Soil and Water Contamination, 2nd Edition

Author: Marcel van der Perk

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0415893437

Category: Science

Page: 428

View: 514

Soil and Water Contamination, Second Edition gives a structured overview of transport and fate processes of environmental contaminants. Dealing with all topics essential for understanding and predicting contaminant patterns in soil, groundwater and surface water, it contributes to the formation of a solid basis for adequate soil and water pollution control and integrated catchment management. A unique feature of this work is that it does not treat water and soil pollution as independent processes, but as components of an integrated whole. The core of this geoscientific approach is divided into four parts: • Introduction to the basics of soil and water contamination, such as the fundamentals of environmental pollution and chemistry and the basic properties of soil, groundwater and surface water. • Source, role, and behaviour of substances in soil and water, treating natural and anthropogenic sources of nutrients, heavy metals, radionuclides and organic pollutants as well as emerging substances of concern, their physico-chemical characteristics, behaviour, and toxicity. • Transport and fate of substances in soil and water, focusing on processes of transport, exchange and transformations like advection, dispersion, adsorption kinetics and biochemical decay. Special attention is paid to the mathematical description and modelling of these processes. • Patterns of substances in soil and water, explaining spatial and temporal patterns of pollutants in soil, groundwater, and surface water, illustrated by recent case studies from fundamental and applied research. This comprehensive, successful textbook, now in its second edition, has been conscientiously updated and extended and includes many case studies, examples and exercises sections, providing undergraduate and graduate students in the Earth and Environmental Sciences with all the material necessary for the study of soil and water contamination. In addition, it can serve as a useful source of information for professionals.

Soil and Water Contamination

From Molecular to Catchment Scale

Author: Marcel van der Perk

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780203963579

Category: Science

Page: 387

View: 9118

This textbook provides an overview of transport and fate processes of environmental contamination, in such a way that the reader can both understand and predict contaminant patterns in soil, groundwater, and surface water. In contract to most existing texts, soil and water pollution are treated as integrated environmental matter from a geographical/spatial perspective at point, local, regional, and catchment scales. The spatial approach links up with recent developments and trends in environmental legislation and other integrated catchment management initiatives. It consists of four coherent parts: 1. Introduction to soil and water contamination; 2. Source, role, and behavior of substances in soil and water; 3. Transport and fate processes of substances in soil and water; and 4. Patterns of substances in soil and water. Intended for undergraduate and graduate students in Earth and Environmental Sciences, who understand the fundamentals of chemistry, hydrology and soil science; may also serve as a useful reference for professionals.

Practical Handbook of Soil, Vadose Zone, and Ground-Water Contamination

Assessment, Prevention, and Remediation, Second Edition

Author: J. Russell Boulding,Jon S. Ginn

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420032147

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 728

View: 7601

A synthesis of years of interdisciplinary research and practice, the second edition of this bestseller continues to serve as a primary resource for information on the assessment, remediation, and control of contamination on and below the ground surface. Practical Handbook of Soil, Vadose Zone, and Ground-Water Contamination: Assessment, Prevention, and Remediation, Second Edition includes important new developments in site characterization and soil and ground water remediation that have appeared since 1995. Presented in an easy-to-read style, this book serves as a comprehensive guide for conducting complex site investigations and identifying methods for effective soil and ground water cleanup. Remediation engineers, ground water and soil scientists, regulatory personnel, researchers, and field investigators can access the latest data and summary tables to illustrate key advantages and disadvantages of various remediation methods.

Heavy Metal Contamination of Water and Soil

Analysis, Assessment, and Remediation Strategies

Author: Elham Asrari

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1482239655

Category: Science

Page: 386

View: 1311

This title includes a number of Open Access chapters. Although adverse health effects of heavy metals have been known for a long time, exposure to heavy metals continues and is even increasing in some areas. Remediating heavy metal contaminated soils and water is necessary to reduce the associated health and ecological risks, make the land resource available for agricultural production, enhance food security, and scale down land tenure problems. This book discusses the causes and the environmental impact of heavy metal contamination. It then explores many exciting new methods of analysis and decontamination currently studied and applied in the field today.

Soil and Water Conservation

Productivity and Environmental Protection

Author: Frederick R. Troeh,James Arthur Hobbs,Roy Luther Donahue

Publisher: N.A


Category: Eau - Conservation

Page: 610

View: 3817

Written from an agronomic - rather than an engineering - perspective, this comprehensive, up-to-date introduction to soil and water conservation explores a full range of topics and environmental issues, including some ignored or overlooked in other books on the subject.*NEW - Gives more emphasis to water conservation and other environmental issues. *NEW - Contains a revised and updated discussion of soil-loss equations. - Includes the new computerized versions along with the paper versions. *NEW - Provides expanded coverage of water quality and conservation. - Introduces concepts with a section on the water cycle and world climate. *NEW - Divides coverage on Soil and Water Pollution into two full chapters - Soil Pollution, and Water Quality and Pollution. *NEW - Updates and expands literature citations and chapter-end reference lists. *Discusses the impact of erosion on civilization and how erosion occurs, both naturally and through human causes. *Covers the use of the soil-loss equations for water erosion and wind erosion in detail - an important base for management decisions regarding the most appropriate choices of conservation practices to solve erosion problems. - Uses forms

IPM in Practice, 2nd Edition

Principles and Methods of Integrated Pest Management

Author: Mary Louise Flint

Publisher: University of California Agriculture and Natural Resources

ISBN: 1601077858

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 292

View: 5922

IPM in Practice features IPM strategies for weed, insect, pathogen, nematode, and vertebrate pests and provides specific information on how to set up sampling and monitoring programs in the field. This manual covers methods applicable to vegetable, field, and tree cops as well as landscape and urban situations. Designed to bring you the most up-to-date research and expertise, this manual draws on the knowledge of dozens of experts within the University of California, public agencies, and private practice.

Phytoremediation of Soil and Water Contaminants

Author: Ellen L. Kruger,Todd A. Anderson,Joel R. Coats,American Chemical Society. Division of Agrochemicals,American Chemical Society. Division of Environmental Chemistry,American Chemical Society. Meeting

Publisher: Amer Chemical Society


Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 318

View: 5315

OVERVIEW 1. Phytoremediation of Contaminated Water and Soil, S.D. Cunningham, J.R. Shann, David E. Crowley, and Todd A. Anderson RHIZOSPHERE ECOLOGY 2. Rhizosphere Ecology of Xenobiotic-Degrading Microorganisms, David E. Crowley, Sam Alvey, and Eric S. Gilbert PHYTOREMEDIATION OF AGROCHEMICALS 3. Aromatic Nitroreduction of Acifluorfen in Soils, Rhizospheres, and Pure Cultures of Rhizobacteria, Robert M. Zablotowicz, Martin A. Locke, and Robert E. Hoagland 4. Atrazine Degradation in Pesticide-Contaminated Soils: Phytoremediation Potential, Ellen L. Kruger, Jennifer C. Anhalt, Diana Sorenson, Brett Nelson, Ana L. Chouhy, Todd A. Anderson, and Joel R. Coats 5. Utilization of Plant Material for Remediation of Herbicide-Contaminated Soils, S.C. Wagner and Robert M. Zablotowicz 6. Potential of Biostimulation To Enhance Dissipation of Aged Herbicide Residues in Land-Farmed Waste, A.S. Felsot and E.K. Dzantor 7. An Integrated Phytoremediation Strategy for Chloroacetamide Herbicides in Soil, Robert E. Hoagland, Robert M. Zablotowicz, and Martin A. Locke 8. Ascorbate: A Biomarker of Herbicide Stress in Wetland Plants, T.F. Lytle and J.S. Lytle 9. Degradation of Persistent Herbicides in Riparian Wetlands, D.M. Stoeckel, E.C. Mudd, and James A. Entry 10. Phytoremediation of Herbicide-Contaminated Surface Water with Aquatic Plants, Pamela J. Rice, Todd A. Anderson, and Joel R. Coats 11. The Metabolism of Exogenously Provided Atrazine by the Ectomycorrhizal Fungus Hebeloma crustuliniforme and the Host Plant Pinus ponderosa, J.L. Gaskin and J. Fletcher PHYTOREMEDIATION OF INDUSTRIAL CHEMICALS 12. Evaluation of the Use of Vegetation for Reducing the Environmental Impact of Deicing Agents, Patricia J. Rice, Todd A. Anderson, and Joel R. Coats 13. Phytoremediation of Trichloroethylene with Hybrid Poplars, Milton Gordon, Nami Choe, Jim Duffy, Gorden Ekuan, Paul Heilman, Indulis Muiznieks, Lee Newman, Marty Ruszaj, B. Brook Shurtleff, Stuart Strand, and Jodi Wilmoth 14. Field Study: Grass Remediation for Clay Soil Contaminated with Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons, Xiujin Qiu, Thomas W. Leland, Sunil I. Shah, Darwin L. Sorensen, and Ernest W. Kendall 15. Benzo(a)pyrene and Hexachlorobiphenyl Contaminated Soil: Phytoremediation Potential, V. Epuri and Darwin L. Sorensen 16. Fate of Benzene in Soils Planted with Alfalfa: Uptake, Volatilization, and Degradation, A. Ferro, J. Kennedy, W. Doucette, S. Nelson, G. Jauregui, B. McFarland, and B. Bugbee 17. Metabolism of Chlorinated Phenols by Lemna gibba, Duckweed, Harry E. Ensley, Hari A. Sharma, John T. Barber, and Michael A. Polito 18. Rhizosphere Effects on the Degradation of Pyrene and Anthracene in Soil, S.C. Wetzel, M.K. Banks, and A.P. Schwab PHYTOREMEDIATION OF METALS 19. Arabidopsis thaliana as a Model System for Studying Lead Accumulation and Tolerance in Plants, J. Chen, J.W. Huang, T. Caspar, and S.D. Cunningham 20. Bioremediation of Chromium from Water and Soil by Vascular Aquatic Plants, P. Chandra, S. Sinha, and U.N. Rai 21. Phytoextraction of Lead from Contaminated Soils, J.W. Huang, J. Chen, and S.D. Cunningham 22. Phytoremediation and Reclamation of Soils Contaminated with Radionuclides, James A. Entry, Lidia S. Watrud, Robin S. Manasse, and Nan C. Vance.

Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology

Continuation of Residue Reviews

Author: George W. Ware

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461215285

Category: Science

Page: 163

View: 6328

International concern in scientific, industrial, and governmental communities over traces of xenobiotics in foods and in both abiotic and biotic environments has justified the present triumvirate of specialized publications in this field: comprehensive reviews, rapidly published research papers and progress reports, and archival documentations. These three international publications are inte grated and scheduled to provide the coherency essential for nonduplicative and current progress in a field as dynamic and complex as environmental contamina tion and toxicology. This series is reserved exclusively for the diversified litera ture on ''toxic'' chemicals in our food, our feeds, our homes, recreational and working surroundings, our domestic animals, our wildlife and ourselves. Tre mendous efforts worldwide have been mobilized to evaluate the nature, pres ence, magnitude, fate, and toxicology of the chemicals loosed upon the earth. Among the sequelae of this broad new emphasis is an undeniable need for an articulated set of authoritative publications, where one can find the latest impor tant world literature produced by these emerging areas of science together with documentation of pertinent ancillary legislation. Research directors and legislative or administrative advisers do not have the time to scan the escalating number of technical publications that may contain articles important to current responsibility. Rather, these individuals need the background provided by detailed reviews and the assurance that the latest infor mation is made available to them, all with minimal literature searching.

Sustainability in the Hospitality Industry 2nd Ed

Principles of Sustainable Operations

Author: Philip Sloan,Willy Legrand,Joseph S. Chen

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136298134

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 392

View: 5101

Sustainability is one of the single most important global issues facing the world. A clear understanding of the issues surrounding climate change, global warming, air and water pollution, ozone depletion, deforestation, the loss of biodiversity and global poverty is essential for every future manager in the hospitality industry. Present and future hospitality executives need to know how sustainable management systems can be integrated into their businesses while maintaining and hopefully improving the bottom line. Sustainability in the Hospitality Industry, second edition, is the only book available to introduce the students to economic, environmental and social sustainable issues specifically facing the industry as well as exploring ideas, solutions, and strategies of how to manage operations in a sustainable way. Since the first edition of this book there have been many important developments in this field and this second edition has been updated in the following ways: updated content to reflect recent issues and trends including hotel energy solutions and green hotel design two new chapters on 'Sustainable Food' and 'Social Entrepreneurship and Social Value' updated international case studies throughout to explore key issues and show real life operational responses to sustainability within the hospitality industry. New case studies on growth hotel development markets, Asia and the Middle East new practical exercises throughout to apply your knowledge to real-life sustainability scenarios. This accessible and comprehensive account of Sustainability in the Hospitality Industry is essential reading for all students and future managers.

Soil Carbon Sequestration and the Greenhouse Effect

Author: R. Lal,Ronald F. Follett

Publisher: ASA-CSSA-SSSA

ISBN: 9780891188506

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 410

View: 4844

This book is about the concept of the Greenhouse Effect is more than a century old,but today the observed and predicted climate changes. This second edition of Soil Carbon Sequestration and the Greenhouse Effect is essential reading for understandingthe processes, properties, and practices affecting the soil carbon pool and its dynamics.

Soil and Rock II

D 5714 - Latest

Author: American Society for Testing and Materials

Publisher: Astm Intl

ISBN: 9780803135314

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 1368

View: 6580


Handbook of Environmental Analysis

Chemical Pollutants in Air, Water, Soil, and Solid Wastes, Second Edition

Author: Pradyot Patnaik

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420065824

Category: Science

Page: 824

View: 3151

A reflection of the myriad changes in the field of environmental analysis and the emergence of many new classes of pollutants in recent years, the second edition of Handbook of Environmental Analysis: Chemical Pollutants in Air, Water, Soil, and Solid Wastes covers all aspects of environmental analysis. Completely revised and updated to include new analytical techniques as well as additional chemical structures and reactions, this second edition retains the features — clarity of prose, pertinent examples, and authoritative coverage of a wide range of toxic pollutants — that made the first edition a bestseller. New and updated information in the Second Edition: Chapters on emerging pollutants such as pharmaceuticals, household products, nonionic surfactants, steroids, hormones, flame-retardants, and plasticizers Chapters on oxyhalides, glyphosate herbicides, oil and grease, disinfection by-products, and haloacetic acids A chapter on radioactivity Updated NIOSH methods on air analysis Revised content on gas chromatography and mass spectrometry US EPA and Standard Methods The book provides information on an array of topics from instrumentations, analytical techniques, and sample preparations to statistical calculations, chemical structures, and equations. It includes information on many alternative analytical procedures, making this edition more informative and versatile than its predecessor. It presents the tools and techniques required to measure a wide range of toxic pollutants in our environment.

Kauai Adventure Guide 2nd Edition

Author: Heather McDaniel

Publisher: Hunter Publishing, Inc

ISBN: 1556502052

Category: Travel

Page: 598

View: 5029

Here is the 2nd Edition of this guide, totally and thoroughly updated with the latest information on hotels, restaurants, shopping, tour guides and all activities. Hundreds of color photos throughout the guide. The author lives in Kauai, one of the most beautiful places on earth, from Waimea Canyon (Mark Twain called it The Grand Canyon of the Pacific ) to the majestic Na Pali cliffs. This is the most thorough guide to the island available, with candid hotel reviews based on detailed personal inspections. You'll find lavish beachfront resorts, intimate rain-forest B&Bs, family-friendly condos, and much, much more. Our dining reviews range from Asian-fusion cuisine to hearty, affordable plate lunches. Where to find secluded beaches; secret spots for snorkeling; the best outfitters for everything from diving to deep-sea fishing; the top galleries and shops. Family-friendly accommodations and activities; tips on how to get married in the islands; recommendations for the best honeymoon resorts; and advice on finding the best airfares and package deals. Shopping, sightseeing, the beaches, parks, trails, waterfalls all the details are here. The best places for fishing, hiking, golf, tennis, scuba, ocean kayaking, along with camping, horseback riding, biking, whalewatching. The best hikes, bike trips and watersports are described, with information on the tour operators.

Biogeochemical Investigations of Terrestrial, Freshwater, and Wetland Ecosystems across the Globe

Author: R. Kelman Wieder,Martin Novák,Melanie A. Vile

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400709528

Category: Science

Page: 748

View: 5707

Here is a collection of papers from BIOGEOMON, The Fourth International Symposium on Ecosystem Behavior. The contributions address a wider-than-ever range of concerns: aspects of catchment monitoring and modeling; nitrogen transformations and processes; stable and radiogenic isotopes; biogeochemistry of restored ecosystems; and the dynamics of such chemicals as mercury and phosphorous, among many other topics.

Environmental Chemodynamics

Movement of Chemicals in Air, Water, and Soil

Author: Louis J. Thibodeaux

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780471612957

Category: Science

Page: 593

View: 4543

What happens to a chemical once it enters the natural environment? How do its physical and chemical properties influence its transport, persistence, and partitioning in the biosphere? How do natural forces influence its distribution? How are the answers to these questions useful in making toxicological and epidemiological forecasts? Environmental Chemodynamics, Second Edition introduces readers to the concepts, tools, and techniques currently used to answer these and other critical questions about the fate and transport of chemicals in the natural environment. Like its critically acclaimed predecessor, its main focus is on the mechanisms and rates of movement of chemicals across the air/soil, soil/water, and water/air interfaces, and on how natural processes work to mobilize chemicals near and across interfaces––information vital to performing human and ecological risk assessments. Also consistent with the first edition, Environmental Chemodynamics, Second Edition is organized to accommodate readers of every level of experience. The first section is devoted to theoretical underpinnings and includes discussions of mass balance, thermodynamics, transport science concepts, and more. The second section concentrates on practical aspects, including the movement between bed–sediment and water, movement between soil and air, and intraphase chemical behavior. This revised and updated edition of Louis J. Thibodeaux′s 1979 classic features new or expanded coverage of: ∗ Equilibrium models for environmental compartments ∗ Dry deposition of particles and vapors onto water and soil surfaces ∗ Chemical profiles in rivers and estuaries, particles and porous media ∗ Fate and transport in the atmospheric boundary layer and within subterranean media ∗ Chemical exchange between water column and bed–sediment ∗ Intraphase chemical transport and fate This Second Edition of Environmental Chemodynamics also includes twice as many references and 50% more exercises and practice problems.

The Building Regulations 2000

Approved Document

Author: Stationery Office

Publisher: The Stationery Office

ISBN: 0117036358

Category: Law

Page: 48

View: 3003

This TSO version of approved document C supersedes the ODPM version (ISBN 0117539139) now no longer available.

Movement of hazardous substances in soil

a bibliography

Author: Emily D. Copenhaver,Benita K. Wilkinson,Oak Ridge National Laboratory. Toxic Materials Information Center,Municipal Environmental Research Laboratory

Publisher: N.A


Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: N.A

View: 3877


Land Application of Agricultural, Industrial, and Municipal By-products

Author: J. F. Power

Publisher: Amer Society of Agronomy


Category: Science

Page: 653

View: 5100

"Growing interest in recycling by-products from the agricultural, industrial, and municipal sectors has brought growing environmental concerns as well. Readers will learn the science of the fundamental processes involved in recycling by-products through land application. Problems and potential benefits from land application are outlined, along with case studies and examples of successful land application technologies and programs. "

Chemical Fate and Transport in the Environment

Author: Harold F. Hemond,Elizabeth J. Fechner-Levy

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780123402752

Category: Science

Page: 433

View: 6241

This newly updated and expanded edition of Chemical Fate and Transport in the Environment covers the fundamental principles of mass transport, chemical partitioning, and chemical/biological transformations in surface waters, in soil and groundwater, and in air. Each of these three major environmental media are introduced by descriptive overviews, followed by presentation of the controlling physical, chemical, and biological processes. The text emphasizes intuitively based mathematical models for chemical transport and transformations in the environment, and serves both as a textbook for senior undergraduate and graduate courses in environmental science and engineering, and as a standard reference for environmental practitioners. Key Features * Provides an integrated coverage of major environmental media * Presents a quantitative treatment of fate and transport processes * Is based on a graduate-level course taught for 10 years at MIT, augmented with practical consulting experience * Features examples and illustrations throughout the text * Includes extensive exercises at the end of each chapter * Contains ample references to the primary literature