Shakespeare and the Outer Mystery

Author: Robert H. West

Publisher: University Press of Kentucky

ISBN: 0813165113

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 216

View: 6676

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Shakespeare has been viewed by critics both as a secular writer who affirmed the dual nature of man and as a Christian allegorist whose work has a submerged but positive and elaborate pattern of Christian meaning. In Shakespeare and the Outer Mystery, Robert H. West explores the philosophical and supernatural elements of five Shakespearean dramas -- Macbeth, Hamlet, Othello, King Lear, and The Tempest. Through his analysis, West discovers Shakespeare's respect for the mysteries of existence but no clear definition of the philosophical and moral context of his play worlds. An artistic motivation leads Shakespeare to use these elements ambiguously to create a dramatic effect rather than to teach a moral or ideological lesson.

Philosophy and the Puzzles of Hamlet

A Study of Shakespeare's Method

Author: Leon Harold Craig

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing USA

ISBN: 1628920483

Category: Political Science

Page: 288

View: 7961

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Shakespeare's famous play, Hamlet, has been the subject of more scholarly analysis and criticism than any other work of literature in human history. For all of its generally acknowledged virtues, however, it has also been treated as problematic in a raft of ways. In Philosophy and the Puzzles of Hamlet, Leon Craig explains that the most oft-cited problems and criticisms are actually solvable puzzles. Through a close reading of the philosophical problems presented in Hamlet, Craig attempts to provide solutions to these puzzles. The posing of puzzles, some more conspicuous, others less so, is fundamental to Shakespeare's philosophical method and purpose. That is, he has crafted his plays, and Hamlet in particular, so as to stimulate philosophical activity in the "judicious" (as distinct from the "unskillful") readers. By virtue of showing what so many critics treat as faults or flaws are actually intended to be interpretive challenges, Craig aims to raise appreciation for the overall coherence of Hamlet: that there is more logical rigor to its plot and psychological plausibility to its characterizations than is generally granted, even by its professed admirers. Philosophy and the Puzzles of Hamlet endeavors to make clear why Hamlet, as a work of reason, is far better than is generally recognized, and proves its author to be, not simply the premier poet and playwright he is already universally acknowledged to be, but a philosopher in his own right.

Shakespiritualism

Shakespeare and the Occult, 1850–1950

Author: J. Kahan

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137313552

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 256

View: 8765

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This study concerns itself with a now-forgotten religious group, Spiritualists, and how their ensuing discussions of Shakespeare's meaning, his writing practices, his possible collaborations, and the supposed purity and/or corruption of his texts anticipated, accompanied, or silhouetted similar debates in Shakespeare Studies.

Christian Settings in Shakespeare's Tragedies

Author: D. Douglas Waters

Publisher: Associated University Presse

ISBN: 9780838635285

Category: Literary Collections

Page: 324

View: 5354

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Showing no propagandistic concern for theology, Shakespeare's tragedies with Christian settings (R3, R2, Romeo and Juliet, Macbeth, Othello, and Hamlet) are secular, sympathetic treatments of human downfall caused mainly by evil in external situations in the universe and society. In this book, D. Douglas Waters - defining Shakespeare's tragic vision - sees evil mainly in terms of cosmic and societal forces and only partially in terms of the weaknesses of the tragic figures. The scope of Waters's study is to analyze the tragic structure of several plays, to oppose present-day deemphasis on the genre of tragedy in discussions of Shakespeare by some structuralists and poststructuralists, and to stress Shakespeare's tragic mimesis (as artistic representation) and our response to it - our intellectual, moral, and emotional clarification of pity and fear for the tragic heroes and/or heroines. Here, Waters takes a combined historicist and formalist approach to Shakespeare's tragedies with Christian settings. He takes issue with both the theological critics of Shakespeare's tragedies and structuralist and poststructuralist interpreters (who either ignore or slight tragedy and tragic theory in Shakespeare interpretation). Waters's view differs notably from such diverse interpretations as Roy W. Battenhouse's Shakespearean tragedy: Its art and Christian premises, Irving Ribner's Patterns in Shakespearian tragedy, Virgil K. Whitaker's The mirror up to nature: The techniques of Shakespeare's tragedies, and Robert Grams Hunter's Shakespeare and the mystery of God's judgments. Waters questions, for example, Battenhouse's validity of Christian theological and didactic emphases on the old purgation theory of catharsis. His approach differs also from Northrop Frye's views on the tragedies in Northrop Frye on Shakespeare, an archetypal approach to representative plays including the tragedies. More in the tradition of such works as Roland M. Frye's Shakespeare and Christian doctrine and The Renaissance "Hamlet" and Robert H. West's Shakespeare and the outer mystery, Waters's efforts go beyond those of Kenneth Muir and Ruth Nevo - and others with whom he generally agrees - by discussing tragedy in light of some recent structuralist and poststructuralist challenges to the importance of genre considerations in Shakespeare. This text is a valuable historicist/formalist contribution to critical theory and a specific literary analysis of the tragedies with Christian settings - tragedies which give secular importance to human suffering without affirming the importance of theological premises. Waters holds that these tragedies emphasize all things human and cause spectators and readers of these tragedies to question rather than affirm God's goodness, grace, and providence.

Hamlet, Protestantism, and the Mourning of Contingency

Not to Be

Author: Professor John E. Curran Jr

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 1409489620

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 278

View: 7783

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Building on current scholarly interest in the religious dimensions of the play, this study shows how Shakespeare uses Hamlet to comment on the Calvinistic Protestantism predominant around 1600. By considering the play's inner workings against the religious ideas of its time, John Curran explores how Shakespeare portrays in this work a completely deterministic universe in the Calvinist mode, and, Curran argues, exposes the disturbing aspects of Calvinism. By rendering a Catholic Prince Hamlet caught in a Protestant world which consistently denies him his aspirations for a noble life, Shakespeare is able in this play, his most theologically engaged, to delineate the differences between the two belief systems, but also to demonstrate the consequences of replacing the old religion so completely with the new.

Shakespeare and the Problem of Adaptation

Author: Margaret Jane Kidnie

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134393644

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 220

View: 2817

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'Kidnie's study presents original, sophisticated, and profoundly intelligent answers to important questions.' - Lukas Erne, University of Geneva 'This is a fine and productive book, one that will surely draw significant attention and commentary well beyond the precincts of Shakespeare studies.' - W.B. Worthen, Columbia University Shakespeare’s plays continue to be circulated on a massive scale in a variety of guises – as editions, performances, and adaptations – and it is by means of such mediation that we come to know his drama. Shakespeare and the Problem of Adaptation addresses fundamental questions about this process of mediation, making use of the fraught category of adaptation to explore how we currently understand the Shakespearean work. To adapt implies there exists something to alter, but what constitutes the category of the ‘play’, and how does it relate to adaptation? How do ‘play’ and ‘adaptation’ relate to drama’s twin media, text and performance? What impact might answers to these questions have on current editorial, performance, and adaptation studies? Margaret Jane Kidnie argues that ‘play’ and ‘adaptation’ are provisional categories - mutually dependent processes that evolve over time in accordance with the needs of users. This theoretical argument about the identity of works and the nature of text and performance is pursued in relation to diverse examples, including theatrical productions by the Royal Shakespeare Company, the BBC’s ShakespeaRe-Told, the Reduced Shakespeare Company, and recent print editions of the complete works. These new readings build up a persuasive picture of the cultural and intellectual processes that determine how the authentically Shakespearean is distinguished from the fraudulent and adaptive. Adaptation thus emerges as the conceptually necessary but culturally problematic category that results from partial or occasional failures to recognize a shifting work in its textual-theatrical instance.

The Heart of His Mystery

Shakespeare and the Catholic Faith in England under Elizabeth and James

Author: John Waterfield

Publisher: iUniverse

ISBN: 1440143412

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 682

View: 4810

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Shakespeare has traditionally been viewed as Queen Elizabeth's 'poet laureate', and as the official mouthpiece of the Elizabethan age. But the Elizabethan world was torn apart by the religious divisions initiated by the Reformation, and vitiated by the government's merciless persecution of Catholics. As it was the victors who wrote the history, the English Reformation has been portrayed as a peaceful transition enjoying majority support, when in fact it was nothing of the kind. Elizabeth's regime was a police state which sanctioned the use of torture, where Catholic priests and those who harboured them were liable to summary and bloody execution. The persecution of Catholics was continued by James I, evoking the violent response of the Gunpowder Plot. The Heart of His Mystery examines Shakespeare's life and work against this background. There is strong biographical evidence that he was himself a Catholic, and a detailed survey of his plays and poems shows that his imagination was intimately bound up with his religious faith. When we realise that his human compassion grew from his membership in a persecuted community, we can glimpse the mystery he has encrypted in his works and we come closer to understanding the hidden heart of Shakespeare the man.

Memoirs of the Life of William Shakespeare

With an Essay Toward the Expression of His Genius, and an Account of the Rise and Progress of the English Drama

Author: Richard Grant White

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Dramatists, English

Page: 425

View: 6342

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Shakespeare, Sex and the Print Revolution

Author: Gordon Williams

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 9780485114959

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 274

View: 5499

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This book investigates how the sexual element in Shakespeare's works is complicated and compromised by the impact of print. Whether the issue is one of censorship and evasion or sexual redefinition, the fact that Shakespeare wrote in the first century of popular print is crucial. Out of the newly-accessible classical canon he creates a reconstituted idea of the sexual temptress; and out of the Counter-Reformation propaganda he fashions his own complex thinking about the prostitute. Shakespeare's theatrical scripts, meeting-ground fro the spoken and written word, contribute powerfully to those socio-sexual debates which had been re-energized by print.

Who Wrote Bacon?

William Shakespeare, Francis Bacon and James I : a Mystery for the Twenty-first Century

Author: Richard Ramsbotham

Publisher: Temple Lodge Publishing

ISBN: 9781902636542

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 162

View: 9336

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For years a popular debate has been raging about whether Shakespeare really was the author of the many famous plays and poems published in his name. Shakespeare could not have accomplished this great feat, argue the doubters, and point instead to other well-known figures. Who Wrote Bacon? offers a completely new perspective, examining afresh the evidence to hand, and introducing unexplored aspects of Rudolf Steiner's spiritual-scientific research. The author discusses Shakespeare's life as an actor, riddles of the debate such as the enigmatic Psalm 46, and the persistent question of Francis Bacon's connection with Shakespeare. In recent years a movement has been gaining ground to establish that Bacon himself covertly wrote Shakespeare's great works. This movement is not content with this radical claim, but further seeks to place Bacon on the chief pedestal of British civilization as something of a patron saint of the modern scientific age. Ramsbotham provides substantial confirmation of a definite connection between Shakespeare and Bacon, but one which radically challenges the conclusions of the Baconian movement.The author also opens up remarkable new perspectives on King James I and his connections not only with Shakespeare and Bacon, but also with Jakob Boehme, Rudolf II, Rosicrucianism, Freemasonry, and the original Globe Theatre. Published 400 years after the Hampton Court Conference of 1604, Who Wrote Bacon? offers a timely contribution to these themes, and shows how they remain of critical importance to understanding the twenty-first century.

Shakespeare Survey

Author: Allardyce Nicoll

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521523530

Category: Drama

Page: 316

View: 1874

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The first fifty volumes of this yearbook of Shakespeare studies are being reissued in paperback.

Acts of Criticism

Performance Matters in Shakespeare and His Contemporaries : Essays in Honor of James P. Lusardi

Author: James P. Lusardi

Publisher: Fairleigh Dickinson Univ Press

ISBN: 9780838640593

Category: Literary Collections

Page: 275

View: 9497

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This book assembles a cast of sixteen distinguished theater historians and performance critics, each of whom has contributed significantly to our understanding of issues associated with performing works of Shakespeare and his contemporaries. Their essays, all appearing in print for the first time, are presented in two groupings: a theater history and practice section, in which contributors examine matters related to performance in Shakespeare's time and our own, and a performance criticism section, in which contributors treat modern productions on stage and screen. In the theater history and practice section, Roslyn L. Knutson explores the 1599-1600 repertory of the Admiral's Men and the Chamberlain's Men, who performed in rival playhouses.

Shakespeare in His Own Age

Author: Allardyce Nicoll

Publisher: CUP Archive

ISBN: 9780521291293

Category: Drama

Page: 276

View: 2112

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A selection of articles examining aspects of Elizabethan life and thought which have received little attention.

The Royal Secret

“Was Francis Bacon the Shakespeare genius?” A thrilling historical mystery of life & death revealing the power politics of today.

Author: John Ransome Bentley

Publisher: Meadow Grove

ISBN: 1919663304

Category: History

Page: 480

View: 9688

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Saving Shakespeares’ Bacon. A thrilling Tudor mystery of romance, intrigue and immortality. An exposé of mystery and intrigue links the power politics of today directly to the seamy spy rings of Queen Elizabeth 1st. Told through the eyes of Mrs G, an American women of today she seeks to uncover the truth of the death of the man she loves. The story reveals the tale of one of the world’s best known men whose rightful claim to the thrones of England and America has been concealed until this day. From Washington to London to Paris and the castles of the Templars, Mrs G has only weeks in which to decrypt clues from the distant past of the Kaballah and the bloodline of Christ himself. As she delves into a world of mysticism she exposes modern science to criticism in its suppression of a superior occult intelligence known only to those who have ruled the world down the Centuries, as they still do today.

The Queen's Man

A John Shakespeare Mystery

Author: Rory Clements

Publisher: Harper Collins

ISBN: 0062301950

Category: Fiction

Page: 100

View: 2431

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England is a viper's nest of conspiracy. It is 1852, and the conflict between Protestants and Catholics threatens to tear the country in two. While Queen Elizabeth I holds the reins of power, there are those whose loyalty lies with her imprisoned cousin—Mary, Queen of Scots. On his first major mission for Sir Francis Walsingham, the young John Shakespeare is ordered to untangle a conspiracy to free the Stuart queen from Sheffield Castle. All too soon, he realizes that the tentacles of the plot reach deep into his native Warwickshire and threaten his own friends and family. His duty lies with Elizabeth … but how far will he go to protect those he loves?

The Tragedy of Othello, the Moor of Venice

Author: William Shakespeare

Publisher: Signet Classics

ISBN: 9780451521323

Category: Fiction

Page: 286

View: 427

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A discussion of the sources and historical background of the play accompanies the text and critical commentaries

The Essential Sangharakshita

A Half-Century of Writings from the Founder of the Friends of the Western Buddhist Order

Author: Urgyen Sangharakshita,Sangharakshita (Bhikshu),Karen Stout

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 0861715853

Category: Literary Collections

Page: 792

View: 5247

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Profoundly knowledgeable and articulate, and equally at home with science, philosophy, myth, art, and poetry, Urgyen Sangharakshita uses every inner avenue to communicate the timeless Dharma to the Western mind. Engaging both the intellect and the heart countless times in a single chapter, the author draws remarkably apt examples from sources as diverse as Orwell, Aeschylus, and Jane Austen. This distilled volume is a primer to the breadth and depth of Buddhist thought and practice.