Shanghai Cooperation Organization - Strategische Partnerschaft zwischen Russland und China

Author: Bianca Hühnerfuß

Publisher: GRIN Verlag

ISBN: 3640989899

Category: Political Science

Page: 24

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Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2009 im Fachbereich Politik - Internationale Politik - Thema: Int. Organisationen u. Verbände, , Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: Am 2. März jährte sich der militärische Konflikt zwischen China und Russland zum vierzigsten Mal. Die Grenzstreitigkeiten waren eskaliert und am Grenzfluss Ussuri standen sich die verfeindete Parteien gegenüber. Heute stehen Russland und China als strategische Partner Seite an Seite. So scheint es jedenfalls, denn trotz gemeinsamer Militär-Manöver und hervorragenden Wirtschaftsbeziehungen überwiegt auf beiden Seiten eine misstrauische Grundhaltung. „Die feindliche Haltung, mit der sich Sowjetunion und Volksrepublik China in den 60er und auch noch 70er Jahren gegenüberstanden, wirkt in die Gegenwart nach.“ Trotz aller Gegensätze ist Zusammenarbeit, die sich nach dem Zerfall der Sowjetunion zwischen Peking und Moskau entwickelte spektakulär. Seit 1996 wird sie von beiden Seiten als „strategische Partnerschaft“ qualifiziert. Das Symbol dieser Partnerschaft ist neben dem 2001 unterzeichneten Freundschaftsvertrag auch das gemeinsame Engagement in der Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO). Die Organisation soll im Mittelpunkt dieser Arbeit stehen und es soll geklärt werden, welche der beiden Nationen die SCO und somit auch die „strategische Partnerschaft“ dominiert und für seine Zwecke ausnutzt. In diesem Zusammenhang ist auch die amerikanische Präsenz in Zentralasien beziehungsweise das strategische Dreieck zwischen den USA, Russland und China von Interesse

Strategy for Security in East AsiaisShanghai Cooperation Organization

Author: Li Hongwei JinFeng, Li

Publisher: Paths International Ltd

ISBN: 184464393X

Category: Political Science

Page: 200

View: 7542

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The Shanghai Cooperation Organization or SCO is a Eurasian political, economic and military organization which was founded in 2001 in Shanghai by the leaders of China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan.This book is written by leading researchers from China and provides an overview of the SCO and examines important meetings, the regional situation and hot-spot issues. The current situation and future prospects for intra-SCO cooperation is also explored.Shanghai Cooperation Organization: Eurasian Security Status and Trend provides information on the current international and regional situations and the complex changes in the geopolitical and economic patterns faced by the SCO, plus in-depth views on the impact of regional hot-spot issues and major events in the development of the SCO. It also provides a comprehensive introduction to intra-SCO cooperation and the vigorous progress that has been achieved in the fields of security, military, economy, transportation, education and culture. It also includes a systematic and objective description of the current situation of the SCO member states and observer states, as well as their relations with the SCO. What makes this book different from others is the predictions and studies on the political and economic trends of the member states and observer states and the policy recommendations given by several experts from within the key organisations.

Der Geruch des Paradieses

Author: Elif Shafak

Publisher: Kein & Aber AG

ISBN: 3036993452

Category: Fiction

Page: 420

View: 9996

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Als Peri auf dem Weg zu einer Dinnerparty in Istanbul auf offener Straße überfallen wird, fällt ein Foto aus ihrer Handtasche ein Relikt aus ihrer Studienzeit in Oxford. Daraufhin wird sie von der Erinnerung an einen Skandal eingeholt, der ihre Welt für immer aus den Fugen gehoben hat. Elif Shafak verwebt meisterhaft Fragen der Liebe, der Schuld und des Glaubens und erzählt, wie der Kampf zwischen Tradition und Moderne die junge Frau zu zerreißen droht.

China's Energy Geopolitics

The Shanghai Cooperation Organization and Central Asia

Author: Thrassy N. Marketos

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134106025

Category: Political Science

Page: 184

View: 9744

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China’s need for energy has become a driving factor in contemporary world politics and a precondition for sustaining China’s continuing high economic growth. Accordingly, Chinese energy policy has been a political and strategic rather than market-driven policy. This book focuses on the need of a stable and secure investment environment which is necessary for the energy provision of China from the Central Asian states. The author argues that the institutionalization of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (S.C.O.), the Friendship and Cooperation Treaty between Russia and China and Chinese bilateral agreements with individual Central Asian states present an avenue and a framework of stability in which pipeline construction can commence. With the backing of the US in the aftermath of the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks, Chinese involvement in the region has now been expanding. However, in order to stabilize the region for Chinese investment in energy resources, the author states that the US needs to be present in the region and that a strategic framework of cooperation between Russia, China and the US has to be developed. The book will be of interest to academics working in the field of International Security, International Relations and Central Asian and Chinese politics.

The Shanghai Cooperation Organization and Eurasian Geopolitics

New Directions, Perspectives, and Challenges

Author: Michael Fredholm,Birgit N. Schlyter

Publisher: Nordic Inst of Asian Studies

ISBN: 9788776941079

Category: Law

Page: 324

View: 3721

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The Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) has developed into a key regional security group in Asia, its member states representing no less than 'half of humanity'. Alarmists believe that the SCO is making itself into a NATO of the East, thus posing a long-term threat to the West. This book looks at the SCO and Eurasion geopolitics in general.

The Security Governance of Regional Organizations

Author: Emil J. Kirchner,Roberto Dominguez

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136645047

Category: Political Science

Page: 368

View: 3028

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The Security Governance of Regional Organizations assesses the effectiveness of regional organizations as regional or global security providers, and examines how policy preferences, resources, capabilities, institutional mechanisms and economic and political cohesion link with collective action behaviour in four security policy functions. It investigates how regional organizations meet the new security threats or respond to strategic geopolitical changes and what adaptations they make in the process. Divided into three parts and using a common analytical framework, the book explains the changing security agenda in ten key regional organizations, each organizational chapter: identifies the nature of threats within the region examines the historical development and the degree of institutionalization assesses the level of governance explores the context of interaction investigates the compliance with the norms of the system of governance. This collection contributes to the ongoing reconceptualization of security and definition of security governance, and explores whether regional security governance processes are unique or similar and whether some organizational experiences can be seen as models for others to follow. It combines a coherent theoretical framework with strong comparative case studies, making it ideal reading for all students of security studies.

U.S.-China Counterterrorism Cooperation: Issues for U.S. Policy

Author: Shirley A. Kan

Publisher: DIANE Publishing

ISBN: 1437919367

Category: China

Page: 27

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After 9/11, the U.S. faced a challenge in enlisting the support of the People¿s Rep. of China (PRC) in the counterterrorism fight against Al Qaeda. This effort raised short-term policy issues about how to elicit coop¿n. and how to address PRC concerns about the U.S.-led war in Iraq. Contents: (1) Aftermath of the 9/11 Attacks; (2) Policy Analysis; (3) Options and Implications for U.S. Policy: Summits and ¿Strategic¿ Ties; Law-Enforcement Coop¿n.; Uighur People in Xinjiang and ¿Terrorist¿ Organization; Detained Uighurs at Guantanamo; Olympic Security and Violent Incidents; Sanctions on Exports of Arms and Security Equipment; Weapons Nonprolif.; Port Security; Military-to-Military Contacts; Shanghai Coop. Organization; PRC-Origin Weapons and Iran.

Strategic Implications of the Evolving Shanghai Cooperation Organization

Author: Henry Plater-Zyberk,Strategic Studies Institute,Andrew Monaghan

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781312431454

Category: Education

Page: 78

View: 9839

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The role of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) in regional politics, and the significance of the organization for U.S. interests, is widely misunderstood. The organization is emphatically not a military bloc, and yet engages in joint activities which resemble military cooperation to U.S. eyes. It is, in theory, open to new members; but at present is highly unlikely to accept any. Its rhetoric firmly opposes U.S. presence and activity on the territory of member states, and yet individual member states leverage basing agreements with the United States to their advantage. This monograph by Mr. Henry Plater-Zyberk seeks to explain the SCO through reviewing its history and stated aspirations, and measuring these against actual achievements. It concludes that with the notable exception of the Regional Anti-Terrorist Structure (RATS), the great majority of SCO accomplishments are of little significance other than to provide an additional multinational vehicle through which China, and in particular Russia...

China's Approach to Central Asia

The Shanghai Co-operation Organisation

Author: Weiqing Song

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317672526

Category: Social Science

Page: 172

View: 1056

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This book examines, comprehensively, the Shanghai Co-operation Organisation, the regional organisation which consists of China, Russia and most of the Central Asian countries. It charts the development of the Organisation from the establishment of its precursor, the Shanghai Five, in 1996, through its own foundation in 2001 to the present. It considers the foreign policy of China and of the other member states, showing how the interests and power of the member states determine the Organisation’s institutions, functional development and relations with non-members. It explores the Organisation’s activities in the fields of politics and security co-operation, economic and energy co-operation, and in culture and education, and concludes with a discussion of how the Organisation is likely to develop in future. Throughout, the book sets the Shanghai Co-operation Organisation in the context of China’s overall strategy towards Central Asia.

Axis of Convenience

Moscow, Beijing, and the New Geopolitics

Author: Bobo Lo

Publisher: Brookings Institution Press

ISBN: 9780815701460

Category: Political Science

Page: 277

View: 7871

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Few relationships have been as misunderstood as the "strategic partnership" between Russia and China. Official rhetoric portrays it as the very model of international cooperation: Moscow and Beijing claim that ties are closer and warmer than at any time in history. In reality, however, the picture is highly ambiguous. While both sides are committed to multifaceted engagement, cooperation is complicated by historical suspicions, cultural prejudices, geopolitical rivalries, and competing priorities. For Russia, China is at once the focus of a genuine convergence of interests and the greatest long-term threat to its national security. For China, Russia is a key supplier of energy and weapons, but is frequently dismissed as a self-important power whose rhetoric far outstrips its real influence. A xis of Convenience cuts through the mythmaking and examines the Sino-Russian partnership on its own merits. It steers between the overblown interpretation of an anti-Western (particularly, anti-American) alliance and the complacent assumption that past animosities and competing agendas must always divide the two nations. Their relationship reflects a new geopolitics, one that eschews formal alliances in favor of more flexible and opportunistic arrangements. Ultimately, it is an axis of convenience driven by cold-eyed perceptions of the national interest. In evaluating the current state and future prospects of the relationship, Bobo Lo assesses its impact on the evolving strategic environments in Central and East Asia. He also analyzes the global implications of rapprochement between Moscow and Beijing, focusing in particular on the geopolitics of energy and Russia-China-U.S. triangularism.

Russia in Transition

Regional Integration, Media Censorship and Culture Institutes

Author: Feng-Yung Hu

Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing

ISBN: 1443863831

Category: Political Science

Page: 210

View: 437

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Russia in Transition: Regional Integration, Media Censorship and Culture Institutes is an attempt to discuss the context of transition in the period of the last two decades in Russia, and give the panorama of Putin’s ruling ideology in national and social development by examining his regional policy and media policy both diplomatically and domestically. Russia-China relations will be the crucial defining factor in terms of international security in the Asian-Pacific region and, as such, are discussed in detail in this volume. The book is a result of a research program sponsored by the National Science Council, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Yuan Ze University, Taiwan, ROC, and the Asian Studies Program at Georgetown University, DC, USA (本研究計畫由行政院國家科學委員會、外交部、元智大學以及美國華盛頓特區喬治城大學亞洲計畫部共同贊助支持).The book is also attributed to “the Major Research Project of the Center for China-Russia Creative Collaboration on Humanity and Social Science”, No. 2012ZD010 (本書為「中俄人文合作協同創新中心重大攻關專案──俄羅斯社會轉型與傳媒發展研究」,批號為2012ZD010), and to the project of 18th IAICS-2012 Annual Convention at YZU in Taiwan (本書亦屬於由元智大學籌畫主辦的第十八屆國際跨文化傳播學研究學會的國際年會指定研究項目). This book is also the international co-project of YZU-MGIMO Forum (台俄國際論壇), the international research program of the Charhar Institute (察哈爾學會), the Program for Promoting Teaching Excellence of Universities (教育部獎勵大學教學卓越計畫), and Taiwan Foundation on Asian-Pacific Peace Studies (APS, R.O.C., 亞太和平研究基金會).

China and International Institutions

Alternate Paths to Global Power

Author: Marc Lanteigne

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9780415365840

Category: History

Page: 230

View: 8833

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China has shifted its foreign policy from one that avoided engagement in international organizations to one that is now embracing them. These moves present a new challenge to international relations theory. How will the global community be affected by the engagement of this massive global power with international institutions? This new study explores why China has chosen to abandon its previous doctrine of institutional isolation and details how it is currently unable to balance American power unilaterally and details an indirect path to greater power. In addition, it includes the first major analysis of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization, comprising China, Russia and most of Central Asia. In contrast to many works on the "rise of China" question, which place an emphasis on her material goods and powers, this book delivers a new approach. It shows how the unique barriers Beijing is facing are preventing the country from taking the traditional paths of territorial expansion and political-economic domination in order to develop as a great power. One of these barriers is the United States and its inherent military and economic strength. The other is the existence of nuclear weapons, which makes direct great power conflict unacceptably costly. China has therefore opted for a new path, using institutions as stepping stones to great power status. This book will be of great interest to students and scholars of international relations, world politics, world history and Asia.