Religion

The Modern Theories

Author: Seth Daniel Kunin

Publisher: Edinburgh University Press

ISBN: 9780748615223

Category: Godsdienst

Page: 232

View: 2107

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A comprehensive and approachable introduction to social scientific theories of religion as they have developed in the twentieth century.In the first section the groundwork is laid for the theories developed in the twentieth century, introducing the significant thinkers who have established some of the main avenues of discussion including Marx, Durkheim, Weber, Freud, Jung, and Otto.The second section introduces the main approaches of the social scientific disciplines that study religion: sociological, psychological, phenomenological, feminist and anthropological.The third section puts religion under the microscope, examining constituent elements such as ritual, symbolism and myth.Throughout the author shows that theories and definitions need to be questioned and problematised, and concludes with suggestions for how new definitions of religion might be framed to provide more culturally sensitive and open-ended ways of understanding.The introduction of key issues and thinkers in modern theories of religion make this an ideal text for all Religious Studies students.Selling Points: * includes the four main modern approaches to religion - anthropological, sociological, psychological and feminist* each chapter includes an ethnographic case study to exemplify the issues raised* covers key themes such as symbolism, myth, ritual, theories of embodiment, identity, boundaries, Marxism, Feminism, ethnicity, science, and New Religious Movements

Religions in the Modern World

Traditions and Transformations

Author: Linda Woodhead,Christopher Partridge,Hiroko Kawanami

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317439600

Category: Religion

Page: 598

View: 3946

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Religions in the Modern World: Traditions and Transformations, Third Edition is the ideal textbook for those coming to the study of religion for the first time, as well as for those who wish to keep up-to-date with the latest perspectives in the field. This third edition contains new and upgraded pedagogic features, including chapter summaries, key terms and definitions, and questions for reflection and discussion. The first part of the book considers the history and modern practices of the main religious traditions of the world, while the second analyzes trends from secularization to the rise of new spiritualities. Comprehensive and fully international in coverage, it is accessibly written by practicing and specialist teachers.

Theories of Religion

A Reader

Author: Seth Daniel Kunin,Jonathan Miles-Watson

Publisher: Rutgers University Press

ISBN: 9780813539652

Category: Religion

Page: 524

View: 1934

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This book provides a comprehensive selection of readings that relate to and explore the definition of religion. The texts come from a wide range of approaches, unified both by the questions they address and their broadly social scientific perspective. The disciplines covered include anthropology, phenomenology, psychology and sociology. The editors have also included some key texts relating to the feminist approach to and critique of religion. The initial section of the book includes some of the foundational texts, such as materials by Marx, Freud, and Durkheim. The remaining sections look at more recent discussions of the issues from the different disciplinary perspectives. Each reading is introduced by a biographical sketch of the author. The book also includes introductory discussions to each section that both raise the key issues developed in a particular discipline and address the disciplinary approaches from a more critical stance. Theories of Religion: A Reader is an invaluable critical resource, accessible to a broad audience as well as students of theology and religious studies.Seth D. Kunin, dean of Faculty of Arts and Humanities, University of Durham, is author of Religion: the Modern Theories, coeditor of A Companion to Religious Studies and Theology, and editor of Themes and Issues in Judaism. Jonathan Miles-Watson is lecturer in anthropology at the University of Wales Swansea.

Understanding Theories of Religion

An Introduction

Author: Ivan Strenski

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118457706

Category: Religion

Page: 280

View: 7758

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Featuring comprehensive updates and additions, the secondedition of Understanding Theories of Religion explores thedevelopment of major theories of religion through the works ofclassic and contemporary figures. • A new edition of this introductory text exploringthe core methods and theorists in religion, spanning thesixteenth-century through to the latest theoretical trends • Features an entirely new section covering religion andpostmodernism; race, sex, and gender; and religion andpostcolonialism • Examines the development of religious theories throughthe work of classic and contemporary figures from the history ofanthropology, sociology, psychology, philosophy, and theology • Reveals how the study of religion evolved in responseto great cultural conflicts and major historical events • Student-friendly features include chapterintroductions and summaries, biographical vignettes, a timeline, aglossary, and many other learning aids

The Routledge Companion to the Study of Religion

Author: John R. Hinnells

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 0415333113

Category: Religion

Page: 556

View: 1594

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The Routledge Companion to the Study of Religioncontains everything a student needs for a full understanding of theory and methods in religious studies. It begins by explaining the most important methodological approaches to religion, including psychology, philosophy, anthropology, and comparative study, before moving on to explore a wide variety of critical issues. Written entirely by renowned international specialists and using clear and accessible language throughout, it is the perfect guide to the problems and questions found in courses and exams.

The Routledge Companion to the Study of Religion

Author: John Hinnells

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134318464

Category: Religion

Page: 560

View: 8368

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Providing a genuinely full guide to the theory and methods related to religious studies, this text - written entirely by world-renowned specialists - is the ideal resource for those studying the discipline.

Public Religions in the Modern World

Author: José Casanova

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226095356

Category: Political Science

Page: 320

View: 2134

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In a sweeping reconsideration of the relation between religion and modernity, Jose Casanova surveys the roles that religions may play in the public sphere of modern societies. During the 1980s, religious traditions around the world, from Islamic fundamentalism to Catholic liberation theology, began making their way, often forcefully, out of the private sphere and into public life, causing the "deprivatization" of religion in contemporary life. No longer content merely to administer pastoral care to individual souls, religious institutions are challenging dominant political and social forces, raising questions about the claims of entities such as nations and markets to be "value neutral", and straining the traditional connections of private and public morality. Casanova looks at five cases from two religious traditions (Catholicism and Protestantism) in four countries (Spain, Poland, Brazil, and the United States). These cases challenge postwar—and indeed post-Enlightenment—assumptions about the role of modernity and secularization in religious movements throughout the world. This book expands our understanding of the increasingly significant role religion plays in the ongoing construction of the modern world.

Beauty and Holiness

The Dialogue Between Aesthetics and Religion

Author: James Alfred Martin

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400860598

Category: Philosophy

Page: 234

View: 2638

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In this broad historical and critical overview based on a lifetime of scholarship, James Alfred Martin, Jr., examines the development of the concepts of beauty and holiness as employed in theories of aesthetics and of religion. The injunction in the Book of Psalms to "worship the Lord in the beauty of holiness" addressed a tradition that has comprehended holiness primarily in terms of ethical righteousness--a conception that has strongly influenced Western understandings of religion. As the author points out, however, the Greek forbears of Western thought, as well as many Eastern traditions, were and are more broadly concerned with the pursuit of beauty, truth, and goodness as ideals of human excellence, that is, with the "holiness of beauty." In this work Martin describes a philosophical stance that should prove to be most productive for the dialogue between aesthetics and religion. Beginning with the treatment of beauty and holiness in Hebrew, Greek, and classical Christian thought, the author traces the emergence of modern theories of aesthetics and religion in the Enlightenment. He then outlines the role of aesthetics in the theories of religion proposed by Otto, Eliade, van der Leeuw, and Tillich, in the cultural anthropology of Geertz, and in the thought of Santayana, Dewey, Whitehead, Heidegger, and Wittgenstein. In a global context Martin explores the relation of aesthetic theory to religious thought in the traditions of India, China, and Japan and concludes with reflections on the viability of modern aesthetic and religious theory in the light of contemporary cultural and methodological pluralism. Originally published in 1990. The Princeton Legacy Library uses the latest print-on-demand technology to again make available previously out-of-print books from the distinguished backlist of Princeton University Press. These editions preserve the original texts of these important books while presenting them in durable paperback and hardcover editions. The goal of the Princeton Legacy Library is to vastly increase access to the rich scholarly heritage found in the thousands of books published by Princeton University Press since its founding in 1905.

'Religion' and the Religions in the English Enlightenment

Author: Peter Harrison

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521892933

Category: History

Page: 288

View: 1800

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This book shows how the concept of 'religion' and 'the religions' arose out of controversies in seventeenth- and eighteenth-century England. The birth of 'the religions', conceived to be sets of beliefs and practices, enabled the establishment of a new science of religion in which the various 'religions' were studied and impartially compared.

Envisioning Magic

Author: Peter Schäfer,Hans Hans Gerhard Kippenberg

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789004107779

Category: Religion

Page: 281

View: 5055

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This collection of twelve articles presents a selection of papers delivered in the course of a seminar 1994-95 and its concluding international symposium at the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton. The common theme is the interrelation between magic and religion, focussing particularly on the Mediterranean world in Antiquity - Egyptian, Graeco-Roman and Jewish beliefs and customs - but also treating the early modern period in Northern Europe (the Netherlands and Germany) as well as offering more general reflections on elements of magic in language and Jewish mysticism. The volume is characterized by an interdisciplinary approach and the use of varied methodologies, emphasizing the dynamic nature of the often contradictory forces shaping religious beliefs and practices, while dismissing the idea of a linear development from magic to religion or vice versa. The contributors are outstanding scholars in their fields: Ancient, Medieval and Modern History, Religious Studies, Jewish Studies, Classical Studies, Early Christianity, Islamic Studies, Anthropology, Egyptology and Comparative Literature. Without a doubt this re-evaluation of a fascinating age-old subject will stimulate scholarly discussion and appeal to educated non-specialist readers as well.

Modern Theories of Art: From impressionism to Kandinsky

Author: Moshe Barasch

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 081471272X

Category: Art

Page: 390

View: 3951

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"Bill Orr has produced a handy compendium of statistics, with cogent explanations, on the world economy in the 1990s. National incomes, output, trade, asset markets, debt, foreign aid and population are presented by nation, region and level of development. As a tool, it belongs in the office, study, or newsroom next to the dictionary, and the atlas." --Charles P. Kindleberger, Professor of Economics, Emeritus Massachusetts Institute of Technology The Global Economy in the 90s provides a broad statistical guide for all of us in an era of increasing international interdependence: a much-needed contribution. --Alfred J. Malabre, Jr., author of Within Our Means "Talk about timely! Like a light in the dark swamp of geo- political-governmental charts, graphs, and tables. [Orr] is there standing over your shoulder, showing you how he interprets each and every graph, and before you know it, you've got your calculator out, and you start to see things that you never saw before. It's addictive. No boring textbook, this book is a masterfully navigated experience through a very confusing jungle. Orr has taken the statistics from dozens of sources and recast them into graphs that are so easy to read. Try it yourself, open the book anywhere. This is a real gem." &#;Richard Barnaby, C.P.A., C.D.P.President, Business Support Services, Inc.Software for the Petroleum Trading Industry The Global Economy in the 1990s presents, in one comprehensive volume, essential facts and analyses of all aspects of an increasingly integrated global economy. Filled with hundreds of lively graphs that reveal trends and relationships, hundreds of tables that provide concrete numbers for individual research, and succinct short essays that put each facet of economic activity in its global context, this invaluable reference is derived and enhanced from over 20 official sources--including the World Bank, International Monetary Fund, GATT, United Nations, the U.S. Federal Reserve System, the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency, and the European Community.

Eight theories of religion

Author: Daniel L. Pals

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780195304589

Category: Religion

Page: 340

View: 6641

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Why do human beings believe in divinities? Why do some seek eternal life, while others seek escape from recurring lives? Why do the beliefs and behaviors we typically call "religious" so deeply affect the human personality and so subtly weave their way through human society? Revised andupdated in this second edition, Eight Theories of Religion considers how these fundamental questions have engaged the most important thinkers of the modern era. Accessible, systematic, and succinct, the text examines the classic interpretations of religion advanced by theorists who have left a majorimprint on the intellectual culture of the twentieth century. The second edition features a new chapter on Max Weber, a revised introduction, and a revised, expanded conclusion that traces the paths of further inquiry and interpretation traveled by theorists in the most recent decades. Eight Theories of Religion, Second Edition, begins with Edward Burnett Tylor and James Frazer--two Victorian pioneers in anthropology and the comparative study of religion. It then considers the great "reductionist" approaches of Sigmund Freud, Emile Durkheim, and Karl Marx, all of whom haveexercised wide influence up to the present day. The discussion goes on to examine the leading challenges to reductionism as articulated by sociologist Max Weber (new to this edition) and Romanian-American comparativist Mircea Eliade. Finally, it explores the newer methods and ideas arising from theAfrican field studies of ethnographer E. E. Evans-Pritchard and the interpretive anthropology of Clifford Geertz. Each chapter offers biographical background, theoretical exposition, conceptual analysis, and critical assessment. This common format allows for close comparison and careful evaluationthroughout. Ideal for use as a supplementary text in introductory religion courses or as the central text in sociology of religion and courses centered on the explanation and interpretation of religion, Eight Theories of Religion, Second Edition, offers an illuminating treatment of thiscontroversial and fascinating subject.

The Strangest Way

Walking the Christian Path

Author: Robert E. Barron

Publisher: Orbis Books

ISBN: 157075408X

Category: Religion

Page: 175

View: 2692

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Is Christianity a bland, domesticated religion, unthreatening and easy to grasp? Or is it the most exotic, unexpected, and uncanny of religious paths? For the mystics and saints -- and for Robert Barron who discovered Christianity through them -- it is surely the strangest way. "At its very center, " writes Barron, "is a God who comes after us with a reckless abandon, breaking open his own heart in love in order to include us in the rhythm of his own life." What could be more compelling?

Modern Theories of Art 2

From Impressionism to Kandinsky

Author: Moshe Barasch

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 0814739482

Category: Art

Page: 401

View: 7241

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In this volume, the third in his classic series of texts surveying the history of art theory, Moshe Barasch traces the hidden patterns and interlocking themes in the study of art, from Impressionism to Abstract Art. Barasch details the immense social changes in the creation, presentation, and reception of art which have set the history of art theory on a vertiginous new course: the decreased relevance of workshops and art schools; the replacement of the treatise by the critical review; and the interrelation of new modes of scientific inquiry with artistic theory and praxis. The consequent changes in the ways in which critics as well as artists conceptualized paintings and sculptures were radical, marked by an obsession with intense, immediate sensory experiences, psychological reflection on the effects of art, and a magnetic pull to the exotic and alien, making for the most exciting and fertile period in the history of art criticism.

Classical Approaches to the Study of Religion

Aims, Methods, and Theories of Research

Author: Jacques Waardenburg

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 9783110163285

Category: Religion

Page: 742

View: 5319

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Originally published in 1973 (The Hague: Mouton) at a time when the field was blossoming; this edition includes a new preface. The book consists of two major parts. The first is an essay by Waardenburg, who was affiliated with the U. of Lausanne, Switzerland, following the rise and development of the academic study of religion in the 19th and early 20th centuries. The second is an anthology of articles about religion written by over 40 scholars in fields including psychology, sociology, philosophy, and anthropology. Waardenburg intended this book to be an examination of classical texts, and thus acknowledges that these authors often had a narrow approach to religion, ignoring anything not of European origin. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR

Ein säkulares Zeitalter

Author: Charles Taylor

Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag

ISBN: 3518740407

Category: Philosophy

Page: 1299

View: 7306

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Was heißt es, daß wir heute in einem säkularen Zeitalter leben? Was ist geschehen zwischen 1500 – als Gott noch seinen festen Platz im naturwissenschaftlichen Kosmos, im gesellschaftlichen Gefüge und im Alltag der Menschen hatte – und heute, da der Glaube an Gott, jedenfalls in der westlichen Welt, nur noch eine Option unter vielen ist? Um diesen Wandel zu bestimmen und in seinen Folgen für die gegenwärtige Gesellschaft auszuloten, muß die große Geschichte der Säkularisierung in der nordatlantischen Welt von der frühen Neuzeit bis in die Gegenwart erzählt werden – ein herkulisches Unterfangen, dem sich der kanadische Philosoph Charles Taylor in seinem mit Spannung erwarteten neuen Buch stellt. Mit einem Fokus auf dem »lateinischen Christentum«, dem vorherrschenden Glauben in Europa, rekonstruiert er in geradezu verschwenderischem Detail die entscheidenden Entwicklungslinien in den Naturwissenschaften, der Philosophie, der Staats- und Rechtstheorie und in den Künsten. Dem berühmten Diktum von der wissenschaftlich-technischen »Entzauberung der Welt« und anderen eingeschliffenen Säkularisierungstheorien setzt er die These entgegen, daß es die Religion selbst war, die das Säkulare hervorgebracht hat, und entfaltet eine komplexe Mentalitätsgeschichte des modernen Subjekts, das heute im Niemandsland zwischen Glauben und Atheismus gefangen ist.

Religion

The Classical Theories

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Philosophy

Page: 209

View: 1521

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""Why theories of religion?" After raising and answering this question the author begins his examination of theories of religion by first looking at the explanations given by religious believers (Revelation and Religious Experience). He then considers the view of thinkers who have sought to transform religion into philosophy (Plato, Kant and Hegel), before reviewing the theories of those who have seen religion as arising out of errors in primitive thinking (Tyler, Frazer and Levy-Bruhl) and those 'masters of suspicion', as Paul Ricoeur has called them, (Feuerbach, Nietzsche, Marx and Freud) who offered what they believed to be exhaustive psychological and sociological theories of the origin and nature of religion. In the course of his discussion the author also engages with many contemporary thinkers whose discussions of religion have been based on these classical accounts."--BOOK JACKET.