Stem Cells: A Very Short Introduction

Author: Jonathan Slack

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199603383

Category: Medical

Page: 130

View: 4731

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There is much public interest in stem cells, but also much confusion and misinformation. Developmental biologist Jonathan Slack explains the biology behind stem cells - what they are what scientists do with them, what stem cell therapies are available today, and what can be expected to happen in the future.

Developmental Biology: A Very Short Introduction

Author: Lewis Wolpert

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199601194

Category: Science

Page: 132

View: 6596

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"A concise account of what we know about development discusses the first vital steps of growth and explores one of the liveliest areas of scientific research."--P. [2] of cover.

Genes

A Very Short Introduction

Author: Jonathan Slack

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 019967650X

Category: Science

Page: 120

View: 2413

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Explores the discovery, nature, and role of genes in evolution and development.

Blood

A Very Short Introduction

Author: Christopher Cooper

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199581452

Category: Science

Page: 147

View: 7470

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Le rabat de la couverture indique : Blood is a vital fluid with a profound cultural and historical significance. Long considered the essence of life, blood pumps through our language and religion, and is a major diagnostic tool in the doctor's armoury. This Very Short Introduction explores early views of blood, our modern understanding of its nature and components, and future possibilities, such as artificial blood. Chris Cooper gets to the heart of this fascinating topic, covering the basic biology of blood, and the role of blood transfusions, blood tests, and the treatment of blood-borne diseases in modern medicine.

Risk: A Very Short Introduction

Author: Baruch Fischhoff,John Kadvany

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199576203

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 162

View: 9902

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Risks are everywhere. They come from many sources, including crime, diseases, accidents, terror, climate change, finance, and intimacy. They arise from our own acts and they are imposed on us. In this Very Short Introduction Fischhoff and Kadvany draw on both the sciences and humanities to show what all risks have in common. Do we care about losing money, health, reputation, or peace of mind? How much do we care about things happening now or in the future? To ourselves or to others? All risks require thinking hard about what matters to us before we make decisions about them based on past experience, scientific knowledge, and future uncertainties. Using conceptual frameworks such as decision theory and behavioural decision research, we examine the science and practice of creating measures of risk and look at how scientists apply probability by combining historical records, scientific theories, and expert judgement. Showing what science has learned about how people deal with risks, and applying these to diverse everyday examples, the authors demonstrate how we move from understanding a risk to making a choice in everyday life.

Using the Biological Literature

A Practical Guide, Fourth Edition

Author: Diane Schmidt

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 146655858X

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 412

View: 8634

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The biological sciences cover a broad array of literature types, from younger fields like molecular biology with its reliance on recent journal articles, genomic databases, and protocol manuals to classic fields such as taxonomy with its scattered literature found in monographs and journals from the past three centuries. Using the Biological Literature: A Practical Guide, Fourth Edition is an annotated guide to selected resources in the biological sciences, presenting a wide-ranging list of important sources. This completely revised edition contains numerous new resources and descriptions of all entries including textbooks. The guide emphasizes current materials in the English language and includes retrospective references for historical perspective and to provide access to the taxonomic literature. It covers both print and electronic resources including monographs, journals, databases, indexes and abstracting tools, websites, and associations—providing users with listings of authoritative informational resources of both classical and recently published works. With chapters devoted to each of the main fields in the basic biological sciences, this book offers a guide to the best and most up-to-date resources in biology. It is appropriate for anyone interested in searching the biological literature, from undergraduate students to faculty, researchers, and librarians. The guide includes a supplementary website dedicated to keeping URLs of electronic and web-based resources up to date, a popular feature continued from the third edition.

The Trojan War: A Very Short Introduction

Author: Eric H. Cline

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199333823

Category: History

Page: 152

View: 4877

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The Iliad, Homer's epic tale of the abduction of Helen and the decade-long Trojan War, has fascinated mankind for millennia. Even today, the war inspires countless articles and books, extensive archaeological excavations, movies, television documentaries, even souvenirs and collectibles. But while the ancients themselves believed that the Trojan War took place, scholars of the modern era have sometimes derided it as a piece of fiction. Combining archaeological data and textual analysis of ancient documents, this Very Short Introduction considers whether or not the war actually took place and whether archaeologists have really discovered the site of ancient Troy. To answer these questions, archaeologist and ancient historian Eric H. Cline examines various written sources, including the works of Homer, the Epic Cycle (fragments from other, now-lost Greek epics), classical plays, and Virgil's Aeneid. Throughout, the author tests the literary claims against the best modern archaeological evidence, showing for instance that Homer, who lived in the Iron Age, for the most part depicted Bronze Age warfare with accuracy. Cline also tells the engaging story of the archaeologists--Heinrich Schliemann and his successors Wilhelm Dörpfeld, Carl Blegen, and Manfred Korfmann--who found the long-vanished site of Troy through excavations at Hisarlik, Turkey. Drawing on evidence found at Hisarlik and elsewhere, Cline concludes that a war or wars in the vicinity of Troy probably did take place during the Late Bronze Age, forming the nucleus of a story that was handed down orally for centuries until put into final form by Homer. But Cline suggests that, even allowing that a Trojan War took place, it probably was not fought because of Helen's abduction, though such an incident may have provided the justification for a war actually fought for more compelling economic and political motives. About the Series: Oxford's Very Short Introductions series offers concise and original introductions to a wide range of subjects--from Islam to Sociology, Politics to Classics, Literary Theory to History, and Archaeology to the Bible. Not simply a textbook of definitions, each volume in this series provides trenchant and provocative--yet always balanced and complete--discussions of the central issues in a given discipline or field. Every Very Short Introduction gives a readable evolution of the subject in question, demonstrating how the subject has developed and how it has influenced society. Eventually, the series will encompass every major academic discipline, offering all students an accessible and abundant reference library. Whatever the area of study that one deems important or appealing, whatever the topic that fascinates the general reader, the Very Short Introductions series has a handy and affordable guide that will likely prove indispensable.

Schnitt!

Die ganze Geschichte der Chirurgie erzählt in 28 Operationen

Author: Arnold van de Laar

Publisher: Pattloch eBook

ISBN: 3629320910

Category: Medical

Page: 432

View: 9154

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Von den dunklen Anfangszeiten der Chirurgie, als noch ohne Betäubung amputiert wurde, über königliche Operationen bis zu den heutigen High-Tech-OPs – der Chirurg Arnold van de Laar beschreibt in seinem Buch so packend wie allgemeinverständlich die Geschichte der Chirurgie. Ohne Fachbegriffe zu scheuen, aber doch leicht lesbar und gespickt mit zahlreichen interessanten Details gibt van de Laar einen spannenden Einblick in sein Fach. In 28 Kapiteln erzählt er anhand berühmter Operationen, was genau im Operationsaal geschieht. Eingehend widmet er sich Erkrankungen und Verletzungen bekannter Persönlichkeiten wie Bob Marley, Kaiserin Sissi, Lenin, Königin Victoria, Einstein und Präsident Kennedy. „Schnitt“ ist eine faszinierender Reise durch die Königsdisziplin der Medizin, fesselnd erzählt von einer Koryphäe auf dem Gebiet der Chirurgie.

Plants: A Very Short Introduction

Author: Timothy Walker

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199584060

Category: Science

Page: 129

View: 5304

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Plants are a fundamental part of the biosphere and their evolution has directly affected animal life, and the Earth's climate. This Very Short Introduction provides a concise account of the nature of plants, their variety, their evolution, and their importance and uses, stressing the importance of conservation for the future.

Dreaming

A Very Short Introduction

Author: J. Allan Hobson

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0192802151

Category: Medical

Page: 153

View: 7529

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In this fascinating book, Harvard researcher Hobson offers an intriguing look at the nightly odyssey through the illusory world of dreams. Hobson describes how the theory of dreaming has advanced dramatically over the past 50 years, sparked by the use of EEGs in the 1950s and by recent innovations in brain imaging. 20 illustrations.

Buddhist Ethics: A Very Short Introduction

Author: Damien Keown

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 019280457X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 147

View: 1326

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The latter half of the twentieth century witnessed a growing interest in Buddhism, and it continues to capture the imagination of many in the West who see it as either an alternative or a supplement to their own religious beliefs. For complex cultural and historical reasons, ethics has not received as much attention in traditional Buddhist thought as it has in the West, and publications on the subject are few and far between. Here, Damien Keown, author of Buddhism: A Very Short Introduction, illustrates how Buddhism might approach a range of fascinating moral issues ranging from abortion and suicide to cloning.

Gedächtnis und Gehirn

Reclam Sachbuch

Author: Jonathan K. Foster

Publisher: Reclam Verlag

ISBN: 3159606287

Category: Psychology

Page: 192

View: 5697

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Warum machen unsere Erinnerungen einen so wichtigen Teil unserer Persönlichkeit aus? Gibt es nur ein Gedächtnis quasi als Ganzes - oder handelt es sich um mehrere? Verändert sich unsere Fähigkeit zu erinnern im Alter? Was gibt es für Ansätze, unsere Erinnerungsfähigkeit zu stärken? Und was kann mit der Erinnerung schiefgehen - etwa bei Demenz, Hirnverletzungen, déja-vu-Erfahrungen? Der kleine Band erklärt kompakt und verständlich, was eigentlich im Gehirn passiert, wenn wir uns erinnern.

Der lange Weg zur Freiheit

Autobiographie

Author: Nelson Mandela

Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag

ISBN: 3104031541

Category: History

Page: 864

View: 3698

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»Ich bin einer von ungezählten Millionen, die durch Nelson Mandelas Leben inspiriert wurden.« Barack Obama Eine fast drei Jahrzehnte währende Gefängnishaft ließ Nelson Mandela zum Mythos der schwarzen Befreiungsbewegung werden. Kaum ein anderer Politiker unserer Zeit symbolisiert heute in solchem Maße die Friedenshoffnungen der Menschheit und den Gedanken der Aussöhnung aller Rassen wie der ehemalige südafrikanische Präsident und Friedensnobelpreisträger. Auch nach seinem Tod finden seine ungebrochene Charakterstärke und Menschenfreundlichkeit die Bewunderung aller friedenswilligen Menschen auf der Welt. Mandelas Lebensgeschichte ist über die politische Bedeutung hinaus ein spannend zu lesendes, kenntnis- und faktenreiches Dokument menschlicher Entwicklung unter Bedingungen und Fährnissen, vor denen die meisten Menschen innerlich wie äußerlich kapituliert haben dürften.

Evolution

eine Einführung

Author: Brian Charlesworth,Deborah Charlesworth

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783150187050

Category:

Page: 211

View: 6792

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Evolution auf den Punkt gebracht. Eine kurze Einführung in die Prinzipien und Fragen der Entstehung und Entwicklung des Lebens auf unserem Planeten.

50 Schlüsselideen Literatur

Author: John Sutherland

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3827429005

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 208

View: 3424

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50 Schlüsselideen Literatur ist eine grundlegende Einführung in alle wichtigen Formen, Begriffe, Themen und Strömungen der Literatur. Der erfolgreiche Autor und Literaturkritiker John Sutherland stellt Literaturkonzepte und -theorien auf frische und zugleich anspruchsvolle Weise vor – von scheinbar vertrautem Terrain bis hin zu unbekannten Gefilden. Randvoll mit klugen Einblicken und Zitaten aus klassischen wie aus populären Werken, zieht dieses Buch alle in seinen Bann, die jemals fragend vor dem Fachjargon der Literaturkritik standen und die das Lesen und Schreiben auf eine tiefere und bewusstere Weise genießen möchten.