Rebel Governance in Civil War

Author: Ana Arjona,Nelson Kasfir,Zachariah Mampilly

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107102227

Category: History

Page: 322

View: 8673

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The topic of this book is how rebels govern civilians during civil war. It takes a worldwide comparative approach. Its theoretical analyses involve issues in the characteristics, emergence, evolution, decline, and consequences of rebel governance. Its empirical accounts discuss insurgent groups around the globe, including Latin American, African, Asian, and European cases.

The Wartime Origins of Democratization

Civil War, Rebel Governance, and Political Regimes

Author: Reyko Huang

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316738965

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 711

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Why do some countries emerge from civil war more democratic than when they entered into it, while others remain staunchly autocratic? Observers widely depict internal conflict as a pathway to autocracy or state failure, but in fact there is variation in post-civil war regimes. Conventional accounts focus on war outcomes and international peacebuilding, but Huang suggests that postwar regimes have wartime origins, notably in how rebel groups interact with ordinary people as part of war-making. War can have mobilizing effects when rebels engage extensively with civilian populations, catalyzing a bottom-up force for change toward greater political rights. Politics after civil war does not emerge from a blank slate, but reflects the war's institutional and social legacies. The Wartime Origins of Democratization explores these ideas through an original dataset of rebel governance and rigorous comparative case analysis. The findings have far-reaching implications for understanding wartime political orders, statebuilding, and international peacebuilding.

Violent Order

Understanding Rebel Governance through Liberia's Civil War

Author: Nicholai Hart Lidow

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1108107745

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 7492

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Rebel groups exhibit significant variation in their treatment of civilians, with profound humanitarian consequences. This book proposes a new theory of rebel behavior and cohesion based on the internal dynamics of rebel groups. Rebel groups are more likely to protect civilians and remain unified when rebel leaders can offer cash payments and credible future rewards to their top commanders. The leader's ability to offer incentives that allow local security to prevail depends on partnerships with external actors, such as diaspora communities and foreign governments. This book formalizes this theory and tests the implications through an in-depth look at the rebel groups involved in Liberia's civil war. The book also analyzes a micro-level dataset of crop area during Liberia's war, derived through remote sensing, and an original cross-national dataset of rebel groups.

Rebelocracy

Social Order in the Colombian Civil War

Author: Ana Arjona

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316867439

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 8689

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Conventional wisdom portrays war zones as chaotic and anarchic. In reality, however, they are often orderly. This work introduces a new phenomenon in the study of civil war: wartime social order. It investigates theoretically and empirically the emergence and functioning of social order in conflict zones. By theorizing the interaction between combatants and civilians and how they impact wartime institutions, the study delves into rebel behavior, civilian agency and their impact on the conduct of war. Based on years of fieldwork in Colombia, the theory is tested with qualitative and quantitative evidence on communities, armed groups, and individuals in conflict zones. The study shows how armed groups strive to rule civilians, and how the latter influence the terms of that rule. The theory and empirical results illuminate our understanding of civil war, institutions, local governance, non-violent resistance, and the emergence of political order.

Civil War in Syria

Mobilization and Competing Social Orders

Author: Adam Baczko,Gilles Dorronsoro,Arthur Quesnay

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1108368921

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 6475

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In 2011, hundreds of thousands of Syrians marched peacefully to demand democratic reforms. Within months, repression forced them to take arms and set up their own institutions. Two years later, the inclusive nature of the opposition had collapsed, and the PKK and radical jihadist groups rose to prominence. In just a few years, Syria turned into a full-scale civil war involving major regional and world powers. How has the war affected Syrian society? How does the fragmentation of Syria transform social and sectarian hierarchies? How does the war economy work in a country divided between the regime, the insurgency, the PKK and the Islamic State? Written by authors who have previously worked on the Iraqi, Afghan, Kurd, Libyan and Congolese armed conflicts, it includes extensive interviews and direct observations. A unique book, which combines rare field experience of the Syrian conflict with new theoretical insights on the dynamics of civil wars.

Die unterste Milliarde

Warum die ärmsten Länder scheitern und was man dagegen tun kann

Author: Paul Collier

Publisher: Pantheon Verlag

ISBN: 3641204941

Category: Social Science

Page: 256

View: 2951

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Der vielfach preisgekrönte Longseller jetzt in einer neuen Ausgabe Die unterste Milliarde – das sind die ärmsten Menschen der Erde, die am weltweit steigenden Wirtschaftswachstum keinen Anteil haben. Ihre Lebenserwartung ist auf fünfzig Jahre gesunken, jedes siebte Kind stirbt vor dem fünften Lebensjahr. Seit Jahrzehnten befinden sich die Ökonomien dieser Länder im freien Fall – ohne Aussicht auf Besserung. In seinem vielfach preisgekrönten Bestseller erklärt Paul Collier, wie es zu dieser krassen Armut gekommen ist und was man gegen sie tun kann.

American War

Roman

Author: Omar El Akkad

Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag

ISBN: 3104908109

Category: Fiction

Page: 32

View: 8568

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Gleich hier die kostenlose XXL-Leseprobe lesen! »American War« - das Buch der Stunde. »Ein gewaltiger Roman«, schreibt die renommierteste Literaturkritikerin der USA, Michiko Kakutani. Ein Roman über den nächsten amerikanischen Bürgerkrieg und das dramatische Schicksal einer Familie. Was wird sein, wenn die erschütternde Realität der Gegenwart - Drohnenangriffe, Folter, Selbstmordattentate und die Folgen von Umweltkatastrophen - mit aller Gewalt in die USA zurückkehrt? Vor diesem Hintergrund entfaltet Omar El Akkad mit großer erzählerischer Kraft den dramatischen Kampf der jungen Sarat Chestnut, die beschließt, mit allen Mitteln für das Überleben zu kämpfen. »American War« ist in den USA ein literarisches Ereignis, das schon jetzt mit Cormac McCarthy »Die Straße« und Philip Roth »Verschwörung gegen Amerika« verglichen wird.

Resources, Governance and Civil Conflict

Author: Magnus Öberg,Kaare Strøm

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134116306

Category: Political Science

Page: 320

View: 1371

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This book explores how governance structures - domestic political institutions, international peacekeeping efforts, armed interventions by other states - and natural resources affect the onset, dynamics and the termination of civil wars. Written by leading researchers in the field of conflict research, it provides new insights into, and offers fresh perspectives on the role of governance structures and resources in civil conflict, suggesting that many of the same set of factors play important roles in the onset and dynamics of civil conflict as well as in the termination of such conflicts and in post-conflict stability. Presenting a variety of theoretical approaches and case studies on India, Sudan, the Basque country and Costa Rica, Governance, Resources and Civil Conflict will be of interest to students and scholars of politics, international relations and conflict studies.

Das Mädchen ohne Hände

Author: Mariatu Kamara

Publisher: Knaur eBook

ISBN: 3426402467

Category: Art

Page: 208

View: 5486

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Mariatu Kamara ist zwölf, als sie in die Wirren des Bürgerkriegs in Sierra Leone gerät: Rebellen hacken ihr beide Hände ab. Schwerverwundet nimmt sie den Kampf gegen ihr Schicksal auf und findet den Weg in eine lebenswerte Zukunft. Heute ist die 22-Jährige für das Kinderhilfswerk UNICEF als Sonderbotschafterin in den USA und Kanada unterwegs. Das Mädchen ohne Hände von Mariatu Kamara: als eBook erhältlich!

Kingdom, State and Civil Society in Africa: Conceptual and Political Collisions

Author: Nelson Kasfir

Publisher: BASLER AFRIKA BIBLIOGRAPHIEN

ISBN: 390575889X

Category:

Page: 58

View: 2574

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Civil society is one of several Western political and social concepts that have not traveled successfully to Africa. Revived in response to the search for democracy in Eastern Europe during the late Soviet era, Western donors promoted and funded new civil society organizations in sub-Saharan Africa, regarding them as an essential grounding for African democratization. Most of these new civil society organizations had little in common with African associational activity. Focusing on the characteristics and behavior of longstand-ing African organizations would appear a better starting point for developing a useful concept of an African civil society. One candidate worth serious investigation is the Buganda Kingdom Government. This organization violates most distinctions central to Western notions of civil society. Yet it continues to behave like a civil society organization. Its political and conceptual collisions offer guidance toward a useful notion of African civil society and understanding Ugandan politics.

Der lange Weg zum Wasser

Author: Linda Sue Park

Publisher: arsEdition

ISBN: 384581554X

Category: Juvenile Fiction

Page: 128

View: 5754

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Nyas Aufgabe ist es, für ihre Familie Wasser bei der Wasserstelle zu holen. Sie läuft dafür acht Stunden. Jeden Tag. Salva flieht aus seinem vom Krieg zerstörten Dorf. Er läuft quer durch Afrika, auf der Suche nach einem sicheren Ort, an dem er bleiben kann, und nach seiner verschollenen Familie. Zwei fesselnde Stimmen erzählen von Not und Vertreibung – aber auch von Hoffnung und Zukunft in einer Welt, in der sich unerwartete Chancen für die auftun, die nicht aufhören, an das Gute zu glauben. Der Roman basiert auf einer wahren Geschichte.

Über den Staat

Vorlesungen am Collège de France 1989–1992

Author: Pierre Bourdieu

Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag

ISBN: 3518737678

Category: Social Science

Page: 700

View: 4031

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Kaum ein Wissenschaftler war politisch so engagiert wie Pierre Bourdieu. Umso mehr überrascht es, dass er dem Staat keine eigene Monographie gewidmet hat. Dass er sich dennoch intensiv mit dem Thema beschäftigte, belegen seine Vorlesungen am Collège de France, deren fulminanter Auftakt Über den Staat bildet. Bourdieu geht es sowohl um Fragen der Methodologie und Theorie bei der Untersuchung des Staates als Forschungsobjekt als auch um die historische Genese dieser Institution. Er analysiert zentrale Unterscheidungen wie die zwischen öffentlich und privat sowie den Einfluss der Massenmedien. Über den Staat ist eine große Synthese – und das eigentliche Hauptwerk Bourdieus zur politischen Soziologie.

The Accountability of Armed Groups Under Human Rights Law

Author: Katharine Fortin

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198808380

Category: Law

Page: 448

View: 7451

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Today the majority of the armed conflicts around the world are fought between States and armed groups, rather than between States. This changed conflict landscape creates an imperative to clarify the obligations of armed groups under international law. While it is generally accepted that armed groups are bound by international humanitarian law, the question of whether they are also bound by human rights law is controversial. This book brings significant new understanding to the question of whether and when armed groups might be bound by human rights law. Its conclusions will benefit international law academics, legal practitioners and political scientists and anthropologists working on issues related to rebel governance and civil wars. This book addresses the debate on this topic by employing a theoretical, historical and comparative analysis that spans international humanitarian law, international criminal law and international human rights law. Embedding these different perspectives in public international law, this book brings several key issues of clarification to the legal framework. Firstly, the book draws upon social science literature on armed conflict to present a new viewpoint on the role that human rights law plays vis-a-vis international humanitarian law in non-international armed conflicts. Secondly, the book sheds light on the circumstances in which armed groups acquire obligations under human rights law. It brings illumination to these topics by combining historical and comparative research on belligerency, insurgency and international humanitarian law with a theoretical analysis of legal personality under international law. In the final part of the book, the author tests the four most utilised theories of how armed groups are bound by human rights law, examining whether armed groups can be bound by virtue of (i) treaty law (ii) control of territory (iii) international criminal law and (iv) customary international law. In the book's conclusions, the author presents final remarks that are designed to provide concrete guidance on how the issue of armed groups and human rights law can be dealt with more thoroughly in practice.

Politische Ökonomie der Gewalt

Staatszerfall und die Privatisierung von Gewalt und Krieg

Author: Werner Ruf

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3663110877

Category: Political Science

Page: 388

View: 5564

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Vor allem in Ländern der dritten Welt erscheint das Phänomen von Staatszerfall und Bürgerkriegen. In diesem Band werden die Ursachen des Schwindens staatlicher Funktionsfähigkeit ebenso untersucht wie Formen der Privatisierung hoheitlicher Gewalt. Diese Entwicklungen werden zum Siegeszug des Neoliberalismus in Beziehung gesetzt.