Research Synthesis and Meta-Analysis

A Step-by-Step Approach

Author: Harris Cooper

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1483347044

Category: Social Science

Page: 384

View: 8933

The Fifth Edition of Harris Cooper's bestselling Research Synthesis and Meta-Analysis: A Step-by-Step Approach offers practical advice on how to conduct a synthesis of research in the social, behavioral, and health sciences. The book is written in plain language with four running examples drawn from psychology, education, and health science. With ample coverage of literature searching and the technical aspects of meta-analysis, this one-of-a-kind book applies the basic principles of sound data gathering to the task of producing a comprehensive assessment of existing research.

The Handbook of Research Synthesis and Meta-Analysis

Author: Harris Cooper,Larry V. Hedges,Jeffrey C. Valentine

Publisher: Russell Sage Foundation

ISBN: 1610441389

Category: Social Science

Page: 632

View: 2115

Praise for the first edition: “The Handbook is a comprehensive treatment of literature synthesis and provides practical advice for anyone deep in the throes of, just teetering on the brink of, or attempting to decipher a meta-analysis. Given the expanding application and importance of literature synthesis, understanding both its strengths and weaknesses is essential for its practitioners and consumers. This volume is a good beginning for those who wish to gain that understanding.” —Chance “Meta-analysis, as the statistical analysis of a large collection of results from individual studies is called, has now achieved a status of respectability in medicine. This respectability, when combined with the slight hint of mystique that sometimes surrounds meta-analysis, ensures that results of studies that use it are treated with the respect they deserve....The Handbook of Research Synthesis is one of the most important publications in this subject both as a definitive reference book and a practical manual.”—British Medical Journal When the first edition of The Handbook of Research Synthesis was published in 1994, it quickly became the definitive reference for researchers conducting meta-analyses of existing research in both the social and biological sciences. In this fully revised second edition, editors Harris Cooper, Larry Hedges, and Jeff Valentine present updated versions of the Handbook’s classic chapters, as well as entirely new sections reporting on the most recent, cutting-edge developments in the field. Research synthesis is the practice of systematically distilling and integrating data from a variety of sources in order to draw more reliable conclusions about a given question or topic. The Handbook of Research Synthesis and Meta-Analysis draws upon years of groundbreaking advances that have transformed research synthesis from a narrative craft into an important scientific process in its own right. Cooper, Hedges, and Valentine have assembled leading authorities in the field to guide the reader through every stage of the research synthesis process—problem formulation, literature search and evaluation, statistical integration, and report preparation. The Handbook of Research Synthesis and Meta-Analysis incorporates state-of-the-art techniques from all quantitative synthesis traditions. Distilling a vast technical literature and many informal sources, the Handbook provides a portfolio of the most effective solutions to the problems of quantitative data integration. Among the statistical issues addressed by the authors are the synthesis of non-independent data sets, fixed and random effects methods, the performance of sensitivity analyses and model assessments, and the problem of missing data. The Handbook of Research Synthesis and Meta-Analysis also provides a rich treatment of the non-statistical aspects of research synthesis. Topics include searching the literature, and developing schemes for gathering information from study reports. Those engaged in research synthesis will also find useful advice on how tables, graphs, and narration can be used to provide the most meaningful communication of the results of research synthesis. In addition, the editors address the potentials and limitations of research synthesis, and its future directions. The past decade has been a period of enormous growth in the field of research synthesis. The second edition Handbook thoroughly revises original chapters to assure that the volume remains the most authoritative source of information for researchers undertaking meta-analysis today. In response to the increasing use of research synthesis in the formation of public policy, the second edition includes a new chapter on both the strengths and limitations of research synthesis in policy debates

The Handbook of Research Synthesis

Author: Harris Cooper,Larry V. Hedges

Publisher: Russell Sage Foundation

ISBN: 1610441370

Category: Social Science

Page: 592

View: 7152

“The Handbook is a comprehensive treatment of literature synthesis and provides practical advice for anyone deep in the throes of, just teetering on the brink of, or attempting to decipher a meta-analysis. Given the expanding application and importance of literature synthesis, understanding both its strengths and weaknesses is essential for its practitioners and consumers. This volume is a good beginning for those who wish to gain that understanding.” —Chance “Meta-analysis, as the statistical analysis of a large collection of results from individual studies is called, has now achieved a status of respectability in medicine. This respectability, when combined with the slight hint of mystique that sometimes surrounds meta-analysis, ensures that results of studies that use it are treated with the respect they deserve....The Handbook of Research Synthesis is one of the most important publications in this subject both as a definitive reference book and a practical manual.”—British Medical Journal The Handbook of Research Synthesis is the definitive reference and how-to manual for behavioral and medical scientists applying the craft of research synthesis. It draws upon twenty years of ground-breaking advances that have transformed the practice of synthesizing research literature from an art into a scientific process in its own right. Editors Harris Cooper and Larry V. Hedges have brought together leading authorities to guide the reader through every stage of the research synthesis process—problem formulation, literature search and evaluation, statistical integration, and report preparation. The Handbook of Research Synthesis incorporates in a single volume state-of-the-art techniques from all quantitative synthesis traditions, including Bayesian inference and the meta-analytic approaches. Distilling a vast technical literature and many informal sources, the Handbook provides a portfolio of the most effective solutions to problems of quantitative data integration. The Handbook of Research Synthesis also provides a rich treatment of the non-statistical aspects of research synthesis. Topics include searching the literature, managing reference databases and registries, and developing coding schemes. Those engaged in research synthesis will also find useful advice on how tables, graphs, and narration can be deployed to provide the most meaningful communication of the results of research synthesis. The Handbook of Research Synthesis is an illuminating compilation of practical instruction, theory, and problem solving. It provides an accumulation of knowledge about the craft of reviewing a scientific literature that can be found in no other single source. The Handbook offers the reader thorough instruction in the skills necessary to conduct powerful research syntheses meeting the highest standards of objectivity, systematicity, and rigor demanded of scientific enquiry. This definitive work will represent the state of the art in research synthesis for years to come.

Sozialwissenschaftliche Forschungsmethoden - Das narrative Interview nach Fritz Schütze

Author: Christian Bruno von Klobuczynski

Publisher: GRIN Verlag

ISBN: 3638789624


Page: 52

View: 9996

Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 1999 im Fachbereich Soziologie - Methodologie und Methoden, Note: 2,0, Universitat Kassel, Veranstaltung: Seminar - Einfuhrung in die Methoden der empirischen Sozialforschung, 43 Quellen im Literaturverzeichnis, Sprache: Deutsch, Anmerkungen: Die Arbeit ist eine Einfuhrung in die qualitative Forschungsmethode "Narratives Interview," welches von Fritz Schutze an der Gesamthochschule Kassel entwickelt wurde., Abstract: Die vorliegende Arbeit entstand 1999 als universitare Hausarbeit. Der Autor gibt eine Einfuhrung in die qualitative Forschungsmethode "Narratives Interview." Obwohl in zahlreichen wissenschaftlichen Abhandlungen erwahnt, ist diese von Prof. Fritz Schutze in Kassel entwickelte Forschungsmethode, bis dahin nicht umfassend dargestellt worden. Diese Arbeit bietet einen ersten umfassenden Einblick in diese Interviewtechnik und enthalt neben Auszugen aus einem vom Autor durchgefuhrten Interview, auch eine ausfuhrliche Literaturliste. Fur Studenten, Biografen und Interviewer ist diese Arbeit ein geeigneter Einstieg in das Thema.

Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis

Author: Jacqueline Corcoran,Vijayan Pillai

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199716869

Category: Social Science

Page: 216

View: 6695

When used in tandem, systematic reviews and meta-analysis-- two distinct but highly compatible approaches to research synthesis-- form a powerful, scientific approach to analyzing previous studies. But to see their full potential, a social work researcher must be versed in the foundational processes underlying them. This pocket guide to Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis illuminates precisely that practical groundwork. In clear, step-by-step terms, the authors explain how to format topics, locate and screen studies, extract and assess data, pool effect sizes, determine bias, and interpret the results, showing readers how to combine reviewing and meta-analysis correctly and effectively. Each chapter contains vivid social work examples and concludes with a concise summary and notes on further reading, while the book's glossary and handy checklists and sample search and data extraction forms maximize the boo'ks usefulness. Highlighting the concepts necessary to understand, critique, and conduct research synthesis, this brief and highly readable introduction is a terrific resource for students and researchers alike.

Advances in Meta-Analysis

Author: Terri Pigott

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461422779

Category: Mathematics

Page: 155

View: 1055

This book describes multivariate analyses for several indices commonly used in meta-analysis, outlines how to do power analysis for meta-analysis, and examines issues around research quality and research design and their roles in synthesis.


Quantitative Methods for Research Synthesis

Author: Fredric Marc Wolf,Fredric M. Wolf

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780803927568

Category: Medical

Page: 65

View: 4119

Meta-Analysis shows concisely, yet comprehensively, how to apply statistical methods to achieve a literature review of a common research domain. It demonstrates the use of combined tests and measures of effect size to synthesize quantitatively the results of independent studies for both group differences and correlations. Strengths and weaknesses of alternative approaches, as well as of meta-analysis in general, are presented.

Handbook of Meta-analysis in Ecology and Evolution

Author: Julia Koricheva,Jessica Gurevitch,Kerrie Mengersen

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 0691137293

Category: Mathematics

Page: 498

View: 9523

Meta-analysis is a powerful statistical methodology for synthesizing research evidence across independent studies. This is the first comprehensive handbook of meta-analysis written specifically for ecologists and evolutionary biologists, and it provides an invaluable introduction for beginners as well as an up-to-date guide for experienced meta-analysts. The chapters, written by renowned experts, walk readers through every step of meta-analysis, from problem formulation to the presentation of the results. The handbook identifies both the advantages of using meta-analysis for research synthesis and the potential pitfalls and limitations of meta-analysis (including when it should not be used). Different approaches to carrying out a meta-analysis are described, and include moment and least-square, maximum likelihood, and Bayesian approaches, all illustrated using worked examples based on real biological datasets. This one-of-a-kind resource is uniquely tailored to the biological sciences, and will provide an invaluable text for practitioners from graduate students and senior scientists to policymakers in conservation and environmental management. Walks you through every step of carrying out a meta-analysis in ecology and evolutionary biology, from problem formulation to result presentation Brings together experts from a broad range of fields Shows how to avoid, minimize, or resolve pitfalls such as missing data, publication bias, varying data quality, nonindependence of observations, and phylogenetic dependencies among species Helps you choose the right software Draws on numerous examples based on real biological datasets

Meta-Study of Qualitative Health Research

A Practical Guide to Meta-Analysis and Meta-Synthesis

Author: Barbara L. Paterson

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780761924159

Category: Medical

Page: 162

View: 7533

Meta-study is an exciting new opportunity for the analysis and synthesis of qualitative research findings. Over the last two decades, a wide range of methods and approaches originating from the social and health sciences have provided a wealth of new knowledge sources from which to develop theory. This book provides step-by-step directions for how to conduct a meta-study, as well as recommendations for tools and standards for the application of this approach. Meta-study entails an exhaustive analysis of the theory, method, and findings of research in a substantive area. These analytic processes form the foundation upon which a credible synthesis of new knowledge can be explored. Meta-study permits investigators to: { look beyond individual findings { critically interpret variations and contradictions in the body of available research { move toward the potential for knowledge synthesis The authors of this timely volume: { differentiate between meta-analysis and meta-synthesis { write in a how-to style { illustrate each step with examples from their own meta-study projects in the substantive field of chronic illness { use their own experience with performing a meta-study to explain the process, including past mistakes and retrospective insight

An Introduction to Qualitative Research Synthesis

Managing the Information Explosion in Social Science Research

Author: Claire Howell Major,Maggi Savin-Baden

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136616128

Category: Education

Page: 200

View: 5252

Providing a comprehensive guide for understanding, interpreting and synthesizing qualitative studies, An Introduction to Qualitative Research Synthesis shows how data can be collated together effectively to summarise existing bodies of knowledge and to create a more complete picture of findings across different studies The authors describe qualitative research synthesis and argue for its use, describing the process of data analysis, synthesis and interpretation and provide specific details and examples of how the approach works in practice. This accessible book: fully explains the qualitative research synthesis approach; provides advice and examples of findings; describes the process of establishing credibility in the research process; provides annotated examples of the work in process; references published examples of the approach across a wide variety of fields. Helping researchers to understand, make meaning and synthesize a wide variety of datasets, this book is broad in scope yet practical in approach. It will be beneficial to those working in social science disciplines, including researchers, teachers, students and policy makers, especially those interested in methods of synthesis such as meta-ethnography, qualitative meta-analysis, qualitative meta-synthesis, interpretive synthesis, narrative synthesis, and qualitative systematic review.

Meta-Analysis for Public Management and Policy

Author: Evan Ringquist

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118240499

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 592

View: 8031

Praise for Meta-Analysis for Public Management and Policy "In his usual rigorous but readable style, Evan Ringquist andco-author Mary Anderson have produced a tour-de-force on the topicof meta-analysis in public policy and managementresearch. Meta-analysis is badly needed in the all-too-commonsituation when researchers have low confidence in summarizing theoverall results of dozens of studies on the effectiveness of somepolicy. This book has a nice combination of conceptualoverview, methodological details, and applications that will makeit possible for researchers to conduct their ownmeta-analysis. It is tempting to require all graduate studentsto write a meta-analysis as a chapter in their dissertation, orinclude meta-analysis as a standard offering in the researchmethods curriculum of social science graduate programs. Themore people that adopt Ringquist and Anderson's approach, the lessresources will be wasted on conducting studies that do notcontribute to cumulative scientific knowledge. " —Mark Lubell Department of Environmental Science and Policy Director, Center for Environmental Policy and Behavior Universityof California-Davis “Ringquist and his colleagues deliver value and add tocanon of public management methods by delivering an analyticalframework that makes the case for systematic research using thetools of meta-analysis. This book will be a must read for allcommitted to strengthening evidence-based research that improvespublic policy and management decision making.” —David M. Van Slyke The Maxwell School of Citizenship and Public Affairs SyracuseUniversity “In Meta-Analysis for Public Management and Policy EvanRingquist and his colleagues provide a lucid and practical roadmapfor policy and public management scholars who use meta-analysis intheir research. But this is more than a “how to”volume; it provides background on why meta-analysis is a potentmeans for accumulating and synthesizing empirical researchfindings, and shows how its use has evolved in recent decades.Specific applications of meta-analysis to long-standing policy andmanagement debates are given, essentially providing an array ofdeveloped “templates” through which scholars andpractitioners can assess how to approach different kinds ofanalytical problems using meta-analysis. Particularly valuable tome is the careful development and presentation of the necessarystages of meta-analysis, from conceptualization through data codingand bias assessment to advanced modeling. All of the statisticalanalyses can be conducted in Stata, utilizing readily available“.ado” modules. I will use this book, both inresearch and in the classroom. Overall it is one of the most usefulmethodological contributions I’ve seen in sometime.” —Hank Jenkins-Smith Department of Political Science Director, Center for Applied SocialResearch University of Oklahoma “Meta-Analysis for Public Management and Policy conveysthe considerable untapped potential of meta-analysis to strengthenand advance bodies of knowledge and evidence in public managementand policy. This book takes students and researchers deepinto the methods of meta-analysis and details of their empiricalapplication, without losing sight of the important policy questionsand the implications of choices that researchers make in theirempirical work for the production of evidence for public managersand policymakers. This book will serve as an excellentpractical guide for those conducting their first meta-analysis,while at the same time supporting critically-focused consumption ofexisting meta-analyses and discussion of where the field cangainfully take this approach to enhance our research and knowledgebases. It draws in a range of valuable and important examplesof applications of meta-analysis techniques throughout the book androunds off with four full-fledged applications of themethod. Although the book reaches out to an audience of publicmanagement and policy researchers and consumers of this research,it should be of interest to a broad range of applied social scienceresearchers and students as well.” —Carolyn Heinrich Sid Richardson Professor of Public Affairs Director, Center forHealth and Social Policy LBJ School of Public Affairs University ofTexas – Austin “Even for incredibly specialized techniques, publicmanagement and policy scholars have a multiplicity of methods textsfrom which to choose. Yet it is truly surprising that a strongguide to applied meta-analysis — a rigorous framework for theorganization of empirical findings — has not beenavailable. Ringquist and Anderson provided just that with anaccessible guide to sophisticated techniques. Marryingan instructive text to a set of exemplary standalone studies,Meta-Analysis for Public Management and Policy offers unparalleledguidance for instructors and students and more than a little wisdomfor seasoned scholars. It is destined to become the standardreference for our field.” —Anthony Michael Bertelli CC Crawford Chair in Management and Performance USC Price School ofPublic Policy USC Gould School of Law University of SouthernCalifornia “This comprehensive treatment of meta-analysis is anexcellent guide for scholars and students in public management andpublic policy. The carefully done exposition demonstrates whymeta-analysis should have greater use in theprofession.” —Kenneth J. Meier Charles H. Gregory Chair in Liberal Arts Department of PoliticalScience Texas A&M University “This remarkable book reviews the history of the use ofmeta-analysis in the social sciences, argues forcefully for itsimportance, value, and relevance for public managers, and providesone-stop-shopping for those who want to learn how to do it orunderstand how others have done it. The detailed coverage ofeach step in the process allows a student to learn the techniquecompletely while fully understanding the logic and intellectualgoals of the enterprise. Most importantly, the authors reviewtechniques from a range of disciplines, drawing most of theirpositive suggestions from the field of medical statistics ratherthan the social sciences. The examples and applications, onthe other hand, stem from the world of government and publicpolicy. Four chapters provide new syntheses of research onindividual policies using the techniques and practices introducedin the earlier chapters. The result is original research, astrong argument for the value of meta-analysis in a field(political science and public administration) that uses it little,and a complete tool-kit for those who would want to apply thesepowerful ideas on their own. A very impressive and usefultext.” —Frank R. Baumgartner Richard J. Richardson Distinguished Professor Department ofPolitical Science University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill “Meta-analysis is a valuable tool for accumulatingknowledge about how management matters from across a range ofpolicy areas and disciplines. It is also an underused tool, inlarge part because of the lack of a comprehensive and useable guideon the topic. Ringquist remedies this problem by offering clearinstruction on how to apply the technique wisely, as well as highlyuseful empirical demonstrations. The field of public managementneeds this excellent book.” —Donald Moynihan Professor of Public Affairs University ofWisconsin-Madison “Professors and students frequently face decisions abouthow deeply to invest in a statistical procedure, a new technology,a new theory, or some other development in their discipline. The authors of Meta-Analysis for Public Management and Policysupport such a decision about meta-analysis by making a convincingcase for its value and increasing utilization, including such stepsas a careful consideration of criticisms of the method. EvanRingquist then provides clearly, engagingly written chapters on themajor concepts, procedures, and issues in the techniques ofmeta-analysis. His coauthors then provideeffectively-presented examples of meta-analytic studies about suchtopics as school voucher effectiveness, public service motivationand performance, and public sector performance management. The accessible and reader-friendly explanations, coupled with theillustrative examples that walk the reader through how to do it,make this a distinctively effective methodological text. Inso doing, it offers a distinctively valuable resource for those ofus who want to learn more about this important statisticalmethod.” —Hal Rainey Alumni Foundation Distinguished Professor Department of PublicAdministration and Policy University of Georgia “James Heckman’s Nobel lecture described thecombined influence of micro surveys, advances in computers andsoftware, and the development and dissemination of multivariatestatistical methods on applied economic research. His commentsapply equally well to empirical research throughout the socialsciences. These forces have created a “flood ofnumbers” and advances in technology since he wrote about themhave assured that the process is accelerating. We need to transformthe ways we learn from empirical analyses and create a science forthe analysis of the secondary data from applied statistical andeconometric models. This science would include methods forsummarizing what has been learned from estimates and tests. Itwould provide methods for diagnostic screening of results to gaugethe importance of modeling assumptions and the types of primarydata for the findings being reported. Finally, it may well lead tothe development of meta-models—integrating findings intendedto describe a single system but viewed thru distinctive empiricallenses. Meta-analysis is a method that takes an important step indeveloping this science. It is a collection of methods that is aproduct of the transformation in applied research in the past halfcentury. Initially much of this research was the domain of socialscientists working on the evaluation of educational interventions.In these applications the primary data from different studies wereroutinely available, but the outcome and control variables differedacross studies. As a result, the focus for these meta-analyses wason data combination with multiple, distinctive measures for assetof latent variables associated with the hypothesized underlyingprocess. The texts describing meta-analysis focused on thesesituations. As applications of meta-analysis expanded to economics,political science, and sociology, the data structures changed. Thenew data came from empirical models –as estimated parametersor summaries of test results. The challenges posed in developingthese types of data and understanding what they reveal weredistinctly different. A text developed by scholars who appreciatehow these types of summaries are different was missing untilRingquist and Anderson’s Meta Analysis for Public Managementand Policy. Explaining a process that blends the best ofqualitative and quantitative research is a challenge. This book hasmet this challenge and delivered researchers a great platform forteaching these methods to their students and for updating their ownskills. At least four features distinguish this book: 1. The authors display a clear understanding of thestrengths and the weaknesses of meta- analysis. Their treatmentdescribes how care in data construction, variable coding, relevantstatistical methods and, especially, careful attention tointerpreting the findings from a meta-analysis can reinforce thestrengths and mitigate the weaknesses. 2. There are real examples presented throughout the book alongwith a genuine understanding of the importance of the details indeveloping meta-analyses. 3. The coverage of relevant statistical methods iscomprehensive and clear. And 4. The Appendices offer the detail researchers need to see inorder to genuinely learn how to use meta analytic methods. It should be in the library of every serious teacher orpractitioner”—V. Kerry Smith Regents Professor and W.P.Carey Professor Department of Economics Arizona StateUniversity “There are several texts for meta-analysis available, mostnotably “The Handbook of Research Synthesis andMeta-Analysis” by Cooper, Hedges and Valentine, but nonespecifically directed to public administration and policyscholars. In fact the points of emphasis and examples make theexisting texts both difficult and poorly suited for the appliedsocial sciences. Ringquist’s book is a spectacularsuccess in filling this lacuna. Ringquist provides a clearer encapsulation of “thebasics” in its opening section, and the “basics”are tailored to “problem-oriented” policy sciences(noting for instance, that meta-analyses in public management andpolicy will almost always use random-effects overfixed-effects). The empirical examples woven throughout aswell as the actual analyses on PSM and school vouchers areexceptionally useful in identifying the stages of theprocess. At the same time, the book doesn’t spare thegritty details of confronting commonly required procedures, likebootstrapping and dealing with clustered robust SE, hierarchicalmodeling, etc. For readers with no exposure to meta-analysis, thetext eases the transition by offering a refresher on howstatistical techniques are used in original research, then how theydiffer when used in meta-analysis. Ringquist offers guidelines for syntheses, formulating problems,data evaluation, turning studies into data, techniques inmeta-analysis, “the language of meta-analysis”,coding strategies and publication bias. The author also notes thatthe context and even techniques of meta-analysis are different forpublic management and public policy compared with medicine andpsychology, and education. Public administration and policyanalysis provide great opportunities for meta-analysis, butthese fields also present considerable challenge. Great careis needed in synthesizing differently designed studies, which areobservational and quasi-experimental or correlational designs,because the statistics of meta-analysis were originally developedto synthesize results from experiment design. Measurement issuesare tricky because authentic scales are used less frequently thanin psychology or medical research. In addition PA and policyas fields of scholarship are diverse and eclectic in researchdesign which makes comparison of parameter estimates exceedinglydifficult. Ringquist adroitly compiles an approach to meta-analysis adapted to reflect thiscontext. While Section 1 consists of seven chapters, which discussestechniques of meta-analysis, Section 2 including Chapters 8, 9, 10and 11 illustrates actual studies using meta-analysis conducted inpublic management and policy research: evaluating the effectivenessof educational vouchers, performance management in public sector,the effects of federal poverty deconcentration efforts on economicself-sufficiency and problematic behaviors, and the relationshipbetween public service motivation and performance. The book is an easier read than other texts in it guides fromproject inception through lit review and analysis in a mannertailored to policy and management, and it actually provides a muchmore accessible and thorough coverage of many of the basic buildingblocks, random effects, r-based effect sizes, and bootstrapping,making it far more indispensable for any PA meta-analysis. The check-lists for coding articles are especially useful.Provision of Stata commands and practical data managementsuggestions (creating a command file for data set transformations,for instance) is a great advantage for this text. Adding anaddendum with R programming options, in the next edition might behelpful too. The conclusion both compelling and concise but Iwould like to have seen some of the arguments presented here at thebeginning of the book, reserving the conclusion for a fullerencapsulation of what the overall strategy of the book accomplishesin stages – rebutting criticisms that meta-analysis in socialscience is a waste of time because study estimates arenon-comparable and effect sizes non-independent with carefulexamination of research design and models. This book is essential reading for any scholar in publicadministration and policy considering undertakingmeta-analysis. I expect it will gain many readers in othersocial science disciplines as well. For serious users ofmeta-analysis Ringquist’s book will not be the only one onthe shelf, but it is a valuable addition.” —Richard Feiock Augustus B. Turnbull Professor Askew School of PublicAdministration and Policy Florida State University

Applied Meta-Analysis for Social Science Research

Author: Noel A. Card

Publisher: Guilford Publications

ISBN: 1462525008

Category: Psychology

Page: 377

View: 4609

Offering pragmatic guidance for planning and conducting a meta-analytic review, this book is written in an engaging, nontechnical style that makes it ideal for graduate course use or self-study. The author shows how to identify questions that can be answered using meta-analysis, retrieve both published and unpublished studies, create a coding manual, use traditional and unique effect size indices, and write a meta-analytic review. An ongoing example illustrates meta-analytic techniques. In addition to the fundamentals, the book discusses more advanced topics, such as artifact correction, random- and mixed-effects models, structural equation representations, and multivariate procedures. User-friendly features include annotated equations; discussions of alternative approaches; and "Practical Matters" sections that give advice on topics not often discussed in other books, such as linking meta-analytic results with theory and the utility of meta-analysis software programs. ÿ

Handbook of Applied Social Research Methods

Author: Professor Leonard Bickman,Leonard Bickman,Debra J. Rog,Rog Debra J,MS Debra J Rog

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780761906728

Category: Social Science

Page: 580

View: 2626

The Handbook of Applied Social Research Methods shows how to make intelligent and conscious decisions so that researchers can refine and hone their research questions as new knowledge is gained, unanticipated obstacles are encountered, or contextual shifts take place - all key elements in the iterative nature of applied research. With examples and illustrations from the authors' own experiences, this book gives readers a practical guide to conducting applied research.

Synthesizing Research on Language Learning and Teaching

Author: John Michael Norris,Lourdes Ortega

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9027219656

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 349

View: 6885

This volume presents the first collection of work on research synthesis in applied linguistics. It introduces readers­ ­to a cutting-edge approach for reviewing and summarizing exactly what accumulated research has to say about theoretical and practical subjects. John Norris and Lourdes Ortega first elucidate the value and practice of synthesis, and they challenge all members of the research community to adopt a “synthetic ethic”. The book then features seven empirical syntheses, each modeling rigorous synthetic practice in definitively reviewing the state of knowledge and research quality in important domains. Included are five meta-analyses on: Universal Grammar; Task-Based Interaction; Corrective Feedback; Instructed Pragmatics Development; and Reading Strategy Training. Also included are a qualitative meta-synthesis on Effective Teaching for English Language Learners, and a historiographical synthesis of Proficiency Assessment practices. Rounding out the collection are commentaries by two renowned experts in language learning and teaching research: Nick Ellis and Craig Chaudron.

Towards Methodologically Inclusive Research Syntheses

Expanding possibilities

Author: Harsh Suri

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113408918X

Category: Education

Page: 216

View: 5423

Primary research in education and social sciences is marked by a diversity of methods and perspectives. How can we accommodate and reflect such diversity at the level of synthesizing research? What are the critical methodological decisions in the process of a research synthesis, and how do these decisions open up certain possibilities, while closing down others? This book draws upon methodologically diverse literature on research synthesis methods and primary research methods to develop a framework for synthesizing research. It presents a Methodologically Inclusive Research Synthesis framework to facilitate critical and informed decision-making among the producers and users of research synthesis. Three guiding principles for a quality research synthesis are proposed: informed subjectivity and reflexivity, purposefully informed selective inclusivity, and audience-appropriate transparency. The book then provides a thorough discussion of how these principles might be enacted in the following six phases: -identifying an appropriate epistemological orientation -identifying an appropriate purpose -searching for relevant literature -evaluating, interpreting and distilling evidence from selected studies -constructing connected understandings -communicating with an audience. A wide range of techniques and perspectives from postpositivist, interpretive, participatory, critical and postmodern traditions are considered in the book, and Suri opens up new areas of debate by exploring numerous aspects of research syntheses from a methodologically inclusive perspective. The book will be valuable reading for researchers and postgraduates in education and social sciences.