Sheaves on Manifolds

With a Short History. «Les débuts de la théorie des faisceaux». By Christian Houzel

Author: Masaki Kashiwara,Pierre Schapira

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3662026619

Category: Mathematics

Page: 512

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Sheaf Theory is modern, active field of mathematics at the intersection of algebraic topology, algebraic geometry and partial differential equations. This volume offers a comprehensive and self-contained treatment of Sheaf Theory from the basis up, with emphasis on the microlocal point of view. From the reviews: "Clearly and precisely written, and contains many interesting ideas: it describes a whole, largely new branch of mathematics." –Bulletin of the L.M.S.

Weil Conjectures, Perverse Sheaves and l’adic Fourier Transform

Author: Reinhardt Kiehl,Rainer Weissauer

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3662045761

Category: Mathematics

Page: 375

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The authors describe the important generalization of the original Weil conjectures, as given by P. Deligne in his fundamental paper "La conjecture de Weil II". The authors follow the important and beautiful methods of Laumon and Brylinski which lead to a simplification of Deligne's theory. Deligne's work is closely related to the sheaf theoretic theory of perverse sheaves. In this framework Deligne's results on global weights and his notion of purity of complexes obtain a satisfactory and final form. Therefore the authors include the complete theory of middle perverse sheaves. In this part, the l-adic Fourier transform is introduced as a technique providing natural and simple proofs. To round things off, there are three chapters with significant applications of these theories.

Categories and Sheaves

Author: Masaki Kashiwara,Pierre Schapira

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540279504

Category: Mathematics

Page: 498

View: 9875

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Categories and sheaves appear almost frequently in contemporary advanced mathematics. This book covers categories, homological algebra and sheaves in a systematic manner starting from scratch and continuing with full proofs to the most recent results in the literature, and sometimes beyond. The authors present the general theory of categories and functors, emphasizing inductive and projective limits, tensor categories, representable functors, ind-objects and localization.

D-Modules, Perverse Sheaves, and Representation Theory

Author: Ryoshi Hotta,Toshiyuki Tanisaki

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 081764363X

Category: Mathematics

Page: 412

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D-modules continues to be an active area of stimulating research in such mathematical areas as algebraic, analysis, differential equations, and representation theory. Key to D-modules, Perverse Sheaves, and Representation Theory is the authors' essential algebraic-analytic approach to the theory, which connects D-modules to representation theory and other areas of mathematics. To further aid the reader, and to make the work as self-contained as possible, appendices are provided as background for the theory of derived categories and algebraic varieties. The book is intended to serve graduate students in a classroom setting and as self-study for researchers in algebraic geometry, representation theory.

Compact Complex Surfaces

Author: W. Barth,K. Hulek,Chris Peters,A.van de Ven

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3642577393

Category: Mathematics

Page: 436

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In the 19 years which passed since the first edition was published, several important developments have taken place in the theory of surfaces. The most sensational one concerns the differentiable structure of surfaces. Twenty years ago very little was known about differentiable structures on 4-manifolds, but in the meantime Donaldson on the one hand and Seiberg and Witten on the other hand, have found, inspired by gauge theory, totally new invariants. Strikingly, together with the theory explained in this book these invariants yield a wealth of new results about the differentiable structure of algebraic surfaces. Other developments include the systematic use of nef-divisors (in ac cordance with the progress made in the classification of higher dimensional algebraic varieties), a better understanding of Kahler structures on surfaces, and Reider's new approach to adjoint mappings. All these developments have been incorporated in the present edition, though the Donaldson and Seiberg-Witten theory only by way of examples. Of course we use the opportunity to correct some minor mistakes, which we ether have discovered ourselves or which were communicated to us by careful readers to whom we are much obliged.

A Guide to Quantum Groups

Author: Vyjayanthi Chari,Andrew N. Pressley

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521558846

Category: Mathematics

Page: 651

View: 8440

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Since they first arose in the 1970s and early 1980s, quantum groups have proved to be of great interest to mathematicians and theoretical physicists. This book gives a comprehensive view of quantum groups and their applications. The authors build on a self-contained account of the foundations of the subject and go on to treat the more advanced aspects concisely and with detailed references to the literature. Researchers in mathematics and theoretical physics will enjoy this book.

Slenderness

Author: Radoslav Dimitric

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 110847442X

Category: Mathematics

Page: 323

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A leading expert presents a unified concept of slenderness in Abelian categories, with numerous open problems and exercises.

Fourier-Mukai Transforms in Algebraic Geometry

Author: Daniel Huybrechts

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 0199296863

Category: Mathematics

Page: 307

View: 2071

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This work is based on a course given at the Institut de Mathematiques de Jussieu, on the derived category of coherent sheaves on a smooth projective variety. It is aimed at students with a basic knowledge of algebraic geometry and contains full proofs and exercises that aid the reader.

Principles of Algebraic Geometry

Author: Phillip Griffiths,Joseph Harris

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 111862632X

Category: Mathematics

Page: 832

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A comprehensive, self-contained treatment presenting general results of the theory. Establishes a geometric intuition and a working facility with specific geometric practices. Emphasizes applications through the study of interesting examples and the development of computational tools. Coverage ranges from analytic to geometric. Treats basic techniques and results of complex manifold theory, focusing on results applicable to projective varieties, and includes discussion of the theory of Riemann surfaces and algebraic curves, algebraic surfaces and the quadric line complex as well as special topics in complex manifolds.

Foundations of Algebraic Analysis (PMS-37)

Author: Masaki Kashiwara,Takahiro Kawai,Tatsuo Kimura

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400886090

Category: Mathematics

Page: 268

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The use of algebraic methods for studying analysts is an important theme in modern mathematics. The most significant development in this field is microlocal analysis, that is, the local study of differential equations on cotangent bundles. This treatise provides a thorough description of microlocal analysis starting from its foundations. The book begins with the definition of a hyperfunction. It then carefully develops the microfunction theory and its applications to differential equations and theoretical physics. It also provides a description of microdifferential equations, the microlocalization of linear differential equations. Finally, the authors present the structure theorems for systems of microdifferential equations, where the quantized contact transformations are used as a fundamental device. The microfunction theory, together with the quantized contact transformation theory, constitutes a valuable new viewpoint in linear partial differential equations. Originally published in 1986. The Princeton Legacy Library uses the latest print-on-demand technology to again make available previously out-of-print books from the distinguished backlist of Princeton University Press. These editions preserve the original texts of these important books while presenting them in durable paperback and hardcover editions. The goal of the Princeton Legacy Library is to vastly increase access to the rich scholarly heritage found in the thousands of books published by Princeton University Press since its founding in 1905.

Etale Cohomology and the Weil Conjecture

Author: Eberhard Freitag,Reinhardt Kiehl

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3662025418

Category: Mathematics

Page: 320

View: 8911

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Some years ago a conference on l-adic cohomology in Oberwolfach was held with the aim of reaching an understanding of Deligne's proof of the Weil conjec tures. For the convenience of the speakers the present authors - who were also the organisers of that meeting - prepared short notes containing the central definitions and ideas of the proofs. The unexpected interest for these notes and the various suggestions to publish them encouraged us to work somewhat more on them and fill out the gaps. Our aim was to develop the theory in as self contained and as short a manner as possible. We intended especially to provide a complete introduction to etale and l-adic cohomology theory including the monodromy theory of Lefschetz pencils. Of course, all the central ideas are due to the people who created the theory, especially Grothendieck and Deligne. The main references are the SGA-notes [64-69]. With the kind permission of Professor J. A. Dieudonne we have included in the book that finally resulted his excellent notes on the history of the Weil conjectures, as a second introduction. Our original notes were written in German. However, we finally followed the recommendation made variously to publish the book in English. We had the good fortune that Professor W. Waterhouse and his wife Betty agreed to translate our manuscript. We want to thank them very warmly for their willing involvement in such a tedious task. We are very grateful to the staff of Springer-Verlag for their careful work.

Étale Cohomology of Rigid Analytic Varieties and Adic Spaces

Author: Roland Huber

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3663099911

Category: Mathematics

Page: 450

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Diese Forschungsmonographie von hohem mathematischen Niveau liefert einen neuen Zugang zu den rigid-analytischen Räumen, sowie ihrer etalen Kohomologie.USP: Aus der Froschung: Zahlentheorie und Algebraische Geometrie

Vector Fields on Manifolds

Author: Michael Francis Atiyah

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3322985032

Category: Mathematics

Page: 30

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This paper is a contribution to the topological study of vector fields on manifolds. In particular we shall be concerned with the problems of exist ence of r linearly independent vector fields. For r = 1 the classical result of H. Hopf asserts that the vanishing of the Euler characteristic is the necessary and sufficient condition, and our results will give partial extens ions of Hopf's theorem to the case r > 1. Arecent article by E. Thomas [10] gives a good survey of work in this general area. Our approach to these problems is based on the index theory of elliptic differential operators and is therefore rather different from the standard topological approach. Briefly speaking, what we do is to observe that certain invariants of a manifold (Euler characteristic, signature, etc. ) are indices of elliptic operators (see [5]) and the existence of a certain number of vector fields implies certain symmetry conditions for these operators and hence corresponding results for their indices. In this way we obtain certain necessary conditions for the existence of vector fields and, more generally , for the existence of fields of tangent planes. For example, one of our results is the following THEOREM (1. 1). Let X be a compact oriented smooth manifold 0/ dimension 4 q, and assume that X possesses a tangent fteld of oriented 2-planes (that is, an oriented 2-dimensional sub-bundle 0/ the tangent vector bundle).

C.

I.M. HOMOLOGY

Author: Saunders Mac Lane,Saunders MacLane

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540586623

Category: Mathematics

Page: 422

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In presenting this treatment of homological algebra, it is a pleasure to acknowledge the help and encouragement which I have had from all sides. Homological algebra arose from many sources in algebra and topology. Decisive examples came from the study of group extensions and their factor sets, a subject I learned in joint work with OTTO SCHIL LING. A further development of homological ideas, with a view to their topological applications, came in my long collaboration with SAMUEL ElLENBERG; to both collaborators, especial thanks. For many years the Air Force Office of Scientific Research supported my research projects on various subjects now summarized here; it is a pleasure to acknowledge their lively understanding of basic science. Both REINHOLD BAER and JOSEF SCHMID read and commented on my entire manuscript; their advice has led to many improvements. ANDERS KOCK and JACQUES RIGUET have read the entire galley proof and caught many slips and obscurities. Among the others whose sug gestions have served me well, I note FRANK ADAMS, LOUIS AUSLANDER, WILFRED COCKCROFT, ALBRECHT DOLD, GEOFFREY HORROCKS, FRIED RICH KASCH, JOHANN LEICHT, ARUNAS LIULEVICIUS, JOHN MOORE, DIE TER PUPPE, JOSEPH YAO, and a number of my current students at the University of Chicago - not to m~ntion the auditors of my lectures at Chicago, Heidelberg, Bonn, Frankfurt, and Aarhus. My wife, DOROTHY, has cheerfully typed more versions of more chapters than she would like to count. Messrs.

Essential Topology

Author: Martin D. Crossley

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781852337827

Category: Mathematics

Page: 224

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This thoroughly modern introduction to undergraduate topology brings the most exciting and useful aspects of modern topology to the reader. Containing all the key results of basic topology, this book concentrates on uniting the most interesting aspects of the subject with aspects that are most useful to research. It is suitable for self-study, and will leave the reader both motivated and well prepared for further study.

A Combinatorial Introduction to Topology

Author: Michael Henle

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 9780486679662

Category: Mathematics

Page: 310

View: 5548

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Excellent text covers vector fields, plane homology and the Jordan Curve Theorem, surfaces, homology of complexes, more. Problems and exercises. Some knowledge of differential equations and multivariate calculus required.Bibliography. 1979 edition.