The Activist

John Marshall, Marbury v. Madison, and the Myth of Judicial Review

Author: Lawrence Goldstone

Publisher: Walker

ISBN: 9780802717597

Category: History

Page: 304

View: 1302

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In the waning days of his presidency, in January 1801, John Adams made some historic appointments to preserve his Federalist legacy. Foremost among them, he named his secretary of state, John Marshall, Chief Justice of the Supreme Court-neither of them anticipating that Marshall would soon need to decide the most crucial case in Supreme Court history-Marbury vs. Madison. The Activist is the story of that case and its impact on American history. It revolved around a suit brought by Federalist William Marbury and 3 others that unwittingly set off a Constitutional debate that has reverberated for more than two centuries, for the case introduced a principle ("judicial review") at the heart of our democracy: does the Supreme Court have the right to interpret the Constitution and the law. Acclaimed narrative historian Larry Goldstone makes this early American legal drama come alive for readers today as a seminal moment in our history, chronicling, as it does, the formation and foundation of the Supreme Court. But it has ever since given cover to justices, like Antonin Scalia today, who assert the Court's power over the meaning of the Constitution.That Marshall's opinion was also the very height of the judicial activism that Scalia, John Roberts, and their fellow conservatives deplore promises to be one of American history's great ironies.The debate began in 1801, and continues to this day-and in Lawrence Goldstone's hands, it has never been more interesting or relevant for general readers.

Historical Dictionary of the U.S. Constitution

Author: Richard S. Conley

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 1442271876

Category: Political Science

Page: 474

View: 2990

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The Historical Dictionary of the U.S. Constitution contains a chronology, an introduction, appendixes, and an extensive bibliography. The dictionary section has over 300 cross-referenced entries on key figures in the Founding, Supreme Court chief justices, explanations of the Articles and Amendments to the Constitution, and key Supreme Court cases. This book is an excellent access point for students, researchers, and anyone wanting to know more about the U.S. Constitution.

A Brave Man Stands Firm

The Historic Battles Between Chief Justice John Marshall and President Thomas Jefferson

Author: Ronald C. Zellar

Publisher: Algora Publishing

ISBN: 0875868843

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 271

View: 7025

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It has been often said that OC an institution is lengthened by the shadow of one man.OCO This is certainly true of John Marshall, who established the Supreme Court, made the judiciary a co-equal branch of government, and served as Chief Justice of the United States Supreme Court from 1801OCo1835. In this book a legal expert discusses the battles over the judiciary between Chief Justice John Marshall and President Thomas Jefferson during the Jefferson Presidency. The focus is on the treason trial of Aaron Burr and the story interweaves conflicts over the Judiciary Acts, Marbury v. Madison, and impeachment. Why did Thomas Jefferson and John Marshall become such great antagonists? In the dramas between these men, President Jefferson is seen in far different light than usual. John Marshall was interested in doing whatever it would take to make the United States successful; he believed in an ordered society. Jefferson, more a philosopher and a romantic, was interested in ideas rather than order. But research reveals that, despite JeffersonOCOs reputation as a champion of civil liberties, he jumped to publicly proclaim BurrOCOs guilt -- before he was even arrested, much less indicted and tried. Jefferson was intimately involved in trial strategy, writing numerous letters to the lead prosecutor. Chief Justice John Marshall responded decisively to JeffersonOCOs efforts to influence, if not dictate to, the Judicial Branch. In fact, Chief Justice John Marshall, usually presented as a champion of property rights and commerce, ensured that the rule of law prevailed despite enormous pressures, throughout the criminal trial. Letters between Jefferson and Prosecutor George Hay, and excerpts from the trial transcript and court opinions, support the authorOCOs thesis."

The Great Decision

Jefferson, Adams, Marshall, and the Battle for the Supreme Court

Author: Cliff Sloan,David McKean

Publisher: Hachette UK

ISBN: 0786744960

Category: History

Page: 288

View: 2556

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Following the bitterly contested election between Adams and Jefferson in 1800, the United States teetered on the brink of a second revolution. When Adams sought to prolong his policies in defiance of the electorate by packing the courts, it became evident that the new Constitution was limited in its powers. Change was in order and John Marshall stepped up to the challenge. The Great Decision tells the riveting story of Marshall and of the landmark court case, Marbury v. Madison, through which he empowered the Supreme Court and transformed the idea of the separation of powers into a working blueprint for our modern state. Rich in atmospheric detail, political intrigue, and fascinating characters, The Great Decision is an illuminating tale of America's formative years and the evolution of our democracy.

Failures of American Methods of Lawmaking in Historical and Comparative Perspectives

Author: James R. Maxeiner

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1108195830

Category: Law

Page: N.A

View: 9660

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In this book, James R. Maxeiner takes on the challenge of demonstrating that historically American law makers did consider a statutory methodology as part of formulating laws. In the nineteenth century, when the people wanted laws they could understand, lawyers inflicted judge-made, statute-destroying, common law on them. Maxeiner offers the cure for common law, in the form of sensible statute law. Building on this historical evidence, Maxeiner shows how rule-making in civil law jurisdictions in other countries makes for a far more equitable legal system. Sensible statute laws fit together: one statute governs, as opposed to several laws that even lawyers have trouble disentangling. In a statute law system, lawmakers make laws for the common good in sensible procedures, and judges apply sensible laws and do not make them. This book shows how such a system works in Germany and would be a solution for the American legal system as well.

Inherently Unequal

The Betrayal of Equal Rights by the Supreme Court, 1865-1903

Author: Lawrence Goldstone

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing USA

ISBN: 9780802778864

Category: History

Page: 256

View: 2618

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A potent and original examination of how the Supreme Court subverted justice and empowered the Jim Crow era. In the following years following the Civil War, the 13th Amendment abolished slavery; the 14th conferred citizenship and equal protection under the law to white and black; and the 15th gave black American males the right to vote. In 1875, the most comprehensive civil rights legislation in the nation's history granted all Americans "the full and equal enjoyment" of public accomodations. Just eight years later, the Supreme Court, by an 8-1 vote, overturned the Civil Rights Act as unconstitutional and, in the process, disemboweled the equal protection provisions of the 14th Amendment. Using court records and accounts of the period, Lawrence Goldstone chronicles how "by the dawn of the 20th century the U.S. had become the nation of Jim Crow laws, quasi-slavery, and precisely the same two-tiered system of justice that had existed in the slave era." The very human story of how and why this happened make Inherently Unequal as important as it is provocative. Examining both celebrated decisions like Plessy v. Ferguson and those often overlooked, Goldstone demonstrates how the Supreme Court turned a blind eye to the obvious reality of racism, defending instead the business establishment and status quo--thereby legalizing the brutal prejudice that came to definite the Jim Crow era.

American Federalism

A Concise Introduction

Author: Larry N. Gerston

Publisher: M.E. Sharpe

ISBN: 9780765636157

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 8178

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Understanding federalism - the form of political organization that unites separate polities within an overarching political system so that all maintain their political integrity - is central to the study of democratic government in the United States. Yet, many political scientists treat federalism as a set of abstract principles or a maze of budgetary transfers with little connection to real political life. This concise and engaging book boils the discussion down to its essence: federalism is about power, specifically the tug for power among and within the various levels of government. Author Larry N. Gerston examines the historical and philosophical underpinnings of federalism; the various "change events" that have been involved in defining America's unique set of federal principles over time; and the vertical, horizontal, and international dimensions of federalism in the United States today. The result is a book examining the ways in which institutional political power is both diffused and concentrated in the United States.

Constitutional government

the American experience

Author: James A. Curry,Richard B. Riley,Richard M. Battistoni

Publisher: Kendall/Hunt Publishing Company

ISBN: N.A

Category: Law

Page: 580

View: 3078

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Conference, fair and independent courts

a conference on the state of the judiciary ; Symposium, the law of politics : the role of law in advancing democracy

Author: Georgetown University. School of Law

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Law

Page: 480

View: 6471

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The pursuit of justice

Supreme Court decisions that shaped America

Author: Kermit Hall,John J. Patrick,Annenberg Foundation Trust at Sunnylands,Annenberg Public Policy Center

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780195325683

Category: Law

Page: 253

View: 7698

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Reviews and discusses landmark cases heard by the United States Supreme court from 1803 through 2000.

An Imperial Judiciary

Fact Or Myth? : Held on December 12, 1978, and Sponsored by the American Enterprise Institute for Public Policy Research, Washington

Author: John Charles Daly,Abram Chayes

Publisher: American Enterprise Institute Press

ISBN: N.A

Category: Law

Page: 42

View: 1310

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Choice

Publication of the Association of College and Research Libraries, a Division of the American Library Association

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Best books

Page: N.A

View: 2978

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Politics and Structure

Essentials of American National Government

Author: Robert E. O'Connor,Thomas G. Ingersoll

Publisher: Thomson Brooks/Cole

ISBN: 9780534012830

Category: United States

Page: 199

View: 6823

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Ein Pakt mit dem Teufel

William Monk 18

Author: Anne Perry

Publisher: Goldmann Verlag

ISBN: 3641076447

Category: Fiction

Page: 544

View: 9364

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Ein schockierender Mord an einer jungen Frau. Die Spur führt in Londons höchste Regierungskreise London 1867. Inspector William Monk soll die Ermittlungen in einem schockierenden Mordfall übernehmen: im Wasser der Themse wurde eine entstellte Frauenleiche gefunden. Die Tote: Zenia Gadney, eine Gelegenheitsprostituierte, die allein und sehr zurückgezogen lebte. Regelmäßig jedoch erhielt sie Besuch von einem eleganten älteren Herren. Leider lässt sich der Besagte nicht mehr befragen – unlängst hat Dr. Joel Lambourn Selbstmord begangen. Oder war es Mord? Denn Lambourn hat als renommierter Wissenschaftler im Regierungsauftrag das Betäubungsmittel Opium erforscht. Und seine Ergebnisse waren bahnbrechend und äußerst brisant ...

Betrachtungen über die Repräsentativregierung

Author: John Stuart Mill

Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag

ISBN: 3518735179

Category: Political Science

Page: 336

View: 3924

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Die anhaltende Diskussion um die »Krise des Parlamentarismus« zeigt, dass die normative Begründung und systematische Bestimmung von Parlamentsfunktionen und demokratischer Öffentlichkeit von entscheidender Bedeutung für die Zukunft der repräsentativen Demokratie ist. Das Problem ist aber nicht neu, wie John Stuart Mills klassischer Text zeigt. Er kreist um die Frage, wie sich die Gefahr einer »Tyrannei der Mehrheit« mit den Partizipationsanforderungen demokratischen Regierens versöhnen lässt. Mill begründet darin u. a. ein deliberatives Verständnis von Politik und erörtert die Gefahren einer bürokratischen Strangulierung politischer Freiheit. Ein Schlüsselwerk der Demokratietheorie und Parlamentarismusforschung.