Spinoza: A Very Short Introduction

Author: Roger Scruton

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191604534

Category: Philosophy

Page: 144

View: 8325

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Benedict de Spinoza (1632-77) was at once the father of the Enlightenment and the last sad guardian of the medieval world. In his brilliant synthesis of geometrical method, religious sentiment, and secular science, he attempted to reconcile the conflicting moral and intellectual demands of his epoch, and to present a vision of humanity as simultaneously bound by necessity and eternally free. In this book Roger Scruton presents a clear and systematic analysis of Spinoza's thought, and shows its relevance to today's intellectual preoccupations. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.

Spinoza: A Very Short Introduction

Author: Roger Scruton

Publisher: Oxford Paperbacks

ISBN: 9780192803160

Category: Philosophy

Page: 144

View: 8186

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Benedict de Spinoza (1632-77) was at once the father of the Enlightenment and the last sad guardian of the medieval world. In his brilliant synthesis of geometrical method, religious sentiment, and secular science, he attempted to reconcile the conflicting moral and intellectual demands of his epoch, and to present a vision of humanity as simultaneously bound by necessity and eternally free. Roger Scruton presents a clear and systematic analysis of Spinoza's thought, and shows its relevance to today's intellectual preoccupations.

Kant: A Very Short Introduction

Author: Roger Scruton

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191604437

Category: Philosophy

Page: 160

View: 8970

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Kant is arguably the most influential modern philosopher, but also one of the most difficult. Roger Scruton tackles his exceptionally complex subject with a strong hand, exploring the background to Kant's work and showing why the Critique of Pure Reason has proved so enduring. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.

Romanticism: A Very Short Introduction

Author: Michael Ferber

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 019956891X

Category: Art

Page: 148

View: 6669

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The only short introduction to Romanticism that incorporates not only the English but the Continental movements, and not only literature but music, art, religion, and philosophy.-publisher description.

The Enlightenment

A Very Short Introduction

Author: John Robertson

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0199591784

Category: History

Page: 144

View: 4773

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A foundational moment in the history of modern European thought, the Enlightenment continues to be a reference point for philosophers, scholars and opinion-formers. To many it remains the inspiration of our commitments to the betterment of the human condition. To others, it represents the elevation of one set of European values to the world, many of whose peoples have quite different values. But what is the relationship between the historical Enlightenment and the idea of 'Enlightenment', and can these two understandings be reconciled? In this Very Short Introduction, John Robertson offers a concise historical introduction to the Enlightenment as an intellectual movement of eighteenth-century Europe. Discussing its intellectual achievements, he also explores how its supporters exploited new ways of communicating their ideas to a wider public, creating a new 'public sphere' for critical discussion of the moral, economic and political issues facing their societies. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.

Ethik - Vollständige deutsche Ausgabe

Deduktive Folgerungen aus dem Gedanken des Ineinsfalls von Gott und Natur

Author: Baruch Spinoza

Publisher: Musaicum Books

ISBN: 8075830687

Category: Philosophy

Page: 167

View: 5596

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Dieses eBook wurde mit einem funktionalen Layout erstellt und sorgfältig formatiert. Die Ausgabe von Spinoza's Ethik ist mit interaktiven Inhalt und Begleitinformationen versehen, einfach zu navigieren und gut gegliedert. Das erste Buch hat das Problem des Wesens Gottes zum Thema. Spinoza versucht das wahre Wesen Gottes darzulegen. Für ihn ist Gott nicht anthropomorph zu verstehen, d.h. als ein Wesen, das denken, wollen oder gar Gefühle haben könnte. Außerdem ist Gott nicht als eine Instanz zu verstehen, die die Welt durch ein fiat geschaffen hätte. Das zweite Buch ist dem Wesen und dem Ursprung des Geistes gewidmet. Hier beginnt er mit Definitionen der Begriffe Körper, Geist, Idee, Realität. Das dritte Buch: Über den Ursprung und Wesen der Affekte. Hier entwickelt Spinoza seine Psychologie der Emotionen. Er definiert am Anfang die Begriffe Handeln, Leiden und Affekt. Das vierte Buch: Über die Abhängigkeit von den Kräften der Affekte. Hier eröffnen sich die eigentlichen ethischen Annahmen Spinozas im Sinne einer angewandten Psychologie. Zunächst zeigt Spinoza die unumgehbaren Schranken, die dem Menschen durch seine psychische Affekte auferlegt sind. Streben nach Wahrheit ist nichts anderes als ein Selbsterhaltungsdrang des Geistes. Das fünfte Buch: Von der Macht der Vernunft und der menschlichen Freiheit. Die wahre Macht der Vernunft ist ein sich Einlassen auf die göttliche Notwendigkeit des Seins der Dinge. Erkennen ist Freiheit, Tugend und Glückseligkeit. Baruch de Spinoza (1632-1677) war ein niederländischer Philosoph. Er wird dem Rationalismus zugeordnet und gilt als einer der Begründer der modernen Bibelkritik sowie Religionskritik.

Kleine jüdische Geschichte

Author: Michael Brenner

Publisher: C.H.Beck

ISBN: 3406621244

Category:

Page: 374

View: 9484

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Klar, anschaulich und mit Blick für das Wesentliche erzählt Michael Brenner die wechselvolle Geschichte der Juden, die sich über 3000 Jahre und fünf Kontinente erstreckt. Der Holocaust, die Geschichte Israels und das amerikanische Judentum kommen ebenso zur Sprache wie die Anfänge in biblischer Zeit und die reichhaltigen Spuren, die eine über tausendjährige jüdische Präsenz in Europa hinterlassen hat. (Quelle: Homepage des Verlags).

Spinoza

praktische Philosophie

Author: Gilles Deleuze

Publisher: Merve Verlag GmbH

ISBN: 9783883960593

Category: Ethics

Page: 176

View: 8613

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Radikalaufklärung

Author: Jonathan I. Israel,Martin Mulsow

Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag

ISBN: 3518798103

Category: Political Science

Page: 277

View: 3934

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Seit einem Jahrzehnt gibt es eine intensive Forschung zur »Radikalaufklärung« – dem atheistischen, skeptischen und materialistischen Flügel des Denkens im späten 17. und 18. Jahrhundert. Vor allem Jonathan Israel hat für die aufregende These argumentiert, dass diese radikalen Aufklärer verantwortlich sind für die Errungenschaften der Moderne, für Freiheit und Menschenrechte, Gleichheit und Toleranz, und dass der Spinozismus eine zentrale Rolle bei deren Durchsetzung gespielt hat. In diesem Band setzen sich acht führende nationale und internationale Experten mit Israels These auseinander und zeigen die Vielfalt und Deutungen der Radikalaufklärung auf. Mit Beiträgen von Silvia Berti, Wiep van Bunge, Margaret C. Jacob, Anthony McKenna u. a.

The Old Testament: A Very Short Introduction

Author: Michael Coogan

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199885443

Category: Religion

Page: 160

View: 3792

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Eminent biblical scholar Michael D. Coogan offers here a wide-ranging and stimulating exploration of the Old Testament, illuminating its importance as history, literature, and sacred text. Coogan explains the differences between the Bible of Jewish tradition (the "Hebrew Bible") and the Old Testament of Christianity, and also examines the different contents of the Bibles used by Roman Catholics, Eastern Orthodox Christians, and Protestants. He looks at the rise of modern biblical scholarship as well as the recovery of ancient Near Eastern literatures and their significance for biblical interpretation. Coogan explores the use of invented dialogue and historical fiction in the Old Testament, the presence of mythic elements in apparently historical accounts, and the relationship of ancient Israelite myths to those of their neighbors. The book considers the Old Testament's idea of divine justice, especially in Ecclesiastes and Job, and looks at notions of the afterlife in the ancient Near East and in ancient Israel. Coogan highlights the significance of the history and literature of the Old Testament and describes how non-biblical evidence, such as archaeological data and texts, has placed the Old Testament in a larger and more illuminating context. The book also discusses law and ritual in the Bible as well as the biblical understandings of prophecy. Here then is a marvelous overview of one of the great pillars of Western religion and culture, a book whose significance has endured for thousands of years and which remains vitally important today for Jews, Christians, and Muslims worldwide. About the Series: Oxford's Very Short Introductions offers concise and original introductions to a wide range of subjects--from Islam to Sociology, Politics to Classics, and Literary Theory to History. Not simply a textbook of definitions, each volume provides trenchant and provocative--yet always balanced and complete--discussions of the central issues in a given topic. Every Very Short Introduction gives a readable evolution of the subject in question, demonstrating how it has developed and influenced society. Whatever the area of study, whatever the topic that fascinates the reader, the series has a handy and affordable guide that will likely prove indispensable.

Viruses: A Very Short Introduction

Author: Dorothy H. Crawford

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191620432

Category: Medical

Page: 176

View: 529

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Viruses are big news. From pandemics such as HIV, swine flu, and SARS, we are constantly being bombarded with information about new lethal infections. In this Very Short Introduction Dorothy Crawford demonstrates how clever these entities really are. From their discovery and the unravelling of their intricate structures, Crawford demonstrates how these tiny parasites are by far the most abundant life forms on the planet. With up to two billion of them in each litre of sea water, viruses play a vital role in controlling the marine environment and are essential to the ocean's delicate ecosystem. Analyzing the threat of emerging virus infections, Crawford recounts stories of renowned killer viruses such as Ebola and rabies as well as the less known bat-borne Nipah and Hendra viruses. Pinpointing wild animals as the source of the most recent pandemics, she discusses the reasons behind the present increase in potentially fatal infections, as well as evidence suggesting that long term viruses can eventually lead to cancer. By examining our lifestyle in the 21st century, Crawford looks to the future to ask whether we can ever live in harmony with viruses, and considers the ways in which we may need to adapt to prevent emerging viruses with devastating consequences. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.