Socio-economic aspects of urban hydrology

based on a report on socio-economic aspects of urban hydrology by Gunnar Lindh, prepared at a workshop, in Lund, Sweden

Author: Gunnar Lindh,R. M. Berthelot

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 85

View: 3265

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Urban Hydrology, Watershed Management and Socio-Economic Aspects

Author: Arup Kumar Sarma,Vijay P. Singh,Suresh A. Kartha,Rajib K. Bhattacharjya

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319401955

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 370

View: 7307

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The book brings together high-quality research articles on advanced hydrological analysis, advanced computational methods, and the ecological and sociological aspects of urban watershed management under one umbrella. The rapid pace of urbanization, not accompanied by any farsighted, holistic plan, has reduced many cities in the developing world into multi-hazard areas. The most perceptible consequence of urbanization is the change in land-use and land cover, which in turn impacts hydrological systems. Accordingly, scientific studies on urban hydrology with due emphasis on ecological and sociological aspects under changing climate are vital to the appropriate design of urban landscapes and civil infrastructure works. This book addresses precisely these issues, offering a useful guide for environmentalists, hydrologists, and a broad range of socio-economic scientists exploring the environmental vulnerabilities arising from urbanization.

Hydrology and Water Management in the Humid Tropics

Hydrological Research Issues and Strategies for Water Management

Author: Michael Bonell,Maynard M. Hufschmidt,John S. Gladwell

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521020022

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 612

View: 3575

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Environmental problems in the humid tropical regions, where the focus is on the fate and management of the surviving rainforest and climate change, are attracting increasing attention internationally. The distribution of tropical rainfall is highly variable, and in many regions the supply of potable water is inadequate. By the end of the century one-third of the world's population will be living in the humid tropics. This book considers all aspects of hydrology in the humid tropics. The first four parts of the book cover the physical basis of hydrology in the humid tropics: climatology, meteorology, process hydrology, sedimentation, water quality and freshwater ecology. This is followed by extensive treatment of the human and societal issues: land-use changes, water resource management, and rural and urban water supply in the tropical regions. The book is a uniquely integrated summary of hydrology in the tropics.

Integrated Approaches to Water Pollution Problems

Author: J. Bau,J.D. Henriques,J.P. Lobo Ferreira,J. de Oliveira Raposo

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0203215931

Category: Science

Page: 275

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Papers presented at the International Symposium of Integrated Approaches to Water Pollution Problems [SISIPPA 89], Laboratorio Nacional de Engenharia Civil, Lisbon, Portugal, June 1989.

Effects of Urbanization on Groundwater

An Engineering Case-based Approach for Sustainable Development

Author: Ni-Bin Chang

Publisher: ASCE Publications

ISBN: 9780784410783

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 410

View: 4591

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What are the regional differences in stormwater and wastewater management technology approaches to urbanization? How can wetland'extent and function be incorporated as an integral part of urban infrastructure systems, including effects on groundwater level? The Effects of Urbanization on Groundwater: An Engineering Case-Based Approach to Sustainable Development addresses these and a number of other key questions involving all phases of impact from the interactions among energy, environment, ecology, and socioeconomic paradigms in human society. To promote the concept of sustainable management, this unique book presents and applies sustainable systems engineering technologies and states the challenges of and opportunities for science, technology, and policy related to sustainable management of water. This book is organized into four parts: water supply and pollution prevention; storm water management with regional infiltration technologies; wastewater treatment and disposal with nutrient removal; and low impact development with landscape architecture technologies. These thematic areas cover the aspects from the fundamental theory to physical, chemical, and biological processes to the coupled human and natural environment, and to the representation of simulated evolutionary pathways. The Effects of Urbanization on Groundwater: An Engineering Case-Based Approach to Sustainable Development is timely and makes a strong case for sustainable development and management. It will help expose just how sensitive key water quantity and quality management targets are to urban development.

Comparative Hydrology

An Ecological Approach to Land and Water Resources

Author: Malin Falkenmark,Thomas Grandin Chapman

Publisher: Unipub

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 479

View: 2876

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Impacts of Urban Growth on Surface Water and Groundwater Quality

Proceedings of an International Symposium Held During IUGG 99, the XXII General Assembly of the International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics, at Birmingham, UK 18-30 July 1999

Author: J. Bryan Ellis

Publisher: IAHS Press

ISBN: 9781901502060

Category: Environmental impact analysis

Page: 437

View: 9421

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The Role of Water in Socio-economic Development

Report 1 of IHP-II Project C1 (on Heightening Awareness of the Socio-economic Role of Water)

Author: International Hydrological Programme

Publisher: United Nations Educational

ISBN: N.A

Category: Eau - Approvisionnement - Aspect social

Page: 91

View: 9151

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Hydrological, Socioeconomic and Ecological Impacts of the North Atlantic Oscillation in the Mediterranean Region

Author: Sergio M. Vicente-Serrano,Ricardo M. Trigo

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789400713727

Category: Science

Page: 236

View: 6469

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The Mediterranean basin represents one of the most important “hot spots” of climate change in the world, with recent trends towards a hotter and drier climate being related to changes in atmospheric circulation patterns. Such changes can have significant impacts in the climate of this region but also on the natural environment and several socioeconomic activities. Among these patterns, the North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO) is one of the main forcing factors in the region with impact on extreme events such as droughts, severe precipitations or heat and cold waves, the availability of water resources, the ecological dynamics, the quality and quantity of crops, the migration and welfare of animal populations, the fisheries dynamics, the triggering of landslides and the air pollution and human health, among others. The aim of Hydrological, Socioeconomic and Ecological Impacts of the North Atlantic Oscillation in the Mediterranean Region, is to serve as an updated reference text that covers the wide range of evidences on the NAO impacts in the Mediterranean regions and from a multidisciplinary perspective. This volume constitutes a unique document to present the state of the art of the numerous studies undertaken on the hydrological, socioeconomic and ecological impact of the NAO, collecting the expertise of researchers from several complementary earth science fields (geography, hydrology, remote-sensing, climatology, agriculture, energy), but that have been lacking a common ground.

Urban Water Conflicts

UNESCO-IHP

Author: Bernard Barraque

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 0203877020

Category: Science

Page: 344

View: 6456

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Urban water conflicts manifested first in Europe in the 19th century and are observed nowadays in various forms throughout the world; in particular, in developing countries. Main causes of these conflicts are characterized by complex socioeconomic and institutional issues related to urban water management. The debate about public water services versus private water supplies is frequently associated with conflicts over water price and affordability. On the other hand, the issue of centralization versus decentralization of water utilities is also often discussed in the context of institutional aspects of urban water management. These issues are intertwined and, thereby, a critical examination of socioeconomic and institutional aspects of urban water management in a holistic way is important for better understanding water conflicts in urban areas. Urban Water Conflicts – the output of a project by UNESCO’s International Hydrological Programme on “Socioeconomic and Institutional Aspects in Urban Water Management” – presents a collection of essays on socioeconomic and institutional aspects of urban water management, focusing on water and sanitation services. The book examines interdisciplinary approaches to understanding and analyzing conflicts that arise from inadequate urban water management. Conflict analysis is addressed in some essays by taking into account economic, environmental and social dimensions of sustainability. The issue of institutional conflicts between different levels of government is also discussed in some case studies.

Urban Ecology

Patterns, Processes, and Applications

Author: Jari Niemelä,Jürgen H. Breuste

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 019956356X

Category: Science

Page: 374

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Brings together an international team of leading scientists to discuss our current understanding of all aspects of urban environments, from the biology of the organisms that inhabit them to the diversity of ecosystem services and human social issues encountered within urban landscapes.

Urban Water Cycle Processes and Interactions

Urban Water Series - UNESCO-IHP

Author: Jiri Marsalek,Blanca Jimenez Cisneros,Mohammad Karamouz,Per-Arne Malmquist,Joel Avruch Goldenfum,Bernard Chocat

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0203932463

Category: Nature

Page: 152

View: 4206

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Effective management of urban water should be based on a scientific understanding of the impact of human activity on both the urban hydrological cycle – including its processes and interactions – and the environment itself. Such anthropogenic impacts, which vary broadly in time and space, need to be quantified with respect to local climate, urban development, cultural, environmental and religious practices, and other socio-economic factors. Urban Water Cycle Processes and Interactions represents the fruit of a project by UNESCO’s International Hydrological Programme on this topic. The volume begins by introducing the urban water cycle concept and the need for integrated or total management. It then explores in detail the manifold hydrological components of the cycle, the diverse elements of urban infrastructure and water services, and the various effects of urbanization on the environment – from the atmosphere and surface waters to wetlands, soils and groundwater, as well as biodiversity. A concluding series of recommendations for effective urban water management summarize the important findings set forth here. Urban Water Series - UNESCO-IHP Volumes Following from the Sixth Phase of UNESCO’s International Hydrological Programme (2002–2007), the Urban Water Series – UNESCO-IHP addresses fundamental issues related to the role of water in cities and the effects of urbanization on the hydrological cycle and water resources. Focusing on the development of integrated approaches to sustainable urban water management, the Series should inform the work of urban water management practitioners, policy-makers and educators throughout the world.

Vulnerability of the Region to Socio-economic Drought

Author: United Nations. Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia

Publisher: United Nations Publications

ISBN: 9789211282948

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 70

View: 9433

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The present study addresses the gap in understanding socio-economic drought in the ESCWA region. It aims to raise awareness of the importance of developing drought detection, preparedness and mitigation measures regionally. The report presents regional case-studies from Jordan, the Syrian Arab Republic and Yemen.

Urban Groundwater Management and Sustainability

Author: John H. Tellam,Michael O. Rivett,Rauf G. Israfilov

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402051751

Category: Science

Page: 490

View: 4856

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The forty papers in this book explore the state of sustainable groundwater management in a wide range of countries and cultures, climates, and geologies. They are organized in topic areas covering flow, chemical water quality, biological water quality, remediation, engineering, and socio-economics. An introductory section presents a range of integrated regional-scale studies. This volume will interest groundwater specialists in industry and research, and will provide insight for other urban specialists, including planners.