Requirements Writing for System Engineering

Author: George Koelsch

Publisher: Apress

ISBN: 1484220994

Category: Computers

Page: 401

View: 5702

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Learn how to create good requirements when designing hardware and software systems. While this book emphasizes writing traditional “shall” statements, it also provides guidance on use case design and creating user stories in support of agile methodologies. The book surveys modeling techniques and various tools that support requirements collection and analysis. You’ll learn to manage requirements, including discussions of document types and digital approaches using spreadsheets, generic databases, and dedicated requirements tools. Good, clear examples are presented, many related to real-world work the author has done during his career. Requirements Writing for System Engineeringantages of different requirements approaches and implement them correctly as your needs evolve. Unlike most requirements books, Requirements Writing for System Engineering teaches writing both hardware and software requirements because many projects include both areas. To exemplify this approach, two example projects are developed throughout the book, one focusing on hardware and the other on software. This book Presents many techniques for capturing requirements. Demonstrates gap analysis to find missing requirements. Shows how to address both software and hardware, as most projects involve both. Provides extensive examples of “shall” statements, user stories, and use cases. Explains how to supplement or replace traditional requirement statements with user stories and use cases that work well in agile development environments What You Will Learn Understand the 14 techniques for capturing all requirements. Address software and hardware needs; because most projects involve both. Ensure all statements meet the 16 attributes of a good requirement. Differentiate the 19 different functional types of requirement, and the 31 non-functional types. Write requirements properly based on extensive examples of good ‘shall’ statements, user stories, and use cases. Employ modeling techniques to mitigate the imprecision of words. Audience Writing Requirements teaches you to write requirements the correct way. It is targeted at the requirements engineer who wants to improve and master his craft. This is also an excellent book from which to teach requirements engineering at the university level. Government organizations at all levels, from Federal to local levels, can use this book to ensure they begin all development projects correctly. As well, contractor companies supporting government development are also excellent audiences for this book.

Requirements Writing for System Engineering

Author: George Koelsch

Publisher: Apress

ISBN: 9781484220986

Category: Computers

Page: 400

View: 558

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Learn how to create good requirements when designing hardware and software systems. While this book emphasizes writing traditional “shall” statements, it also provides guidance on use case design and creating user stories in support of agile methodologies. The book surveys modeling techniques and various tools that support requirements collection and analysis. You’ll learn to manage requirements, including discussions of document types and digital approaches using spreadsheets, generic databases, and dedicated requirements tools. Good, clear examples are presented, many related to real-world work the author has done during his career. Requirements Writing for System Engineeringantages of different requirements approaches and implement them correctly as your needs evolve. Unlike most requirements books, Requirements Writing for System Engineering teaches writing both hardware and software requirements because many projects include both areas. To exemplify this approach, two example projects are developed throughout the book, one focusing on hardware and the other on software. This book Presents many techniques for capturing requirements. Demonstrates gap analysis to find missing requirements. Shows how to address both software and hardware, as most projects involve both. Provides extensive examples of “shall” statements, user stories, and use cases. Explains how to supplement or replace traditional requirement statements with user stories and use cases that work well in agile development environments What You Will Learn Understand the 14 techniques for capturing all requirements. Address software and hardware needs; because most projects involve both. Ensure all statements meet the 16 attributes of a good requirement. Differentiate the 19 different functional types of requirement, and the 31 non-functional types. Write requirements properly based on extensive examples of good ‘shall’ statements, user stories, and use cases. Employ modeling techniques to mitigate the imprecision of words. Audience Writing Requirements teaches you to write requirements the correct way. It is targeted at the requirements engineer who wants to improve and master his craft. This is also an excellent book from which to teach requirements engineering at the university level. Government organizations at all levels, from Federal to local levels, can use this book to ensure they begin all development projects correctly. As well, contractor companies supporting government development are also excellent audiences for this book.

Writing Better Requirements

Author: Ian F. Alexander,Richard Stevens

Publisher: Addison-Wesley Professional

ISBN: 9780321131638

Category: Computers

Page: 159

View: 3931

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Well-written requirements are crucial to systems of all kinds. This text explains and demonstrates exactly what requirements are for, and how to write them. It provides practical techniques and defines key terms, explaining and illustrating to develop the skills of good requirements writing.

Requirements Engineering

Author: Jeremy Dick,Elizabeth Hull,Ken Jackson

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319610732

Category: Computers

Page: 240

View: 2431

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Written for those who want to develop their knowledge of requirements engineering process, whether practitioners or students. Using the latest research and driven by practical experience from industry, Requirements Engineering gives useful hints to practitioners on how to write and structure requirements. It explains the importance of Systems Engineering and the creation of effective solutions to problems. It describes the underlying representations used in system modeling and introduces the UML2, and considers the relationship between requirements and modeling. Covering a generic multi-layer requirements process, the book discusses the key elements of effective requirements management. The latest version of DOORS (Version 7) - a software tool which serves as an enabler of a requirements management process - is also introduced to the reader here. Additional material and links are available at: http://www.requirementsengineering.info

System Requirements Analysis

Author: Jeffrey O. Grady

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0080457851

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 480

View: 4009

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Systems Requirement Analysis gives the professional systems engineer the tools to set up a proper and effective analysis of the resources, schedules and parts that will be needed in order to successfully undertake and complete any large, complex project. The text offers the reader the methodology for rationally breaking a large project down into a series of stepwise questions so that a schedule can be determined and a plan can be established for what needs to be procured, how it should be obtained, and what the likely costs in dollars, manpower and equipment will be in order to complete the project at hand. Systems Requirement Analysis is compatible with the full range of engineering management tools now popularly used, from project management to competitive engineering to Six Sigma, and will ensure that a project gets off to a good start before it’s too late to make critical planning changes. The book can be used for either self-instruction or in the classroom, offering a wealth of detail about the advantages of requirements analysis to the individual reader or the student group. * Author is the recognized authority on the subject of Systems Engineering, and was a founding member of the International Council on Systems Engineering (INCOSE) * Defines an engineering system, and how it must be broken down into a series of process steps, beginning with a definition of the problems to be solved * Complete overview of the basic principles involved in setting up a systems requirements analysis program, including how to set up the initial specifications that define the problems and parameters of an engineering program * Covers various analytical approaches to systems requirements including: structural and functional analysis, budget calculations, and risk analysis

Competitive Engineering

A Handbook For Systems Engineering, Requirements Engineering, and Software Engineering Using Planguage

Author: Tom Gilb

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0080457096

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 480

View: 5349

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Competitive Engineering documents Tom Gilb's unique, ground-breaking approach to communicating management objectives and systems engineering requirements, clearly and unambiguously. Competitive Engineering is a revelation for anyone involved in management and risk control. Already used by thousands of project managers and systems engineers around the world, this is a handbook for initiating, controlling and delivering complex projects on time and within budget. The Competitive Engineering methodology provides a practical set of tools and techniques that enable readers to effectively design, manage and deliver results in any complex organization - in engineering, industry, systems engineering, software, IT, the service sector and beyond. Elegant, comprehensive and accessible, the Competitive Engineering methodology provides a practical set of tools and techniques that enable readers to effectively design, manage and deliver results in any complex organization - in engineering, industry, systems engineering, software, IT, the service sector and beyond. Provides detailed, practical and innovative coverage of key subjects including requirements specification, design evaluation, specification quality control and evolutionary project management Offers a complete, proven and meaningful 'end-to-end' process for specifying, evaluating, managing and delivering high quality solutions Tom Gilb's clients include HP, Intel, CitiGroup, IBM, Nokia and the US Department of Defense

Process for System Architecture and Requirements Engineering

Author: Derek Hatley,Peter Hruschka,Imtiaz Pirbhai

Publisher: Addison-Wesley

ISBN: 0133488543

Category: Computers

Page: 456

View: 9387

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This is the digital version of the printed book (Copyright © 2000). Derek Hatley and Imtiaz Pirbhai—authors of Strategies for Real-Time System Specification—join with influential consultant Peter Hruschka to present a much anticipated update to their widely implemented Hatley/Pirbhai methods. Process for System Architecture and Requirements Engineering introduces a new approach that is particularly useful for multidisciplinary system development: It applies equally well to all technologies and thereby provides a common language for developers in widely differing disciplines. The Hatley-Pirbhai-Hruschka approach (H/H/P) has another important feature: the coexistence of the requirements and architecture methods and of the corresponding models they produce. These two models are kept separate, but the approach fully records their ongoing and changing interrelationships. This feature is missing from virtually all other system and software development methods and from CASE tools that only automate the requirements model. System managers, system architects, system engineers, and managers and engineers in all of the diverse engineering technologies will benefit from this comprehensive, pragmatic text. In addition to its models of requirements and architecture and of the development process itself, the book uses in-depth case studies of a hospital monitoring system and of a multidisciplinary groundwater analysis system to illustrate the principles. Compatibility Between the H/H/P Methods and the UML: The Hatley/Pirbhai architecture and requirements methods—described in Strategies for Real-Time System Specification—have been widely used for almost two decades in system and software development. Now known as the Hatley/Hruschka/Pirbhai (H/H/P) methods, they have always been compatible with object-oriented software techniques, such as the UML, by defining architectural elements as classes, objects, messages, inheritance relationships, and so on. In Process for System Architecture and Requirements Engineering, that compatibility is made more specific through the addition of message diagrams, inheritance diagrams, and new notations that go with them. In addition, state charts, while never excluded, are now specifically included as a representation of sequential machines. These additions make definition of the system/software boundary even more straightforward, while retaining the clear separation of requirements and design at the system levels that is a hallmark of the H/H/P methods—not shared by most OO techniques. Once the transition to software is made, the developer is free to continue using the H/H/P methods, or to use the UML or any other software-specific technique.

Requirements Engineering for Software and Systems, Second Edition

Author: Phillip A. Laplante

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1466560819

Category: Computers

Page: 324

View: 5676

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As requirements engineering continues to be recognized as the key to on-time and on-budget delivery of software and systems projects, many engineering programs have made requirements engineering mandatory in their curriculum. In addition, the wealth of new software tools that have recently emerged is empowering practicing engineers to improve their requirements engineering habits. However, these tools are not easy to use without appropriate training. Filling this need, Requirements Engineering for Software and Systems, Second Edition has been vastly updated and expanded to include about 30 percent new material. In addition to new exercises and updated references in every chapter, this edition updates all chapters with the latest applied research and industry practices. It also presents new material derived from the experiences of professors who have used the text in their classrooms. Improvements to this edition include: An expanded introductory chapter with extensive discussions on requirements analysis, agreement, and consolidation An expanded chapter on requirements engineering for Agile methodologies An expanded chapter on formal methods with new examples An expanded section on requirements traceability An updated and expanded section on requirements engineering tools New exercises including ones suitable for research projects Following in the footsteps of its bestselling predecessor, the text illustrates key ideas associated with requirements engineering using extensive case studies and three common example systems: an airline baggage handling system, a point-of-sale system for a large pet store chain, and a system for a smart home. This edition also includes an example of a wet well pumping system for a wastewater treatment station. With a focus on software-intensive systems, but highly applicable to non-software systems, this text provides a probing and comprehensive review of recent developments in requirements engineering in high integrity systems.

Requirements Engineering

Fundamentals, Principles, and Techniques

Author: Klaus Pohl

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783642125775

Category: Computers

Page: 814

View: 6335

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Requirements engineering is the process of eliciting individual stakeholder requirements and needs and developing them into detailed, agreed requirements documented and specified in such a way that they can serve as the basis for all other system development activities. In this textbook, Klaus Pohl provides a comprehensive and well-structured introduction to the fundamentals, principles, and techniques of requirements engineering. He presents approved techniques for eliciting, negotiating and documenting as well as validating, and managing requirements for software-intensive systems. The various aspects of the process and the techniques are illustrated using numerous examples based on his extensive teaching experience and his work in industrial collaborations. His presentation aims at professionals, students, and lecturers in systems and software engineering or business applications development. Professionals such as project managers, software architects, systems analysts, and software engineers will benefit in their daily work from the didactically well-presented combination of validated procedures and industrial experience. Students and lecturers will appreciate the comprehensive description of sound fundamentals, principles, and techniques, which is completed by a huge commented list of references for further reading. Lecturers will find additional teaching material on the book’s website, www.requirements-book.com.

Systems Engineering and Architecting

Creating Formal Requirements

Author: Laurence Bellagamba

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439881405

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 422

View: 6835

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Systems Engineering and Architecting: Creating Formal Requirements presents formal requirements to help you accomplish key systems engineering and architecting activities more efficiently. The formal requirements—explicit, executable, verifiable instructions—explain how to model systems behavior, make decisions, establish natural language requirements, and improve your systems engineering and architecting processes. Each chapter opens with case studies and lessons learned, which supply the real-world context for the formal requirements. Topics covered include how to use fuzzy logic and agents to model uncertainty and how to make decisions when confronted with ambiguity. The book also clarifies the differences between architecting and systems engineering. Mathematical Tools for Systems Engineering and Architecting Written in Mathematica®, each formal requirement provides a tool or serves as the algorithm for a more efficient implementation in another form. All of the requirements are available as an open source library for anyone to use, improve upon, or add to. Worked examples, illustrations, and example surveys help you apply the requirements to your own systems. The book also lists heuristics to guide you in those systems engineering or architecting activities that cannot yet be formally stipulated. Bring More Consistency to Your Systems Development and Management Acknowledging that much of the practice remains an art, this book brings as much scientific rigor as possible to the tasks performed by systems engineers and architects. Written by a director of engineering who led systems engineering or architecting efforts for the Space Shuttle Program, Space Control Architecture Development, and others, this book shows you how to develop more consistent processes for large-scale systems.

Systems Engineering with SysML/UML

Modeling, Analysis, Design

Author: Tim Weilkiens

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0080558313

Category: Computers

Page: 320

View: 8213

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UML, the Universal Modeling Language, was the first programming language designed to fulfill the requirement for "universality." However, it is a software-specific language, and does not support the needs of engineers designing from the broader systems-based perspective. Therefore, SysML was created. It has been steadily gaining popularity, and many companies, especially in the heavily-regulated Defense, Automotive, Aerospace, Medical Device and Telecomms industries, are already using SysML, or are plannning to switch over to it in the near future. However, little information is currently available on the market regarding SysML. Its use is just on the crest of becoming a widespread phenomenon, and so thousands of software engineers are now beginning to look for training and resources. This book will serve as the one-stop, definitive guide that provide an introduction to SysML, and instruction on how to implement it, for all these new users. *SysML is the latest emerging programming language--250,000 estimated software systems engineers are using it in the US alone! *The first available book on SysML in English *Insider information! The author is a member of the SysML working group and has written sections of the specification *Special focus comparing SysML and UML, and explaining how both can work together

Requirements Engineering Fundamentals, 2nd Edition

A Study Guide for the Certified Professional for Requirements Engineering Exam - Foundation Level - IREB compliant

Author: Klaus Pohl

Publisher: Rocky Nook, Inc.

ISBN: 1937538842

Category:

Page: 184

View: 1423

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Requirements engineering tasks have become increasingly complex. In order to ensure a high level of knowledge and competency among requirements engineers, the International Requirements Engineering Board (IREB) developed a standardized qualification called the Certified Professional for Requirements Engineering (CPRE). The certification defines the practical skills of a requirements engineer on various training levels. This book is designed for self-study and covers the curriculum for the Certified Professional for Requirements Engineering Foundation Level exam as defined by the IREB. The 2nd edition has been thoroughly revised and is aligned with the curriculum Version 2.2 of the IREB. In addition, some minor corrections to the 1st edition have been included. About IREB: The mission of the IREB is to contribute to the standardization of further education in the fields of business analysis and requirements engineering by providing syllabi and examinations, thereby achieving a higher level of applied requirements engineering. The IRE Board is comprised of a balanced mix of independent, internationally recognized experts in the fields of economy, consulting, research, and science. The IREB is a non-profit corporation. For more information visit www.certified-re.com

Environment Modeling-Based Requirements Engineering for Software Intensive Systems

Author: Zhi Jin

Publisher: Morgan Kaufmann

ISBN: 0128019573

Category: Computers

Page: 288

View: 6813

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Environment Modeling-Based Requirements Engineering for Software Intensive Systems provides a new and promising approach for engineering the requirements of software-intensive systems, presenting a systematic, promising approach to identifying, clarifying, modeling, deriving, and validating the requirements of software-intensive systems from well-modeled environment simulations. In addition, the book presents a new view of software capability, i.e. the effect-based software capability in terms of environment modeling. Provides novel and systematic methodologies for engineering the requirements of software-intensive systems Describes ontologies and easily-understandable notations for modeling software-intensive systems Analyzes the functional and non-functional requirements based on the properties of the software surroundings Provides an essential, practical guide and formalization tools for the task of identifying the requirements of software-intensive systems Gives system analysts and requirements engineers insight into how to recognize and structure the problems of developing software-intensive systems

The Requirements Engineering Handbook

Author: Ralph Rowland Young

Publisher: Artech House

ISBN: 9781580536189

Category: Computer software

Page: 254

View: 7819

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A concise and thorough handbook on requirements analysis, this invaluable book is the perfect desk guide for your systems or software development work. This first-of-its-kind handbook enables you to identify the real customer requirements for your projects and control changes and additions to these requirements. The books helps you understand the importance of requirements, leverage effective requirements practices, and better utilize resources. You also learn how to strengthen interpersonal relationships and communications which are major contributors to project effectiveness.

Requirements Management

The Interface Between Requirements Development and All Other Systems Engineering Processes

Author: Colin Hood,Simon Wiedemann,Stefan Fichtinger,Urte Pautz

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540684763

Category: Computers

Page: 275

View: 9093

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This book focuses on the interfaces of Requirements Management to the other disciplines of Systems Engineering. An introduction into Requirements Management and Requirements Development is given, along with a short sketch of Systems Engineering, and especially the necessary inputs and resulting outputs of Requirements Management are explained. Using these it is shown how Requirements Management can support and optimize the other project disciplines.

Writing Effective Use Cases

Author: Alistair Cockburn

Publisher: Addison-Wesley Professional

ISBN: 0321605802

Category: Computers

Page: 304

View: 9352

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Writing use cases as a means of capturing the behavioral requirements of software systems and business processes is a practice that is quickly gaining popularity. Use cases provide a beneficial means of project planning because they clearly show how people will ultimately use the system being designed. On the surface, use cases appear to be a straightforward and simple concept. Faced with the task of writing a set of use cases, however, practitioners must ask: "How exactly am I supposed to write use cases?" Because use cases are essentially prose essays, this question is not easily answered, and as a result, the task can become formidable. In Writing Effective Use Cases, object technology expert Alistair Cockburn presents an up-to-date, practical guide to use case writing. The author borrows from his extensive experience in this realm, and expands on the classic treatments of use cases to provide software developers with a "nuts-and-bolts" tutorial for writing use cases. The book thoroughly covers introductory, intermediate, and advanced concepts, and is, therefore, appropriate for all knowledge levels. Illustrative writing examples of both good and bad use cases reinforce the author's instructions. In addition, the book contains helpful learning exercises--with answers--to illuminate the most important points. Highlights of the book include: A thorough discussion of the key elements of use cases--actors, stakeholders, design scope, scenarios, and more A use case style guide with action steps and suggested formats An extensive list of time-saving use case writing tips A helpful presentation of use case templates, with commentary on when and where they should be employed A proven methodology for taking advantage of use cases With this book as your guide, you will learn the essential elements of use case writing, improve your use case writing skills, and be well on your way to employing use cases effectively for your next development project.

User-Centred Requirements Engineering

Author: Alistair Sutcliffe

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1447102177

Category: Computers

Page: 215

View: 6447

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If you have picked up this book and are browsing the Preface, you may well be asking yourself"What makes this book different from the large number I can find on amazon. com?". Well, the answer is a blend of the academic and the practical, and views of the subject you won't get from anybody else: how psychology and linguistics influence the field of requirements engineering (RE). The title might seem to be a bit of a conundrum; after all, surely requirements come from people so all requirements should be user-centred. Sadly, that is not always so; many system disasters have been caused simply because requirements engineering was not user-centred or, worse still, was not practised at all. So this book is about putting the people back into com puting, although not simply from the HCI (human-computer interaction) sense; instead, the focus is on how to understand what people want and then build appropriate computer systems.

Just Enough Requirements Management

Where Software Development Meets Marketing

Author: Alan Davis

Publisher: Addison-Wesley

ISBN: 0133491315

Category: Computers

Page: 144

View: 7116

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This is the digital version of the printed book (Copyright © 2005). If you develop software without understanding the requirements, you're wasting your time. On the other hand, if a project spends too much time trying to understand the requirements, it will end up late and/or over-budget. And products that are created by such projects can be just as unsuccessful as those that fail to meet the basic requirements. Instead, every company must make a reasonable trade-off between what's required and what time and resources are available. Finding the right balance for your project may depend on many factors, including the corporate culture, the time-to-market pressure, and the criticality of the application. That is why requirements management—gathering requirements, identifying the "right" ones to satisfy, and documenting them—is essential. Just Enough Requirements Management shows you how to discover, prune, and document requirements when you are subjected to tight schedule constraints. You'll apply just enough process to minimize risks while still achieving desired outcomes. You'll determine how many requirements are just enough to satisfy your customers while still meeting your goals for schedule, budget, and resources. If your project has insufficient resources to satisfy all the requirements of your customers, you must read Just Enough Requirements Management.

Mastering the Requirements Process

Getting Requirements Right

Author: Suzanne Robertson,James Robertson

Publisher: Addison-Wesley

ISBN: 0132942844

Category: Computers

Page: 600

View: 5495

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“If the purpose is to create one of the best books on requirements yet written, the authors have succeeded.” —Capers Jones Software can solve almost any problem. The trick is knowing what the problem is. With about half of all software errors originating in the requirements activity, it is clear that a better understanding of the problem is needed. Getting the requirements right is crucial if we are to build systems that best meet our needs. We know, beyond doubt, that the right requirements produce an end result that is as innovative and beneficial as it can be, and that system development is both effective and efficient. Mastering the Requirements Process: Getting Requirements Right, Third Edition, sets out an industry-proven process for gathering and verifying requirements, regardless of whether you work in a traditional or agile development environment. In this sweeping update of the bestselling guide, the authors show how to discover precisely what the customer wants and needs, in the most efficient manner possible. Features include The Volere requirements process for discovering requirements, for use with both traditional and iterative environments A specification template that can be used as the basis for your own requirements specifications Formality guides that help you funnel your efforts into only the requirements work needed for your particular development environment and project How to make requirements testable using fit criteria Checklists to help identify stakeholders, users, non-functional requirements, and more Methods for reusing requirements and requirements patterns New features include Strategy guides for different environments, including outsourcing Strategies for gathering and implementing requirements for iterative releases “Thinking above the line” to find the real problem How to move from requirements to finding the right solution The Brown Cow model for clearer viewpoints of the system Using story cards as requirements Using the Volere Knowledge Model to help record and communicate requirements Fundamental truths about requirements and system development

Agile Systems Engineering

Author: Bruce Powel Douglass

Publisher: Morgan Kaufmann

ISBN: 012802349X

Category: Computers

Page: 452

View: 6529

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Agile Systems Engineering presents a vision of systems engineering where precise specification of requirements, structure, and behavior meet larger concerns as such as safety, security, reliability, and performance in an agile engineering context. World-renown author and speaker Dr. Bruce Powel Douglass incorporates agile methods and model-based systems engineering (MBSE) to define the properties of entire systems while avoiding errors that can occur when using traditional textual specifications. Dr. Douglass covers the lifecycle of systems development, including requirements, analysis, design, and the handoff to specific engineering disciplines. Throughout, Dr. Douglass couples agile methods with SysML and MBSE to arm system engineers with the conceptual and methodological tools they need to avoid specification defects and improve system quality while simultaneously reducing the effort and cost of systems engineering. Identifies how the concepts and techniques of agile methods can be effectively applied in systems engineering context Shows how to perform model-based functional analysis and tie these analyses back to system requirements and stakeholder needs, and forward to system architecture and interface definition Provides a means by which the quality and correctness of systems engineering data can be assured (before the entire system is built!) Explains agile system architectural specification and allocation of functionality to system components Details how to transition engineering specification data to downstream engineers with no loss of fidelity Includes detailed examples from across industries taken through their stages, including the "Waldo" industrial exoskeleton as a complex system