Remote Sensing in Hydrology and Water Management

Author: Gert A. Schultz,Edwin T. Engman

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642595839

Category: Science

Page: 483

View: 4663

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The book provides comprehensive information on possible applications of remote sensing data for hydrological monitoring and modelling as well as for water management decisions. Mathematical theory is provided only as far as it is necessary for understanding the underlying principles. The book is especially timely because of new programs and sensors that are or will be realised. ESA, NASA, NASDA as well as the Indian and the Brazilian Space Agency have recently launched satellites or developed plans for new sensor systems that will be especially pertinent to hydrology and water management. New techniques are presented whose structure differ from conventional hydrological models due to the nature of remotely sensed data.

Remote Sensing of Water Resources, Disasters, and Urban Studies

Author: Prasad S. Thenkabail, Ph.D.

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1482217929

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 673

View: 3574

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A volume in the three-volume Remote Sensing Handbook series, Remote Sensing of Water Resources, Disasters, and Urban Studies documents the scientific and methodological advances that have taken place during the last 50 years. The other two volumes in the series are Remotely Sensed Data Characterization, Classification, and Accuracies, and Land Resources Monitoring, Modeling, and Mapping with Remote Sensing. In true handbook style, this volume demonstrates in-depth, extensive and comprehensive coverage of Remote Sensing of Water Resources, Disasters, and Urban Studies. The book provides fundamental as well as practical knowledge of remote sensing of myriad topics pertaining to water resources, disasters, and urban areas such as hydrology, water resources, water use, water productivity, floods, wetlands, snow and ice, nightlights, geomorphology, droughts and drylands, disasters, volcanoes, fire, and smart cities. Highlights include: Hydrological studies, groundwater studies, flood studies, and crop water use and water productivity studies Wetland modeling, mapping, and characterization Snow and ice studies Drought and dryland monitoring and mapping methods Volcanoes, coal fires, and greenhouse gas emissions Urban remote sensing for disaster risk management Remote sensing for the design of smart cities Considered magnum opus on the subject the three-volume Remote Sensing Handbook is edited by Dr. Prasad S. Thenkabail, an internationally acclaimed scientist in remote sensing, GIScience, and spatial sciences. The volume has contributions from pioneering remote sensing global experts on specific topics. The volume gives you a knowledge base on each of the above mentioned topics, a deep understanding the evolution remote sensing science, and familiarity with state-of-the-art of technology as well as a future vision for the field.

Remote Sensing and Water Resources

Author: A. Cazenave,N. Champollion,J. Benveniste,J. Chen

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319324497

Category: Science

Page: 337

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This book is a collection of overview articles showing how space-based observations, combined with hydrological modeling, have considerably improved our knowledge of the continental water cycle and its sensitivity to climate change. Two main issues are highlighted: (1) the use in combination of space observations for monitoring water storage changes in river basins worldwide, and (2) the use of space data in hydrological modeling either through data assimilation or as external constraints. The water resources aspect is also addressed, as well as the impacts of direct anthropogenic forcing on land hydrology (e.g. ground water depletion, dam building on rivers, crop irrigation, changes in land use and agricultural practices, etc.). Remote sensing observations offer important new information on this important topic as well, which is highly useful for achieving water management objectives.Over the past 15 years, remote sensing techniques have increasingly demonstrated their capability to monitor components of the water balance of large river basins on time scales ranging from months to decades: satellite altimetry routinely monitors water level changes in large rivers, lakes and floodplains. When combined with satellite imagery, this technique can also measure surface water volume variations. Passive and active microwave sensors offer important information on soil moisture (e.g. the SMOS mission) as well as wetlands and snowpack. The GRACE space gravity mission offers, for the first time, the possibility of directly measuring spatio-temporal variations in the total vertically integrated terrestrial water storage. When combined with other space observations (e.g. from satellite altimetry and SMOS) or model estimates of surface waters and soil moisture, space gravity data can effectively measure groundwater storage variations. New satellite missions, planned for the coming years, will complement the constellation of satellites monitoring waters on land. This is particularly the case for the SWOT mission, which is expected to revolutionize land surface hydrology. Previously published in Surveys in Geophysics, Volume 37, No. 2, 2016

GIS for Water Resource and Watershed Management

Author: John G. Lyon

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780203217917

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 274

View: 9732

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The use of GIS, and its application for solving environmental problems is growing rapidly. This powerful set of tools can be used to great effect in hydrological modeling, environment and habitat assessments, ecosystem studies, monitoring of wetlands and forested watersheds, urban studies, agricultural impact assessment and much more. GIS for Watershed and Water Resource Management explains the fundamentals, demonstrates new approaches, techniques and methods, and provides examples of real applications. It presents the basic concepts, and shows how to acquire the critical information needed to plan and implement GIS studies, and develop practical solutions for environmental management and problem solving.

Distributed Hydrological Modelling

Author: Michael B. Abbott,Jens Christian Refsgaard

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780792340423

Category: Science

Page: 336

View: 8055

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It is the task of the engineer, as of any other professional person, to do everything that is reasonably possible to analyse the difficulties with which his or her client is confronted, and on this basis to design solutions and implement these in practice. The distributed hydrological model is, correspondingly, the means for doing everything that is reasonably possible - of mobilising as much data and testing it with as much knowledge as is economically feasible - for the purpose of analysing problems and of designing and implementing remedial measures in the case of difficulties arising within the hydrological cycle. Thus the aim of distributed hydrologic modelling is to make the fullest use of cartographic data, of geological data, of satellite data, of stream discharge measurements, of borehole data, of observations of crops and other vegetation, of historical records of floods and droughts, and indeed of everything else that has ever been recorded or remembered, and then to apply to this everything that is known about meteorology, plant physiology, soil physics, hydrogeology, sediment transport and everything else that is relevant within this context. Of course, no matter how much data we have and no matter how much we know, it will never be enough to treat some problems and some situations, but still we can aim in this way to do the best that we possibly can.

Integrated Approach to Environmental Data Management Systems

Author: Nilgun B. Harmancioglu,M.N. Alpaslan,S.D. Ozkul,Vijay Singh

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401156166

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 546

View: 3858

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An integrated approach to environmental data management is necessitated by the complexity of the environmental problems that need to be addresses, coupled with the interdisciplinary approach that needs to be adopted to solve them. Agenda 21 of the Rio Environmental Conference mandated international programmes and organizations to take steps to develop common data and information management plans, and steps have been taken in this direction. The key word that defines the framework of the present book is `integration'. The book establishes the basics of integrated approaches and covers environmental data management systems within that framework, covering all aspects of data management, from objectives and constraints, design of data collection networks, statistical and physical sampling, remote sensing and GIS, databases, reliability of data, data analysis, and the transformation of data into information.

Hydrologic Remote Sensing

Capacity Building for Sustainability and Resilience

Author: Yang Hong,Yu Zhang,Sadiq Ibrahim Khan

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1498726674

Category: Nature

Page: 395

View: 7993

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Environmental remote sensing plays a critical role in observing key hydrological components such as precipitation, soil moisture, evapotranspiration and total water storage on a global scale. As water security is one of the most critical issues in the world, satellite remote sensing techniques are of particular importance for emerging regions which have inadequate in-situ gauge observations. This book reviews multiple remote sensing observations, the application of remote sensing in hydrological modeling, data assimilation and hydrological capacity building in emerging regions.

Encyclopedia of Hydrology and Water Resources

Author: Reginald W. Herschy,Rhodes W. Fairbridge

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0412740605

Category: Science

Page: 832

View: 3001

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The fresh water supplies of the Earth are finite and as the world's population continues to grow humanity's thirst for this water seems unquenchable. Intense pressure is being exerted upon freshwater resources and a lack of adequate clean water is seen as one of the most serious global problems for the 21st century. Indeed it has been said that the next war will be fought over water, not oil. Human health and the health of supporting ecosystems increasingly depends upon our ability to find, control, manage and understand water. In a single volume, The Encyclopedia of Hydrology and Water Resources provides the reader with a comprehensive overview and understanding of the diverse field of hydrology. The intimate inclusion of material on water resources emphasizes the practical applications of this field, applications which are indispensable in any modern approach to the subject. This volume is a vital reference for all hydrologists, hydrogeologists and water engineers worldwide, whether they are concerned with the exploitation of new sources of water, the protection and management of existing reserves, or the science of surface water and groundwater flow. 114 eminent scientists from 17 countries worldwide have contributed to this authoritative volume. Superbly illustrated throughout, it includes almost 300 entries on a range of key topics, including arid and semi-arid zones, climates and climate change, floods and droughts, desertification, entropy, flow measurement, groundwater, hydrological cycle, hydrological models, infiltration, karst hydrology, paleohydrology, precipitation, remote sensing, river pollution prevention, rivers, lakes and seas, satellite hydrology, soil erosion, water treatment, water use, weather radar, and world water balance.

Remote Sensing and Its Applications

Author: L. R. A. Narayan

Publisher: Universities Press

ISBN: 9788173712685

Category: Artificial satellites in remote sensing

Page: 215

View: 2040

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With reference to India.

Radar Hydrology

Principles, Models, and Applications

Author: Yang Hong,Jonathan J. Gourley

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1466514620

Category: Science

Page: 176

View: 749

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Radar Hydrology: Principles, Models, and Applications provides graduate students, operational forecasters, and researchers with a theoretical framework and practical knowledge of radar precipitation estimation. The only text on the market solely devoted to radar hydrology, this comprehensive reference: Begins with a brief introduction to radar Focuses on the processing of radar data to arrive at accurate estimates of rainfall Addresses advanced radar sensing principles and applications Covers radar technologies for observing each component of the hydrologic cycle Examines state-of-the-art hydrologic models and their inputs, parameters, state variables, calibration procedures, and outputs Discusses contemporary approaches in data assimilation Concludes with methods, case studies, and prediction system design Includes downloadable MATLAB® content Flooding is the #1 weather-related natural disaster worldwide. Radar Hydrology: Principles, Models, and Applications aids in understanding the physical systems and detection tools, as well as designing prediction systems.

Remote Sensing and Hydrologic Models for Performance Assessment in Sirsa Irrigation Circle, India

Author: W. G. M. Bastiaanssen,D. J. Molden,S. Thiruvengadachari,L. Mutuwatte,G. Jayasinghe

Publisher: IWMI

ISBN: 9290903740

Category: Agriculture

Page: 29

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Sirsa irrigation circle and its distribution objectives. Canal water distribution in the Sirsa irrigation circle. Material and methods. Crop growing conditions, Rabi 1995/96. Hydrologic analysis for 1977-90. Water balance classifications. Agricultural practices as a function of hydrologic conditions. The performance of irrigates agriculture at Sirsa. Annex 1 - Annual water and salt balances in the Sirsa irrigation circle. Annex 2 - Cluster analysis. Annex 3 - Estimating the water consumption of a wheat crop. Literature cited.

Multiscale Hydrologic Remote Sensing

Perspectives and Applications

Author: Ni-Bin Chang,Yang Hong

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439877637

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 568

View: 1470

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Multiscale Hydrologic Remote Sensing: Perspectives and Applications integrates advances in hydrologic science and innovative remote sensing technologies. Raising the visibility of interdisciplinary research on water resources, it offers a suite of tools and platforms for investigating spatially and temporally continuous hydrological variables and processes. Illustrated in color, this book examines components in the hydrologic cycle with a range of space and time scales. Organized into five parts, it explores hydrologic remote sensing at the local, urban, watershed, and regional scales, as well as the continental and global scale. Contributors address questions such as What are the local, watershed, and regional differences in soil moisture and evapotranspiration when using different measurement methods and models? How can we fit the scenarios of global warming potential and the remote sensing products of snow water equivalent into hydrologic modeling to address the changing flood and drought conditions in a watershed? How can we fuse the images collected by different satellites to improve the accuracy of predictions at the global scale? Tackling these and many other topics, the book presents new techniques and methods for spaceborne, airborne, and ground-based measurements and mathematical modeling. It also discusses remote sensing image processing tools and features a wealth of real-world applications and case studies. This book is a useful reference for students, professionals, scientists, and policy makers involved in the study of global change, hydrologic science, meteorology, climatology, biology, ecology, and the agricultural and forest sciences. It shows how hydrologic remote sensing technologies can be used more effectively to explore global change impacts and improve the design of hydrologic observatories.

Remote Sensing and Hydrology 2000

A Selection of Papers Presented at the Conference on Remote Sensing and Hydrology 2000, Held at Santa Fe, New Mexico, USA, April 2000

Author: Manfred Owe

Publisher: International Assn of Hydrological Sciences

ISBN: 9781901502466

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 610

View: 4328

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Geographical Information Systems in Hydrology

Author: Vijay Singh,M. Fiorentino

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401587450

Category: Science

Page: 446

View: 1551

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The last few years have witnessed an enormous interest in application of GIS in hydrology and water resources. This is partly evidenced by organization of sev eral national and international symposia or conferences under the sponsorship of various professional organizations. This increased interest is, in a large measure, in response to growing public sensitivity to environmental quality and management. The GIS technology has the ability to capture, store, manipulate, analyze, and visualize the diverse sets of geo-referenced data. On the other hand, hydrology is inherently spatial and distributed hydrologic models have large data requirements. The integration of hydrology and GIS is therefore quite natural. The integration involves three major components: (1) spatial data construction, (2) integration of spatial model layers, and (3) GIS and model interface. GIS can assist in design, calibration, modification and comparison of models. This integration is spreading worldwide and is expected to accelerate in the foreseeable future. Substantial op portunities exist in integration of GIS and hydrology. We believe there are enough challenges in use of GIS for conceptualizing and modeling complex hydrologic processes and for globalization of hydrology. The motivation for this book grew out of the desire to provide under one cover a range of applications of GIS tech nology in hydrology. It is hoped that the book will stimulate others to write more comprehensive texts on this subject of growing importance.