Social psychology and modernity

Author: Thomas Johansson

Publisher: Open Univ Pr

ISBN: 9780335201105

Category: History

Page: 176

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Social Psychology Modernity explores social psychological thinking in relation to contemporary society. Some of the key thinkers within this field at the interface between sociology and psychology are introduced and discussed. The aim of the book is not only to function as an undergraduate text, but also to develop new ways of approaching and using social psychological theory. The first part of the book contains a general overview of different theorists and theoretical perspectives: a particular line of thought is followed stretching from The Chicago School -- via among others Simmel, Mead and Goffman -- to contemporary discussions on modernity and postmodernity. The thematic part of the book offers a more in-depth view of key aspects of late-modern life, for example changes in gender identities, narcism, and cultivation of the perfect body. The reflexive approach to social psychology developed in this book will enrich and expand our way looking at contemporary culture identities.

Chinese Modernity and the Individual Psyche

Author: Andrew Kipnis

Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan

ISBN: 1137268956

Category: Psychology

Page: 236

View: 6835

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Rapid industrialization, urbanization, and marketization have led to startling social changes in reform-era China. Mindful of the many forms of social theory that relate modernity to individualism, this volume addresses social and cultural change through the lens of psychological anthropology. The contributors explore Chinese modernity through the psychosocial contradictions experienced by artists, dancers, and poets; by mothers and daughters; by school children and migrant workers; the mentally ill, and others. As a whole, the book provides a disturbing but hopeful portrait of Chinese society, an opportunity to rethink the significance of the concept of modernity, and a vivid reminder of the enmeshment of individual psyches in their wider social and cultural environments.

Postmodernism and the Social Sciences

Author: Joe Doherty,Elspeth Graham,Mo Malek

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 134922183X

Category: Social Science

Page: 253

View: 3914

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The social sciences are still predominantly modernist disciplines and, as such, products of the Enlightenment. Recent challenges to Enlightenment thinking thus carry with them the potential or threat to transform the social sciences radically. Postmodernism and the Social Sciences examines the nature and potential of this postmodernist challenge in each of the major social sciences. Starting with the practices of particular disciplines and proceeding to matters of shared concern, the essays provide an accessible discussion of the contemporary impact of postmodernism on social scientific thought.

Modernity and Self-Identity

Self and Society in the Late Modern Age

Author: Anthony Giddens

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0745666485

Category: Social Science

Page: 264

View: 6308

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This major study develops a new account of modernity and its relation to the self. Building upon the ideas set out in The Consequences of Modernity, Giddens argues that 'high' or 'late' modernity is a post traditional order characterised by a developed institutional reflexivity. In the current period, the globalising tendencies of modern institutions are accompanied by a transformation of day-to-day social life having profound implications for personal activities. The self becomes a 'reflexive project', sustained through a revisable narrative of self identity. The reflexive project of the self, the author seeks to show, is a form of control or mastery which parallels the overall orientation of modern institutions towards 'colonising the future'. Yet it also helps promote tendencies which place that orientation radically in question - and which provide the substance of a new political agenda for late modernity. In this book Giddens concerns himself with themes he has often been accused of unduly neglecting, including especially the psychology of self and self-identity. The volumes are a decisive step in the development of his thinking, and will be essential reading for students and professionals in the areas of social and political theory, sociology, human geography and social psychology.

A History of Psychology

From Antiquity to Modernity

Author: Thomas Hardy Leahey

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317228499

Category: Psychology

Page: 542

View: 8923

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A History of Psychology places social, economic, and political forces of change alongside psychology’s internal theoretical and empirical arguments, illuminating how the external world has shaped psychology’s development, and, in turn, how the late twentieth century’s psychology has shaped society. Featuring extended treatment of important movements such as the Enlightenment and the Scientific Revolution, the textbook approaches the material from an integrative rather than wholly linear perspective. The text carefully examines how issues in psychology reflect and affect concepts that lie outside the field of psychology’s technical concerns as a science and profession. This new edition features expanded attention on psychoanalysis after its founding as well as new developments in cognitive science, artificial intelligence, and behavioral economics. Throughout, the book strengthens its exploration of psychological ideas and the cultures in which they developed and reinforces the connections between psychology, modernism, and postmodernism. The textbook covers scientific, applied, and professional psychology, and is appropriate for higher-level undergraduate and graduate students.

Jung in Context

Modernity and the Making of a Psychology

Author: Peter Homans

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226351124

Category: Psychology

Page: 234

View: 4132

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This provocative account of the origins, influences, and legacy of Jungian psychology is perhaps even more relevant today than it was when first published in 1979. By delineating the social, personal, religious, and cultural contexts of Jung's system of psychology, Homans identifies the central role of depth psychology in the culture of modernity. In this new edition, Homans has added an extensive foreword linking the core of Jungian psychology to contemporary works it has shaped—such as those of M. Scott Peck and Clarissa Pinkola Estes—that proclaim the power of Jungian concepts and theories to heal the alienated and isolated self in today's world. "Jung in Context is an intellectual triumph. . . . Utilizes the resources of biography, psychology, sociology, and theology to probe the genesis of a psychological system which is currently enjoying a wide following. . . . A splendid job."—Lewis R. Rambo, Psychiatry "Anyone seeking an introduction to Jung's thought will find a masterful précis here."—Jan Goldstein, Journal of Sociology "An unusually perceptive and clearly written book. . . . An important advance in the understanding of Jung, and Homans's methodology sets the stage for all future efforts to understand psychological innovators."—Herbert H. Stroup, Christian Century

High Culture

Reflections on Addiction and Modernity

Author: Anna Alexander,Mark S. Roberts

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 079148758X

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 416

View: 6953

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Addresses the place of addiction in modern art, literature, philosophy, and psychology, including its effects on the works of such thinkers and writers as Heidegger, Nietzsche, DeQuincey, Breton, and Burroughs.

Bodies of Thought

Embodiment, Identity and Modernity

Author: Ian Burkitt

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1446202771

Category: Social Science

Page: 176

View: 2490

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In this incisive and truly impressive book, Ian Burkitt critically addresses the dualism between mind and body, thought and emotion, rationality and irrationality, and the mental and the material, which haunt the post-Cartesian world. Drawing on the work of contemporary social theorists and feminist writers, he argues that thought and the sense of being a person is inseparable from bodily practices within social relations, even though such active experience may be abstracted and expanded upon through the use of symbols. Overcoming classic dualisms in social thought, Burkitt argues that bodies are not purely the constructs of discourses of power: they are also productive, communicative, and invested with powerful capacities for changing the social and natural worlds. He goes on to consider how such powers can be developed in more ethical forms of relations and activities.

The Age of Insanity

Modernity and Mental Health

Author: John F. Schumaker

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 9780275970529

Category: Psychology

Page: 224

View: 4803

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Focuses on the psychological and emotional relationship of individuals impacted by the conditions of modern society.

Emancipation, the Media, and Modernity : Arguments about the Media and Social Theory

Arguments about the Media and Social Theory

Author: Nicholas Garnham

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 9780191584190

Category:

Page: 214

View: 2972

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This book adopts a polemical stance. It approaches the problems raised by the media by way of a set of arguments with the two dominant paradigms now current for thinking about the mediaDSpost-modernism and Information Society theory. It argues that the media are important because they raise a set of questions that have been central to social and political theory since the Enlightenment. In a series of probes into different sets of questions raised by the media, the argument of the book focuses on the problem raised by what Kant called the unsocial sociability of human kind. Under what conditions could autonomous, free individuals live in viable social communities. Or to put it another way what are the related scope for, and limits on, human reason and emancipation. In conducting this argument the book first argues for a necessarily historical perspective. It then goes on to examine the implications for emancipation of seeing the media as cultural industries within the wider systems world of the capitalist market economy; of seeing the media as technologies; of the specialisation of intellectual production and of the separation and increasing social distance between the producers and consumers of symbols. It then goes on to argue, against current ethnographic trends in audience research and against the focus on everyday life, for a reinstatement of interest in the statistical reality of audiences and effects, and for a recognition through a return to the Hegelian roots of commodity fetishism, and the symbolic interactionist creation of identities, that an active audience can be actively involved in its own domination. The argument then turns to the problem of how we evaluate the symbolic forms that the media circulate and whether such evaluation can be anything more than a matter of personal taste. It is argued that evaluation is in practice unavoidable and without some standards that are more than just subjective any criticism of the medias performance is impossible. Via an examination of the debate between the sociology of art and aesthetics it argues for the ethical foundations of aesthetic judgement and for the establishment of agreed standards of aesthetic judgement via the discourse ethic that underlies the argument of the entire book. This foregrounding of the discourse ethic then leads on to a discussion of the media and politics. Here the argument is that arguments about the media and politics are at the heart of arguments about politics itself. These arguments focus, it is argued, upon the shifting division between the public and the private. Here the book returns to the roots of public sphere theory in Rousseaus arguments for the centrality of public spectacle and Kants argument for the centrality of public reason in the practice of democratic politics.

Psychological Aspects of Modernity

Author: Jerome Braun

Publisher: Praeger Publishers

ISBN: N.A

Category: Psychology

Page: 260

View: 8536

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A collaboration of seven scholars from various fields, this work offers a framework of analysis for interpreting how the human personality reacts to strain and pressure, including cultural and social change. Overall, it examines how human needs are fulfilled, and how personalities are moulded.

Mead and Modernity

Science, Selfhood, and Democratic Politics

Author: Filipe Carreira da Silva

Publisher: Lexington Books

ISBN: 9780739150054

Category: Political Science

Page: 252

View: 5025

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Filipe Carreira da Silva addresses the basic questions 'How should we read Mead?' and 'Why should we read Mead today' by showing that the history of ideas and theory-building are closely-related endeavors. Following a contextualist approach in exploring the meaning of Mead's writings, Carreira da Silva reads the entire corpus of Mead's published and unpublished writings in light of the context in which they were originally produced, from concrete events like the American involvement in World War I to more general debates like that of the nature of modernity. Mead and Modernity attests to the relevance of Mead's ideas by assessing the relative merits of his responses to three fundamental modern problematics: science, selfhood, and democratic politics. The outcome is an innovative intellectual portrait of Mead as a seminal thinker whose contributions extend beyond his well-known social theory of the self and include important insights into the philosophy of science and radical democratic theory.

Social Theory and Modernity

Critique, Dissent, and Revolution

Author: Timothy W. Luke

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1452252734

Category: Political Science

Page: 278

View: 7796

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Social Theory and Modernity combines the analytical techniques of political theory and comparative politics as a method for conducting innovative inquiry and research in political science. The focus of political theory, for example, results in new issues for historical and cross-national comparative analysis - whereas comparative analysis provides new parameters for analyzing the ideology of social institutions. Luke elaborates upon Rousseau's discursive style and critical methods, Marx's historical materialism, Marcuse's instrumental rationality, Weber's interpretive method, Gramsci's theoretical tactics, Cabral's theory of critique and revolution and Foucault's system of political and social analysis. The book concludes by offering

Mind, Modernity, Madness

Author: Liah Greenfeld

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 0674074408

Category: Social Science

Page: 688

View: 2277

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A leading interpreter of modernity argues that our culture of limitless self-fulfillment is making millions mentally ill. Training her analytic eye on manic depression and schizophrenia, Liah Greenfeld, in the culminating volume of her trilogy on nationalism, traces these dysfunctions to society’s overburdening demands for self-realization.

Excavating Modernity

Physical, Temporal and Psychological Strata in Literature, 1900-1930

Author: Eleanor Dobson,Gemma Banks

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 0429847300

Category: History

Page: 182

View: 2381

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This book scrutinizes physical, temporal and psychological strata across early twentieth-century literature, focusing on geological and archaeological tropes and conceptions of the stratified psyche. The essays explore psychological perceptions, from practices of envisioning that mimic looking at a painting, photograph or projected light, to the comprehension of the palimpsestic complexities of language, memory and time. This collection is the first to see early twentieth-century physical, temporal and psychological strata interact across a range of canonical and popular authors, working in a variety of genres, from theatre to ghost stories, children’s literature to modernist magna opera.

Social Pathology in Comparative Perspective

The Nature and Psychology of Civil Society

Author: Jerome Braun

Publisher: Praeger Publishers

ISBN: N.A

Category: Psychology

Page: 292

View: 5081

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Explores the nature of civil society with reference to the effects of social and cultural differences.

Psychotherapy in an Age of Narcissism

Modernity, Science, and Society

Author: Joel Paris

Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan

ISBN: 1137210427

Category: Psychology

Page: 184

View: 9847

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Narcissism and narcissistic personality disorder are subjects of great interest in contemporary society. The modern world, with its strongly individualistic values, encourages people to focus on themselves. Psychotherapy, although used to treat narcissism, is influenced by the same values, and runs the danger of making patients worse rather than better. This book, written from the perspective of empirical research in psychology, psychiatry, and the social sciences, suggests a different approach to psychotherapy, moving away from a focus on the self, and guiding patients to develop better social capital and social networks.

Suicide Terrorism

Author: Ami Pedahzur

Publisher: Polity

ISBN: 9780745633831

Category: Philosophy

Page: 261

View: 9122

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Suicide terrorism in its modern form made its first appearance in Lebanon in the early 1980s. Over the last quarter century, terrorist attacks perpetrated by suicide bombers have spread to many corners of the world and have become a major threat for both the governments and citizens of numerous countries. Can this devastating phenomenon be attributed to a specific religion or culture? What are the causes and motivations that lead ordinary people to embark upon suicide attacks? How are potential bombers trained for their mission? And is it possible for democratic governments to effectively cope with this challenge? In this compelling book, Ami Pedazhur investigates the root causes of suicide terrorism and its rapid proliferation in recent years. Drawing on a variety of sources, the book explores the use of human bombs in Lebanon, Israel, Sri Lanka, Turkey, Chechnya, Iraq, and the ostentatious attacks of Al–Qaeda and the global jihad. It is the only book to offer such an in–depth, up–to–date, cross cultural analysis of suicide terrorism in the twenty–first Century.

Psychology and the Developing World

Author: Stuart C. Carr,John F. Schumaker

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 9780275952457

Category: Psychology

Page: 236

View: 8569

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Comprises 17 contributions, written by an international, interdisciplinary group of scholars, addressing new work and current theories in cultural psychology. Topics include the history of psychology in the developing world, appropriate research methods for the developing world, an analysis of train