Soil and Water Contamination, 2nd Edition

Author: Marcel van der Perk

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0415893437

Category: Science

Page: 428

View: 5718

Soil and Water Contamination, Second Edition gives a structured overview of transport and fate processes of environmental contaminants. Dealing with all topics essential for understanding and predicting contaminant patterns in soil, groundwater and surface water, it contributes to the formation of a solid basis for adequate soil and water pollution control and integrated catchment management. A unique feature of this work is that it does not treat water and soil pollution as independent processes, but as components of an integrated whole. The core of this geoscientific approach is divided into four parts: • Introduction to the basics of soil and water contamination, such as the fundamentals of environmental pollution and chemistry and the basic properties of soil, groundwater and surface water. • Source, role, and behaviour of substances in soil and water, treating natural and anthropogenic sources of nutrients, heavy metals, radionuclides and organic pollutants as well as emerging substances of concern, their physico-chemical characteristics, behaviour, and toxicity. • Transport and fate of substances in soil and water, focusing on processes of transport, exchange and transformations like advection, dispersion, adsorption kinetics and biochemical decay. Special attention is paid to the mathematical description and modelling of these processes. • Patterns of substances in soil and water, explaining spatial and temporal patterns of pollutants in soil, groundwater, and surface water, illustrated by recent case studies from fundamental and applied research. This comprehensive, successful textbook, now in its second edition, has been conscientiously updated and extended and includes many case studies, examples and exercises sections, providing undergraduate and graduate students in the Earth and Environmental Sciences with all the material necessary for the study of soil and water contamination. In addition, it can serve as a useful source of information for professionals.

Practical Handbook of Soil, Vadose Zone, and Ground-Water Contamination

Assessment, Prevention, and Remediation, Second Edition

Author: J. Russell Boulding,Jon S. Ginn

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420032147

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 728

View: 8233

A synthesis of years of interdisciplinary research and practice, the second edition of this bestseller continues to serve as a primary resource for information on the assessment, remediation, and control of contamination on and below the ground surface. Practical Handbook of Soil, Vadose Zone, and Ground-Water Contamination: Assessment, Prevention, and Remediation, Second Edition includes important new developments in site characterization and soil and ground water remediation that have appeared since 1995. Presented in an easy-to-read style, this book serves as a comprehensive guide for conducting complex site investigations and identifying methods for effective soil and ground water cleanup. Remediation engineers, ground water and soil scientists, regulatory personnel, researchers, and field investigators can access the latest data and summary tables to illustrate key advantages and disadvantages of various remediation methods.

Environmental Chemodynamics

Movement of Chemicals in Air, Water, and Soil

Author: Louis J. Thibodeaux

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780471612957

Category: Science

Page: 593

View: 6872

What happens to a chemical once it enters the natural environment? How do its physical and chemical properties influence its transport, persistence, and partitioning in the biosphere? How do natural forces influence its distribution? How are the answers to these questions useful in making toxicological and epidemiological forecasts? Environmental Chemodynamics, Second Edition introduces readers to the concepts, tools, and techniques currently used to answer these and other critical questions about the fate and transport of chemicals in the natural environment. Like its critically acclaimed predecessor, its main focus is on the mechanisms and rates of movement of chemicals across the air/soil, soil/water, and water/air interfaces, and on how natural processes work to mobilize chemicals near and across interfaces––information vital to performing human and ecological risk assessments. Also consistent with the first edition, Environmental Chemodynamics, Second Edition is organized to accommodate readers of every level of experience. The first section is devoted to theoretical underpinnings and includes discussions of mass balance, thermodynamics, transport science concepts, and more. The second section concentrates on practical aspects, including the movement between bed–sediment and water, movement between soil and air, and intraphase chemical behavior. This revised and updated edition of Louis J. Thibodeaux′s 1979 classic features new or expanded coverage of: ∗ Equilibrium models for environmental compartments ∗ Dry deposition of particles and vapors onto water and soil surfaces ∗ Chemical profiles in rivers and estuaries, particles and porous media ∗ Fate and transport in the atmospheric boundary layer and within subterranean media ∗ Chemical exchange between water column and bed–sediment ∗ Intraphase chemical transport and fate This Second Edition of Environmental Chemodynamics also includes twice as many references and 50% more exercises and practice problems.

Soil and Water Conservation

For Productivity and Environmental Protection

Author: Frederick R. Troeh,James Arthur Hobbs,Roy Luther Donahue

Publisher: Prentice Hall


Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 656

View: 9800

This fourth edition of "Soil and Water Conservation for Productivity and Environmental Protection" is even more comprehensive than its predecessors. It explores the hazards posed by water and wind erosion, flooding, sedimentation, and pollution in various types of land use. Situations and examples are drawn from plains, hills, and mountainous settings in America and abroad. Practical, environmental, economic, and legal aspects are considered as they influence the choice of cultural and engineering practices most appropriate for controlling runoff, erosion, and pollution. This book is an appropriate textbook for courses in soil and water conservation. It is also a valuable reference for professional conservationists, land managers, and environmental workers.


Praxisorientierter Leitfaden zur numerischen Modellierung von Beschaffenheit, Kontamination und Sanierung aquatischer Systeme

Author: Broder J. Merkel,Britta Planer-Friedrich

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 366207611X

Category: Science

Page: 219

View: 3345

Die Autoren konzentrieren sich in ihrem Werk auf die Lösung praxisorientierter hydrogeochemischer Fragestellungen und schließen damit eine Lücke im Bereich anwendungsorientierter Lehrbücher. Ein erster Teil fasst dabei die Theorie soweit zusammen, daß es auch Neulingen im Bereich der Modellierung und Nichtchemikern leicht gemacht wird, das anspruchsvolle Thema zu erfassen. Akademikern mit hydrogeologischer oder chemischer Grundausbildung sowie Studenten höherer Semester in den relevanten Fachgebieten erlaubt das Buch, anhand der beschriebenen Beispiele und Lösungen, eine eigenständige Erarbeitung der Sachverhalte. Die beiliegende CD-ROM ermöglicht zudem eine rasche Überprüfung der Ergebnisse, bzw. das Nachvollziehen aller Aufgaben und Lösungen anhand der beigefügten PhreeC-Eingabedateien. Da das Programm PhreeC kostenfrei verfügbar ist und mit Windows-Oberfläche auf der CD-ROM vorhanden ist, kann sofort mit der Modellierung begonnen werden.

Soil Pollution

Origin, Monitoring & Remediation

Author: Ibrahim Mirsal

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540707752

Category: Nature

Page: 312

View: 7894

This graduate-level text and reference work is unique among the soil literature, dealing as it does with the interdisciplinary fields of soil pollution and remediation. It starts off with a thorough and comprehensible introduction to the relevant fundamentals of mineralogy, chemistry, and soil properties. Readers are thus well prepared to understand the biochemical aspects of soil remediation then presented. Mathematical modeling and soil monitoring are covered in a way that enables readers from various disciplines to acquire enough scientific literacy to facilitate further research. The book's holistic approach and narrative style are complemented by numerous and detailed illustrations. Soil Pollution is an asset not only to graduate students and instructors, but also to professionals from the environmental and agricultural sciences, as it provides an integrated overview of previously separately treated material.

Regional Approaches to Water Pollution in the Environment

Author: P.E. Rijtema,V. Eliás

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400903456

Category: Science

Page: 320

View: 3684

Regional Approaches to Water Pollution in the Environment integrates knowledge and experience on pollution problems related to industrial, agricultural and municipal activities and former military sites, with special emphasis on the Black Triangle: the region situated at the borders between North Bohemia, Polish Lower Silesia and South Saxony. Here, some five million inhabitants live in an area of brown coal basins having the highest emissions of sulphuric and nitrogen emission in the whole of Europe. The large-scale damage in this region is due to obsolete technology and insufficient equipment for monitoring emissions. Health effects are severe, and controlling the pollution can only be done at high cost. There is thus a need to exchange knowledge and experience on methods for evaluating the expected effects of measures and purification techniques to remedy ground and surface water pollution.

Environmental and Pollution Science

Author: Ian L. Pepper,Charles P. Gerba,Mark L. Brusseau

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 008049479X

Category: Law

Page: 552

View: 4352

Environmental and Pollution Science, Second Edition, provides the latest information on the environmental influence of a significant number of subjects, and discusses their impact on a new generation of students. This updated edition of Pollution Science has been renamed to reflect a wider view of the environmental consequences we pay as a price for a modern economy. The authors have compiled the latest information to help students assess environmental quality using a framework of principles that can be applied to any environmental problem. The book covers key topics such as the fate and transport of contaminants, monitoring and remediation of pollution, sources and characteristics of pollution, and risk assessment and management. It contains more than 400 color photographs and diagrams, numerous questions and problems, case studies, and highlighted keywords. This book is ideally suited for professionals and students studying the environment, especially as it relates to pollution as well as government workers and conservationists/ecologists. * Emphasizes conceptual understanding of environmental impact, integrating the disciplines of biology, chemistry, and mathematics * Topics cover the fate and transport of contaminants; monitoring and remediation of pollution; sources and characteristics of pollution; and risk assessment and management * Includes color photos and diagrams, chapter questions and problems, and highlighted key words

Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology

Continuation of Residue Reviews

Author: George W. Ware

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461215285

Category: Science

Page: 163

View: 5161

International concern in scientific, industrial, and governmental communities over traces of xenobiotics in foods and in both abiotic and biotic environments has justified the present triumvirate of specialized publications in this field: comprehensive reviews, rapidly published research papers and progress reports, and archival documentations. These three international publications are inte grated and scheduled to provide the coherency essential for nonduplicative and current progress in a field as dynamic and complex as environmental contamina tion and toxicology. This series is reserved exclusively for the diversified litera ture on ''toxic'' chemicals in our food, our feeds, our homes, recreational and working surroundings, our domestic animals, our wildlife and ourselves. Tre mendous efforts worldwide have been mobilized to evaluate the nature, pres ence, magnitude, fate, and toxicology of the chemicals loosed upon the earth. Among the sequelae of this broad new emphasis is an undeniable need for an articulated set of authoritative publications, where one can find the latest impor tant world literature produced by these emerging areas of science together with documentation of pertinent ancillary legislation. Research directors and legislative or administrative advisers do not have the time to scan the escalating number of technical publications that may contain articles important to current responsibility. Rather, these individuals need the background provided by detailed reviews and the assurance that the latest infor mation is made available to them, all with minimal literature searching.

Soils: Basic Concepts and Future Challenges

Author: Riccardo Scalenghe

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 113946003X

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: N.A

View: 6760

This book was born as an international tribute to Fiorenzo C. Ugolini, an outstanding soil scientist, now retired from university teaching and research. It is a synthesis of the knowledge of soils, their genesis, functions and management, and includes contributions from leading soil scientists. It provides the basic concepts as well as data and practical examples from across the discipline. The book also discusses the increasingly important role of soils in enabling the preservation of life and contains a rare attempt to cross-harmonize the Soil Groups of the World Reference Base of Soil Resources with the Orders of the Soil Taxonomy. It also considers the possible existence of extraterrestrial soils based on the findings from the last space missions. This volume will be a valuable resource for researchers and students of soil science, soil conservation, geography and landscape ecology.

IPM in Practice, 2nd Edition

Principles and Methods of Integrated Pest Management

Author: Mary Louise Flint

Publisher: University of California Agriculture and Natural Resources

ISBN: 1601077858

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 292

View: 3120

IPM in Practice features IPM strategies for weed, insect, pathogen, nematode, and vertebrate pests and provides specific information on how to set up sampling and monitoring programs in the field. This manual covers methods applicable to vegetable, field, and tree cops as well as landscape and urban situations. Designed to bring you the most up-to-date research and expertise, this manual draws on the knowledge of dozens of experts within the University of California, public agencies, and private practice.

Phytoremediation of Soil and Water Contaminants

Author: Ellen L. Kruger,Todd A. Anderson,Joel R. Coats,American Chemical Society. Division of Agrochemicals,American Chemical Society. Division of Environmental Chemistry,American Chemical Society. Meeting

Publisher: Amer Chemical Society


Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 318

View: 5608

OVERVIEW 1. Phytoremediation of Contaminated Water and Soil, S.D. Cunningham, J.R. Shann, David E. Crowley, and Todd A. Anderson RHIZOSPHERE ECOLOGY 2. Rhizosphere Ecology of Xenobiotic-Degrading Microorganisms, David E. Crowley, Sam Alvey, and Eric S. Gilbert PHYTOREMEDIATION OF AGROCHEMICALS 3. Aromatic Nitroreduction of Acifluorfen in Soils, Rhizospheres, and Pure Cultures of Rhizobacteria, Robert M. Zablotowicz, Martin A. Locke, and Robert E. Hoagland 4. Atrazine Degradation in Pesticide-Contaminated Soils: Phytoremediation Potential, Ellen L. Kruger, Jennifer C. Anhalt, Diana Sorenson, Brett Nelson, Ana L. Chouhy, Todd A. Anderson, and Joel R. Coats 5. Utilization of Plant Material for Remediation of Herbicide-Contaminated Soils, S.C. Wagner and Robert M. Zablotowicz 6. Potential of Biostimulation To Enhance Dissipation of Aged Herbicide Residues in Land-Farmed Waste, A.S. Felsot and E.K. Dzantor 7. An Integrated Phytoremediation Strategy for Chloroacetamide Herbicides in Soil, Robert E. Hoagland, Robert M. Zablotowicz, and Martin A. Locke 8. Ascorbate: A Biomarker of Herbicide Stress in Wetland Plants, T.F. Lytle and J.S. Lytle 9. Degradation of Persistent Herbicides in Riparian Wetlands, D.M. Stoeckel, E.C. Mudd, and James A. Entry 10. Phytoremediation of Herbicide-Contaminated Surface Water with Aquatic Plants, Pamela J. Rice, Todd A. Anderson, and Joel R. Coats 11. The Metabolism of Exogenously Provided Atrazine by the Ectomycorrhizal Fungus Hebeloma crustuliniforme and the Host Plant Pinus ponderosa, J.L. Gaskin and J. Fletcher PHYTOREMEDIATION OF INDUSTRIAL CHEMICALS 12. Evaluation of the Use of Vegetation for Reducing the Environmental Impact of Deicing Agents, Patricia J. Rice, Todd A. Anderson, and Joel R. Coats 13. Phytoremediation of Trichloroethylene with Hybrid Poplars, Milton Gordon, Nami Choe, Jim Duffy, Gorden Ekuan, Paul Heilman, Indulis Muiznieks, Lee Newman, Marty Ruszaj, B. Brook Shurtleff, Stuart Strand, and Jodi Wilmoth 14. Field Study: Grass Remediation for Clay Soil Contaminated with Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons, Xiujin Qiu, Thomas W. Leland, Sunil I. Shah, Darwin L. Sorensen, and Ernest W. Kendall 15. Benzo(a)pyrene and Hexachlorobiphenyl Contaminated Soil: Phytoremediation Potential, V. Epuri and Darwin L. Sorensen 16. Fate of Benzene in Soils Planted with Alfalfa: Uptake, Volatilization, and Degradation, A. Ferro, J. Kennedy, W. Doucette, S. Nelson, G. Jauregui, B. McFarland, and B. Bugbee 17. Metabolism of Chlorinated Phenols by Lemna gibba, Duckweed, Harry E. Ensley, Hari A. Sharma, John T. Barber, and Michael A. Polito 18. Rhizosphere Effects on the Degradation of Pyrene and Anthracene in Soil, S.C. Wetzel, M.K. Banks, and A.P. Schwab PHYTOREMEDIATION OF METALS 19. Arabidopsis thaliana as a Model System for Studying Lead Accumulation and Tolerance in Plants, J. Chen, J.W. Huang, T. Caspar, and S.D. Cunningham 20. Bioremediation of Chromium from Water and Soil by Vascular Aquatic Plants, P. Chandra, S. Sinha, and U.N. Rai 21. Phytoextraction of Lead from Contaminated Soils, J.W. Huang, J. Chen, and S.D. Cunningham 22. Phytoremediation and Reclamation of Soils Contaminated with Radionuclides, James A. Entry, Lidia S. Watrud, Robin S. Manasse, and Nan C. Vance.

Water Quality

Diffuse Pollution and Watershed Management

Author: Vladimir Novotny

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780471396338

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 864

View: 5126

Water resources professionals need sound practical advice on what to look for, what tools are best to use, what the regulations are, and what recommendations to make concerning management and control of non-point source water pollution. This revised edition provides up-to-date material reflecting the huge advances made, since the original edition was published, in understanding atmospheric deposition, pollutant interaction with soils, and modeling and monitoring using GIS systems.

Sustainability in the Hospitality Industry 2nd Ed

Principles of Sustainable Operations

Author: Philip Sloan,Willy Legrand,Joseph S. Chen

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136298134

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 392

View: 2410

Sustainability is one of the single most important global issues facing the world. A clear understanding of the issues surrounding climate change, global warming, air and water pollution, ozone depletion, deforestation, the loss of biodiversity and global poverty is essential for every future manager in the hospitality industry. Present and future hospitality executives need to know how sustainable management systems can be integrated into their businesses while maintaining and hopefully improving the bottom line. Sustainability in the Hospitality Industry, second edition, is the only book available to introduce the students to economic, environmental and social sustainable issues specifically facing the industry as well as exploring ideas, solutions, and strategies of how to manage operations in a sustainable way. Since the first edition of this book there have been many important developments in this field and this second edition has been updated in the following ways: updated content to reflect recent issues and trends including hotel energy solutions and green hotel design two new chapters on 'Sustainable Food' and 'Social Entrepreneurship and Social Value' updated international case studies throughout to explore key issues and show real life operational responses to sustainability within the hospitality industry. New case studies on growth hotel development markets, Asia and the Middle East new practical exercises throughout to apply your knowledge to real-life sustainability scenarios. This accessible and comprehensive account of Sustainability in the Hospitality Industry is essential reading for all students and future managers.

TEENAGERS: Your Essential Guide to the Weird World of... Adults 2nd Edition

Author: Keith Gilbert,Leesa Schuh


ISBN: 144524859X


Page: 180

View: 2857

When parents learn NLP they invariably say, "I wish I knew this stuff as a teenager." In this increasingly confusing, complex and competitive world teenagers need, more than ever, the skills and resources they need to protect themselves while creating the life that they want. This means, Mum and Dad, that they're going to need to learn how to discover what is important to them, learn how to generate their own mental and emotional balance, and learn how to find their own purposes and achieve their own goals. To this end there is no finer set of tools than Neuro-Linguistic Programming (NLP). "Teenagers: Your Essential Guide to the Weird World of... Adults" will show your teenagers how to use language effectively, how to protect themselves from the impositions of others, and how to discover what is most important to them and translate their personal criteria into desirable, personal goals. Any questions? Here’s my email – [email protected]

Quantifying Sustainable Development

The Future of Tropical Economies

Author: Charles A. S. Hall,Carlos Leon Perez,Grégoire Leclerc

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780123188601

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 761

View: 3526

Until recently, the phenomenal economic development of the Asian tigers, Chile, and Malaysia, as well as the sustained economic growth of the United States, painted a very desirable and optimistic picture of free markets, fiscal responsibility, and, more generally, the entire dogma of neoclassical economics. As of the fall of 1998, however, the economies of many tropical countries have contracted severely, and the enthusiasm of the developing tropics for the free market and all of its ancillary policies is decidedly cooler. Have our traditional approaches to economics been failing the developing world? This interdisciplinary book covers the conditions of the developing tropics, the resistance of some of their problems to earlier attempts at solutions, and the use of new tools to develop a much more comprehensive and empirical framework for analysis and decision making. It also presents the development of cutting edge technology that links GIS and modeling approaches with extensive databases on meteorology, soils, agricultural production, and land use. The book discusses whether development is sustainable through a synthesis of demographic, economic, and resource-specific considerations. Costa Rica is uniquely suited to this study because of its size, stage of development, democratic institutions, and national databases. A CD-ROM containing all data and programs, color images, animated models, large data tables, and references accompanies the book. Key Features * Links economic and biophysical analyses of sustainability * Presents new tools and approaches for analysis and decision-making * Includes a CD-ROM containing data and programs, color images, animated models, and references

Soil Carbon Sequestration and the Greenhouse Effect

Author: R. Lal,Ronald F. Follett

Publisher: ASA-CSSA-SSSA

ISBN: 9780891188506

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 410

View: 3347

This book is about the concept of the Greenhouse Effect is more than a century old,but today the observed and predicted climate changes. This second edition of Soil Carbon Sequestration and the Greenhouse Effect is essential reading for understandingthe processes, properties, and practices affecting the soil carbon pool and its dynamics.

Laudato si

Die Umwelt-Enzyklika des Papstes

Author: Franziskus (Papst),

Publisher: Verlag Herder GmbH

ISBN: 345180736X

Category: Religion

Page: 288

View: 2199

Mit großer Spannung wurde sie erwartet, auch von Nicht-Katholiken: Die Umwelt-Enzyklika von Papst Franziskus nimmt die heute entscheidenden Themen in den Blick; es geht um die geht um soziale, ökologische und politische Zusammenhänge. Wohl selten war ein päpstliches Schreiben so aktuell und brisant und vor allem relevant für alle Gesellschaftsschichten und Menschen weltweit. Mit "Laudato si" beweist Franziskus, dass die Kirche nach wie vor eine unverzichtbare Stimme im Diskurs zur Gestaltung der modernen Welt ist. Wer verstehen will, wie Papst und Kirche die großen Herausforderungen unserer Zeit bestehen wollen, kommt an diesem Werk nicht vorbei. Ein Muss für jeden, der an den drängenden Fragen unserer Zeit interessiert ist.

Handbook of Environmental Analysis

Chemical Pollutants in Air, Water, Soil, and Solid Wastes, Second Edition

Author: Pradyot Patnaik

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420065824

Category: Science

Page: 824

View: 7243

A reflection of the myriad changes in the field of environmental analysis and the emergence of many new classes of pollutants in recent years, the second edition of Handbook of Environmental Analysis: Chemical Pollutants in Air, Water, Soil, and Solid Wastes covers all aspects of environmental analysis. Completely revised and updated to include new analytical techniques as well as additional chemical structures and reactions, this second edition retains the features — clarity of prose, pertinent examples, and authoritative coverage of a wide range of toxic pollutants — that made the first edition a bestseller. New and updated information in the Second Edition: Chapters on emerging pollutants such as pharmaceuticals, household products, nonionic surfactants, steroids, hormones, flame-retardants, and plasticizers Chapters on oxyhalides, glyphosate herbicides, oil and grease, disinfection by-products, and haloacetic acids A chapter on radioactivity Updated NIOSH methods on air analysis Revised content on gas chromatography and mass spectrometry US EPA and Standard Methods The book provides information on an array of topics from instrumentations, analytical techniques, and sample preparations to statistical calculations, chemical structures, and equations. It includes information on many alternative analytical procedures, making this edition more informative and versatile than its predecessor. It presents the tools and techniques required to measure a wide range of toxic pollutants in our environment.

Biogeochemical Investigations of Terrestrial, Freshwater, and Wetland Ecosystems across the Globe

Author: R. Kelman Wieder,Martin Novák,Melanie A. Vile

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400709528

Category: Science

Page: 748

View: 2966

Here is a collection of papers from BIOGEOMON, The Fourth International Symposium on Ecosystem Behavior. The contributions address a wider-than-ever range of concerns: aspects of catchment monitoring and modeling; nitrogen transformations and processes; stable and radiogenic isotopes; biogeochemistry of restored ecosystems; and the dynamics of such chemicals as mercury and phosphorous, among many other topics.