Slavery, Freedom, and the Law in the Atlantic World

A Brief History with Documents

Author: Sue Peabody,Keila Grinberg

Publisher: Macmillan

ISBN: 9780312411763

Category: History

Page: 201

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This book gives readers firsthand accounts of slaves' lawsuits for freedom during the rapidly changing periods of plantation slavery, national independence, and abolition. While some of the earliest texts included provide a legal background for sixteenth- to early seventeenth-century slavery, most documents concentrate on the late eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, when the new United States, Haiti, and Latin American nations struggled for independence and attempted to define the emerging categories of citizenship, often linked to race. --pref.

Slavery, Freedom, and Abolition in Latin America and the Atlantic World

Author: Christopher Schmidt-Nowara

Publisher: University of New Mexico Press

ISBN: 0826339050

Category: History

Page: 222

View: 5493

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The last New World countries to abolish slavery were Cuba and Brazil, more than twenty years after slave emancipation in the United States. Why slavery was so resilient and how people in Latin America fought against it are the subjects of this compelling study. Beginning with the roots of African slavery in the fifteenth- and sixteenth-century Iberian empires, this work explores central issues, including the transatlantic slave trade, labor, Afro-Latin American cultures, racial identities in colonial slave societies, and the spread of antislavery ideas and social movements. A study of Latin America, this work, with its Atlantic-world framework, will also appeal to students of slavery and abolition in other Atlantic empires and nation-states in the early modern and modern eras.

Settlers, Liberty, and Empire

The Roots of Early American Political Theory, 1675–1775

Author: Craig Yirush

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139496042

Category: History

Page: N.A

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Traces the emergence of a revolutionary conception of political authority on the far shores of the eighteenth-century Atlantic world. Based on the equal natural right of English subjects to leave the realm, claim indigenous territory and establish new governments by consent, this radical set of ideas culminated in revolution and republicanism. But unlike most scholarship on early American political theory, Craig Yirush does not focus solely on the revolutionary era of the late eighteenth century. Instead, he examines how the political ideas of settler elites in British North America emerged in the often-forgotten years between the Glorious Revolution in America and the American Revolution against Britain. By taking seriously an imperial world characterized by constitutional uncertainty, geo-political rivalry and the ongoing presence of powerful Native American peoples, Yirush provides a long-term explanation for the distinctive ideas of the American Revolution.

The California Gold Rush and the Coming of the Civil War

Author: Leonard L. Richards

Publisher: Vintage

ISBN: 0307267377

Category: History

Page: 304

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Award-winning historian Leonard L. Richards gives us an authoritative and revealing portrait of an overlooked harbinger of the terrible battle that was to come. When gold was discovered at Sutter's Mill in 1848, Americans of all stripes saw the potential for both wealth and power. Among the more calculating were Southern slave owners. By making California a slave state, they could increase the value of their slaves—by 50 percent at least, and maybe much more. They could also gain additional influence in Congress and expand Southern economic clout, abetted by a new transcontinental railroad that would run through the South. Yet, despite their machinations, California entered the union as a free state. Disillusioned Southerners would agitate for even more slave territory, leading to the Kansas-Nebraska Act and, ultimately, to the Civil War itself.

Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, an American Slave

Author: Frederick Douglass

Publisher: Big Nest via PublishDrive

ISBN: 1910833819

Category: Fiction

Page: 106

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One of the most influential pieces of literature to fuel the abolitionist movement of the early 19th century in the United States, Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass is a memoir and treatise on abolition written by famous orator and former slave Frederick Douglass. In factual detail, the text describes the events of his life.

Before Haiti: Race and Citizenship in French Saint-Domingue

Author: J. Garrigus

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1403984433

Category: History

Page: 397

View: 8894

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Please note this is a 'Palgrave to Order' title (PTO). Stock of this book requires shipment from an overseas supplier. It will be delivered to you within 12 weeks. This book details how France's most profitable plantation colony became Haiti, Latin America's first independent nation, through an uprising by slaves and the largest and wealthiest free population of people of African descent in the New World. Garrigus explains the origins of this free colored class, exposes the ways its members supported and challenged slavery, and examines how they shaped a new 'American' identity.

Slave and Citizen

Author: Frank Tannenbaum

Publisher: Vintage

ISBN: 0307826554

Category: Social Science

Page: 352

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Slave & Citizen deals with one of the most intriguing problems presented by the development of the New World: the contrast between the legal and social positions of the Negro in the United States and in Latin America. It is well-known that in Brazil and in the Caribbean area, Negroes do not suffer legal or even major social disabilities on account of color, and that a long history of acceptance and miscegenation has erased the sharp line between white and colored. Professor Tannenbaum, one of our leading authorities on Latin America, asks why there has been such a sharp distinction between the United States and the other parts of the New World into which Negroes were originally brought as slaves. In the legal structure of the United States, the Negro slave became property. There has been little experience with Negro slaves in England, and the ancient and medieval traditions affecting slavery had died out. As property, the slave was without rights to marriage, to children, to the product of his work, or to freedom. In the Iberian peninsula, on the other hand, Negro slaves were common, and the laws affecting them were well developed. Therefore, in the colonies of Spain and Portugal, while the slave was the lowest person in the social order, he was still a human being, with some rights, and some means by which he might achieve freedom. Only the United States made a radical split with the tradition in which all men, even slaves, had certain inalienable rights.

The Amistad Rebellion

An Atlantic Odyssey of Slavery and Freedom

Author: Marcus Rediker

Publisher: Penguin

ISBN: 014312398X

Category: History

Page: 302

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A scholarly account of the nineteenth-century slave ship rebellion presented from the perspectives of the slaves discusses their fight for freedom within the context of the chain of resistance spanning the earliest slave revolts through the Civil Rights era.

The Art of Conversion

Christian Visual Culture in the Kingdom of Kongo

Author: Cécile Fromont

Publisher: UNC Press Books

ISBN: 1469618729

Category: Art

Page: 328

View: 553

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Between the sixteenth and the nineteenth centuries, the west central African kingdom of Kongo practiced Christianity and actively participated in the Atlantic world as an independent, cosmopolitan realm. Drawing on an expansive and largely unpublished set of objects, images, and documents, Cecile Fromont examines the advent of Kongo Christian visual culture and traces its development across four centuries marked by war, the Atlantic slave trade, and, finally, the rise of nineteenth-century European colonialism. By offering an extensive analysis of the religious, political, and artistic innovations through which the Kongo embraced Christianity, Fromont approaches the country's conversion as a dynamic process that unfolded across centuries. The African kingdom's elite independently and gradually intertwined old and new, local and foreign religious thought, political concepts, and visual forms to mold a novel and constantly evolving Kongo Christian worldview. Fromont sheds light on the cross-cultural exchanges between Africa, Europe, and Latin America that shaped the early modern world, and she outlines the religious, artistic, and social background of the countless men and women displaced by the slave trade from central Africa to all corners of the Atlantic world.

The Great New Orleans Kidnapping Case

Race, Law, and Justice in the Reconstruction Era

Author: Michael Anthony Ross

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0199778809

Category: History

Page: 309

View: 2065

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Recounts a famous kidnapping that took place in New Orleans in 1870, in which a seventeen-month-old white child was taken by two African-American women, and the resulting public hysteria that led to racial tensions, political divisions, and false accusations and arrests.

The Significance of the Frontier in American History

Author: Frederick Jackson Turner

Publisher: Penguin UK

ISBN: 014196331X

Category: History

Page: 128

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This hugely influential work marked a turning point in US history and culture, arguing that the nation’s expansion into the Great West was directly linked to its unique spirit: a rugged individualism forged at the juncture between civilization and wilderness, which – for better or worse – lies at the heart of American identity today. Throughout history, some books have changed the world. They have transformed the way we see ourselves – and each other. They have inspired debate, dissent, war and revolution. They have enlightened, outraged, provoked and comforted. They have enriched lives – and destroyed them. Now Penguin brings you the works of the great thinkers, pioneers, radicals and visionaries whose ideas shook civilization and helped make us who we are.

Enjoy the Same Liberty

Black Americans and the Revolutionary Era

Author: Edward Countryman

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 1442200286

Category: History

Page: 189

View: 6822

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A narrative exploration of the American Revolution in the context of the African-American experience analyzes questions about what freedom and democracy mean for black Americans, covering such topics as the tasks faced by freedom-seeking slaves, the revolutionary nature of abolitionist sentiments and how slaves remembered the Revolution.

Sacco and Vanzetti

The Men, the Murders, and the Judgment of Mankind

Author: Bruce Watson

Publisher: Penguin

ISBN: 9780670063536

Category: History

Page: 433

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Documents the infamous 1927 trial and execution of Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti, from the anarchist bombings in Washington, D.C., for which they may have been wrongfully convicted to the fierce public debates that have subsequently occurred as a result of the case.

Birthright

The True Story that Inspired Kidnapped

Author: A. Roger Ekirch

Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company

ISBN: 0393066150

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 258

View: 8927

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The award-winning author of At Day's Close describes the 18th-century kidnapping of British aristocratic heir James Annesley, which inspired Robert Louis Stevenson's Kidnapped, and explains how Annesley escaped indentured servitude in America to return to Dublin, bring down his nemesis and reclaim his rightful place in society.

For the Thrill of It

Leopold, Loeb, and the Murder That Shocked Jazz Age Chicago

Author: Simon Baatz

Publisher: Harper Collins

ISBN: 006182884X

Category: History

Page: 560

View: 1244

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It was a crime that shocked the nation: the brutal murder in Chicago in 1924 of a child by two wealthy college students who killed solely for the thrill of the experience. Nathan Leopold and Richard Loeb were intellectuals—too smart, they believed, for the police to catch them. When they were apprehended, state's attorney Robert Crowe was certain that no defense could save the ruthless killers from the gallows. But the families of the confessed murderers hired Clarence Darrow, entrusting the lives of their sons to the most famous lawyer in America in what would be one of the most sensational criminal trials in the history of American justice. Set against the backdrop of the 1920s—a time of prosperity, self-indulgence, and hedonistic excess in a lawless city on the brink of anarchy—For the Thrill of It draws the reader into a world of speakeasies and flappers, of gangsters and gin parties, with a spellbinding narrative of Jazz Age murder and mystery.

"There are No Slaves in France"

The Political Culture of Race and Slavery in the Ancien Régime

Author: Sue Peabody

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780195158663

Category: History

Page: 210

View: 1842

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"There Are No Slaves in France": The Political Culture of Race and Slavery in the Ancient Regime examines the paradox of political antislavery and institutional racism in the century prior to the French Revolution. Black slaves who came to France as domestic servants of colonial masters challenged their servitude in courts. On the basis of the Freedom Principle, ̃a judicial maxim granting freedom to any slave who set foot in the kingdom, hundreds of slaves won their freedom.

There Goes My Everything

White Southerners in the Age of Civil Rights, 1945-1975

Author: Jason Sokol

Publisher: Vintage

ISBN: 0307491811

Category: History

Page: 464

View: 4415

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During the civil rights movement, epic battles for justice were fought in the streets, at lunch counters, and in the classrooms of the American South. Just as many battles were waged, however, in the hearts and minds of ordinary white southerners whose world became unrecognizable to them. Jason Sokol’s vivid and unprecedented account of white southerners’ attitudes and actions, related in their own words, reveals in a new light the contradictory mixture of stubborn resistance and pragmatic acceptance–as well as the startling and unexpected personal transformations–with which they greeted the enforcement of legal equality. From the Trade Paperback edition.

Native American Autobiography

An Anthology

Author: Arnold Krupat

Publisher: Univ of Wisconsin Press

ISBN: 9780299140243

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 546

View: 9360

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Native American Autobiography is the first collection to bring together the major autobiographical narratives by Native American people from the earliest documents that exist to the present. The thirty narratives included here cover a range of tribes and cultural areas, over a span of more than 200 years. From the earliest known written memoir—a 1768 narrative by the Reverend Samson Occom, a Mohegan, reproduced as a chapter here—to recent reminiscences by such prominent writers as N. Scott Momaday and Gerald Vizenor, the book covers a broad range of Native American experience. The sections include “Traditional Lives;” “The Christian Indians, from the Eighteenth Century to Indian Removal, 1830;” “The Resisting Indians, from Indian Removal to Wounded Knee, 1830-90;” “The Closed Frontier, 1890-;” “The Anthropologists' Indians, 1900-;” “'Native American Renaissance,' 1968-;” and “Traditional Lives Today.” Editor Arnold Krupat provides a general introduction, a historical introduction to each of the seven sections, extensive headnotes for each selection, and suggestions for further reading, making this an ideal resource for courses in American literature, history, anthropology, and Native American studies. General readers, too, will find a wealth of fascinating material in the life stories of these Native American men and women. "This is the first comprehensive anthology of American Indian autobiography ever published. It will be of interest to virtually anyone teaching or studying the literatures of the native peoples of North America, as well as to a general audience, because of the informative, literate introductions and the absorbing narratives themselves."—William L. Andrews, series editor

The Color of Empire

Race and American Foreign Relations

Author: Michael L. Krenn

Publisher: Potomac Books, Inc.

ISBN: 1597974730

Category: History

Page: 147

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At first glance, it may be difficult to accept that race and racism play a major role, whether conscious or subconscious, in policymaking. But leaders are products of their upbringing and era, and even some of America's best-educated presidents and secretaries of state have been slave owners, segregationists, or bigots. Some belong to America's distant past, but it was not so long ago that the civil rights movement began to correct America's troubled race relations. While race has rarely served as the primary motivating factor in America's foreign policies, Michael Krenn shows that it has functioned as both a powerful justification for U.S. actions abroad and a significant influence on their shape, direction, and intensity. Portraying nonwhite races as inferior allowed U.S. policymakers to rationalize territorial expansion at the expense of Native Americans and Mexico, to demonize the enemy in wars fought against Filipino insurgents and Japanese soldiers, and to justify intervention in developing nations. Racism made America's leaders soft on European colonialism, and U.S. racial segregation laws were an obstacle to winning hearts and minds in the developing world during the Cold War. Race plays a more subtle role in U.S. foreign relations today, but speeches about turning the war on terror into a crusade, the abuse of detainees in military prisons, and apathy toward genocide in Darfur can be explained, in part, by prejudice. The Color of Empire challenges readers to recognize that American perceptions and prejudices about race have influenced the conduct of U.S. foreign relations from the colonial era to the present. This concise survey is an excellent introduction to the topic for both students and general readers.