Karl Marx on Society and Social Change

With Selections by Friedrich Engels

Author: Karl Marx,Friedrich Engels

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226509181

Category: Philosophy

Page: 206

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This volume presents those writings of Marx that best reveal his contribution to sociology, particularly to the theory of society and social change. The editor, Neil J. Smelser, has divided these selections into three topical sections and has also included works by Friedrich Engels. The first section, "The Structure of Society," contains Marx's writings on the material basis of classes, the basis of the state, and the basis of the family. Among the writings included in this section are Marx's well-known summary from the Preface of A Contribution to a Critique of Political Economy and his equally famous observations on the functional significance of religion in relation to politics. The second section is titled "The Sweep of Historical Change." The first selection here contains Marx's first statement of the main precapitalist forms of production. The second selection focuses on capitalism, its contradictions, and its impending destruction. Two brief final selections treat the nature of communism, particularly its freedom from the kinds of contradictions that have plagued all earlier forms of societies. The last section, "The Mechanisms of Change," reproduces several parts of Marx's analysis of the mechanisms by which contradictions develop in capitalism and generate group conflicts. Included is an analysis of competition and its effects on the various classes, a discussion of economic crises and their effects on workers, and Marx's presentation of the historical specifics of the class struggle. In his comprehensive Introduction to the selections, Professor Smelser provides a biography of Marx, indentifies the various intellectual traditions which formed the background for Marx's writings, and discusses the selections which follow. The editor describes Marx's conception of society as a social system, the differences between functionalism and Marx's theories, and the dynamics of economic and political change as analyzed by Marx.

Sociologists in Action

Sociology, Social Change, and Social Justice

Author: Kathleen Odell Korgen,Jonathan M. White,Shelley K. White

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1452203113

Category: Social Science

Page: 305

View: 718

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Brings the subject matter of sociology to life for students. Linking theory and practice, this textbook explores how sociological knowledge is used in the community to fight for social change and justice.

Understanding Social Change

Author: Professor of Sociology Senior Research Fellow Anthony Heath,Anthony F. Heath,John Ermisch,Duncan Gallie,British Academy

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780197263143

Category: Political Science

Page: 364

View: 6617

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These essays not only describe the major changes in British society in recent years, but seek to understand and explain what is happening. While there have been rapid changes in overall levels, there have been slower changes in relativities, and this distinction is fundamental to a proper understanding of contemporary society. The book considers the wide variety of mechanisms that underlie these changes, in particular processes of social interaction. The complex and often ill-understood nature of these mechanisms may be a major reason why so much social reform has proved ineffective. The verdict on social reforms in education, gender inequalities and ethnic inequalities is rather negative; sociologists have been concerned about the unintended consequences of social action.

Law and Social Change

Author: Sharyn L Roach Anleu

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1446204804

Category: Social Science

Page: 312

View: 6184

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This is a timely new edition of Sharyn L Roach Anleu's invaluable introduction to the sociology of law and its role as a social institution and social process. Discussing current theory and key empirical research from a diverse range of perspectives Law and Social Change gives relevant examples, from various cultures and societies, to provide a sociological view which goes beyond more jurisprudential approaches to law and society. The book: • provides coverage of major classic and contemporary social theories of law • is informed by empirical research drawn from several countries/societies • includes up to date and relevant examples This thoroughly updated edition engages with modern scholarship, and recent research, on globalization whilst also looking at related issues such as the internationalization of law and human rights. It explores recent reforms at local and national levels, including issues of migration and refugees, the regulation of 'anti-social' behaviour, and specialist or problem solving courts and also provides a clear, accessible introduction to research methods used in the socio-legal field. Direct and wide-ranging this text will be essential reading for students and researchers on social science and law courses and in particular, those taking sociology, legal theory, criminology and criminal justice studies.

Families, Violence and Social Change

Author: Linda McKie

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Education (UK)

ISBN: 0335226450

Category: Education

Page: 178

View: 3581

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This book tackles assumptions surrounding the family as a changing institution and supposed haven from the public sphere of life. It considers families and social change in terms of concepts of power, inequality, gender, generations, sexuality and ethnicity. Some commentators suggest the family is threatened by increasing economic and social uncertainties and an enhanced focus upon the individual. This book provides a resume of these debates, as well as a critical review of the theories of family and social change.

Cultures and Societies in a Changing World

Author: Wendy Griswold

Publisher: Pine Forge Press

ISBN: 1412961262

Category: Social Science

Page: 204

View: 535

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"The author takes a global approach by considering cultural examples from various countries and time periods, be delving into the ways globalization processes are affecting cultures, and by offering an explanation of post-Cold War culture-related conflicts. Readers will develop a deeper appreciation of culture and society from this text, gleaning useful insights that will help them overcome cultural misunderstandings, conflicts, and ignorance and equip them to live their professional and personal lives as effective, wise citizens of the world."--BOOK JACKET.

Education and Society

Author: A.K.C. Ottaway

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134554354

Category: Social Science

Page: 224

View: 6636

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First published in 1998. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Social Change And Social Control

Author: Rajendra Kumar Sharma

Publisher: Atlantic Publishers & Dist

ISBN: 9788171566679

Category: Social change

Page: 328

View: 6974

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This Book Covers Syllabi In The Papers Social Dynamics; Social Change And Social Control, Prescribed By Indian Universities. Part I On Social Change Includes The Discussion Of Social Change, Social Selection, Theories Of Social Change, Social Development, Social Evolution, Social Revolution And Factors And Sources Of Social Change Including Population; Fashion, Style, Fad And Craze; Education; Culture And Civilization; Social Progress, Social Interaction And Social Processes. Part Ii On Social Control Includes Discussion On Social Organization, Status And Role; Individual, Society And Socialization; Suggestion, Imitation And Sympathy, Meaning, Types And Agencies Of Social Control And Factors And Sources Of Social Control Including Social Groups, Family Group, Political Institutions, Economic Institutions, Religious Institutions, Propaganda, Public Opinion And Social Codes.

Religion, Media, and Social Change

Author: Kennet Granholm,Marcus Moberg,Sofia Sjö

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 131780418X

Category: Social Science

Page: 214

View: 3482

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In an era of heightened globalization, macro-level transformations in the general socioeconomic and cultural makeup of modern societies have been studied in great depth. Yet little attention has been paid to the growing influence of media and mass-mediated popular culture on contemporary religious sensibilities, life, and practice. Religion, Media, and Social Change explores the correlation between the study of religion, media, and popular culture and broader sociological theorizing on religious change. Contributions devote serious attention to broadly-defined media including technologies, institutions, and social and cultural environments, as well as mass-mediated popular culture such as film, music, television, and computer games. This interdisciplinary collection addresses important theoretical and methodological questions by connecting the study of media and popular culture to current perspectives, approaches, and discussions in the broader sociological study of religion.

Self and Society

Social Change and Individual Development

Author: Nevitt Sanford

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351491555

Category: Psychology

Page: 398

View: 4067

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How does his social environment change an individual, and why do these changes occur? Can social institutions be shaped and molded profoundly enough to afford each member of a society his maximum potential for happiness, effective functioning, and complete development? In this new work a distinguished psychologist evolves a theory of personality and society designed to help guide the work of institutions responsible for individual growth and development. Drawing on his vast experience--as an educator, a prison psychologist, a practicing psychoanalyst, and as the director of major studies in child development, personality assessment, the social psychology of higher education, and alcoholism and related problems--Professor Sanford has designed a developmental model intended to guide work in institutions which mold the individual: from family through schools, colleges, child guidance clinics, and mental hospitals. With exceptional lucidity, he examines the central issues in furthering desirable change through intervention in individual and group processes. He achieves notable advances in integrating personality theory and sociological theory: he joins psychoanalytic "ego psychologists" and other personality theorists in developing a dynamic-organismic theory broader than that of classical psychoanalysis and more in keeping with contemporary social theory. The author's clear style and firm grasp of his subject add further to the significance of Self and Society. It will be a stimulating textbook in social psychology, personality, and culture, and personality, and will make indispensable reading for behavioral scientists, psychiatrists, and educators, as well as for all professionals who work to promote mental health, education and social welfare.

Women's Health and Social Change

Author: Ellen Annandale

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134655517

Category: Medical

Page: 192

View: 3530

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Shortlisted for the BSA Sociology of Health and Illness Book Prize 2009 Traditional distinctions between the experiences of women and men are breaking down and being reconfigured in new, more complex ways. The long-established life expectancy gap between men and women appears to be closing in many affluent societies. Many men appear to be far more ‘body and health conscious’ than they ever were in the past and there are perceptible changes in women’s ‘health behaviours’, such as increases in cigarette smoking and alcohol consumption. Ellen Annandale provides a comprehensive and persuasive analysis of the contemporary social relations of gender and women’s health, arguing that the once all important sex/gender distinction fosters an undue separation between the social and the biological whereas it is their interaction and flexibility that is important in the production of health and illness. New theoretical tools are needed in a world where the meaning and lived experience of biological sex and of social gender, as well as the connections between them, are far more fluid. This book takes a step forward, outlining what an adequate feminist analysis of women’s health might look like. Women’s Health and Social Change will be of interest to academics and students working in sociology, women’s studies, gender studies, social medicine, social policy, nursing and midwifery.

Structure and Change in Indian Society

Author: Milton B. Singer,Bernard S. Cohn

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 9780202369334

Category: History

Page: 507

View: 9949

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Recent theoretical and methodological innovations in the anthropological analysis of South Asian societies have introduced distinctive modifications in the study of Indian social structure and social change. This book, reporting on twenty empirical studies of Indian society conducted by outstanding scholars, reflects these trends not only with reference to Indian society itself, but also in terms of the relevance of such trends to an understanding of social change more generally. The contributors demonstrate the adaptive changes experienced by the studied groups in particular villages, towns, cities, and regions. The authors view the basic social units of joint family, caste, and village not as structural isolates, but as intimately connected with one another and with other social units through social and cultural networks of various kinds that incorporate the social units into the complex structure of Indian civilization. Within this broadened conception of social structure, these studies trace the changing relations of politics, economics, law, and language to the caste system. Showing that the caste system is dynamic, with upward and downward mobility characterizing it from pre-British times to the present, the studies suggest that the modernizing forces which entered the system since independence--parliamentary democracy, universal suffrage, land reforms, modern education, urbanization, and industrial technology--provided new opportunities and paths to upward mobility, but did not radically alter the system. The chapters in this book show that the study of Indian society reveals novel forms of social structure change. They introduce methods and theories that may well encourage social scientists to extend the study of change in Indian society to the study of change in other areas. Milton Singer (1912-1994) was Paul Klapper Professor of Social Sciences and professor of anthropology at the University of Chicago. He was a fellow of the Academy of Arts and Sciences. He was also chosen as a distinguished lecturer by the American Anthropological Association and was the recipient of the Distinguished Scholar Award of the Association for Asian Studies. Bernard S. Cohn (1918-2003) was Professor Emeritus of Anthropology at the University of Chicago. He was widely known for his work on India during the British colonial period and wrote many books on the subject of India including India: The Social Anthropology of a Civilization (1971), An Anthropologist among the Historians and Other Essays (1987), and Colonialism and its Forms of Knowledge (1996).

Social and Cultural Change

Social Science for a Dynamic World

Author: Jay A. Weinstein

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9780742525740

Category: Social Science

Page: 393

View: 4517

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This book includes a comprehensive survey of the theories and principles employed by sociologists, anthropologists, and other social scientists in the study of sociocultural change. Employing these tools, the later chapters examine the major trends and challenges that face today's rapidly globalizing world. Students are asked to consider how they can participate actively in shaping the events that affect their lives. Among the book's pedagogical features are well over one hundred Web sites, organized by chapter and topic, which connect the text with contemporary events and commentary. Visit our website for sample chapters!

Sociology in a Changing World

Author: William Kornblum

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 1111301573

Category: Social Science

Page: 640

View: 4670

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Help your students visualize sociology all around them with William Kornblum's vibrant, visual, and research-based new ninth edition of SOCIOLOGY IN A CHANGING WORLD. Comprehensive and student friendly, SOCIOLOGY IN A CHANGING WORLD presents a thematic approach that emphasizes the reality of social change and its impact on individuals, groups, and societies throughout the world. This unique emphasis on social change--which is visited in the book's features--helps students understand our similarities, our differences, and society as a whole. The text carefully balances contemporary and classic theory and research, with special attention to the works of female and minority social scientists and cross-cultural studies. Kornblum applies all the major perspectives of sociology without giving undue emphasis to any single approach. Additionally, SOCIOLOGY IN A CHANGING WORLD is the chosen text for the Exploring Society: Introduction to Sociology Telecourse from Dallas TeleLearning. Challenging yet accessible, interesting and scholarly, Kornblum's ninth edition helps students think like sociologists long after their college experience. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

CliffsQuickReview Sociology

Author: George D Zgourides

Publisher: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt

ISBN: 0544185137

Category: Social Science

Page: 256

View: 6282

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CliffsQuickReview course guides cover the essentials of your toughest classes. Get a firm grip on core concepts and key material, and test your newfound knowledge with review questions. CliffsQuickReview Sociology provides you with an in-depth review of the principles of sociology — the scientific study of human groups and social behavior. Because sociology examines how social relationships influence people's attitudes and how societies form and change, sociology has an incredibly broad scope. This guide boils sociology down to easy-to-understand terms and concepts, and as you work your way through this reference, you'll be ready to tackle such concepts as The sociological perspective and research methods Cultures and societies, and socialization Social groups and organizations Deviance, crime, and social control Social and global stratification Race and ethnicity, and sex and gender Economics, politics, education, marriage, family, and alternative lifestyles Religion, health, medicine Social change and movements CliffsQuickReview Sociology acts as a supplement to your textbook and to classroom lectures. Use this reference in any way that fits your personal style for study and review — you decide what works best with your needs. You can read it from cover to cover, or just use it when you need important information and put it back on the shelf for later. With titles available for all the most popular high school and college courses, CliffsQuickReview guides are a comprehensive resource that can help you get the best possible grades.