Quasi-States

Sovereignty, International Relations and the Third World

Author: Robert H. Jackson

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521447836

Category: Law

Page: 225

View: 3753

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Robert Jackson examines the birth and survival of Third World nations since the end of the Second World War. He describes these countries as "quasi-states," arguing that they exist more by the support and indulgence of the international community than by the abilities and efforts of their own governments and peoples. He investigates the international normative framework that upholds sovereign statehood in the Third World. This he calls "negative sovereignty" and contrasts it with what he sees as the "positive sovereignty" that emerged in Europe along with the modern state. Within this structure, he examines how negative sovereignty arose, and its mechanisms and consequences for both international politics and the domestic conditions of quasi-states. He concludes by assessing the future of quasi-states and the institution of negative sovereignty.

Asian Yearbook of International Law 1995

Author: Ko Swan Sik,M. C. W. Pinto,J. J. G. Syatauw

Publisher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers

ISBN: 9789041103758

Category: Law

Page: 660

View: 9777

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The "Asian Yearbook of International Law" is the first publication dedicated primarily to international law as seen from an Asian perspective. It provides a forum for the publication of articles in the field of international law written by experts from the region, and also other articles relating to Asian topics. Its aim is twofold: to promote the dissemination of knowledge of international law in Asia and to provide an insight into Asian views and practices, which will be especially useful to a non-Asian readership. As a rule, each volume of the "Asian Yearbook" contains Articles, Notes, State Practice, a Chronicle of Events and Incidents, United Nations Activities with Special Relevance to Asia, a Survey of Activities of the Asian-African Legal Consultative Committee, a Bibliography and a Documents section.

Multilevel Citizenship

Author: Willem Maas

Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press

ISBN: 0812208188

Category: Law

Page: 288

View: 4857

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Multilevel Citizenship challenges the dominant conception of citizenship as legal and political equality within a sovereign state, demonstrates how citizenship is constructed by political and legal practices, and explores alternative forms of membership in substate, suprastate, and nonstate political communities.

Security and Sovereignty in the Former Soviet Union

Author: Ruth Deyermond

Publisher: Lynne Rienner Pub

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 233

View: 6072

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Among the contentious issues that come into play in relations between Russia and the other post-Soviet states, security concerns are arguably at the top of the list. This text explores the links between post-Soviet security politics and the development of state sovereignty in the region.

Jenseits der Menschenrechte

Die Rechtsstellung des Individuums im Völkerrecht

Author: Anne Peters

Publisher: Mohr Siebeck

ISBN: 9783161527494

Category: Law

Page: 559

View: 2239

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Grundthese des Buches ist, dass ein Paradigmenwechsel stattgefunden hat, der den Menschen zum primaren Volkerrechtssubjekt macht. Diese These wird vor dem Hintergrund der Ideengeschichte und Dogmatik der Volkerrechtspersonlichkeit des Menschen entfaltet und auf die Rechtspraxis in zahlreichen Teilrechtsgebieten, angefangen vom Recht der internationalen Verantwortung uber das Recht des bewaffneten Konflikts, das Recht der Katastrophenhilfe, das internationale Strafrecht, das internationale Umweltrecht, das Konsularrecht und das Recht des diplomatischen Schutzes, das internationale Arbeitsrecht, das Fluchtlingsrecht bis hin zum internationalen Investitionsschutzrecht gestutzt. Der neue Volkerrechtsstatus des Menschen wird mit dem Begriff des subjektiven internationalen Rechts auf den Punkt gebracht.

International Security Management and the United Nations

Author: Muthiah Alagappa,Takashi Inoguchi

Publisher: United Nations Univ

ISBN: 9789280810011

Category: Political Science

Page: 489

View: 7221

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This book examines the ability of the UN to address security concerns, based on its member states' involvement, visions of international security, and contributed assets. At a time when security issues are changing and becoming increasingly complex to address, this will prove to be very useful for students and practitioners of international affairs.

States and Sovereignty in the Global Economy

Author: David A. Smith,Dorothy J. Solinger,Steven C. Topik

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134635087

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 304

View: 6839

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Globalization and the role of the state are issues at the forefront of contemporary debates. With editors and contributors of outstanding academic repututation this exciting new book presents an unconventional and radical perspective. Revealing that states do still matter despite the vigour of international capital flows and the omnipresence of the global market, the chapters in this collection controversially highlight that how states matter Depends upon their differing roles in the global economy and geopolitical system.

Statebuilding and Intervention

Policies, Practices and Paradigms

Author: David Chandler

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134056249

Category: History

Page: 248

View: 9134

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This edited book sets out and engages with some of the key policies, practices and paradigms of external intervention in the case of state support and reconstruction. Many assumptions about statebuilding have been reconsidered in the wake of Iraq, and ongoing problems in other states such as Afghanistan, Bosnia and Kosovo. Rather than being a regional survey or a policy-orientated ‘lessons learned’ book, this collection explores the broader framing of policy goals, statebuilding practices and the consensus on the need for Western states and international institutions to be engaged in this policy area. The volume is divided into three parts: the first engages with some of the key policy frameworks and conceptual issues raised by recent statebuilding interventions; the second considers core statebuilding practices; and the third reconsiders statebuilding paradigms more broadly. The essays open up debate and critical discussion in the field at a time when many advocates of extending statebuilding intervention suggest that the complex nature of the problems of non-Western states and societies mean that it will inevitably be contradictory and limited in its results.

Ontological Security in International Relations

Self-Identity and the IR State

Author: Brent J. Steele

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113598008X

Category: Political Science

Page: 14

View: 2296

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The central assertion of this book is that states pursue social actions to serve self-identity needs, even when these actions compromise their physical existence. Three forms of social action, sometimes referred to as ‘motives’ of state behaviour (moral, humanitarian, and honour-driven) are analyzed here through an ontological security approach. Brent J. Steele develops an account of social action which interprets these behaviours as fulfilling a nation-state's drive to secure self-identity through time. The anxiety which consumes all social agents motivates them to secure their sense of being, and thus he posits that transformational possibilities exist in the ‘Self’ of a nation-state. The volume consequently both challenges and complements realist, liberal, constructivist and post-structural accounts to international politics. Using ontological security to interpret three cases - British neutrality during the American Civil War (1861-1865), Belgium’s decision to fight Germany in 1914, and NATO’s (1999) Kosovo intervention - the book concludes by discussing the importance for self-interrogation in both the study and practice of international relations. Ontological Security in International Relations will be of particular interest to students and researchers of international politics, international ethics, international relations and security studies.

Palestinian State Formation

Education and the Construction of National Identity

Author: Nubar Hovsepian

Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing

ISBN: N.A

Category: Political Science

Page: 269

View: 9031

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Examines the role of education in building a Palestinian state, and especially on the role and function of the education system in the process of state formation.

Semantics of Statebuilding

Language, meanings and sovereignty

Author: Nicolas Lemay-Hébert,Nicholas Onuf,Vojin Rakić,Petar Bojanić

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136654534

Category: Political Science

Page: 200

View: 9440

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This volume examines international statebuilding in terms of language and meanings, rather than focusing narrowly on current policy practices. After two decades of evolution towards more ‘integrated,’ ‘multi-faceted’ or, simply stated, more intrusive statebuilding and peacebuilding operations, a critical literature has slowly emerged on the economic, social and political impacts of these interventions. Scholars have started to analyse the ‘unintended consequences’ of peacebuilding missions, analysing all aspects of interventions. Central to the book is the understanding that language is both the most important tool for building anything of social significance, and the primary repository of meanings in any social setting. Hence, this volume exemplifies how the multiple realities of state, state fragility and statebuilding are being conceptualised in mainstream literature, by highlighting the repercussions this conceptualisation has on ‘good practices’ for statebuilding. Drawing together leading scholars in the field, this project provides a meeting point between constructivism in international relations and the critical perspective on liberal peacebuilding, shedding new light on the commonly accepted meanings and concepts underlying the international (or world) order, as well as the semantics of contemporary statebuilding practices. This book will be of much interest to students of statebuilding and intervention, war and conflict studies, security studies and international relations.

L’ État néopatrimonial

Genèse et trajectoires contemporaines

Author: Daniel C. Bach,Mamoudou Gazibo

Publisher: University of Ottawa Press

ISBN: 2760319636

Category: Political Science

Page: 360

View: 8834

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Pourquoi le néopatrimonialisme est-il si fréquemment utilisé pour caractériser les systèmes politiques Africains ? Les pratiques auxquelles renvoie cette notion, qu’il s’agisse du clientélisme, de la corruption ou de la privatisation de l’État, sont pourtant présentes dans la plupart des pays, qu’ils soient ou non Africains. Afin de répondre à ce paradoxe, L’État néopatrimonial propose une exploration théorique et comparative de la diversité des trajectoires et usages contemporains du concept. À partir d’une discussion des références initiales de Max Weber au patrimonialisme, les différentes contributions abordent le néopatrimonialisme dans ses rapports avec l’analyse de la démocratisation, des relations internationales, de la sociologie des conflits et de l’économie du développement. L’ouvrage renouvelle les débats sur le néopatrimonialisme en Afrique, tout en les élargissant également à l’Asie, l’Europe et l’Amérique latine à travers des études de cas.

Islam in Malaysian Foreign Policy

Author: Shanti Nair

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134960999

Category: Social Science

Page: 320

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A case study of a multi-ethnic Muslim state and a contribution to the study of the domestic functions of foreign policy. The book also addresses the real and imagined significance of Islam as a force in contemporary global politics.

The Ties That Divide

Ethnic Politics, Foreign Policy, and International Conflict

Author: Stephen M. Saideman

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231506279

Category: Political Science

Page: 348

View: 7791

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Ethnic conflicts have created crises within NATO and between NATO and Russia, produced massive flows of refugees, destabilized neighboring countries, and increased the risk of nuclear war between Pakistan and India. Interventions have cost the United States, the United Nations, and other actors billions of dollars. While scholars and policymakers have devoted considerable attention to this issue, the question of why states take sides in other countries' ethnic conflicts has largely been ignored. Most attention has been directed at debating the value of particular techniques to manage ethnic conflict, including partition, prevention, mediation, intervention, and the like. However, as the Kosovo dispute demonstrated, one of the biggest obstacles to resolving ethnic conflicts is getting the outside actors to cooperate. This book addresses this question. Saideman argues that domestic political competition compels countries to support the side of an ethnic conflict with which constituents share ethnicities. He applies this argument to the Congo Crisis, the Nigerian Civil War, and Yugoslavia's civil wars. He then applies quantitative analyses to ethnic conflicts in the 1990s. Finally, he discusses recent events in Kosovo and whether the findings of these case studies apply more broadly.

International Trade and Developing Countries

Bargaining Coalitions in GATT and WTO

Author: Amrita Narlikar

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113436704X

Category: Political Science

Page: 256

View: 4028

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A keen analysis of how and why countries bargain together in groups in world affairs, and why such coalitions are crucial to individual developing nations. It also reveals the effects these negotiating blocs are having on world affairs. Successful coalition building has proven to be a difficult and expensive process. Allies are often not obvious and need to be carefully identified. Large numbers do not necessarily entail a proportionate increase in influence. And the weak have the choice of teaming up against or jumping on the bandwagon with the strong. Even after it has been organised, collective action entails costs of many kinds. This book investigates the relevance and workability of coalitions as instruments of bargaining power for the weak. More specifically, this analyzes the coalition strategies of developing countries at the inter-state level, particularly in the context of international trade. Given the nature of this enquiry, this new study uses theoretical and empirical methods to complement each other. The theoretical approach draws from a plethora of writings: formal theories of clubs and coalitions, theories of domestic political economy and theories of international relations. The empirical analysis of comparable coalitions becomes necessary to assist in this theorising, so the greater part of the book focuses mainly (though not exclusively) on coalitions involving developing countries on the issue-area of trade in services. Through the case-studies of the Uruguay Round and an analytical overview of more recent coalitions, this text fills an important gap in the literature of international political economy and international relations where most GATT/WTO-based coalitions have eluded record. This book will be of great interest to all students of international relations, politics and globalization.

Imagined Regional Communities

Integration and Sovereignty in the Global South

Author: James D. Sidaway

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134671334

Category: Political Science

Page: 168

View: 5358

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Imagined Regional Communities provides an original approach to thinking about the processes of regional integration. Focusing mostly on communities in Africa, Asia and Latin America, it develops detailed case studies based on archives, interviews and critical readings of existing texts. These case-studies are related to each other and the overall themes of the book, so that a set of narratives and theoretical elaborations emerge, that critically reformulate understandings of regional communities, statehold and sovereignty.

Why Wars Happen

Author: Jeremy Black

Publisher: Reaktion Books

ISBN: 1861894155

Category: History

Page: 272

View: 5694

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Why Wars Happen is a groundbreaking inquiry into the crucial yet surprisingly understudied question of why wars occur. Jeremy Black, one of Britain's foremost military historians, presents an interdisciplinary study that draws on subjects such as history, political science, and international relations and marshals a vast range of material with global examples spanning from the fifteenth century to today. Black examines several major modern wars in their historical contexts, taking into account cultural differences and various conflict theories. He analyzes the three main types of war—between cultures, within cultures, and civil—and explores the problems of defining war. Black's investigation inspires fascinating questions such as: Do wars reflect the bellicosity in societies and states, or do they largely arise as a result of a diplomatic breakdown? How closely is war linked to changes in the nature of warfare, the international system, or the internal character of states? Black also considers contemporary situations and evaluates the possible course of future wars. Offering a valuable and thought-provoking analysis on the causes of war and conflicts, Why Wars Happen will interest historians and readers of military history alike.

International Intervention in the Balkans since 1995

Author: Peter Siani-Davies

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134427808

Category: Political Science

Page: 240

View: 8143

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This volume offers an analysis of the activities of the international community in the Balkans since the 1995 Dayton Agreement. There has been substantial investment in the region but so far the gains have been limited and doubts remain as to the extent that sustainable security has been enhanced. There is a need for serious reassessment of policies and priorities, but this depends on a careful analysis of past successes and failures. The contributors seek to provide this by examining intervention, not just in terms of military action and the activities of major international agencies at state level, but also the activities of outside NGOs within the local environment.