Serial Murder

Modern Scientific Perspectives

Author: Elliott Leyton

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351767992

Category: Social Science

Page: 632

View: 3977

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This title was first published in 2000: Few areas of criminal activity have sustained such widely held attention as serial murder. This volume charts the complete progress of academic work in this field, detailing the development from the early domination of psychiatric enquiries to the later proliferation of criminal justice studies into the darkest of human behaviours.

When Children Kill Children

Penal Populism and Political Culture

Author: David A. Green

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191629766

Category: Law

Page: 352

View: 9876

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This title examines the role of political culture and penal populism in the response to the emotive subject of child-on-child homicide. Green explores the reasons underlying the vastly differing responses of the English and Norwegian criminal justice systems to the cases of James Bulger and Silje Redergard respectively. Whereas James Bulger's killers were subject to extreme press and public hostility, and held in secure detention for nine months before being tried in an adversarial court, and served eight years in custody, a Redergard's killers were shielded from public antagonism and carefully reintegrated into the local community. This book argues that English adversarial political culture creates far more incentives to politicize high-profile crimes than Norwegian consensus political culture. Drawing on a wealth of empirical research, Green suggests that the tendency for politicians to justify punitive responses to crime by invoking harsh political attitudes is based upon a flawed understanding of public opinion. In a compelling study, Green proposes a more deliberative response to crime is possible by making English culture less adversarial and by making informed public judgment more assessable.

The Social Construction of Crime: Oxford Bibliographies Online Research Guide

Author: Oxford University Press

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780199803705

Category: Social Science

Page: 14

View: 5628

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This ebook is a selective guide designed to help scholars and students of criminology find reliable sources of information by directing them to the best available scholarly materials in whatever form or format they appear from books, chapters, and journal articles to online archives, electronic data sets, and blogs. Written by a leading international authority on the subject, the ebook provides bibliographic information supported by direct recommendations about which sources to consult and editorial commentary to make it clear how the cited sources are interrelated related. A reader will discover, for instance, the most reliable introductions and overviews to the topic, and the most important publications on various areas of scholarly interest within this topic. In criminology, as in other disciplines, researchers at all levels are drowning in potentially useful scholarly information, and this guide has been created as a tool for cutting through that material to find the exact source you need. This ebook is a static version of an article from Oxford Bibliographies Online: Criminology, a dynamic, continuously updated, online resource designed to provide authoritative guidance through scholarship and other materials relevant to the study and practice of criminology. Oxford Bibliographies Online covers most subject disciplines within the social science and humanities, for more information visit www.aboutobo.com.

Criminal Justice Information

How to Find It, how to Use it

Author: Dennis C. Benamati

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 9780897749572

Category: Law

Page: 237

View: 1675

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The massive amount of criminal justice information now available to the public makes it difficult to assess its authority and value. This work is a comprehensive guide to print, electronic, and online criminal justice resources and the information they contain. It is the first criminal justice guide to explain how to determine the authority of sources, a vital task in the information age.

Narrative Criminology

Understanding Stories of Crime

Author: Lois Presser,Sveinung Sandberg

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 1479823414

Category: Social Science

Page: 336

View: 5067

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Stories are much more than a means of communication—stories help us shape our identities, make sense of the world, and mobilize others to action. In Narrative Criminology, prominent scholars from across the academy and around the world examine stories that animate offending. From an examination of how criminals understand certain types of crime to be less moral than others, to how violent offenders and drug users each come to understand or resist their identity as ‘criminals’, to how cultural narratives motivate genocidal action, the case studies in this book cover a wide array of crimes and justice systems throughout the world. The contributors uncover the narratives at the center of their essays through qualitative interviews, ethnographic fieldwork, and written archives, and they scrutinize narrative structure and meaning by analyzing genres, plots, metaphors, and other components of storytelling. In doing so, they reveal the cognitive, ideological, and institutional mechanisms by which narratives promote harmful action. Finally, they consider how offenders’ narratives are linked to and emerge from those of conventional society or specific subcultures. Each chapter reveals important insights and elements for the development of a framework of narrative criminology as an important approach for understanding crime and criminal justice. An unprecedented and landmark collection, Narrative Criminology opens the door for an exciting new field of study on the role of stories in motivating and legitimizing harm.

Handbook of European Homicide Research

Patterns, Explanations, and Country Studies

Author: Marieke C. A. Liem,William Alex Pridemore

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781461404668

Category: Social Science

Page: 513

View: 5452

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This comprehensive work provides a sourcebook of information about the substantive, methodological, and policy-oriented aspects of homicide research in Europe. Part one of this work covers the most recent substantive and methodological information about European homicide research. The second part will contains detailed case studies on homicide research in 15-20 individual European nations. This work will be both conceptual and practical. conceptual and practical. Conceptual aspects will focus on theoretical frameworks and patterns and trends of violence in Europe. Practical aspects will examine the results of empirical research, topics relating to different data sources and the variation of legal definitions of violence throughout Europe, and policy issues relating to variation in homicide prevention and punishment of homicide offenders throughout Europe. This handbook will not only provide an up-to-date reference that brings together known information, but will also offer previously unpublished comprehensive literature reviews and original research findings. The editors’ distinctive approach is to provide readers with an English-language central source of information about the voluminous literature on European homicide research that is currently spread widely in dozens of different European and American journals.

International Perspectives on Crime and Justice

Author: K. Jaishankar

Publisher: K. Jaishankar

ISBN: 1443801984

Category: Law

Page: 741

View: 1107

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In a world of growing interdependence, crimes are no longer confined by national boundaries. In this context, the necessity to understand criminological developments across the globe becomes imperative. This book aims to offer cross-cultural perspectives of different criminological issues and criminal justice systems operating worldwide. This book emphasizes the collective understanding of criminological problems from an international perspective. This book is a quintessence of contemporary criminological developments, with a global outlook. The book is an edited volume of articles collected from criminologists all over the world. It is a peer reviewed collection. The chapters focuses on various criminological issues such as Bullying, Child abuse, Corrections (Institutional and Community), Cyber crimes, Corporate crime, Corruption, Costs of crime, Crime Analysis, Crime prevention, Crime Mapping and GIS, Criminal justice systems, Environmental crime, Ethnic/communal/caste conflicts, Family violence, Fear of crime, High tech crimes, Homicide, Human trafficking, Juvenile Delinquency, Organized crime, Offenders including women offenders, Policing, Prisons, Public attitudes, Restorative justice, Sexual assault, Stalking, Theories of crime, Transnational crime, Victimology, Violence, White collar crime, and Workplace violence.The book aims to provide theoretical frameworks and pragmatic discussions on Criminology and Criminal Justice. It is intended for Academics, Criminal Justice professionals, and Graduate Students who want to improve their understanding of the issues and challenges that arise when issues related to criminology and criminal justice cross national boundaries. Also, practitioners and academics of allied fields like sociology, psychology, geography, political science, public administration and forensic sciences whose research interests include either crime/criminal justice system/Victim or crime analysis will find this book useful."The comprehensive framework of this book means that it provides a rich variety of international perspectives on an array of crime and justice-related issues. The thirty chapters presented here are a treasure trove of insights in terms of both topical variety and approaches within topic. Dr. Jaishankar has assembled a valuable collection of readings that will find broad acceptance internationally." Prof. Keith Harries (From the Foreword)

Applying Complexity Theory

Whole Systems Approaches to Criminal Justice and Social Work

Author: Aaron Pycroft,Clemens Bartollas

Publisher: Policy Press

ISBN: 144731140X

Category: Social Science

Page: 311

View: 8233

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Complexity theory--which examines the dynamic interactions of parts in a system--has increasingly been used to study human organizations. This is the first book to explore its application to professions in criminal justice and social work. It brings together experts in this emerging theoretical field from a range of different perspectives, providing detailed but accessible discussions of the key issues at hand, including the nature of complex adaptive systems, their application to service delivery, and the efficacy and ethics of criminal justice and social work interventions. Together the contributors demonstrate the usefulness of complexity theory in addressing some of our most significant and intractable social problems.

Pizza Bomber

The Untold Story of America's Most Shocking Bank Robbery

Author: Jerry Clark,Ed Palattella

Publisher: Penguin

ISBN: 0425250555

Category: True Crime

Page: 438

View: 2352

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Describes a 2003 bank robbery in Erie, Pennsylvania in which a seemingly innocent pizza deliveryman, with a time bomb around his neck, was forced to rob a bank and how the FBI discovered that he was in fact a co-conspirator.

Corrections: A Text/Reader

Author: Mary K. Stohr,Anthony Walsh,Craig Hemmens

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1452289921

Category: Social Science

Page: 728

View: 5229

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Corrections: A Text/Reader, Second Edition is designed for undergraduate and/or graduate corrections courses. Organized like a traditional corrections text, it offers brief authored introductions in a mini-chapter format for each key Section, followed by carefully selected and edited original articles by leading scholars. This hybrid format – ensuring coverage of important material while emphasizing the significance of contemporary research - offers an excellent alternative which recognizes the impact and importance of new directions and policy in this field, and how these advances are determined by research.

Analyzing Criminal Minds: Forensic Investigative Science for the 21st Century

Forensic Investigative Science for the 21st Century

Author: Don Jacobs

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 0313397007

Category: Social Science

Page: 320

View: 9041

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An insightful book presenting cutting-edge information on the newest, most remarkable forensic science and methods used for understanding the criminal mind. • A foreword by Dwight Adams, former director at the FBI Lab at Quantico • Four current autobiographical essays from an ongoing, 25-year study of adolescent behavior • Illustrative vignettes from current news, pop culture, and literature • Brain images of midbrain limbic system and prefrontal regions showing modular and interconnection of chemical pathways that ignite feelings, thinking, and behavior • A glossary of terms • An extensive bibliography

Routledge Handbook on Capital Punishment

Author: Robert M. Bohm,Gavin Lee

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317229835

Category: Social Science

Page: 686

View: 9163

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Capital punishment is one of the more controversial subjects in the social sciences, especially in criminal justice and criminology. Over the last decade or so, the United States has experienced a significant decline in the number of death sentences and executions. Since 2007, eight states have abolished capital punishment, bringing the total number of states without the death penalty to 19, plus the District of Columbia, and more are likely to follow suit in the near future (Nebraska reinstated its death penalty in 2016). Worldwide, 70 percent of countries have abolished capital punishment in law or in practice. The current trend suggests the eventual demise of capital punishment in all but a few recalcitrant states and countries. Within this context, a fresh look at capital punishment in the United States and worldwide is warranted. The Routledge Handbook on Capital Punishment comprehensively examines the topic of capital punishment from a wide variety of perspectives. A thoughtful introductory chapter from experts Bohm and Lee presents a contextual framework for the subject matter, and chapters present state-of-the-art analyses of a range of aspects of capital punishment, grouped into five sections: (1) Capital Punishment: History, Opinion, and Culture; (2) Capital Punishment: Rationales and Religious Views; (3) Capital Punishment and Constitutional Issues; (4) The Death Penalty’s Administration; and (5) The Death Penalty’s Consequences. This is a key collection for students taking courses in prisons, penology, criminal justice, criminology, and related subjects, and is also an essential reference for academics and practitioners working in prison service or in related agencies.

Crime and Criminal Justice in Modern Germany

Author: Richard F. Wetzell

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 178238247X

Category: History

Page: 368

View: 9446

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The history of criminal justice in modern Germany has become a vibrant field of research, as demonstrated in this volume. Following an introductory survey, the twelve chapters examine major topics in the history of crime and criminal justice from Imperial Germany, through the Weimar and Nazi eras, to the early postwar years. These topics include case studies of criminal trials, the development of juvenile justice, and the efforts to reform the penal code, criminal procedure, and the prison system. The collection also reveals that the history of criminal justice has much to contribute to other areas of historical inquiry: it explores the changing relationship of criminal justice to psychiatry and social welfare, analyzes representations of crime and criminal justice in the media and literature, and uses the lens of criminal justice to illuminate German social history, gender history, and the history of sexuality.

Discipline & Punish

The Birth of the Prison

Author: Michel Foucault

Publisher: Vintage

ISBN: 0307819299

Category: Social Science

Page: 352

View: 4334

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In this brilliant work, the most influential philosopher since Sartre suggests that such vaunted reforms as the abolition of torture and the emergence of the modern penitentiary have merely shifted the focus of punishment from the prisoner's body to his soul.

Criminology

A Sociological Introduction

Author: Eamonn Carrabine,Maggy Lee,Paul Iganski

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 0415281687

Category: Social Science

Page: 428

View: 1516

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This sociological introduction provides a much-needed textbook for an increasingly popular area of study. Written by a team of authors with a broad range of teaching and individual expertise, it covers almost every module offered in UK criminological courses and will be valuable to students of criminology worldwide. It covers: key traditions in criminology, their critical assessment and more recent developments new ways of thinking about crime and control, including crime and emotions, drugs and alcohol, from a public health perspective different dimensions of the problem of crime and misconduct, including crime and sexuality, crimes against the environment, crime and human rights and organizational deviance key debates in criminological theory the criminal justice system new areas such as the globalization of crime, and crime in cyberspace. Specially designed to be user-friendly, each chapter contains boxed material on current controversies, key thinkers and examples of crime and criminal justice around the world with statistical tables, maps, summaries, critical thinking questions, annotated references and a glossary of key terms, as well as further reading sections and additional resource information as weblinks.

The Marion Experiment

Long-Term Solitary Confinement and the Supermax Movement

Author: Stephen C. Richards

Publisher: SIU Press

ISBN: 0809333767

Category: Social Science

Page: 318

View: 638

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The Marion Experiment combines academic research with personal accounts by prisoners to investigate solitary confinement and supermax prisons. USP Marion became a model for supermax prisons, with many other prison systems—in the U.S. and abroad—copying the special architectural and program innovations there.