Sport and the Color Line

Black Athletes and Race Relations in Twentieth-century America

Author: Patrick B. Miller,David Kenneth Wiggins

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415946117

Category: History

Page: 382

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The year 2003 marks the one-hundredth anniversary of W.E.B. Du Bois' "Souls of Black Folk," in which he declared that "the color line" would be the problem of the twentieth century. Half a century later, Jackie Robinson would display his remarkable athletic skills in "baseball's great experiment." Now, "Sport and the Color Line" takes a look at the last century through the lens of sports and race, drawing together articles by many of the leading figures in Sport Studies to address the African American experience and the history of race relations. The history of African Americans in sport is not simple, and it certainly did not begin in 1947 when Jackie Robinson first donned a Brooklyn Dodgers uniform. The essays presented here examine the complexity of black American sports culture, from the organization of semi-pro baseball and athletic programs at historically black colleges and universities, to the careers of individual stars such as Jack Johnson and Joe Louis, to the challenges faced by black women in sports. What are today's black athletes doing in the aftermath of desegregation, or with the legacy of Muhammad Ali's political stance? The essays gathered here engage such issues, as well as the paradoxes of corporate sport and the persistence of scientific racism in the athletic realm.

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 1538114984

Category:

Page: N.A

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Documenting the Black Experience

Essays on African American History, Culture and Identity in Nonfiction Films

Author: Novotny Lawrence

Publisher: McFarland

ISBN: 1476619638

Category: Social Science

Page: 280

View: 7971

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History taught at the elementary, middle, high school and even college levels often excludes significant events from African American history, such as the murder of Emmett Till or the murder of four black girls by the Ku Klux Klan in the Sixteenth Street Baptist Church bombing in Birmingham. Such events are integral parts of history that continue to inform America’s racial politics. Their exclusion is a problem that this work addresses by bringing more visibility to documentary films focusing on the events. Books treating the history of documentary films follow a similar pattern, omitting the efforts of filmmakers who have continued to focus on African American history. This book works to make documentary discourse more complete, bringing attention to films that cover the African American experience in four areas—civil rights, sports, electronic media, and the contemporary black struggle—demonstrating how the issues continue to inform America’s racial politics.

The New Plantation

Black Athletes, College Sports, and Predominantly White NCAA Institutions

Author: B. Hawkins

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 023010553X

Category: Education

Page: 238

View: 832

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The New Plantation examines the controversial relationship between predominantly White NCAA Division I Institutions (PWI s) and black athletes, utilizing an internal colonial model. It provides a much-needed in-depth analysis to fully comprehend the magnitude of the forces at work that impact black athletes experiences at PWI s. Hawkins provides a conceptual framework for understanding the structural arrangements of PWI s and how they present challenges to Black athletes academic success; yet, challenges some have overcome and gone on to successful careers, while many have succumbed to these prevailing structural arrangements and have not benefited accordingly. The work is a call for academic reform, collective accountability from the communities that bear the burden of nurturing this athletic talent and the institutions that benefit from it, and collective consciousness to the Black male athletes that make of the largest percentage of athletes who generate the most revenue for the NCAA and its member institutions. Its hope is to promote a balanced exchange in the athletic services rendered and the educational services received.

Rivals

Legendary Matchups That Made Sports History

Author: David K. Wiggins,R . Pierre Rodgers

Publisher: University of Arkansas Press

ISBN: 9781610753494

Category: GAMES

Page: 465

View: 8865

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The sixteen original essays in this collection cover influential and famous rivalries from a variety of sports, including track and field, golf, boxing, basketball, tennis, ice skating, baseball, football, soccer, and more. The essays are diverse, but together they illustrate what is common to any rivalry: equally matched opponents that often have decidedly different backgrounds, styles, and personalities. These differences may center on race and culture, political and societal ideologies, personality, geography, or religion—a mix intensified by fans and the media. From highly publicized and emotionally charged individual competitions to bitterly fought team contests, Rivals illuminates what one-of-a-kind opponents and the passion they inspire tell us about ourselves and our society.

Breaking Through

John B. McLendon, Basketball Legend and Civil Rights Pioneer

Author: Milton S. Katz

Publisher: University of Arkansas Press

ISBN: 9781557288479

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 256

View: 9010

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John B. McLendon was the last living protégé of basketball's inventor, Dr. James Naismith, and one of the "top ten basketball coaches of the century" in Billy Packer's opinion. McLendon's amazing records in college and pro basketball earned him a spot in the Basketball Hall of Fame (the first black coach to be inducted), and his coaching philosophy has had a huge influence on basketball coaches. Breaking Through is also a powerful and inspirational story about segregation and a champion's struggle for equality in 1940s and 50s America. Black Magic, ESPN's Peabody Award–winning documentary about players and coaches who attended historically black colleges and universities, covers many of the events in McLendon's life that Katz writes about in his book.

Touch the Sky

Alice Coachman, Olympic High Jumper

Author: Ann Malaspina

Publisher: Albert Whitman and Company

ISBN: 9780807580356

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 32

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A biography of the first black woman to win an Olympic gold medal, from her childhood in segregated Albany, Georgia, in the 1930s, through her recognition at the 1996 Olympics as one of the hundred best athletes in Olympic history. Includes bibliographical references.

A Companion to Warren G. Harding, Calvin Coolidge, and Herbert Hoover

Author: Katherine A.S. Sibley

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 111883447X

Category: History

Page: 616

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With the analysis of the best scholars on this era, 29 essaysdemonstrate how academics then and now have addressed thepolitical, economic, diplomatic, cultural, ethnic, and socialhistory of the presidents of the Republican Era of 1921-1933 -Harding, Coolidge, and Hoover. This is the first historiographical treatment of along-neglected period, ranging from early treatments to the mostrecent scholarship Features review essays on the era, including the legacy ofprogressivism in an age of “normalcy”, the history ofAmerican foreign relations after World War I, and race relations inthe 1920s, as well as coverage of the three presidential electionsand a thorough treatment of the causes and consequences of theGreat Depression An introduction by the editor provides an overview of theissues, background and historical problems of the time, and thepersonalities at play

Out of the Shadows

A Biographical History of African American Athletes

Author: David K. Wiggins

Publisher: University of Arkansas Press

ISBN: 9781610752954

Category: Social Science

Page: 459

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The original essays in this comprehensive collection examine the lives and sports of famous and not-so-famous African American male and female athletes from the nineteenth century to today. Here are twenty insightful biographies that furnish perspectives on the changing status of these athletes and how these changes mirrored the transformation of sports, American society, and civil rights legislation. Some of the athletes discussed include Marshall Taylor (bicycling), William Henry Lewis (football), Jack Johnson, Satchel Paige, Jesse Owens, Joe Lewis, Alice Coachman (track and field), Althea Gibson (tennis), Wilma Rudolph, Bill Russell, Jim Brown, Arthur Ashe, Michael Jordan, Tiger Woods, and Venus and Serena Williams.

Diversity and Social Justice in College Sports

Sport Management and the Student Athlete

Author: Dana D. Brooks,Ronald C. Althouse

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781885693778

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 431

View: 5364

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Each of the well-researched chapters in this comprehensive volume makes a singular contribution to understanding the complexities of diversity and social justice in college sports. Chapters are grouped into sections that address major components: Historical Analysis; Social Justice and Cultural Concerns; African American Coaching and Other Leadership Opportunities; Media, Media Images, and Stereotyping; Intersection of Race, Sport, and Law; Sport Administration/Management: Intersection of Race, Class, and Gender; Looking Toward the Future. This volume makes a valuable contribution to the literature on American sports.

From Jack Johnson to LeBron James

Sports, Media, and the Color Line

Author: Chris Lamb

Publisher: U of Nebraska Press

ISBN: 0803285264

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 672

View: 9144

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The campaign for racial equality in sports has both reflected and affected the campaign for racial equality in the United States. Some of the most significant and publicized stories in this campaign in the twentieth century have happened in sports, including, of course, Jackie Robinson in baseball; Jesse Owens, Tommie Smith, and John Carlos in track; Arthur Ashe in tennis; and Jack Johnson, Joe Louis, and Muhammad Ali in boxing. Long after the full integration of college and professional athletics, race continues to play a major role in sports. Not long ago, sportswriters and sportscasters ignored racial issues. They now contribute to the public’s evolving racial attitudes on issues both on and off the field, ranging from integration to self-determination to masculinity. From Jack Johnson to LeBron James examines the intersection of sports, race, and the media in the twentieth century and beyond. The essays are linked by a number of questions, including: How did the black and white media differ in content and context in their reporting of these stories? How did the media acknowledge race in their stories? Did the media recognize these stories as historically significant? Considering how media coverage has evolved over the years, the essays begin with the racially charged reporting of Jack Johnson’s reign as heavyweight champion and carry up to the present, covering the media narratives surrounding the Michael Vick dogfighting case in a supposedly post-racial era and the media’s handling of LeBron James’s announcement to leave Cleveland for Miami.

Raceball

How the Major Leagues Colonized the Black and Latin Game

Author: Rob Ruck

Publisher: Beacon Press

ISBN: 0807048062

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 288

View: 7511

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From an award-winning writer, the first linked history of African Americans and Latinos in Major League Baseball After peaking at 27 percent of all major leaguers in 1975, African Americans now make up less than one-tenth--a decline unimaginable in other men's pro sports. The number of Latin Americans, by contrast, has exploded to over one-quarter of all major leaguers and roughly half of those playing in the minors. Award-winning historian Rob Ruck not only explains the catalyst for this sea change; he also breaks down the consequences that cut across society. Integration cost black and Caribbean societies control over their own sporting lives, changing the meaning of the sport, but not always for the better. While it channeled black and Latino athletes into major league baseball, integration did little for the communities they left behind. By looking at this history from the vantage point of black America and the Caribbean, a more complex story comes into focus, one largely missing from traditional narratives of baseball's history. Raceball unveils a fresh and stunning truth: baseball has never been stronger as a business, never weaker as a game.

The Sound of Freedom

Marian Anderson, the Lincoln Memorial, and the Concert That Awakened America

Author: Raymond Arsenault

Publisher: Bloomsbury Press

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 320

View: 653

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Award-winning civil rights historian Ray Arsenault describes the dramatic story behind Marian Anderson's concert at the Lincoln Memorial--an early milestone in civil rights history--on the seventieth anniversary of her performance. On Easter Sunday 1939, the brilliant vocalist Marian Anderson sang before a throng of seventy-five thousand at the Lincoln Memorial in Washington--an electrifying moment and an underappreciated milestone in civil rights history. Though she was at the peak of a dazzling career, Anderson had been barred from performing at the Daughters of the American Revolution's Constitution Hall because she was black. When Eleanor Roosevelt resigned from the DAR over the incident and took up Anderson's cause, however, it became a national issue. Like a female Jackie Robinson--but several years before his breakthrough--Anderson rose to a pressure-filled and politically charged occasion with dignity and courage, and struck a vital blow for civil rights. In the 1963 March on Washington, Martin Luther King would follow, literally, in Anderson's footsteps. T his tightly focused, richly textured narrative by acclaimed historian Raymond Arsenault captures the struggle for racial equality in 1930s America, the quiet heroism of Marian Anderson, and a moment that inspired blacks and whites alike.

Race Relations in the United States, 1940-1960

Author: Thomas Joseph Davis

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 9780313342769

Category: History

Page: 192

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Covers the key events, influential figures, legislation, media influences, cultural impact, and theories of race relations in the United States from 1940 to 1960.

Qualitative methods in sports studies

Author: David L. Andrews,Daniel S. Mason,Michael L. Silk

Publisher: Berg Publishers

ISBN: 9781859737842

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 210

View: 6898

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This book makes a timely contribution to a broader methodological project as the first systematic examination and explication of qualitative research methods within sports studies. Qualitative Methods in Sports Studies assesses a variety of approaches, ranging from social historical, media text, and personal narrative to ethnographic and interview-based qualitative research methodologies. Drawing on the diversity of sport studies literature, contributors outline the major issues and strategies associated with each method. This practical research guide is an essential reference tool for students and scholars of sport and leisure studies.

African American Icons of Sport

Triumph, Courage, and Excellence

Author: Matthew C. Whitaker

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 9780313340284

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 309

View: 6508

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Presents the lives and accomplishment of twenty-four African American athletes and coaches, discussing their achievements in sport as they dealt with discrimination and social pressures, their involvement in issues of social justice, and their influence on subsequent generations of athletes.

For All the World to See

Visual Culture and the Struggle for Civil Rights

Author: Maurice Berger

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Photography

Page: 207

View: 2171

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"In collaboration with: Center for Art, Design and Visual Culture, University of Maryland Baltimore County, National Museum of African American History and Culture, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C."

Der Sport der Könige

Roman

Author: C. E. Morgan

Publisher: Luchterhand Literaturverlag

ISBN: 364123705X

Category: Fiction

Page: 960

View: 5271

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Virtuos erzählt die Schriftstellerin C.E. Morgan von den Menschen, die das Erbe der amerikanischen Geschichte in sich tragen, und erschafft damit ein an Faulkner erinnerndes, großes modernes Epos. Henry Forge und seine Tochter Henrietta haben einen Traum: Sie wollen das beste Rennpferd aller Zeiten züchten. Die Familie Forge gehört zu den ältesten und einflussreichsten Pferdezüchterdynastien von Kentucky, ihr Vollblut Hellsmouth bringt exzellente Vorraussetzungen mit. Doch als Allmon Shaughnessy auf der Farm anheuert, ein ehrgeiziger junger Schwarzer, und sich Henrietta in ihn verliebt, werden Kräfte freigesetzt, die seit Jahrhunderten das Leben in den Südstaaten bestimmt haben und immer noch machtvoll sind. Angst, Vorurteile und sexuelles Verlangen, Rassismus und Wut, die Kluft zwischen Arm und Reich, Unterdrückung, ja Gewalt sind die ständigen Begleiter dieses Lebens im Schatten der Sklaverei, die untrennbar verbunden ist mit der amerikanischen Geschichte.