Karl Marx on Society and Social Change

With Selections by Friedrich Engels

Author: Karl Marx

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 022617378X

Category: Philosophy

Page: 248

View: 3927

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This volume presents those writings of Marx that best reveal his contribution to sociology, particularly to the theory of society and social change. The editor, Neil J. Smelser, has divided these selections into three topical sections and has also included works by Friedrich Engels. The first section, "The Structure of Society," contains Marx's writings on the material basis of classes, the basis of the state, and the basis of the family. Among the writings included in this section are Marx's well-known summary from the Preface of A Contribution to a Critique of Political Economy and his equally famous observations on the functional significance of religion in relation to politics. The second section is titled "The Sweep of Historical Change." The first selection here contains Marx's first statement of the main precapitalist forms of production. The second selection focuses on capitalism, its contradictions, and its impending destruction. Two brief final selections treat the nature of communism, particularly its freedom from the kinds of contradictions that have plagued all earlier forms of societies. The last section, "The Mechanisms of Change," reproduces several parts of Marx's analysis of the mechanisms by which contradictions develop in capitalism and generate group conflicts. Included is an analysis of competition and its effects on the various classes, a discussion of economic crises and their effects on workers, and Marx's presentation of the historical specifics of the class struggle. In his comprehensive Introduction to the selections, Professor Smelser provides a biography of Marx, indentifies the various intellectual traditions which formed the background for Marx's writings, and discusses the selections which follow. The editor describes Marx's conception of society as a social system, the differences between functionalism and Marx's theories, and the dynamics of economic and political change as analyzed by Marx.

Understanding Social Change

Author: Professor of Sociology Senior Research Fellow Anthony Heath,Anthony F. Heath,John Ermisch,Duncan Gallie,British Academy

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780197263143

Category: Political Science

Page: 364

View: 2230

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These essays not only describe the major changes in British society in recent years, but seek to understand and explain what is happening. While there have been rapid changes in overall levels, there have been slower changes in relativities, and this distinction is fundamental to a proper understanding of contemporary society. The book considers the wide variety of mechanisms that underlie these changes, in particular processes of social interaction. The complex and often ill-understood nature of these mechanisms may be a major reason why so much social reform has proved ineffective. The verdict on social reforms in education, gender inequalities and ethnic inequalities is rather negative; sociologists have been concerned about the unintended consequences of social action.

Families, Violence and Social Change

Author: Linda McKie

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Education (UK)

ISBN: 0335226450

Category: Education

Page: 178

View: 8256

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This book tackles assumptions surrounding the family as a changing institution and supposed haven from the public sphere of life. It considers families and social change in terms of concepts of power, inequality, gender, generations, sexuality and ethnicity. Some commentators suggest the family is threatened by increasing economic and social uncertainties and an enhanced focus upon the individual. This book provides a resume of these debates, as well as a critical review of the theories of family and social change.

Cultures and Societies in a Changing World

Author: Wendy Griswold

Publisher: Pine Forge Press

ISBN: 1412961262

Category: Social Science

Page: 204

View: 2185

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"The author takes a global approach by considering cultural examples from various countries and time periods, be delving into the ways globalization processes are affecting cultures, and by offering an explanation of post-Cold War culture-related conflicts. Readers will develop a deeper appreciation of culture and society from this text, gleaning useful insights that will help them overcome cultural misunderstandings, conflicts, and ignorance and equip them to live their professional and personal lives as effective, wise citizens of the world."--BOOK JACKET.

Education and Society

Author: A.K.C. Ottaway

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134554354

Category: Social Science

Page: 224

View: 5967

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First published in 1998. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Law and Social Change

Author: Sharyn L Roach Anleu

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1446204804

Category: Social Science

Page: 312

View: 6446

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This is a timely new edition of Sharyn L Roach Anleu's invaluable introduction to the sociology of law and its role as a social institution and social process. Discussing current theory and key empirical research from a diverse range of perspectives Law and Social Change gives relevant examples, from various cultures and societies, to provide a sociological view which goes beyond more jurisprudential approaches to law and society. The book: • provides coverage of major classic and contemporary social theories of law • is informed by empirical research drawn from several countries/societies • includes up to date and relevant examples This thoroughly updated edition engages with modern scholarship, and recent research, on globalization whilst also looking at related issues such as the internationalization of law and human rights. It explores recent reforms at local and national levels, including issues of migration and refugees, the regulation of 'anti-social' behaviour, and specialist or problem solving courts and also provides a clear, accessible introduction to research methods used in the socio-legal field. Direct and wide-ranging this text will be essential reading for students and researchers on social science and law courses and in particular, those taking sociology, legal theory, criminology and criminal justice studies.

Social and Cultural Change

Social Science for a Dynamic World

Author: Jay A. Weinstein

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9780742525740

Category: Social Science

Page: 393

View: 6709

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This book includes a comprehensive survey of the theories and principles employed by sociologists, anthropologists, and other social scientists in the study of sociocultural change. Employing these tools, the later chapters examine the major trends and challenges that face today's rapidly globalizing world. Students are asked to consider how they can participate actively in shaping the events that affect their lives. Among the book's pedagogical features are well over one hundred Web sites, organized by chapter and topic, which connect the text with contemporary events and commentary. Visit our website for sample chapters!

Structure and Change in Indian Society

Author: Milton B. Singer,Bernard S. Cohn

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 9780202369334

Category: History

Page: 507

View: 8444

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Recent theoretical and methodological innovations in the anthropological analysis of South Asian societies have introduced distinctive modifications in the study of Indian social structure and social change. This book, reporting on twenty empirical studies of Indian society conducted by outstanding scholars, reflects these trends not only with reference to Indian society itself, but also in terms of the relevance of such trends to an understanding of social change more generally. The contributors demonstrate the adaptive changes experienced by the studied groups in particular villages, towns, cities, and regions. The authors view the basic social units of joint family, caste, and village not as structural isolates, but as intimately connected with one another and with other social units through social and cultural networks of various kinds that incorporate the social units into the complex structure of Indian civilization. Within this broadened conception of social structure, these studies trace the changing relations of politics, economics, law, and language to the caste system. Showing that the caste system is dynamic, with upward and downward mobility characterizing it from pre-British times to the present, the studies suggest that the modernizing forces which entered the system since independence--parliamentary democracy, universal suffrage, land reforms, modern education, urbanization, and industrial technology--provided new opportunities and paths to upward mobility, but did not radically alter the system. The chapters in this book show that the study of Indian society reveals novel forms of social structure change. They introduce methods and theories that may well encourage social scientists to extend the study of change in Indian society to the study of change in other areas. Milton Singer (1912-1994) was Paul Klapper Professor of Social Sciences and professor of anthropology at the University of Chicago. He was a fellow of the Academy of Arts and Sciences. He was also chosen as a distinguished lecturer by the American Anthropological Association and was the recipient of the Distinguished Scholar Award of the Association for Asian Studies. Bernard S. Cohn (1918-2003) was Professor Emeritus of Anthropology at the University of Chicago. He was widely known for his work on India during the British colonial period and wrote many books on the subject of India including India: The Social Anthropology of a Civilization (1971), An Anthropologist among the Historians and Other Essays (1987), and Colonialism and its Forms of Knowledge (1996).

Sociology in a Changing World

Author: William Kornblum

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 1111301573

Category: Social Science

Page: 640

View: 2671

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Help your students visualize sociology all around them with William Kornblum's vibrant, visual, and research-based new ninth edition of SOCIOLOGY IN A CHANGING WORLD. Comprehensive and student friendly, SOCIOLOGY IN A CHANGING WORLD presents a thematic approach that emphasizes the reality of social change and its impact on individuals, groups, and societies throughout the world. This unique emphasis on social change--which is visited in the book's features--helps students understand our similarities, our differences, and society as a whole. The text carefully balances contemporary and classic theory and research, with special attention to the works of female and minority social scientists and cross-cultural studies. Kornblum applies all the major perspectives of sociology without giving undue emphasis to any single approach. Additionally, SOCIOLOGY IN A CHANGING WORLD is the chosen text for the Exploring Society: Introduction to Sociology Telecourse from Dallas TeleLearning. Challenging yet accessible, interesting and scholarly, Kornblum's ninth edition helps students think like sociologists long after their college experience. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Women's Health and Social Change

Author: Ellen Annandale

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 041519086X

Category: Medical

Page: 181

View: 8186

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Ellen Annandale provides a comprehensive and persuasive analysis of the contemporary social relations of gender and women's health, arguing that the once all important sex/gender distinction fosters an undue separation between the social and the biological whereas it is their interaction and flexibility that is important in the production of health and illness. New theoretical tools are needed in a world where the meaning and lived experience of biological sex and of social gender, as well as the connections between them, are far more fluid. This book takes a step forward, outlining what an adequate feminist analysis of women's health might look like."--pub. desc.

Social Change And Social Control

Author: Rajendra Kumar Sharma

Publisher: Atlantic Publishers & Dist

ISBN: 9788171566679

Category: Social change

Page: 328

View: 3899

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This Book Covers Syllabi In The Papers Social Dynamics; Social Change And Social Control, Prescribed By Indian Universities. Part I On Social Change Includes The Discussion Of Social Change, Social Selection, Theories Of Social Change, Social Development, Social Evolution, Social Revolution And Factors And Sources Of Social Change Including Population; Fashion, Style, Fad And Craze; Education; Culture And Civilization; Social Progress, Social Interaction And Social Processes. Part Ii On Social Control Includes Discussion On Social Organization, Status And Role; Individual, Society And Socialization; Suggestion, Imitation And Sympathy, Meaning, Types And Agencies Of Social Control And Factors And Sources Of Social Control Including Social Groups, Family Group, Political Institutions, Economic Institutions, Religious Institutions, Propaganda, Public Opinion And Social Codes.

The Sociology of Social Change

Author: Piotr Sztompka

Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell

ISBN: 9780631182061

Category: Social Science

Page: 368

View: 1541

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The sociology of social change has always been the product of times of flux, and the unmatched dynamism of our period is already reflected in the revitalization of theories of change. Piotr Sztompka's aim in this volume is to take stock of and to reappraise the whole legacy of sociological thinking about change, from the classical to the contemporary, providing the intellectual tools necessary for a critical and rational grasp of our own turbulent times. Intended primarily as an advanced textbook for upper-division and graduate students, as well as researchers, this book covers the four grand visions of social and historical change which have dominated the field since the 19th century: the evolutionary, the cyclical, the dialectical, and the post-developmentalist. In so doing, it provides indispensable analytic discussions of the concepts focal to contemporary debates such as social processd, developmentd, progressd, social timed, historical traditiond, modernityd, post-modernity d, and globalizationd.

Changing Societies

Essential Sociology for Our Times

Author: Anthony M. Orum,John Wallace Claire Johnstone,Stephanie Riger

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9780847693290

Category: Social Science

Page: 550

View: 4285

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Changing Societies offers a fresh, timely approach to sociology. Based upon nested theory, the book explains sociology through processes of global and local change showing how social change occurs in larger global or national structures and influences events that happen in students' immediate personal and social environments. At the same time, Changing Societies emphasizes that social change is a two-way street that we can influence the world in addition to being affected by it. Racial, ethnic, and gender differences are themes that are woven into every chapter of the book, showing how they affect stratification and inequality, and the workings of particular social institutions and processes. A concluding chapter not only explains agency and social movements, but involves students in activities that help them to think about and plan social action."

Tribal Communities and Social Change

Author: Pariyaram M Chacko

Publisher: SAGE Publications India

ISBN: 8132103467

Category: Social Science

Page: 258

View: 6076

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In almost all developing and developed societies, tribals are viewed as the 'other'—an anachronism or an object of curiosity. Initially marginalized by the creation of the boundaries of the nation-state, these indigenous peoples were further hedged in by colonialism and, then, by the indifferent or patronizing modern state. This volume brings together significant contributions by distinguished Indian and foreign scholars on the sociology of tribes, particularly those of India as also of Africa and Canada. It focuses on the social history of a cross-section of tribes in these three societies. This book is one of the Indian Sociological Society: Golden Jubilee Volumes.

Contemporary China

Society and Social Change

Author: Tamara Jacka,Andrew B. Kipnis,Sally Sargeson

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107292298

Category: Social Science

Page: 300

View: 353

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China's rapid economic growth, modernization and globalization have led to astounding social changes. Contemporary China provides a fascinating portrayal of society and social change in the contemporary People's Republic of China. This book introduces readers to key sociological perspectives, themes and debates about Chinese society. It explores topics such as family life, citizenship, gender, ethnicity, labour, religion, education, class and rural/urban inequalities. It considers China's imperial past, the social and institutional legacies of the Maoist era, and the momentous forces shaping it in the present. It also emphasises diversity and multiplicity, encouraging readers to consider new perspectives and rethink Western stereotypes about China and its people. Real-life case studies illustrate the key features of social relations and change in China. Definitions of key terms, discussion questions and lists of further reading help consolidate learning. Including full-colour maps and photographs, this book offers remarkable insight into Chinese society and social change.

Critical Social Theory

Culture, Society and Critique

Author: Tim Dant

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 0761954783

Category: Social Science

Page: 176

View: 9682

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Critical theory has left an indelible mark on postwar social thought. But what are the relations between critical theory and 'the cultural turn' ? How did critical theory inform later French critical theorists, such as Lefebvre, Barthes and Baudrillard? This accomplished and accessible book: - Demonstrates the origins of critical theory in the Marxian analysis of the capitalist mode of production and Freudian psychoanalysis - Clearly explains the main achievements of critical theory - Elucidates how critical theory defines culture as a system that constrains and alienates the individual - Explores the potential for social change and personal emancipation in the critical heritage. The author locates the importance of myth and reason, the significance of sexuality, the place of work, the difference between art and entertainment, the nature of everyday life and the relationship between knowledge and action. The result is a lucid and informative text which will appeal to all students interested in the critical traditions of social thought.