Mein Katalonien

Bericht über den Spanischen Bürgerkrieg

Author: George Orwell

Publisher: Diogenes Verlag AG

ISBN: 3257602480

Category: Fiction

Page: 288

View: 8083

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Ende 1936 kam Orwell als Zeitungsreporter nach Barcelona, um über den Bürgerkrieg zu berichten. Er schloß sich der Miliz P.O.U.M. an, der Arbeiterpartei der marxistischen Einigung, und kämpfte den Winter über an der Front in Aragonien. Als er wenig später mit ansehen mußte, wie die Kommunisten bei der Ausschaltung der ihnen nicht genehmen Truppen Methoden der faschistischen Geheimpolizei anwandten, wurde er zu einem der erbittertsten Feinde des sowjetischen Totalitarismus.

The Anarchists in the Spanish Civil War

Author: Robert J. Alexander

Publisher: Janus Publishing Company Lim

ISBN: 9781857564129

Category: History

Page: 1468

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A comprehensive view of the anarchists' role in Spain from 1936 to 1939, both during the conflict and in their unique social and economic experiments behind the lines. The author examines the part anarchists played in the defence of Madrid, as well as life in the rural and urban collectives.

The Anarchists in the Spanish Civil War

Author: Robert J. Alexander

Publisher: Janus Publishing Company Lim

ISBN: 1857564006

Category: History

Page: 1468

View: 6698

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Re-examines the role of the anarchists in the Spanish Civil War, from their participation in the military to the management of substantial segments of the Spanish economy.

Revolution and the State

Anarchism in the Spanish Civil War, 1936-1939

Author: Danny Evans

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351664735

Category: History

Page: 230

View: 932

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This book analyses the processes of revolution and state reconstruction that took place in the Republican zone during the Spanish civil war. It focuses on the radical anarchists who sought to advance the revolutionary agenda. Their activity came into conflict with the leaders of the libertarian organisations committed to the reconstruction of the Republican state following its near collapse in July 1936. This process implied participation not only in the organs of governance but also in the ideological reconstitution of the Republic as a patriarchal and national entity. Using original sources, the book shows that the opposition to this process was both broader and more ideologically consistent than has hitherto been assumed, and that, in spite of its heterogeneity, it united around a common revolutionary programme. This resistance to state reconstruction was informed by the essential insight of anarchism: that the function and purpose of the modern state cannot be transformed from within. By situating the struggles of the radical anarchists within the contested process of state reconstruction, the book affirms the continued relevance of this insight to the study of the Spanish revolution.

The Story of the Iron Column

Militant Anarchism in the Spanish Civil War

Author: Abel Paz

Publisher: AK Press

ISBN: 1849350647

Category: History

Page: 278

View: 2271

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A passionate history of fighting against all odds—the legendary war against fascism and capitalism in Spain.

Die Befreiung der Gesellschaft vom Staat

Was ist kommunistischer Anarchismus?

Author: Erich Mühsam

Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand

ISBN: 3848257114

Category:

Page: 58

View: 7091

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1932 ver ffentlichte Erich M hsam seine programmatische Schrift "Die Befreiung der Gesellschaft vom Staat" mit dem Untertitel "Was ist kommunistischer Anarchismus?" als Sonderheft seiner Zeitung "Fanal." Hierin entwirft er eine Gesellschaftsvorstellung ohne Macht und Staat und erl utert das anarchistische Weltbild. In seinem Vorwort schreibt er: "Eine Arbeit, die als Ersatz f r eine am Erscheinen verhinderte, dem Tagesgeschehen angepa te Zeitschrift den Augenblick berdauern m chte, kann sich nur mit der Welt- und Lebensanschauung befassen, welche den Geist der Zeitschrift bestimmt hat und weiter bestimmen soll. Dem Anarchisten war also die Aufgabe gestellt, die Grundz ge seines anarchistischen Lehrgeb udes zu entwerfen. Das habe ich versucht. Immer wieder h ren wir die Frage von Personen, denen die Gedankenwelt des Anarchismus nicht vertraut ist: Was wollt ihr eigentlich? Wie stellt ihr euch eine Gesellschaft ohne Staat und Obrigkeit vor? Liegt nicht in der Bezeichnung Kommunistischer Anarchismus" ein innerer Widerspruch? Darauf wollte ich einigerma en umfassend und in nicht schwer verst ndlicher Form kurzen Bescheid geben. Den eigenen Genossen wollte ich gleichzeitig ein Bild der anarchistischen Gedankenwelt zeichnen, das jeder nach seiner Neigung erg nzen oder einschr nken mag und an dessen Linien er seine Ansichten berpr fen und befestigen kann. Auf geschichtliche Beweisf hrung und wissenschaftliche Unterbauung der hier vorgetragenen Gedanken habe ich verzichtet, auch davon abgesehen, ltere anarchistische Schriften zur St tzung und Vergleichung meiner Meinung heranzuziehen. Kein Gedanke wird dadurch richtiger, da schon ein andrer ihn fr her ge u ert hat. Auch glaube ich, da es der Lebendigkeit meiner Beweisf hrung am zutr glichsten ist, wenn ich sie ausschlie lich in meine eigenen Worte fasse. Daher findet sich in der vorliegenden Arbeit kein einziges Zitat, au er dem an die Spitze gestellten Satz Wielands, der, vor 150 Jahren geschrieben, beweisen soll, wi

Anarchist Immigrants in Spain and Argentina

Author: James A Baer

Publisher: University of Illinois Press

ISBN: 0252096975

Category: Social Science

Page: 272

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From 1868 through 1939, anarchists' migrations from Spain to Argentina and back again created a transnational ideology and influenced the movement's growth in each country. James A. Baer follows the lives, careers, and travels of Diego Abad de Santillán, Manuel Villar, and other migrating anarchists to highlight the ideological and interpersonal relationships that defined a vital era in anarchist history. Drawing on extensive interviews with Abad de Santillán, José Grunfeld, and Jacobo Maguid, along withunusual access to anarchist records and networks, Baer uncovers the ways anarchist migrants in pursuit of jobs and political goals formed a critical nucleus of militants, binding the two countries in an ideological relationship that profoundly affected the history of both. He also considers the impact of reverse migration and discusses political decisions that had a hitherto unknown influence on the course of the Spanish Civil War. Personal in perspective and transnational in scope, Anarchist Immigrants in Spain and Argentina offers an enlightening history of a movement and an era.

The Spanish Civil War

Revolution and Counterrevolution

Author: Burnett Bolloten

Publisher: Univ of North Carolina Press

ISBN: 9780807819067

Category: History

Page: 1074

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A detailed account of the war describes Republican political life during the period and recounts the rise of the Spanish Communist Party

The Anarchists of Casas Viejas

Author: Jerome R. Mintz

Publisher: Indiana University Press

ISBN: 9780253216588

Category: Social Science

Page: 336

View: 3419

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"For its intelligence and humanitarian achievements, for its political honesty, for its power and its beauty (there is no other word), this book deserves to be called a masterpiece." —American Ethnologist Jerome R. Mintz's classic study of the lives of Andalusian campesinos who were swept up by one of the 20th century's pivotal social movements provided a new framework for understanding the tragic events that tilted Spain toward civil war. In a new foreword, James W. Fernandez reflects on the fieldwork that led to the book and its contribution to subsequent developments in the ethnography of Europe and the historiography of modern Spain.

Philosophical Anarchism and Political Obligation

Author: Magda Egoumenides

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing USA

ISBN: 1441124454

Category: Political Science

Page: 288

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Political obligation refers to the moral obligation of citizens to obey the law of their state and to the existence, nature, and justification of a special relationship between a government and its constituents. This volume in the Contemporary Anarchist Studies series challenges this relationship, seeking to define and defend the position of critical philosophical anarchism against alternative approaches to the issue of justification of political institutions. The book sets out to demonstrate the value of taking an anarchist approach to the problem of political authority, looking at theories of natural duty, state justification, natural duty of justice, fairness, political institutions, and more. It argues that the anarchist perspective is in fact indispensable to theorists of political obligation and can improve our views of political authority and social relations. This accessible book builds on the works of philosophical anarchists such as John Simmons and Leslie Green, and discusses key theorists, including Rousseau, Rawls, and Horton. This key resource will make an important contribution to anarchist political theory and to anarchist studies more generally.

Immigrants against the State

Yiddish and Italian Anarchism in America

Author: Kenyon Zimmer

Publisher: University of Illinois Press

ISBN: 0252097432

Category: Social Science

Page: 320

View: 1050

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From the 1880s through the 1940s, tens of thousands of first- and second-generation immigrants embraced the anarchist cause after arriving on American shores. Kenyon Zimmer explores why these migrants turned to anarchism, and how their adoption of its ideology shaped their identities, experiences, and actions. Zimmer focuses on Italians and Eastern European Jews in San Francisco, New York City, and Paterson, New Jersey. Tracing the movement's changing fortunes from the pre–World War I era through the Spanish Civil War, Zimmer argues that anarchists, opposed to both American and Old World nationalism, severed all attachments to their nations of origin but also resisted assimilation into their host society. Their radical cosmopolitan outlook and identity instead embraced diversity and extended solidarity across national, ethnic, and racial divides. Though ultimately unable to withstand the onslaught of Americanism and other nationalisms, the anarchist movement nonetheless provided a shining example of a transnational collective identity delinked from the nation-state and racial hierarchies.

Fighting fascism: the British Left and the rise of fascism, 1919-39

Author: Keith Hodgson

Publisher: Manchester University Press

ISBN: 1847797571

Category: History

Page: 256

View: 3931

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In the years between the two world wars, the parties of the left had to confront new and frightening movements which were intent on their complete destruction. Fascism triumphed in Italy, Germany, Spain and elsewhere, coming to power after intense struggles with the labour movements of those countries. Yet in Britain, the left was able to confront the challenge of fascism effectively by understanding the nature of the threat, and by evolving tactics which played a crucial role in preventing British fascist movements from growing and developing as they had elsewhere. This book examines the analyses of fascism put forward by British socialists and communists, explains the anti-fascist strategies they proposed, and assesses the reasons for their effectiveness. In recounting the theories and actions of the Labour Party, the TUC, the Communist Party of Great Britain and other left-wing groups, the work seeks to explain their different approaches, while at the same time highlighting the common thread that linked all their interpretations of fascism. The author seeks to redress an imbalance which has led to the ideas and actions of British anti-fascists being less well covered than those of their counterparts in Europe. The work is also a contribution to the ongoing debate regarding the nature of fascism, and of its neglected antithesis, anti-fascism. It will appeal to students and scholars of British history and politics in the inter-war period, as well as to those interested in the political ideologies of the left and the right.

The Spanish Civil War in Literature

Author: Janet Perez,Wendell M. Aycock

Publisher: Texas Tech University Press

ISBN: 9780896725980

Category: Literary Collections

Page: 178

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Few events have stirred the emotions and caught the imaginations of intellectuals as did the Spanish Civil War of 1936-39. The Spanish Civil War in Literature examines the diverse literatures that the war inspired: a literature relating directly to the war, a literature of exile arising from the forty-year dictatorship of Francisco Franco, and a polemical literature embracing pro-Franco and Loyalist sympathies.In this book, specialists from a variety of fields explore these literatures within comparative and interdisciplinary frameworks. They reflect upon film, poetry, novels, painting, discourse, biography, and propaganda. The essays are grouped according to the original languages of the works they discuss—French, Russian, English, and Spanish.

Damned Fools in Utopia

And Other Writings on Anarchism and War Resistance

Author: Nicolas Walter,David Goodway

Publisher: PM Press

ISBN: 160486222X

Category: History

Page: 289

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Nicolas Walter was drawn to Anarchism through the twin jolts of Suez and the Hungarian Revolution during his student years, followed by his participation in the resulting New Left and nuclear disarmament movement. Concurrently with his activism, he was acutely and lucidly analysing the history, practice and theory of these intertwined movements - and it is such writings, including the seminal 'Non-Violent Resistance and the Spies for Peace and After', that form the core of this collection. Scorning the pomp of academic prose, his writing is accessible and clear.

Civil War in Spain

A History of the Anarchist and Communist Fight Against Franco's Fascism

Author: Bertram David Wolfe

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781610010122

Category: History

Page: 97

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"First published New York, Workers Age Publishers, 1937"--T.p. verso.