Radiation Detection and Measurement

Author: Glenn F. Knoll

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470131489

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 860

View: 9448

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This is the resource that engineers turn to in the study of radiation detection. The fourth edition takes into account the technical developments that continue to enhance the instruments and techniques available for the detection and spectroscopy of ionizing radiation. New coverage is presented on ROC curves, micropattern gas detectors, new sensors for scintillation light, and the excess noise factor. Revised discussions are also included on TLDs and cryogenic spectrometers, radiation backgrounds, and the VME standard. Engineers will gain a strong understanding of the field with this updated book.

Physics and Engineering of Radiation Detection

Author: Syed Naeem Ahmed

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0128016442

Category: Science

Page: 784

View: 1500

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Physics and Engineering of Radiation Detection presents an overview of the physics of radiation detection and its applications. It covers the origins and properties of different kinds of ionizing radiation, their detection and measurement, and the procedures used to protect people and the environment from their potentially harmful effects. The second edition is fully revised and provides the latest developments in detector technology and analyses software. Also, more material related to measurements in particle physics and a complete solutions manual have been added. Discusses the experimental techniques and instrumentation used in different detection systems in a very practical way without sacrificing the physics content Provides useful formulae and explains methodologies to solve problems related to radiation measurements Contains many worked-out examples and end-of-chapter problems Detailed discussions on different detection media, such as gases, liquids, liquefied gases, semiconductors, and scintillators Chapters on statistics, data analysis techniques, software for data analysis, and data acquisition systems

Student Solutions Manual to accompany Radiation Detection and Measurement, 4e

Author: Glenn F. Knoll

Publisher: Wiley

ISBN: 9780470649725

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 82

View: 565

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This is the resource that engineers turn to in the study of radiation detection. The fourth edition takes into account the technical developments that continue to enhance the instruments and techniques available for the detection and spectroscopy of ionizing radiation. New coverage is presented on ROC curves, micropattern gas detectors, new sensors for scintillation light, and the excess noise factor. Revised discussions are also included on TLDs and cryogenic spectrometers, radiation backgrounds, and the VME standard. Engineers will gain a strong understanding of the field with this updated book.

Measurement and Detection of Radiation, Fourth Edition

Author: Nicholas Tsoulfanidis,Sheldon Landsberger

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1482215489

Category: Medical

Page: 606

View: 3775

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A Sound Introduction to Radiation Detection and Measurement for Newcomers to Nuclear Science and Engineering Since the publication of the bestselling third edition, there have been advances in the field of radiation detection, most notably in practical applications. Incorporating these important developments, Measurement and Detection of Radiation, Fourth Edition provides the most up-to-date and accessible introduction to radiation detector materials, systems, and applications. New to the Fourth Edition New chapters on nuclear forensics and nuclear medicine instrumentation, covering basic principles and applications as well as open-ended problems that encourage more in-depth research Updated references and bibliographies New and expanded problems As useful to students and nuclear professionals as its popular predecessors, this fourth edition continues to carefully explain the latest radiation detector technology and measurement techniques. It also discusses the correct ways to perform measurements and analyze results following current health physics procedures.

Nuclear Radiation Detection, Measurements and Analysis

Author: K. Muraleedhara Varier

Publisher: Alpha Science International, Limited

ISBN: 9781842655566

Category: Science

Page: 297

View: 5177

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Nuclear Radiation Detection, Measurements and Analysis covers various aspects of interactions of nuclear radiations like gamma and X-rays, charged particles like electrons, protons, alpha particles and other heavy ions and neutrons. The important types of detectors for these radiations are described with reference to the principle of operation, structure, working, key features etc. Different types of electronic modules which are helpful in processing and analysing the output pulses from such detectors are also described. The various techniques used for acquiring experimental data using the detectors and the associated electronic modules as well as for analysing the acquired data are discussed at length. Some specialized detector configurations and special techniques are also elaborated. Simple and informative illustrations help in understanding the various concepts presented in the text.

Detektoren für Teilchenstrahlung

Author: Konrad Kleinknecht

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3322822052

Category: Science

Page: 245

View: 2809

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Der Leser erhält einen umfassenden Überblick über Aufbau und Funktionsweise von Teilchendetektoren. In der 4. Auflage werden neuere Entwicklungen wie Silizium-Streifendetektoren, Pixeldetektoren, szintillierende Fasern, neue elektromagnetische Kalorimeter und kompensierende Hadronkalorimeter behandelt. Vertiefend wird nun auch auf aktuelle Forschungsgebiete wie Astroteilchenphysik, kosmische Strahlung, Neutrinophysik und die dunkle Materie im Kosmos eingegangen.

Handbook of Radioactivity Analysis

Author: Michael F. L'Annunziata

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0123848741

Category: Science

Page: 1418

View: 7694

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The updated and much expanded 3e of the Handbook of Radioactivity Analysis is an authoritative reference providing the principles, practical techniques, and procedures for the accurate measurement of radioactivity from the very low levels encountered in the environment to higher levels measured in radioisotope research, clinical laboratories, biological sciences, radionuclide standardization, nuclear medicine, nuclear power, and fuel cycle facilities and in the implementation of nuclear forensic analysis and nuclear safeguards. The book describes the basic principles of radiation detection and measurement and the preparation of samples from a wide variety of matrices, assists the investigator or technician in the selection and use of appropriate radiation detectors, and presents state-of-the-art methods of analysis. Fundamentals of radiation properties, radionuclide decay, the calculations involved, and methods of detection provide the basis for a thorough understanding of the analytical procedures. The Handbook of Radioactivity Analysis, 3e, is suitable as a teaching text for university and professional training courses. The only comprehensive reference that describes the principles of detection and practical applications of every type of radioactivity detector currently used. The new 3e is broader in scope, with revised and expanded chapters, new authors, and seven new chapters on Alpha Spectrometry, Radionuclide Standardization, Radioactive Aerosol Measurements, Environmental Radioactivity Monitoring, Marine Radioactivity Analysis, Nuclear Forensic Analysis and Analytical Techniques in Nuclear Safeguards Discusses in detail the principles, theory and practice applied to all types of radiation detection and measurement, making it useful for both teaching and research

Semiconductor Radiation Detectors

Device Physics

Author: Gerhard Lutz

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540648598

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 283

View: 4218

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Starting from basic principles, this book describes the rapidly growing field of modern semiconductor detectors used for energy and position measurement radiation. The author, whose own contributions to these developments have been significant, explains the working principles of semiconductor radiation detectors in an intuitive way. Broad coverage is also given to electronic signal readout and to the subject of radiation damage.

Signal Processing for Radiation Detectors

Author: Mohammad Nakhostin

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119410142

Category: Science

Page: 528

View: 8517

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"This book provides a clear understanding of the principles of signal processing of radiation detectors. It is designed to be a stand-alone book and no extensive pre-knowledge of electronics is assumed. To this end, the characteristics of pulses from various types of detectors are emphasized and an overview is given on the basic concepts required to understand detectors signal processing systems and pulse processing techniques. The author covers all important aspects of signal processing including energy spectroscopy, timing, position-sensing, pulse-shape discrimination and radiation intensity measurement. By reading this book, researchers, engineers, and graduate students working in disciplines such as nuclear physics and engineering, environmental and biomedical engineering, medical physics and radiological science will have the knowledge to optimize available systems or to setup their own experiments"--

Radiation, Ionization, and Detection in Nuclear Medicine

Author: Tapan K. Gupta

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642340768

Category: Medical

Page: 516

View: 8207

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​ This book will serve as the definitive source of detailed information on radiation, ionization, and detection in nuclear medicine. It opens by considering fundamental aspects of nuclear radiation, including dose and energy, sources, and shielding. Subsequent chapters cover the full range of relevant topics, including the detection and measurement of radiation exposure (with detailed information on mathematical modelling); medical imaging; the different types of radiation detector and their working principles; basic principles of and experimental techniques for deposition of scintillating materials; device fabrication; the optical and electrical behaviors of radiation detectors; and the instrumentation used in nuclear medicine and its application. The book will be an invaluable source of information for academia, industry, practitioners, and researchers.

Compound Semiconductor Radiation Detectors

Author: Alan Owens

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1439873135

Category: Science

Page: 567

View: 7972

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Although elemental semiconductors such as silicon and germanium are standard for energy dispersive spectroscopy in the laboratory, their use for an increasing range of applications is becoming marginalized by their physical limitations, namely the need for ancillary cooling, their modest stopping powers, and radiation intolerance. Compound semiconductors, on the other hand, encompass such a wide range of physical and electronic properties that they have become viable competitors in a number of applications. Compound Semiconductor Radiation Detectors is a consolidated source of information on all aspects of the use of compound semiconductors for radiation detection and measurement. Serious Competitors to Germanium and Silicon Radiation Detectors Wide-gap compound semiconductors offer the ability to operate in a range of hostile thermal and radiation environments while still maintaining sub-keV spectral resolution at X-ray wavelengths. Narrow-gap materials offer the potential of exceeding the spectral resolution of germanium by a factor of three. However, while compound semiconductors are routinely used at infrared and optical wavelengths, their development in other wavebands has been plagued by material and fabrication problems. So far, only a few have evolved sufficiently to produce commercial detection systems. From Crystal Growth to Spectroscopic Performance Bringing together information scattered across many disciplines, this book summarizes the current status of research in compound semiconductor radiation detectors. It examines the properties, growth, and characterization of compound semiconductors as well as the fabrication of radiation sensors, with particular emphasis on the X- and gamma-ray regimes. It explores the limitations of compound semiconductors and discusses current efforts to improve spectral performances, pointing to where future discoveries may lie. A timely resource for the established researcher, this book serves as a comprehensive and illustrated reference on material science, crystal growth, metrology, detector physics, and spectroscopy. It can also be used as a textbook for those new to the field of compound semiconductors and their application to radiation detection and measurement.

Measurement of Weak Radioactivity

Author: P Theodórsson

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9814500216

Category:

Page: 348

View: 5723

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This book is intended for scientists engaged in the measurement of weak alpha, beta, and gamma active samples; in health physics, environmental control, nuclear geophysics, tracer work, radiocarbon dating etc. It describes the underlying principles of radiation measurement and the detectors used. It also covers the sources of background, analyzes their effect on the detector and discusses economic ways to reduce the background. The most important types of low-level counting systems and the measurement of some of the more important radioisotopes are described here. In cases where more than one type can be used, the selection of the most suitable system is shown. Contents:Low-Level CountingHistoryAtomic Nuclei and Binding EnergyRadioactivityInteraction of Radiation with MatterOur Natural Radioactive EnvironmentCosmic RaysRadiation DetectorsBackground: Sources and ComponentsMeasurement of Contamination Background ReductionGermanium SpectrometersGas Proportional Counter SystemsLiquid Scintillation Counting SystemsOther Low-Level Counting SystemsNon-Radiometric Methods and Neutron Activation AnalysisImportant Applications of Low-Level CountingStatisticsReferences: Physical Constants and Conversion FactorsPeriodic Table of Elements Readership: Environmental scientists, nuclear physicists and geophysicists. keywords:Weak;Low-Level;Radioactivity;Environment;Natural;Tritium;Radon;Radiocarbon;Background;Contamination

Detectors for Particle Radiation

Author: Konrad Kleinknecht

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521648547

Category: Science

Page: 246

View: 5859

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This textbook provides a clear, concise and comprehensive review of the physical principles behind the devices used to detect charged particles and gamma rays, and the construction and performance of these many different types of detectors. This second edition has been thoroughly revised and updated to include all the latest developments in detector technology. Detectors for high-energy particles and radiation are used in many areas of science, especially particle physics and nuclear physics experiments, nuclear medicine, cosmic ray measurements, space sciences and geological exploration. This second edition includes several new chapters, covering micro-strip gas chambers, silicon strip detectors and CCDs, scintillating fibres, shower detectors using noble liquid gases, and compensating calorimeters for hadronic showers. This lucid textbook is well illustrated throughout with examples from the many areas in science in which these detectors are used. It provides both a coursebook for students in physics, and a useful introduction for researchers in other fields.

Atoms, Radiation, and Radiation Protection

Author: James E. Turner

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9783527616985

Category: Science

Page: 606

View: 6368

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Atoms, Radiation, and Radiation Protection offers professionals and advanced students a comprehensive coverage of the major concepts that underlie the origins and transport of ionizing radiation in matter. Understanding atomic structure and the physical mechanisms of radiation interactions is the foundation on which much of the current practice of radiological health protection is based. The work covers the detection and measurement of radiation and the statistical interpretation of the data. The procedures that are used to protect man and the environment from the potential harmful effects of radiation are thoroughly described. Basic principles are illustrated with an abundance of worked examples that exemplify practical applications. Chapters include problem sets (with partial answers) and extensive tables and graphs for continued use as a reference work. This completely revised and enlarged third edition includes thorough updates of the material, including the latest recommendations of the ICRP and NCRP.