Qualitative Research in Sociology

Author: Amir Marvasti

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1847871461

Category: Social Science

Page: 160

View: 8389

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'The book is an extremely valuable resource for students and new researchers who embark on qualitative research in sociology and the social sciences. It will be a valuable source for those who teach qualitative research methods in not only the social sciences but also in other disciplines, including health science. I wholeheartedly recommend this book' - Australian Journal of Primary Health Qualitative Research in Sociology offers a hands-on guide to doing qualitative research in sociology. It provides an introductory survey of the methodological and theoretical dimensions of qualitative research as practised by those interested in the study of social life. Through a detailed yet concise explanation, the reader is shown how these methods work and how their outcomes may be interpreted. Practically focused throughout, the book also offers constructive advice for students analysing and writing their research projects. Key features of the book include: · An innovative framework - combining different methodologies and approaches. · A variety of `real-life' examples and case studies - enriches the book for the reader · A set of practical exercises in each chapter - pedagogical and student-focussed throughout. · International in focus - offers a wide-ranging set of approaches and debates · A broad coverage - includes discussions of ethnography, visual analysis, ethical issues, discourse and conversation analysis and report-writing The book has a flowing narrative and student-friendly structure which makes it accessible to and popular with students. It will be an invaluable resource for students and researchers, helping them to undertake effective qualitative research in both sociology and courses in social research across the social sciences.

Sociological Research Methods

Author: Martin Bulmer

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 9781412834681

Category: Social Science

Page: 351

View: 6450

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A rich source of ideas about sociological research methods to assist the researcher in determining what method will provide the most reliable and useful knowledge, how to choose between different methodologies, and what constitutes the most fruitful relationship between sociological theories and research methods.

Qualitative Methods in Military Studies

Research Experiences and Challenges

Author: Helena Carreiras

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 0415698111

Category: History

Page: 189

View: 3513

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This book examines the methodology of qualitative research in military studies. Since the end of the Cold War, the number of studies on military and society has grown substantially in substance, size and impact. However, only a tiny part of this bibliography deals in depth with the research methods used, especially in relation to qualitative methods. The data that form the basis of the researchers' analyses are often presented as if they were immediately available, rather than as a product of interaction between the researcher and those who participated in the research. Comprising essays by international scholars, the volume discusses the methodological questions raised by the use of qualitative research methodology in military settings. On the one hand, it focuses on the specificity of the military as a social context for research: the authors single out and discuss the particular field effects produced by institutional arrangements, norms and practices of the military. On the other, the authors proceed in an empirical manner: all methodological questions are addressed with regard to concrete situations of field research. This book will be of much interest to students of military studies, research methods, sociology, anthropology, war and conflict studies and security studies in general.

Interpreting qualitative data

methods for analysing talk, text and interaction

Author: David Silverman

Publisher: Sage Publications Ltd

ISBN: 9780803987579

Category: Mathematics

Page: 224

View: 2791

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"David Silverman is, without doubt, one of the most challenging, demanding writers on qualitative research. . . . For all nurses who are considering, planning, or currently working on qualitative research studies, this book will prove indispensable." --Nursing Times Agenda "The major interest of this book is the immediacy of its accounts of life in the field and how individual ethnographers responded to its demands and dilemmas. It will alert the apprentice researcher to the realities of day-to-day engagement in the research setting, and to the more worn practitioner it offers the comforting reassurance that one is not alone in one's field experiences of isolation, fear, hostility, harassment and confusion." --European Sociological Review "The book offers communication researchers some of the best, recent work on qualitative inquiry in the human disciplines. . . . Published by Sage, the leading publisher of qualitative research in the social sciences today. . . . David Silverman's elegantly written text, filled with worked-through examples and student exercises, argues for a rigorous postpositivist approach to the issues of observation, analysis, validity, reliability, and generalizability in qualitative research. . . . There is great value here, especially in Silverman's desire to bring new terms and new methods into the qualitative research tradition. . . . This work brings the communication scholar up-to-date on where qualitative methods are in current sociological and educational discourse." --Norman K. Denzin in Journal of Communication "This book is a milestone. At last a leading researcher has given us an authoritative account of ethnography as a way of doing social science, building a discipline and a body of theory. The standards set here will be benchmarks for years to come." --Robert Dingwall, University of Nottingham "This book, written by one of the master craftsmen of qualitative research, deals with the full gamut of problems and possibilities which routinely confront the researcher. It is absolutely brimming with ideas and suggestions for teachers, students, and professional researchers, and will undoubtedly serve as an indispensable resource for years to come. Indeed, for anyone even vaguely interested in getting their students to engage with everyday social life, this book will prove to be an incomparable starting point." --Lindsay Prior, University of Ulster "A very useful addition to the literature, covering aspects of qualitative research in an admirably lucid and well-illustrated way." --Paul Atkinson, University of Wales "An excellent text. Sliverman's earlier book set new standards for 'thinking about' qualitative sociology; the present text adds to this by demonstrating the practical relevance of qualitative research as a way of doing social science. I doubt it will be surpassed for many years." --Michael Emmison, University of Queensland "Readable and likely to be a big success with students. I use especially the chapter on quantifying observational data." --Maureen Cain, University of West Indies "Excellent book with its useful exercises, just what is needed in teaching research methods." --Helmi Jarvilouman, University of Tampere "Excellent. Both learned and concrete enough for the student." --Anssi Perakyla, University of Tampere This book is a broad-ranging critical introduction to and assessment of the central issues involved in qualitative research. David Silverman's text spans the range of different approaches within the qualitative tradition, the relations between qualitative and quantitative methods in social research, and the strengths of specific methodologies. Particular issues discussed include the theoretical underpinnings and methodological consequences of major traditions of qualitative research, including ethnography, symbolic interactionism, conversation analysis, and ethnomethodology; issues of observation, analysis, and validity in qualitative research; and the centrality of language as the medium of communication of the subjects of qualitative research and the different ways in which such communication can be studied--through interviews, texts, and transcripts. Interpreting Qualitative Data will be of interest to students, academics, and researchers doing qualitative research.

Qualitative Research on Sport and Physical Culture

Author: Kevin Young,Michael Atkinson

Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing

ISBN: 1780522975

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 225

View: 2904

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Addresses issues in methodology, contemporary issues in research methods and innovative trends in qualitative research that are addressed through case study examples from areas of research in sport studies. This title includes: historical methods; ethnography; auto-ethnography; embodied methods; interviewing; and, narratives.

On Social Research and Its Language

Author: Paul F. Lazarsfeld

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226469614

Category: Social Science

Page: 333

View: 5836

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Without Paul F. Lazarsfeld the social sciences would not be what they are today. In his ground-breaking work on unemployment, voting, consumer behavior, and social influence, among other subjects, his methodological emphasis on vigorously controlled scientific language and structures transformed social research worldwide. Lazarsfeld's systematic criticism of observational, conceptual, and inferential procedures in sociology led to the the formation of universally applied observational and analytical techniques, such as the panel design of observation and contextual and multivariate analysis. His methodology for empirical social research had a profound effect on all the social sciences. The eighteen essays in On Social Research and Its Language illustrate the diversity of Lazarsfeld's substantive, methodological, and organizational interests. Spanning the years 1933 to 1972, they encompass his own works of social research, as well as writings on methodology and the history and sociology of social research. Articles on methodology—observing, classifying and building typologies, analyzing the relations between variables, qualitative analysis, and macrosociology—form the bulk of the book. In addition, Raymond Boudon provides a revealing biography of Lazarsfeld and his influence on sociology. These classic writings by a formative figure of modern social science will be an indispensable reference for scholars across the historical and social science disciplines.

Qualitative Research

Theory, Method and Practice

Author: David Silverman

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780761949343

Category: Social Science

Page: 378

View: 5213

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Building on the global success of the First Edition of Qualitative Research: Theory, Method and Practice, the new edition has been thoroughly updated and revised. It succeeds in providing a comprehensive yet accessible guide to a variety of methodological approaches to qualitative research. Edited by David Silverman, the book brings together a team of internationally-renowned researchers to discuss the theory and practice of qualitative research. In each chapter, the contributors broaden our conception of qualitative research by drawing upon particular examples of data-analysis to advance their analytical arguments.

Researching Culture

Qualitative Method and Cultural Studies

Author: Pertti Alasuutari

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9781446222782

Category:

Page: 224

View: 6410

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This clearly written, well-illustrated text satisfies a long-standing need for an authoritative account of the methodology of cultural studies. It will become required reading on many courses' - "David Silverman, Goldsmiths College, University of London " The growth of interdisciplinary cultural studies poses new challenges for the process of doing research. In this textbook, Pertti Alasuutari introduces the range of approaches and methodological tools available for undertaking critical research, and shows how cultural studies transcend traditional divisions between qualitative and quantitative methods and between social sciences and humanities. He draws upon three main sources: the qualitative traditions of sociological and anthropological research, including ethnography and symbolic interactionism; methods for the study of language and interaction - semiotics, narrative analysis, conversation analysis and discourse analysis; and quantitative analysis in terms of its relevance to data produced by research on culture.

Qualitative Sociology

Author: Howard Schwartz,Jerry Jacobs

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 0029281601

Category: Social Science

Page: 480

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Efforts to reconstruct the reality of a social scene have evolved numerous theoretical and methodological strategies. Qualitative sociology fills the gap in existing literature by providing a comprehensive and detailed treatment of the broad range of non-quantitative methods currently being used in sociological research, with the conceptual rationales for each method. Recognizing the need for a clear, concise discussion of both the theoretical and practical aspects of "reality reconstruction" and "formal sociology," Drs. Schwartz and Jacobs draw on the theories and strategies of Weber, Mead, Blumer, Glaser, Straus, Simmel, Goffman, Schutz, Garfinkel, and Cicourel, among others, to justify, explain, and illustrate: field studies participant observation (ethnography) interviewing life histories and personal accounts the analysis of unobtrusive measures audio-visual techniques methods of studying and subjectivity phenomenology and more Thus, the authors not only describe the various theories and methods, but they add to the reader's understanding by providing insight into who has used the methods and why, and by evaluating the strengths and weaknesses of each method. They also supplement the text throughout with a collection of case studies which illustrate the kind of substantive work qualitative research can produce. No other available text covers as many methods as are described in Qualitative Sociology. All the methods are examined in an informal, conversational style, making the discussion accessible to the student with no previous knowledge of qualitative theories and practices.

Talk and Interaction in Social Research Methods

Author: Paul Drew,Geoffrey Raymond,Darin Weinberg

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1847877044

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 248

View: 8647

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'This book admirably fulfils its stated objective of describing social research methods in action and exploring, from a range of perspectives, the linguistic shaping of social context. Overall, this is a balanced, well-edited and coherent collection of papers, bringing together high quality work from recognized authorities in the analysis of talk-in-interaction. It is also highly accessible; it would certainly make an excellent resource book for undergraduate, graduate (and practising!) social scientists ' - Rebecca Clift, University of Essex 'Talk and Interaction in Social Research Methodologies is a much-needed methods text. Focusing on research methods in action, the volume offers a new way of viewing the realities of social research. By taking language use seriously, the text reveals the details and depths of a wide range of research projects as they have seldom been presented before. This is the first book of its kind to offer such a powerful and insightful depiction of the role of talk-in-interaction in relation to social research methods. The book's plan is creative and unparalleled. There's nothing else like it. The editors—Paul Drew, Geoffrey Raymond and Darin Weinberg—represent the very best from multiple traditions of researching talk-in-interaction—from both sides of the Atlantic. The chapters are written by a sterling collection of researchers—a virtual honor roll of conversation analysts and kindred spirits. This book is a "must read" for social researchers of all disciplines who are interested in social interaction. It should be assigned reading for all graduate students being introduced to qualitative methods. It should be on every qualitative researcher's book shelf. It is a tour de force in demonstrating the absolutely fundamental position that language use holds in social science methodology' - James A Holstein, Marquette University This is a methodology text with a difference. It demonstrates the importance of talk in a variety of social research methodologies. Even documents, the seemingly least interactional form of social data, are shown to have important interactional dimensions. The book focuses systematically on how sociological methods are essentially conducted through forms of spoken interaction, and how these interactions shape the results that emerge in research. The book demonstrates: " How spoken interactions shape the outcomes of core research methodologies " The role which talk-in-interaction plays in key substantive areas of sociology notably race, crime, gender and media " Reveals the interactional underpinnings of research methodologies This is the first text aimed at an undergraduate and Master's audience in Sociology and Social Research, which shows the crucial part that spoken interaction plays in the conduct and products of conventional sociological methodologies.

The SAGE Handbook of Online Research Methods

Author: Nigel G Fielding,Raymond M Lee,Grant Blank

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1446206602

Category: Social Science

Page: 592

View: 4429

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This handbook is the first to provide comprehensive, up-to-the-minute coverage of contemporary and developing Internet and online social research methods, spanning both quantitative and qualitative research applications. The editors have brought together leading names in the field of online research to give a thoroughly up to date, practical coverage, richly illustrated with examples. The chapters cover both methodological and procedural themes, offering readers a sophisticated treatment of the practice and uses of Internet and online research that is grounded in the principles of research methodology. Beginning with an examination of the significance of the Internet as a research medium, the book goes on to cover research design, data capture, online surveys, virtual ethnography, and the internet as an archival resource, and concludes by looking at potential directions for the future of Internet and online research. The SAGE Handbook of Internet and Online Research Methods will be welcomed by anyone interested in the contemporary practice of computer-mediated research and scholarship. Postgraduates, researchers and methodologists from disciplines across the social sciences will find this an invaluable source of reference.

Qualitative Methods and Health Policy Research

Author: Elizabeth A. Murphy,Robert Dingwall

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 9780202368429

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 230

View: 7701

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Qualitative researchers have traditionally been cautious about claiming that their work was scientific. The "right-on" schools have exaggerated this caution into an outright rejection of science as a model for their work. Science is, for them, outmoded; "an archaic form of consciousness surviving for a while yet in a degraded form" (Tyler 1986:200). Scientists' assertions that they are in pursuit of truth simply camouflage their own lust for power. There is no essential difference between truth and propaganda. The authors acknowledge that the boundary between science and propaganda has often been breached and some distrust of scientific claims may be healthy. They also question the claim that science creates disinterested and objective knowledge of an observer-independent world without concluding that science is impossible. The skeptics' reservations about qualitative research are based on the deep-rooted assumption among natural scientists, and some social scientists, that there is a world "out there," prior to, and independent of, their observations. This world can be known objectively in the sense that all observers will, if identically placed, see it in exactly the same way. If a suitable language were available, they would also all produce identical descriptions. From these observations they can work out the laws governing the world's operations. The authors try to resolve these contrary claims by asserting that science is a procedural commitment. It consists of openness to refutation, a conscientious and systematic search for contradictory evidence, and a readiness to subject one's preconceptions to critical examination. The devotion to truth as a regulative ideal is an essential difference between science and propaganda. This work is a unique and innovative defense of scientific method. Elizabeth Murphy is reader in sociology and social policy at the University of Nottingham, UK. Robert Dingwall is professor and director of the Institute for the Study of Genetics, Biorisks, and Society at the University of Nottingham, UK.

Integrating Quantitative and Qualitative Research in Development Projects

Author: Michael Bamberger

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 9780821344316

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 171

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A report based on a workshop held in 1998 at which outside research specialists and World Bank staff discussed the importance of integrating quantitative and qualitative research methods and reviewed experiences in the use of mixed method approaches in Bank research and project design.

Annual Review of the Sociology of Religion

Volume 3: New Methods in the Sociology of Religion

Author: Luigi Berzano,Ole Riis

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004176039

Category: Social Science

Page: 310

View: 3859

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Dealing with a single theme in each volume, the ARSR intends to tackle the relationship between the practices and the dynamics of everyday life and the different religions and spiritualities, within the framework of the post-secular society.

Using Computers in Qualitative Research

Author: Nigel G. Fielding Raymond M. Lee

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9781446239803

Category:

Page: 224

View: 2555

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This is a comprehensive assessment of recent developments in the use of computers in qualitative research, an increasingly important and rapidly growing area of interest among social scientists and graduate students. Using Computers in Qualitative Research profiles and compares the principal programs available, identifying their particular strengths and limitations. It outlines the sorts of research problems that existing and forthcoming software can and cannot handle. The contributors also draw on their experiences of teaching computer-based techniques to suggest ways in which these could be incorporated into research methods training. [Reprinted with updated information on computer resources, 1992]

Qualitative Methods for Health Research

Author: Judith Green,Nicki Thorogood

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1446293432

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 360

View: 3177

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The Third Edition of this bestselling title is packed full of real-world advice for researchers and students. It is an invaluable introduction to the theoretical and practical essentials needed to design, conduct and appraise qualitative research in health. The book highlights core research skills, taking the reader through the key debates in qualitative methodology. It sets out a logical, easy-to-follow path supported by practical examples ensuring you will find it engaging and relevant. Updates for the new edition include: - a new chapter on effectively combining methods - new material on the practical aspects of securing access to participants, using online data and on selecting an approach for analysis - improved material on reading and appraising literature with detailed exploration of systematic reviews and synthesis - expanded chapters on analysing data, with practical suggestions for moving from descriptive to analytical approaches - an effective mix of classic and contemporary case studies from across health research - expanded summaries, key points and reflective questions designed to help students apply theory to their own research. Clear, thorough and articulate, this is an authoritative introduction to qualitative research for all health professionals and students. Visit the accompanying companion website for additional resources. Judith Green is a Professor in Sociology of Health at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine. Nicki Thorogood is a Senior Lecturer in Sociology at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine.

Handbook of Interview Research

Context and Method

Author: Jaber F. Gubrium,James A. Holstein

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780761919513

Category: Social Science

Page: 981

View: 3100

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The Handbook of Interview Research is the most ambitious attempt yet at examining the place of the interview in contemporary society. Interviewing is the predominant mode of research in the social sciences. It's also the stock-in-trade of information seekers in organizations and institutions of all kinds, as well as in the mass media. Across the board, interviews provide today's leading window on the world of experience. The Handbook offers a comprehensive examination of the interview at the cutting edge of information technology. Drawing upon leading experts from a wide range of professional disciplines, this book addresses conceptual and technical challenges that confront both academic researchers and interviewers with more applied goals. From interview theory to the nuts-and-bolts of the interview process, the coverage is impressively broad and authoritative. The Handbook of Interview Research is both encyclopedic and thematic. As an encyclopedia, it provides extensive discussions of the methodological issues now surrounding interview practice, offering a multi-faceted assessment of what has become the method of choice for obtaining personal information in today's society. But the Handbook also is a story, which spins a particular tale of interviewing, one that moves from the commonly recognized individual interview to what is called `the interview society'. The gist of the presentation is that we can no longer regard the interview as simply an instrument for gathering data, but must now also view it an integral part of society.