Remote Sensing in Hydrology and Water Management

Author: Gert A. Schultz,Edwin T. Engman

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642595839

Category: Science

Page: 483

View: 7016

DOWNLOAD NOW »
The book provides comprehensive information on possible applications of remote sensing data for hydrological monitoring and modelling as well as for water management decisions. Mathematical theory is provided only as far as it is necessary for understanding the underlying principles. The book is especially timely because of new programs and sensors that are or will be realised. ESA, NASA, NASDA as well as the Indian and the Brazilian Space Agency have recently launched satellites or developed plans for new sensor systems that will be especially pertinent to hydrology and water management. New techniques are presented whose structure differ from conventional hydrological models due to the nature of remotely sensed data.

Remote Sensing and Hydrology 2000

A Selection of Papers Presented at the Conference on Remote Sensing and Hydrology 2000, Held at Santa Fe, New Mexico, USA, April 2000

Author: Manfred Owe

Publisher: International Assn of Hydrological Sciences

ISBN: 9781901502466

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 610

View: 6042

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Remote Sensing and Water Resources

Author: A. Cazenave,N. Champollion,J. Benveniste,J. Chen

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319324497

Category: Science

Page: 337

View: 4176

DOWNLOAD NOW »
This book is a collection of overview articles showing how space-based observations, combined with hydrological modeling, have considerably improved our knowledge of the continental water cycle and its sensitivity to climate change. Two main issues are highlighted: (1) the use in combination of space observations for monitoring water storage changes in river basins worldwide, and (2) the use of space data in hydrological modeling either through data assimilation or as external constraints. The water resources aspect is also addressed, as well as the impacts of direct anthropogenic forcing on land hydrology (e.g. ground water depletion, dam building on rivers, crop irrigation, changes in land use and agricultural practices, etc.). Remote sensing observations offer important new information on this important topic as well, which is highly useful for achieving water management objectives.Over the past 15 years, remote sensing techniques have increasingly demonstrated their capability to monitor components of the water balance of large river basins on time scales ranging from months to decades: satellite altimetry routinely monitors water level changes in large rivers, lakes and floodplains. When combined with satellite imagery, this technique can also measure surface water volume variations. Passive and active microwave sensors offer important information on soil moisture (e.g. the SMOS mission) as well as wetlands and snowpack. The GRACE space gravity mission offers, for the first time, the possibility of directly measuring spatio-temporal variations in the total vertically integrated terrestrial water storage. When combined with other space observations (e.g. from satellite altimetry and SMOS) or model estimates of surface waters and soil moisture, space gravity data can effectively measure groundwater storage variations. New satellite missions, planned for the coming years, will complement the constellation of satellites monitoring waters on land. This is particularly the case for the SWOT mission, which is expected to revolutionize land surface hydrology. Previously published in Surveys in Geophysics, Volume 37, No. 2, 2016

GIS for Water Resource and Watershed Management

Author: John G. Lyon

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780203217917

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 274

View: 7459

DOWNLOAD NOW »
The use of GIS, and its application for solving environmental problems is growing rapidly. This powerful set of tools can be used to great effect in hydrological modeling, environment and habitat assessments, ecosystem studies, monitoring of wetlands and forested watersheds, urban studies, agricultural impact assessment and much more. GIS for Watershed and Water Resource Management explains the fundamentals, demonstrates new approaches, techniques and methods, and provides examples of real applications. It presents the basic concepts, and shows how to acquire the critical information needed to plan and implement GIS studies, and develop practical solutions for environmental management and problem solving.

Multiscale Hydrologic Remote Sensing

Perspectives and Applications

Author: Ni-Bin Chang,Yang Hong

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439877637

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 568

View: 2716

DOWNLOAD NOW »
Multiscale Hydrologic Remote Sensing: Perspectives and Applications integrates advances in hydrologic science and innovative remote sensing technologies. Raising the visibility of interdisciplinary research on water resources, it offers a suite of tools and platforms for investigating spatially and temporally continuous hydrological variables and processes. Illustrated in color, this book examines components in the hydrologic cycle with a range of space and time scales. Organized into five parts, it explores hydrologic remote sensing at the local, urban, watershed, and regional scales, as well as the continental and global scale. Contributors address questions such as What are the local, watershed, and regional differences in soil moisture and evapotranspiration when using different measurement methods and models? How can we fit the scenarios of global warming potential and the remote sensing products of snow water equivalent into hydrologic modeling to address the changing flood and drought conditions in a watershed? How can we fuse the images collected by different satellites to improve the accuracy of predictions at the global scale? Tackling these and many other topics, the book presents new techniques and methods for spaceborne, airborne, and ground-based measurements and mathematical modeling. It also discusses remote sensing image processing tools and features a wealth of real-world applications and case studies. This book is a useful reference for students, professionals, scientists, and policy makers involved in the study of global change, hydrologic science, meteorology, climatology, biology, ecology, and the agricultural and forest sciences. It shows how hydrologic remote sensing technologies can be used more effectively to explore global change impacts and improve the design of hydrologic observatories.

Hydrologic Remote Sensing

Capacity Building for Sustainability and Resilience

Author: Yang Hong,Yu Zhang,Sadiq Ibrahim Khan

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1315353326

Category: Nature

Page: 395

View: 381

DOWNLOAD NOW »
Environmental remote sensing plays a critical role in observing key hydrological components such as precipitation, soil moisture, evapotranspiration and total water storage on a global scale. As water security is one of the most critical issues in the world, satellite remote sensing techniques are of particular importance for emerging regions which have inadequate in-situ gauge observations. This book reviews multiple remote sensing observations, the application of remote sensing in hydrological modeling, data assimilation and hydrological capacity building in emerging regions.

Remote Sensing of Hydrological Extremes

Author: Venkat Lakshmi

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319437445

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 320

View: 7494

DOWNLOAD NOW »
This volume provides in-depth coverage of the latest in remote sensing of hydrological extremes: both floods and droughts. The book is divided into two distinct sections – floods and droughts – and offers a variety of techniques for monitoring each. With rapid advances in computer modelling and observing systems, floods and droughts are studied with greater precision today than ever before. Land surface models (especially over entire Continental United States) can map the hydrological cycle at kilometre and sub-kilometre scales. In case of smaller areas there is even higher spatial resolution and the only limiting factor is the resolution of input data. In-situ sensors are automated and the data directly relayed to the world wide web for many hydrological variables such as precipitation, soil moisture surface temperature and heat fluxes. In addition satellite remote sensing has advanced to providing twice a day repeat observations at kilometre to ten-kilometre spatial scales. We are at a critical juncture in the study of hydrological extremes, and the GPM and SMAP missions as well as the MODIS and GRACE sensors give us more tools and data than were ever available before. A global variety of chapter authors provides wide-ranging perspectives and case studies that will make this book an indispensable resource for researchers, engineers, and even emergency management and insurance professionals who study and/or manage hydrological extremes.

Earth Observation for Water Resources Management

Current Use and Future Opportunities for the Water Sector

Author: Luis García,Diego Rodríguez,Marcus Wijnen,Inge Pakulski

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 1464804761

Category: Nature

Page: 264

View: 2845

DOWNLOAD NOW »
Water systems are building blocks for poverty alleviation, shared growth, sustainable development, and green growth strategies. They require data from in-situ observation networks. Budgetary and other constraints have taken a toll on their operation and there are many regions in the world where the data are scarce or unreliable. Increasingly, remote sensing satellite-based earth observation is becoming an alternative. This book briefly describes some key global water challenges, perspectives for remote sensing approaches, and their importance for water resources-related activities. It describes eight key types of water resources management variables, a list of sensors that can produce such information, and a description of existing data products with examples. Earth Observation for Water Resources Management provides a series of practical guidelines that can be used by project leaders to decide whether remote sensing may be useful for the problem at hand and suitable data sources to consider if so. The book concludes with a review of the literature on reliability statistics of remote-sensed estimations.

Principles of Snow Hydrology

Author: David R. DeWalle,Albert Rango

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139471602

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 5321

DOWNLOAD NOW »
Principles of Snow Hydrology describes the factors that control the accumulation, melting and runoff of water from seasonal snowpacks over the surface of the earth. The book addresses not only the basic principles governing snow in the hydrologic cycle, but also the latest applications of remote sensing, and techniques for modeling streamflow from snowmelt across large mixed land-use river basins. Individual chapters are devoted to climatology and distribution of snow, snowpack energy exchange, snow chemistry, ground-based measurements and remote sensing of snowpack characteristics, snowpack management, and modeling snowmelt runoff. Many chapters have review questions and problems with solutions available online. This book is a reference book for practicing water resources managers and a text for advanced hydrology and water resources courses which span fields such as engineering, earth sciences, meteorology, biogeochemistry, forestry and range management, and water resources planning.

Remote Sensing of Water Resources, Disasters, and Urban Studies

Author: Prasad S. Thenkabail, Ph.D.

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1482217929

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 673

View: 9889

DOWNLOAD NOW »
A volume in the three-volume Remote Sensing Handbook series, Remote Sensing of Water Resources, Disasters, and Urban Studies documents the scientific and methodological advances that have taken place during the last 50 years. The other two volumes in the series are Remotely Sensed Data Characterization, Classification, and Accuracies, and Land Resources Monitoring, Modeling, and Mapping with Remote Sensing. In true handbook style, this volume demonstrates in-depth, extensive and comprehensive coverage of Remote Sensing of Water Resources, Disasters, and Urban Studies. The book provides fundamental as well as practical knowledge of remote sensing of myriad topics pertaining to water resources, disasters, and urban areas such as hydrology, water resources, water use, water productivity, floods, wetlands, snow and ice, nightlights, geomorphology, droughts and drylands, disasters, volcanoes, fire, and smart cities. Highlights include: Hydrological studies, groundwater studies, flood studies, and crop water use and water productivity studies Wetland modeling, mapping, and characterization Snow and ice studies Drought and dryland monitoring and mapping methods Volcanoes, coal fires, and greenhouse gas emissions Urban remote sensing for disaster risk management Remote sensing for the design of smart cities Considered magnum opus on the subject the three-volume Remote Sensing Handbook is edited by Dr. Prasad S. Thenkabail, an internationally acclaimed scientist in remote sensing, GIScience, and spatial sciences. The volume has contributions from pioneering remote sensing global experts on specific topics. The volume gives you a knowledge base on each of the above mentioned topics, a deep understanding the evolution remote sensing science, and familiarity with state-of-the-art of technology as well as a future vision for the field.

QGIS and Applications in Water and Risks

Author: Nicolas Baghdadi,Clément Mallet,Mehrez Zribi

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119476704

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 300

View: 829

DOWNLOAD NOW »
Our four volumes propose to present innovative thematic applications implemented using the open source software QGIS. These are applications that use remote sensing over continental surfaces. The four volumes detail applications of remote sensing over continental surfaces, with a first one discussing applications for agriculture. A second one presents applications for forest, a third presents applications for the continental hydrology, and finally the last volume details applications for environment and risk issues.

Geographical Information Systems in Hydrology

Author: Vijay Singh,M. Fiorentino

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780792342267

Category: Science

Page: 446

View: 1340

DOWNLOAD NOW »
The last few years have witnessed an enormous interest in application of GIS in hydrology and water resources. This is partly evidenced by organization of sev eral national and international symposia or conferences under the sponsorship of various professional organizations. This increased interest is, in a large measure, in response to growing public sensitivity to environmental quality and management. The GIS technology has the ability to capture, store, manipulate, analyze, and visualize the diverse sets of geo-referenced data. On the other hand, hydrology is inherently spatial and distributed hydrologic models have large data requirements. The integration of hydrology and GIS is therefore quite natural. The integration involves three major components: (1) spatial data construction, (2) integration of spatial model layers, and (3) GIS and model interface. GIS can assist in design, calibration, modification and comparison of models. This integration is spreading worldwide and is expected to accelerate in the foreseeable future. Substantial op portunities exist in integration of GIS and hydrology. We believe there are enough challenges in use of GIS for conceptualizing and modeling complex hydrologic processes and for globalization of hydrology. The motivation for this book grew out of the desire to provide under one cover a range of applications of GIS tech nology in hydrology. It is hoped that the book will stimulate others to write more comprehensive texts on this subject of growing importance.

Remote Sensing of Drought

Innovative Monitoring Approaches

Author: Brian D. Wardlow,Martha C. Anderson,James P. Verdin

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439835578

Category: Science

Page: 484

View: 1698

DOWNLOAD NOW »
Remote Sensing of Drought: Innovative Monitoring Approaches presents emerging remote sensing-based tools and techniques that can be applied to operational drought monitoring and early warning around the world. The first book to focus on remote sensing and drought monitoring, it brings together a wealth of information that has been scattered throughout the literature and across many disciplines. Featuring contributions by leading scientists, it assembles a cross-section of globally applicable techniques that are currently operational or have potential to be operational in the near future. The book explores a range of applications for monitoring four critical components of the hydrological cycle related to drought: vegetation health, evapotranspiration, soil moisture and groundwater, and precipitation. These applications use remotely sensed optical, thermal, microwave, radar, and gravity data from instruments such as AMSR-E, GOES, GRACE, MERIS, MODIS, and Landsat and implement several advanced modeling and data assimilation techniques. Examples show how to integrate this information into routine drought products. The book also examines the role of satellite remote sensing within traditional drought monitoring, as well as current challenges and future prospects. Improving drought monitoring is becoming increasingly important in addressing a wide range of societal issues, from food security and water scarcity to human health, ecosystem services, and energy production. This unique book surveys innovative remote sensing approaches to provide you with new perspectives on large-area drought monitoring and early warning.

Evaporation and Evapotranspiration

Measurements and Estimations

Author: Wossenu Abtew,Assefa M. Melesse

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400747373

Category: Science

Page: 206

View: 6920

DOWNLOAD NOW »
The book is a thorough presentation of theoretical and applied aspects of the evaporation and evapotranspiration process supported by data from experimental studies. It is written in a way that the theoretical background of evaporation and evapotranspiration estimation is presented in a simplified manner, comprehensive to most technical readers. The book deals with details of meteorological parameters and monitoring sensors which are needed for estimating evaporation and evapotranspiration. Errors in meteorological parameter measurements are also presented. Estimation errors, strengths, weaknesses and applicability of a wide range of evaporation and evapotranspiration estimation methods are presented along with samples of application to a certain region. Application of newer simpler methods is presented. A new technology, remote sensing application to evaporation and evapotranspiration estimation, is presented. The latest interest in the subject, climate change and evapotranspiration is presented in the last chapter. This book will be beneficial to students, hydrologists, engineers, meteorologists, water managers and others.

Remote Sensing of the Terrestrial Water Cycle

Author: Venkataraman Lakshmi

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118872266

Category: Science

Page: 576

View: 9080

DOWNLOAD NOW »
Remote Sensing of the Terrestrial Water Cycle is an outcome of the AGU Chapman Conference held in February 2012. This is a comprehensive volume that examines the use of available remote sensing satellite data as well as data from future missions that can be used to expand our knowledge in quantifying the spatial and temporal variations in the terrestrial water cycle. Volume highlights include: - An in-depth discussion of the global water cycle - Approaches to various problems in climate, weather, hydrology, and agriculture - Applications of satellite remote sensing in measuring precipitation, surface water, snow, soil moisture, groundwater, modeling, and data assimilation - A description of the use of satellite data for accurately estimating and monitoring the components of the hydrological cycle - Discussion of the measurement of multiple geophysical variables and properties over different landscapes on a temporal and a regional scale Remote Sensing of the Terrestrial Water Cycle is a valuable resource for students and research professionals in the hydrology, ecology, atmospheric sciences, geography, and geological sciences communities.

Water Resources Systems Planning and Management

Author: Sharad K. Jain,V.P. Singh

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080543697

Category: Science

Page: 882

View: 7735

DOWNLOAD NOW »
This book is divided into four parts. The first part, Preliminaries, begins by introducing the basic theme of the book. It provides an overview of the current status of water resources utilization, the likely scenario of future demands, and advantages and disadvantages of systems techniques. An understanding of how the hydrological data are measured and processed is important before undertaking any analysis. The discussion is extended to emerging techniques, such as Remote Sensing, GIS, Artificial Neural Networks, and Expert Systems. The statistical tools for data analysis including commonly used probability distributions, parameter estimation, regression and correlation, frequency analysis, and time-series analysis are discussed in a separate chapter. Part 2 Decision Making, is a bouquet of techniques organized in 4 chapters. After discussing optimization and simulation, the techniques of economic analysis are covered. Recently, environmental and social aspects, and rehabilitation and resettlement of project-affected people have come to occupy a central stage in water resources management and any good book is incomplete unless these topics are adequately covered. The concept of rational decision making along with risk, reliability, and uncertainty aspects form subject matter of a chapter. With these analytical tools, the practitioner is well equipped to take a rational decision for water resources utilization. Part 3 deals with Water Resources Planning and Development. This part discusses the concepts of planning, the planning process, integrated planning, public involvement, and reservoir sizing. The last part focuses on Systems Operation and Management. After a resource is developed, it is essential to manage it in the best possible way. Many dams around the world are losing some storage capacity every year due to sedimentation and therefore, the assessment and management of reservoir sedimentation is described in details. No analysis of water resources systems is complete without consideration of water quality. A river basin is the natural unit in which water occurs. The final chapter discusses various issues related to holistic management of a river basin.