Stress and Animal Welfare

Author: D.M. Broom,K.G. Johnson

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9402409807

Category: Science

Page: 211

View: 6359

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Stress and Animal Welfare provides students of animal biology with a fresh, integrated coverage of the concepts and scientific measurement of the welfare of animals. This book is the first to explain the basic biological principles of how animals actually cope with stress, and the major part of the work is devoted to explaining scientifically usable concepts in stress and welfare. A wide range of stress indicators are highlighted in detail with examples being drawn from man and other species. This information forms the basis for a synthesis of now ideas presented here for the first time. Among the issues covered are: •how physical systems are regulated by the body and brain; •limits to adaptation •assessing welfare for both short-term and long-term responses; •ethical problems and suggested solutionsProper assessment of animal welfare is essential so that informed decisions can be taken about what is morality acceptable in terms of practice and in the development of more effective legislation. This text encapsulates a very wide body of literature on scientific aspects of animal welfare, and will prove a valuable asset for students and teachers of animal biology.

The Biology of Animal Stress

Basic Principles and Implications for Animal Welfare

Author: Gary P. Moberg,Joy A. Mench

Publisher: CABI

ISBN: 9780851999302

Category: Animal welfare

Page: 377

View: 4251

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The subjects of stress and animal welfare are currently attracting immense interest. This book brings together a range of perspectives from biomedical research (including human health and animal models of human stress) on stress and welfare, and assesses new approaches to conceptualising and alleviating stress.

Domestic Animal Behaviour and Welfare, 5th Edition

Author: Donald M Broom,Andrew F Fraser

Publisher: CABI

ISBN: 1780645392

Category: Medical

Page: 472

View: 5664

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Humans have a natural interest in animals; through a long history of domestication, they have become tools, a food source and even friends. Behaviour is a significant indicator of animal health and well-being, and understanding this behaviour is therefore the key to good management. Covering all aspects of animal behaviour and how this relates to welfare for companion animals, farm animals and farmed fish, this book reviews development, socialisation, locomotion, reproduction and more. It takes a comprehensive approach to the subject, including a section of chapters addressing common abnormal behaviours and reviewing some animals, such as rabbits, from both a pet and farm perspective. Now in its fifth edition, Domestic Animal Behaviour and Welfare includes new chapters detailing the welfare of sheep, goats and exotic pets, and welfare in relation to genetic selection and modification. Animal behaviour and welfare sciences are now core topics for agriculture and veterinary students, with courses and research opportunities in this field growing world-wide. Fully updated and with new photographs, this indispensable textbook provides a student-friendly guide to the major themes of animal behaviour and welfare.

The Encyclopedia of Applied Animal Behaviour and Welfare

Author: D. S. Mills,Jeremy N. Marchant-Forde

Publisher: CABI

ISBN: 0851997244

Category: Science

Page: 685

View: 2199

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The practical focus of this authoritative, comprehensive encyclopedia promotes the understanding and improvement of animals' behaviour without compromising welfare. It will be an essential resource for practising veterinarians, researchers and students in zoology and ethology, and for all those working with and interested in animals and their welfare. --Book Jacket.

An Introduction to Animal Behaviour

Author: Aubrey Manning,Marian Stamp Dawkins

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521578912

Category: Science

Page: 450

View: 1040

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Using its powerful beak, a lorikeet gently preens its mate's feathers; young cheetahs rest together in the shade; fireflies semaphore to each other across a darkened landscape and a mongoose deftly bites its prey to death. The study of animal behavior is about all these things and more. It involves absolute stillness and violent activity, all the noises and smells and changes of color and shape that characterize animal life. Taking the organization of behavior within the individual animal as its core, this clear, concise and readable foray into the fascinating world of animal behavior investigates Tinbergen's questions of causation, evolution, development and function. It provides lucid accounts of all levels of behavior from the nerve cell to that of the population. The broad biological approach of this new, rewritten edition makes it an excellent choice for all students of animal behavior and psychology and their teachers.

Handbuch Tierethik

Grundlagen – Kontexte – Perspektiven

Author: Johann S. Ach,Dagmar Borchers

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3476054020

Category: Philosophy

Page: 363

View: 6577

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Das Handbuch führt ein in zentrale Begriffe, Konzeptionen, Themen- und Problemfelder der Tierethik. Neben der Geschichte der Tierethik, relevanten Konzepten und Theorien sowie einer Bandbreite unterschiedlicher Anwendungskontexte findet sich auch eine Darstellung der Tierphilosophie und ihrer wichtigsten Fragestellungen. Das Handbuch will darüber hinaus auch die sich in aktuellen Diskussionen und Kontroversen abzeichnenden Perspektiven der Tierethik umfassend vorstellen. Ziel des Handbuchs ist es, das breite Spektrum inhaltlicher und begrifflicher Aspekte der historischen und gegenwärtigen Tierethik zu reflektieren und einen Einblick in den aktuellen Diskussionsstand zu geben.

Sentience and Animal Welfare

Author: Donald M Broom

Publisher: CABI

ISBN: 1780644035

Category: Medical

Page: 200

View: 1462

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Sentience – the ability to feel, perceive and experience – is central to the animal welfare debate as it raises the question of whether animals experience suffering in life and death. This book explores and answers these questions in an objective way, based on the latest research and empirical evidence. Beginning with an introduction to sentience, the book investigates why we are so interested in sentience, when, as a species, humans became sentient and how it has changed over time. The book defines aspects of sentience such as consciousness, memory and emotions, and discusses brain complexity in detail. Looking at sentience from a developmental perspective, it analyses when in an individual’s growth sentience can be said to appear and uses evidence from a range of studies investigating embryos, foetuses and young animals to form an enlightening overview of the subject. With a full chapter covering ethical decisions such as animal protection and experimentation, this book is not only an invaluable resource for researchers and students of animal welfare and biology, but also an engaging and informative read for veterinarians and the general public. Sentience – the ability to feel, perceive and experience – is central to the animal welfare debate as it raises the question of whether animals experience suffering in life and death. This book explores and answers these questions in an objective way, based on the latest research and empirical evidence. Beginning with an introduction to sentience, the book investigates why we are so interested in sentience, when, as a species, humans became sentient and how it has changed over time. The book defines aspects of sentience such as consciousness, memory and emotions, and discusses brain complexity in detail. Looking at sentience from a developmental perspective, it analyses when in an individual’s growth sentience can be said to appear and uses evidence from a range of studies investigating embryos, foetuses and young animals to form an enlightening overview of the subject. With a full chapter covering ethical decisions such as animal protection and experimentation, this book is not only an invaluable resource for researchers and students of animal welfare and biology, but also an engaging and informative read for veterinarians and the general public.

Stress and Pheromonatherapy in Small Animal Clinical Behaviour

Author: Daniel S. Mills,Maya Braem Dube,Helen Zulch

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118458656

Category: Medical

Page: 296

View: 383

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Stress and Pheromonatherapy in Small Animal ClinicalBehaviour is about how stress impacts on animal behaviour andwelfare and what we can do about it, especially by using chemicalsignals more effectively. This readily accessible text starts fromfirst principles and is useful to both academics and practitionersalike. It offers a framework for understanding howpheromonatherapy can be used to encourage desirable behaviour indogs and cats and also a fresh approach to understanding the natureof clinical animal behaviour problems. The authors have pioneered the use of pheromone therapy withinthe field of clinical animal behaviour. As the culmination ofmany years of research and experience, they offer soundevidence-based advice on how and when pheromones can be used mosteffectively. The first part of the book deals with some fundamental concepts,focusing on the key concepts of stress, communication andperception. It then provides a framework for the evaluationof problem behaviour to allow consideration of the possible role ornot of pheromonatherapy. Part 2 covers the application ofthese concepts to a range of specific situations, concentrating onconditions in which there has been most research to support theefficacy of pheromonatherapy. Suitable for veterinarians in small animal practice, students ofclinical animal behaviour, veterinary nurses and technicians, aswell as specialists and researchers in animal behaviourtherapy.

Advances in Animal Welfare Science 1985

Author: M.W. Fox,Linda D. Mickley

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400942478

Category: Medical

Page: 304

View: 5826

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This second volume of papers dealing with scientific and ethical aspects of animal welfare covers a variety of topics and areas of inves tigation. It will be of particular interest to those readers seeking more insight into such subjects as farm animal welfare and humane husbandry systems; animal experimentation, especially in the field of psychology; and pain in animals, notably its recognition and alleviation. Several of our selections deal with very specific subjects that are germane to animal welfare: the use of T-61 for euthanizing cats and dogs, a new humane method of stunning for livestock and poultry, an innovative alternative to killing animals for rabies diagnosis, alterna tives to aversive procedures in teaching experimental psychology, and the need for improved theoretical modeling in animal experimentation and research design. Following the precedent set in the first volume of Advances in Animal Welfare Science, we have included several papers dealing with people's attitudes toward animals. These papers range from a consider ation of cultural influences and veterinary ethics to an examination of anthropomorphism, to a discussion of the linkage between the environ mental politics and perceptions of the Green Movement and animal welfare and rights. We wish to express our gratitude to the Manuscript Review Commit tee for the excellent work they have done and to the twenty contributors to this volume which we believe will do much to advance the science of animal welfare, and the well-being of animals under man's dominion.

Domestic Animal Behaviour and Welfare

Author: Donald M. Broom,Andrew Ferguson Fraser

Publisher: CABI

ISBN: 1845932870

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 438

View: 9813

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Behavior is a significant indicator of health in animals and understanding behavior is the key to good management. Animal behavior and animal welfare science are fast becoming core topics in the curricula of agriculture and veterinary students. The eagerly awaited fourth edition of Domestic Animal Behaviour and Welfare builds on the coverage of the previous edition Farm Animal Behaviour and Welfare fully updating it to take into account developments over the last 10 years. It is an indispensible textbook covering the major and growing areas in agricultural and veterinary science and practice.

Stereotypic Animal Behaviour

Fundamentals and Applications to Welfare

Author: Georgia Mason,Jeffrey Rushen

Publisher: CABI

ISBN: 0851990045

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 367

View: 1224

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Abnormal behavior patterns, from the jumping and somersaulting of caged laboratory mice to the pacing of enclosed 'big cats', are displayed by many millions of farm, zoo, research and companion animals. Including new chapters and over 30 contributors, this book focuses on the causation and treatment of these environment-induced stereotypic behaviors, and their implications for animal welfare and normalcy of brain functioning. The book begins by taking an ethological perspective, focusing on the constraints captivity places on animals' normal behavioral repertoires, and the effects these have on specific motivational systems. It then addresses the role of dysfunction, particularly the impact of chronic stress and impoverished environments on brain functioning. The book then moves on to explore how stereotypic behaviors can be tackled, once they have emerged, using diverse techniques from environmental enrichment to pharmaceutical intervention. It concludes by giving a new definition for 'stereotypic behavior', and a discussion of future research directions.

Fish Cognition and Behavior

Author: Culum Brown,Kevin Laland,Jens Krause

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1444342517

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 472

View: 758

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In the second edition of this fascinating book an international team of experts have been brought together to explore all major areas of fish learning, including: Foraging skills Predator recognition Social organisation and learning Welfare and pain Three new chapters covering fish personality, lateralisation, and fish cognition and fish welfare, have been added to this fully revised and expanded second edition. Fish Cognition and Behavior, Second Edition contains essential information for all fish biologists and animal behaviorists and contains much new information of commercial importance for fisheries managers and aquaculture personnel. Libraries in all universities and research establishments where biological sciences, fisheries and aquaculture are studied and taught will find it an important addition to their shelves.

Stereotypic Animal Behaviour

Fundamentals and Applications to Welfare

Author: Alistair B. Lawrence,Jeffrey Rushen

Publisher: C A B International

ISBN: N.A

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 212

View: 9038

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Concern over the welfare of confined animals has increased rapidly in recent years and extends not only to farm and zoo animals, but also to laboratory and companion animals. One form of 'undesirable' habit that has maintained public and scientific interest is so-called stereotypic behavior patterns. Obvious examples of these include bar-biting of closely confined sows, wind-sucking of stalled horses, repetitive pacing of certain zoo animals, and locomotor loops of caged rodents. Many other less specific behaviors under supposedly stressful conditions or induced by drugs are however similarly labelled as stereotypic behaviors. This book is the first to provide a comprehensive review of this subject. It covers a range of perspectives, stereotypes being analyzed in terms of motivation, subjectivity, physiolgoy, psychopharmacology and function, and concludes by assessing future research directions and implications for animal welfare. It is a significant addition to the literature and is aimed at advanced students and researchers in applied ethology and related disciplines.

Sex, Stress and Reproductive Success

Author: David A. Lovejoy,Dalia Barsyte

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470979879

Category: Science

Page: 204

View: 5137

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Any events that challenge the survival of living organisms may be classified as stressors. These stressors could include, for example, lack of food, increased population pressure, predatory pressure, climatic events or in the case of humans, loss of a loved one, lack of financial security or uncertainty in the future. Although most physiological systems are affected by stress, those systems that regulate reproductive physiology and behaviour are the most sensitive. All multicellular organisms show a stress related effect on reproduction, although the more complex organisms, such as mammals, have the most complex effects. The objective of this book is to provide a comparative analysis of the mechanisms by which stress regulates reproduction exploring the evolution of stress perceiving systems from the simplest organisms to humans. Taking an integrated approach, utilising a genes-to-environment overview, the book examines the stressors that occur at all levels of organisation. These theories are used to examine and explain human and animal reproductive behaviour and physiology under stressful conditions providing a well-written, concise introduction to this important subject.

Animal Behavior for Shelter Veterinarians and Staff

Author: Emily Weiss,Heather Mohan-Gibbons,Stephen Zawistowski

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118922840

Category: Medical

Page: 400

View: 7931

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Animal Behavior for Shelter Veterinarians and Staff presents and evaluates the available research and programs that address both animal and human behaviors associated with the intake, management and rehoming of dog and cats. Introductions to dog and cat behavior relevant to any animal professional Reviews behavioral reasons for the relinquishment of dogs and cats Describes intake and assessment protocol, shelter design, training and enrichment programs that reduce stress and enhance behavioral well-being Concepts to improve the adoption process and support the human-animal bond post-adoption

Tourism and Animal Welfare

Author: Neil Carr,Donald M Broom

Publisher: CABI

ISBN: 1786391856

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 188

View: 2026

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Animals are among the most sought after tourist attractions and the impact on them is a matter of concern to an increasing number of people. Tourism and Animal Welfare uniquely addresses the issue of animal welfare within the tourism experience. It explores important foundations such as the meaning of 'animal welfare' and its relation to ethics, animal rights and human obligations to animals. It also explores the nature and diversity of the position and role of animals within tourism. From students and academics to vets and those working within the tourism industry, this book will provide an engaging and thought-provoking read. It will also appeal to those with an interest in animal welfare, particularly in relation to the tourism industry. 'Tales from the front line' is the section of the book that provides the reader with the views and experiences of animal welfare organisations, individual leaders, tourism industry organisations and operators, and academic experts. These case studies and opinion pieces will encourage the reader to consider their own position regarding animals in tourism and their welfare.

What Animals Want

Expertise and Advocacy in Laboratory Animal Welfare Policy

Author: Larry Carbone

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199882991

Category: Medical

Page: 304

View: 6195

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Larry Carbone, a veterinarian who is in charge of the lab animal welfare assurance program at a major research university, presents this scholarly history of animal rights. Biomedical researchers, and the less fanatical among the animal rights activists will find this book reasonable, humane, and novel in its perspective. It brings a novel, sociological perspective to an area that has been addressed largely from a philosophical perspective, or from the entrenched positions of highly committed advocates of a particular position in the debate.