The Ancient Nasca World

New Insights from Science and Archaeology

Author: Rosa Lasaponara,Nicola Masini,Giuseppe Orefici

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319470523

Category: Social Science

Page: 670

View: 1948

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This book presents outstanding chapter contributions on the Nasca culture in a variety of artistic expressions such as architecture, geoglyphs, ceramics, music, and textiles. The approach, based on the integration of science with archaeology and anthropology, sheds new light on the Nasca civilization. In particular the multidisciplinary character of the contributions and earth observation technologies provide new information on geoglyphs, the monumental ceremonial architecture of Cahuachi, and the adaptation strategies in the Nasca desert by means of sophisticated and effective aqueduct systems. Finally, archaeological looting and vandalism are covered. This book will be of interest to students, archaeologists, historians, scholars of Andean civilizations, scientists in physical anthropology, remote sensing, geophysics, and cultural heritage management.

Big Data in the Arts and Humanities

Theory and Practice

Author: Giovanni Schiuma,Daniela Carlucci

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1351172581

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 214

View: 7995

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As digital technologies occupy a more central role in working and everyday human life, individual and social realities are increasingly constructed and communicated through digital objects, which are progressively replacing and representing physical objects. They are even shaping new forms of virtual reality. This growing digital transformation coupled with technological evolution and the development of computer computation is shaping a cyber society whose working mechanisms are grounded upon the production, deployment, and exploitation of big data. In the arts and humanities, however, the notion of big data is still in its embryonic stage, and only in the last few years, have arts and cultural organizations and institutions, artists, and humanists started to investigate, explore, and experiment with the deployment and exploitation of big data as well as understand the possible forms of collaborations based on it. Big Data in the Arts and Humanities: Theory and Practice explores the meaning, properties, and applications of big data. This book examines therelevance of big data to the arts and humanities, digital humanities, and management of big data with and for the arts and humanities. It explores the reasons and opportunities for the arts and humanities to embrace the big data revolution. The book also delineates managerial implications to successfully shape a mutually bene?cial partnership between the arts and humanities and the big data- and computational digital-based sciences. Big data and arts and humanities can be likened to the rational and emotional aspects of the human mind. This book attempts to integrate these two aspects of human thought to advance decision-making and to enhance the expression of the best of human life.

Cahuachi in the Ancient Nasca World

Author: Helaine Silverman

Publisher: University of Iowa Press

ISBN: 1587294710

Category: History

Page: 387

View: 1266

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Ever since its scientific discovery, the great Nasca site of Cahuachi on the south coast of the Central Andes has captured the attention of archaeologists, art historians, and the general public. Until Helaine Silverman's fieldwork, however, ancient Nasca culture was seen as an archaeological construct devoid of societal context. Silverman's long-term, multistage research as published in this volume reconstructs Nasca society and contextualizes the traces of this brilliant civilization (ca. 200 B.C.-A.D. 600). Silverman shows that Cahuachi was much larger and more complex than portrayed in the current literature but that, surprisingly, it was not a densely populated city. Rather, Cahuachi was a grand ceremonial center whose population, size, density, and composition changed to accommodate a ritual and political calendar. Silverman meticulously presents and interprets an abundance of current data on the physical complexities, burials, and artifacts of this prominent site; in addition, she synthesizes the history of previous fieldwork at Cahuachi and introduces a corrected map and a new chronological chart for the Rio Grande de Nazca drainage system. On the basis of empirical field data, ethnographic analogy, and settlement pattern analysis, Silverman constructs an Andean model of Nasca culture that is crucial to understanding the development of complex society in the Central Andes. Written in a clear and concise style and generously illustrated, this first synthesis of the published data about the ancient Nasca world will appeal to all archaeologists, art historians, urban anthropologists, and historians of ancient civilizations.

The Newark Earthworks

Enduring Monuments, Contested Meanings

Author: Lindsay Jones,Richard D. Shiels

Publisher: University of Virginia Press

ISBN: 0813937795

Category: Religion

Page: 352

View: 5037

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Considered a wonder of the ancient world, the Newark Earthworks—the gigantic geometrical mounds of earth built nearly two thousand years ago in the Ohio valley--have been a focal point for archaeologists and surveyors, researchers and scholars for almost two centuries. In their prime one of the premier pilgrimage destinations in North America, these monuments are believed to have been ceremonial centers used by ancestors of Native Americans, called the "Hopewell culture," as social gathering places, religious shrines, pilgrimage sites, and astronomical observatories. Yet much of this territory has been destroyed by the city of Newark, and the site currently "hosts" a private golf course, making it largely inaccessible to the public. The first book-length volume devoted to the site, The Newark Earthworks reveals the magnitude and the geometric precision of what remains of the earthworks and the site’s undeniable importance to our history. Including contributions from archaeologists, historians, cultural geographers, and cartographers, as well as scholars in religious studies, legal studies, indigenous studies, and preservation studies, the book follows an interdisciplinary approach to shine light on the Newark Earthworks and argues compellingly for its designation as a World Heritage Site.

The Ancient Andean Village

Marcaya in Prehispanic Nasca

Author: Kevin J. Vaughn

Publisher: University of Arizona Press

ISBN: 9780816527069

Category: Social Science

Page: 209

View: 2048

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Although ancient civilizations in the Andes are rich in historyÑwith expansive empires, skilled artisans, and vast temple centersÑthe history of the Andean foothills on the south coast of present-day Peru is only now being unveiled. Nasca, a prehispanic society that flourished there from AD 1 to 750, is best known for its polychrome pottery, its enigmatic geoglyphs (the "Nasca Lines"), and its ceremonial center, Cahuachi, which was the seat of power in early Nasca. However, despite the fact that archaeologists have studied Nasca civilization for more than a century, until now they have not pieced together the daily lives of Nasca residents. With this book, Kevin Vaughn offers the first portrait of village life in this ancient Andean society. Vaughn is interested in how societies develop and change, in particular their subsistence and political economies, interactions between elites and commoners, and the ritual activities of everyday life. By focusing on one village, Marcaya, he not only illuminates the lives and relationships of its people but he also contributes to an understanding of the more general roles played by villages in the growth of increasingly complex societies in the Andes. By examining agency in local affairs, he is able for the first time to explore the nature of power in Nasca and how it may have changed over time. By studying village and household activities, Vaughn argues, we can begin to appreciate from the ground up such essential activities as production, consumption, and the ideologies revealed by ritualsÑand thereby gain fresh insights into ancient civilizations.

Andean Archaeology III

North and South

Author: William Isbell,Helaine Silverman

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387289402

Category: Social Science

Page: 523

View: 3927

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The third volume in the Andean Archaeology series, this book focuses on the marked cultural differences between the northern and southern regions of the Central Andes, and considers the conditions under which these differences evolved, grew pronounced, and diminished. This book continues the dynamic, current problem-oriented approach to the field of Andean Archaeology that began with Andean Archaeology I and Andean Archaeology II. Combines up-to-date research, diverse theoretical platforms, and far-reaching interpretations to draw provocative and thoughtful conclusions.

Andean Archaeology I

Variations in sociopolitical organization. 1

Author: William H. Isbell,Helaine Silverman

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780306467721

Category: History

Page: 390

View: 9558

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The origins and development of civilization are vital components to the understanding of the cultural processes that create human societies. Comparing and contrasting the evolutionary sequences from different civilizations is one approach to discovering their unique development. One area for comparison is in the Central Andes where several societies remained in isolation without a written language. As a direct result, the only resource for understanding these societies is in their material artefacts. In this work, the focus is on what the material remains reveal about the sociopolitical structures of the Central Andes region. This focus on ancient identity politics adopts a perspective that explicitly interrogates the processes and strategies by which higher social groups acted as self-interested agents in the achievement and maintenance of differential status, including: symbols of power and their role in the construction of an elite identity; social legitimization and achievement of economic or material power; design of architecture for the display of power and exercise of social control; and promotion of labor-intensive agriculture for the purpose of surplus production and extraction.

New Technologies for Archaeology

Multidisciplinary Investigations in Palpa and Nasca, Peru

Author: Markus Reindel,Günther A. Wagner

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540874380

Category: Social Science

Page: 512

View: 5205

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This heavily-illustrated book covers recent developments in archaeometry and offers a multidisciplinary approach to reconstructing complex cultural histories. It also presents a detailed history of human development in South America’s Nasca region.

Bilderbuch der Wüste

Maria Reiche und die Bodenzeichnungen von Nasca

Author: Viola Zetzsche,Dietrich Schulze

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783954621200

Category:

Page: 240

View: 5868

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Us and Them

Archaeology and Ethnicity in the Andes

Author: Richard Martin Reycraft

Publisher: Cotsen Institute of Archaeology

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 242

View: 644

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Presented at a symposium held at the annual meeting of the Society for American Archeology in April 1999, 14 papers advance the study of prehistoric Andean ethnicity. But unlike early 20th century approaches that generated lists of presumably static ethnic traits, the current focus is on variations in material culture (illustrated) indicative of et

Excavations at Camata

An Early Ceramic Chronology for the Western Titicaca Basin, Peru

Author: Lee Hyde Steadman

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category:

Page: 1364

View: 4196

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Between the lines

the mystery of the giant ground drawings of ancient Nasca, Peru

Author: Anthony F. Aveni

Publisher: Univ of Texas Pr

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 257

View: 1309

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A FASCINATING OVERVIEW OF WHAT THE LEADING EXPERT AND HIS COLLEAGUES CURRENTLY UNDERSTAND ABOUT THE GIANT GROUND DRAWINGS OF ANCIENT NASCA, PERU.

Latin American Antiquity

A Journal of the Society for American Archaeology

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Indians of Central America

Page: N.A

View: 4799

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