Statistics for Long-Memory Processes

Author: Jan Beran

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351414100

Category: Mathematics

Page: 315

View: 9621

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Statistical Methods for Long Term Memory Processes covers the diverse statistical methods and applications for data with long-range dependence. Presenting material that previously appeared only in journals, the author provides a concise and effective overview of probabilistic foundations, statistical methods, and applications. The material emphasizes basic principles and practical applications and provides an integrated perspective of both theory and practice. This book explores data sets from a wide range of disciplines, such as hydrology, climatology, telecommunications engineering, and high-precision physical measurement. The data sets are conveniently compiled in the index, and this allows readers to view statistical approaches in a practical context. Statistical Methods for Long Term Memory Processes also supplies S-PLUS programs for the major methods discussed. This feature allows the practitioner to apply long memory processes in daily data analysis. For newcomers to the area, the first three chapters provide the basic knowledge necessary for understanding the remainder of the material. To promote selective reading, the author presents the chapters independently. Combining essential methodologies with real-life applications, this outstanding volume is and indispensable reference for statisticians and scientists who analyze data with long-range dependence.

Long-Memory Processes

Probabilistic Properties and Statistical Methods

Author: Jan Beran,Yuanhua Feng,Sucharita Ghosh,Rafal Kulik

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642355129

Category: Mathematics

Page: 884

View: 697

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Long-memory processes are known to play an important part in many areas of science and technology, including physics, geophysics, hydrology, telecommunications, economics, finance, climatology, and network engineering. In the last 20 years enormous progress has been made in understanding the probabilistic foundations and statistical principles of such processes. This book provides a timely and comprehensive review, including a thorough discussion of mathematical and probabilistic foundations and statistical methods, emphasizing their practical motivation and mathematical justification. Proofs of the main theorems are provided and data examples illustrate practical aspects. This book will be a valuable resource for researchers and graduate students in statistics, mathematics, econometrics and other quantitative areas, as well as for practitioners and applied researchers who need to analyze data in which long memory, power laws, self-similar scaling or fractal properties are relevant.

Large Sample Inference for Long Memory Processes

Author: Liudas Giraitis,Hira L Koul,Donatas Surgailis

Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company

ISBN: 1911299387

Category: Mathematics

Page: 596

View: 1972

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Box and Jenkins (1970) made the idea of obtaining a stationary time series by differencing the given, possibly nonstationary, time series popular. Numerous time series in economics are found to have this property. Subsequently, Granger and Joyeux (1980) and Hosking (1981) found examples of time series whose fractional difference becomes a short memory process, in particular, a white noise, while the initial series has unbounded spectral density at the origin, i.e. exhibits long memory. Further examples of data following long memory were found in hydrology and in network traffic data while in finance the phenomenon of strong dependence was established by dramatic empirical success of long memory processes in modeling the volatility of the asset prices and power transforms of stock market returns. At present there is a need for a text from where an interested reader can methodically learn about some basic asymptotic theory and techniques found useful in the analysis of statistical inference procedures for long memory processes. This text makes an attempt in this direction. The authors provide in a concise style a text at the graduate level summarizing theoretical developments both for short and long memory processes and their applications to statistics. The book also contains some real data applications and mentions some unsolved inference problems for interested researchers in the field. Sample Chapter(s) Chapter 1: Introduction (152 KB) Chapter 3: Long Memory Processes (253 KB) Chapter 7: Parametric Models (635 KB) Request Inspection Copy Contents:IntroductionSome PreliminariesLong Memory ProcessesLimit Theory for SumsProperties of the DFT and the PeriodogramAsymptotic Theory for Quadratic FormsParametric ModelsEstimationElementary Inference ProblemsEmpirical ProcessesRegression ModelsNon-parametric RegressionModel DiagnosticsAppendix Readership: Students and professionals in statistics, econometrics and finance.

Long-Memory Time Series

Theory and Methods

Author: Wilfredo Palma

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470131454

Category: Mathematics

Page: 304

View: 9286

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A self-contained, contemporary treatment of the analysis of long-range dependent data Long-Memory Time Series: Theory and Methods provides an overview of the theory and methods developed to deal with long-range dependent data and describes the applications of these methodologies to real-life time series. Systematically organized, it begins with the foundational essentials, proceeds to the analysis of methodological aspects (Estimation Methods, Asymptotic Theory, Heteroskedastic Models, Transformations, Bayesian Methods, and Prediction), and then extends these techniques to more complex data structures. To facilitate understanding, the book: Assumes a basic knowledge of calculus and linear algebra and explains the more advanced statistical and mathematical concepts Features numerous examples that accelerate understanding and illustrate various consequences of the theoretical results Proves all theoretical results (theorems, lemmas, corollaries, etc.) or refers readers to resources with further demonstration Includes detailed analyses of computational aspects related to the implementation of the methodologies described, including algorithm efficiency, arithmetic complexity, CPU times, and more Includes proposed problems at the end of each chapter to help readers solidify their understanding and practice their skills A valuable real-world reference for researchers and practitioners in time series analysis, economerics, finance, and related fields, this book is also excellent for a beginning graduate-level course in long-memory processes or as a supplemental textbook for those studying advanced statistics, mathematics, economics, finance, engineering, or physics. A companion Web site is available for readers to access the S-Plus and R data sets used within the text.

Long-Range Dependence and Self-Similarity

Author: Vladas Pipiras,Murad S. Taqqu

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107039460

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 382

View: 1407

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A modern and rigorous introduction to long-range dependence and self-similarity, complemented by numerous more specialized up-to-date topics in this research area.

Asymptotic Theory of Statistical Inference for Time Series

Author: Masanobu Taniguchi,Yoshihide Kakizawa

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 146121162X

Category: Mathematics

Page: 662

View: 9587

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The primary aim of this book is to provide modern statistical techniques and theory for stochastic processes. The stochastic processes mentioned here are not restricted to the usual AR, MA, and ARMA processes. A wide variety of stochastic processes, including non-Gaussian linear processes, long-memory processes, nonlinear processes, non-ergodic processes and diffusion processes are described. The authors discuss estimation and testing theory and many other relevant statistical methods and techniques.

Climate Time Series Analysis

Classical Statistical and Bootstrap Methods

Author: Manfred Mudelsee

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789048194827

Category: Science

Page: 474

View: 8024

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Climate is a paradigm of a complex system. Analysing climate data is an exciting challenge, which is increased by non-normal distributional shape, serial dependence, uneven spacing and timescale uncertainties. This book presents bootstrap resampling as a computing-intensive method able to meet the challenge. It shows the bootstrap to perform reliably in the most important statistical estimation techniques: regression, spectral analysis, extreme values and correlation. This book is written for climatologists and applied statisticians. It explains step by step the bootstrap algorithms (including novel adaptions) and methods for confidence interval construction. It tests the accuracy of the algorithms by means of Monte Carlo experiments. It analyses a large array of climate time series, giving a detailed account on the data and the associated climatological questions. This makes the book self-contained for graduate students and researchers.

Statistical Inference for Spatial Processes

Author: B. D. Ripley

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521424202

Category: Mathematics

Page: 148

View: 2432

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The study of spatial processes and their applications is an important topic in statistics and finds wide application particularly in computer vision and image processing. This book is devoted to statistical inference in spatial statistics and is intended for specialists needing an introduction to the subject and to its applications. One of the themes of the book is the demonstration of how these techniques give new insights into classical procedures (including new examples in likelihood theory) and newer statistical paradigms such as Monte-Carlo inference and pseudo-likelihood. Professor Ripley also stresses the importance of edge effects and of lack of a unique asymptotic setting in spatial problems. Throughout, the author discusses the foundational issues posed and the difficulties, both computational and philosophical, which arise. The final chapters consider image restoration and segmentation methods and the averaging and summarising of images. Thus, the book will find wide appeal to researchers in computer vision, image processing, and those applying microscopy in biology, geology and materials science, as well as to statisticians interested in the foundations of their discipline.

Empirical Process Techniques for Dependent Data

Author: Herold Dehling,Thomas Mikosch,Michael Sörensen

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461200997

Category: Mathematics

Page: 383

View: 9633

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Empirical process techniques for independent data have been used for many years in statistics and probability theory. These techniques have proved very useful for studying asymptotic properties of parametric as well as non-parametric statistical procedures. Recently, the need to model the dependence structure in data sets from many different subject areas such as finance, insurance, and telecommunications has led to new developments concerning the empirical distribution function and the empirical process for dependent, mostly stationary sequences. This work gives an introduction to this new theory of empirical process techniques, which has so far been scattered in the statistical and probabilistic literature, and surveys the most recent developments in various related fields. Key features: A thorough and comprehensive introduction to the existing theory of empirical process techniques for dependent data * Accessible surveys by leading experts of the most recent developments in various related fields * Examines empirical process techniques for dependent data, useful for studying parametric and non-parametric statistical procedures * Comprehensive bibliographies * An overview of applications in various fields related to empirical processes: e.g., spectral analysis of time-series, the bootstrap for stationary sequences, extreme value theory, and the empirical process for mixing dependent observations, including the case of strong dependence. To date this book is the only comprehensive treatment of the topic in book literature. It is an ideal introductory text that will serve as a reference or resource for classroom use in the areas of statistics, time-series analysis, extreme value theory, point process theory, and applied probability theory. Contributors: P. Ango Nze, M.A. Arcones, I. Berkes, R. Dahlhaus, J. Dedecker, H.G. Dehling,

Theory and Applications of Long-Range Dependence

Author: Paul Doukhan,George Oppenheim,Murad S. Taqqu

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780817641689

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 719

View: 2773

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Time series research has been an area of considerable research activity over the past several decades. The essential ingredient --- the notion of time-dependence --- is required for measuring and then accurately predicting data to construct suitable models for diverse phenomena. This fairly self-contained volume, written by leading experts in their respective fields, especially focuses on the theoretical concepts, methodologies, and practical applications pertaining to self-similar processes and long-range dependent phenomena. Graduate students, researchers, and professionals in industry will benefit from the book.

Multifractals

Theory and Applications

Author: David Harte

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1420036009

Category: Mathematics

Page: 264

View: 2051

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Although multifractals are rooted in probability, much of the related literature comes from the physics and mathematics arena. Multifractals: Theory and Applications pulls together ideas from both these areas using a language that makes them accessible and useful to statistical scientists. It provides a framework, in particular, for the evaluation of statistical properties of estimates of the Renyi fractal dimensions. The first section provides introductory material and different definitions of a multifractal measure. The author then examines some of the various constructions for describing multifractal measures. Building from the theory of large deviations, he focuses on constructions based on lattice coverings, covering by point-centered spheres, and cascades processes. The final section presents estimators of Renyi dimensions of integer order two and greater and discusses their properties. It also explores various applications of dimension estimation and provides a detailed case study of spatial point patterns of earthquake locations. Estimating fractal dimensions holds particular value in studies of nonlinear dynamical systems, time series, and spatial point patterns. With its careful yet practical blend of multifractals, estimation methods, and case studies, Multifractals: Theory and Applications provides a unique opportunity to explore the estimation methods from a statistical perspective.

Theory and Statistical Applications of Stochastic Processes

Author: Yuliya Mishura,Georgiy Shevchenko

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1786300508

Category: Mathematics

Page: 400

View: 3806

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This book is concerned with the theory of stochastic processes and the theoretical aspects of statistics for stochastic processes. It combines classic topics such as construction of stochastic processes, associated filtrations, processes with independent increments, Gaussian processes, martingales, Markov properties, continuity and related properties of trajectories with contemporary subjects: integration with respect to Gaussian processes, Itȏ integration, stochastic analysis, stochastic differential equations, fractional Brownian motion and parameter estimation in diffusion models.

Discrete Time Series, Processes, and Applications in Finance

Author: Gilles Zumbach

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642317421

Category: Mathematics

Page: 322

View: 9152

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Most financial and investment decisions are based on considerations of possible future changes and require forecasts on the evolution of the financial world. Time series and processes are the natural tools for describing the dynamic behavior of financial data, leading to the required forecasts. This book presents a survey of the empirical properties of financial time series, their descriptions by means of mathematical processes, and some implications for important financial applications used in many areas like risk evaluation, option pricing or portfolio construction. The statistical tools used to extract information from raw data are introduced. Extensive multiscale empirical statistics provide a solid benchmark of stylized facts (heteroskedasticity, long memory, fat-tails, leverage...), in order to assess various mathematical structures that can capture the observed regularities. The author introduces a broad range of processes and evaluates them systematically against the benchmark, summarizing the successes and limitations of these models from an empirical point of view. The outcome is that only multiscale ARCH processes with long memory, discrete multiplicative structures and non-normal innovations are able to capture correctly the empirical properties. In particular, only a discrete time series framework allows to capture all the stylized facts in a process, whereas the stochastic calculus used in the continuum limit is too constraining. The present volume offers various applications and extensions for this class of processes including high-frequency volatility estimators, market risk evaluation, covariance estimation and multivariate extensions of the processes. The book discusses many practical implications and is addressed to practitioners and quants in the financial industry, as well as to academics, including graduate (Master or PhD level) students. The prerequisites are basic statistics and some elementary financial mathematics.

Advances in Quantitative Asset Management

Author: Christian Dunis

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780792377788

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 342

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Advances in Quantitative Asset Management contains selected articles which, for the most part, were presented at the `Forecasting Financial Markets' Conference. `Forecasting Financial Markets' is an international conference on quantitative finance which is held in London in May every year. Since its inception in 1994, the conference has grown in scope and stature to become a key international meeting point for those interested in quantitative finance, with the participation of prestigious academic and research institutions from all over the world, including major central banks and quantitative fund managers. The editor has chosen to concentrate on advances in quantitative asset management and, accordingly, the papers in this book are organized around two major themes: advances in asset allocation and portfolio management, and modelling risk, return and correlation.

The Shallows: What the Internet Is Doing to Our Brains

Author: Nicholas Carr

Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company

ISBN: 9780393079364

Category: Science

Page: 256

View: 8074

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Finalist for the 2011 Pulitzer Prize in General Nonfiction: “Nicholas Carr has written a Silent Spring for the literary mind.”—Michael Agger, Slate “Is Google making us stupid?” When Nicholas Carr posed that question, in a celebrated Atlantic Monthly cover story, he tapped into a well of anxiety about how the Internet is changing us. He also crystallized one of the most important debates of our time: As we enjoy the Net’s bounties, are we sacrificing our ability to read and think deeply? Now, Carr expands his argument into the most compelling exploration of the Internet’s intellectual and cultural consequences yet published. As he describes how human thought has been shaped through the centuries by “tools of the mind”—from the alphabet to maps, to the printing press, the clock, and the computer—Carr interweaves a fascinating account of recent discoveries in neuroscience by such pioneers as Michael Merzenich and Eric Kandel. Our brains, the historical and scientific evidence reveals, change in response to our experiences. The technologies we use to find, store, and share information can literally reroute our neural pathways. Building on the insights of thinkers from Plato to McLuhan, Carr makes a convincing case that every information technology carries an intellectual ethic—a set of assumptions about the nature of knowledge and intelligence. He explains how the printed book served to focus our attention, promoting deep and creative thought. In stark contrast, the Internet encourages the rapid, distracted sampling of small bits of information from many sources. Its ethic is that of the industrialist, an ethic of speed and efficiency, of optimized production and consumption—and now the Net is remaking us in its own image. We are becoming ever more adept at scanning and skimming, but what we are losing is our capacity for concentration, contemplation, and reflection. Part intellectual history, part popular science, and part cultural criticism, The Shallows sparkles with memorable vignettes—Friedrich Nietzsche wrestling with a typewriter, Sigmund Freud dissecting the brains of sea creatures, Nathaniel Hawthorne contemplating the thunderous approach of a steam locomotive—even as it plumbs profound questions about the state of our modern psyche. This is a book that will forever alter the way we think about media and our minds.

Athens Conference on Applied Probability and Time Series Analysis

Volume II: Time Series Analysis In Memory of E.J. Hannan

Author: P.M. Robinson,Murray Rosenblatt

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461224128

Category: Mathematics

Page: 432

View: 5133

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The Athens Conference on Applied Probability and Time Series in 1995 brought together researchers from across the world. The published papers appear in two volumes. Volume II presents papers on time series analysis, many of which were contributed to a meeting in March 1995 partly in honour of E.J. Hannan. The initial paper by P.M. Robinson discusses Ted Hannan's researches and their influence on current work in time series analysis. Other papers discuss methods for finite parameter Gaussian models, time series with infinite variance or stable marginal distribution, frequency domain methods, long range dependent processes, nonstationary processes, and nonlinear time series. The methods presented can be applied in a number of fields such as statistics, applied mathematics, engineering, economics and ecology. The papers include many of the topics of current interest in time series analysis and will be of interest to a wide range of researchers.

Financial Statistics and Mathematical Finance

Methods, Models and Applications

Author: Ansgar Steland

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118316568

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 400

View: 8958

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Mathematical finance has grown into a huge area of research which requires a lot of care and a large number of sophisticated mathematical tools. Mathematically rigorous and yet accessible to advanced level practitioners and mathematicians alike, it considers various aspects of the application of statistical methods in finance and illustrates some of the many ways that statistical tools are used in financial applications. Financial Statistics and Mathematical Finance: Provides an introduction to the basics of financial statistics and mathematical finance. Explains the use and importance of statistical methods in econometrics and financial engineering. Illustrates the importance of derivatives and calculus to aid understanding in methods and results. Looks at advanced topics such as martingale theory, stochastic processes and stochastic integration. Features examples throughout to illustrate applications in mathematical and statistical finance. Is supported by an accompanying website featuring R code and data sets. Financial Statistics and Mathematical Finance introduces the financial methodology and the relevant mathematical tools in a style that is both mathematically rigorous and yet accessible to advanced level practitioners and mathematicians alike, both graduate students and researchers in statistics, finance, econometrics and business administration will benefit from this book.

Weak Dependence: With Examples and Applications

Author: Jérome Dedecker,Paul Doukhan,Gabriel Lang,José Rafael Leon,Sana Louhichi,Clémentine Prieur

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 038769952X

Category: Mathematics

Page: 322

View: 5857

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This book develops Doukhan/Louhichi's 1999 idea to measure asymptotic independence of a random process. The authors, who helped develop this theory, propose examples of models fitting such conditions: stable Markov chains, dynamical systems or more complicated models, nonlinear, non-Markovian, and heteroskedastic models with infinite memory. Applications are still needed to develop a method of analysis for nonlinear times series, and this book provides a strong basis for additional studies.