Statistical Physics

Author: L D Landau,E.M. Lifshitz

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0080570461

Category: Science

Page: 544

View: 7700

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A lucid presentation of statistical physics and thermodynamics which develops from the general principles to give a large number of applications of the theory.

Course of Theoretical Physics

Physical Kinetics

Author: L. P. Pitaevskii,E.M. Lifshitz,J. B. Sykes

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1483285413

Category: Science

Page: 465

View: 1554

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The approach to physical kinetics is closely integrated with that of other branches of physics as presented in the companion volumes of this series. The major part of the contents is concerned with a systematic development of the theory of plasmas, the authority being firmly rooted in the pioneer work of Landau. Although the main scope concerns fully ionized gaseous plasmas, corresponding results are also given for partially ionized plasmas, relativistic plasmas, degenerate or non-ideal plasmas and solid state plasmas. Problems (with answers) are to be found in the text. This work completes the Course of Theoretical Physics begun over 20 years ago

Statistical Physics

Author: Lev Davidovich Landau,Evgeniĭ Mikhaĭlovich Lifshit︠s︡,Lev Petrovich Pitaevskiĭ

Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann

ISBN: 9780750626361

Category: Statistical physics

Page: N.A

View: 3391

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Thermodynamics, Gibbs Method and Statistical Physics of Electron Gases

Author: Bahram M. Askerov,Sophia Figarova

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642031714

Category: Science

Page: 374

View: 9569

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This book deals with theoretical thermodynamics and the statistical physics of electron and particle gases. It treats the laws of thermodynamics from a classical and a quantum theoretical view point. The free energy is calculated with a Gibbs formalism.

A Concise Handbook of Mathematics, Physics, and Engineering Sciences

Author: Andrei D. Polyanin,Alexei I. Chernoutsan

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781439806401

Category: Mathematics

Page: 1125

View: 5303

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A Concise Handbook of Mathematics, Physics, and Engineering Sciences takes a practical approach to the basic notions, formulas, equations, problems, theorems, methods, and laws that most frequently occur in scientific and engineering applications and university education. The authors pay special attention to issues that many engineers and students find difficult to understand. The first part of the book contains chapters on arithmetic, elementary and analytic geometry, algebra, differential and integral calculus, functions of complex variables, integral transforms, ordinary and partial differential equations, special functions, and probability theory. The second part discusses molecular physics and thermodynamics, electricity and magnetism, oscillations and waves, optics, special relativity, quantum mechanics, atomic and nuclear physics, and elementary particles. The third part covers dimensional analysis and similarity, mechanics of point masses and rigid bodies, strength of materials, hydrodynamics, mass and heat transfer, electrical engineering, and methods for constructing empirical and engineering formulas. The main text offers a concise, coherent survey of the most important definitions, formulas, equations, methods, theorems, and laws. Numerous examples throughout and references at the end of each chapter provide readers with a better understanding of the topics and methods. Additional issues of interest can be found in the remarks. For ease of reading, the supplement at the back of the book provides several long mathematical tables, including indefinite and definite integrals, direct and inverse integral transforms, and exact solutions of differential equations.

Statistical Physics of Non-Thermal Phase Transitions

From Foundations to Applications

Author: Sergey G. Abaimov

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319124692

Category: Science

Page: 497

View: 8963

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This book addresses the application of methods used in statistical physics to complex systems—from simple phenomenological analogies to more complex aspects, such as correlations, fluctuation-dissipation theorem, the concept of free energy, renormalization group approach and scaling. Statistical physics contains a well-developed formalism that describes phase transitions. It is useful to apply this formalism for damage phenomena as well. Fractals, the Ising model, percolation, damage mechanics, fluctuations, free energy formalism, renormalization group, and scaling, are some of the topics covered in Statistical Physics of Phase Transitions.

Statistical Physics and Information Theory

Author: Neri Merhav

Publisher: Now Publishers Inc

ISBN: 1601984065

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 214

View: 358

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Statistical Physics and Information Theory is a succinct in-depth review and tutorial of a subject that promises to lead to major advances in computer and communication security

Grundkurs Theoretische Physik 3

Elektrodynamik

Author: Wolfgang Nolting

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3540350764

Category: Science

Page: 501

View: 6635

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Der beliebte Grundkurs Theoretische Physik deckt in sieben Bänden alle für das Diplom maßgeblichen Gebiete ab. Jeder Band vermittelt gut durchdacht das im jeweiligen Semester nötige theoretische-physikalische Rüstzeug. Zahlreiche Übungsaufgaben mit ausführlichen Lösungen dienen der Vertiefung des Stoffes.

Classical Electromagnetism in a Nutshell

Author: Anupam Garg

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400842751

Category: Science

Page: 712

View: 8360

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This graduate-level physics textbook provides a comprehensive treatment of the basic principles and phenomena of classical electromagnetism. While many electromagnetism texts use the subject to teach mathematical methods of physics, here the emphasis is on the physical ideas themselves. Anupam Garg distinguishes between electromagnetism in vacuum and that in material media, stressing that the core physical questions are different for each. In vacuum, the focus is on the fundamental content of electromagnetic laws, symmetries, conservation laws, and the implications for phenomena such as radiation and light. In material media, the focus is on understanding the response of the media to imposed fields, the attendant constitutive relations, and the phenomena encountered in different types of media such as dielectrics, ferromagnets, and conductors. The text includes applications to many topical subjects, such as magnetic levitation, plasmas, laser beams, and synchrotrons. Classical Electromagnetism in a Nutshell is ideal for a yearlong graduate course and features more than 300 problems, with solutions to many of the advanced ones. Key formulas are given in both SI and Gaussian units; the book includes a discussion of how to convert between them, making it accessible to adherents of both systems. Offers a complete treatment of classical electromagnetism Emphasizes physical ideas Separates the treatment of electromagnetism in vacuum and material media Presents key formulas in both SI and Gaussian units Covers applications to other areas of physics Includes more than 300 problems

Grundkurs Theoretische Physik

Author: Albrecht Lindner

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3663059219

Category: Science

Page: 616

View: 960

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Es ist ganz gut, viel zu lesen, wenn nur nicht unser Gefühl darüber stumpf würde und über der großen Begierde, immer ohne eigene Untersuchung mehr zu wissen, endlich in uns der Prüfungsgeist erstürbe. Georg Christoph Lichtenberg: Einfälle und Bemerkungen I 128. Der übliche Kurs in theoretischer Physik führt mit der Mechanik in die Physik von Teilchen ein, mit der Elektrodynamik in die Physik von Feldern, mit der Quantenmechanik (I) in die Quantenphysik und mit der Thermo dynamik und Statistik in die statistische Physik. Neben diese für alle ange henden Physiker vorgeschriebenen Vorlesungen tritt als übliche Ergänzung für stärker in die Theorie Eindringende die Quantenmechanik II, wo Streu probleme, die Quantelung der Felder und als Beispiel für die relativistische Quantenmechanik die Diractheorie behandelt werden. Das vorliegende Buch faßt den Stoff dieser Vorlesungen zusammen und ver sucht, den Zusammenhang zwischen den Teilgebieten zu stärken. In einem Vorspann habe ich außerdem wichtige Teile aus den sogenannten Mathema tischen Ergänzungen zur Physik dargestellt, die auch im üblichen Studium vor den Theorievorlesungen angeordnet sind und in verschiedenen Zwei gen der Physik immer wieder gebraucht werden. Besser sollte man diese Ergänzungen als Mathematische Grundlagen für unsere Erfahrungswissen schaft einstufen, geht es doch um eine möglichst genaue Beschreibung der beobachteten Erscheinungen.

Einführung in Statistik und Messwertanalyse für Physiker

Monographie

Author: G. Bohm,G. Zech

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783540257592

Category:

Page: 400

View: 7874

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Die Einf]hrung in die Statistik und Messwertanalyse f]r Physiker richtet sich weniger an mathematischen \berlegungen aus, sondern stellt die praktische Anwendung in den Vordergrund und schdrft die Intuition experimentelle Ergebnisse richtig einzuschdtzen. Zahlreiche ausf]hrlich betrachtete Beispiele dienen dazu, hdufig bei der Datenanalyse gemachte Fehler zu vermeiden (unsinnige Anwendung des Chi-Quadrattests, Funktionenanpassung bei falscher Parametrisierung, Entfaltung mit willk]rlicher Regularisierung). Ein besonderes Augenmerk wird auf den Vergleich von Daten mit Monte-Carlo-Simulationen gelenkt. Moderne Experimente kommen nicht ohne Simulation aus. Deshalb ist es wichtig zu wissen, wie Parameteranpassungen und Entfaltungen in diesem Fall durchgef]rt werden. Au_erdem werden den Studierenden moderne Entwicklungen der Statistik nahegebracht, die in dlteren Lehrb]chern nicht behandelt werden.

Handbook of Crystal Growth

Fundamentals

Author: Tatau Nishinaga

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0444593764

Category: Science

Page: 1214

View: 7141

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Volume IA Handbook of Crystal Growth, 2nd Edition (Fundamentals: Thermodynamics and Kinetics) Volume IA addresses the present status of crystal growth science, and provides scientific tools for the following volumes: Volume II (Bulk Crystal Growth) and III (Thin Film Growth and Epitaxy). Volume IA highlights thermodynamics and kinetics. After historical introduction of the crystal growth, phase equilibria, defect thermodynamics, stoichiometry, and shape of crystal and structure of melt are described. Then, the most fundamental and basic aspects of crystal growth are presented, along with the theories of nucleation and growth kinetics. In addition, the simulations of crystal growth by Monte Carlo, ab initio-based approach and colloidal assembly are thoroughly investigated. Volume IB Handbook of Crystal Growth, 2nd Edition (Fundamentals: Transport and Stability) Volume IB discusses pattern formation, a typical problem in crystal growth. In addition, an introduction to morphological stability is given and the phase-field model is explained with comparison to experiments. The field of nanocrystal growth is rapidly expanding and here the growth from vapor is presented as an example. For the advancement of life science, the crystal growth of protein and other biological molecules is indispensable and biological crystallization in nature gives many hints for their crystal growth. Another subject discussed is pharmaceutical crystal growth. To understand the crystal growth, in situ observation is extremely powerful. The observation techniques are demonstrated. Volume IA Explores phase equilibria, defect thermodynamics of Si, stoichiometry of oxides and atomistic structure of melt and alloys Explains basic ideas to understand crystal growth, equilibrium shape of crystal, rough-smooth transition of step and surface, nucleation and growth mechanisms Focuses on simulation of crystal growth by classical Monte Carlo, ab-initio based quantum mechanical approach, kinetic Monte Carlo and phase field model. Controlled colloidal assembly is presented as an experimental model for crystal growth. Volume IIB Describes morphological stability theory and phase-field model and comparison to experiments of dendritic growth Presents nanocrystal growth in vapor as well as protein crystal growth and biological crystallization Interprets mass production of pharmaceutical crystals to be understood as ordinary crystal growth and explains crystallization of chiral molecules Demonstrates in situ observation of crystal growth in vapor, solution and melt on the ground and in space