Proof, Logic, and Conjecture

The Mathematician's Toolbox

Author: Robert S. Wolf

Publisher: St. Martin's Press

ISBN: 9780716730507

Category: Mathematics

Page: 421

View: 2525

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This text is designed to teach students how to read and write proofs in mathematics and to acquaint them with how mathematicians investigate problems and formulate conjecture.

A Tour Through Mathematical Logic

Author: Robert S. Wolf

Publisher: MAA

ISBN: 9780883850367

Category: Mathematics

Page: 397

View: 631

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A guide that any interested reader with some post-calculus experience in mathematics can read, enjoy, and learn from.

A Survey of Modern Algebra

Author: Garrett Birkhoff,Saunders Mac Lane

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1351991736

Category: Mathematics

Page: 512

View: 585

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This classic, written by two young instructors who became giants in their field, has shaped the understanding of modern algebra for generations of mathematicians and remains a valuable reference and text for self study and college courses.

How to Think Like a Mathematician

A Companion to Undergraduate Mathematics

Author: Kevin Houston

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139477055

Category: Mathematics

Page: N.A

View: 7170

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Looking for a head start in your undergraduate degree in mathematics? Maybe you've already started your degree and feel bewildered by the subject you previously loved? Don't panic! This friendly companion will ease your transition to real mathematical thinking. Working through the book you will develop an arsenal of techniques to help you unlock the meaning of definitions, theorems and proofs, solve problems, and write mathematics effectively. All the major methods of proof - direct method, cases, induction, contradiction and contrapositive - are featured. Concrete examples are used throughout, and you'll get plenty of practice on topics common to many courses such as divisors, Euclidean algorithms, modular arithmetic, equivalence relations, and injectivity and surjectivity of functions. The material has been tested by real students over many years so all the essentials are covered. With over 300 exercises to help you test your progress, you'll soon learn how to think like a mathematician.

Mathematical Reasoning

Patterns, Problems, Conjectures, and Proofs

Author: Raymond Nickerson

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1136945393

Category: Psychology

Page: 595

View: 2446

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The development of mathematical competence -- both by humans as a species over millennia and by individuals over their lifetimes -- is a fascinating aspect of human cognition. This book explores a vast range of psychological questions related to mathematical cognition, and provides fascinating insights for researchers and students of cognition and instructors of mathematics.

Discrete Mathematics

Proofs, Structures and Applications, Third Edition

Author: Rowan Garnier,John Taylor

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1439812810

Category: Mathematics

Page: 843

View: 770

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Taking an approach to the subject that is suitable for a broad readership, Discrete Mathematics: Proofs, Structures, and Applications, Third Edition provides a rigorous yet accessible exposition of discrete mathematics, including the core mathematical foundation of computer science. The approach is comprehensive yet maintains an easy-to-follow progression from the basic mathematical ideas to the more sophisticated concepts examined later in the book. This edition preserves the philosophy of its predecessors while updating and revising some of the content. New to the Third Edition In the expanded first chapter, the text includes a new section on the formal proof of the validity of arguments in propositional logic before moving on to predicate logic. This edition also contains a new chapter on elementary number theory and congruences. This chapter explores groups that arise in modular arithmetic and RSA encryption, a widely used public key encryption scheme that enables practical and secure means of encrypting data. This third edition also offers a detailed solutions manual for qualifying instructors. Exploring the relationship between mathematics and computer science, this text continues to provide a secure grounding in the theory of discrete mathematics and to augment the theoretical foundation with salient applications. It is designed to help readers develop the rigorous logical thinking required to adapt to the demands of the ever-evolving discipline of computer science.

A Tour Through Mathematical Logic

Author: Robert S. Wolf

Publisher: MAA

ISBN: 9780883850367

Category: Mathematics

Page: 397

View: 5727

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A guide that any interested reader with some post-calculus experience in mathematics can read, enjoy, and learn from.

Introduction to Advanced Mathematics: A Guide to Understanding Proofs

Author: Connie M. Campbell

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 0547165382

Category: Mathematics

Page: 144

View: 2105

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This text offers a crucial primer on proofs and the language of mathematics. Brief and to the point, it lays out the fundamental ideas of abstract mathematics and proof techniques that students will need to master for other math courses. Campbell presents these concepts in plain English, with a focus on basic terminology and a conversational tone that draws natural parallels between the language of mathematics and the language students communicate in every day. The discussion highlights how symbols and expressions are the building blocks of statements and arguments, the meanings they convey, and why they are meaningful to mathematicians. In-class activities provide opportunities to practice mathematical reasoning in a live setting, and an ample number of homework exercises are included for self-study. This text is appropriate for a course in Foundations of Advanced Mathematics taken by students who've had a semester of calculus, and is designed to be accessible to students with a wide range of mathematical proficiency. It can also be used as a self-study reference, or as a supplement in other math courses where additional proofs practice is needed. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

An Invitation to Real Analysis

Author: Luis F. Moreno

Publisher: The Mathematical Association of America

ISBN: 1939512050

Category: Mathematics

Page: 680

View: 1866

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An Invitation to Real Analysis is written both as a stepping stone to higher calculus and analysis courses, and as foundation for deeper reasoning in applied mathematics. This book also provides a broader foundation in real analysis than is typical for future teachers of secondary mathematics. In connection with this, within the chapters, students are pointed to numerous articles from The College Mathematics Journal and The American Mathematical Monthly. These articles are inviting in their level of exposition and their wide-ranging content. Axioms are presented with an emphasis on the distinguishing characteristics that new ones bring, culminating with the axioms that define the reals. Set theory is another theme found in this book, beginning with what students are familiar with from basic calculus. This theme runs underneath the rigorous development of functions, sequences, and series, and then ends with a chapter on transfinite cardinal numbers and with chapters on basic point-set topology. Differentiation and integration are developed with the standard level of rigor, but always with the goal of forming a firm foundation for the student who desires to pursue deeper study. A historical theme interweaves throughout the book, with many quotes and accounts of interest to all readers. Over 600 exercises and dozens of figures help the learning process. Several topics (continued fractions, for example), are included in the appendices as enrichment material. An annotated bibliography is included.

A Gateway to Higher Mathematics

Author: Jason Goodfriend

Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Learning

ISBN: 9780763727338

Category: Computers

Page: 309

View: 9746

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A Gateway to Higher Mathematics integrates the process of teaching students how to do proofs into the framework of displaying the development of the real number system. The text eases the students into learning how to construct proofs, while preparing students how to cope with the type of proofs encountered in the higher-level courses of abstract algebra, analysis, and number theory. After using this text, the students will not only know how to read and construct proofs, they will understand much about the basic building blocks of mathematics. The text is designed so that the professor can choose the topics to be emphasized, while leaving the remainder as a reference for the students.

Elementary Analysis

The Theory of Calculus

Author: Kenneth A. Ross

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780387904597

Category: Mathematics

Page: 264

View: 8988

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Designed for students having no previous experience with rigorous proofs, this text on analysis is intended to follow a standard calculus course. It will be useful for students planning to continue in mathematics (with, for example, complex variables, differential equations, numerical analysis, multivariable calculus, or statistics), as well as for future secondary school teachers.

A TeXas Style Introduction to Proof

Author: Ron Taylor,Patrick X. Rault

Publisher: The Mathematical Association of America

ISBN: 1939512131

Category: Mathematics

Page: 176

View: 1850

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A TeXas Style Introduction to Proof is an IBL textbook designed for a one-semester course on proofs (the "bridge course") that also introduces TeX as a tool students can use to communicate their work. As befitting "textless" text, the book is, as one reviewer characterized it, "minimal." Written in an easy-going style, the exposition is just enough to support the activities, and it is clear, concise, and effective. The book is well organized and contains ample carefully selected exercises that are varied, interesting, and probing, without being discouragingly difficult.

Numbers and Proofs

Author: Reg Allenby

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0080928773

Category: Mathematics

Page: 288

View: 2839

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'Numbers and Proofs' presents a gentle introduction to the notion of proof to give the reader an understanding of how to decipher others' proofs as well as construct their own. Useful methods of proof are illustrated in the context of studying problems concerning mainly numbers (real, rational, complex and integers). An indispensable guide to all students of mathematics. Each proof is preceded by a discussion which is intended to show the reader the kind of thoughts they might have before any attempt proof is made. Established proofs which the student is in a better position to follow then follow. Presented in the author's entertaining and informal style, and written to reflect the changing profile of students entering universities, this book will prove essential reading for all seeking an introduction to the notion of proof as well as giving a definitive guide to the more common forms. Stressing the importance of backing up "truths" found through experimentation, with logically sound and watertight arguments, it provides an ideal bridge to more complex undergraduate maths.

The History of Mathematical Proof in Ancient Traditions

Author: Karine Chemla

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139510584

Category: Philosophy

Page: N.A

View: 1888

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This radical, profoundly scholarly book explores the purposes and nature of proof in a range of historical settings. It overturns the view that the first mathematical proofs were in Greek geometry and rested on the logical insights of Aristotle by showing how much of that view is an artefact of nineteenth-century historical scholarship. It documents the existence of proofs in ancient mathematical writings about numbers and shows that practitioners of mathematics in Mesopotamian, Chinese and Indian cultures knew how to prove the correctness of algorithms, which are much more prominent outside the limited range of surviving classical Greek texts that historians have taken as the paradigm of ancient mathematics. It opens the way to providing the first comprehensive, textually based history of proof.

Experimental Mathematics in Action

Author: David H. Bailey,Jonathan Borwein,Neil Calkin,Russell Luke,Roland Girgensohn,Victor Moll

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439864330

Category: Mathematics

Page: 337

View: 4436

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With the continued advance of computing power and accessibility, the view that "real mathematicians don't compute" no longer has any traction for a newer generation of mathematicians. The goal in this book is to present a coherent variety of accessible examples of modern mathematics where intelligent computing plays a significant role and in so doing to highlight some of the key algorithms and to teach some of the key experimental approaches.

Probability Theory

The Logic of Science

Author: E. T. Jaynes

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139435167

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 3928

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The standard rules of probability can be interpreted as uniquely valid principles in logic. In this book, E. T. Jaynes dispels the imaginary distinction between 'probability theory' and 'statistical inference', leaving a logical unity and simplicity, which provides greater technical power and flexibility in applications. This book goes beyond the conventional mathematics of probability theory, viewing the subject in a wider context. New results are discussed, along with applications of probability theory to a wide variety of problems in physics, mathematics, economics, chemistry and biology. It contains many exercises and problems, and is suitable for use as a textbook on graduate level courses involving data analysis. The material is aimed at readers who are already familiar with applied mathematics at an advanced undergraduate level or higher. The book will be of interest to scientists working in any area where inference from incomplete information is necessary.

What is Mathematics?

An Elementary Approach to Ideas and Methods

Author: Richard Courant,Herbert Robbins,Ian Stewart

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780195105193

Category: Mathematics

Page: 566

View: 6752

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A discussion of fundamental mathematical principles from algebra to elementary calculus designed to promote constructive mathematical reasoning.