Parteien, Parteiensysteme und politische Orientierungen

Aktuelle Beiträge der Parteienforschung

Author: Carsten Koschmieder

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3658179228

Category: Political Science

Page: 352

View: 9989

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​Sechzehn renommierte Forscherinnen und Forscher der deutschen Politikwissenschaft ehren mit ihren Beiträgen Jubilar Oskar Niedermayer. Die Beiträge kreisen um Niedermayers Forschungsgebiete Partizipation, Parteien, Wahlen und politische Orientierungen. Der Sammelband wird durch eine persönliche Einleitung und ein kommentiertes Literaturverzeichnis aller Publikationen Niedermayers gerahmt.

Political Sociology and the People's Health

Author: Jason Beckfield

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 019049249X

Category: Medical

Page: 176

View: 8262

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A social epidemiologist looks at health inequalities in terms of the upstream factors that produced them. A political sociologist sees these same inequalities as products of institutions that unequally allocate power and social goods. Neither is wrong -- but can the two talk to one another? In a stirring new synthesis, Political Sociology and the People's Health advances the debate over social inequalities in health by offering a new set of provocative hypotheses around how health is distributed in and across populations. It joins political sociology's macroscopic insights into social policy, labor markets, and the racialized and gendered state with social epidemiology's conceptualizations and measurements of populations, etiologic periods, and distributions. The result is a major leap forward in how we understand the relationships between institutions and inequalities -- and essential reading for those in public health, sociology, and beyond.

Die großen Revolutionen und die Kulturen der Moderne

Author: Shmuel N. Eisenstadt

Publisher: International Reading Assoc.

ISBN: 9783531149936

Category: Political Science

Page: 252

View: 3705

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Der Autor untersucht in seiner neuesten Schrift, in welchem kulturellen und historischen Kontext sich die modernen Revolutionen -- zu denen für gewöhnlich in erster Linie der Bürgerkrieg in England, die Amerikanische, Französische, Russische und Chinesische Revolution gerechnet werden -- entwickelten und in welcher Beziehung sie zur Moderne bzw. zur Kultur der Moderne stehen. Grosse Revolutionen werden vom Autor als Kombination aus dem Wechsel eines politischen Regimes und der Propagierung einer spezifischen kosmologischen Vision (d.h. als Samen spezifischer Kulturen) betrachtet. Des weiteren untersucht er die Geschichte des revolutionären Symbolismus und der revolutionären Dynamiken postrevolutionärer moderner politischer Regime sowie die sich ständig wandelnde Kultur der Moderne. Inhalt: Teil eins: Die grossen Revolutionen sowie die Ursprünge und die Kristallisierung der Moderne: Vergleichende Beobachtungen: - Der historische und kulturelle Rahmen der grossen Revolutionen - Die spezifischen Merkmale revolutionärer Prozesse und Ideologien. Teil zwei: Die "Ursachen" und der historisch-kulturelle Rahmen der Revolutionen: - Strukturelle und gesellschaftspsychologische Ursachen - Historischer Hintergrund - Die Widersprüche der "Frühen Moderne"--Der kulturelle Rahmen der grossen Revolutionen -- Die Achsenzeit-Kulturen. Teil drei: Die Varianten der Achsenzeit-Kulturen und der politischen Dynamiken -- Die Besonderheiten des revolutionären Prozesses: "Ausserweltliche" Kulturen -- die Hindu-Kultur - Die politischen Dynamiken in "innerweltlichen" Kulturen -- die konfuzianische Politikordnung in China - Monotheistische Kulturen -- Der Islam - Die christlichen Kulturen -- der europäische Kulturraum - Ein vergleichender Exkurs: Japan -- die nicht-achsenzeitliche revolutionäre Restauration. Teil vier: Kosmologische Visionen, Regulierungsformen und revolutionäres Potential: Politische Dynamiken in Achsenzeit-Kulturen.

Fremd in ihrem Land

Eine Reise ins Herz der amerikanischen Rechten

Author: Arlie Russell Hochschild

Publisher: Campus Verlag

ISBN: 3593507668

Category: Political Science

Page: 429

View: 5996

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In vielen westlichen Ländern sind rechte, nationalistische Bewegungen auf dem Vormarsch. Wie ist es dazu gekommen? Arlie Russell Hochschild reiste ins Herz der amerikanischen Rechten, nach Louisiana, und suchte fünf Jahre lang das Gespräch mit ihren Landsleuten. Sie traf auf frustrierte Menschen, deren "Amerikanischer Traum" geplatzt ist; Menschen, die sich abgehängt fühlen, den Staat hassen und sich der rechtspopulistischen Tea-Party-Bewegung angeschlossen haben. Hochschild zeigt eine beunruhigende Entwicklung auf, die auch in Europa längst begonnen hat. Hochschilds Reportage ist nicht nur eine erhellende Deutung einer gespaltenen Gesellschaft, sondern auch ein bewegendes Stück Literatur. "Jeder, der das moderne Amerika verstehen möchte, sollte dieses faszinierende Buch lesen." Robert Reich "Ein kluges, respektvolles und fesselndes Buch." New York Times Book Review "Eine anrührende, warmherzige und souverän geschriebene, ungemein gut lesbare teilnehmende Beobachtung. ... Wer ihr Buch liest, versteht die Wähler Trumps, weil sie auf Augenhöhe mit ihnen und nicht über sie spricht." FAZ

New Critical Writings in Political Sociology

Volume Two: Conventional and Contentious Politics

Author: Alan Scott

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351964364

Category: Social Science

Page: 606

View: 7652

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The articles collected together in this volume are concerned with why and how people get involved in politics, whether through formal mechanisms such as voting, through some of the more informal means and settings of social movement networks and political protest, or through engagement in public debate. But just as important is the question of why people do not get involved in politics. What social conditions, ideas and values facilitate or discourage political activity? How is it that some people are systematically disempowered in democratic societies in comparison with others? What social forms offer the most promise for extending and deepening democracy? This volume brings togther the most seminal papers, which together form a record of how political sociologists since the 1970s have framed questions about the range and limits of democratic political engagement and developed concepts and methodologies in order to research the answers to those questions.

The Wiley-Blackwell Companion to Political Sociology

Author: Edwin Amenta,Kate Nash,Alan Scott

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1444355074

Category: Social Science

Page: 576

View: 5173

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The Wiley-Blackwell Companion to Political Sociology is a complete reference guide, reflecting the scope and quality of the discipline, and highlighting emerging topics in the field. Global in focus, offering up-to-date topics from an interdisciplinary, international set of scholars addressing key issues concerning globalization, social movements, and citizenship The majority of chapters are new, including those on environmental politics, international terrorism, security, corruption, and human rights Revises and updates all previously published chapters to include new themes and topics in political sociology Provides an overview of scholarship in the field, with chapters working independently and collectively to examine the full range of contributions to political sociology Offers a challenging yet accessible and complete reference guide for students and scholars

Trust and Social Transformation

Theoretical Approaches and Empirical Findings from Russia

Author: Heiko Schrader

Publisher: LIT Verlag Münster

ISBN: 9783825878665

Category: Social Science

Page: 206

View: 7922

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Literature on trust has experienced a continuous growth from the 1970s onward. The focus of sociological and political science theories is not so much on what trust is rather than what trust does (its function), where it comes from (its origin) and how it changes in course of time. Books on transformation in Eastem Europe, however, are mainly related to questions of system transfer and institutional change, rather than interpersonal relations within society that can constitute both an opportunity for, and an obstacle to social transformation. With this book German and Russian scholars intend to fill this gap. This collection includes theoretical papers, articles that link topics of trust and empirical/historical observations, and empirical research on trust and transformation.

Robert Michaels, Political Sociology And the Future of Democracy

Author: Juan José Linz

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 9781412833417

Category: Political Science

Page: 225

View: 3331

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These essays by the brilliant historian of political science Juan Linz comprise a remarkable intellectual review of the life and work of Robert Michels, his major book Political Parties, and the dimensions of democracy as a functioning system. Linz elucidates the importance of Michels in a way that offers more than a mechanical view of political parties as some sort of precisely ordered system of authority and influence. Instead, Michels offers a view of politics that is bottom up and untidy, what he calls a "reciprocal deference structure." Michels is not simply the father of the iron law of oligarchy, but the idea of politics as a less than orderly network of responsiveness, responsibility, and accountability. Linz demonstrates, with magisterial power, why Michels must be ranked as a foremost thinker in classical political sociology. The remaining three segments of the volume cover areas with which Linz has also long been identified. Each in its own way illumines aspects of Michels as well. "Time and Regime Change" articulates differences between change within a regime and change of a regime--sometimes hard to identify because of the elongated time frames involved. The next essay explains why Spain is neither a traditional society nor a successful modern nation. The reliance upon central authority displaced the hoped for evolution of a society based on representative democratic institutions. The final section. "Freedom and Autonomy of Intellectuals and Artists" is a topic that gripped Michels and Linz alike. Freedom as a goal of the intelligentsia has been frustrated by those who provide ideological justification for repression of ideas and actions in the name of higher values. This segment provides a bridge between Michels and Weber--not to mention both of these major figures with Linz himself. The role of state power in mediating intellectual freedom is the leitmotif that blankets the twentieth century. The work is graced by a full-length bibliography of the writings of Juan J. Linz, prepared by his student and colleague, H. E. Chehabi. Juan Linz is Sterling Professor Emeritus of Political and Social Science at Yale University. He is former Chairman of the Committee on Political Sociology of the International Sociological Association and the International Political Science Association.

Annual Review of the Sociology of Religion

Volume 3: New Methods in the Sociology of Religion

Author: Luigi Berzano,Ole Riis

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004176039

Category: Social Science

Page: 310

View: 9359

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Dealing with a single theme in each volume, the ARSR intends to tackle the relationship between the practices and the dynamics of everyday life and the different religions and spiritualities, within the framework of the post-secular society.

Emile Durkheim

Sociologist and Moralist

Author: Stephen Turner

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134869010

Category: Social Science

Page: 272

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International scholarship over the last twenty years has produced a new understanding of Emile Durkheim as a thinker. It has contributed to reassembling what, for Durkheim, was always a whole: a sociological selection on morals and moral activism. This volume presents an overview of Durkheim's thought and is representative of the best of contemporary Durkheim scholarship.

Schools and Schooling in the Digital Age

A Critical Analysis

Author: Neil Selwyn

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136894071

Category: Education

Page: 192

View: 4293

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This book presents a wide-ranging and critical exploration of a topic that lies at the heart of contemporary education. The use of digital technology is now a key feature of schools and schooling around the world. Yet despite its prominence, technology use continues to be an area of education that rarely receives sustained critical attention and thought, especially from those people who are most involved and affected by it. Technology tends to be something that many teachers, learners, parents, policy-makers and even academics approach as a routine rather than reflective matter. Tackling the wider picture, addressing the social, cultural, economic, political and commercial aspects of schools and schooling in the digital age, this book offers to make sense of what happens, and what does not happen, when the digital and the educational come together in the guise of schools technology. In particular, the book examines contemporary schooling in terms of social justice, equality and participatory democracy. Seeking to re-politicise an increasingly depoliticised area of educational debate and analysis, setting out to challenge the many contradictions that characterise the field of education technology today, the author concludes by suggesting what forms schools and schooling in the digital age could, and should, take. This is the perfect volume for anyone interested in the application and use of technology in education, as well as the education policy and politics that surround it; many will also find its innovative proposals for technology use an inspiration for their own teaching and learning.

Mapping the Sociology of Health and Medicine

America, Britain and Australia Compared

Author: F. Collyer

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137009314

Category: Social Science

Page: 325

View: 2814

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This book studies the sociology of health and medicine across three different countries, the USA, UK and Australia, examining the nature of disciplines and their specialties and posing sociological questions about the formation of intellectual fields and their social relations.

Emotional and Ethical Challenges for Field Research in Africa

The Story Behind the Findings

Author: S. Thomson,A. Ansoms,J. Murison

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 113726375X

Category: Social Science

Page: 169

View: 4444

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Academic literature rarely gives an account of the ethical challenges and emotional pitfalls the researcher is confronted with before, during and after being in the field. Giving personal accounts, the authors explore some of the challenges one can face when engaging in local-level research in difficult situations.

SLAPPs

Getting Sued for Speaking Out

Author: George William Pring,Penelope Canan

Publisher: Temple University Press

ISBN: 9781566393690

Category: Law

Page: 279

View: 5423

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In a democracy that for over 200 years has prided itself on public participation and citizen involvement in government, thousands have been and will be the targets of multi-million-dollar lawsuits. They will be sued for such "all-American" activities as circulating a petition, writing a letter to the editor, testifying at a public hearing, reporting violations of the law, filing an official complaint, lobbying for legislation, or otherwise communicating their views. Such cases, named "Strategic Lawsuits Against Public Participation," with their apropos acronym, SLAPPs, are a shocking abuse of one of our most basic political rights - the Right to Petition. So extensive and grievous is the phenomenon that Justice Nicholas Colabella remarked, "Short of a gun to the head, a greater threat to First Amendment expression can scarcely be imagined."George W. Pring and Penelope Canan explore the full range of SLAPP stories in this first study of SLAPPs - retaliatory lawsuits by real estate developers; teachers; police; politicians; opponents of civil rights; consumers' rights; women's rights; and many others. This comprehensive book examines what happens to the targets of SLAPPs and what is happening to public participation in American politics. Addressing the ultimate dilemma - what can be done to turn the tables and fight back - Pring and Canan offer concrete, well-supported, balanced solutions for preventing, managing, and curing SLAPPs at all levels of government. Author note: George W. Pring is Professor of Law at the University of Denver. >P>Penelope Canan is Associate Professor of Sociology at the University of Denver. They are the co-directors of the Political Litigation Project at the University of Denver.

Ausgewählte Schriften

Cultural studies : ein politisches Theorieprojekt / hrsg. und übers. von Nora Räthzel

Author: Stuart Hall

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783886192601

Category: Critical theory

Page: 158

View: 4260

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Sociology in Europe

In Search of Identity

Author: Birgitta Nedelmann,Piotr Sztompka

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 9783110138450

Category: Social Science

Page: 234

View: 3657

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The "European Revolution" of 1989 has not only brought about dramatic and far-reaching changes in the social structure of East and West European countries, but also in the social sciences. This volume is an attempt to evaluate how sociology has been affected by this dramatic event and how it has developed in the post-revolutionary period in some selected European countries. Ten eminent representatives of sociology from Austria, France, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Great Britain, Poland, and Scandinavia were presented with a set of questions which served as a common guideline for their contributions. Their answers can be summarized in the observation of the "interrelated diversity" of sociology in Europe today. The high heterogeneity and fragmentation, typical of contemporary sociological thought in Europe, are interrelated by a high degree of institutionalization and integration of sociology in the European university system. In addition, two prominent scholars from non-European countries, Japan and the US, present their views on sociology in Europe from outside. They declare the end of the period of one-sided flows of reception in sociology and foresee a strengthening of a two-way exchange between European and non-European social scientists in the twenty-first century.

Responding to Drugs Misuse

Research and Policy Priorities in Health and Social Care

Author: Senior Lecturer in Political Sociology Susanne MacGregor,Susanne MacGregor

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135211701

Category: Psychology

Page: 272

View: 8518

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Responding to Drug Misuse provides a unique insight into the current shape of the drugs treatment system in England. Reporting findings from research linked to the government's ten year drugs strategy Tackling Drugs to Build a Better Britain, the book places these in the context of policy, practice, and service development. It goes on to discuss the implications of these findings for the government’s new strategy Drugs: Protecting Families and Communities. Throughout the book contributors reflect on current debates on drug strategies and social policy and consider the relevance of the findings for policy and practice. Topics discussed include: recent trends in drug policy and how these link to crime responses of dedicated drug treatment services service users' perceptions and suggestions for improvement the impact of drug misuse on children, families and communities. This timely addition to the literature on drug misuse will be essential for substance use practitioners, including social workers, psychiatrists, psychologists and nurses. It will also supply helpful guidance for health and social care commissioners and policy providers.