Restoration of Boreal and Temperate Forests, Second Edition

Author: John A. Stanturf

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1482211971

Category: Nature

Page: 561

View: 3974

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Humans have influenced the landscapes and forests throughout the temperate and boreal zones for millennia. Restoration of Boreal and Temperate Forests, Second Edition focuses on the negative impact of human activity, and explains the importance of forest restoration as a way to repair habitat, restore forest structure and function, and counteract the lasting effects of humanity. The book offers broad geographic coverage, as well as a combination of review and case study chapters providing social and policy contexts for restoration of specific forest types. This revised edition begins with a historical context for restoration, provides a conceptual framework for understanding the relationship between degradation and restoration, and defines terms within that framework. While building on the first edition, it presents the response of restorationists to the current challenges of interpreting scattered science on forest history, stand development, and natural processes. It combines applicable experience designed to improve present and future ecological and social sustainability. Describes restoration in the context of rapid social, economic, environmental, and climate change Looks toward the future, presenting several completely new topics in forest restoration Covers different starting points for restoration, from non-forest to degraded forest Restoration of Boreal and Temperate Forests, Second Edition aids in the understanding of the diverse cultural and ecological contexts for restoration of temperate and boreal forests, and the creation of a better foundation of documented knowledge to support future and existing restoration decisions.

Routledge Handbook of Ecological and Environmental Restoration

Author: Stuart K. Allison,Stephen D. Murphy

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 131741375X

Category: Nature

Page: 604

View: 7235

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Ecological restoration is a rapidly evolving discipline that is engaged with developing both methodologies and strategies for repairing damaged and polluted ecosystems and environments. During the last decade the rapid pace of climate change coupled with continuing habitat destruction and the spread of non-native species to new habitats has forced restoration ecologists to re-evaluate their goals and the methods they use. This comprehensive handbook brings together an internationally respected group of established and rising experts in the field. The book begins with a description of current practices and the state of knowledge in particular areas of restoration, and then identifies new directions that will help the field achieve increasing levels of future success. Part I provides basic background about ecological and environmental restoration. Part II systematically reviews restoration in key ecosystem types located throughout the world. In Part III, management and policy issues are examined in detail, offering the first comprehensive treatment of policy relevance in the field, while Part IV looks to the future. Ultimately, good ecological restoration depends upon a combination of good science, policy, planning and outreach – all issues that are addressed in this unrivalled volume.

Global Resources and the Environment

Author: Chadwick Dearing Oliver,Fatma Arf Oliver

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316805255

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 7355

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In the past few decades, sustainability of natural resources and the social and environmental issues that surround them have become increasingly topical. This multidisciplinary book discusses the complex relationships between society, natural resources and the environment. Major resources including water, agriculture, energy, minerals and forests are considered, as well as different facets of the environment including climate, landforms and biodiversity. Each resource is discussed in the context of both environmental and socio-economic factors affecting their present and future distribution and demand. Presenting a balanced, comprehensive overview of the issues surrounding natural resources and sustainability, this accessible volume will be of interest to policy makers, resource managers, graduate students and researchers in the natural and social sciences.

Die Kieferninseln

Roman

Author: Marion Poschmann

Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag

ISBN: 351873735X

Category: Fiction

Page: 160

View: 695

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Gilbert Silvester, Privatdozent und Bartforscher im Rahmen eines universitären Drittmittelprojekts, steht unter Schock. Letzte Nacht hat er geträumt, dass seine Frau ihn betrügt. In einer absurden Kurzschlusshandlung verlässt er sie, steigt ins erstbeste Flugzeug und reist nach Japan, um Abstand zu gewinnen. Dort fallen ihm die Reisebeschreibungen des klassischen Dichters Basho in die Hände, und plötzlich hat er ein Ziel: Wie die alten Wandermönche möchte auch er den Mond über den Kieferninseln sehen. Auf der traditionsreichen Pilgerroute könnte er sich in der Betrachtung der Natur verlieren und seinen inneren Aufruhr hinter sich lassen. Aber noch vor dem Start trifft er auf den Studenten Yosa, der mit einer ganz anderen Reiselektüre unterwegs ist, dem Complete Manual of Suicide. Die Kieferninseln ist ein Roman von meisterhafter Leichtigkeit: tiefgründig, humorvoll, spannend, zu Herzen gehend. Im Teeland Japan mischen sich Licht und Schatten, das Freudianische Über-Ich und die dunklen Götter des Shintoismus. Und die alte Frage wird neu gestellt: Ist das Leben am Ende ein Traum?

Integrated restoration of forested ecosystems to achieve multiresource benefits

proceedings of the 2007 National Silviculture Workshop

Author: United States. Forest Service

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 306

View: 4957

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This workshop brings together silviculturists, forest practitioners and researchers to discuss emerging issues for forest mgmt. The goal was to present and discuss new ideas in silviculture and forest mgmt. that produce multiple resource benefits. It covered broad topics incl. ecosystem services, frameworks for restoration, climate change, and perspectives on restorations. It also included regional perspectives from researchers and silviculturists working in numerous forest types and regions of the U.S. Topics included restoration of old-growth forests, increasing biodiversity, improving wildlife habitat, fuel reduction, and forest insect, disease, and health issues. Includes examples of state-of-the-art research and application in different regions of the country. Illus.

Managing Forests as Complex Adaptive Systems

Building Resilience to the Challenge of Global Change

Author: Christian C. Messier,Klaus J. Puettmann,K. Dave Coates

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 0415519772

Category: Nature

Page: 353

View: 876

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This book links the emerging concepts of complexity, complex adaptive system (CAS) and resilience to forest ecology and management. It explores how these concepts can be applied in various forest biomes of the world with their different ecological, economic and social settings, and history. Individual chapters stress different elements of these concepts based on the specific setting and expertise of the authors. Regions and authors have been selected to cover a diversity of viewpoints and emphases, from silviculture and natural forests to forest restoration, and from boreal to tropical forests. The chapters show that there is no single generally applicable approach to forest management that applies to all settings. The first set of chapters provides a global overview of how complexity, CAS and resilience theory can benefit researchers who study forest ecosystems. A second set of chapters provides guidance for managers in understanding how these concepts can help them to facilitate forest ecosystem change and renewal (adapt or self-organize) in the face of global change while still delivering the goods and services desired by humans. The book takes a broad approach by covering a variety of forest biomes and the full range of management goals from timber production to forest restoration to promote the maintenance of biodiversity, quality of water, or carbon storage.

Landschaftsgeschichte Norddeutschlands

Umwelt und Siedlung von der Steinzeit bis zur Gegenwart

Author: Karl-Ernst Behre

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783529024993

Category: Cultural geography

Page: 308

View: 2321

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Nordsee - Ostsee - Moore - Marschland - Kulturland - Ackerbau - Human impact - Wirtschaft.

Natural Woodland

Ecology and Conservation in Northern Temperate Regions

Author: George F. Peterken

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521367929

Category: Nature

Page: 522

View: 7865

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An appreciation of the natural processes of woodlands is essential for the development of a rationale and practices for woodland nature conservation and management. In this book, Dr. Peterken describes how woodlands grow, die, and regenerate in the absence of human influence, and the structures and range of habitats found in natural woods. He describes examples of virgin and old-growth forests in Europe and North America, and outlines the dynamics and structure of natural temperate woodlands. This knowledge is then applied to nature conservation issues in British woods and forests, particularly the maintenance of "untouched" reserves, the management of native broadleaved woods, and the design of coniferous plantations. Natural Woodlands is a fascinating account of woodland natural history for all those concerned with the management and ecology of natural or commercial woodlands.

Environmental science

earth as a living planet

Author: Daniel B. Botkin,Edward A. Keller

Publisher: Wiley

ISBN: 9780471488163

Category: Science

Page: 664

View: 7007

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To understand the news, you need to understand the science Just read the headlines. Whether it's global warming, arctic drilling, or expanding industrial nations, the news is filled with stories about environmental issues. To understand the news, you have to understand the science. With Botkin and Keller's Fifth Edition of "Environmental Science, " you'll have the opportunity to develop a firm foundation of scientific knowledge, so you can think through environmental issues and make your own decisions regarding the environment. There's much more to explore online! You can use your knowledge of environmental science to explore real and pressing environmental issues online with the Student Companion Site at www.wiley.com/college/botkin. The Student Companion Site features: Critical Thinking Issues: These guided questions and web-based research questions give you the chance to critically appraise such issues as preserving the coral reef or critiquing the Gaia hypothesis.Regional Essays and Interactive Map of the World These essays allow you to explore interesting issues and examples of key environmental topics.Virtual Field Trip Activities These activities identify and describe key issues in environmental science and lead you to relevant websites and local facilities, such as wastewater treatment facilities or power plants, so you can explore proposed solutions to environmental problems.Environmental Debates: Present two sides of a contentious issue affecting the environment. Links to key websites and questions help you gain a sophisticated appreciation of important issues.Online Quiz Questions: These quizzes are invaluable in preparing for tests and exams. They also allow you to email your answers and responses directly to your professor.

Pflanzensoziologie

Grundzüge der Vegetationskunde

Author: Josías Braun-Blanquet

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Plant communities

Page: 865

View: 2081

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Ökophysiologie - Floristik - Vegetationseinheiten.

Böden der Welt

Ein Bildatlas

Author: Wolfgang Zech,Peter Schad,Gerd Hintermaier-Erhard

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3642365752

Category: Nature

Page: 164

View: 3725

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Böden gehören zu den wichtigsten Lebensgrundlagen der Menschheit. Sie unterscheiden sich in den verschiedenen Regionen der Erde außerordentlich stark. Dieser Bildatlas beschreibt und illustriert die Böden der Welt im Zusammenhang mit ihren Naturräumen. Grundlage ist die internationale Bodenklassifikation WRB (World Reference Base for Soil Resources) in der Neuauflage von 2006. Darin sind zahlreiche Begriffe neu bzw. schärfer definiert. Mit den Technosolen und Stagnosolen fanden zwei neue Referenzbodengruppen Aufnahme. Auch die weitere Untergliederung der Böden mit Hilfe von Qualifiern wurde deutlich verändert und erweitert. Diese zahlreichen Änderungen in der WRB von 2006 sind in die 2. Auflage des Buches eingegangen. Das Buch ist nach Ökozonen gegliedert. Für jede Ökozone werden Lage, Klima und Vegetation mit den sich daraus ergebenden bodenbildenden Faktoren beschrieben. Darauf folgen umfassende Informationen über deren repräsentative Böden: Definition der Böden, diagnostische Horizonte, Eigenschaften und Materialien, physikalische, chemische und biologische Merkmale, Vorkommen und Verbreitung, Nutzung und Gefährdung, Prozesse der Bodenbildung. Zahlreiche Diagramme zur Verbreitung der Böden, zu Profilmerkmalen und bodenbildenden Prozessen sowie viele neue Farbfotos von Bodenprofilen und -landschaften machen den Bildatlas zu einem ausgezeichneten Referenzwerk. Studierende und Lehrende sowie Entscheidungsträger werden zudem mit grundlegenden Erkenntnissen der Bodenkunde, des Bodenschutzes und der Bodenfruchtbarkeit vertraut gemacht. Bevölkerungswachstum und Bodendegradation in tropischen Gebieten, deren Böden von Natur aus nur eingeschränkt fruchtbar sind, machen die Ernährungssicherung in besonderem Maße zu einer Aufgabe der Bodenkunde.

Forest ecology and conservation

a handbook of techniques

Author: Adrian C. Newton

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: N.A

Category: Nature

Page: 454

View: 1849

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Forest conservation has become one of the most important environmental issues currently facing humanity, as a result of widespread deforestation and forest degradation. Pressures on remaining natural forests continue to intensify, leading to high rates of biodiversity loss. Understanding how human activities influence ecological processes within forests is essential for developing effective conservation action. This book describes research methods and techniques relevant to understanding forest ecology, with a particular focus on those that are relevant to practical conservation and sustainable forest management. This information is currently disparate and difficult to locate and, as with other books in this series, the intention is to provide a comprehensive synthesis for use by graduate students, researchers and practising conservationists. Methods are presented for assessing forest extent and condition, structure and composition, and forest dynamics at a variety of scales. Techniques for assessing genetic variation and reproductive ecology, and for evaluating the habitat value of forests are also described. Particular emphasis is given to state-of-the-art techniques such as remote sensing, GIS, computer modelling and molecular markers. However, traditional methods of forest mensuration and ecological survey are also presented. The methods and techniques described are generally applicableto all forest types, including both temperate and tropical forest ecosystems.