Rationalities in History

A Weberian Essay in Comparison

Author: D. L. d'Avray

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139490508

Category: History

Page: N.A

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In Rationalities in History the distinguished historian David d'Avray writes a new comparative history in the spirit of Max Weber. In a strikingly original reassessment of seminal Weberian ideas, d'Avray applies value rationality to the comparative history of religion and the philosophy of law. Integrating theories of rational choice, anthropological reflections on relativism, and the recent philosophy of rationality with Weber's conceptual framework, d'Avray seeks to disengage 'rationalisation' from its enduring association with Western 'modernity'. This mode of analysis is contextualised through the examples of Buddhism, Imperial China and sixteenth-century Catholicism - in the latter case building upon unpublished archival research. This ambitious synthesis of social theory and comparative history will engage social scientists and historians from advanced undergraduate level upwards, stimulating interdisciplinary discourse, and making a significant contribution to the methodology of history. D'Avray explores the potential of this new Weberian analysis further in his companion volume, Medieval Religious Rationalities.

Die Verfassung des Politischen

Festschrift für Hans Vorländer

Author: André Brodocz,Dietrich Herrmann,Rainer Schmidt,Daniel Schulz,Julia Schulze Wessel

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3658047844

Category: Political Science

Page: 382

View: 6098

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​Die Beiträge befassen sich mit der Verfassung des Politischen und bilden die wichtigsten Kernthesen von Hans Vorländer ab.

Verhaltensökonomik und Normativität

Die Grenzen des Informationsmodells im Privatrecht und seine Alternativen

Author: Philipp Hacker

Publisher: Mohr Siebeck

ISBN: 9783161551352

Category: Law

Page: 1062

View: 4159

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English summary: People make mistakes, for example in purchase or investment decisions. Novel strategies of regulation seek to use these insights. However, they can only unfold their full potential once they are reconciled with core legal principles. Eventually, in this way, fair behaviour may even be legally promoted. German description: Verhaltensokonomisch basierte Regulierung, von `Nudging` bis `Debiasing`, hat langst auch Deutschland und Europa erreicht. Doch die Implikationen der Verhaltensokonomik fur Normsetzung sind nicht immer so eindeutig, wie sie auf den ersten Blick erscheinen mogen: Auf empirischer Ebene herrscht Unsicherheit uber den tatsachlichen Rationalitatsgrad von Marktakteuren; auf normativer Ebene Unklarheit daruber, welche rechtspolitischen Ziele mithilfe der neuen Techniken verfolgt werden sollen. Philipp Hacker nimmt sich dieser Herausforderungen an, begrundet entscheidungstheoretisch die Relevanz der Verhaltensokonomik fur das Privatrecht und macht sich fur ihren Einsatz zur Steigerung von Fairness in Marktkontexten stark, besonders im Verbraucher- und Kapitalmarktrecht. Auf dieser Grundlage erfahrt das Informationsmodell, das zentrale europaische Regulierungsparadigma, eine Neukonzeption.

Papacy, Monarchy and Marriage 860–1600

Author: David d'Avray

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316299279

Category: History

Page: N.A

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This analysis of royal marriage cases across seven centuries explains how and how far popes controlled royal entry into and exits from their marriages. In the period between c.860 and 1600, the personal lives of kings became the business of the papacy. d'Avray explores the rationale for papal involvement in royal marriages and uses them to analyse the structure of church-state relations. The marital problems of the Carolingian Lothar II, of English kings - John, Henry III, and Henry VIII - and other monarchs, especially Spanish and French, up to Henri IV of France and La Reine Margot, have their place in this exploration of how canon law came to constrain pragmatic political manoeuvring within a system increasingly rationalised from the mid-thirteenth century on. Using documents presented in the author's Dissolving Royal Marriages, the argument brings out hidden connections between legal formality, annulments, and dispensations, at the highest social level.

Spiritual Rationality

Papal Embargo as Cultural Practice

Author: Stefan K. Stantchev

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0198704097

Category: History

Page: 238

View: 5013

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Spiritual Rationality: Papal Embargo as Cultural Practice offers the first book-length study of embargo in a pre-modern period and provides a unique exploration into the domestic implications of this tool of foreign policy. Based on a large and varied body of archival and printed, papal and secular sources, this inquiry covers Europe and the broader Mediterranean from c. 1150 to c. 1550. During this time of an increasing papal role within Christian society, the church employed restrictions on trade with Muslims, pagans, 'heretics', 'schismatics', disobedient Catholic communities and individual Jews in order to facilitate papally-endorsed warfare against external enemies and to discipline internal foes. Various trade bans were originally promulgated as individual responses to specific circumstances. These restrictions, however, were shaped by the premise that sin and the defense of the decorum of the faith and Christendom condoned, or even required, papal intervention into the lives of the laity and by the text-based approach of popes and canonists. Papal embargo, consequently, was not only the sum total of individual trade bans but also a legal and moral discourse that classified exchanges into legitimate and illegitimate ones, compelled merchants to distinguish clearly between themselves as (Roman) Christians and a multitude of others as non-Christians, and helped order symbolically both the relationships between the two groups and those between church and laity. Papal embargo's chief relevance thus lay within Christian society itself, where it functioned as an intangible pastoral staff. While sixteenth-century developments undermined it as a policy tool and a moral discourse alike, papal embargo inscribed the notion of the immorality of trade with the enemy into European thought.

The Oxford Handbook of Medieval Christianity

Author: John H. Arnold

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191015016

Category: History

Page: 640

View: 5599

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The Oxford Handbook of Medieval Christianity takes as its subject the beliefs, practices, and institutions of the Christian Church between 400 and 1500AD. It addresses topics ranging from early medieval monasticism to late medieval mysticism, from the material wealth of the Church to the spiritual exercises through which certain believers might attempt to improve their souls. Each chapter tells a story, but seeks also to ask how and why 'Christianity' took particular forms at particular moments in history, paying attention to both the spiritual and otherwordly aspects of religion, and the material and political contexts in which they were often embedded. This Handbook is a landmark academic collection that presents cutting-edge interpretive perspectives on medieval religion for a wide academic audience, drawing together thirty key scholars in the field from the United States, the UK, and Europe. Notably, the Handbook is arranged thematically, and focusses on an analytical, rather than narrative, approach, seeking to demonstrate the variety, change, and complexity of religion throughout this long period, and the numerous different ways in which modern scholarship can approach it. While providing a very wide-ranging view of the subject, it also offers an important agenda for further study in the field.

Legalism

Community and Justice

Author: Fernanda Pirie,Judith Scheele

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191025933

Category: Law

Page: 260

View: 7521

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'Community' and 'justice' recur in anthropological, historical, and legal scholarship, yet as concepts they are notoriously slippery. Historians and lawyers look to anthropologists as 'community specialists', but anthropologists often avoid the concept through circumlocution: although much used (and abused) by historians, legal thinkers, and political philosophers, the term remains strikingly indeterminate and often morally overdetermined. 'Justice', meanwhile, is elusive, alternately invoked as the goal of contemporary political theorizing, and wrapped in obscure philosophical controversy. A conceptual knot emerges in much legal and political thought between law, justice, and community, but theories abound, without any agreement over concepts. The contributors to this volume use empirical case studies to unpick threads of this knot. Local codes from Anglo-Saxon England, north Africa, and medieval Armenia indicate disjunctions between community boundaries and the subjects of local rules and categories; processes of justice from early modern Europe to eastern Tibet suggest new ways of conceptualizing the relationship between law and justice; and practices of exile that recur throughout the world illustrate contingent formulations of community. In the first book in the series, Legalism: Anthropology and History, law was addressed through a focus on local legal categories as conceptual tools. Here this approach is extended to the ideas and ideals of justice and community. Rigorous cross-cultural comparison allows the contributors to avoid normative assumptions, while opening new avenues of inquiry for lawyers, anthropologists, and historians alike.

Money, Time and Rationality in Max Weber

Austrian Connections

Author: Stephen Parsons

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317797329

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 176

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This unique study into the roots of Max Weber's Political Economy, is an intriguing read and a valuable contribution to the Weberian literature. Parsons argues that Weber's analysis is highly influenced by the Austrian School of Economics and the relationship between his critique of centrally planned economies and that of Mises.

The Politics of Rationality

Reason through Occidental History

Author: Charles Webel

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134490372

Category: Political Science

Page: 228

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What are reason and rationality? How significant are recent postmodernist and neuroscientific challenges to these longheld notions? Should we abandon a belief in reason and an adherence to rationality? Or can reason and rationality be reformulated and reframed? And what does politics have to do with how we think about reason and why we act more or less rationally? The Politics of Rationality differs from other books with "reason" or “rationality” due to its historical, political, depth-psychological, and multidisciplinary approach to understanding reason through history. Charles P. Webel eloquently clarifies the links among ideas, their creators, the relevant mental processes, and the political cultures within which such important concepts as reasons and rationality take hold. He demonstrates how reason and rationality/irrationality have become what they mean for us today and proposes a way to rethink reason and rationality in light of the withering critiques leveled against them. In doing so, he presents a "history of reason and rationality" by examining the intellectual and political contexts of four representative theorists of reason and rationality-- Plato, Machiavelli, Kant, and Weber—and by addressing contemporary challenges posed by postmodernism, depth psychology, and neurophilosophy.

Handeln im Kontext

Neue Abhandlungen zu einem Forschungsprogramm im Anschluss an Max Weber

Author: Wolfgang Schluchter

Publisher: Mohr Siebeck

ISBN: 3161556836

Category: Social Science

Page: 210

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English summary: Max Weber's research program is not only of historical interest, but has also played an important role in recent debates on social theory. The essays collected in this volume contribute to this program and aim to demonstrate its vitality. They consist of explications, interpretations and applications of Max Weber's work and can be summarized as contributions to a relational sociology beyond methodological individualism and methodological holism. They address questions such as the relation between structure and action, rationality in its various dimensions, the role of religion in a secular age, and the problems of comparing religions from a Weberian point of view without being trapped by evolutionism and normative euro-centrism. They also deal with Weber's position in economic and social history and in matters of higher education. German description: Das Forschungsprogramm Max Webers ist nicht nur von historischer Bedeutung, es spielt auch eine wichtige Rolle in der aktuellen Theoriediskussion in der Soziologie. Es lasst sich als eine relationale Soziologie verstehen, zwischen methodologischem Individualismus und methodologischem Holismus angesiedelt. Dies wird in der ersten der in diesem Band zusammengestellten zwolf Abhandlungen von Wolfgang Schluchter gezeigt. Sie stellen insgesamt den Versuch dar, das Potential dieses Forschungsprogramms in verschiedenen Hinsichten auszuloten. Die Abhandlungen umfassen Explikationen und Interpretationen des Werkes Max Webers, aber auch Anwendungen seines Ansatzes auf Fragen, die von ihm noch nicht behandelt wurden.

The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism

and Other Writings

Author: Max Weber

Publisher: Penguin

ISBN: 9781101098479

Category: Social Science

Page: 464

View: 6798

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In The Protestant Ethic, Max Weber opposes the Marxist concept of dialectical materialism and relates the rise of the capitalist economy to the Calvinist belief in the moral value of hard work and the fulfillment of one's worldly duties. For more than seventy years, Penguin has been the leading publisher of classic literature in the English-speaking world. With more than 1,700 titles, Penguin Classics represents a global bookshelf of the best works throughout history and across genres and disciplines. Readers trust the series to provide authoritative texts enhanced by introductions and notes by distinguished scholars and contemporary authors, as well as up-to-date translations by award-winning translators. From the Trade Paperback edition.

Euphony and Logos

Essays in Honour of Maria Steffen-Batóg and Tadeusz Batóg

Author: Roman Murawski,Jerzy Pogonowski

Publisher: Rodopi

ISBN: 9789042003828

Category: Literary Collections

Page: 534

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Max Weber in Amerika

Wirkungsgeschichte und Rezeptionsgeschiche Webers in der anglo-amerikanischen Philosophie und Sozialwissenschaft

Author: Ágnes Erdélyi

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783851650228

Category: Philosophy, American

Page: 254

View: 4221

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Marx oder Weber?

Zur Aktualisierung einer Kontroverse

Author: Johannes Weiss

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 332299922X

Category: Social Science

Page: 244

View: 1558

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Marx wurde als der führende Theoretiker der revolutionären Arbeiterbewegung und Weber als der bedeutendste Apologet der bürgerlich-kapitalistischen Gesellschaft gedeutet - eine Sichtweise, die mittlerweile viel von ihrer Überzeugungskraft verloren hat.