Regional Trade Agreements and the Multilateral Trading System

Author: Rohini Acharya

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316889416

Category: Law

Page: N.A

View: 6804

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This volume contains a collection of studies examining trade-related issues negotiated in regional trade agreements (RTAs) and how RTAs are related to the WTO's rules. While previous work has focused on subsets of RTAs, these studies are based on what is probably the largest dataset used to date, and highlight key issues that have been negotiated in all RTAs notified to the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) and the World Trade Organization (WTO). New rules within RTAs are compared to rules agreed upon by WTO members. The extent of their divergences and the potential implications for parties to RTAs, as well as for WTO members that are not parties to RTAs, are examined. This volume makes an important contribution to the current debate on the role of the WTO in regulating international trade and how WTO rules relate to new rules being developed by RTAs.

Regionalism and the Multilateral Trading System

Author: OECD

Publisher: OECD Publishing

ISBN: 9264101373

Category:

Page: 172

View: 6264

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Compares rule-making provisions in regional trade agreements with those of the WTO in ten specific areas: services, labour mobility, investment, competition policy, trade facilitation, government procurement, intellectual property rights, contingency protection, environment and rules of origin.

Multilateralizing Regionalism

Challenges for the Global Trading System

Author: Richard Baldwin,Patrick Low

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139475396

Category: Law

Page: N.A

View: 7822

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Regional trade agreements (RTAs) have proliferated around the world in the past two decades, and now nearly all members of the WTO are party to at least one. Besides tariffs and rules of origin regulating trade in goods, many RTAs now include provisions on services, investments, technical barriers to trade and competition rules, as well as a host of issues not directly related to trade. The geographic reach of RTAs is expanding, with transcontinental agreements spreading forcefully alongside intra-regional agreements. 'Multilateralizing Regionalism' was the title of a major conference held from 10–12 September 2007 at the WTO in Geneva. Brought together in this publication, the conference papers achieve two things. First, they marshall detailed, new empirical work on the nature of the 'Spaghetti Bowl' and the problems it poses for the multilateral trade system. Second, they contribute fresh and creative thinking on how to 'tame the tangle' of regional trade agreements.

Fair Trade

Agenda für einen gerechten Welthandel

Author: Joseph E. Stiglitz,Andrew Charlton

Publisher: Murmann Verlag DE

ISBN: 9783938017630

Category:

Page: 374

View: 6805

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Trade and Globalization

An Introduction to Regional Trade Agreements

Author: David A. Lynch

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers

ISBN: 0742566900

Category: Political Science

Page: 346

View: 2004

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Regional trade agreements (RTAs) are not new, but their complexity and importance in global economics and politics has grown exponentially in the past two decades. Tackling this daunting proliferation head on, this book provides a much-needed guide to RTAs. Setting current regional agreements in their economic, political, and historical context, David A. Lynch describes and compares every significant RTA, region by region. He clearly explains their intricate inner workings, their webs of collaboration and conflict, and their primary goals and effectiveness. Lynch's deeply knowledgeable study bridges the ideological divides in scholarly and public debate, including economists' emphases on markets and efficiency versus antiglobalization activists' concerns over inequality and social ills. By building a middle ground between micro and macro analysis and clarifying technical terminology, this concise and accessible book will be an invaluable reference for all readers.

Regional integration and the Asia-Pacific

Author: Bijit Bora

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: N.A

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 260

View: 6048

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Regional Integration and the Asia Pacific distinguishes between two processes of economic integration, with particular focus on co-ordinated policy initiatives to promote integration. It also examines naturally linked economies.

United States Bilateral Free Trade Agreements

Consistencies Or Conflicts with Norms in the Middle East?

Author: Mohamed Ramadan Hassanien

Publisher: Kluwer Law International B.V.

ISBN: 9041132813

Category: Law

Page: 289

View: 4173

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Summary: Trade between the United States and the eighteen countries of the Middle East and North Africa continues to grow at a steady pace, especially with countries which have signed trade agreements with the United States.

The World Trade Organization

Legal, Economic and Political Analysis

Author: International Trade Law Center,Arthur E. Appleton,Michael G. Plummer

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780387226880

Category: Law

Page: 3117

View: 4422

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The editors have succeeded in bringing together an excellent mix of leading scholars and practitioners. No book on the WTO has had this wide a scope before or covered the legal framework, economic and political issues, current and would-be countries and a outlook to the future like these three volumes do. 3000 pages, 80 chapters in 3 volumes cover a very interdiscplinary field that touches upon law, economics and politics.

Rethinking the World Trade Order

Towards a Better Legal Understanding of the Role of Regionalism in the Multilateral Trade Regime

Author: Mohammad F. A. Nsour

Publisher: Sidestone Press

ISBN: 9088900361

Category: Political Science

Page: 355

View: 2955

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Regional Trade Agreements (RTAs) have proliferated at an unprecedented pace since the creation of the World Trade Organization (WTO). Although the WTO legally recognizes countries' entitlement to form RTAs, neither the WTO nor parties to RTAs have an unequivocal understanding of the relationship between the WTO and RTAs. In other words, the legal controversies, the result of uncertainty regarding the application of the WTO/GATT laws, risk undermining the objectives of the multilateral trade system. This research tackles a phenomenon that is widely believed to be heavily economic and political. It highlights the economic and political aspects of regionalism, but largely concentrates on the legal dimension of regionalism. The main argument of the book is that the first step to achieving harmony between multilateralism and regionalism is the identification of the legal uncertainties that regionalism produces when countries form RTAs without taking into account the substantive and procedural aspect of the applicable WTO/ GATT laws. The book calls for the creation of a legal instrument (i.e. agreement on RTAs) that combines all of the applicable law on RTAs, and simultaneously clarifies the legal language used therein. Likewise, the WTO should have a proactive role, not merely as a coordinator of RTAs, but as a watchdog for the multilateral system that has the power to prosecute violating RTAs. The author is aware that political concerns are top priorities for governments and policy makers when dealing with the regionalism problematic. Hence, legal solutions or proposals are not sufficient to create a better international trade system without the good will of the WTO Members who are, in fact, the players who are striving to craft more regional trade arrangements.

Agriculture and the WTO

Creating a Trading System for Development

Author: Merlinda Ingco,John D. Nash

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 082138368X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 406

View: 8801

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Developing countries have a major stake in the outcome of trade negotiations conducted under the auspices of the World Trade Organization (WTO). 'Agriculture and the WTO: Creating a Trading System for Development' explores the key issues and options in agricultural trade liberalization from the perspective of these developing countries. Leading experts in trade and agriculture from both developed and developing countries provide key research findings and policy analyses on a range of issues that includes market access, domestic support, export competition, quota administration methods, food security, biotechnology, intellectual property rights, and agricultural trade under the Uruguay Round Agreement on Agriculture. Material is covered in summary and in comprehensive detail with supporting data, a substantial bibliography, and listings of online resources. This book will be of interest to policymakers and analysts in the fields of development economics and commodities pricing and trade.

Regional Rules in the Global Trading System

Author: Antoni Estevadeordal,Kati Suominen,Robert Teh

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521760844

Category: Law

Page: 519

View: 3138

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Describes the rules governing regional trade agreements, providing new insights into the interplay between regional and multilateral trade rules.

The World Trading System

Challenges Ahead

Author: Jeffrey J. Schott,Institute for International Economics (U.S.)

Publisher: Peterson Institute

ISBN: 9780881322354

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 329

View: 5839

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This text offers recommendations to deal with issues such as investment, environment, trade, labour standards, and accession to the WTO. It discusses: the Uruguay Round accords; the remaining barriers to trade; regional and multilateral initiatives; and the political support for negotiations.

Regional Integration, Economic Development and Global Governance

Author: Ulrich Volz

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 1849809151

Category: Political Science

Page: 392

View: 5718

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This book explores a central issue of the world economy today: the role of regional integration for economic development and global governance. The importance of this issue comes from the fact that the globalisation process that we have been experiencing in recent decades is also a process of open regionalism. [¿] To what extent does this process contribute to development? The reader will find many interesting answers to this question in the book, [which] is an outstanding contribution to this debate. I welcome its publication and look forward to its influence on global debates on the relations between regional integration, development and global governance.' - From the foreword by José Antonio Ocampo, Columbia University, US The contributors expertly provide a comparative perspective on regional integration in different regions of the world while at the same time analysing the various facets of integration, relating to trade, FDI, finance and monetary policies. They provide a comprehensive treatment of the subject and offer new perspectives on the potential developmental effects of regional integration and the implications of regional integration for global economic governance. Whilst highlighting and illustrating the potential benefits deriving from regional economic integration, the book also stresses the problems and challenges regional integration processes are usually confronted with.

Bilateral and Regional Trade Agreements

Case Studies

Author: Simon Lester,Bryan Mercurio

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107377412

Category: Law

Page: N.A

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The history of the world trading system and international trade agreements is characterised by shifts between bilateralism, regionalism and multilateralism. Bilateralism has recently returned, having gained momentum following the failed WTO negotiations at the 1999 Seattle Ministerial Conference. The result is that today's international trade rules are now a complex web of instruments and agreements. This volume contains case studies of selected bilateral and regional free trade agreements (FTAs), covering a wide range of countries, regions and key issues such as intellectual property and agriculture. Authored by leading scholars, practitioners and governmental officials, each case study provides a comprehensive review of the negotiating history and result of the selected agreement. Each study can serve as an in-depth examination of a particular FTA, and the group of case studies can be used to compare and contrast the coverage of different FTAs or to examine the FTAs signed by a particular country.

Is the World Trade Organization Attractive Enough for Emerging Economies?

Critical Essays on the Multilateral Trading System

Author: Z. Drabek

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230250823

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 359

View: 9435

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Do countries benefit from their Membership in the WTO. This book addresses this question and examines the role of the WTO in the process of economic development of emerging markets and other developing countries.

Regional trade agreements and the WTO legal system

Author: Lorand Bartels,Federico Ortino

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780199207008

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 604

View: 3727

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The proliferation of regional trade agreements, including both free trade agreements and customs unions, over the past decade has provoked many new legal issues in WTO law, public international law, and an emerging law of regional trade agreements. The various Parts of this book chart this development from a number of perspectives. Part 1 introduces the economic and political underpinnings of regional trade agreements, their constitutional functions, and their role as a locus for integrating trade and human rights. Part 2 examines the WTO rules governing regional trade agreements, focusing on a number of areas in which regional trade agreements prove problematic, such as trade remedies, regulatory standards and rules of origin. Part 3 investigates areas in which regional trade agreements go beyond WTO rules, in areas such as intellectual property, investment, competition, services, sustainable development and mutual recognition, while Part 4 is devoted to the dispute settlement mechanisms of regional trade agreements, and includes illuminating case studies. Part 5 explores the interrelationship between regional trade agreements and the WTO system from the perspective of public international law, involving questions with significance beyond the trade community.