Radiation Detection and Measurement

Author: Glenn F. Knoll

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470131489

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 860

View: 4200

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This is the resource that engineers turn to in the study of radiation detection. The fourth edition takes into account the technical developments that continue to enhance the instruments and techniques available for the detection and spectroscopy of ionizing radiation. New coverage is presented on ROC curves, micropattern gas detectors, new sensors for scintillation light, and the excess noise factor. Revised discussions are also included on TLDs and cryogenic spectrometers, radiation backgrounds, and the VME standard. Engineers will gain a strong understanding of the field with this updated book.

Physics and Engineering of Radiation Detection

Author: Syed Naeem Ahmed

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0128016442

Category: Science

Page: 784

View: 4847

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Physics and Engineering of Radiation Detection presents an overview of the physics of radiation detection and its applications. It covers the origins and properties of different kinds of ionizing radiation, their detection and measurement, and the procedures used to protect people and the environment from their potentially harmful effects. The second edition is fully revised and provides the latest developments in detector technology and analyses software. Also, more material related to measurements in particle physics and a complete solutions manual have been added. Discusses the experimental techniques and instrumentation used in different detection systems in a very practical way without sacrificing the physics content Provides useful formulae and explains methodologies to solve problems related to radiation measurements Contains many worked-out examples and end-of-chapter problems Detailed discussions on different detection media, such as gases, liquids, liquefied gases, semiconductors, and scintillators Chapters on statistics, data analysis techniques, software for data analysis, and data acquisition systems

Measurement and Detection of Radiation, Fourth Edition

Author: Nicholas Tsoulfanidis,Sheldon Landsberger

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1482215489

Category: Medical

Page: 606

View: 3329

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A Sound Introduction to Radiation Detection and Measurement for Newcomers to Nuclear Science and Engineering Since the publication of the bestselling third edition, there have been advances in the field of radiation detection, most notably in practical applications. Incorporating these important developments, Measurement and Detection of Radiation, Fourth Edition provides the most up-to-date and accessible introduction to radiation detector materials, systems, and applications. New to the Fourth Edition New chapters on nuclear forensics and nuclear medicine instrumentation, covering basic principles and applications as well as open-ended problems that encourage more in-depth research Updated references and bibliographies New and expanded problems As useful to students and nuclear professionals as its popular predecessors, this fourth edition continues to carefully explain the latest radiation detector technology and measurement techniques. It also discusses the correct ways to perform measurements and analyze results following current health physics procedures.

Nuclear Radiation Detection, Measurements and Analysis

Author: K. Muraleedhara Varier

Publisher: Alpha Science International, Limited

ISBN: 9781842655566

Category: Science

Page: 297

View: 8787

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Nuclear Radiation Detection, Measurements and Analysis covers various aspects of interactions of nuclear radiations like gamma and X-rays, charged particles like electrons, protons, alpha particles and other heavy ions and neutrons. The important types of detectors for these radiations are described with reference to the principle of operation, structure, working, key features etc. Different types of electronic modules which are helpful in processing and analysing the output pulses from such detectors are also described. The various techniques used for acquiring experimental data using the detectors and the associated electronic modules as well as for analysing the acquired data are discussed at length. Some specialized detector configurations and special techniques are also elaborated. Simple and informative illustrations help in understanding the various concepts presented in the text.

Student Solutions Manual to accompany Radiation Detection and Measurement, 4e

Author: Glenn F. Knoll

Publisher: Wiley

ISBN: 9780470649725

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 82

View: 2805

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This is the resource that engineers turn to in the study of radiation detection. The fourth edition takes into account the technical developments that continue to enhance the instruments and techniques available for the detection and spectroscopy of ionizing radiation. New coverage is presented on ROC curves, micropattern gas detectors, new sensors for scintillation light, and the excess noise factor. Revised discussions are also included on TLDs and cryogenic spectrometers, radiation backgrounds, and the VME standard. Engineers will gain a strong understanding of the field with this updated book.

Compound Semiconductor Radiation Detectors

Author: Alan Owens

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1439873135

Category: Science

Page: 567

View: 6029

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Although elemental semiconductors such as silicon and germanium are standard for energy dispersive spectroscopy in the laboratory, their use for an increasing range of applications is becoming marginalized by their physical limitations, namely the need for ancillary cooling, their modest stopping powers, and radiation intolerance. Compound semiconductors, on the other hand, encompass such a wide range of physical and electronic properties that they have become viable competitors in a number of applications. Compound Semiconductor Radiation Detectors is a consolidated source of information on all aspects of the use of compound semiconductors for radiation detection and measurement. Serious Competitors to Germanium and Silicon Radiation Detectors Wide-gap compound semiconductors offer the ability to operate in a range of hostile thermal and radiation environments while still maintaining sub-keV spectral resolution at X-ray wavelengths. Narrow-gap materials offer the potential of exceeding the spectral resolution of germanium by a factor of three. However, while compound semiconductors are routinely used at infrared and optical wavelengths, their development in other wavebands has been plagued by material and fabrication problems. So far, only a few have evolved sufficiently to produce commercial detection systems. From Crystal Growth to Spectroscopic Performance Bringing together information scattered across many disciplines, this book summarizes the current status of research in compound semiconductor radiation detectors. It examines the properties, growth, and characterization of compound semiconductors as well as the fabrication of radiation sensors, with particular emphasis on the X- and gamma-ray regimes. It explores the limitations of compound semiconductors and discusses current efforts to improve spectral performances, pointing to where future discoveries may lie. A timely resource for the established researcher, this book serves as a comprehensive and illustrated reference on material science, crystal growth, metrology, detector physics, and spectroscopy. It can also be used as a textbook for those new to the field of compound semiconductors and their application to radiation detection and measurement.

Techniques for Nuclear and Particle Physics Experiments

A How-to Approach

Author: William R. Leo

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642579205

Category: Science

Page: 382

View: 4329

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A treatment of the experimental techniques and instrumentation most often used in nuclear and particle physics experiments as well as in various other experiments, providing useful results and formulae, technical know-how and informative details. This second edition has been revised, while sections on Cherenkov radiation and radiation protection have been updated and extended.

Radiation, Ionization, and Detection in Nuclear Medicine

Author: Tapan K. Gupta

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642340768

Category: Medical

Page: 516

View: 9888

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​ This book will serve as the definitive source of detailed information on radiation, ionization, and detection in nuclear medicine. It opens by considering fundamental aspects of nuclear radiation, including dose and energy, sources, and shielding. Subsequent chapters cover the full range of relevant topics, including the detection and measurement of radiation exposure (with detailed information on mathematical modelling); medical imaging; the different types of radiation detector and their working principles; basic principles of and experimental techniques for deposition of scintillating materials; device fabrication; the optical and electrical behaviors of radiation detectors; and the instrumentation used in nuclear medicine and its application. The book will be an invaluable source of information for academia, industry, practitioners, and researchers.

Semiconductor Radiation Detectors

Device Physics

Author: Gerhard Lutz

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3540716793

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 353

View: 960

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Starting from basic principles, this book describes the rapidly growing field of modern semiconductor detectors used for energy and position measurement radiation. The author, whose own contributions to these developments have been significant, explains the working principles of semiconductor radiation detectors in an intuitive way. Broad coverage is also given to electronic signal readout and to the subject of radiation damage.

Signal Processing for Radiation Detectors

Author: Mohammad Nakhostin

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119410142

Category: Science

Page: 528

View: 7038

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"This book provides a clear understanding of the principles of signal processing of radiation detectors. It is designed to be a stand-alone book and no extensive pre-knowledge of electronics is assumed. To this end, the characteristics of pulses from various types of detectors are emphasized and an overview is given on the basic concepts required to understand detectors signal processing systems and pulse processing techniques. The author covers all important aspects of signal processing including energy spectroscopy, timing, position-sensing, pulse-shape discrimination and radiation intensity measurement. By reading this book, researchers, engineers, and graduate students working in disciplines such as nuclear physics and engineering, environmental and biomedical engineering, medical physics and radiological science will have the knowledge to optimize available systems or to setup their own experiments"--

An Introduction to Radiation Protection 6E

Author: Alan Martin,Sam Harbison,Karen Beach,Peter Cole

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1444146084

Category: Medical

Page: 256

View: 1663

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An Introduction to Radiation Protection is a highly readable account of the nature of the hazards presented by ionizing radiation and the methods of protection for those new to the field and for the non-specialist. The sixth edition of this established text takes readers through the general background of the subject, the technical principles underlying the control of radiation hazards, radiation detection and measurement, and the biological effects of radiation. These principles are followed by a consideration of radiation protection issues in the nuclear industry, the non-nuclear sector, and the medical field. Further specialised topics include risk assessment, waste management and decommissioning, radiological incidents and emergencies, relevant legislation, and organizational issues. Supplemented by clear diagrams and photographs, summary sections, and revision questions, the book is suitable for the beginner as well as the more advanced radiation practitioner. It remains an ideal primer for those working in the nuclear industry, nuclear medicine technicians, radiographers and medical physics technicians, health and safety executives and occupational health professionals. It is also an invaluable companion for anyone training or undertaking a course in radiation protection.

Radiation and Detectors

Introduction to the Physics of Radiation and Detection Devices

Author: Lucio Cerrito

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319531816

Category: Science

Page: 210

View: 627

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This textbook provides an introduction to radiation, the principles of interaction between radiation and matter, and the exploitation of those principles in the design of modern radiation detectors. Both radiation and detectors are given equal attention and their interplay is carefully laid out with few assumptions made about the prior knowledge of the student. Part I is dedicated to radiation, broadly interpreted in terms of energy and type, starting with an overview of particles and forces, an extended review of common natural and man-made sources of radiation, and an introduction to particle accelerators. Particular attention is paid to real life examples, which place the types of radiation and their energy in context. Dosimetry is presented from a modern, user-led point of view, and relativistic kinematics is introduced to give the basic knowledge needed to handle the more formal aspects of radiation dynamics and interaction. The explanation of the physics principles of interaction between radiation and matter is given significant space to allow a deeper understanding of the various technologies based on those principles. Following an introduction to the ionisation mechanism, detectors are introduced in Part II, grouped according to the physical principle that underpins their functionality, with chapters covering gaseous detectors, semiconductor detectors, the scintillation process and light detectors. The final two chapters describe the phenomenology of showers and the design of calorimeters, and cover additional phenomena including Cherenkov and transition radiation and the detection of neutrinos. An appendix offers the reader a useful review of statistics and probability distributions. The mathematical formalism is kept to a minimum throughout and simple derivations are presented to guide the reasoning and facilitate understanding of the working principles. The book is unique in its wide scope and introductory level, and is suitable for undergraduate and graduate students in physics and engineering. The reader will acquire an awareness of how radiation and its exploitation are becoming increasingly relevant in the modern world, with over 140 experimental figures, detector schematics and photographs helping to relate the material to a broader research context.

Semiconductor Detector Systems

Author: Helmuth Spieler

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191523658

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 512

View: 7718

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Semiconductor sensors patterned at the micron scale combined with custom-designed integrated circuits have revolutionized semiconductor radiation detector systems. Designs covering many square meters with millions of signal channels are now commonplace in high-energy physics and the technology is finding its way into many other fields, ranging from astrophysics to experiments at synchrotron light sources and medical imaging. This book is the first to present a comprehensive discussion of the many facets of highly integrated semiconductor detector systems, covering sensors, signal processing, transistors and circuits, low-noise electronics, and radiation effects. The diversity of design approaches is illustrated in a chapter describing systems in high-energy physics, astronomy, and astrophysics. Finally a chapter "Why things don't work" discusses common pitfalls. Profusely illustrated, this book provides a unique reference in a key area of modern science.

Handbook of Radioactivity Analysis

Author: Michael F. L'Annunziata

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0123848741

Category: Science

Page: 1418

View: 1229

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The updated and much expanded 3e of the Handbook of Radioactivity Analysis is an authoritative reference providing the principles, practical techniques, and procedures for the accurate measurement of radioactivity from the very low levels encountered in the environment to higher levels measured in radioisotope research, clinical laboratories, biological sciences, radionuclide standardization, nuclear medicine, nuclear power, and fuel cycle facilities and in the implementation of nuclear forensic analysis and nuclear safeguards. The book describes the basic principles of radiation detection and measurement and the preparation of samples from a wide variety of matrices, assists the investigator or technician in the selection and use of appropriate radiation detectors, and presents state-of-the-art methods of analysis. Fundamentals of radiation properties, radionuclide decay, the calculations involved, and methods of detection provide the basis for a thorough understanding of the analytical procedures. The Handbook of Radioactivity Analysis, 3e, is suitable as a teaching text for university and professional training courses. The only comprehensive reference that describes the principles of detection and practical applications of every type of radioactivity detector currently used. The new 3e is broader in scope, with revised and expanded chapters, new authors, and seven new chapters on Alpha Spectrometry, Radionuclide Standardization, Radioactive Aerosol Measurements, Environmental Radioactivity Monitoring, Marine Radioactivity Analysis, Nuclear Forensic Analysis and Analytical Techniques in Nuclear Safeguards Discusses in detail the principles, theory and practice applied to all types of radiation detection and measurement, making it useful for both teaching and research

Introduction to Radiological Physics and Radiation Dosimetry

Author: Frank Herbert Attix

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527617140

Category: Medical

Page: 628

View: 7456

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A straightforward presentation of the broad concepts underlying radiological physics and radiation dosimetry for the graduate-level student. Covers photon and neutron attenuation, radiation and charged particle equilibrium, interactions of photons and charged particles with matter, radiotherapy dosimetry, as well as photographic, calorimetric, chemical, and thermoluminescence dosimetry. Includes many new derivations, such as Kramers X-ray spectrum, as well as topics that have not been thoroughly analyzed in other texts, such as broad-beam attenuation and geometrics, and the reciprocity theorem. Subjects are layed out in a logical sequence, making the topics easier for students to follow. Supplemented with numerous diagrams and tables.

Fundamentals of Nuclear Pharmacy

Author: Gopal B. Saha

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319575805

Category: Medical

Page: 428

View: 7680

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Currently an estimated 17 million nuclear medicine procedures are performed each year in the US and constantly evolving, as new radiopharmaceuticals and imaging techniques are introduced for better diagnosis and treatment of human diseases. In keeping up with new developments, the Seventh Edition of Fundamentals of Nuclear Pharmacy chronicles the advancements in radiopharmaceuticals and their use in clinical applications. It discusses basic concepts such as the atom, radioactive decay, instrumentation and production of radionuclides, and explores the design, labeling, characteristics and quality control of radiopharmaceuticals. Radiation regulations and diagnostic and therapeutic applications of radiopharmaceuticals are detailed. Thoroughly updated, the Seventh Edition includes new topics such as alternative productions of 99Mo; production of 64Cu, 86Y, 89Zr, 177Lu, 223Ra; synthesis and clinical uses of new radiopharmaceuticals such as DaTscan, Xofigo, Amyvid, Neuraceq, Vizamyl, Axumin and 68Ga-DOTATATE; dosimetry of new radiopharmaceuticals; theranostic agents and translational medicine. It features numerous examples, diagrams, and images to further clarify the information and offers end- of-chapter questions to help readers assess their comprehension of the material. Recognized as a classic text on nuclear chemistry and pharmacy and acclaimed for its concise and easy-to-understand presentation, Fundamentals of Nuclear Pharmacy is an authoritative resource for nuclear medicine physicians, residents, students, and technologists.