Restoration and Reclamation of Boreal Ecosystems

Attaining Sustainable Development

Author: Dale Vitt,Jagtar Bhatti

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107015715

Category: Nature

Page: 412

View: 3190

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Provides the conceptual backbone and specific information necessary for the ecologically sound restoration and sustainable development of boreal ecosystems.

Restoration of Boreal and Temperate Forests

Author: John A. Stanturf

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0203497783

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 600

View: 6571

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While the commitment to protect and restore forest ecosystems has become a policy goal in many countries since the Rio Conference, there is still no general consensus on what constitutes restoration. This authoritative reference presents the best practices for fostering increased sustainability, enhancing biodiversity, and repairing ecosystem functions in one comprehensive volume. Written by internationally recognized experts and practitioners, Restoration of Boreal and Temperate Forests summarizes the breadth of restoration protocols at both the local and regional scale and documents and compares over 20 case studies of forest restoration projects in a geographically diverse range of temperate and boreal zones. The authors take into account the impact of human activities from a historical and cultural context and consider regional socioeconomic needs in developing a sustainable forest management plan. The book provides insight into how logistical questions are currently being answered for temperate and boreal forests. By addressing both ecological and sociopolitical needs, this book presents practical solutions for the restoration, rehabilitation, reclamation, and management of forest ecosystems. Restoration of Boreal and Temperate Forests is an excellent source of information for researchers, managers, policymakers, and graduate students in forestry and ecology.

Peatland Restoration and Ecosystem Services

Science, Policy and Practice

Author: Aletta Bonn,Tim Allott,Martin Evans,Hans Joosten,Rob Stoneman

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316546101

Category: Nature

Page: N.A

View: 1663

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Peatlands provide globally important ecosystem services through climate and water regulation or biodiversity conservation. While covering only 3% of the earth's surface, degrading peatlands are responsible for nearly a quarter of carbon emissions from the land use sector. Bringing together world-class experts from science, policy and practice to highlight and debate the importance of peatlands from an ecological, social and economic perspective, this book focuses on how peatland restoration can foster climate change mitigation. Featuring a range of global case studies, opportunities for reclamation and sustainable management are illustrated throughout against the challenges faced by conservation biologists. Written for a global audience of environmental scientists, practitioners and policy makers, as well as graduate students from natural and social sciences, this interdisciplinary book provides vital pointers towards managing peatland conservation in a changing environment.

Routledge Handbook of Ecological and Environmental Restoration

Author: Stuart K. Allison,Stephen D. Murphy

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 131741375X

Category: Nature

Page: 604

View: 1490

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Ecological restoration is a rapidly evolving discipline that is engaged with developing both methodologies and strategies for repairing damaged and polluted ecosystems and environments. During the last decade the rapid pace of climate change coupled with continuing habitat destruction and the spread of non-native species to new habitats has forced restoration ecologists to re-evaluate their goals and the methods they use. This comprehensive handbook brings together an internationally respected group of established and rising experts in the field. The book begins with a description of current practices and the state of knowledge in particular areas of restoration, and then identifies new directions that will help the field achieve increasing levels of future success. Part I provides basic background about ecological and environmental restoration. Part II systematically reviews restoration in key ecosystem types located throughout the world. In Part III, management and policy issues are examined in detail, offering the first comprehensive treatment of policy relevance in the field, while Part IV looks to the future. Ultimately, good ecological restoration depends upon a combination of good science, policy, planning and outreach – all issues that are addressed in this unrivalled volume.

Restoration Ecology and Sustainable Development

Author: Krystyna M. Urbanska,Nigel R. Webb,Peter J. Edwards

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521599894

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 397

View: 6348

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Details the scientific basis for the reconstruction of damaged ecosystems.

Forests Forever

Their Ecology, Restoration, and Protection

Author: John J. Berger

Publisher: Center for Amer Places Incorporated

ISBN: N.A

Category: Photography

Page: 306

View: 8292

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Fragile kingdoms of innumerable organisms and rich beauty, forests today are both our most plentiful and our most endangered natural resource. Understanding their workings and how to sustain them is imperative to ensuring the future of humanity. John Berger urges us to learn what can be done to preserve these treasures, and he offers here a compelling guide to the complex issues surrounding forest preservation. An expanded and revised version of Berger’s bestselling Understanding Forests, Forests Forever offers a clear and readable survey of forest history and management. Berger draws upon diverse sources in law, ecology, economics, politics, and anthropology to argue that ecology, rather than the marketplace, should be the driving force behind forest management. Historical case studies of forests worldwide support this contention, the book reveals, as does the history of governments’ forest policy. Keeping pace with today’s issues, Berger critically evaluates government policy over the last seven years, including a contrast between the destructive policies of the Bush Administration and model programs instituted by the Canadian Boreal Initiative and others. Ultimately, he offers us the guiding principles of sustainable forestry as an answer to the ever-increasing demand for wood products. Anchoring the account are galleries of breathtaking full-color images of trees, forest, wildlife, and other forestry subjects taken by the world’s leading nature photographers. A concise and wholly readable account, Forests Forever issues a call to arms for all those concerned with preserving and managing the world’s forests today.

Microbes for Restoration of Degraded Ecosystems

Author: D Joseph Bagyaraj

Publisher: Nipa

ISBN: 9789385516665

Category: Ecosystem management

Page: 354

View: 9613

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Fast growing human civilization and industrialization have resulted in increased amounts of pollutants such as pesticides, electronic wastes, etc. in the environment. These pollutants have hazardous impacts on living organisms including human health. Remediation of these contaminants is a serious environmental issue of current interest. Recent research has shown that soil microorganisms play an important role in remediating and improving disturbed ecosystems. This approach is eco-friendly and relatively less expensive. The investigations carried out using microbes for restoration of degraded eco-systems is covered in the proposed book.

Ecological Effects of Water-level Fluctuations in Lakes

Author: Karl M. Wantzen,Karl-Otto Rothhaupt,Martin Mörtl,Marco Cantonati,Lászlo G.-Tóth,Philipp Fischer

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402091926

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 184

View: 7425

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Most aquatic ecosystems have variable water levels. These water-level fluctuations (WLF) have multiple effects on the organisms above and below the waterline. Natural WLF patterns in lakes guarantee both productivity and biodiversity, while untimely floods and droughts may have negative effects. Human impacts on WLF have led to a stabilization of the water levels of many lakes by hydraulic regulation, untimely drawdown due to water use, or floods due to water release from hydropower plants in the catchments. This book provides a first review in this field. It presents selected papers on the ecological effects of WLF in lakes, resulting from a workshop at the University of Konstanz in winter 2005. Issues addressed here include the extent of WLF, and analyses of their effects on different groups of biota from microorganisms to vertebrates. Applied issues include recommendations for the hydrological management of regulated lakes to reduce negative impacts, and a conceptual framework is delivered by an extension of the floodpulse concept for lakes. Current impacts on water use, including increasing demands on drinking and irrigation water, hydropower etc., and climate change effects on WLF make this book an essential resource for aquatic ecologists, engineers, and decision-makers dealing with the management of lake ecosystems and their catchments.

Forest Restoration in Landscapes

Beyond Planting Trees

Author: Stephanie Mansourian,Daniel Vallauri

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387291121

Category: Science

Page: 438

View: 4379

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This book, published in cooperation with WWF International, integrates the restoration of forest functions into landscape conservation plans. The contents represent the collective body of knowledge and experience of WWF and its many partners - collected here for the first time. This guide will serve as a first stop for practitioners and researchers in many organizations and regions, and as a key reference on the subject.

Vegetation Dynamics

Author: J. Miles

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 940095798X

Category: Science

Page: 80

View: 3963

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Vegetation dynamics is an important subject. A knowledge and under standing of it is central to the science of vegetation management-in grassland, range and nature reserve management, and in aspects of wildlife management, forestry and agricultural crop production. It is also a large and diffuse subject. In a small book such as this I had to be highly selective, and could not do equal justice to all aspects. I have had therefore to condense many examples, and more regrettably, many arguments. While I have tried to present a broad selection of topics and examples, the content inevitably reflects my own special interests and experience. The study of vegetation and its dynamics does not lend itselfto neat and tidy divisions, and the way of allotting material into different chapters here is arbitrary. I have used Chapter I to introduce a number of ideas, beginning with the nature of vegetation in space, then passing to an introduction to the nature of changes in vegetation with time, in particular those generally known as successions. The book also contains a number of asides to the text's central arguments; I hope the reader finds these interesting rather than disconcerting.

Boreal Peatland Ecosystems

Author: R.K. Wieder,D.H. Vitt

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540319131

Category: Science

Page: 436

View: 8890

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This is the first truly ecosystem-oriented book on peatlands. It adopts an ecosystems approach to understanding the world's boreal peatlands. The focus is on biogeochemical patterns and processes, production, decomposition, and peat accumulation, and it provides additional information on animal and fungal diversity. A recurring theme is the legacy of boreal peatlands as impressive accumulators of carbon as peat over millennia.

Plantations

Biodiversity, Carbon Sequestration, and Restoration

Author: Hai Ren

Publisher: Nova Science Pub Incorporated

ISBN: 9781628080902

Category: Science

Page: 238

View: 6597

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Includes bibliographical references and index.

Peak Oil, Economic Growth, and Wildlife Conservation

Author: J. Edward Gates,David L. Trauger,Brian Czech

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1493919547

Category: Science

Page: 346

View: 9092

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The proposed book focuses on one of the most important issues affecting humankind in this century - Peak Oil or the declining availability of abundant, cheap energy—and its effects on our industrialized economy and wildlife conservation. Energy will be one of the defining issues of the 21st Century directly affecting wildlife conservation wherever energy extraction is a primary economic activity and indirectly through deepening economic recessions. Since cheap, abundant energy has been at the core of our industrial society, and has resulted in the technological advancements we enjoy today, the peak in world oil extraction would potentially have major impacts on civilization unless we prepare well in advance. One potential economic solution covered in the book would be a Steady State Economy with a stable population and per capita consumption, particularly in such industrialized countries as the United States. Furthermore, the lack of cheap, abundant energy directly and indirectly affects conservation efforts by professional societies and federal and state agencies, and NGOs concerned with wildlife issues. We need to recognize these potential problems and prepare, as much as possible, for the consequences stemming from them.

Ecology and Conservation of Forest Birds

Author: Grzegorz Mikusiński,Jean-Michel Roberge,Robert J. Fuller

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1108574637

Category: Nature

Page: N.A

View: 402

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Ecology and Conservation of Forest Birds is a unique review of current understanding of the relationships between forest birds and their changing environments. Large ecological changes are being driven by forest management, climate change, introduced pests and pathogens, abiotic disturbances, and overbrowsing. Many forest bird species have suffered population declines, with the situation being particularly severe for birds dependent on attributes such as dead wood, old trees and structurally complex forests. With a focus on the non-tropical parts of the Northern Hemisphere, the text addresses the fundamental evolutionary and ecological aspects of forest birds using original data analyses and synthesising reviews. The characteristics of bird assemblages and their habitats in different European forest types are explored, together with the macroecological patterns of bird diversity and conservation issues. The book provides a valuable reference for ecologists, ornithologists, conservation professionals, forest industry employees, and those interested in birds and nature.

Aboveground-Belowground Linkages

Biotic Interactions, Ecosystem Processes, and Global Change

Author: Richard D. Bardgett,David A. Wardle

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199546878

Category: Nature

Page: 301

View: 1685

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Synthesises and evaluates recent advances concerning how species and their interactions influence terrestrial ecosystem processes, such as productivity, decomposition, nutrient cycling, and fluxes.

Forest Ecology

A Foundation for Sustainable Forest Management and Environmental Ethics in Forestry

Author: J. P. Kimmins

Publisher: Benjamin-Cummings Publishing Company

ISBN: 9780130662583

Category: Nature

Page: 611

View: 1948

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This management-driven, comprehensive book on ecosystem ecology is the only one on the market that covers the entire field, linking conventional ecosystem-level forest ecology to forest management. It features ecological site classification, ecosystem modeling, and strong sections on ecological diversity and the physical environment. It provides a comprehensive treatment of forestry issues; as well as excellent coverage of ecosystem management, landscape management, natural disturbances and their emulation. An excellent reference work for professional foresters, resource managers, wildlife managers, parks managers, forest planners and policy makers, and forestry researchers.

Restoring Tropical Forests

A Practical Guide

Author: Stephen Elliott,David Blakesley,Kate Hardwick

Publisher: Royal Botanic Gardens Kew

ISBN: 9781842464427

Category: Nature

Page: 344

View: 2576

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Restoring Tropical Forests is a user-friendly guide to restoring forests throughout the tropics. Based on the concepts, knowledge and innovative techniques developed at Chiang Mai University’s Forest Restoration Research Unit, this book will enable improvements in existing forest restoration projects and provide a key resource for new ones. The book presents three aspects of the restoration of tropical forest ecosystems: the concepts of tropical forest dynamics and regeneration that are relevant to tropical forest restoration, proven restoration techniques and case studies of their successful application, and research methods to refine such techniques and adapt them to local ecological and socio-economic conditions.