Race and the Jury

Racial Disenfranchisement and the Search for Justice

Author: Hiroshi Fukurai,Edgar W. Butler,Richard Krooth

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1489911278

Category: Psychology

Page: 241

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In this timely volume, the authors provide a penetrating analysis of the institutional mechanisms perpetuating the related problems of minorities' disenfranchisement and their underrepresentation on juries.

Handbook of Youth and Justice

Author: Susan O. White

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461512891

Category: Psychology

Page: 442

View: 8688

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When approached by Plenum to put together a volume of social science research on the topic of "youth and justice," I found the interdisciplinary challenge of such a project intriguing. Having spent 2 years as Director of the Law and Social Science Program at the National Science Foundation, I was well aware of the rich diversity of research that could fit within that topic. I also knew that excellent research on youth and justice was coming from different communities of researchers who often were isolated from each other in their respective disciplines as psychologists, sociologists, criminologists, or policy analysts. I saw this project as an opportunity to break down some of this isolation by introducing these researchers-and their work-to each other and to the broader community of social scientists interested in law and justice. There was another gap, or set of gaps, to be bridged as well. The juvenile justice system and the criminal justice system differ in significant ways, and the civil justice system, which is a major venue for issues of youth and justice, is yet another separate world. Few researchers are likely to know the whole picture. For example, a focus on juvenile justice often ignores the extent to which civil justice proceedings shape the lives of young people through divorce, custody, adoption, family preservation policies, and other actions (and vice versa).

Continuity and Discontinuity in Criminal Careers

Author: Paul E. Tracy,Kimberly Kempf-Leonard

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 147579844X

Category: Social Science

Page: 264

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It takes courage to do research on crime and delinquency. Such research is typically conducted in an atmosphere of concern about the problem it addresses and is typically justified as an attempt to discover new facts or to evaluate innovative programs or policies. When, as must often be the case, no new facts are forthcoming or innovative programs turn out not to work, hopes are dashed and time and money are felt to have been wasted. Because they take more time, longitudinal studies require even greater amounts of courage. If the potential for discovery is enhanced, so is the risk of wasted effort. Long-term longitudinal studies are thought to be especially risky for other reasons as well. Theories, issues, and sta tistical methods in vogue at the time they were planned may not be in vogue when they are finally executed. Perhaps worse, according to some perspectives, the structure of causal factors may shift during the execu tion of a longitudinal project such that in the end its findings apply to a reality that no longer exists. These fears and expectations assume an ever-changing world and a corresponding conception of research as a more or less disciplined search for news. Such ideas belittle the contributions of past research and leave us vulnerable to theories, programs, policies, and research agendas that may have only tenuous connections to research of any kind.

Race in the Jury Box

Affirmative Action in Jury Selection

Author: Hiroshi Fukurai,Richard Krooth

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 0791486257

Category: Criminal procedure

Page: 270

View: 9197

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Discusses race-conscious jury selection and highlights strategies for achieving racially mixed juries. Race in the Jury Box focuses on the racially unrepresentative jury as one of the remaining barriers to racial equality and a recurring source of controversy in American life. Because members of minority groups remain underrepresented on juries, various communities have tried race-conscious jury selection, termed "affirmative jury selection." The authors argue that affirmative jury selection can insure fairness, verdict legitimization, and public confidence in the justice system. This book offers a critical analysis and systematic examination of possible applications of race-based jury selection, examining the public perception of these measures and their constitutionality. The authors make use of court cases, their own experiences as jury consultants, and jury research, as well as statistical surveys and analysis. The work concludes with the presentation of four strategies for affirmative jury selection. “Not only do the authors point out (and address) the lack of research concerning affirmative jury selection procedures, but they also unabashedly call for immediate consideration and necessity of reform.” — Criminal Justice Review “…Race in the Jury Box is an impressively argued book that should find a place on the bookshelf of anyone concerned with the American jury and with racial justice in America today. Fukurai and Krooth are among the most innovative and creative jury researchers today; … [they] not only advance new ideas, but also provide evidence that these ideas can work.” — Justice System Journal "This is a one-of-a-kind book. In addition to its focus on race, its findings have direct policy relevance. It tackles a very important set of issues within the legal/jurisprudence and social science literatures and an important public policy debate—the causes and consequences of racial exclusion in juries and possible remedies for the problem." — Darnell F. Hawkins, editor of Ethnicity, Race, and Crime: Perspectives Across Time and Place

Segregation by Design

Local Politics and Inequality in American Cities

Author: Jessica Trounstine

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1108429955

Category: Law

Page: 264

View: 6319

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Local governments use their control over land use to generate race and class segregation, benefitting white property owners.

Stealth Democracy

Americans' Beliefs About How Government Should Work

Author: John R. Hibbing,Elizabeth Theiss-Morse

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521009867

Category: Political Science

Page: 284

View: 2617

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Examining how people want their democratic government to work, this study finds that Americans don't like many of the practices associated with democracy: the conflicts, the debates, the compromises. It finds that Americans don't want to have to see democracy in practice, nor do they want to be involved in politics. If American citizens had their way, political decisions would be made by unselfish decision-makers, lessening the need for monitoring government.

Japan and Civil Jury Trials

The Convergence of Forces

Author: Matthew J. Wilson,Hiroshi Fukurai,Takashi Maruta

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 1783479191

Category: Law

Page: 208

View: 562

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With effective solutions in both criminal and civil disputes at a premium, reformers have advanced varied forms of jury systems as a means of fostering positive political, economic, and social change. Many countries have recently integrated lay partici

The Cambridge Handbook of Deliberative Constitutionalism

Author: Ron Levy,Hoi Kong,Graeme Orr,Jeff King

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1108307795

Category: Law

Page: 392

View: 4305

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Deliberative democratic theory emphasises the importance of informed and reflective discussion and persuasion in political decision-making. The theory has important implications for constitutionalism - and vice versa - as constitutional laws increasingly shape and constrain political decisions. The full range of these implications has not been explored in the political and constitutional literatures to date. This unique Handbook establishes the parameters of the field of deliberative constitutionalism, which bridges deliberative democracy with constitutional theory and practice. Drawing on contributions from world-leading authors, this volume will serve as the international reference point on deliberation as a foundational value in constitutional law, and will be an indispensable resource for scholars, students and practitioners interested in the vital and complex links between democratic deliberation and constitutionalism.

Illuminations from the Past

Trauma, Memory, and History in Modern China

Author: Ban Wang

Publisher: Stanford University Press

ISBN: 9780804750998

Category: History

Page: 311

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This book offers a cultural history of modern China by looking at the tension between memory and history. Mainstream books on China tend to focus on the hard aspects of economics, government, politics, or international relations. This book takes a humanistic look at modern changes and examines how Chinese intellectuals and artists experienced trauma, social upheavals, and transformations. Drawing on a wide array of sources in political and aesthetic writings, literature, film, and public discourse, the author has portrayed the unique ways the Chinese imagine and portray their own historical destiny in the midst of trauma, catastrophe, and runaway globalization.

Contemporary Masters in Criminology

Author: Joan McCord,John H. Laub

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1475798296

Category: Psychology

Page: 412

View: 6535

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Reflecting a diversity of thought and intellectual power, this unique volume provides undergraduate students with an important historical context and demonstrates the continuity of many issues in the fields of criminology and criminal justice. Commemorating the fiftieth anniversary of the American Society of Criminology, this volume contains previously published articles by the society's president-many of whom are the leading thinkers in the field. Articles examine the philosophy of punishment, policing, the politics of crime and crime control, criminological theory, drug use, white-collar crime, female crime, the study of deviance, parole, prediction studies, and criminal justice policy.

Sociologies of Food and Nutrition

Author: Wm. Alex McIntosh

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1489913858

Category: Science

Page: 314

View: 6726

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Here, Wm. Alex McIntosh analyzes the relationship between food and nutrition and social factors, using a wide array of sociological theories. The author applies theories of social organization, culture, social stratification, social change, rural sociology, the sociology of the body, and social problems to empirical problems in food and nutrition. By doing so, he sheds light on issues such as the rise of the state; population growth; famine; obesity; eating disorders; the maldistribution of food across class, gender, and ethnic boundaries; and the changing nature of the food industry.

Performing Rites

On the Value of Popular Music

Author: Simon Frith

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9780674661967

Category: Music

Page: 352

View: 3753

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In "Performing Rites," one of the most influential writers on popular music asks what we talk about when we talk about music. Instead of dismissing emotional response and personal taste as inaccessible to the academic critic, Simon Frith takes these forms of engagement as his subject--and discloses their place at the very center of the aesthetics that structure our culture and color our lives.

Reconciliation, Civil Society, and the Politics of Memory

Transnational Initiatives in the 20th and 21st Century

Author: Birgit Schwelling

Publisher: transcript Verlag

ISBN: 383941931X

Category: Philosophy

Page: 372

View: 5819

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How did civil society function as a locus for reconciliation initiatives since the beginning of the 20th century? The essays in this volume challenge the conventional understanding of reconciliation as a benign state-driven process. They explore how a range of civil society actors - from Turkish intellectuals apologizing for the Armenian Genocide to religious organizations working towards the improvement of Franco-German relations - have confronted and coped with the past. These studies offer a critical perspective on local and transnational reconciliation acts by questioning the extent to which speech became an alternative to silence, remembrance to forgetting, engagement to oblivion.

Geographic Information Science and Public Participation

Author: Laxmi Ramasubramanian

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540754015

Category: Science

Page: 163

View: 9410

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Computer-mediated participation is at the crossroads. In the early heady days of the digital revolution, access to "high" technologies such as GIS promised the empowerment of marginalized communities by providing data and information that was previously hidden away from public view. To a great extent, this goal has been achieved at least in the U.S. and Western Europe – data about a range of government initiatives and raw data about different aspects of spatial planning such as land use, community facilities, property ownership are available a mouse-click away. Now, that we, the public, have access to information, are we able to make better plans for the future of our cities and regions? Are we more inclusive in our planning efforts? Are we able to foster collaborative governance structures mediated by digital technologies? In the book, these issues will be discussed using a three-part structure. The first part of the book will be theoretical – it will review the literature in the field, establish a framework to organize the literature and to link three different subject areas (participation and community development, GIS and other related technologies, and planning processes). The second part of the book will be a series of success stories, case studies that review actual situations where participatory planning using GIS has enabled community wellbeing and empowerment. These case studies will vary in scale and focus on different planning issues (planning broadly defined). The final part of the book will step back to review alternative scenarios for the future, exploring where we are headed, as the technologies we are using to plan rapidly change.