-depth case study of racial attacks and police responses in East London, to ponder the question of why the ideas and language of white supremacy and racial exclusion direct violence at "non-white" individuals, and why police response is so routinely ineffectual. This volume reveals many insights into racist Britain that will be of interest to both academics in this area and those professionals who routinely deal with, or answer for, the acts and consequences of racism.

Criminology

Author: Chris Hale

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: N.A

Category: Law

Page: 594

View: 3596

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"Criminology is the ideal textbook for undergraduate and postgraduate students coming to the subject for the first time. Written by a team of leading criminologists, the book covers a wide range of topics including: historical and contemporary understandings of crime and criminal justice; different forms of crime - from street crime to state crime; who commits crime and who are the victims of crime; and how society and state agencies respond to crime and disorder. The contributions to the book offer clear, accessible introductions to the main issues in criminology, and the book includes questions, summaries, further reading, a comprehensive glossary, and tables and diagrams throughout."--BOOK JACKET.

Plural Policing

A Comparative Perspective

Author: Trevor Jones,Tim Newburn

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415355100

Category: Social Science

Page: 242

View: 2260

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Policing is changing rapidly and radically. An increasingly complex array of public, private and municipal bodies - as well as public police forces - are engaged in the provision of regulation and security. Consequently, it is difficult to think of security provision primarily in terms of what the public police do, and so the terminology of 'fragmented' or 'plural' policing systems has become well-established within criminology and police science. 'Plural policing' is now a central issue within criminology and police studies throughout the world, and there is now a large and growing body of research and theory concerned with its extent, nature and governance. To date, however, this work has been dominated by Anglo-American perspectives. This volume takes a detailed comparative look at the development of plural policing, and provides the most up-to-date work of reference for scholars in this field. Edited by two of the world's leading authorities on policing, and including individual contributions from internationally recognised experts in criminology and police studies, this is the first ever volume to focus on 'plural policing' internationally, and to draw together empirical evidence on its developments in a formal comparative framework.

Crime prevention and community safety

new directions

Author: Gordon Hughes,Eugene McLaughlin,John Muncie,Open University

Publisher: Sage Publications Ltd

ISBN: N.A

Category: Political Science

Page: 354

View: 7399

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`This text represents a major contribution to the literature on crime prevention and community safety. It goes beyond existing literature in bringing together sophisticated theoretical analysis on these topics which are core issues for government at local as well as national levels. And it also brings a much needed international perspective to our understanding of the local governance of crime' - Kevin Stenson, Professor of Criminology, Buckinghamshire Chilterns University College Crime Prevention and Community Safety provides an essential introduction to the complex issues and debates in the field of crime control and the new politics of safety and security across the globe. Collectively the contributions to this volume present a critique of current policy and open up the field of study to new directions. While engaging with the dominant focus on `what works' in crime reduction and community safety, the book also moves beyond the traditionally narrow, technical boundaries of much previous debate. Crime Prevention and Community Safety: New Directions looks at: -The relationship between crime control, communities and the nation state; -The diverse and changing sites of conflict, compromise and collusion around crime control policies; -Wider issues relating to `risk', 'safety' and `security'. The central feature of the volume as a whole is a commitment to exploring new directions for research and analysis, theoretically, empirically and comparatively. In opening up the varying and volatile spaces for crime prevention and community safety within the more general politics of social order, the book provides a critical rethinking of traditional connections between criminology, social policy and politics. Crime Prevention and Community Safety will be essential reading for students of criminology, criminal justice, community safety, socio-legal studies, sociology of crime and deviance and social policy. This is a course Reader for The Open University course D863 Community Safety, Crime Prevention and Social Control

Doing security

critical reflections and an agenda for change

Author: Mark Button

Publisher: Palgrave MacMillan

ISBN: N.A

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 251

View: 1053

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Despite the growing interest in security amongst governments, organizations and the general public, the provision of much security is substandard. This book explores the problems facing security, and sets out innovative proposals to enhance the effectiveness of security in society, at national and organizational levels.