Research Methods in Anthropology

Qualitative and Quantitative Approaches

Author: Harvey Russell Bernard

Publisher: Rowman Altamira

ISBN: 075911241X

Category: Social Science

Page: 666

View: 8940

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Research Methods in Anthropology is the standard textbook for methods classes in anthropology. Written in Russ Bernard's unmistakable conversational style, his guide has launched tens of thousands of students into the fieldwork enterprise with a combination of rigorous methodology, wry humor, and commonsense advice. Whether you are coming from a scientific, interpretive, or applied anthropological tradition, you will learn field methods from the best guide in both qualitative and quantitative methods.

Handbook of Methods in Cultural Anthropology

Author: H. Russell Bernard,Clarence C. Gravlee

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 0759120722

Category: Social Science

Page: 822

View: 7042

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Draws on both science and humanism to explore the scope of contemporary anthropological fieldwork in practice. This thoroughly revised second edition also features new chapters addressing online ethnography; mixed methods and social survey research; and network and geospatial analysis.

Social Research Methods

Qualitative and Quantitative Approaches

Author: H. Russell Bernard,Harvey Russell Bernard

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1412978548

Category: Social Science

Page: 788

View: 6482

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This book explains and demonstrates to students when to use and how to apply the quantitative and qualitative techniques that they'll need to do their own social research. Using actual examples from psychology, sociology, anthropology, health and education, the book provides readers with both a conceptual understanding of each technique as well as showing them how to use it.

Analyzing Qualitative Data

Systematic Approaches

Author: H. Russell Bernard,Amber Wutich,Gery W. Ryan

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1483347109

Category: Social Science

Page: 576

View: 7912

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The fully updated Second Edition of Analyzing Qualitative Data: Systematic Approaches by H. Russell Bernard, Amber Wutich, and Gery W. Ryan presents systematic methods for analyzing qualitative data with clear and easy-to-understand steps. The first half is an overview of the basics, from choosing a topic to collecting data, and coding to finding themes, while the second half covers different methods of analysis, including grounded theory, content analysis, analytic induction, semantic network analysis, ethnographic decision modeling, and more. Real examples drawn from social science and health literature along with carefully crafted, hands-on exercises at the end of each chapter allow readers to master key techniques and apply them to their own disciplines.

Research methods in cultural anthropology

Author: Harvey Russell Bernard

Publisher: Sage Publications, Inc

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 520

View: 2648

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This is a major textbook in research methods for cultural anthropologists by a world-renowned scholar. The text reflects the significant changes that have taken place in the study of anthropology over the last decade, and includes many examples from real field projects. The author lays out the major methods of designing research and collecting and analyzing data in a systematic, scientific fashion. He addresses today's anthropologist's concern with applied work, quantification, sampling and validity, balanced with discussions of more traditional methods. In addition to standard methodological topics, Bernard includes sections on choosing the right research project; taking, managing and coding field notes; and conducting comprehensive litera

Participant Observation

A Guide for Fieldworkers

Author: Kathleen M. DeWalt,Billie R. DeWalt

Publisher: Rowman Altamira

ISBN: 0759119279

Category: Social Science

Page: 278

View: 7527

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Explores participant observation in this guide to the systematic collection of data in naturalistic settings - communities in many different cultures - to achieve an understanding of the most fundamental processes and patterns of social life.

Qualitative Methods in Public Health

A Field Guide for Applied Research

Author: Elizabeth E. Tolley,Priscilla R. Ulin,Natasha Mack,Elizabeth T. Robinson,Stacey M. Succop

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118834674

Category: Medical

Page: 480

View: 744

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Qualitative Methods in Public Health: A Field Guide for Applied Research, 2nd Edition provides a practical orientation to conducting effective qualitative research in the public health sphere. With thorough examination and simple explanations, this book guides you through the logic and workflow of qualitative approaches, with step-by-step guidance on every phase of the research. Students learn how to identify and make use of theoretical frameworks to guide your study, design the study to answer specific questions, and achieve their research goals. Data collection, analysis, and interpretation are given close attention as the backbone of a successful study, and expert insight on reporting and dissemination helps you get your work noticed. This second edition features new examples from global health, including case studies specifically illustrating study design, web and mobile technologies, mixed methods, and new innovations in information dissemination. Pedagogical tools have been added to help enhance your understanding of research design and implementation, and extensive appendices show you how these concepts work in practice. Qualitative research is a powerful tool for public health, but it's very easy to get it wrong. Careful study design and data management are critical, and it's important to resist drawing conclusions that the data cannot support. This book shows you how to conduct high-quality qualitative research that stands up to review.

Integrating Qualitative and Quantitative Methods

A Pragmatic Approach

Author: David Morgan

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1483313662

Category: Social Science

Page: 288

View: 8785

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Focusing on research designs for projects that collect both qualitative and quantitative data, David L. Morgan’s Integrating Qualitative and Quantitative Methods: A Pragmatic Approach discusses strategies for bringing qualitative and quantitative methods together so that their combined strengths accomplish more than is possible with a single method. The approach is broadly interdisciplinary, reflecting the interest in mixed methods research across the social sciences. In contrast to an “anything goes” approach or a naïve hope that “two methods are better than one,” the author argues that projects using mixed methods must pay even more attention to research design than single method approaches. The book’s practical emphasis on mixed methods makes it useful both to active researchers and to students who intend to pursue such a career. Chapter 1 is available for review on the publisher's website, and provides a comprehensive introduction that is appropriate for assessing the overall content of this informative book.

Living the Ethnographic Life

Author: Dan Rose

Publisher: SAGE Publications, Incorporated

ISBN: 9780803939998

Category: Social Science

Page: 64

View: 4127

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Rose makes a passionate plea to break down the corporate mould of ethnography and reshape it as a democratic form of thinking and being. He links the origins of ethnography with the travel journals left by colonizing European traders, merchants and soldiers, then shows to what extent modern ethnography, centred on corporate organized universities, has adopted this imperial philosophy and structure. By breaking away from this model he offers an alternative which is concerned with its subject and which links the life of the ethnographer to the ethnography. Through the use of poem, story and epigraph as well as scholarly analysis, Rose opens up the window on the possibility of ethnography as a way of life.

Research Methods in Human Rights

Author: Lee McConnell,Rhona Smith

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 131737374X

Category: Law

Page: 170

View: 8143

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Research Methods in Human Rights introduces the reader to key methodological approaches to Human Rights research in a clear and accessible way. Drawing on the expertise of a panel of contributors, the text clearly explains the key theories and methods commonly used in Human Rights research and provides guidance on when each approach is appropriate. It addresses such approaches to Human Rights research as qualitative methods, quantitative analysis, critical ethnography and comparative approaches, supported by a wide range of geographic case studies and with reference to a wide range of subject areas. The book suggests further reading and directs the reader to excellent examples from research outputs of each method in practice. This book is essential reading for students with backgrounds in law as well as political and social sciences who wish to understand more about the methods and ethics of conducting Human Rights research.

Educational Research and Inquiry

Qualitative and Quantitative Approaches

Author: Dimitra Hartas

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1474243827

Category: Education

Page: 384

View: 3326

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This comprehensive textbook encourages the reader to contextualise their understanding of quantitative and qualitative research methods by drawing links between the research question and its theoretical framework with the choice of the quantitative/qualitative methodology and analyses. It encourages a theoretical appreciation of the field of inquiry and to balance the emphasis on methods with reviewing the literature and understanding the wider context of research. Each chapter contains user-friendly features, such as: key terms, summaries, case studies, examples and suggested further reading. Exercises are suggested throughout the text, encouraging the reader to look at easily accessible data sets and use prompts to formulate research questions and produce a mini study. A companion website supports the text, providing easy access to supporting material, including revision questions and an annotated list of useful websites. This text will be invaluable reading for students on Research Methods in Education MA programmes, as well as those embarking upon their PhD, EdD or MPhil in education. Research fellows and other educational researchers will also find this book a useful resource.

Qualitative-quantitative Research Methodology

Exploring the Interactive Continuum

Author: Isadore Newman,Carolyn R. Benz

Publisher: SIU Press

ISBN: 9780809321506

Category: Science

Page: 218

View: 5939

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Through graphic and narrative descriptions, Newman and Benz show research to be a holistic endeavor in the world of inquiry. To clarify their argument, they provide a diagram of the "qualitative-quantitative interactive continuum" showing that qualitative analysis with its feedback loops can easily modify the types of research questions asked in quantitative analysis research and that the quantitative analysis results and its feedback can change what will be asked qualitatively.

Stumbling Toward Truth

Anthropologists at Work

Author: Philip R. DeVita

Publisher: Waveland Press

ISBN: 1478608552

Category: Social Science

Page: 272

View: 2705

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The essayists in Stumbling Toward Truth are anthropologists who have paused to share personal experiences that uncover important truths theyve learned by living with and trying to understand others. The twenty-nine poignant fieldwork tales collected here reveal much about what anthropology can teach about others as well as ourselves, the spirit of the ethnographic enterprise, and issues of crosscultural humanity and humaneness. Readers will discover from these once-private stories from around the world that much of what anthropologists learn about themselves and others is totally unanticipated. Oftentimes, cultural truths and unexpected realities are stumbled upon. These lessons, none for which social science training offered adequate preparation, remain perhaps the most memorable and critical of fieldwork.

Qualitative Research Methods in Consumer Psychology

Ethnography and Culture

Author: Paul Hackett

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 1317690273

Category: Psychology

Page: 336

View: 2673

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While consumer research is founded on traditional quantitative approaches, the insight produced through qualitative research methods within consumer settings has not gone unnoticed. The culturally situated consumer, who is in intimate dialogue with their physical, virtual and social surroundings, has become integral to understanding the psychology behind consumer choices. This volume presents readers with theoretical and applied approaches to using qualitative research methods in ethnographic studies looking at consumer behavior. It brings together an international group of leading scholars in the field of consumer research, with educational and professional backgrounds in marketing, advertising, business, education, therapy and health. Researchers, teaching faculty, and students in the field of consumer and social psychology will benefit from the applied examples of qualitative and ethnographic consumer research this volume presents.

Using Narrative in Social Research

Qualitative and Quantitative Approaches

Author: Jane Elliott

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1848600666

Category: Social Science

Page: 232

View: 421

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'Jane Elliott's examination of the use of "narrative" within the broad context of social science inquiry is a must-read for both qualitative and quantitative researchers, novice and expert alike' - Journal of Advanced Nursing `This important book does an impressive job of synthesising a complex literature and bringing together both qualitative and quantitative methods of narrative analysis. It will become a milestone in the development of narrative methods. Although ground-breaking in many ways, it is very clearly written and accessible to readers from a wide variety of backgrounds and methodological experience' - Nigel Gilbert, University of Surrey `An elegantly written, scholarly and accessible text. Jane Elliott shows a sophisticated appreciation of contemporary methodological developments, and makes a persuasive case for the use of narrative approaches in both qualitative and quantitative research. The book challenges and advances debates about combining methods, and shows how stories can work within and across conventional research boundaries. It is a truly original contribution to the literature' - Amanda Coffey, Cardiff School of Social Sciences `An outstanding book. Jane Elliott breaks new ground by demonstrating to new generations of social scientists how the power of narrative can fruitfully be harnessed in social research. This is a "must read" book' - Professor Mike Savage, University of Manchester This is a lucid and accessible introduction to narrative methods in social research. It is also an important book about the nature, role and theoretical basis of research methodology in general. Jane Elliott instructs the reader on the basic methods and methodological assumptions that form the basis of narrative methods. She does so in a way that is practical and accessible and in a way that will make the book a favourite with students and experienced researchers alike. Elliott argues that both qualitative and quantitative methods are characterised by a concern with narrative, and that our research data can best be analyzed if it is seen in narrative terms. In concrete, step-by-step terms she details for the reader how to go about collecting data and how to subject that data to narrative analysis, while at the same time placing this process in its wider theoretical context. She works across the traditional quantitative/qualitative divide to set out the ways in which narrative researchers can uncover such issues as social change, causality and social identity. She also shows how the techniques and skills used by qualitative researchers can be deployed when doing quantitative research and, similarly, how qualitative researchers can sometimes profit from using quantitative skills and techniques. "This book provides both a fascinating and a challenging read. What sets this text apart from other books on research methodology and methods is that it does not focus exclusively on either quantitative or qualitative research approaches, but rather attempts to bridge the divide. The book should be compulsory reading not only for those aspiring to undertake narrative research and those students undertaking higher degree research courses, but also for those more experienced researches wishing to explore contemporary issues in research methods and methodology. As a recent recruit to a lecturer-practitioner post with little recnt experience in the subject area covered by this book, i found it met my needs very well. I would certainly recomment this book for purchase." Dr Andrew Pettipher, University of Nottingham, UK.

Social Research Methods

Author: Maggie Walter

Publisher: OUP Australia & New Zealand

ISBN: 9780195520170

Category: Reference

Page: 528

View: 1933

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Social Research Methods, Third Edition, is a comprehensive and practical introduction to a wide range of research methods and practices. Each chapter is written by an active research practitioner and presented in a framework of Australian research.

Doing Fieldwork in Japan

Author: Theodore C. Bestor,Patricia G. Steinhoff,Victoria Lyon-Bestor

Publisher: University of Hawaii Press

ISBN: 9780824827342

Category: Social Science

Page: 414

View: 5703

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Doing Fieldwork in Japan taps the expertise of North American and European specialists on the practicalities of conducting long-term research in the social sciences and cultural studies. In lively first-person accounts, they discuss their successes and failures doing fieldwork across rural and urban Japan in a wide range of settings: among religious pilgrims and adolescent consumers; on factory assembly lines and in high schools and wholesale seafood markets; with bureaucrats in charge of defense, foreign aid, and social welfare policy; inside radical political movements; among adherents of New Religions; inside a prosecutor's office and the JET Program for foreign English teachers; with journalists in the NHK newsroom; while researching race, ethnicity, and migration; and amidst fans and consumers of contemporary popular culture. Contributors: David M. Arase, Theodore C. Bestor, Victoria Lyon Bestor, Mary C. Brinton, John Creighton Campbell, Samuel Coleman, Suzanne Culter, Andrew Gordon, Helen Hardacre, Joy Hendry, David T. Johnson, Ellis S. Krauss, David L. McConnell, Ian Reader, Glenda S. Roberts, Joshua Hotaka Roth, Robert J. Smith, Sheila A. Smith, Patricia G. Steinhoff, Merry Isaacs White, Christine R. Yano.

Q-Squared

Combining Qualitative and Quantitative Approaches in Poverty Analysis

Author: Paul Shaffer

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191664596

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 176

View: 6455

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This book examines the underlying assumptions and implications of how we conceptualise and investigate poverty. The empirical entry point for such inquiry is a series of research initiatives that have used mixed method, combined qualitative and quantitative, or Q-Squared ( Q2) approaches, to poverty analysis. The Q2 literature highlights the vast range of analytical tools within the social sciences that may be used to understand and explain social phenomena, along with interesting research results. This literature serves as a lens to probe issues about knowledge claims made in poverty debates concerning who are the poor (identification analysis) and why they are poor (causal analysis). Implicitly or explicitly, questions are raised about the reasons for emphasising different dimensions of poverty and favouring different units of knowledge, the basis for distinguishing valid and invalid claims, the meaning of causation, and the nature of causal inference, and so forth. Q2 provides an entry point to address foundational issues about assumptions underlying approaches to poverty, and applied issues about the strengths and limitations of different research methods and the ways they may be fruitfully combined. Together, the strands of this inquiry make a case for methodological pluralism on the grounds that knowledge is partial, empirical adjudication imperfect, social phenomena complex, and mixed methods add value for understanding and explanation. Ultimately, the goals of understanding and explanation are best served if research questions dictate the choice of methodological approach rather than the other way around.

The 5 Things You Need to Know about Statistics

Quantification in Ethnographic Research

Author: William W Dressler

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1315419351

Category: Social Science

Page: 165

View: 1976

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The 5 Things You Need to Know about Statistics provides an accessible introduction to statistical thinking for anthropologists and other social scientists who feel some mixture of dread and loathing when it comes to quantification and data analysis. It is not so much an introduction to statistics as a primer on how to think statistically in order to do precise ethnographic studies. Readers will be empowered by the realization that statistics is not an arcane, enigmatical science but a set of tools for learning about the world in which we live. Unlike other books on statistics for beginners, this book-guides readers through the underlying logic of the major statistical methods before applying those methods in interpreting ethnographic research, thus emphasizing understanding of quantitative methods;-uses a single data set in explaining each method, allowing readers to grasp how different methods offer varying interpretations of the data;-discusses increasingly complex techniques in plain, easy-to-understand language intended for beginning students.;-covers five central ideas: central tendency, dispersion, Chi-square, ANOVA, correlation;-shows readers how to use these quantitative statistical methods in doing real-life ethnographic fieldwork.