Scandal & Civility

Journalism and the Birth of American Democracy

Author: Marcus Daniel

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199764816

Category: History

Page: 386

View: 1097

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A new breed of journalists came to the fore in post-revolutionary America--fiercely partisan, highly ideological, and possessed of a bold sense of vocation and purpose as they entered the fray of political debate. Often condemned by latter-day historians and widely seen in their own time as a threat to public and personal civility, these colorful figures emerge in this provocative new book as the era's most important agents of political democracy. Through incisive portraits of the most influential journalists of the 1790s--William Cobbett, Benjamin Franklin Bache, Philip Freneau, Noah Webster, John Fenno, and William Duane--Scandal and Civility moves beyond the usual cast of "revolutionary brothers" and "founding fathers" to offer a fresh perspective on a seemingly familiar story. Marcus Daniel demonstrates how partisan journalists, both Federalist and Democratic-Republican, were instrumental in igniting and expanding vital debates over the character of political leaders, the nature of representative government, and, ultimately, the role of the free press itself. Their rejection of civility and self-restraint--not even icons like George Washington were spared their satirical skewerings--earned these men the label "peddlers of scurrility." Yet, as Daniel shows, by breaking with earlier conceptions of "impartial" journalism, they challenged the elite dominance of political discourse and helped fuel the enormous political creativity of the early republic. Daniel's nuanced and penetrating narrative captures this key period of American history in all its contentious complexity. And in today's climate, when many decry media "excesses" and the relentlessly partisan and personal character of political debate, his book is a timely reminder that discord and difference were essential to the very creation of our political culture.

The Oxford Handbook of American Public Opinion and the Media

Author: Robert Y. Shapiro,Lawrence R. Jacobs

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0199673020

Category: Political Science

Page: 816

View: 7655

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With engaging new contributions from the major figures in the fields of the media and public opinion The Oxford Handbook of American Public Opinion and the Media is a key point of reference for anyone working in American politics today.

The World of the Revolutionary American Republic

Land, Labor, and the Conflict for a Continent

Author: Andrew Shankman

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317814975

Category: History

Page: 460

View: 7038

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In its early years, the American Republic was far from stable. Conflict and violence, including major land wars, were defining features of the period from the Revolution to the outbreak of the Civil War, as struggles over who would control land and labor were waged across the North American continent. The World of the Revolutionary American Republic brings together original essays from an array of scholars to illuminate the issues that made this era so contested. Drawing on the latest research, the essays examine the conflicts that occurred both within the Republic and between the different peoples inhabiting the continent. Covering issues including slavery, westward expansion, the impact of Revolutionary ideals, and the economy, this collection provides a diverse range of insights into the turbulent era in which the United States emerged as a nation. With contributions from leading scholars in the field, both American and international, The World of the Revolutionary American Republic is an important resource for any scholar of early America.

The Oxford Handbook of the American Revolution

Author: Edward G. Gray,Jane Kamensky

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199324034

Category: History

Page: 696

View: 4187

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The Oxford Handbook of the American Revolution draws on a wealth of new scholarship to create a vibrant dialogue among varied approaches to the revolution that made the United States. In thirty-three essays written by authorities on the period, the Handbook brings to life the diverse multitudes of colonial North America and their extraordinary struggles before, during, and after the eight-year-long civil war that secured the independence of thirteen rebel colonies from their erstwhile colonial parent. The chapters explore battles and diplomacy, economics and finance, law and culture, politics and society, gender, race, and religion. Its diverse cast of characters includes ordinary farmers and artisans, free and enslaved African Americans, Indians, and British and American statesmen and military leaders. In addition to expanding the Revolution's who, the Handbook broadens its where, portraying an event that far transcended the boundaries of what was to become the United States. It offers readers an American Revolution whose impact ranged far beyond the thirteen colonies. The Handbook's range of interpretive and methodological approaches captures the full scope of current revolutionary-era scholarship. Its authors, British and American scholars spanning several generations, include social, cultural, military, and imperial historians, as well as those who study politics, diplomacy, literature, gender, and sexuality. Together and separately, these essays demonstrate that the American Revolution remains a vibrant and inviting a subject of inquiry. Nothing comparable has been published in decades.

The Weight of Vengeance

The United States, the British Empire, and the War of 1812

Author: Troy Bickham

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199942625

Category: History

Page: 344

View: 7057

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In early 1815, Secretary of State James Monroe reviewed the treaty with Britain that would end the War of 1812. The United States Navy was blockaded in port; much of the army had not been paid for nearly a year; the capital had been burned. The treaty offered an unexpected escape from disaster. Yet it incensed Monroe, for the name of Great Britain and its negotiators consistently appeared before those of the United States. "The United States have acquired a certain rank amongst nations, which is due to their population and political importance," he brazenly scolded the British diplomat who conveyed the treaty, "and they do not stand in the same situation as at former periods." Monroe had a point, writes Troy Bickham. In The Weight of Vengeance, Bickham provides a provocative new account of America's forgotten war, underscoring its significance for both sides by placing it in global context. The Napoleonic Wars profoundly disrupted the global order, from India to Haiti to New Orleans. Spain's power slipped, allowing the United States to target the Floridas; the Haitian slave revolt contributed to the Louisiana Purchase; fears that Britain would ally with Tecumseh and disrupt the American northwest led to a pre-emptive strike on his people in 1811. This shifting balance of power provided the United States with the opportunity to challenge Britain's dominance of the Atlantic world. And it was an important conflict for Britain as well. Powerful elements in the British Empire so feared the rise of its former colonies that the British government sought to use the War of 1812 to curtail America's increasing maritime power and its aggressive territorial expansion. And by late 1814, Britain had more men under arms in North America than it had in the Peninsular War against Napoleon, with the war with America costing about as much as its huge subsidies to European allies. Troy Bickham has given us an authoritative, lucidly written global account that transforms our understanding of this pivotal war.

My American Revolution

A Modern Expedition Through History's Forgotten Battlegrounds

Author: Robert Sullivan

Publisher: Farrar, Straus and Giroux

ISBN: 1429945850

Category: History

Page: 272

View: 2537

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Americans tend to think of the Revolution as a Massachusetts-based event orchestrated by Virginians, but in fact the war took place mostly in the Middle Colonies—in New York and New Jersey and the parts of Pennsylvania that on a clear day you can almost see from the Empire State Building. In My American Revolution, Robert Sullivan delves into this first Middle America, digging for a glorious, heroic part of the past in the urban, suburban, and sometimes even rural landscape of today. And there are great adventures along the way: Sullivan investigates the true history of the crossing of the Delaware, its down-home reenactment each year for the past half a century, and—toward the end of a personal odyssey that involves camping in New Jersey backyards, hiking through lost "mountains," and eventually some physical therapy—he evacuates illegally from Brooklyn to Manhattan by handmade boat. He recounts a Brooklyn historian's failed attempt to memorialize a colonial Maryland regiment; a tattoo artist's more successful use of a colonial submarine, which resulted in his 2007 arrest by the New York City police and the FBI; and the life of Philip Freneau, the first (and not great) poet of American independence, who died in a swamp in the snow. Last but not least, along New York harbor, Sullivan re-creates an ancient signal beacon. Like an almanac, My American Revolution moves through the calendar of American independence, considering the weather and the tides, the harbor and the estuary and the yearly return of the stars as salient factors in the war for independence. In this fiercely individual and often hilarious journey to make our revolution his, he shows us how alive our own history is, right under our noses.

Aus dem Wörterbuch des Teufels

Author: Ambrose Bierce

Publisher: marixverlag

ISBN: 3843802017

Category: Fiction

Page: 160

View: 6393

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"The Bitter Bierce". Siegeszug der zynischen Vernunft Der amerikanische Schriftsteller Ambrose Bierce (1842-Weihnachten/Neujahr 1913/14) hatte nicht nur eine scharfe Zunge, sondern auch eine spitze Feder. Er war einer der schillerndsten Gestalten im literarischen Amerika des 19. Jahrhunderts - die personifizierte Provokation und ein gehässiger Zyniker, der kein Thema ausließ. Ganz gleich, ob es um allgemeine, kleine oder große Schwächen des Menschengeschlechts ging - seinem Hohn war nichts heilig. Berühmt wurde er mit seinem "Wörterbuch des Teufels", einer Sammlung galliger und pointiert-geistreicher Aphorismen.

Faschismus

Eine Warnung

Author: Madeleine Albright

Publisher: Dumont Buchverlag

ISBN: 3832184104

Category: Political Science

Page: 320

View: 1796

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»Manche mögen dieses Buch und besonders seinen Titel alarmierend finden. Gut!« MADELEINE ALBRIGHT Weltweit kommt es zu einem Wiedererstarken anti-demokratischer, repressiver und zerstörerischer Kräfte. Die ehemalige amerikanische Außenministerin Madeleine Albright zeigt, welche großen Ähnlichkeiten diese mit dem Faschismus des 20. Jahrhunderts haben. Die faschistischen Tendenzen treten wieder in Erscheinung und greifen in Europa, Teilen Asiens und den Vereinigten Staaten um sich. Albrights Familie stammt aus Prag und floh zweimal: zuerst vor den Nationalsozialisten, später vor dem kommunistischen Regime. Auf Grundlage dieser Erlebnisse und der Erfahrungen, die sie im Laufe ihrer diplomatischen Karriere sammelte, zeichnet sie die Gründe für die Rückkehr des Faschismus nach. Sie identifiziert die Faktoren, die zu seinem Aufstieg beitragen und warnt eindringlich vor den Folgen. Doch Madeleine Albright bietet auch klare Lösungsansätze an, etwa die Veränderung der Arbeitsbedingungen und das Verständnis für die Bedürfnisse der Menschen nach Kontinuität und moralischer Beständigkeit. Sie zeigt, dass allein die Demokratie politische und gesellschaftliche Konflikte mit Rationalität und offenen Diskussionen lösen kann.

America, history and life

Author: American Bibliographical Center,EBSCO Publishing (Firm)

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: United States

Page: N.A

View: 6822

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Provides historical coverage of the United States and Canada from prehistory to the present. Includes information abstracted from over 2,000 journals published worldwide.

110 Regeln des Anstands und gegenseitigen Respekts in Gesellschaft und im Gespräch

Author: George Washington

Publisher: Deutscher Taschenbuch Verlag

ISBN: 3423434732

Category: Fiction

Page: 64

View: 7098

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Als Amerika noch höflich war Was der erste amerikanische Präsident als Dreizehnjähriger schon wusste: Höflichkeit kommt nie aus der Mode. In diesem Fundstück aus dem 18. Jahrhundert kombiniert er auf originelle Weise Benimmratgeber mit philosophischen Lebensweisheiten. Washington, der in jungen Jahren noch mit der Rechtschreibung kämpfte, schrieb über Tischmanieren, das Verhalten im Gespräch und persönliche Charakterpflege. Nicht zuletzt dem einen oder anderen amtierenden Präsidenten würde dieses Buch guttun! »In der Gegenwart anderer sollst du nicht vor dich hin summen, mit den Fingern trommeln oder mit den Füßen den Takt schlagen.« (Nr. 4) »Entledige dich nicht deiner Kleidung, wenn andere dabei sind, und verlasse die Garderobe nicht nur halb bekleidet.« (Nr. 7) »Deine Miene sei angenehm, sollte aber den nötigen Ernst zeigen, wenn es um ernste Dinge geht.« (Nr. 19)

Das Ende der Männer

und der Aufstieg der Frauen

Author: Hanna Rosin

Publisher: ebook Berlin Verlag

ISBN: 3827076307

Category: Social Science

Page: 400

View: 8803

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Ist die jahrtausendealte Herrschaft des Patriarchats am Ende? Noch nicht, sagt Hanna Rosin, doch die massiven Veränderungen der Berufswelt und des Bildungssystems haben eine Dynamik in Gang gesetzt, die das Verhältnis zwischen den Geschlechtern nachhaltig verändert. So scheinen viele Anforderungen der modernen Dienstleistungsgesellschaft – Flexibilität, soziale Intelligenz, Kommunikationsfähigkeit – eindeutig Frauen in die Hände zu spielen, während Männer oft von den Umwälzungen überfordert sind. Hanna Rosin zeigt – frei von ideologischen Prämissen –, wie sich heute das Leben von Männern und Frauen unterscheidet, wie sehr sich die Art und Weise geändert hat, wie heute gearbeitet, gelernt, zusammengelebt wird. Differenziert und mit vielen konkreten Beispielen gelingt es Rosin, die Chancen und Schattenseiten des »weiblichen Jahrhunderts« in den Blick zu nehmen. "Das Ende der Männer" ist keine feministische Streitschrift, keine Prophezeiung, sondern eine messerscharfe, weitsichtige Diagnose.

Die politischen Werke

Zweiter Band

Author: Thomas Paine

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783737209847

Category:

Page: 388

View: 6380

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Thomas Paine, einer der Grundervater der Vereinigten Staaten von Amerika, hat eine Vielzahl von politischen Schriften verfasst. Sein Lebensmotto war: Die Welt ist mein Land und Gutes zu tun meine Religion.." Nach diesem Motto lebte er und verfasste seine Werke. Seine Schriften hatten grossen Einfluss auf das Denken seiner Zeitgenossen. Abraham Lincoln und Thomas Edison bekannten sich zu ihm. Paine verstand es, komplizierte Sachverhalte verstandlich darzustellen. Der hier vorliegende zweite Band seiner politischen Werke enthalt eine Vielzahl politischer Schreiben, Briefe und Aufsatze. Dieses Buch ist ein unveranderter Nachdruck der deutschsprachigen Originalausgabe von 1852

"What we're fighting for ..."

Friedensethik in der transatlantischen Debatte

Author: Gerhard Beestermöller

Publisher: W. Kohlhammer Verlag

ISBN: 9783170190375

Category: Iraq War, 2003-

Page: 156

View: 796

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