Regional Trade Agreements and the Multilateral Trading System

Author: Rohini Acharya

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316889416

Category: Law

Page: N.A

View: 2393

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This volume contains a collection of studies examining trade-related issues negotiated in regional trade agreements (RTAs) and how RTAs are related to the WTO's rules. While previous work has focused on subsets of RTAs, these studies are based on what is probably the largest dataset used to date, and highlight key issues that have been negotiated in all RTAs notified to the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) and the World Trade Organization (WTO). New rules within RTAs are compared to rules agreed upon by WTO members. The extent of their divergences and the potential implications for parties to RTAs, as well as for WTO members that are not parties to RTAs, are examined. This volume makes an important contribution to the current debate on the role of the WTO in regulating international trade and how WTO rules relate to new rules being developed by RTAs.

Regional Trade Agreements and the Multilateral Trading System

Author: Rohini Acharya

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107161649

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 906

View: 8507

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This volume contains a collection of studies examining trade-related issues negotiated in regional trade agreements (RTAs) and how RTAs are related to the WTO's rules. While previous work has focused on subsets of RTAs, these studies are based on what is probably the largest dataset used to date, and highlight key issues that have been negotiated in all RTAs notified to the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) and the World Trade Organization (WTO). New rules within RTAs are compared to rules agreed upon by WTO members. The extent of their divergences and the potential implications for parties to RTAs, as well as for WTO members that are not parties to RTAs, are examined. This volume makes an important contribution to the current debate on the role of the WTO in regulating international trade and how WTO rules relate to new rules being developed by RTAs.

Regional Trade Agreements and the Multilateral Trading System

Author: Rohini Acharya

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781316614013

Category: Law

Page: 906

View: 5230

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This volume contains a collection of studies examining trade-related issues negotiated in regional trade agreements (RTAs) and how RTAs are related to the WTO's rules. While previous work has focused on subsets of RTAs, these studies are based on what is probably the largest dataset used to date, and highlight key issues that have been negotiated in all RTAs notified to the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) and the World Trade Organization (WTO). New rules within RTAs are compared to rules agreed upon by WTO members. The extent of their divergences and the potential implications for parties to RTAs, as well as for WTO members that are not parties to RTAs, are examined. This volume makes an important contribution to the current debate on the role of the WTO in regulating international trade and how WTO rules relate to new rules being developed by RTAs.

Regionalism and the Multilateral Trading System

Author: OECD

Publisher: OECD Publishing

ISBN: 9264101373

Category:

Page: 172

View: 1712

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Compares rule-making provisions in regional trade agreements with those of the WTO in ten specific areas: services, labour mobility, investment, competition policy, trade facilitation, government procurement, intellectual property rights, contingency protection, environment and rules of origin.

Termites in the Trading System

How Preferential Agreements Undermine Free Trade

Author: Jagdish Bhagwati

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199715904

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 160

View: 1798

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Jagdish Bhagwati, the internationally renowned economist who uniquely combines a reputation as the leading scholar of international trade with a substantial presence in public policy on the important issues of the day, shines here a critical light on Preferential Trade Agreements, revealing how the rapid spread of PTAs endangers the world trading system. Numbering by now well over 300, and rapidly increasing, these preferential trade agreements, many taking the form of Free Trade Agreements, have re-created the unhappy situation of the 1930s, when world trade was undermined by discriminatory practices. Whereas this was the result of protectionism in those days, ironically it is a result of misdirected pursuit of free trade via PTAs today. The world trading system is at risk again, the author argues, and the danger is palpable. Writing with his customary wit, panache and elegance, Bhagwati documents the growth of these PTAs, the reasons for their proliferation, and their deplorable consequences which include the near-destruction of the non-discrimination which was at the heart of the postwar trade architecture and its replacement by what he has called the spaghetti bowl of a maze of preferences. Bhagwati also documents how PTAs have undermined the prospects for multilateral freeing of trade, serving as stumbling blocks, instead of building blocks, for the objective of reaching multilateral free trade. In short, Bhagwati cogently demonstrates why PTAs are Termites in the Trading System.

Trade and Globalization

An Introduction to Regional Trade Agreements

Author: David A. Lynch

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers

ISBN: 0742566900

Category: Political Science

Page: 346

View: 3771

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To access the additional resources mentioned in this book, Click Here. Regional trade agreements (RTAs) are not new, but their importance in global economics and politics has grown exponentially in the past two decades. At the same time, RTAs have become increasingly controversial as their number, scope, and cross-cutting memberships become so complex that many fear they will undermine the World Trade Organization's multilateral trading system. Ranging from the Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation forum to the European Union to the North American Free Trade Agreement, RTAs have equally wide-ranging purposes, from improving market access to increasing clout in international negotiations. Tackling this complexity and confusion head on, this book provides a much-needed guide to RTAs. Setting current regional agreements in their economic, political, and historical context, David A. Lynch describes and compares virtually every significant RTA, region by region. He clearly explains their intricate inner workings, their webs of collaboration and conflict, and their primary goals and effectiveness. Lynch's deeply knowledgeable study bridges the ideological divides in scholarly and public debate, including economists' emphases on markets and efficiency versus antiglobalization activists' concerns over inequality and social ills. By building a middle ground between micro and macro analysis and clarifying technical terminology, this concise and accessible book will be an invaluable reference for all nonspecialists.

Regional trade agreements and the WTO legal system

Author: Lorand Bartels,Federico Ortino

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780199207008

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 604

View: 4987

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The proliferation of regional trade agreements, including both free trade agreements and customs unions, over the past decade has provoked many new legal issues in WTO law, public international law, and an emerging law of regional trade agreements. The various Parts of this book chart this development from a number of perspectives. Part 1 introduces the economic and political underpinnings of regional trade agreements, their constitutional functions, and their role as a locus for integrating trade and human rights. Part 2 examines the WTO rules governing regional trade agreements, focusing on a number of areas in which regional trade agreements prove problematic, such as trade remedies, regulatory standards and rules of origin. Part 3 investigates areas in which regional trade agreements go beyond WTO rules, in areas such as intellectual property, investment, competition, services, sustainable development and mutual recognition, while Part 4 is devoted to the dispute settlement mechanisms of regional trade agreements, and includes illuminating case studies. Part 5 explores the interrelationship between regional trade agreements and the WTO system from the perspective of public international law, involving questions with significance beyond the trade community.

Bilateral and Regional Trade Agreements

Author: Simon Lester,Bryan Mercurio,Lorand Bartels

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107063760

Category: Law

Page: 300

View: 4743

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This collection provides case studies which illustrate the latest trends and innovations in bilateral and regional trade agreements.

Geopolitics and Strategic Management in the Global Economy

Author: Presenza, Angelo,Sheehan, Lorn R.

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 1522526749

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 401

View: 2062

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As the world continues to evolve, globalization remains a key topic area among scholars and practitioners across disciplines and industries. It is essential for managers to stay informed and look out for potential threats that can negatively affect global operations. Geopolitics and Strategic Management in the Global Economy is a pivotal reference publication featuring the latest scholarly research on an international view of the challenges and opportunities organizations face in the global marketplace. Including coverage on a broad range of topics such as firm competitiveness, project management, and social capital, this book is ideally designed for academicians, researchers, students, and managers seeking current research on best ways to handle international management issues.

Multilateralizing Regionalism

Challenges for the Global Trading System

Author: Richard Baldwin,Patrick Low

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139475396

Category: Law

Page: N.A

View: 1663

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Regional trade agreements (RTAs) have proliferated around the world in the past two decades, and now nearly all members of the WTO are party to at least one. Besides tariffs and rules of origin regulating trade in goods, many RTAs now include provisions on services, investments, technical barriers to trade and competition rules, as well as a host of issues not directly related to trade. The geographic reach of RTAs is expanding, with transcontinental agreements spreading forcefully alongside intra-regional agreements. 'Multilateralizing Regionalism' was the title of a major conference held from 10–12 September 2007 at the WTO in Geneva. Brought together in this publication, the conference papers achieve two things. First, they marshall detailed, new empirical work on the nature of the 'Spaghetti Bowl' and the problems it poses for the multilateral trade system. Second, they contribute fresh and creative thinking on how to 'tame the tangle' of regional trade agreements.

African Perspectives on Trade and the WTO

Domestic Reforms, Structural Transformation and Global Economic Integration

Author: Patrick Low,Chiedu Osakwe,Maika Oshikawa

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107174473

Category: Law

Page: 432

View: 7575

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Twenty-first century Africa is in a process of economic transformation, but challenges remain in areas such as structural reform, governance, commodity pricing and geopolitics. This book looks into key questions facing the continent, such as how Africa can achieve deeper integration into the rules-based multilateral trading system and the global economy. It provides a range of perspectives on the future of the multilateral trading system and Africa's participation in global trade and underlines the supportive roles that can be played by multilateral and regional institutions during such a rapid and uncertain transition. This volume is based on contributions to the Fourth China Round Table on WTO Accessions and the Multilateral Trading System, which took place just before the World Trade Organization's Tenth Ministerial Conference in Nairobi in December 2015.

The World Trade System

Trends and Challenges

Author: Jagdish N. Bhagwati,Pravin Krishna,Arvind Panagariya

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 026233769X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 416

View: 3268

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When the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) metamorphosed into the World Trade Organization (WTO) in 1994, it seemed that the third pillar of the international economic superstructure was finally in place. And yet with the failure of member countries to close the Doha Round of trade negotiations and the emergence of bilateral and plurilateral preferential trade arrangements (PTAs) such as the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP), the future of the multilateral WTO seems uncertain. In this volume, leading economists examine issues in trade policy that have arisen during this shift. The contributors discuss such topics as the effect of trade on poverty and inequality, PTAs and litigation between trading partners, the WTO Trade Facilitation Agreement, and the relationship of food security and trade liberalization. They also offer regional perspectives on the TPP and trans-Atlantic free trade. ContributorsRahel Aichele, Jagdish Bhagwati, Steve Charnovitz, Gabriel Felbermayr Dimitar Gueorguiev, Bernard Hoekman, Jonas Kasteng, Pravin Krishna, Mary Lovely, Petros Mavroidis, Devashish Mitra, Arvind Panagariya, Tom Prusa, Andre Sapir, Stefan Tangermann

Trade Cooperation

Author: Andreas Dür,Manfred Elsig

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107083877

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 526

View: 7236

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This unique collection of original essays describes preferential trade agreements, explains why they have spread and explores their effects.

Regional Rules in the Global Trading System

Author: Antoni Estevadeordal,Kati Suominen,Robert Teh

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521760844

Category: Law

Page: 519

View: 1088

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Describes the rules governing regional trade agreements, providing new insights into the interplay between regional and multilateral trade rules.

A History of Law and Lawyers in the GATT/WTO

The Development of the Rule of Law in the Multilateral Trading System

Author: Gabrielle Marceau

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107085233

Category: Law

Page: 684

View: 2468

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How have GATT/WTO staff and Appellate Body members contributed to the evolution of the rule-of-law in the multilateral trading system?

Is the World Trade Organization Attractive Enough for Emerging Economies?

Critical Essays on the Multilateral Trading System

Author: Z. Drabek

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230250823

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 359

View: 6761

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Do countries benefit from their Membership in the WTO. This book addresses this question and examines the role of the WTO in the process of economic development of emerging markets and other developing countries.

The History and Future of the World Trade Organization

Author: Craig VanGrasstek

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 646

View: 8766

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This comprehensive account of the establishment of the WTO focuses on those who shaped its creation as well as those who have influenced its evolution. It also examines trade negotiations, the WTO's dispute settlement role, the process of joining, and what lies ahead for the organization.

Trade Multilateralism in the Twenty-First Century

Building the Upper Floors of the Trading System Through WTO Accessions

Author: Alexei Kireyev,Chiedu Osakwe

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1108421288

Category: Law

Page: N.A

View: 4869

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The book explores the impact of recent WTO accession experiences on the development of the multilateral trading system.

Regional Trade and Economic Integration

Analytical Insights and Policy Options

Author: Ram Upendra Das,Piyadasa Edirisuriya,Anoop Swarup

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9814374601

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 231

View: 2160

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The Asia-Pacific region has emerged as a dominant player in trade and will continue to be an influential component of world trade and economics. This book presents an informative outlook on the various regional and trade agreements (RTAs) and their beneficial effects on bilateral trade. In particular, the authors concentrate on India and China, the two major rising powers, and the impact of exchange of information and sharing of resources between these two countries in wide-ranging areas. It provides an incisive analysis and a roundup of all major RTAs and also presents an overview of all major agreements between the countries involved, which might propel their trade numbers and influence future economic engagements. The book also discusses possible obstacles that are encountered during the implementation of RTAs and circumvention routes that can be taken to ensure the successful execution of the agreements. International trade agreements, such as General Agreements on Trade and Tariffs, which have revolutionized the trade dynamics by opening up new areas of trade and formulating specific guidelines for the member countries to adhere to during trade negotiations, are discussed. The book also provides new insights into some of the issues under negotiation, such as sensitive lists, trade, investment cooperation, and trade in services. The existing economic cooperation arrangements in the region as well as those that are at various stages of study and negotiations, empirical insights and policy suggestions are elucidated in detail.

The Oxford Handbook of Comparative Regionalism

Author: Thomas Risse

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199682305

Category:

Page: 560

View: 4036

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The Oxford Handbook of Comparative Regionalism is an innovative volume that presents an authoritative examination of comparative regionalism. The post-cold-war resurgence of regionalism has triggered a proliferation of approaches to its study. Broadly speaking, the term refers to the processes and structures of region-building through closer economic, political, security, and socio-cultural linkages between states and societies that are geographicallyproximate. The Oxford Handbook of Comparative Regionalism reviews conceptual and theoretical approaches to regionalism in political science and the social sciences more broadly. Secondly, it provides an overviewof region-building processes in the different parts of the world, and surveys the relevant organizations and actors at the regional level. The volume also provides systematic comparison of regions with regard to central themes, including security cooperation, trade liberalization, integration, investment, and migration. The volume concludes with chapters on the future of regionalism and on the research agenda for the future.